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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214968/piloting-the-use-of-patient-specific-cardiac-models-as-a-novel-tool-to-facilitate-communication-during-cinical-consultations
#1
Giovanni Biglino, Despina Koniordou, Marisa Gasparini, Claudio Capelli, Lindsay-Kay Leaver, Sachin Khambadkone, Silvia Schievano, Andrew M Taylor, Jo Wray
This pilot study aimed to assess the impact of using patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) models of congenital heart disease (CHD) during consultations with adolescent patients. Adolescent CHD patients (n = 20, age 15-18 years, 15 male) were asked to complete two questionnaires during a cardiology transition clinic at a specialist centre. The first questionnaire was completed just before routine consultation with the cardiologist, the second just after the consultation. During the consultation, each patient was presented with a 3D full heart model realised from their medical imaging data...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214711/development-of-the-epilepsy-risk-awareness-scale-era-scale-for-people-with-epilepsy
#2
Andreas Braun, Sally Kendall, Christine Cole, Nigel Smeeton, Heather Angus-Leppan
PURPOSE: Quality of life in people with epilepsy depends on balancing protection from risks and avoiding unnecessary restrictions. The Epilepsy Risk Awareness Checklist (ERAC) was developed to summarise an individual's safety, health care and quality of life and to facilitate communication between professionals. Although effective, the existing Checklist required quantification and shortening to increase its utility, particularly as a longitudinal tool for measuring and communicating changes over time...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214474/emergency-department-utilisation-by-older-people-in-metropolitan-melbourne-2008-12-findings-from-the-reducing-older-patient
#3
Danielle Mazza, Christopher Pearce, Angela Joe, Lyle R Turner, Bianca Brijnath, Colette Browning, Marianne Shearer, Judy Lowthian
Objective Older patients are over-represented in emergency departments (ED), with many presenting for conditions that could potentially be managed in general practice. The aims of the present study were to examine the characteristics of ED presentations by older patients and to identify patient factors contributing to potentially avoidable general practitioner (PAGP)-type presentations.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed of routinely collected data comprising ED presentations by patients aged ≥70 years at public hospitals across metropolitan Melbourne from January 2008 to December 2012...
February 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#4
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
February 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213595/qualitative-study-of-the-breather-trial-short-cycle-antiretroviral-therapy-is-it-acceptable-to-young-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Sarah Bernays, Sara Paparini, Janet Seeley, Stella Namukwaya Kihika, Diana Gibb, Tim Rhodes
OBJECTIVES: A qualitative study of the BREATHER (PENTA 16) randomised clinical trial, which compared virological control of Short Cycle Therapy (SCT) (5 days on: 2 days off) with continuous efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (CT) in children and young people (aged 8-24) living with HIV with viral load <50 c/mL to examine adaptation, acceptability and experience of SCT to inform intervention development. SETTING: Paediatric HIV clinics in the UK (2), Ireland (1), the USA (1) and Uganda (1)...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213292/improving-therapeutic-outcomes-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-enhancing-social-communication-and-sensory-processing-through-the-use-of-interactive-robots
#6
REVIEW
Felippe Sartorato, Leon Przybylowski, Diana K Sarko
For children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), social robots are increasingly utilized as therapeutic tools in order to enhance social skills and communication. Robots have been shown to generate a number of social and behavioral benefits in children with ASD including heightened engagement, increased attention, and decreased social anxiety. Although social robots appear to be effective social reinforcement tools in assistive therapies, the perceptual mechanism underlying these benefits remains unknown...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212998/what-factors-do-patients-consider-most-important-in-making-lung-cancer-screening-decisions-findings-from-a-demonstration-project-conducted-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#7
Sarah E Lillie, Steven S Fu, Angela E Fabbrini, Kathryn L Rice, Barbara Clothier, David B Nelson, Elizabeth A Doro, M Anas Moughrabieh, Melissa R Partin
INTRODUCTION: The National Lung Screening Trial recently reported that annual low-dose computed tomography screening is associated with decreased lung cancer mortality in high-risk smokers. This study sought to identify the factors patients consider important in making lung cancer screening (LCS) decisions, and explore variations by patient characteristics and LCS participation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational survey study evaluated the Minneapolis VA LCS Clinical Demonstration Project in which LCS-eligible Veterans (N=1388) were randomized to either Direct LCS Invitation (mailed with decision aid, N=926) or Usual Care (provider referral, N=462)...
