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Adolescent mother

Sarah Myers, Sarah E Johns
Postnatal depression (PND) is known to be associated with a range of detrimental child and adolescent outcomes, resulting from its disruptive impact on mother-child relationship quality. However, until now little has been known about the impact of PND on the longer-term relationships between mothers and their children, and any intergenerational effects this may have. Mother-child relationship quality is of interest from an evolutionary perspective as it plays a role in the accrual of offspring embodied capital, thus affecting offspring quality and offspring's capacity to subsequently invest in their own children...
2018: PeerJ
Faith E Fletcher, Celia Fisher, Meredith K Buchberg, Brenikki Floyd, Anna Hotton, Angelica Ehioba, Geri Donenberg
Despite the demonstrated effectiveness of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce incident HIV infections, PrEP's potential as an HIV prevention strategy for adolescent populations is unknown. This study assessed perceptions of adolescent PrEP use and clinical trial participation among African American women and their adolescent daughters. We conducted focus group discussions with 15 African American mother/daughter pairs ( N = 30). Findings suggest a general lack of PrEP awareness, favorable attitudes toward adolescent PrEP use, altruistic attitudes regarding research participation among daughters, and less favorable attitudes toward adolescent clinical trial participation among mothers...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
Emily G Simpson, Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
This study aimed to characterize adolescent family functioning typologies using latent profile analysis (LPA). A secondary aim was to examine profile associations with adolescent internalizing symptoms at one-year follow-up. Students (N = 1029; 53% female; mean age = 16.14, SD = .75 years) completed measures of family functioning, anxiety, and depressive symptoms at two time points. LPA was conducted to characterize family functioning typologies at Time 1, revealing five profiles: 1) Low Family Functioning, 2) Only Close to Father, 3) Average Family Functioning, 4) Only Close to Mother, and 5) High Family Functioning...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Dora Wood, Sophie Geoghegan, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Peter J Davis, John V Pappachan, Sarah Goodwin, Jo Wray
Critically ill adolescents are usually treated on intensive care units optimised for much older adults or younger children. The way they access and experience health services may be very different to most adolescent service users, and existing quality criteria may not apply to them. The objectives of this pilot study were, firstly, to determine whether adolescents and their families were able to articulate their experiences of their critical care admission and secondly, to identify the factors that are important to them during their intensive care unit (ICU) or high dependency unit (HDU) stay...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Binyuan Su, Chengfu Yu, Wei Zhang, Qin Su, Jianjun Zhu, Yanping Jiang
Although empirical studies have indicated that parents have an important role in preventing Internet gaming disorder in adolescents, longitudinal research on the parental predictors of Internet gaming disorder is lacking. We used a three-wave cross-lagged panel model to explore the reciprocal association between parental monitoring and Internet gaming disorder, and examined the different impacts of mother- and father-child relationships on this association. A sample of 1490 adolescents aged 10-15 years ( M = 12...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Wanêssa Lacerda Poton, Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors in childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Data from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used. Information on breastfeeding was assessed at 12 months of age. Behavior was assessed at 4 years of age using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and at ages 11 and 15 years using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), both administered to the mother or caretaker. Of 5 249 cohort participants, those with complete data on breastfeeding and externalizing behaviors were included: 630 children at 4 years of age, 1 277 adolescents at 11 years, and 1 199 at 15 years...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Eva S Lefkowitz, Rose Wesche, Chelom E Leavitt
Kissing a partner occurs relatively early during adolescence. Thus, young adults who have never kissed are off-time from their peers. Substantial exploration in the areas of identity and intimacy occur during this period, and kissing may fulfill both of these functions, addressing autonomy and relatedness motives for sexual behaviors. We examined the prevalence and personal, contextual, and adjustment/health predictors of delayed onset of kissing. An ethnically and racially diverse sample of traditionally aged first year university students (N = 738; 50...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Debora Cutuli, Erica Berretta, Paola Caporali, Patricia Sampedro-Piquero, Paola De Bartolo, Daniela Laricchiuta, Francesca Gelfo, Matteo Pesoli, Francesca Foti, Stefano Farioli Vecchioli, Laura Petrosini
Potentiating social, cognitive, and sensorimotor stimulations the Environmental Enrichment (EE) increases levels of novelty and complexity experienced by individuals. Growing evidence demonstrates that parental EE experience, even occurring in the pre-reproductive phase, affects behavioral and neural developmental trajectories of the offspring. To discover how the accumulation of early maternal complex experiences may inform and shape the social behavior of the following generation, we examined the effects of pre-reproductive enrichment of dams (post-natal days 21-72) on the play performances of their male and female adolescent offspring...
