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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#1
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427728/with-a-little-help-from-my-child-a-dyad-approach-to-immigrant-mothers-and-adolescents-socio-cultural-adaptation
#2
Peter F Titzmann, Burkhard Gniewosz
Intergenerational adjustment theories suggest that immigrant adolescents may be particularly influential in their families, as they take on family obligations and serve as language brokers. Empirical research in this regard is, however, scarce. One aim of this study was to test whether adolescents' linguistic competence in German adds to the explanation of maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties in Germany. Another aim was to investigate whether the association between adolescents' linguistic competence and maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties differs depending on adolescents' involvement in family obligations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427374/prenatal-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescence-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1986-study
#3
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Satu Miettola, Anneli Pouta, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying parental and pregnancy-related factors remain largely unknown. We examined how prenatal determinants are associated with physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence. METHODS: Of the 16-year-old members of the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), 6682 singletons with no major physical disability reported their amount of physical activity outside school hours, and 4706 completed a submaximal cycle ergometer test assessing cardiorespiratory fitness...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416037/birth-weight-biological-maturation-and-obesity-in-adolescents-a-mediation-analysis
#5
A O Werneck, D R P Silva, P J Collings, R A Fernandes, E R V Ronque, M J Coelho-E-Silva, L B Sardinha, E S Cyrino
This study was aimed to investigate associations between birth weight and multiple adiposity indicators in youth, and to examine potential mediating effects by biological maturation. This was a school-based study involving 981 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Birth weight was reported retrospectively by mothers. Maturation was estimated by age of peak height velocity. Adiposity indicators included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and percent body fat estimated from triceps and subscapular skinfolds...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414512/adolescents-intergenerational-narratives-across-cultures
#6
Elaine Reese, Robyn Fivush, Natalie Merrill, Qi Wang, Helena McAnally
Adolescents' intergenerational narratives-the stories they tell about their mothers' and fathers' early experiences-are an important component of their identities (Fivush & Merrill, 2016; Merrill & Fivush, 2016). This study explored adolescents' intergenerational narratives across cultures. Adolescents aged 12 to 21 from 3 cultural groups in New Zealand (Chinese: n = 88; Māori: n = 91; European: n = 91) narrated stories about their mothers' and fathers' childhood experiences. In these narratives, New Zealand Chinese and Māori adolescents included more identity connections (statements linking their own identities to their parents' experiences) than did New Zealand European adolescents, and New Zealand Chinese adolescents' intergenerational narratives were more coherent than were New Zealand European and Māori adolescents' narratives...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#7
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414000/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-toddler-behavior-problems-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress
#8
M Ann Easterbrooks, Molly K Crossman, Alessandra Caruso, Maryna Raskin, Claudia Miranda-Julian
Maternal mind-mindedness (MM) reflects a caregiver's tendency to view a child as an individual with an independent mind. Research has linked higher MM with more favorable parenting and child adaptation. The aim of this study was to examine whether MM was associated with toddlers' behavior problems and competence, and the moderating role of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample (N = 212) of adolescent mothers and their toddlers. MM was coded from maternal utterances during free play; mothers completed the University of California at Los Angeles Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and reported on children's behavior problems and competence using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413312/low-income-african-american-adolescent-mothers-depressive-symptoms-perceived-stress-and-social-support
#9
Christie Campbell-Grossman, Diane Brage Hudson, Kevin A Kupzyk, Sara E Brown, Kathleen M Hanna, Bernice C Yates
The purpose of this descriptive repeated-measures study was to describe depressive symptom patterns and report changes over time in levels of perceived stress and social support depending on patterns of depressive symptoms in single, low-income, African American, adolescent mothers during the initial, 6-month postpartum period. Thirty-five adolescent subjects between the ages of 16 and 22 years old were recruited at health care clinics in two Midwestern cities. Data collections by advanced practice nurses were completed at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postpartum at mothers' homes...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412876/effect-of-breastfeeding-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#10
Heather L Sipsma, Elizabeth Ruiz, Krista Jones, Urania Magriples, Trace Kersahw
PURPOSE: To describe the association between breastfeeding and postpartum depressive symptoms among a sample of adolescent and young adult mothers and to determine whether breastfeeding difficulty moderates this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were derived from a prospective cohort of pregnant adolescent and young adult females (ages 14-21) as they transitioned to parenthood. This analysis uses data collected during pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum among mothers (n = 137) who initiated breastfeeding...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410333/perceived-stress-parent-adolescent-young-adult-communication-and-family-resilience-among-adolescents-young-adults-who-have-a-parent-with-cancer-in-taiwan-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Chin-Mi Chen, Bao-Feng Du, Ching-Liang Ho, Wei-Jen Ou, Yue-Cune Chang, Wei-Ching Chen
BACKGROUND: Family resilience helps family members successfully overcome adversity, for example, chronic disease or unpleasant situations. However, few studies have identified correlates of family resilience among adolescents/young adults having a parent with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study explored (1) relationships among family resilience, adolescents' perceived stress, and parent-adolescent/young adult communication; (2) trends in family resilience with data collection time; and (3) differences in parent-adolescent/young adult communication by parent gender (ie, father or mother)...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406670/latent-difference-score-modeling-a-flexible-approach-for-studying-informant-discrepancies