February 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212720/the-japanese-version-of-the-overall-assessment-of-the-speaker-s-experience-of-stuttering-for-adults-oases-a-j-translation-and-psychometric-evaluation
#8
Naomi Sakai, Shin Ying Chu, Koichi Mori, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the psychometric performance of the Japanese version of the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering for Adults (OASES-A), a comprehensive assessment tool of individuals who stutter. METHODS: The OASES-A-J was administered to 200 adults who stutter in Japan. All respondents also evaluated their own speech (SA scale), satisfaction of their own speech (SS scale) and the Japanese translation version of the Modified Erickson Communication Attitude scale (S-24)...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212717/japanese-normative-data-for-the-unhelpful-thoughts-and-beliefs-about-stuttering-utbas-scales-for-adults-who-stutter
#9
Shin Ying Chu, Naomi Sakai, Koichi Mori, Lisa Iverach
PURPOSE: This study reports Japanese normative data for the Unhelpful Thoughts and Beliefs about Stuttering (UTBAS) scales. We outline the translation process, and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the UTBAS scales. METHODS: The translation of the UTBAS scales into Japanese (UTBAS-J) was completed using the standard forward-backward translation process, and was administered to 130 Japanese adults who stutter. To validate the UTBAS-J scales, scores for the Japanese and Australian cohorts were compared...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212616/general-practitioners-views-on-long-term-prescription-and-use-of-problematic-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-for-oldest-old-patients-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-gps-cim-triad-study
#10
Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Kathrin Heser, Antje Löffler, Britta Haenisch, Debora Parker, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Wolfgang Maier, Frank Jessen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is defined as medication with uncertain therapeutic effects and/or potential adverse drug reactions outweighing the clinical benefits. The prescription rate of PIM for oldest-old patients is high despite the existence of lists of PIM (e.g. the PRISCUS list) and efforts to raise awareness. This study aims at identifying general practitioners' views on PIM and aspects affecting the (long-term) use of PIM. METHODS: As part of the CIM-TRIAD study, we conducted semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 47 general practitioners, discussing 25 patients with and 22 without PIM (according to the PRISCUS list)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212315/developmental-programming-of-adult-disease-reprogramming-by-melatonin
#11
REVIEW
You-Lin Tain, Li-Tung Huang, Chien-Ning Hsu
Adult-onset chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can originate from early life through so-called the "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD) or "developmental programming". The DOHaD concept offers the "reprogramming" strategy to shift the treatment from adulthood to early life, before clinical disease is apparent. Melatonin, an endogenous indoleamine produced by the pineal gland, has pleiotropic bioactivities those are beneficial in a variety of human diseases. Emerging evidence support that melatonin is closely inter-related to other proposed mechanisms contributing to the developmental programming of a variety of chronic NCDs...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211981/first-report-of-factors-associated-with-satisfaction-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#13
Eric Riklin, Mojtaba Talaei-Kheoi, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patient satisfaction is an integral part of quality health care. We assessed whether health literacy and psychosocial factors are associated with patient satisfaction among adults with neurofibromatosis. Eighty adults (mean age = 44 years; 55% female, 87% white) with NF (50% NF1, 41% NF2, and 9% schwannomatosis) completed an adapted Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire (FCCHL), the Health Literacy Assessment, a series of Patient Reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) psychosocial tests, and demographics before the medical visit...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211618/a-comparison-between-lynch-syndrome-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-survivors-satisfaction-with-their-healthcare-providers
#14
Allison M Burton-Chase, Wendy M Parker, Katrina M Polivka, Ellen R Gritz, Christopher I Amos, Karen H Lu, Patrick M Lynch, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Y Nancy You, Susan K Peterson
This study evaluated provider satisfaction in a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with and without Lynch syndrome (LS). Participants were case-case-matched CRC survivors with (n = 75) or without (n = 75) LS (mean age of 55; range: 27-93). Participants completed a mailed questionnaire assessing demographics, clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, psychosocial variables, and provider satisfaction. LS CRC survivors reported lower provider satisfaction scores on three subscales of the Primary Care Assessment Survey: communication (78...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#15
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211001/content-analysis-of-resident-evaluations-of-faculty-anesthesiologists-supervision-encompasses-some-attributes-of-the-professionalism-core-competency
#16
Franklin Dexter, Debra Szeluga, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology departments need an instrument with which to assess practicing anesthesiologists' professionalism. The purpose of this retrospective analysis of the content of a cohort of resident evaluations of faculty anesthesiologists was to investigate the relationship between a clinical supervision scale and the multiple attributes of professionalism. METHODS: From July 1, 2013 to the present, our department has utilized the de Oliveira Filho unidimensional nine-item supervision scale to assess the quality of clinical supervision of residents provided by our anesthesiologists...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210771/factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#17
REVIEW
Selina M Parry, Laura D Knight, Bronwen Connolly, Claire Baldwin, Zudin Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Jessica Mortimore, Nicholas Hart, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for survivors of critical illness to participate in physical activity in the ICU and post-ICU settings from the perspective of patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. METHODS: Systematic review of articles using five electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus. Quantitative and qualitative studies that were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal and assessed barriers or enablers for survivors of critical illness to perform physical activity were included...
February 16, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210321/telemedicine-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Nicolino Ambrosino, Guido Vagheggini, Stefano Mazzoleni, Michele Vitacca
: Telemedicine is a medical application of advanced technology to disease management. This modality may provide benefits also to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Different devices and systems are used. The legal problems associated with telemedicine are still controversial. Economic advantages for healthcare systems, though potentially high, are still poorly investigated. A European Respiratory Society Task Force has defined indications, follow-up, equipment, facilities, legal and economic issues of tele-monitoring of COPD patients including those undergoing home mechanical ventilation...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209948/-digital-technology-in-clinical-surgery-and-rehabilitation
#19
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, V D Daminov, S A Epifanov, A A Zuev, P D Kuzmin, D A Makhnev
: This article is devoted to a very actual and insufficiently imagine in the literature theme - innovation and digital technologies in clinical surgery and rehabilitation. AIM: To schow posibilities of modern digital and information technologies in clinical practice based on the experience of the Pirogov Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of experience in the application of innovative technologies, robotic surgery, intraoperative navigation computer, robotic systems in medical rehabilitation, integrated operating room, surgical video communication systems in service of those doing the Pirogov Center for the past 10 years...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208886/nurses-perceptions-of-the-concept-of-power-in-nursing-a-qualitative-research
#20
Rana Rezai Sepasi, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fariba Borhani, Hossein Rafiei
INTRODUCTION: Power is a complex and extensive concept in nursing, which has a decisive impact on the accomplishment of duties, satisfaction and achievement of professional goals. Explaining the concept of power in nursing from the perspective of nurses and accessing its various dimensions may result in a better understanding of this issue. AIM: This study was aimed to explore the concept of power in nursing, using the views and experiences of Iranian nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a qualitative research which used a content analysis approach...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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