February 17, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Darby Saxbe, Hannah Lyden, Sarah I Gimbel, Matthew Sachs, Larissa B Del Piero, Gayla Margolin, Jonas T Kaplan
Using longitudinal data from 21 adolescents, we assessed family aggression (via mother, father, and youth report) in early adolescence, externalizing behavior in mid-adolescence, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data in late adolescence. Amygdalae were manually traced, and used as seed regions for resting state analyses. Both family aggression and subsequent externalizing behavior predicted larger right amygdala volumes and stronger amygdala-frontolimbic/salience network connectivity and weaker amygdala-posterior cingulate connectivity...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Tae-Ho Lee, Yang Qu, Eva H Telzer
Shared psychological processes between individuals occur most between a mother and her child because the mother-child bond is one of the closest forms of human attachment, in which a mother and her child are essentially wired to connect. We recruited mother-child pairs (Ndyad = 19; adolescent: Mage = 13.74, 11 males; mothers: Mage = 44.26), who each completed an fMRI scan. We examined dyadic neural representational similarity as adolescents completed a stress task and mothers observed their child's performance during the same task...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Ana Luna, Monalisa Gomes, Ana Granville-Garcia, Valdenice Menezes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perception of treatment needs and the use of dental services for children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 250 children/adolescents with sickle cell disease at a reference center in the city of Recife, Brazil. Data on the use of dental services were collected using a 13-item questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. The examiner in charge of determining l caries and periodontal status had previously undergone a training and calibration exercise...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
László I Gerecsei, András Csillag, Gergely Zachar, Lőrinc Gévai, László Simon, Árpád Dobolyi, Ágota Ádám
The member of synthetic cathinone family, methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), is a frequently used psychoactive drug of abuse. The objective of our study was to determine the effect of MDPV (administered from the 8th to the 14th day of gestation) on the behavior of neonatal and adolescent mice, as well as its effect on maternal care. We measured maternal care (pup retrieval test, nest building), locomotor activity (open field test), and motor coordination (grip strength test) of dams, whereas on pups we examined locomotor activity at postnatal day 7 and day 21 (open field test) and motor coordination on day 21 (grip strength test)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Gloria Aguilar, Angélica Espinosa Miranda, George W Rutherford, Sergio Munoz, Nancy Hills, Tania Samudio, Fernando Galeano, Anibal Kawabata, Carlos Miguel Rios González
We estimated mortality rate and predictors of death in children and adolescents who acquired HIV through mother-to-child transmission in Paraguay. In 2000-2014, we conducted a cohort study among children and adolescents aged < 15 years. We abstracted data from medical records and death certificates. We used the Cox proportional hazards model for the multivariable analysis of mortality predictors. A total of 302 subjects were included in the survey; 216 (71.5%) were younger than 5 years, 148 (51.0%) were male, and 214 (70...
February 17, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Laura Di Giunta, Anne-Marie R Iselin, Jennifer E Lansford, Nancy Eisenberg, Carolina Lunetti, Eriona Thartori, Emanuele Basili, Concetta Pastorelli, Dario Bacchini, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Maria Gerbino
The present study examines whether early adolescents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation mediate the relation between parents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation and early adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems. Participants were 534 early adolescents (T1: M age = 10.89, SD = .70; 50% female), their mothers (n = 534), and their fathers (n = 431). Families were drawn from Colombia, Italy, and the USA. Follow-up data were obtained two (T2) and three (T3) years later. At T1 and T3, parents' self-efficacy beliefs were self-reported and internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed via mothers', fathers', and early adolescents' reports...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Frøydis Enstad, Willy Pedersen, Wendy Nilsen, Tilmann von Soest
Aims: Recent research suggests that early onset of intoxication (EOI) may be of greater importance for a wide range of subsequent adverse outcomes than early drinking experiences without intoxication. However, research on antecedents of EOI is scarce. The present study identifies predictors of EOI and whether they differ from those of early onset of drinking (EOD). Methods: Data was drawn from the prospective Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study of Norwegian families ( n = 382), which followed up mothers and their children with six data collections from childhood (age 1...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Christine Firk, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Wolfgang Scharke, Brigitte Dahmen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent motherhood is accompanied by a constellation of risk factors that translate into developmental risk for the off-spring. Socioeconomic risk that is associated with adolescent motherhood as well as maternal interactive behaviors may contribute to the impact of adolescent motherhood on children's developmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate differences in children's cognitive development between children of adolescent and adult mothers in their first two years of life and to examine whether socioeconomic risk (e...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Curtis S Dunkel, Michael A Woodley Of Menie
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal sensitivity and offspring intelligence in late childhood and adolescence. Secondary data (N=117) from the Block and Block (2006a, b) 30-year longitudinal study of Californian children, which began in the late 1960s, was used to test the hypothesis that maternal sensitivity in childhood would be predictive of late childhood and adolescent intelligence. Correlational analyses revealed that maternal sensitivity, as judged by raters viewing mother's interactions with their children in a set of four joint structured cognitive tasks when the child was 5 years of age, was associated with verbal and performance IQ test scores when the children were ages 11 and 18...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Jack Stevens, Robyn Lutz, Ngozi Osuagwu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Wolfgang Briegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
Kim Bastaits, Inge Pasteels, Dimitri Mortelmans
Previous research on adolescents' well-being has focused mainly on the differences between married and divorced families. Recently, interest has shifted towards the cumulative effects of the various family transitions experienced by children. To contribute to this literature, we investigate the relationship of maternal and paternal family trajectories following divorce with adolescents' well-being by analyzing two dyadic subsamples of the 'Divorce in Flanders' study: mothers-adolescents (n = 515) and fathers-adolescents (n = 365)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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