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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#1
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#2
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426597/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#3
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424072/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-its-association-with-symptoms-of-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-a-female-population-sample-in-sweden
#4
Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez, Gunilla Krantz
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of violence often coexist in the same relationship. Living with IPV is associated with serious mental health outcomes such as depression and depressive symptoms. Few population based studies from Sweden have investigated the relationship between different forms of IPV and women's depressive symptoms and even fewer used controlling behavior as an independent variable in such studies...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412601/a-systematic-review-of-factors-associated-with-service-user-satisfaction-with-psychiatric-inpatient-services
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Woodward, Katherine Berry, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction is seen as an indicator of the quality of mental health services and has been related to outcomes and compliance with treatment. The current review seeks to examine the factors relating to satisfaction with inpatient services. METHOD: A search was conducted of PsycInfo, Web of Science, Cinahl, Embase and Medline databases. Screening resulted in 32 papers being included in the review. Papers were subject to quality assessment using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409266/intimate-partner-violence-and-prep-acceptability-among-low-income-young-black-women-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-reproductive-coercion
#6
Tiara Willie, Trace Kershaw, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Kamila A Alexander
A few studies suggest that women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are willing to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but no research has examined mediators of this relationship. The current study used path analysis to examine a phenomenon closely associated with IPV: reproductive coercion, or explicit male behaviors to promote pregnancy of a female partner without her knowledge or against her will. Birth control sabotage and pregnancy coercion-two subtypes of reproductive coercion behaviors-were examined as mediators of the relationship between IPV and PrEP acceptability among a cohort of 147 Black women 18-25 years of age recruited from community-based organizations in an urban city...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#7
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395395/contexts-and-consequences-of-takeovers-in-hamadryas-baboons-female-parity-reproductive-state-and-observational-evidence-of-pregnancy-loss
#8
Alexis L Amann, Mathew Pines, Larissa Swedell
The evolutionary consequences of sexual selection and sexual conflict are epitomized in the hamadryas baboon, a species characterized by strong sexual dimorphism and intense male-male competition. Hamadryas males coerce individual females into reproductively exclusive one-male units via aggressive takeovers, and infants involved in such takeovers are at least four times more likely to be killed (or otherwise die) after takeovers compared to other times. Here we examine female reproductive state before and after takeovers to further investigate the determinants of takeovers and their impact on female reproduction...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392971/the-occurrence-and-traumatic-impact-of-sexual-revictimization-in-newlywed-couples
#9
David DiLillo, Anna E Jaffe, Laura E Watkins, James Peugh, Amanda Kras, Christopher Campbell
The present study examines whether individuals with a history of child sexual abuse are at risk of sexual revictimization in marriage and, if so, whether these experiences are associated with increased trauma symptomatology. Two hundred heterosexual newlywed couples were recruited from marriage license records and completed self-report assessments of past sexual victimization and sexual coercion within the marital dyad. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models revealed that, compared to non-victims, women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) experienced more acts of sexual coercion by their husbands during the past year...
