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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422641/supporting-stroke-motor-recovery-through-a-mobile-application-a-pilot-study
#1
Sonia Lawson, Ziying Tang, Jinjuan Feng
Neuroplasticity and motor learning are promoted with repetitive movement, appropriate challenge, and performance feedback. ARMStrokes, a smartphone application, incorporates these qualities to support motor recovery. Engaging exercises are easily accessible for improved compliance. In a multiple-case, mixed-methods pilot study, the potential of this technology for stroke motor recovery was examined. Exercises calibrated to the participant's skill level targeted forearm, elbow, and shoulder motions for a 6-wk protocol...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419834/sex-differences-in-autonomic-response-and-situational-appraisal-of-a-competitive-situation-in-young-adults
#2
Diana Abad-Tortosa, Adrián Alacreu-Crespo, Raquel Costa, Alicia Salvador, Miguel Ángel Serrano
Competition is a social stressor capable of eliciting physiological responses modulated by the outcome. The main objective of this study was to analyze the psychophysiological changes associated with competition and its outcome in men and women, taking into account the role of situational appraisal. To this end, 112 young people (46 men and 66 women) participated in a laboratory task in a competitive or non-competitive condition, while Blood Pressure (BP), Heart Rate Variability (HRV), and Skin Conductance (SC) responses were measured...
April 15, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409397/the-effect-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-populations
#3
Nicholas G Allen, Samuel M Higham, Amy E Mendham, Tegan E Kastelein, Penelope S Larsen, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT; 30 s sprint, 4-5 min passive recovery) and prolonged intermittent sprint training (PIST; 10 s sprint, 2-3 min moderate exercise) on the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aerobic capacity, and anthropometry in a middle-aged, sedentary population. METHODS: Fifty-five sedentary adults (age 49.2 ± 6.1 years) were randomised into HIIT (n = 20), PIST (n = 21), or a sedentary control group (CTRL n = 14)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400883/rehabilitation-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#4
REVIEW
Ourania Nikolaidou, Stefania Migkou, Christos Karampalis
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a very common condition that is often incapacitating. Whether non-surgical or surgical, successful management of rotator cuff disease is dependent on appropriate rehabilitation. If conservative management is insufficient, surgical repair is often indicated. Postsurgical outcomes for patients having had rotator cuff repair can be quite good. A successful outcome is much dependent on surgical technique as it is on rehabilitation. Numerous rehabilitation protocols for the management of rotator cuff disease are based primarily on clinical experience and expert opinion...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397006/acute-effect-of-stretching-one-leg-on-regional-arterial-stiffness-in-young-men
#5
Yosuke Yamato, Natsuki Hasegawa, Shumpei Fujie, Shigehiko Ogoh, Motoyuki Iemitsu
PURPOSE: Our previous study demonstrated that a single bout of stretching exercises acutely reduced arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that this acute vascular response is due to regional mechanical stimulation of the peripheral arteries. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of a single bout of passive one leg stretching on arterial stiffness, comparing the stretched and the non-stretched leg in the same subject. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy young men (20...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381445/high-intensity-interval-training-improves-performance-in-young-and-older-individuals-by-increasing-mechanical-efficiency
#6
Georges Jabbour, Horia-Daniel Iancu, Pascale Mauriège, Denis R Joanisse, Luc J Martin
This study evaluated the effects of 6 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on mechanical efficiency (ME) in young and older groups. Seventeen healthy young adults [26.2(2.4) year], and thirteen healthy older adults [54.5(2.3) year] completed a 6-week HIIT intervention (three sessions per week) on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer. Each HIIT session contained six repetitions of supramaximal exercise intervals (6 seconds each) with 2 min of passive recovery between each repetition...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375299/passive-q-switching-of-an-er-yb-glass-laser-with-co-mg-al-ga-sub-2-sub-o-sub-4-sub-based-glass-ceramics
#7
V Vitkin, P Loiko, O Dymshits, A Zhilin, I Alekseeva, D Sabitova, A Polishchuk, A Malyarevich, X Mateos, K Yumashev
Transparent glass-ceramics (GCs) containing Co:Mg(Al,Ga)<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> nanocrystals (mean diameter of 7-9 nm) are synthesized by heat treatments at 850-950°C from magnesium aluminosilicate glass nucleated by TiO<sub>2</sub> and doped with Ga<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> and CoO. The GCs exhibit a broadband A<sub>2</sub>4(F4)→T<sub>1</sub>4(F4) absorption due to the Co<sup>2+</sup> ions, low saturation fluence (∼0...
