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Passive recovery

Carissa A Low, Dana H Bovbjerg, Steven Ahrendt, M Haroon Choudry, Matthew Holtzman, Heather L Jones, James F Pingpank, Lekshmi Ramalingam, Herbert J Zeh, Amer H Zureikat, David L Bartlett
Background: Postoperative ambulation is encouraged to promote timely recovery but is rarely monitored objectively or examined as a predictor of clinical outcomes, despite growing availability of wearable devices that allow passive quantification and remote real-time monitoring of the number of steps taken during recovery. Purpose: To determine whether the number of steps taken during inpatient recovery predicts 30- and 60-day readmission risk after metastatic cancer surgery...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
R J Cong, J F Liu, Y Jiang, Duolikun Dilixiati, X D Hou, L P Zheng
Objective: To explore the influence of the lower extremity abnormal alignment and the joint surface, and to explore the surgical skills. Methods: Twenty-two cases of tibial plateau Schatzker Ⅵ fracture internal fixation failure revision from January 2012 to January 2017 in Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai 10(th) Hospital.One year follow-up after initial surgery to make sure of failure.Three-dimensional CT scan, radiography, infection index, gait analysis, knee joint ROM, femur tibia angle, tibial plateau tibial shaft angle and posterior slope if tibial plateau were observed...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Nikos C Apostolopoulos, Ian M Lahart, Michael J Plyley, Jack Taunton, Alan M Nevill, Yiannis Koutedakis, Matthew Wyon, George S Metsios
Effects of passive static stretching intensity on recovery from unaccustomed eccentric exercise of right knee extensors was investigated in 30 recreationally active males randomly allocated into three groups: high-intensity (70-80% maximum perceived stretch), low-intensity (30-40% maximum perceived stretch), and control. Both stretching groups performed 3 sets of passive static stretching exercises of 60s each for hamstrings, hip flexors, and quadriceps, over 3 consecutive days, post-unaccustomed eccentric exercise...
March 12, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Chen-Li Ding, Yan-Tao Ma, Qiang-Min Huang, Qing-Guang Liu, Jia-Min Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To attempt to establish an objective quantitative indicator to characterize the trigger point activity, so as to evaluate the effect of dry needling on myofascial trigger point activity. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group, dry needling (needling) group, stretching exercise (stretching) group and needling plus stretching group ( n =6 per group). The chronic myofascial pain (trigger point) model was established by freedom vertical fall of a wooden striking device onto the mid-point of gastrocnemius belly of the left hind-limb to induce contusion, followed by forcing the rat to make a continuous downgrade running exercise at a speed of 16 m/min for 90 min on the next day which was conducted once a week for 8 weeks...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Alexander Hoorntje, Lauren M Wink, Brent F W van der Doelen, Michel P van den Bekerom, Rienk Dekker, C Niek van Dijk, Rover Krips, Masja C M Loogman, Milan L Ridderikhof, Frank F Smithuis, Sjoerd A S Stufkens, Evert A L M Verhagen, Rob A de Bie, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
This guideline aimed to advance current understandings regarding the diagnosis, prevention and therapeutic interventions for ankle sprains by updating the existing guideline and incorporate new research. A secondary objective was to provide an update related to the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic procedures, therapeutic interventions and prevention strategies. It was posited that subsequent interaction of clinicians with this guideline could help reduce health impairments and patient burden associated with this prevalent musculoskeletal injury...
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
David M Love, John S Sperry
Little is known about the ability of trees to recover hydraulic conductance (k) within a growing season by regrowth or refilling of embolized conduits. Recovery of k lost to drought or other causes would prevent chronic reductions in gas exchange and productivity. To test recovery ability we conducted a 2-year experiment (2014-15) on a cohort of aspen ramets (Populus tremuloides, Michx.). Whole-tree k was measured from mid-June through September from sapflow (Q) and pre-dawn and mid-day xylem pressure. We induced embolism in the treatment group with high air pressure delivered by a split pressure chamber sealed around the main trunk...