December 2016: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383381/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#10
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
April 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375750/implementing-trauma-informed-partner-violence-assessment-in-family-planning-clinics
#11
Michele R Decker, Sarah Flessa, Ruchita V Pillai, Rebecca N Dick, Jamie Quam, Diana Cheng, Raegan McDonald-Mosley, Kamila A Alexander, Charvonne N Holliday, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion (RC) are associated with poor reproductive health. Little is known about how family planning clinics implement brief IPV/RC assessment interventions in practice. We describe the uptake and impact of a brief, trauma-informed, universal IPV/RC assessment and education intervention. METHODS: Intervention implementation was evaluated via a mixed methods study among women ages 18 and up receiving care at one of two family planning clinics in greater Baltimore, MD...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356489/how-shared-is-shared-decision-making-a-care-ethical-view-on-the-role-of-partner-and-family
#12
Inge van Nistelrooij, Merel Visse, Ankana Spekkink, Jasmijn de Lange
The aim of shared decision-making (SDM) is to provide information to patients in order to enable them to decide autonomously and freely about treatment together with the doctor, without interference, force or coercion by others. Relatives may be considered as hindering or impeding a patient's own decision. Qualitative-empirical research into lived experience of SDM of patients with cancer, however, problematises the patient's autonomy when facing terminal illness and the need to make decisions regarding treatment...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351023/effect-of-door-locking-policy-on-inpatient-treatment-of-substance-use-and-dual-disorders
#13
Regine Steinauer, Christian G Huber, Sylvie Petitjean, Gerhard A Wiesbeck, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Undine E Lang, Christian Seifert, Katja Andreeff, Michael Krausz, Marc Walter, Marc Vogel
OBJECTIVE: Substance use treatment is often performed inside locked wards. We investigate the effects of adopting a policy of open-door treatment for a substance use treatment and dual diagnosis ward. METHODS: This is a prospective open-label study investigating 3-month study periods before opening (P1), immediately after (P2), and 1 year after the first period (P3). Data on committed patients, coercion (seclusion, forced medication, absconding events with subsequent police search), violence, and substance use was collected daily...
March 29, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347494/using-family-members-as-gamete-donors-or-gestational-carriers
#14
(no author information available yet)
The use of adult intrafamilial gamete donors and gestational surrogates is generally ethically acceptable when all participants are fully informed and counseled, but consanguineous arrangements or ones that simulate incestuous unions should be prohibited. Adult child-to-parent arrangements require caution in order to avoid coercion, and parent-to-adult child arrangements are acceptable in limited situations. Programs that choose to participate in intrafamilial arrangements should be prepared to spend additional time counseling participants and ensuring that they have made free, informed decisions...
March 24, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#15
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332124/use-of-physical-restraints-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-in-ethiopian-mental-specialized-hospital-outpatient-department-cross-sectional-study
#16
Habte Belete
BACKGROUND: Even though United Nation announced that all persons with a mental illness shall be treated with humanity and respect for the inherent dignity of the human being, up to now, the use of coercion (physical restrain) is still considered as unavoidable in managing abnormal behavior of psychiatric patients. But, there is no information regarding the magnitude and contributing factors of physical restrain among bipolar patients in low-income countries like Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital from May 1 to June 1, 2015 among 400 participants who were selected by systematic random sampling technique...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325533/a-systematic-review-of-the-views-and-experiences-of-subjects-of-community-treatment-orders
#17
REVIEW
Deborah Corring, Richard O'Reilly, Christina Sommerdyck
OBJECTIVE: CTOS have been the subject of many qualitative and quantitative research studies. Both research approaches add value to our understanding of CTOs. Qualitative studies provide an understanding of CTOs and the experience of being on a CTO that quantitative studies cannot provide. Many qualitative studies that have examined the views of subjects of CTOs have been published. However, authors of these studies continue to note that views and experiences of the subjects of these orders are not well known...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322524/-nudging-o-educazione-a-scelte-civiche-responsabili-l-esempio-dello-screening-della-mammella
#18
Mariachiara Tallacchini
"Nudge, or nudging, refers to a policy approach inspired by behavioral sciences: it promotes the conducts identified as desirable by regulators without applying prohibition and coercion. This approach has gained a lot of momentum in the domain of health policies. Policy strategies based on behavioral insights appear ideal as to implementing healthier life styles and public health programs while minimizing compliance costs: from organ donation to food choices, from fighting obesity and chronic diseases to screening policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301702/space-for-the-prisoner-s-point-of-view
#20
Laura Haupt
The lead article in this issue discusses a potentially free metaphorical space-that of decision-making-within the confines, tangible and intangible, of life in jail or prison. By interviewing prisoner-participants from six clinical studies, Paul Christopher and colleagues sought to find out how these men and women would answer open-ended questions about their decision to enroll in the research. What the interviewers heard was that none saw themselves as having been inappropriately pressured to do so. In fact, a significant percentage of the prisoners described being dissuaded from participating in the studies...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
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