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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691865/does-natural-mentoring-matter-a-multilevel-meta-analysis-on-the-association-between-natural-mentoring-and-youth-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
L Van Dam, D Smit, B Wildschut, S J T Branje, J E Rhodes, M Assink, G J J M Stams
In this meta-analytic review, we examined the relation between natural mentoring and youth outcomes in four domains: academic and vocational functioning, social-emotional development, physical health, and psychosocial problems. Natural mentoring relationships are thought to foster positive youth development and buffer against the risks associated with the tumultuous years of adolescence. Two separate meta-analyses were conducted on the presence of a natural mentor and the quality of the natural mentoring relationship, including thirty studies from 1992 to present...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690606/the-role-of-knowledge-and-risk-beliefs-in-adolescent-e-cigarette-use-a-pilot-study
#2
Jacob A Rohde, Seth M Noar, Casey Horvitz, Allison J Lazard, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Erin L Sutfin
The use of e-cigarettes and other vaping devices among adolescents is an urgent public health problem due to the concern about adolescent exposure to nicotine. This study examined: (1) adolescents’ knowledge and beliefs about e-cigarette risks; and (2) whether knowledge and risk beliefs were associated with e-cigarette use. N = 69 adolescents completed a cross-sectional survey about e-cigarette knowledge, attitudes (i.e., risk beliefs), and behavior (KAB). Nearly half (47%) of the sample reported ever using e-cigarettes...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689317/negative-parental-attribution-and-emotional-dysregulation-in-chinese-early-adolescents-harsh-fathering-and-harsh-mothering-as-potential-mediators
#3
Mingzhong Wang, Jing Wang
The current study examined the potential mediating roles of harsh fathering and harsh mothering in the association between negative parental attribution and emotional dysregulation in Chinese adolescents and explored the moderating role of child gender on this indirect association. 864 students (367 girls, mean age = 13.55 years) with their parents were recruited as participants from two middle schools in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. The results demonstrated that both harsh fathering and harsh mothering could partially mediate the association between negative maternal attribution and child emotional dysregulation, whereas only harsh fathering could partially mediate the association between negative paternal attribution and child emotional dysregulation...
April 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683772/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-interpersonal-relationships-and-eating-disorder-symptom-severity-the-mediating-role-of-low-self-esteem-and-negative-mood
#4
Jade Pelletier Brochu, Dominique Meilleur, Giuseppina DiMeglio, Danielle Taddeo, Eric Lavoie, Julius Erdstein, Robert Pauzé, Caroline Pesant, Isabelle Thibault, Jean-Yves Frappier
Few studies have examined how the perceived quality of multiple interpersonal relationships is related to eating disorder (ED) symptom severity in adolescents and how psychological variables might influence these associations. The aim of this study is to determine whether the perceived level of trust, communication, and alienation in the relationship with one's mother, father, and peers are predictive of ED severity in adolescent females and to test the mediating effects of low self-esteem and negative mood on these associations...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683689/validating-parent-and-child-forms-of-the-parent-perception-inventory
#5
David A Cole, Sherryl H Goodman, Judy Garber, Katherine A Cullum, Sun-Joo Cho, Jason D Rights, Julia W Felton, Farrah M Jacquez, Katherine E Korelitz, Hannah F M Simon
Understanding parenting from both parent and child perspectives is critical to child clinical and developmental research. Similarities and differences between parents' and children's reports can be highly informative, but only if they derive from psychometrically sound measures that assess the same parenting constructs. We examined the psychometric properties of the child and parent forms of the Parenting Perception Inventory (Bruce et al., 2006), which measures perceptions of two higher-order dimensions: positive, warm, supportive parenting; and negative, harsh, critical parenting...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682922/parental-alcohol-drinking-habit-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#6
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Daniel C Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Gabrielle Mitchell, Ashley Belinfante, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: In Barbados and the wider Caribbean region, alcohol is widely consumed by adolescents and young people, including those in secondary schools. The high prevalence of alcohol use, and its potential adverse effects are a source of concern to policy makers and the general population, which calls for better understanding of the drivers of this problem. This study thus aimed at investigating whether parental alcohol drinking habit is a predictor of alcohol use among secondary school students in the country...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682917/are-adolescents-likely-to-start-smoking-early-if-their-parents-are-smokers-a-study-of-jamaican-high-school-students
#7
Chinwendu F Agu, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma Meka, Daniel C Oshi
Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking is high among adolescents in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. Age of initiation of cigarette smoking varies among adolescents. A number of factors has been reported to influence early age of initiation of cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine if parental smoking status was associated with early age of onset of cigarette smoking among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: Data from the Jamaican National School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 were analysed...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682853/prosocial-vs-antisocial-coping-and-general-life-satisfaction-of-youth-with-mild-intellectual-disability
#8
P Kurtek
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to find differences in general life satisfaction in adolescents with mild intellectual disability (MID) with respect to exhibiting a prosocial or an antisocial coping style. According to the ecological approach, using the antisocial style in a competitive school environment (a zero-sum game) may increase personal satisfaction, while in the family, which operates on the principles of 'common good' or 'common failure' (a non-zero-sum game), the antisocial style may reduce general satisfaction of the individual...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681245/pregnancy-risk-factors-related-to-autism-an-italian-case-control-study-in-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd-their-siblings-and-of-typically-developing-children
#9
E Grossi, L Migliore, F Muratori