March 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374096/the-intensive-care-medicine-research-agenda-in-nutrition-and-metabolism
#8
REVIEW
Yaseen M Arabi, Michael P Casaer, Marianne Chapman, Daren K Heyland, Carole Ichai, Paul E Marik, Robert G Martindale, Stephen A McClave, Jean-Charles Preiser, Jean Reignier, Todd W Rice, Greet Van den Berghe, Arthur R H van Zanten, Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE: The objectives of this review are to summarize the current practices and major recent advances in critical care nutrition and metabolism, review common beliefs that have been contradicted by recent trials, highlight key remaining areas of uncertainty, and suggest recommendations for the top 10 studies/trials to be done in the next 10 years. METHODS: Recent literature was reviewed and developments and knowledge gaps were summarized. The panel identified candidate topics for future trials in critical care nutrition and metabolism...
April 3, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374007/contribution-of-resting-conductance-gabaa-receptor-mediated-miniature-synaptic-currents-and-neurosteroid-to-chloride-homeostasis-in-central-neurons
#9
Tushar D Yelhekar, Michael Druzin, Staffan Johansson
Maintenance of a low intraneuronal Cl(-) concentration, [Cl(-)]i, is critical for inhibition in the CNS. Here, the contribution of passive, conductive Cl(-) flux to recovery of [Cl(-)]i after a high load was analyzed in mature central neurons from rat. A novel method for quantifying the resting Cl(-) conductance, important for [Cl(-)]i recovery, was developed and the possible contribution of GABAA and glycine receptors and of ClC-2 channels to this conductance was analyzed. The hypothesis that spontaneous, action potential-independent release of GABA is important for [Cl(-)]i recovery was tested...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372082/big-brown-bats-eptesicus-fuscus-maintain-hearing-sensitivity-after-exposure-to-intense-band-limited-noise
#10
Andrea Megela Simmons, Kelsey N Hom, James A Simmons
Thresholds to short-duration narrowband frequency-modulated (FM) sweeps were measured in six big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) in a two-alternative forced choice passive listening task before and after exposure to band-limited noise (lower and upper frequencies between 10 and 50 kHz, 1 h, 116-119 dB sound pressure level root mean square; sound exposure level 152 dB). At recovery time points of 2 and 5 min post-exposure, thresholds varied from -4 to +4 dB from pre-exposure threshold estimates. Thresholds after sham (control) exposures varied from -6 to +2 dB from pre-exposure estimates...
March 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369886/efficacy-of-feline-anti-parvovirus-antibodies-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvovirus-infection
#11
M Gerlach, A L Proksch, S Unterer, S Speck, U Truyen, K Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study aimed to evaluate efficacy of commercially available feline anti-parvovirus antibodies in dogs with canine parvovirus infection. METHODS: First, cross-protection of feline panleukopenia virus antibodies against canine parvovirus was evaluated in vitro. In the subsequent prospective clinical trial, 31 dogs with clinical signs of canine parvovirus infection and a positive faecal canine parvovirus polymerase chain reaction were randomly assigned to a group receiving feline panleukopenia virus antibodies (n=15) or placebo (n=16)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360825/ingestion-of-oxygenated-water-enhances-lactate-clearance-kinetics-in-trained-runners
#12
Neil Fleming, Jeremiah Vaughan, Matthew Feeback
BACKGROUND: Drinks with higher dissolved oxygen concentrations have in recent times gained popularity as a potential ergogenic aid, despite a lack of evidence regarding their efficacy. The aim of this study was to assess effects of ingestion of an oxygen supplement (OS) on exercise performance and post-exercise recovery in a group of trained runners. METHODS: Trained male runners (n = 25, mean ± SD; age 23 ± 6 years, mass 70 ± 9 kg, BMI 21.9 ± 2...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357792/preliminary-recovery-study-of-a-commercial-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-for-the-extraction-of-glyphosate-and-ampa-in-different-environmental-waters-using-ms
#13
Bérengère Claude, Catherine Berho, Sami Bayoudh, Laurence Amalric, Emeline Coisy, Reine Nehmé, Philippe Morin
A commercial molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) dedicated to glyphosate (GLY) and its main metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), was lately assessed as "POCIS-like" sampler on mineral water. The obtained results were encouraging with 111 and 122 mL day(-1) as sampling rates for GLY and AMPA, respectively. Therefore, before applying this passive sampler to environmental waters, the commercial phase was tested on different water matrices as a solid-phase extraction (SPE) device. The SPE protocol was carried on 250 mg of MIP with the following three steps: conditioning by Milli-Q water, loading of the sample (15 mL), and elution of the analytes by 4 mL 0...