March 2, 2018: Tree Physiology
Mario B Pesendorfer, T Scott Sillett, Scott A Morrison
Scatter hoarding by corvids (crows, jays, magpies, and nutcrackers) provides seed dispersal for many large-seeded plants, including oaks and pines. When hoarding seeds, corvids often choose nonrandom locations throughout the landscape, resulting in differential survival of seeds. In the context of habitat restoration, such disproportional storing of seeds in areas suitable for germination and establishment can accelerate expansion and recovery of large-seeded tree populations and their associated ecosystems...
August 2017: Current Zoology
Holly P Jones, Peter C Jones, Edward B Barbier, Ryan C Blackburn, Jose M Rey Benayas, Karen D Holl, Michelle McCrackin, Paula Meli, Daniel Montoya, David Moreno Mateos
Given that few ecosystems on the Earth have been unaffected by humans, restoring them holds great promise for stemming the biodiversity crisis and ensuring ecosystem services are provided to humanity. Nonetheless, few studies have documented the recovery of ecosystems globally or the rates at which ecosystems recover. Even fewer have addressed the added benefit of actively restoring ecosystems versus allowing them to recover without human intervention following the cessation of a disturbance. Our meta-analysis of 400 studies worldwide that document recovery from large-scale disturbances, such as oil spills, agriculture and logging, suggests that though ecosystems are progressing towards recovery following disturbances, they rarely recover completely...
February 28, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Ying-Bin Xing, Yin-Zi Liu, Nan Zhao, Rui-Ting Cao, Yi-Bo Wang, Yu Yang, Jing-Gang Peng, Hai-Qing Li, Lu-Yun Yang, Neng-Li Dai, Jin-Yan Li
We demonstrate the almost complete 2 µm laser power recovery of the gamma-ray-irradiated thulium (Tm)-doped silica fiber under deuterium loading. The optical-optical slope efficiency and the cladding absorption spectra of the Tm-doped fiber with gamma-ray irradiation and deuterium treatment have been measured for comparison. It was found that the slope efficiency of the irradiated Tm-doped fiber could be recovered to 96.1% of the pristine after deuterium bleaching, which significantly degraded from 60.7% to 25...
March 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Shuxiang Li, Han Sun, Xiaomin Luo, Kun Wang, Guofeng Wu, Jian Zhou, Peng Wang, Xiaoliang Sun
BACKGROUND: The argument on the recommended rehabilitation protocol following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair remains to be resolved. So this meta-analysis was presented to evaluate the differences of clinical effects between the 2 distinct rehabilitation protocols after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE were systematically searched. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to July 25, 2017, comparing early passive motion (EPM) versus delayed passive motion (DPM) rehabilitation protocols following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were identified...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yeong Shiong Chiew, Chee Pin Tan, J Geoffrey Chase, Yeong Woei Chiew, Thomas Desaive, Azrina Md Ralib, Mohd Basri Mat Nor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Respiratory mechanics estimation can be used to guide mechanical ventilation (MV) but is severely compromised when asynchronous breathing occurs. In addition, asynchrony during MV is often not monitored and little is known about the impact or magnitude of asynchronous breathing towards recovery. Thus, it is important to monitor and quantify asynchronous breathing over every breath in an automated fashion, enabling the ability to overcome the limitations of model-based respiratory mechanics estimation during asynchronous breathing ventilation...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Letitia Campbell, Ashley Smith, Leanne McGregor, Michele Sterling
OBJECTIVES: To assess which psychological factors are important in the development of chronic whiplash symptoms. METHODS: Searches were conducted across PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and PsychINFO up until March 2017. Studies were included if they investigated psychological prognostic factors in association with recovery from a whiplash injury. Studies also had to be prospective, cohort, follow-up or observational studies, have a 6 month follow up and published in English...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Christopher P Childers, Anaar E Siletz, Emily S Singer, Claire Faltermeier, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Gregory J Golladay, Stephen L Kates, Elizabeth C Wick, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons
Background: Use of enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) can improve patient outcomes, yet national implementation of these pathways remains low. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ; funder), the American College of Surgeons, and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patent Safety and Quality have developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery-a national effort to catalyze implementation of practices to improve perioperative care and enhance recovery of surgical patients...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Marco Franceschini, Michela Goffredo, Sanaz Pournajaf, Stefano Paravati, Maurizio Agosti, Francesco De Pisi, Daniele Galafate, Federico Posteraro
BACKGROUND: Upper limb recovery is one of the main goals of post-stroke rehabilitation due to its importance for autonomy in Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Although the efficacy of upper limb Robot-assisted Therapy (RT) is well established in literature, the impact of the initial status of the patient on the effects of RT is still understudied. This paper aims to identify whether demographic, clinical and motor characteristics of stroke patients may influence the ability to independently perform ADL after RT...