This study, carried out in two Italian Institutions, assesses the frequency of 27 potential autism risk factors related to pregnancy and peri- and postnatal periods by interviewing mothers who had children with autism, children with autism and one or two typically developing siblings, or only typically developing children. The clinical sample included three case groups: 73 children and adolescents with autism (Group A), 35 children and adolescents with autism (Group A1) having 45 siblings (Group B) and 96 typically developing children (Group C) matched for gender and age...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#10
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678982/purpose-in-life-and-tobacco-use-among-community-dwelling-mothers-of-early-adolescents
#11
Yuko Morimoto, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Kaori Endo, Miharu Nakanishi, Stephani L Hatch, Marcus Richards, Kiyoto Kasai, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: The rising prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco-attributable deaths among women is of worldwide concern. In particular, smoking prevention for mothers in early midlife is a significant international public health goal. A higher sense of purpose in life (PIL) is thought to reduce detrimental health behaviours. However, little is known about the association between a sense of PIL and tobacco use. This study investigates this association among community-dwelling mothers of early adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675994/psychotic-like-experiences-in-pre-adolescence-what-precedes-the-antecedent-symptoms-of-severe-mental-illness
#12
K Bolhuis, M E Koopman-Verhoeff, L M E Blanken, D Cibrev, V W V Jaddoe, F C Verhulst, M H J Hillegers, S A Kushner, H Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent psychotic-like experiences predict the onset of psychosis, but also predict subsequent non-psychotic disorders. Therefore, it is crucial to better understand the aetiology of psychotic-like experiences. This study examined whether (a) child emotional and behavioural problems at 3 and 6 years, or (b) childhood adversities were associated with psychotic-like experiences at age 10 years. METHOD: This prospective study was embedded in the Generation R Study; 3984 children (mean age 10 years) completed a psychotic-like experiences questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674175/social-networking-sites-sns-as-a-tool-for-midwives-to-enhance-social-capital-for-adolescent-mothers
#13
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: to explore ways in which midwives can enhance the support provided by social networking sites for adolescent mothers. DESIGN: a narrative approach was employed to guide the research design and processes. Approval was obtained from Edith Cowan University human ethics department. SETTING: focus groups and interviews were undertaken with adolescent mothers and midwives in Western Australia. FINDINGS: the four key themes identified across both groups were validation by midwives, importance of ownership, enhanced community connections and the importance of guideline development...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#14
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664176/motor-performance-in-early-life-and-participation-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-up-to-age-68-years
#15
Ahmed Elhakeem, Rebecca Hardy, David Bann, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between motor performance in early life and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation across adulthood, and whether these changed with age. METHODS: Data were from 2526 participants from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. Motor indicators were mother-reported ages at first standing and walking, teacher-rated games ability at age 13, and finger- and foot-tapping speed at age 15...
April 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663349/longitudinal-model-predicting-self-concept-in-pediatric-chronic-illness
#16
Natacha D Emerson, Holly E R Morrell, Cameron Neece, Daniel Tapanes, Brian Distelberg
Although self-concept has been identified as salient to the psychosocial adjustment of adolescents dealing with a chronic illness (CI), little research has focused on its predictors it. Given that depression and parent-child attachment have been linked to self-concept in the population at large, the goal of this study was to evaluate these relationships longitudinally in a sample of adolescents with CI. Using participant data from the Mastering Each New Direction (MEND) program, a 3-month psychosocial, family based intensive outpatient program for adolescents with CI, we employed multilevel modeling to test longitudinal changes in self-concept, as predicted by depressive symptoms and parent-child attachment, in a sample of 50 youths (Mage  = 14...
April 16, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658761/longitudinal-associations-of-maternal-depression-and-adolescents-depression-and-behaviors-moderation-by-maltreatment-and-sex
#17
Ferol E Mennen, Sonya Negriff, Janet U Schneiderman, Penelope K Trickett
This study explored the longitudinal relationships among maternal depressive symptoms, children's depressive symptoms, aggression, and rule breaking and tested the moderating effects of maltreatment and child sex. A sample of 175 biological mother-child dyads (86 maltreated and 89 comparison) were seen at three time points, beginning at an average child age of 10.87 years. Results from cross-lagged models showed maternal depressive symptoms were related to higher levels of children's depressive symptoms but not children's aggression or rule breaking...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658760/child-internalizing-problems-and-mother-child-discrepancies-in-maternal-rejection-evidence-for-bidirectional-associations
#18
Sascha Hein, Logan Stone, Mei Tan, Baptiste Barbot, Suniya S Luthar, Elena L Grigorenko
We investigated the bidirectional associations between mother-child discrepancies in their perceptions of maternal rejection and children's internalizing problems over 10 years from pre/early adolescence to early adulthood. Mothers' reports of rejection and involvement in the parent-child relationship, the children's perception of the mother's rejection, and children's self-report of internalizing problems were collected from a sample of 360 low-income ethnically diverse urban mother-child dyads at three time points (T1, T2, and T3) with 5-year intervals...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#19
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650192/family-support-and-maternal-self-efficacy-of-adolescent-mothers
#20
Jehan Puspasari, Imami Nur Rachmawati, Tri Budiati
OBJECTIVE: To identify a correlation between family support and maternal self-efficacy of adolescent mothers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study applied a consecutive sampling technique. The sample was 100 primiparous adolescent mothers. Instruments utilized were structured questionnaires, including a demographic questionnaire, Maternal Efficacy Questionnaire (MEQ), Postpartum Support System, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (ICQ)...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
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