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Adolescent mother

Karolien Van De Maele, Roland Devlieger, Inge Gies
The offspring of women with obesity during their pregnancy are exposed to an altered intra-uterine environment. A subsequent influence on the cardiovascular development during fetal life is assumed. In the present thematic review, we report on the current knowledge about this early development of cardiovascular disease from fetal life until adolescence. Based on animal studies, different contributing mechanisms have been hypothesized that still need confirmation in human subjects. Insulin resistance, increased levels of leptin, chronic inflammatory state, perturbation of sympathetic tone and epigenetic modifications contribute to a suboptimal nutrient environment and changed hemodynamics...
June 9, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Anna K Hochgraf, Susan M McHale, Gregory M Fosco
Weight concerns are common among adolescents and are associated with a range of negative psychological and physical health outcomes. Self-esteem is one correlate of weight concerns, yet prospective research has not yet documented the direction of this association over the course of adolescence or whether this association differs by gender. This study sought to clarify the role of self-esteem in the development of adolescents' weight concerns and investigate the potentially protective role of father and mother responsiveness, another documented correlate of weight concerns...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Erica Sedlander, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Rajiv N Rimal, Hina Shaikh, Wolfgang Munar
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the proportion of Ethiopian women using contraceptive methods has increased substantially (from 14% in 2005 to 35% in 2016 among married women). Numerous factors have contributed to the increased uptake. An important one is the implementation of the Health Extension Program, a government-led health service delivery strategy that has deployed more than 38,000 health extension workers (HEWs) throughout the country. Key mechanisms underlying the success of this program are not well understood...
June 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
Laura Del Hoyo Soriano, Angela John Thurman, Danielle Jenine Harvey, W Ted Brown, Leonard Abbeduto
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by a mutation in the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome, leading to decreased levels of FMR1 protein (FMRP), which causes the array of neuropsychological impairments that define FXS. Because FXS is an X-linked condition, fewer females display FXS and females with FXS are more mildly affected than males, on average. However, there is a considerable variability in terms of severity of affectedness among females with FXS. The current study was designed to investigate potential genetic (FMRP level and ratio of affected to total chromosomes) and environmental factors (maternal psychological distress and closeness in the mother-child relationship) influencing the cognitive (fluid and crystallized intelligence) and behavioral (anxiety and withdrawal) phenotype of females with FXS...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Claudia Corti, Geraldina Poggi, Romina Romaniello, Sandra Strazzer, Cosimo Urgesi, Renato Borgatti, Alessandra Bardoni
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric brain damage is associated with various cognitive deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation may prevent and reduce cognitive impairment. In recent years, home-based computerized cognitive training (CCT) has been introduced in clinical practice to increase treatment opportunities for patients (telerehabilitation). However, limited research has been conducted thus far on investigating the effects of remote CCT for the juvenile population in contexts other than English-speaking countries...
2018: PloS One
Paula Sarreira-de-Oliveira, Manuela Néné
OBJECTIVE: Describe the processes of translation to the Portuguese language and cultural adaptation of the Postpartum Learning Needs (PLN) to the Portuguese context. METHOD: Methodological study of an instrument that was constructed and validated in Jordan. Here are presented the procedures referring to linguistic, semantic and cultural validation, involving the stages of translation from English to European Portuguese, synthesis of translations, back-translation to the original language, expert committee, and pre-testing...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Wanpen Suttikomin, Preeya Leelahagul, Suphawan Khamvang, Chamnong Chaimongkol, Nanticha Chaiwut
Background: Obesity and hyperuricemia are the precipitating factors of multiple disease processes. Studies on the relationship between obesity and hyperuricemia in Thai adolescents are limited. Objective: The objective is to investigate the gender differences in obesity and serum uric acid as well as the relationship between obesity and serum uric acid levels in secondary school-age students. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 689 secondary school-age students; 313 boys and 376 girls...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Chishinga Callender, Deborah Thompson
Obesity prevalence is greater in African American girls than their non-Hispanic white peers. Obesity prevention programs are needed to help parents create an obesity-preventive home environment. This paper reports the feasibility and acceptability of a mHealth child obesity prevention program consisting of self-determination theory-grounded text messages promoting a healthy home food and activity environment to parents of 8⁻10-year-old African American girls. A one-group design with baseline and immediate post-intervention assessments was utilized...
June 19, 2018: Children
Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ali Evren Tufan, Gulen Guler, Osman Ozgur Yalin, Ebru Altintas, Harika Gozukara Bag, Derya Uluduz, Fevziye Toros, Nurgul Aytan, Ozgur Kutuk, Aynur Ozge
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuro-developmental disorder related to internalizing and externalizing disorders as well as somatic complaints and disorders. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of headache subtypes, epilepsy, atopic disorders, motion sickness and recurrent abdominal pain among children and adolescents with ADHD and their parents. METHODS: In a multi-center, cross-sectional, familial association study using case-control design, treatment naïve children and adolescents between 6 and 18 years of age diagnosed with ADHD according to the DSM-5 criteria as well as age- and gender-matched healthy controls and their parents were evaluated by a neurologist and analyzed accordingly...
