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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346163/sleep-and-mental-health-the-moderating-role-of-perceived-adolescent-parent-attachment
#1
Kelly M Tu, Brian T Marks, Mona El-Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether the effects of sleep duration and quality on adolescent adjustment were moderated by perceived attachment to mothers and fathers. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from small town and semirural communities in Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 106 adolescents (mean age=13.61 years, SD=.73; 55% girls; 28% African American, 72% European American) and their parents...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344844/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-parental-support-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-chinese-dual-earner-families
#2
Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: In contemporary China, most parents are dual-earner couples and there is only one child in the family. We aimed to examine the associations of parents' work stress with suicidal ideation among the corresponding adolescent. We further hypothesized that low parental support experienced by adolescents may mediate the associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from school students and their working parents were used, with 907 families from Kunming City, China...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342737/are-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-associated-with-urinary-symptoms-in-their-mothers
#3
Ariane S Sampaio, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Bruno A Salomão, Júlia B Oliveira, Camila L Seixas, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo B Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: The association between parents who suffered daytime incontinence as children and children who are incontinence has been reported. However, the association of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children and urinary symptoms in mothers has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the children of mothers with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are more likely to have urinary symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in two cities in Brazil...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342146/religious-practice-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adolescent-girls
#4
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Fariba Alizadeh Sharajabad, Favziye Sanaati
This study aimed to determine the relationship between religious practice and health-related quality of life in adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2014-2015. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students who were selected using the random sampling method. Religious practice and health-related quality of life questionnaires were used for data collection. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between health-related quality of life and received religious support, religiosity, father's and mother's education, father's occupation, family economic status, and the number of children...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338795/-mom-i-don-t-want-to-hear-it-brain-response-to-maternal-praise-and-criticism-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rosalind D Elliott, Jill M Hooley, Ronald E Dahl, Anita Barber, Greg J Siegle
Recent research has implicated altered neural response to interpersonal feedback as an important factor in adolescent depression, with existing studies focusing on responses to feedback from virtual peers. We investigated whether depressed adolescents differed from healthy youth in neural response to social evaluative feedback from mothers. During neuroimaging, twenty adolescents in a current episode of major depressive disorder (MDD) and 28 healthy controls listened to previously recorded audio clips of their own mothers' praise, criticism and neutral comments...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#6
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325174/the-relationship-between-adolescent-rumination-and-maternal-rumination-criticism-and-positivity
#7
Jessica L Douglas, Deirdre Williams, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Rumination predicts depression in adults and adolescents. The development of rumination has been linked to parenting practices, but only limited research has investigated this and research has tended to rely on self-report parenting measures. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between female adolescent rumination and maternal modelling, criticism and positivity using an observational measure of parental behaviour. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324806/social-networking-site-sns-use-by-adolescent-mothers-can-social-support-and-social-capital-be-enhanced-by-online-social-networks-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Sally Ferguson, Amanda Towell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#9
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322635/social-support-parenting-competence-and-parenting-satisfaction-among-adolescent-african-american-mothers
#10
Sara G Brown, Diane B Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Bernice C Yates, Kathleen M Hanna
This secondary analysis explored how social support changed during the first 6 months postpartum and examined the relationships among social support, parenting competence, and parenting role satisfaction. Single, low-income, adolescent, new mothers ( N = 34) completed measures of perceived parenting competence, parenting role satisfaction, and four types of received social support (emotional, informational, tangible, problematic) from the entire social network at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320130/spg2-mimicking-multiple-sclerosis-in-a-family-identified-using-next-generation-sequencing
#11
Anna Rubegni, Carla Battisti, Alessandra Tessa, Alfonso Cerase, Stefano Doccini, Alessandro Malandrini, Filippo M Santorelli, Antonio Federico
Several single gene disorders can potentially be overlooked in the differential diagnostic evaluation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease and spastic paraplegia type 2 are allelic X-linked disorders associated with defective myelination of the central nervous system and mutations in PLP1. Neurological symptoms are occasionally observed in female carriers of these mutations. Two women - the proposita (Pt1) and her mother (Pt2) - reported walking difficulties since adolescence and showed progressive cognitive decline...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#12
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317068/predicting-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-from-early-childhood-temperament-traits
#13
Tzlil Einziger, Linoy Levi, Yael Zilberman-Hayun, Judith G Auerbach, Naama Atzaba-Poria, Shoshana Arbelle, Andrea Berger
Extreme levels of certain temperament traits can be early markers of different developmental pathways of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the long-term utility of using these traits as predictors of ADHD is not fully known. This study includes 64 male adolescents (M age = 13.5), who have been followed since birth as part of a longitudinal study. The primary aim was to test effortful control (EC), activity level, and anger, measured in early childhood - both with mother's reports and laboratory assessments -as predictors of ADHD symptoms in adolescence...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315233/family-friend-and-media-factors-are-associated-with-patterns-of-weight-control-behavior-among-adolescent-girls
#14
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of family, friend, and media factors on weight-control group membership at 15 years separately and in a combined model. METHODS: Subjects included 166 15 year girls. Latent class analysis identified four patterns of weight-control behaviors: non-dieters, lifestyle, dieters, and extreme dieters. Family (family functioning, priority of the family meals, maternal/paternal weight-teasing, and mother's/father's dieting), friend (weight-teasing and dieting), and media variables (media sensitivity and weekly TV time) were included as predictors of weight-control group membership...
