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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052120/can-parenting-microprotections-buffer-against-adolescents-experiences-of-racial-discrimination
#1
Aryn M Dotterer, Anthony James
Previous research highlights the importance and pervasiveness of racial discrimination for minority youth in the United States. Adolescents may experience either personal or group race-based discrimination. While past research found both forms of discrimination are harmful to well-being it is unknown whether parental microprotections, which may buffer against the negative effects of discrimination, protect against both forms of discrimination. Informed by ecological frameworks the present study examined whether parent microprotections (parental warmth/acceptance, cultural socialization, preparation for bias) buffered the effects of personal and group discrimination on adolescents' depressive symptoms...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049860/could-we-use-parent-report-as-a-valid-proxy-of-child-report-on-anxiety-depression-and-distress-a-systematic-investigation-of-father-mother-child-triads-in-children-successfully-treated-for-leukemia
#2
Cybelle Abate, Sarah Lippé, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Maja Krajinovic, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Systematic assessment of emotional distress is recommended in after care. Yet, it is unclear if parent report may be used as a proxy of child report. The aim of this study was to assess agreements and differences and explore possible moderators of disagreement between child and parent ratings. METHODS: Sixty-two young survivors treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (9-18 years) and both parents responded to the Beck Youth Inventory (anxiety and depression) and the distress rating scale on the child's status...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048542/adolescent-information-management-and-parental-knowledge-in-non-latino-white-and-latino-youth-managing-type-1-diabetes
#3
Christy Tucker, Deborah J Wiebe, Alexandra Main, Alyssa G Lee, Perrin C White
The objective of this study is to examine associations between adolescents' regulation of information about their type 1 diabetes (adolescent disclosure, secrecy), parental knowledge about their adolescent's diabetes management, diabetes outcomes (adherence, HbA1c), and depressive symptoms in Non-Latino White and Latino families. In all, 118 adolescents (56 = Latino, 62 = Non-Latino White) completed surveys of disclosure to and secrecy from parents, parental knowledge of adolescent diabetes management, adherence, and depressive symptoms, and mothers completed measures of maternal knowledge and adolescent adherence...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048506/the-comfort-ability-pain-management-workshop-a-preliminary-nonrandomized-investigation-of-a-brief-cognitive-biobehavioral-and-parent-training-intervention-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#4
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak, Joe Kossowsky, Christina Iversen, Carolina Donado
Objective: Psychological intervention is widely recognized as an integral part of the recovery process from pediatric chronic pain, but service acquisition is often limited by resource barriers. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a brief, structured, skills-based, group intervention designed expressly to address gaps in service delivery. Exploratory outcomes were also assessed. Method: Adolescents with chronic pain (n = 102; ages 10-17 years) and their mothers (n = 105) completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 1-week, 1-month, and 3-month posttreatment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048481/parental-bonding-in-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#5
Subhadra Evans, Claudia Moloney, Laura C Seidman, Lonnie K Zeltzer, Jennie C I Tsao
Parental responses influence children's pain; however, the specific role of parental bonding in pediatric pain has not been examined. Depressive symptomology is frequently reported in children with chronic pain (CP) and may play a role in the relationship between parental bonding and pain. This study examined the connections between maternal/paternal bonding (perceived care and control) and symptoms of pain and depression in adolescents with CP and in healthy adolescents. Participants included 116 adolescents (aged 12-17) with CP ( n  = 55) and without ( n  = 61)...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048179/constellations-of-dyadic-relationship-quality-in-stepfamilies-a-factor-mixture-model
#6
Todd M Jensen