June 16, 2018: Brain & Development
Stefanos Mastrotheodoros, Jolien Van der Graaff, Maja Deković, Wim H J Meeus, Susan J T Branje
Parent-child relationships change during adolescence. Furthermore, parents and adolescents perceive parenting differently. We examined the changes in perceptions of parental practices in fathers, mothers, and adolescents during adolescence. Furthermore, we investigated if fathers', mothers', and adolescents' perceptions converge during adolescence. Following 497 families across six waves (ages 13-18), we investigated the development of parental support and behavioral control using mother and father self-reports, and adolescent reports for mothers and fathers...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Kayla N Anderson, Martha A Rueter, Jennifer J Connor, Ascan F Koerner
Growing use of in vitro fertilization (IVF) has resulted in an elevated twin birth rate, and a burgeoning population of IVF twins who are now aging into adolescence and beyond. This study tests a model examining whether parental conformity expectations have differential effects on twins' versus singletons' parent-adolescent relationship satisfaction, and if this effect is indirectly associated with relative changes in twins' and singletons' internalizing and externalizing behavior from middle childhood to adolescence...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Beatrice Wamuyu Muchiri, Monika M L Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: An increasingly recognised prevention approach for substance use entails a reduction in risk factors, and the enhancement of promotive, or protective factors in individuals and the environment surrounding them during their growth and development. METHODS: This exploratory study evaluated the effect of potential risk and protective factors associated with family management relating to adolescent substance use in South Africa. Exploratory analysis and cumulative odds ordinal logistic regression modelling was performed on the data, while controlling for the influence of demographic and socio-economic characteristics on adolescent substance use...
June 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Bin-Bin Chen
This study explored how maternal involvement in sibling relationships and coparenting behaviors were associated with adolescents' sibling conflicts. Adolescents (Mage  = 12.25 years; 47.8% boys) and their mothers from 542 families in China participated in this research. Mothers completed questionnaires that assessed their strategies of involvement in sibling relationships, as well as their perceptions of the quality of their coparenting behaviors. Furthermore, adolescents completed questionnaires that assessed sibling conflicts...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Marwan O Jalambo, Norimah A Karim, Ihab A Naser, Razinah Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID) and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents in the Gaza Strip, Palestine, as well as the risk factors involved in these conditions. DESIGN: The study was conducted using the quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using an FFQ and sociodemographic, sedentary behaviour and physical activity questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements and blood analyses were also conducted...
June 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Katherine Y Lin, Sarah A Burgard
In this study, we bring a life course approach to work-family research and ask how work-home spillover changes as men and women move through different parenting stages. We use two waves of the Mid-Life in the United States Study (MIDUS I and II, 1996-2004, N=1,319) and estimate change-score models to document the association between five parenting transitions (becoming a parent, starting to parent a school-aged child, an adolescent, young adult, or adult child) and changes in both positive and negative work-to-home (WHS) and home-to-work (HWS) spillover, testing for gender differences in these associations...
March 2018: Advances in Life Course Research
Kathrine L Barnes, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Shannon Stokley, Elizabeth R Vickers, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Casper G Bendixsen
BACKGROUND: Parental attitudes play a key role in their decisions to vaccinate adolescents against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Little is known, however, about the formative experiences that shape parents' attitudes about the HPV vaccine. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 parents of 11-17 year old adolescents in Wisconsin who changed their HPV vaccine attitudes (per prior surveys) over one year. A modified grounded theory approach was then used to generate primary themes of attitudinal determinants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Paulo Nadanovsky, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Katia Vergetti Bloch
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported gingival bleeding in a representative sample of 12-17-year-old Brazilian adolescents MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sociodemographic and oral health information were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents. The adolescents answered "yes" or "no" to the question "Do your gums bleed?" RESULTS: 74,589 of the 102,327 eligible adolescents answered the questionnaire and 18...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Xuting Cheng, Hong Wang, Baocheng Yuan, Peiyu Guan, Lingyi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and family factors on metabolic syndrome( MS) in children and adolescents for Chongqing City. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1309 children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old for physical examination( height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure), blood biochemical examination( fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol)and questionnaire for family factors( breast feeding, delivery mode, birth weight, education of parents, height and weight of parents, family history of hypertension and diabetes, and so on)...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
András Láng
Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Machiavellianism is an antagonistic and socially aversive personality trait. Machiavellianism has been linked to unfavourable outcomes in several different types of relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, workplace relationships)...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Man Ki Kwok, C Mary Schooling, S V Subramanian, Gabriel M Leung, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In economically developed settings, household income is usually inversely associated with child and adolescent adiposity, but this association may not extend to migrants. Hong Kong is a unique developed setting to study how household income and adolescent adiposity vary by migrant status given many Hong Kong-born Chinese children were born to parents who migrated from neighboring provinces of Mainland China. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We examined differences between the associations of absolute household income vs...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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