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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108267/fitness-and-fatness-in-relation-with-attention-capacity-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#1
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jeremy Vanhelst, Jonatan R Ruiz, Ruth Castillo-Gualda, Lars Libuda, Idoia Labayen, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Ascensión Marcos, Eszter Molnár, Andrés Catena, Luis A Moreno, Michael Sjöström, Frederic Gottrand, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107045/examining-bidirectional-pathways-between-exposure-to-political-violence-and-adolescent-adjustment-in-northern-ireland
#2
E Mark Cummings, Laura K Taylor, Han Du, Christine E Merrilees, Marcie Goeke-Morey, Peter Shirlow
Research on social ecologies of political violence has been largely confined to cross-sectional tests of the impact of political violence on child adjustment, limiting perspectives on more nuanced causal pathways, including tests of reciprocal relations between exposure to political violence and child adjustment. Based on a four-wave longitudinal study, this research breaks new ground in assessing bidirectional relations between exposure to political violence in the form of experience with sectarian antisocial behavior and adolescents' adjustment problems...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101747/adolescents-conflict-management-styles-with-mothers-longitudinal-associations-with-parenting-and-reactance
#3
Lies Christine Missotten, Koen Luyckx, Susan Branje, Stijn Van Petegem
Adolescents' conflict management styles with parents are assumed to have an important impact on the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship and on adolescents' psychosocial development. Longitudinal research investigating possible determinants of these conflict management skills is scarce. The parenting context and adolescents' tendency to reject maternal authority are expected to shape adolescents' conflict management styles. Therefore, the present three-wave longitudinal study focuses on how parenting and adolescents' reactance relates to adolescents' conflict management styles and conflict frequency with mothers over time, and whether reactance may also explain the associations between parenting and certain conflict variables...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101122/start-early-does-social-instability-during-the-pre-and-early-postnatal-development-prepare-male-wild-cavies-for-social-challenge-later-in-life
#4
Katja Siegeler, Lars Lewejohann, Klaus Failing, Norbert Sachser, Sylvia Kaiser
BACKGROUND: The social environment the mother experiences during pregnancy and lactation can powerfully influence the offspring's behavioural profile. Our previous studies in wild cavies show that two different social environments during pregnancy and lactation bring about different behavioural strategies of male offspring later in life: An unstable social environment leads to a behavioural camouflage strategy, hypothesised to be beneficial at times of socially challenging situations...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098048/folate-and-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-associated-with-plasma-dha-and-epa-fatty-acids-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#5
I Iglesia, I Huybrechts, M González-Gross, T Mouratidou, J Santabárbara, V Chajès, E M González-Gil, J Y Park, S Bel-Serrat, M Cuenca-García, M Castillo, M Kersting, K Widhalm, S De Henauw, M Sjöström, F Gottrand, D Molnár, Y Manios, A Kafatos, M Ferrari, P Stehle, A Marcos, F J Sánchez-Muniz, L A Moreno
This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097807/parent-adolescent-influences-on-everyday-dietary-practices-perceptions-of-adolescent-females-with-obesity-and-their-mothers
#6
Megan R Winkler, Elizabeth D Moore, Gary G Bennett, Sarah C Armstrong, Debra H Brandon
Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the influences experienced within the parent-adolescent relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers...