Stepfamilies are an increasingly common family form, marked by distinct challenges, opportunities, and complex networks of dyadic relationships that can transcend single households. There exists a dearth of typological analyses by which constellations of dyadic processes in stepfamilies are holistically analyzed. Factor mixture modeling is used to identify population heterogeneity with respect to features of mother-child, stepfather-child, nonresident father-child, and stepcouple relationships using a representative sample of 1,182 adolescents in mother-stepfather families with living nonresident fathers from Wave I of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046229/fetal-overnutrition-and-adolescent-hepatic-fat-fraction-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-in-children-study
#7
Anna Bellatorre, Ann Scherzinger, Elizabeth Stamm, Mercedes Martinez, Brandy Ringham, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fetal overnutrition resulting from maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased liver fat during adolescence, adjusting for past and current metabolic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a historical prospective cohort study (Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children) of 254 mother-child pairs in Colorado who participated in 2 research visits at T1 (mean age 10.4, SD = 1.5 years) and at T2 (mean age 16...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044733/shyness-preference-for-solitude-and-adolescent-internalizing-the-roles-of-maternal-paternal-and-best-friend-support
#8
Matthew G Barstead, Kelly A Smith, Brett Laursen, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Shakeena King, Kenneth H Rubin
The researchers examined differential outcomes related to two distinct motivations for withdrawal (preference for solitude and shyness) as well as the possibility that support from important others (mothers, fathers, and best friends) attenuate any such links. Adolescents (159 males, 171 females) reported on their motivations to withdraw, internalizing symptoms, and relationship quality in eighth grade, as well as their anxiety and depression in ninth grade. Using structural equation modeling, the authors found that maternal support weakened the association between shyness and internalizing problems; friend support weakened the association between preference for solitude and depression; and friend support strengthened the association between shyness and depression...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043917/parenting-and-adolescents-depressive-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-future-time-perspective
#9
Loredana R Diaconu-Gherasim, Colleen M Bucci, Kathryn R Giuseppone, Laura E Brumariu
This study investigated the relations between maternal and paternal rearing practices and adolescents' depressive symptoms, and whether time perspective in adolescence explains these links. The sample included 306 students (158 girls), aged between 10.83 and 14.42 years. Adolescents completed questionnaires assessing their perceptions of maternal and paternal acceptance and psychological control, and of their future time perspective and depressive symptoms. Adolescents who rated their mothers as more accepting and those who rated their fathers as less psychologically controlling also reported lower levels of depressive symptoms and greater future time perspective...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042824/family-profiles-in-eating-disorders-family-functioning-and-psychopathology
#10
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Mimma Tafà, Eleonora Marzilli, Giulia Ballarotto, Fabrizia Bracaglia
Research has studied family functioning in families of patients suffering from eating disorders (EDs), particularly investigating the associations between mothers' and daughters' psychopathological symptoms, but limited studies have examined whether there are specific maladaptive psychological profiles characterizing the family as a whole when it includes adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). Through the collaboration of a network of public and private consultants, we recruited n=181 adolescents diagnosed for EDs (n=61 with AN, n=60 with BN, and n=60 with BEDs) and their parents...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038315/adiposity-dysmetabolic-traits-and-earlier-onset-of-female-puberty-in-adolescent-offspring-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#11
Louise G Grunnet, Susanne Hansen, Line Hjort, Camilla M Madsen, Freja B Kampmann, Anne Cathrine B Thuesen, Charlotta Granstrømi, Marin Strøm, Ekaterina Maslova, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Peter Damm, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Allan Vaag
OBJECTIVE: Offspring of pregnancies affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of the development of type 2 diabetes. However, the extent to which these dysmetabolic traits may be due to offspring and/or maternal adiposity is unknown. We examined body composition and associated cardiometabolic traits in 561 9- to 16-year-old offspring of mothers with GDM and 597 control offspring. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured anthropometric characteristics; puberty status; blood pressure; and fasting glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and lipids levels; and conducted a DEXA scan in a subset of the cohort...
