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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227837/even-in-early-childhood-offspring-alcohol-expectancies-correspond-to-parental-drinking
#1
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Research has found that children as young as preschoolers have an idea about the valence (positive vs. negative) and activation (arousal vs. sedation) of emotional change when adults drink alcohol. The development of alcohol expectancies at such a young age may be due to observed parental alcohol use. METHODS: Three measures of alcohol use (frequency, quantity and binge drinking) assessed among 115 fathers and 149 mothers were correlated with four alcohol expectancy factors (crossing valence and activation) of their offspring, aged three to six (70 boys and 82 girls)...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226569/children-born-by-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-have-increased-susceptibility-for-selected-chronic-diseases-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Line R Jølving, Jan Nielsen, Ulrik S Kesmodel, Rasmus G Nielsen, Signe S Beck-Nielsen, Bente M Nørgård
OBJECTIVE: Fetal exposure to maternal rheumatoid arthritis (RA) might impact the long-term risk of disease in the offspring. We examined a possible association between maternal RA and 15 selected groups of chronic diseases in the offspring. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study was based on the Danish health registries and included data on all children born alive in Denmark from January 1st 1989 to December 31st 2013. The cohort comprised 2106 children born by women with RA (exposed), and 1 378 539 children born by women without RA (unexposed)...
December 11, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226484/family-conflict-is-associated-with-longitudinal-changes-in-insular-striatal-functional-connectivity-during-adolescent-risk-taking-under-maternal-influence
#3
João F Guassi Moreira, Eva H Telzer
Maternal presence has marked effects on adolescent neurocognition during risk taking, influencing teenagers to make safer decisions. However, it is currently unknown whether maternal buffering changes over the course of adolescence itself, and whether its effects are robust to individual differences in family relationship quality. In the current longitudinal study, 23 adolescents completed a risk-taking task under maternal presence during an fMRI scan before and after the transition to high school. Behavioral results reveal that adolescent risk taking increased under maternal presence across a one-year period...
December 11, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220681/experience-of-caregiving-and-coping-strategies-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder-a-comparative-study
#4
Melissa Parks, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Julio César Sánchez, Montserrat Graell, Ana R Sepulveda
Caring for a relative with an eating disorder (ED) is associated with heightened psychological distress, which, according to a stress-coping model, may be influenced by coping and appraisal. However, limited quantitative studies have assessed coping in ED caregivers. This cross-sectional study aims to assess 1) the differences in coping between caregivers of three groups: patients with an ED, patients with a substance use disorder, and healthy teens, and 2) the patient and caregiver variables associated with coping and appraisal of the caregiving experience...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219248/-my-mother-told-me-that-i-should-not-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-restrictions-placed-on-adolescent-girls-living-with-hiv-in-zambia
#5
Constance Rs Mackworth-Young, Virginia Bond, Alison Wringe, Katongo Konayuma, Sue Clay, Chipo Chiiya, Mutale Chonta, Kirsty Sievwright, Anne L Stangl
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV due to a range of social and structural factors. As they transition to adulthood, they are recipients of increasing blame for HIV infection and 'improper' sex, as well as increasing scrutiny, restrictions and surveillance. This study used a qualitative and participatory approach to explore the messaging and restrictions imposed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. METHODS: Thirty-four in-depth interviews and four participatory workshops were carried out with 24 adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years old living with HIV in Lusaka, Zambia...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213035/-problems-of-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-a-view-through-the-prism-of-time
#6
V A Karlov, V S Zolovkina
The authors present a comparative analysis of the results of the study of 72 adolescent patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), which were published in 2010, and a new sample of patients over the last 5 years with the publications of domestic and foreign authors. Difficult clinical cases are described. These data indicate positive shifts in the diagnosis and treatment of JME. However, the question of diagnosis is still a hard problem for neurologists. The questions to be resolved are: gender aspect of the disease, to what extent levetiracetam could be a drug of first choice and to what extent valproats could be replaced; monitoring of children born to mothers with JME, a role of paternal inheritance...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212564/nurturant-involved-parenting-and-adolescent-substance-use-examining-an-internalizing-pathway-through-adolescent-social-anxiety-symptoms-and-substance-refusal-efficacy
#7