January 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096962/extra-virgin-olive-oil-in-maternal-diet-increases-osteogenic-genes-expression-but-high-amounts-have-deleterious-effects-on-bones-in-mice-offspring-at-adolescence
#7
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Fariba Koohdani, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Pantea Izadi, Mohamadreza Eshraghian, Forough Azam Sayahpour, Leila Shafiei Neek, Farzad Shidfar
OBJECTIVES: Maternal high-fat diet has been shown to have deleterious effects on the offspring bones. However, there is no study to assess the effects of type and amount of maternal dietary oil in an isocaloric diet, with focus on extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis that type of maternal dietary oil has more effects than its amount in an isocaloric diet during gestation and lactation on bone genes expression in offspring in adolescence...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095279/overweight-and-obesity-in-italian-adolescents-examined-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-factors
#8
Myriam Galfo, Laura D'Addezio, Laura Censi, Romana Roccaldo, Deborah Martone
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity derived from measured data of weight and height in a cross-sectional sample of adolescents in the Italian region of Lazio and to analyse their association with different socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study was conducted in a representative sample of 15-16-year-old adolescents recruited in secondary schools between December 2011 and May 2012. 369 adolescents were investigated. Body weight, height and waist circumference were measured...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095060/executive-functioning-mediates-the-effect-of-behavioral-problems-on-depression-in-mothers-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#9
Wai Chan, Leann E Smith, Jan S Greenberg, Jinkuk Hong, Marsha R Mailick
The present investigation explored long-term relationships of behavioral symptoms of adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities with the mental health of their mothers. Fragile X premutation carrier mothers of an adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome (n = 95), and mothers of a grown child with autism (n = 213) were included. Behavioral symptoms at Time 1 were hypothesized to predict maternal depressive symptoms at Time 3 via maternal executive dysfunction at Time 2. Results provided support for the mediating pathway of executive dysfunction...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094810/aberrant-development-of-intrinsic-brain-activity-in-a-rat-model-of-caregiver-maltreatment-of-offspring
#10
C-G Yan, M Rincón-Cortés, C Raineki, E Sarro, S Colcombe, D N Guilfoyle, Z Yang, S Gerum, B B Biswal, M P Milham, R M Sullivan, F X Castellanos
Caregiver maltreatment induces vulnerability to later-life psychopathology. Clinical and preclinical evidence suggest changes in prefrontal and limbic circuitry underlie this susceptibility. We examined this question using a rat model of maternal maltreatment and methods translated from humans, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI). Rat pups were reared by mothers provided with insufficient or abundant bedding for nest building from postnatal (PN) days 8 to 12 and underwent behavioral assessments of affect-related behaviors (forced swim, sucrose preference and social interaction) in adolescence (PN45) and early adulthood (PN60)...
January 17, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088755/hispanic-mothers-beliefs-regarding-hpv-vaccine-series-completion-in-their-adolescent-daughters
#11
A M Roncancio, K K Ward, C C Carmack, B T Muñoz, F L Cribbs
Rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion among adolescent Hispanic females in Texas in 2014 (∼39%) lag behind the Healthy People 2020 goal (80%). This qualitative study identifies Hispanic mothers' salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs regarding having their adolescent daughters complete the vaccine series. Thirty-two mothers of girls (aged 11-17) that had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine, completed in-depth interviews. Six girls had received one dose of the HPV vaccine, 10 girls had received two doses, and 16 girls had received all three doses...
January 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080100/metabolic-control-and-academic-achievement-over-time-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Joel B Winnick, Cynthia A Berg, Deborah J Wiebe, Barbara A Schaefer, Pui-Wa Lei, Jonathan E Butner
The relation between metabolic control (HbA1c) and achievement (grade point average [GPA]) was examined over a period of 2.5 years (every 6 months) employing a dynamical systems approach that allowed for the examination of whether HbA1c was associated with change in subsequent GPA and vice versa. Metabolic control tends to deteriorate (i.e., with higher HbA1c reflecting poorer metabolic control) during adolescence. It was hypothesized that these higher levels of HbA1c would limit subsequent increases in GPA...
January 12, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080082/parenting-and-later-substance-use-among-mexican-origin-youth-moderation-by-preference-for-a-common-language
#13
Thomas J Schofield, Rosa I Toro, Ross D Parke, Jeffrey T Cookston, William V Fabricius, Scott Coltrane
The primary goal of the current study was to test whether parent and adolescent preference for a common language moderates the association between parenting and rank-order change over time in offspring substance use. A sample of Mexican-origin 7th-grade adolescents (Mage = 12.5 years, N = 194, 52% female) was measured longitudinally on use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. Mothers, fathers, and adolescents all reported on consistent discipline and monitoring of adolescents. Both consistent discipline and monitoring predicted relative decreases in substance use into early adulthood but only among parent-offspring dyads who expressed preference for the same language (either English or Spanish)...
