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Michele Megregian, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze
Respectful communication is a key component of any clinical relationship. Shared decision making is the process of collaboration that occurs between a health care provider and patient in order to make health care decisions based upon the best available evidence and the individual's preferences. A midwife and woman (and her support persons) engage together to make health care decisions, using respectful communication that is based upon the best available evidence and the woman's preferences, values, and goals...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Iván C Balán, Timothy Frasca, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Michelle Cleary, Toby Raeburn, Sancia West, Phil Escott, Violeta Lopez
Recovery-oriented principles underpin modern-day mental health care and are enhanced by consumer participation in decision-making. Understanding how consumer participation can be maximized is central to promoting recovery-oriented care. This study explored the key strategies used by mental health registered nurses and perceived by nurses to be used by peer support workers in facilitating consumer decision-making to determine similarities, differences, and possible tensions. A qualitative descriptive approach using semi-structured interviews was conducted with nine nurses employed in mental health care...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Andrés A Fernández-Fuertes, Rodrigo J Carcedo, Begoña Orgaz, Antonio Fuertes
Sexual coercion is a worldwide health problem that endangers the well-being of those involved. In the same line of the most recent and comprehensive studies, this study sought to investigate the extent of sexual coercion, both perpetration and victimization, among male and female adolescents. Moreover, it jointly analyzed the predictive power of different variables that have been considered as useful to design preventive programs. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study, using proportional stratified cluster sampling, was performed and 1,242 Spanish adolescents (15-19 years old) were surveyed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katherine A Muldoon, Rachel King, Wendy Zhang, Josephine Birungi, Mastula Nanfuka, Samuel Tibengana, Omoboade Afolabi, David M Moore
Sexual coercion, especially forced sexual debut, is associated with lifelong adverse health consequences. This is compounded in regions, such as Uganda, where the dual impact of HIV and violence critically shapes women's sexual health risks. Among a sample of women in HIV serodiscordant relationships, we investigated the prevalence and consequences of forced sexual debut. Data for this analysis come from the Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment as Prevention (HAARP) Study, a cohort of HIV serodiscordant couples in Jinja, Eastern Uganda, and investigates the role of forced sexual debut on two outcomes: age of sexual debut and having more than three lifetime sexual partners...
June 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jon Magnus Haga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Pierre Mallia
The autonomy of patients participating in research means that a proper informed consent process must take place. This means that information must be given according to a reasonable person standard implying what legally and ethical a reasonable person participating in the research would want to know. The research must assure that the patient has understood all the information given and that a voluntary choice has been made. This means that no form of coercion must take place and that information must not be manipulated in such a way as to influence the participant...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
Dianne Morrison-Beedy, Linsey Grove
BACKGROUND: The #MeToo social media campaign in the United States has highlighted what is a pervasive problem in many cultures-the sexual intimidation and victimization of women by men, especially those in roles of authority. METHODS: In a study of 735 girls, ages 15-19 years, enrolled in a sexual risk reduction randomized controlled trial, we captured baseline data using audio-computer assisted self-interviews to increase validity and reliability of responses to questions regarding such behaviors...
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Qunjian Wu, Bin Yan, Ying Zeng, Chi Zhang, Li Tong
BACKGROUND: The electroencephalogram (EEG) signal represents a subject's specific brain activity patterns and is considered as an ideal biometric given its superior invisibility, non-clonality, and non-coercion. In order to enhance its applicability in identity authentication, a novel EEG-based identity authentication method is proposed based on self- or non-self-face rapid serial visual presentation. RESULTS: In contrast to previous studies that extracted EEG features from rest state or motor imagery, the designed paradigm could obtain a distinct and stable biometric trait with a lower time cost...
May 3, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
René M Dailey
Because romantic partners can be a strong influence on individuals' weight loss efforts and progress, the current study assessed the relational context of weight loss-dynamics within the relationship that pertain to weight loss. Three relational characteristics were examined: whether the weight loss was a team effort, how much partners had opposing approaches to weight loss, and individuals' difficulty in balancing their weight loss goals within their relationship goals. Findings showed that the relational characteristics were associated with both the perceived frequency and effectiveness of partner strategies (i...
May 3, 2018: Health Communication
Austin R Horn, Charles Weijer, Spencer Phillips Hey, Jamie Brehaut, Dean A Fergusson, Cory E Goldstein, Jeremy Grimshaw, Monica Taljaard
The ethics of the Flexibility In duty hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) trial have been vehemently debated. Views on the ethics of the FIRST trial range from it being completely unethical to wholly unproblematic. The FIRST trial illustrates the complex ethical challenges posed by cluster randomised trials (CRTs) of policy interventions involving healthcare professionals. In what follows, we have three objectives. First, we critically review the FIRST trial controversy, finding that commentators have failed to sufficiently identify and address many of the relevant ethical issues...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Florian Hotzy, Sonja Moetteli, Anastasia Theodoridou, Andres Ricardo Schneeberger, Erich Seifritz, Paul Hoff, Matthias Jäger
AIMS OF THE STUDY: In daily clinical work, coercion continues to be highly prevalent, with rates differing between countries and sometimes even within countries or between wards of the same hospital. Previous research found inconsistent characteristics of individuals who underwent coercive measures during psychiatric treatment. Furthermore, there continues to be a lack of knowledge on the clinical course of people after being involuntarily committed. This study aimed to describe the rate and duration of different coercive measures and characterise a cohort of involuntarily committed patients regarding sociodemographic and clinical variables...
