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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117226/sexual-assault-incidents-among-college-undergraduates-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-risk
#1
Claude A Mellins, Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John S Santelli, Martie Thompson, Patrick A Wilson, Shamus Khan, Stephanie Benson, Karimata Bah, Kathy A Kaufman, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual assault on college campuses is a public health issue. However varying research methodologies (e.g., different sexual assault definitions, measures, assessment timeframes) and low response rates hamper efforts to define the scope of the problem. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112043/coercion-and-hiv-self-testing-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implementation-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#2
Jason J Ong, Haochu Li, Wu Dan, Hongyun Fu, Ewen Liu, Wei Ma, Dianmin Kang, Meizhen Liao, Gifty Marley, Chongyi Wei, Weiming Tang, Stephen Pan, Chuncheng Liu, Nicola Desmond, Bin Yang, Ligang Yang, Shujie Huang, Joseph D Tucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110643/perceived-coercion-in-psychiatric-hospital-admission-validation-of-the-french-language-version-of-the-macarthur-admission-experience-survey
#3
Philippe Golay, Imane Semlali, Hélène Beuchat, Valentino Pomini, Benedetta Silva, Laurent Loutrel, Jacques Thonney, Sylfa Fassasi Gallo, Stéphane Morandi, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: The MacArthur Admission Experience Survey (AES) is a widely used tool to evaluate the level of perceived coercion experienced at psychiatric hospital admission. The French-language AES was prepared using a translation/back-translation procedure. It consists of 16 items and 3 subscores (perceived coercion, negative pressures and voice). This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the French-language AES. METHODS: 152 inpatients were evaluated...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#4
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108507/-they-love-us-just-the-way-they-love-a-woman-gender-identity-power-and-transactional-sex-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-timor-leste
#5
Hamish Niven, Hayden Jose, Patrick Rawstorne, Sally Nathan
There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098202/guidance-and-ethical-considerations-for-undertaking-transgender-health-research-and-institutional-review-boards-adjudicating-this-research
#6
REVIEW
Noah Adams, Ruth Pearce, Jaimie Veale, Asa Radix, Danielle Castro, Amrita Sarkar, Kai Cheng Thom
The purpose of this review is to create a set of provisional criteria for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to refer to when assessing the ethical orientation of transgender health research proposals. We began by searching for literature on this topic using databases and the reference lists of key articles, resulting in a preliminary set of criteria. We then collaborated to develop the following nine guidelines: (1) Whenever possible, research should be grounded, from inception to dissemination, in a meaningful collaboration with community stakeholders; (2) language and framing of transgender health research should be non-stigmatizing; (3) research should be disseminated back to the community; (4) the diversity of the transgender and gender diverse (TGGD) community should be accurately reflected and sensitively reflected; (5) informed consent must be meaningful, without coercion or undue influence; (6) the protection of participant confidentiality should be paramount; (7) alternative consent procedures should be considered for TGGD minors; (8) research should align with current professional standards that refute conversion, reorientation, or reparative therapy; and (9) IRBs should guard against the temptation to avoid, limit, or delay research on this subject...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095121/survivors-voices-complex-needs-of-sex-trafficking-survivors-in-the-midwest
#7
Sriyani Tidball, Shireen S Rajaram
Human trafficking is a serious public health issue and has long-term physical, mental, social, and economic consequences for survivors, their families, and communities. The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 defines sex trafficking as a commercial sex act that is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or when a commercial sex act involves a person below 18 years of age. There is inadequate research from the perspectives of survivors. The purpose of this study was to gather data from survivors on their complex needs...
November 2, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093947/key-international-themes-in-coercion
#8
Andrew Molodynski, Anthony O'Brien, Jonathan Burns
Coercion remains a dominant theme in mental healthcare and a source of major concern. While the presence of coercion is ubiquitous internationally, it varies significantly in nature and degree in different countries and is influenced by a variety of factors. Recent reports have raised concerns about physical restraint and the increasing use of legislation in high-income countries. At the same time, a recent Human Rights Watch report on pasung (the practice of tying or restricting movement more generally) in Indonesia has served to highlight the plight of many in middle- and lower-income countries who are subject to degrading and dehumanising 'treatment'...
August 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093946/service-user-perspectives-on-coercion-and-restraint-in-mental-health
#9
Diana Rose, Emma Perry, Sarah Rae, Naomi Good
Coercion remains a central aspect of many people's mental healthcare. It can include the use of legislation to restrict freedoms, the use of physical restraint, the restriction of freedom of movement and/or association, and the forced or covert administration of medication. There is good evidence that the use of such measures can traumatise service users. This article reports the findings of a survey of service users regarding their experiences of coercion and restraint and embeds this in the wider international and institutional environment...
August 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093945/mental-health-coercion-and-family-caregiving-issues-from-the-international-literature
#10
Jorun Rugkåsa, Krysia Canvin
This article summarises current knowledge about two aspects of family care for people with mental illness: potentially pressurising or coercive aspects of family life; and family carers' experiences of being involved in coercive service interventions. There is a paucity of studies on these topics, especially outside Europe, North America and Australasia, and further research is recommended.