Bridget B Weymouth, Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Research has clearly established the important role of parents in preventing substance use among early adolescents. Much of this work has focused on deviance (e.g., antisocial behavior, delinquency, and oppositional behavior) as a central pathway linking parenting behaviors and early adolescent substance use. This study proposed an alternative pathway; using a four-wave longitudinal design, we examined whether nurturant-involved parenting (Fall sixth grade) was inversely associated with adolescent drunkenness, marijuana use, and cigarette use (eighth grade) through social anxiety symptoms (Spring sixth grade) and subsequent decreases in substance refusal efficacy (seventh grade)...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211180/factors-associated-with-first-sexual-intercourse-among-mothers-with-14-16-years-of-age-from-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#8
Mara Cristiany Rodrigues Spinola, Jorge Umberto Béria, Lígia Braun Schermann
This study analyzed the factors associated with first sexual intercourse among 427 mothers with 14-16 years of age from Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil. Data on adolescent socio-demographic status (skin color, religion and schooling gap) and reproductive aspects (age at menarche, age at first sexual intercourse, partnership in first sexual intercourse and partner's age) were collected through household survey. Data analysis was performed using bivariate and multivariate analysis through Poisson regression with robust variance...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207536/text-messaging-based-obesity-prevention-program-for-parents-of-pre-adolescent-african-american-girls
#9
Chishinga Callender, Deborah Thompson
African American girls are at a greater risk of obesity than their nonminority peers. Parents have the primary control over the home environment and play an important role in the child obesity prevention. Obesity prevention programs to help parents develop an obesity-preventive home environment are needed. The purpose of this study was to collect formative research from parents of 8-10-year old African American girls about perceptions, expectations, and content for a text messaging based program. Mothers (n = 30) participated in surveys and interviews to inform message development and content...
December 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204462/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-sources-of-information-and-adolescents-knowledge-and-perceptions
#10
Brittany L Rosen, Marcia L Shew, Gregory D Zimet, Lili Ding, Tanya L K Mullins, Jessica A Kahn
Understanding where adolescents obtain information about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines may be helpful in designing public health interventions promoting HPV vaccination. This study assessed the following: (1) exposure to specific sources of information about HPV vaccines, (2) self-reported helpfulness of these sources of information, and (3) whether the specific source of information was associated with knowledge and perceptions about HPV vaccines among adolescent girls. There were 339 adolescent girls (mean age = 16...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197107/developmental-stability-of-general-and-specific-factors-of-psychopathology-from-early-childhood-to-adolescence-dynamic-mutualism-or-p-differentiation
#11
Eoin McElroy, Jay Belsky, Natacha Carragher, Pasco Fearon, Praveetha Patalay
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates that the best-fitting structural model of psychopathology includes a general factor capturing comorbidity (p) and several more specific, orthogonal factors. Little is known about the stability of these factors, although two opposing developmental processes have been proposed: dynamic mutualism suggests that symptom-level interaction and reinforcement may lead to a strengthening of comorbidity (p) over time, whereas p-differentiation suggests a general vulnerability to psychopathology that gives way to increasingly distinct patterns of symptoms over time...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195632/parents-involvement-in-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-decision-for-their-sons
#12
Samara Perez, Hannah Restle, Anila Naz, Ovidiu Tatar, Gilla K Shapiro, Zeev Rosberger
OBJECTIVES: Parents are critical to ensure sufficient human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage. No studies to date have examined how mothers and fathers perceive their own, their partners' and their sons' involvement in HPV vaccination decision-making process. METHODS: An online survey methodology was used to collect data from a national sample of Canadian parents (33% fathers, 67% mothers, Mage=44) who had a 9-16years old son (n=3117). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Parent's perception of their self-involvement, partner-involvement and son's involvement in the decision to get their son the HPV vaccine were measured on a Likert scale and were classified as 'no involvement', 'moderate involvement' and 'high involvement'...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195170/risk-of-maltreatment-for-siblings-factors-associated-with-similar-and-different-childhood-experiences-in-a-dyadic-sample-of-adult-siblings
#13
Susanne Witte, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Walper
Siblings share the same environment and thus potentially a substantial number of risk factors for child maltreatment. Furthermore, the number of siblings and the sibling constellation itself might pose a risk for child maltreatment. Little is known about the likelihood that more than one child in a family is maltreated and which factors increase the risk. This study sought to investigate similarities and differences in maltreatment in siblings and risk factors associated with the maltreatment of more than one child from the same family...