March 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306200/cross-sectional-study-about-impact-of-parental-smoking-on-rhinitis-symptoms-in-children
#15
Ana Faraldo-García, Angel Lopez-Silvarrey, Sonia Pertega, María-Jesús Cruz, Manuel Sampedro, Juan Sánchez-Lastres, Miguel Angel San-José Gónzalez, Luis Bamonde, Luciano Garnelo, Teresa Pérez-Castro, Luis Valdés-Cuadrado, Francisco-Javier Gonzalez-Barcala
OBJECTIVE: assess the prevalence of rhinitis and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke of children in our community and its relationship with symptoms of rhinitis METHODS (DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES): cross-sectional study using questionnaire on rhinitis of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, in children (6-7 years) and adolescents (13-14 years). Categories: "rhinitis ever", "recent rhinitis", "recent rhinoconjunctivitis", "severe rhinoconjunctivitis"...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300970/falls-cuts-and-burns-in-children-0-4-years-of-age-2004-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#16
Raquel Siqueira Barcelos, Iná S Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros, Fernando C Barros, Giovanny Vinicius Araújo França, Vera Lúcia Schmidt da Silva
Knowledge on the incidence of childhood accidents according to the child's stage of development is important for designing preventive programs targeting each age bracket. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of falls, cuts, and burns in children up to four years of age according to family economic status and maternal age and schooling, in children from the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. We calculated the incidence rates and incidence rates ratios for the 0-12, 12-24, and 24-48- months of age...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300339/adolescent-interviewing-skills-effect-of-feedback
#17
Genna Bourget, Nadim Joukhadar, Sarah Manos, Karen Mann, Jill Hatchette, Kim Blake
BACKGROUND: Communicating with adolescent patients can be challenging. Our study assessed the effect of structured feedback following a standardised patient (SP) encounter on postgraduate year-1 (PGY1) residents' adolescent-specific communication skills. Communicating with adolescent patients can be challenging METHODS: A two-group, prospective, double-blind randomised control study design was employed. Measures were taken before and after the intervention. PGY1 residents conducted a 30-minute interview with an SP adolescent-mother pair, who then individually scored the resident's performance using the validated Structured Communication Adolescent Guide (SCAG)...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298181/early-onset-of-adck4-glomerulopathy-with-renal-failure-a-case-report
#18
Ksenija Lolin, Benedetta D Chiodini, Elise Hennaut, Brigitte Adams, Karin Dahan, Khalid Ismaili
BACKGROUND: We present a rare early presentation of a ADCK4-related glomerulopathy. This case is of interest as potentially treatable if genetic results are timely obtained. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 5-year-old boy who was identified with significant proteinuria by a urinary routine screening program for school children. Physical examination revealed dysplastic ears and abnormal folded pinna. Albumin level was 41 g/L (39-53 g/L), and urine proteins/creatinine ratio was 2...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296969/the-traits-of-the-great-calls-in-the-juvenile-and-adolescent-gibbon-males-nomascus-gabriellae
#19
Michal Hradec, Pavel Linhart, Luděk Bartoš, Petra Bolechová
Knowledge about vocal ontogeny and vocal plasticity during ontogeny in primate species is central to understanding the evolution of human speech. Vocalizations in gibbons (Hominoidea) are very interesting and contain complex species- and sex-specific patterns. However, ontogeny of gibbon songs is little studied. Here, we document regular production and ontogenetic changes of female-specific "great call" in 4 immature (2 juvenile-c.a. 3 years old; and 2 adolescent-c.a. 5 years old) males of southern yellow-cheeked gibbon (N...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#20
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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