August 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093944/coercion-in-mental-healthcare-different-perspectives-similar-concerns-and-a-united-call-for-action
#11
EDITORIAL
Andrew Molodynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089016/minimizing-coercion-through-person-centered-care
#12
Larry Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079963/the-effects-of-non-physical-peer-sexual-harassment-on-high-school-students-psychological-well-being-in-norway-consistent-and-stable-findings-across-studies
#13
Mons Bendixen, Josef Daveronis, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines how strongly non-physical peer sexual harassment is associated with a wide range of well-being outcomes from symptoms of depression and anxiety to self-esteem and body image. METHODS: Two large community samples of high school students were analyzed (n = 1384 and n = 1485). Students responded to questionnaires on being subject to non-physical sexual harassment, sexual coercion and forced intercourse, and to well-being indicators ranging from anxiety, depression, self-esteem, body image...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073823/mechanical-restraint-and-characteristics-of-patient-staff-and-shifts-in-a-psychiatric-ward
#14
Johanne Sofie Kodal, Jesper Nørgaard Kjær, Erik Roj Larsen
BACKGROUND: The use of coercion is a balance between depriving the patients' autonomy and dignity and preventing endangerment of the body or health of self or others. It is of importance to obtain more knowledge about mechanisms leading to mechanical restraint in the attempt of reducing it. OBJECTIVE: To analyse for associations between incidence of mechanical restraint (MR) and staffing level, staff demographics, patient characteristics, type of shift (day/evening/night) and change of shifts...
October 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070628/functional-roles-of-three-cues-that-pervade-the-brain-electro-magnetic-field-oxygen-and-carbon-dioxide
#15
Luigi F Agnati, Diego Guidolin, Guido Maura, Manuela Marcoli
The brain integrative actions depend on the exchange of information among its computational elements. Hence, such a phenomenon plays the key role in driving the complex dynamics of central nervous system (CNS), in which true computations interact with non-computational dynamical processes to generate brain representations of the body in the external world, hence the finalistic behaviour of the organism. In this context, it should be pointed out that beside the intercellular interactions mediated by classical electro-chemical signals also other types of interactions, namely 'cue' and 'coercion' appear to be exploited by the system to achieve its function...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061422/involuntary-admission-and-treatment-experiences-of-persons-with-schizophrenia-implication-for-the-mental-health-care-bill-2016
#16
Guru S Gowda, Nithin Kondapuram, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: Involuntary admission and treatment experiences may affect the attitude of patients toward subsequent treatment and further outcomes. This issue has received relatively less research attention in persons with schizophrenia from developing countries. METHODOLOGY: In this hospital based prospective observational study, involuntary admission, treatment and coercion experiences among 76 persons with schizophrenia, admitted under special circumstances of Mental Health Act -1987 were studied...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056537/male-partner-reproductive-coercion-among-women-veterans
#17
Elian A Rosenfeld, Elizabeth Miller, Xinhua Zhao, Florentina E Sileanu, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Male partner reproductive coercion is defined as male partners' attempts to promote pregnancy through interference with women's contraceptive behaviors and reproductive decision-making. Male partners may try to promote pregnancy through birth control sabotage such as taking away or destroying their partners' contraceptives, refusing to wear condoms, and/or verbally pressuring their partners to abstain from contraceptive use. Reproductive coercion is associated with an elevated risk for unintended pregnancy...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990269/sexual-behaviour-in-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-intraparental-violence-and-sexual-coercion
#18
Jesse Cale, Patrick Lussier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978249/the-influence-of-coercive-measures-on-patients-stances-towards-psychiatric-institutions
#19
Juliane Mielau, Jasmin Altunbay, Anja Lehmann, Felix Bermpohl, Andreas Heinz, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of coercive interventions (CI) on patients' evaluations of psychiatric hospitals as adversaries versus allies. METHODS: Self-constructed interviews were conducted relating to quantitative and subjective aspects of coercion and the attitude towards psychiatry of 79 patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. The Coercion Experience Scale (CES) and the Admission Experience Survey (AES) were used to establish the subjective impact of CI...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963308/why-involve-families-in-acute-mental-healthcare-a-collaborative-conceptual-review
#20
Aysegul Dirik, Sima Sandhu, Domenico Giacco, Katherine Barrett, Gerry Bennison, Sue Collinson, Stefan Priebe
OBJECTIVES: Family involvement is strongly recommended in clinical guidelines but suffers from poor implementation. To explore this topic at a conceptual level, a multidisciplinary review team including academics, clinicians and individuals with lived experience undertook a review to explore the theoretical background of family involvement models in acute mental health treatment and how this relates to their delivery. DESIGN: A conceptual review was undertaken, including a systematic search and narrative synthesis...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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