October 16, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035758/adherence-to-a-dash-style-diet-in-relation-to-depression-and-aggression-in-adolescent-girls
#12
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Mehraneh Mehramiz, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Mohsen Mazidi, Amirhosein Ziaee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Gordon A Ferns, Fatemeh Moharreri, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls. The study was carried out among 580 girls aged between 12 and 18 years of age. DASH scores were determined according to the method of Fung et al. A Persian version of the Beck Depression Inventory and Buss-Perry questionnaire were used for the assessment of depression and aggression. We analysed our data using crude and adjusted models...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035105/racial-ethnic-differences-in-early-life-mortality-in-the-united-states
#13
Richard G Rogers, Elizabeth M Lawrence, Robert A Hummer, Andrea M Tilstra
U.S. early-life (ages 1-24) deaths are tragic, far too common, and largely preventable. Yet demographers have focused scant attention on U.S. early-life mortality patterns, particularly as they vary across racial and ethnic groups. We employed the restricted-use 1999-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and hazard models to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life mortality. Our results reveal that these disparities are large, strongly related to differences in parental socioeconomic status, and expressed through different causes of death...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034536/family-functioning-and-relationship-quality-for-adolescents-in-family-based-treatment-with-severe-anorexia-nervosa-compared-with-non-clinical-adolescents
#14
Andrew Wallis, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen Touyz
This longitudinal study explored family functioning and relationship quality for adolescents with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). An important outcome given healthy family functioning supports effective adolescent development. Fifty-four female adolescents and their parents, treated with family-based treatment after inpatient admission, and 49 non-clinical age-matched adolescents and their parents were compared at assessment and 6 months after session 20. At baseline, AN group mothers and fathers reported poorer family function...
October 16, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033465/parental-modeling-and-deidentification-in-romantic-relationships-among-mexican-origin-youth
#15
Sally I-Chun Kuo, Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Susan M McHale, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Norma J Perez-Brena
This study investigated youth's modeling of and de-identification from parents in romantic relationships, using two phases of data from adolescent siblings, mothers, and fathers in 246 Mexican-origin families. Each parent reported his/her marital satisfaction and conflict, and youth reported on parent-adolescent warmth and conflict at Time 1. Youth's reports of modeling of and de-identification from their mothers and fathers and three romantic relationship outcomes were assessed at Time 2. Findings revealed that higher parental marital satisfaction, lower marital conflict, and higher warmth and lower conflict in parent-adolescent relationships were associated with more modeling and less de-identification from parents...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032185/the-moderating-effects-of-acculturation-on-the-relation-of-parenting-strategies-to-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-in-hispanic-daughters
#16
Norma Olvera, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Mijin Kim, Alexandria Posada, Madeline Rancine, Consuelo Arbona
There is a dearth of research regarding the association of child and parent traits to the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors among minority girls with obesity. This study examined the moderating effects of mothers' and daughters' acculturation in the relation of parenting strategies (setting limits, monitoring and discipline) to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic girls with obesity. Participants included 148 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads (Mage = 39.1, SD = 6.4 years; Mage = 11.3, SD = 1...
October 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028591/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-parents-and-adolescents-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake-a-longitudinal-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#17
Xuliang Shi, Ya Zhou, Fulei Geng, Yuanyuan Li, Jieying Zhou, Binbin Lei, Siyi Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined the association between parents' and children's posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) after a variety of traumatic events. However, longitudinal parent-child dyadic studies are scarce. METHODS: Independent self-reports were collected from parent-adolescent dyads (n = 688) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Adolescents (Mean = 15.22 years; 61.63% female) and one of their parents (Mean = 41.04 years; 58.14% female) each reported on their PTSS at 12 (T12m) and 18 months (T18m) following the earthquake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026748/knowledge-and-awareness-regarding-menstruation-and-hiv-aids-among-schoolgoing-adolescent-girls
#18
Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#19
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024955/offspring-risk-of-obesity-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-relation-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-sex-specific-association
#20
Shanshan Li, Yeyi Zhu, Edwina Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Changzheng Yuan, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, James L Mills, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Animal data suggest sexually dimorphic programming of obesity in response to altered intrauterine environment, but the longitudinal impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on sex-specific risk of offspring obesity in humans is unclear. Methods: We conducted a prospective analysis of 15 009 US individuals (7946 female and 7063 male) from the Growing-Up Today Study, who were followed from 1996 (ages 9-14 years) through 2010. Height and weight from validated questionnaires were used to derive body mass index (BMI) at different ages...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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