2018: PloS One
Maria C Madueno, Vincent J Dalbo, Joshua H Guy, Kate E Giamarelos, Tania Spiteri, Aaron T Scanlan
PURPOSE: To investigate the physiological and performance effects of active and passive recovery between repeated-change-of-direction (RCOD) sprints. METHODS: Eight semi-professional basketball players (age: 19.9 ± 1.5 yr; stature: 183.0 ± 9.6 cm; body mass: 77.7 ± 16.9 kg; body fat: 11.8 ± 6.3%; VO2peak : 46.1 ± 7.6 mL·kg-1 ·min-1 ) completed 12 x 20-m RCOD sprints (Agility 5-0-5 Tests) interspersed with 20 s of active (50% maximal aerobic speed) or passive recovery in a randomized cross-over design...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Jan Kodejška, Jiří Baláš, Nick Draper
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of two cold water immersion (CWI) temperatures (15° C and 8° C) on repeat handgrip performance to failure. METHODS: Thirty-two participants completed three intermittent trials to failure on a climbing-specific handgrip dynamometer on three laboratory visits. For each visit a different recovery strategy was employed: passive recovery (PAS), cold water immersion at 8° C (CW8) or 15° C (CW15). The force time integral (FTI - time of contraction multiplied by the force of contraction) was determined to assess handgrip performance...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Yi Zhang, Xue Yang, Jun Qian, Xiaohong Gu, Jue Zhang, Jie Liu, Zhigang Hu
Anti-Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) IgM and IgG are useful serological markers for detection of MP infection. In this study, a simultaneous quantification of MP IgM and IgG was performed by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA). The europium-labeled anti-human IgM and samarium-labeled anti-human IgG were used as tracers, and MP IgM and IgG were recognized in serum samples. After dissociating europium and samarium ions from the immune complex, their fluorescence intensity was recorded and used to calculate the concentrations...
February 17, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Lauren P Lehmann, Jonna G Detweiler, Mark B Detweiler
OBJECTIVES: To assess the experiences of a veteran initiated horticultural therapy garden during their 28-day inpatient Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (SARRTP). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), Salem, Virginia, USA INTERVENTIONS: Group interviews with veterans from the last SARRTP classes and individual interviews with VAMC greenhouse staff in summer of 2016. OUTCOME MEASURES: Time spent in garden, frequency of garden visits, types of passive and active garden activities, words describing the veterans' emotional reactions to utilizing the garden...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Sean T O'Donnell, Michael D Caldwell, Morton A Barlaz, Jeremy W F Morris
Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in the USA are regulated under Subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), which includes the requirement to protect human health and the environment (HHE) during the post-closure care (PCC) period. Several approaches have been published for assessment of potential threats to HHE. These approaches can be broadly divided into organic stabilization, which establishes an inert waste mass as the ultimate objective, and functional stability, which considers long-term emissions in the context of minimizing threats to HHE in the absence of active controls...
February 8, 2018: Waste Management
Iuliana Laura Calugaru, Carmen Mihaela Neculita, Thomas Genty, Gérald J Zagury
Circumneutral surface water and groundwater can contain hazardous concentrations of metals and metalloids that can threaten organisms in surrounding ecosystems. Extensive research has been conducted over the past two decades to prevent, limit, and treat water pollution. Among the currently available treatment options is the use of natural and residual materials, which is generally regarded as effective and inexpensive. The modification of such materials enhances the removal capacity of metals and metalloids, as well as the physical and chemical stability of the materials and resulting sludge (after treatment)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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