April 26, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Claudio Malangone, Corrado De Rosa, Vincenzo Giallonardo, Giuseppina Borriello, Benedetta Pocai, Micaela Savorani, Luca Steardo, Debora Lampis, Franco Veltro, Francesco Bartoli, Francesco Bardicchia, Anna Maria Moroni, Giusy Ciampini, Emanuele Orlandi, Silvia Ferrari, Silvia Biondi, Sonia Iapichino, Enrico Pompili, Massimiliano Piselli, Alfonso Tortorella, Giuseppe Carrà, Andrea Fiorillo
Background: Psychoeducational family intervention (PFI) has been proven to be effective in improving the levels of family burden and patients' personal functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (BDs). Less is known about the impact of PFI on relatives' coping strategies in BD. Methods: A multicenter, controlled, outpatient trial funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" has been conducted in patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and their key relatives consecutively recruited in 11 randomly selected Italian community mental health centers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
M Anderson, M K Tulloch-Reid
Objective To determine the challenges, coping strategies and needs of urban and rural Jamaican caregivers of adolescents with diabetes, and suggest ways to assist coping. Methods This qualitative study comprised four focus groups (two urban and two rural) with a total of nineteen caregivers of adolescents with diabetes. Thematic analysis was conducted on the data. Results The main challenges caregivers faced were keeping their children healthy, managing conflict with their children, and financial concerns. They met these challenges with problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
A Nienaber, A Heinz, M A Rapp, F Bermpohl, M Schulz, J Behrens, M Löhr
Acute psychiatric wards are an important element in the mental healthcare of people at risk for acute harm to others or self-harm. Unfortunately, aggression, violence (conflict) and the use of coercion (containment) are still part of psychiatric care. The decisive factor for the correct handling of these situations is the quantity as well as the quality of the employees. Therefore, the present study dealt with the care situation on acute psychiatric wards. The hypothesis is that both the number of beds on the acute psychiatric ward and the number of caregivers have an impact on the occurrence of conflict and containment...
April 17, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Emily R Wilhite, Travis Mallard, Kim Fromme
Sexual assault is a troubling epidemic that plagues college campuses across the United States, and is often proceeded by drinking by the perpetrator and/or victim. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of level of intoxication, history of alcohol-related blackouts, and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on the likelihood of being a victim or perpetrator of coercive sexual activities. Participants (N = 2,244) were part of a 6-year longitudinal study which explored alcohol use and associated behavioral risks during college...
April 9, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Jeffery E Williams, Derek T Dangerfield, Alex H Kral, Lynn D Wenger, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Experiences of coerced or forced sex have been associated with risk for HIV infection for all adults and may be more common for gays, lesbians, bisexuals (GLB) and people who inject drugs (PWID). In this study, we explored factors associated with prior 12-month experiences of forced or coerced sex among a sample of PWID, with a focus on sexual orientation and gender. PWID (N = 772) from Los Angeles and San Francisco were recruited using targeted sampling methods in 2011-2013 and surveyed on a range of items related to demographics, drug use, HIV risk, and violence, including experiences of forced or coerced sex in the prior 12 months...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Arash Nakhost, Frank Sirotich, Katherine M Francombe Pridham, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Alexander I F Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Since the deinstitutionalization of psychiatric services around the world, the scope of outpatient psychiatric care has also increased to better support treatment access and adherence. For those with serious mental illness who may lack insight into their own illness, available interventions include coercive community practices such as mandated community treatment orders (CTOs). This paper examines the perceptions of coercion among service users treated with a CTO. METHOD: We used a cross-sectional comparative design where service users treated under a CTO were matched to a comparison group of voluntary psychiatric outpatients...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Anjuli D Wagner, Seema K Shah, Irene N Njuguna, Kathryn M Porter, Jillian Neary, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Rose Bosire, Dalton C Wamalwa, Grace C John-Stewart, Jennifer A Slyker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Panteá Farvid, Virginia Braun
Heterosexual casual sex is routinely depicted as a physically, socially, and psychologically "risky" practice. This is the case in media accounts, psychological research, and other academic work. In this article, we examine 15 men's and 15 women's talk about casual sex from a discursive psychological stance to achieve two objectives. Firstly, we confirm the categories of risk typically associated with casual sex but expand these to include a domain of risks related to (gendered) identities and representation...
March 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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