keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

coercion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889682/-stress-anger-fear-and-injustice-an-international-qualitative-survey-of-women-s-experiences-planning-a-vaginal-breech-birth
#1
Karolina Petrovska, Nicole P Watts, Christine Catling, Andrew Bisits, Caroline Se Homer
OBJECTIVE: the outcomes of the Term Breech Trial had a profound impact on women's options for breech birth, with caesarean section now seen as the default method for managing breech birth by many clinicians. Despite this, the demand for planned vaginal breech birth from women does exist. This study aimed to examine the experiences of women who sought a vaginal breech birth to increase understanding as to how to care for women seeking this birth option. DESIGN: an electronic survey was distributed to women online via social media...
November 21, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884952/how-violence-constitutes-order-consent-coercion-and-censure-in-tanzania
#2
Hilde Jakobsen
Survey data show that most Tanzanian women find wife-beating justifiable. What is the meaning of the violence that enjoys such broad social approval? Does respect for women's agency invalidate feminist opposition to wife-beating? I explore these questions by analyzing data on hegemonic norms generated through 27 focus group discussions in Arumeru and Kigoma-Vijijini districts, and find that wife-beating was supported for its role in constituting social order. This analysis of how exactly violence can constitute order yielded insights into the interplay between violence and consent that are theoretically relevant to violence against women in other forms and contexts, reminding researchers and practitioners of the role of power and coercion in supposedly agreed-upon community norms...
November 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881751/artificial-selection-on-male-genitalia-length-alters-female-brain-size
#3
Séverine D Buechel, Isobel Booksmythe, Alexander Kotrschal, Michael D Jennions, Niclas Kolm
Male harassment is a classic example of how sexual conflict over mating leads to sex-specific behavioural adaptations. Females often suffer significant costs from males attempting forced copulations, and the sexes can be in an arms race over male coercion. Yet, despite recent recognition that divergent sex-specific interests in reproduction can affect brain evolution, sexual conflict has not been addressed in this context. Here, we investigate whether artificial selection on a correlate of male success at coercion, genital length, affects brain anatomy in males and females...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881139/next-of-kin-s-experiences-of-involvement-during-involuntary-hospitalisation-and-coercion
#4
Reidun Førde, Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Norway has extensive and detailed legal requirements and guidelines concerning involvement of next of kin (NOK) during involuntary hospital treatment of seriously mentally ill patients. However, we have little knowledge about what happens in practice. This study explores NOK's views and experiences of involvement during involuntary hospitalisation in Norway. METHODS: We performed qualitative interviews-focus groups and individual-with 36 adult NOK to adults and adolescents who had been involuntarily admitted once or several times...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875829/sexual-health-risk-and-prevention
#5
Teri Aronowitz
Sexuality is an important aspect of health across the lifespan and includes sex, gender identities, sexual orientation, intimacy, pleasure, reproduction, and free from coercion and discrimination. In 2010, individuals 50 years and older living with HIV in the US made up 8.5 per 100,000 persons affected by the virus, with African Americans accounting for 46% of seroconversion in the same year, which was 10.7 times greater than Whites. African American women are particularly at-risk. Although there are many promising HIV prevention interventions to date, there are few that focus specifically on older adults...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867369/formal-semantics-in-the-neurology-clinic-atypical-understanding-of-aspectual-coercion-in-als-patients
#6
Giosuè Baggio, Giulia Granello, Lorenzo Verriello, Roberto Eleopra
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease of the motor system with subtle adverse effects on cognition. It is still unclear whether ALS also affects language and semantics, and if so, what aspects and processes exactly. We investigated how ALS patients understand verb phrases modified by temporal preposition phrases, e.g., "To watch TV for half an hour." Interpretation here requires operations such as aspectual coercion that add or delete elements from event structures, depending on temporal modifiers, and constraints on coercion, which make combinations with certain modifiers not viable...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846878/perceived-coercion-to-enter-treatment-among-involuntarily-and-voluntarily-admitted-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#7
Anne Opsal, Øistein Kristensen, John Kåre Vederhus, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND: Perceived coercion is a sense of pressure related to the experience of being referred to treatment. The sense of pressure arises from the patient's internal perception of coercion. The sources of coercion may be the legal system, the family, the health system, or self-criticism (internal sources). Here, we studied patients diagnosed with substance use disorders that were involuntarily admitted to hospital, pursuant to a social services act. We sought to determine whether these patients perceived coercion differently than patients that were admitted voluntarily...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837467/a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-attitude-of-mental-healthcare-professionals-towards-involuntary-treatment-orders
#8
Ming-Hong Hsieh, Hui-Ching Wu, Frank Huang-Chih Chou, Andrew Molodynski
The purpose of this study was to investigate East-West cultural attitudes of mental healthcare professionals (MHPs) towards Involuntary Treatment Orders (ITOs) among Taiwan, England, Wales, and New Zealand. Data on Taiwanese MHPs' views of ITO regime were collected from the National Psychiatric Disease Mandatory Assessment and Community Care Review Committee (N = 176). A national survey instrument was designed to assess the level of support for ITOs among senior clinicians and to determine their views on the importance of various factors in decision-making, the mechanisms through which coercion may work, impediments to its use, and its perceived impact on patients and therapeutic relationships...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837234/erratum-to-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-ipa-of-coercion-towards-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-dementia-findings-from-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-mynah
#9
Vijay Danivas, Mufaddal Bharmal, Paul Keenan, Steven Jones, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Kumaran Kalyanaraman, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834410/-a-phd-completed-7-just-add-positivity-dental-caries-obesity-and-problem-behaviour-in-children-the-role-of-parents-and-family-relations
#10
M de Jong-Lenters
In this doctoral research project the relationship between, on the one hand, parenting and the functioning of families, and, on the other, child dental health were measured on the basis of interviews, questionnaires and observations of parent-child interaction. The groups studied consisted of children with and without caries and a variety of socio-economic backgrounds. The analyses revealed a distinct and significant difference between children with and children without caries with respect to parenting style and parent-child interaction...