#12
Amaranta de Haan, Peter Prinzie, Miranda Sentse, Joran Jongerling
The current study proposes a flexible approach to studying informant discrepancies: Latent Difference Scores modeling (LDS). The LDS approach is demonstrated using an empirical example in which associations between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent discrepant parenting perceptions, and concurrent and later adolescent externalizing behaviors, were investigated. Early adolescents (N = 477, aged 12-15 years), mothers (N = 470), and fathers (N = 440) filled out questionnaires about mothers' and fathers' parenting...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#13
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401837/new-insight-on-intergenerational-attachment-from-a-relationship-based-analysis
#14
Heidi N Bailey, George M Tarabulsy, Greg Moran, David R Pederson, Sandi Bento
Research on attachment transmission has focused on variable-centered analyses, where hypotheses are tested by examining linear associations between variables. The purpose of this study was to apply a relationship-centered approach to data analysis, where adult states of mind, maternal sensitivity, and infant attachment were conceived as being three components of a single, intergenerational relationship. These variables were assessed in 90 adolescent and 99 adult mother-infant dyads when infants were 12 months old...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401834/a-process-model-of-the-implications-of-spillover-from-coparenting-conflicts-into-the-parent-child-attachment-relationship-in-adolescence
#15
Meredith J Martin, Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Patrick T Davies, Christine V Romero, Abigail Buckholz
Drawing on a two-wave, multimethod, multi-informant design, this study provides the first test of a process model of spillover specifying why and how disruptions in the coparenting relationship influence the parent-adolescent attachment relationship. One hundred ninety-four families with an adolescent aged 12-14 (M age = 12.4) were followed for 1 year. Mothers and adolescents participated in two experimental tasks designed to elicit behavioral expressions of parent and adolescent functioning within the attachment relationship...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398998/pediatric-treatment-scale-up-the-unfinished-agenda-of-the-global-plan
#16
Martina Penazzato, Anouk Amzel, Elaine J Abrams, Karusa Kiragu, Shaffiq Essajee, Irene Mukui, Peter Elyanu, Anath A Rwebembera, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha
Five million children have died of AIDS-related causes since the beginning of the epidemic. In 2011, the Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive (Global Plan) created the political environment to catalyze both the resources and commitment to end pediatric AIDS. Implementation and scale-up have encountered substantial hurdles, however, which have resulted in slow progress. Reasons include a lack of emphasis on testing outside of prevention of mother-to-child transmission services, an overall lack of integration and coordination with other services, a lack of training among providers, low confidence in caring for children living with HIV, and a lack of appropriate formulations for pediatric antiretrovirals...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398993/prevention-of-hiv-in-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-key-to-an-aids-free-generation
#17
Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Cheryl Baxter, Deborah Birx
The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) has ensured that more infants in high-HIV burden countries survive childhood HIV-free. Although equal numbers of boy and girl children have survived to age 10, a gender divergence starts to emerge as they enter adolescence. Up to 3 times as many young women aged 15-24 years in eastern and southern Africa are living with HIV compared with their male peers. Further, more adolescent girls and young women are sick and/or dying from AIDS-related or HIV-related complications during pregnancy and in the postpartum period, underscoring the importance of strengthening HIV treatment and prevention services for this group...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394673/psychosocial-factors-related-to-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-externalizing-behaviors-in-early-midlife
#18
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Neo K Morojele, Mario De La Rosa, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
BACKGROUND: To study the intergenerational transmission of externalizing behaviors. METHODS: Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in two upstate New York counties (N = 548). Data were collected from mothers at mean age 40 and from their children from adolescence (mean age = 14, SD = 2.8) to early midlife (mean age = 43, SD = 2.8) at seven time points. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to study the psychosocial factors as related to externalizing behaviors in early midlife...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393752/maternal-depression-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-depression-the-role-of-stress-responses-in-youth-risk-and-resilience
#19
Jennifer D Monti, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the independent and interactive contributions of maternal depression and youth stress responses to trajectories of youth depression in adolescence. Youths (n = 165, M age = 12.43, SD = 1.18) and their maternal caregivers participated in a 4-year longitudinal study. Mothers and youths were administered diagnostic interviews assessing depression, and youths provided reports of their responses to peer stress. Consistent with an interactive model, adaptive responses to stress (high effortful engagement and low involuntary disengagement) buffered the effect of maternal depression on initial levels and trajectories of youth depression, with gender differences emerging...
April 10, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393325/parent-offspring-transmission-of-internalizing-and-sensory-over-responsivity-symptoms-in-adolescence
#20
Carol A Van Hulle, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H Hill Goldsmith
Reactions to sensory experiences are an overlooked correlate of affective regulation, despite the importance of bodily states on psychological processes. Children who display sensory over-responsivity (i.e., adverse reactions to typical sensations) are at greater risk for developing affective disorders. We extended this literature to adolescents and their middle-aged parents. Participants in a birth record-based study of families of adolescent twins (N = 506 families; 1012 adolescents; 53% female) completed a subset of items from the Adult Sensory Profile...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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