January 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080079/mother-father-and-adolescent-self-control-and-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Amy Hughes Lansing, Rebecca Crochiere, Carrie Cueto, Deborah J Wiebe, Cynthia A Berg
This study explored whether shared self-control across a family system, including adolescent, mother, and father self-control, as well as the interaction of mother and father self-control, was associated with ease of completing adherence tasks and the completion of adherence behaviors related to the Type 1 diabetes (T1D) regimen. One hundred thirty-seven adolescents (M = 13.48 years), mothers, and fathers completed a self-report measure of self-control, while adolescents also self-reported on ease of completing adherence tasks and the frequency with which they completed adherence tasks...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078167/a-novel-strategy-for-attenuating-opioid-withdrawal-in-neonates
#15
Giovanni C Santoro, Samarth Shukla, Krishna Patel, Jakub Kaczmarzyk, Stergiani Agorastos, Sandra Scherrer, Yoon Young Choi, Christina Veith, Joseph Carrion, Rebecca Silverman, Danielle Mullin, Mohamed Ahmed, Wynne K Schiffer, Jonathan D Brodie, Stephen L Dewey
The rate of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) has drastically increased over the past decade. The average hospital expense per NAS patient has tripled, while the number of babies born to opioid-dependent mothers has increased to 5 in 1000 births. Current treatment options are limited to opioid replacement and tapering. Consequently, we examined the efficacy of prenatal, low-dose and short-term vigabatrin (γ-vinyl GABA, GVG) exposure for attenuating these symptoms as well as the metabolic changes observed in the brains of these animals upon reaching adolescence...
August 2016: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076976/measuring-parenting-throughout-adolescence
#16
Martijn Van Heel, Patricia Bijttebier, Stephan Claes, Hilde Colpin, Luc Goossens, Wim Van Den Noortgate, Karine Verschueren, Karla Van Leeuwen
This study examined the structural validity of the parenting concept throughout adolescence. First, we examined whether an established five-dimension parenting model including support, proactive control, punitive control, harsh punitive control, and psychological control, showed longitudinal invariance across time (i.e., early, middle, and late adolescence) and measurement invariance across informants (i.e., mothers, fathers, and adolescents). Second, patterns of continuity and discontinuity in these dimensions were examined from the perspective of the different informants...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073717/quality-of-care-in-women-s-children-s-and-adolescent-health-methods-for-assessing-evaluation-and-implementation-in-west-africa-experience-in-the-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#17
Y P Guie, L Cisse, G Saki-Nekouressi, M Bucagu, G Landrivon, O Agbodjan-Prince
A tool developed by WHO was used to assess the quality of care for mothers, newborns, and children in some healthcare facilities in French-speaking Africa; this study led to the development of recommendations for the implementation of actions intended to resolve the problems observed and to optimize patient management. We report here the experience of the maternity units of the university hospital center of Treichville, in Abidjan, discuss the presentation of the results of the assessment, and make some recommendations as part of an action program...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#18
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069363/adolescent-booster-with-hepatitis-b-virus-vaccines-decreases-hbv-infection-in-high-risk-adults
#19
Yuting Wang, Taoyang Chen, Ling-Ling Lu, Minjie Wang, Dongmei Wang, Hongyu Yao, Chunsun Fan, Jun Qi, Yawei Zhang, Chunfeng Qu
BACKGROUND: Neutralizing antibodies (anti-HBs) after immunization with hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccines against HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) wane after 10-15years. We analyzed the effect of an adolescent booster given to vaccination-protected children born to mothers with different HBsAg-carrying status against HBV infection in their mature adulthood. METHODS: A total of 9793 individuals, who were HBsAg-negative at childhood (baseline) and donated blood samples, both during childhood and adulthood, from the vaccination group in "Qidong Hepatitis B Intervention Study", were enrolled...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068940/early-life-socioeconomic-environment-and-mammographic-breast-density
#20
Parisa Tehranifar, Barbara A Cohn, Julie D Flom, Angeline Protacio, Piera Cirillo, L H Lumey, Karin B Michels, Mary Beth Terry
BACKGROUND: Early life social environment may influence breast cancer through shaping risk factors operating in early life, adolescence and adulthood, or may be associated with breast cancer risk independent of known risk factors. We investigated the associations between early life socioeconomic status (SES) and mammographic density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer, and the extent to which these associations were independent of risk factors across the lifecourse. METHODS: We used data from an adult follow-up study of two U...
January 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
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