November 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#11
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833202/a-physician-s-reflection-on-the-moral-use-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccine
#12
EDITORIAL
Greg F Burke
Controversies often surround the use of vaccines, particularly among the pediatric population. Often, the possible temporal relationship between vaccination and subsequent disease is at the center of the controversy. However, others have questioned the moral status of the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine because of some instances of state coercion and also the possibility that the vaccine may promote promiscuity. This article addresses the moral status of the HPV vaccine from the perspective of a primary care physician and father of four daughters...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829933/desiring-neoliberalism
#13
Gundula Ludwig
The paper is based on the premise that neoliberalism is a political rationality that is not only anti-social but also requires an anti-democratic and violent form of statehood. However, neoliberalism is not solely based on coercion and force, but paradoxically also on consensus. This consensus is not least organized through its flexibilized and pluralized sexual politics. By focussing on sexual politics in Germany's capital Berlin, the paper highlights that the flexibilization of the apparatus of sexuality is not merely a side effect of neoliberalism but a constitutive element of neoliberal governmentality that is deployed to legitimate an anti-democratic and violent neoliberal state...
2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816998/what-does-being-on-a-community-treatment-orders-entail-a-3-year-follow-up-of-the-octet-cto-cohort
#14
Jorun Rugkåsa, Ksenija Yeeles, Constantinos Koshiaris, Tom Burns
PURPOSE: Community Treatment Orders lack evidence of effectiveness. Very little is known about how they are used in practice and over time in terms of what it obliges patients to do and the judicial threshold for remaining on an order. AIMS: To investigate CTO implementation in England in terms of the use of specified conditions, and judicial hearings; whether these change over time, and; the level of continued coercion. METHOD: 36-month observational prospective study of patients on CTO in the OCTET follow-up study...
November 5, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814493/association-between-sexting-and-sexual-coercion-among-female-adolescents
#15
HyeJeong Choi, Joris Van Ouytsel, Jeff R Temple
This study aims to investigate whether experiences of offline sexual coercion are associated with adolescent females' involvement in different types of sexting behaviors. It draws on data from 450 ethnically diverse female adolescents with an average age of 19.02 years (SD = 0.74) who were originally recruited in southeast Texas. The participants were asked about their experiences with sexual coercion, and their engagement in sexting behavior (i.e., sending, requesting, and being asked for a sext, and receiving a sext without giving permission)...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807208/the-golden-thread-coercive-control-and-risk-assessment-for-domestic-violence
#16
Andy Myhill, Katrin Hohl
Research on risk assessment for domestic violence has to date focused primarily on the predictive power of individual risk factors and the statistical validity of risk assessment tools in predicting future physical assault in sub-sets of cases dealt with by the police. This study uses data from risk assessment forms from a random sample of cases of domestic violence reported to the police. An innovative latent trait model is used to test whether a cluster of risk factors associated with coercive control is most representative of the type of abuse that comes to the attention of the police...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798839/exploratory-factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-sexual-coercion-inventory
#17
Bryana H French, Han Na Suh, Brooke Arterberry
The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Sexual Coercion Inventory (SCI; Waldner, Vaden-Goad, & Sikka, 1999), revised by the authors (SCI-R). Overall, 514 high school and college students from a Midwestern state completed the SCI-R. To complete the SCI-R, high school participants completed paper-pencil surveys with those younger than 18 obtaining parental consent; college students older than 18 completed computer-based and paper-pencil surveys. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analyses were conducted to examine the validity of score interpretation and reliability of scores for the measure...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793728/an-alternative-technique-for-youth-risk-surveillance-outside-of-the-school-system
#18
Merrian J Brooks, Todd Bear, Karen Hacker, Edmund M Ricci, Abigail Foulds, Heather Anderson, Claire Raible, Elizabeth Miller
PURPOSE: When school districts choose not to participate in adolescent health behavior surveys, tracking adolescent health indicators can be challenging. We conducted a countywide youth behavior survey outside of the school system. Our purpose is to describe alternative methods used for gathering these data reliably and ethically. METHODS: We implemented two parallel surveys with youth ages 14-19 residing in a mid-sized county with urban, suburban, and rural neighborhoods...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790997/resource-scarcity-drives-lethal-aggression-among-prehistoric-hunter-gatherers-in-central-california
#19
Mark W Allen, Robert Lawrence Bettinger, Brian F Codding, Terry L Jones, Al W Schwitalla
The origin of human violence and warfare is controversial, and some scholars contend that intergroup conflict was rare until the emergence of sedentary foraging and complex sociopolitical organization, whereas others assert that violence was common and of considerable antiquity among small-scale societies. Here we consider two alternative explanations for the evolution of human violence: (i) individuals resort to violence when benefits outweigh potential costs, which is likely in resource poor environments, or (ii) participation in violence increases when there is coercion from leaders in complex societies leading to group level benefits...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789846/patients-moral-views-on-coercion-in-mental-healthcare
#20
Reidun Norvoll, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Coercion in mental healthcare has led to ethical debate on its nature and use. However, few studies have explicitly explored patients' moral evaluations of coercion. AIM: The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of patients' moral views and considerations regarding coercion. RESEARCH DESIGN: Semi-structured focus-group and individual interviews were conducted and data were analysed through a thematic content analysis...
October 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
keyword
keyword
119571
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"