November 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192551/parent-child-attachment-meta-analysis-of-associations-with-parenting-behaviors-in-middle-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
Amanda J Koehn, Kathryn A Kerns
Maternal sensitivity predicts mother-child attachment in young children, but no meta-analysis has investigated the link between parenting and parent-child attachment in older children. This study examined the relationship between parent-child attachment and multiple components of parenting in children 5-18 years of age. A series of meta-analyses showed that parents of children with more secure attachment are more responsive, more supportive of the child's autonomy, use more behavioral control strategies, and use less harsh control strategies...
December 1, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191180/white-affluent-educated-parents-are-least-likely-to-choose-hpv-vaccination-for-their-children-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-national-immunization-study-teen
#15
Echo L Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa M Pappas, Kevin Henry, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage is below national goals in the United States. Research is needed to inform strategically designed interventions that target sociodemographic groups with underutilization of HPV vaccination. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the National Immunization Survey-Teen 2013 measured association of sociodemographic factors (e.g., ethnicity/race, insurance) with HPV vaccination among females and males ages 13-17 (N = 18,959)...
December 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188403/maternal-acceptance-moderates-fear-ratings-and-avoidance-behavior-in-children
#16
Yaara Shimshoni, Wendy K Silverman, Simon P Byrne, Eli R Lebowitz
Avoidance is a hallmark feature of anxiety disorders, and avoidance-related impairment is often key to meeting diagnostic criteria. In children and adolescents with anxiety disorders, levels of avoidance vary considerably. Using a novel motion-tracking measure of avoidance behavior, we examined whether maternal acceptance, characterized by warm and accepting responses to child feelings and behaviors, moderates the association between fear of spiders and behavioral avoidance of spider stimuli in 103 clinically anxious children...
November 29, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178456/oral-health-related-behaviours-do-not-mediate-the-effect-of-maternal-education-on-adolescents-gingival-bleeding-a-birth-cohort-study
#17
Marco A Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Karen G Peres, Flavio F Demarco, Ana B Menezes
OBJECTIVES: To test whether maternal education has a direct effect on gingival bleeding in adolescents aged 12 and to assess whether oral health behaviours over time mediate that association. METHODS: Two oral health studies nested in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study were carried out in participants aged 6 (n = 359) and 12 years (n = 339). The proportion of teeth with bleeding on probing (BOP) and the median number of teeth with gingivitis at age 12 were recorded...
November 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176821/familial-transmission-of-a-body-related-attentional-bias-an-eye-tracking-study-in-a-nonclinical-sample-of-female-adolescents-and-their-mothers
#18
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that body image disturbance is transmitted from mother to daughter via modeling of maternal body-related behaviors and attitudes (indirect transmission) and via maternal body-related feedback (direct transmission). So far, the transmission of body-related attentional biases, which according to cognitive-behavioral theories play a prominent role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders, has not been analyzed. The current eye-tracking study applied the concepts of direct and indirect transmission to body-related attentional biases by examining body-related viewing patterns on self- and other-pictures within mother-daughter dyads...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176807/adolescent-motherhood-in-bangladesh-trends-and-determinants
#19
Mohammad Mainul Islam, Md Kamrul Islam, Mohammad Sazzad Hasan, Mohammad Bellal Hossain
BACKGROUND: While studies on fertility and contraceptives issues are available, until recently adolescent motherhood has not received enough attention among policy makers in understanding adolescent motherhood in Bangladesh. We aimed to examine the trends and determinants of adolescent motherhood among women aged 15-49 years. METHODS: For trend analysis we used all the 7 waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS, 1993-2014) data but for multivariate analysis 4 waves of BDHS (2004-2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174873/oral-sex-and-condom-use-in-a-u-s-national-sample-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Giuseppina Valle Holway, Stephanie M Hernandez
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine correlates associated with condom use at the last oral sex, as well as oral sex behavior, among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-24 years in the U.S. METHODS: Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and multinomial logistic regression were conducted using data collected from 3,816 females and 3,520 males in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth. RESULTS: More than half of AYAs had engaged in oral sex with an opposite-sex partner...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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