March 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348524/recovery-of-sentence-production-processes-following-language-treatment-in-aphasia-evidence-from-eyetracking
#14
Jennifer E Mack, Michaela Nerantzini, Cynthia K Thompson
Introduction: Sentence production impairments in aphasia often improve with treatment. However, little is known about how cognitive processes supporting sentence production, such as sentence planning, are impacted by treatment. Methods: The present study used eyetracking to examine changes in sentence production resulting from a 12-week language treatment program focused on passive sentences (Treatment of Underlying Forms (TUF); Thompson and Shapiro, 2005). In two pre-treatment and two post-treatment sessions, nine participants with mild-to-moderate agrammatic aphasia performed a structural priming task, which involved repeating primed sentences (actives or passives) and then, using the same verb, producing sentences describing pictured events...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344739/effect-of-caffeine-on-near-maximal-blood-pressure-and-blood-pressure-recovery-in-physically-active-college-aged-females
#15
Laura E Connahan, Christopher A Ott, Vaughn W Barry
The purpose of this study is to determine how caffeine affects exercise blood pressure (BP) and active and passive recovery BP after vigorous intensity exercise in physically active college-aged females. Fifteen physically active, ACSM stratified low-risk females (age (y): 23.53 ± 4.07, weight (kg): 60.34 ± 3.67, height (cm): 165.14 ± 7.20, BMI (kg/m(2)): 22.18 ± 1.55) participated in two Bruce protocol exercise tests. Before each test participants consumed 1) a placebo or 2) 3.3 mg·kg(-1) of caffeine at least one hour before exercise in a counterbalanced double-blinded fashion...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320650/svbrdf-invariant-shape-and-reflectance-estimation-from-a-light-field-camera
#16
Ting-Chun Wang, Manmohan Chandraker, A Alyosha Efros, Ravi Ramamoorthi
Light-field cameras have recently emerged as a powerful tool for one-shot passive 3D shape capture. However, obtaining the shape of glossy objects like metals or plastics remains challenging, since standard Lambertian cues like photo-consistency cannot be easily applied. In this paper, we derive a spatially-varying (SV)BRDF-invariant theory for recovering 3D shape and reflectance from light-field cameras. Our key theoretical insight is a novel analysis of diffuse plus single-lobe SVBRDFs under a light-field setup...
March 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317947/parietal-operculum-and-motor-cortex-activities-predict-motor-recovery-in-moderate-to-severe-stroke
#17
Firdaus Fabrice Hannanu, Thomas A Zeffiro, Laurent Lamalle, Olivier Heck, Félix Renard, Antoine Thuriot, Alexandre Krainik, Marc Hommel, Olivier Detante, Assia Jaillard
While motor recovery following mild stroke has been extensively studied with neuroimaging, mechanisms of recovery after moderate to severe strokes of the types that are often the focus for novel restorative therapies remain obscure. We used fMRI to: 1) characterize reorganization occurring after moderate to severe subacute stroke, 2) identify brain regions associated with motor recovery and 3) to test whether brain activity associated with passive movement measured in the subacute period could predict motor outcome six months later...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298050/intra-articular-steroid-injection-for-frozen-shoulder
#18
Yaying Sun, Peng Zhang, Shaohua Liu, Hong Li, Jia Jiang, Shiyi Chen, Jiwu Chen
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular steroid injection is a common intervention for frozen shoulder (FS). PURPOSE: This review aimed to illustrate the effects of intra-articular steroid injection for FS. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing intra-articular steroid injection with no injection or sham injections for FS...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294397/monitoring-chemical-and-biological-recovery-at-a-confined-aquatic-disposal-site-oslofjord-norway
#19
Amy M P Oen, Arne Pettersen, Espen Eek, Tormod Glette, Lucy Brooks, Gijs D Breedveld
The recovery of the confined aquatic disposal (CAD) facility located at Malmøykalven in Oslofjord, Norway has been assessed using an array of field measurement techniques. These methods were used prior to the disposal of dredged sediments as well as during 3 annual post-disposal monitoring campaigns. Traditional sampling to assess chemical recovery indicate an immediate reduction in total sediment concentrations and surface sediments can be characterized as having good quality. Deposition of new material indicates that the quality of depositing material at the CAD is stabile and representative of the natural background quality in the area...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288530/trajectories-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-stroke-results-from-a-one-year-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Maria van Mierlo, Caroline van Heugten, Marcel W M Post, Trynke Hoekstra, Anne Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: To identify trajectories of physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQoL) from two months to one-year post stroke and to determine the factors that are associated with trajectory membership. METHOD: Multicenter prospective cohort study in which 351 stroke patients were followed up at 2, 6, and 12 months post stroke. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to determine trajectories of physical and psychosocial HRQoL. Multinomial regression analyses were performed to predict trajectory membership...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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