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hepatic hemangioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209117/application-of-superb-microvascular-imaging-in-focal-liver-lesions
#1
Meng-Na He, Ke Lv, Yu-Xin Jiang, Tian-An Jiang
AIM: To explore the ability of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) in differential diagnosis of focal liver lesions (FLLs) and to compare SMI morphology findings to those of color Doppler ultrasound and enhanced imaging. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with 31 FLLs were included in our study, with diagnoses of hemangioma (HE) (n = 17), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (n = 5), metastatic lesions (n = 5), primary hepatic lymphoma (n = 1), focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) (n = 2), and adenoma (n = 1)...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185949/atypical-presentation-of-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-study
#2
Ashley Sartori, Gayle Leary Omansky, Steven Ringer
Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is the most common benign hepatic tumor of infancy. It is characterized by rapid proliferation in the first year of life, followed by slow involution during childhood. Presentation can range from asymptomatic to severe, high-output congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this article is to review the case of an infant with an atypical presentation of IHH. It also addresses pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary team care.
November 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184815/transient-hypothyroidism-in-the-newborn-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#3
REVIEW
Neelakanta Kanike, Ajuah Davis, Prem S Shekhawat
Transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH) refers to a temporary deficiency of thyroid hormone identified after birth, with low thyroxine (T4) and elevated thyrotropin (TSH), which later recovers to improved thyroxine production, typically in first few months of infancy. Approximately 17% to 40% of children diagnosed with CH by newborn screening (NBS) programs were later determined to have transient hypothyroidism. Causes of transient CH are prematurity, iodine deficiency, maternal thyrotropin receptor blocking antibodies, maternal intake of anti-thyroid drugs, maternal or neonatal iodine exposure, loss of function mutations and hepatic hemangiomas...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167944/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-of-benign-liver-lesions
#4
Jessica G Zarzour, Kristin K Porter, Hisham Tchelepi, Michelle L Robbin
Liver lesions are often incidentally detected on ultrasound examination and may be incompletely characterized, requiring further imaging. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States for liver lesion characterization. CEUS has the ability to characterize focal liver lesions and has been shown to be superior to color Doppler and power Doppler ultrasound in the detection of tumor vascularity. Differentiating benign from malignant liver lesions is essential to characterizing liver lesions...
November 22, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159525/hepatic-tumors-of-vascular-origin-imaging-appearances
#5
Eric C Ehman, Michael S Torbenson, Michael L Wells, Brian T Welch, Scott M Thompson, Ishan Garg, Sudhakar K Venkatesh
A number of benign and malignant neoplasms may arise from the vascular elements within the liver parenchyma. Lesions discussed in this article include angiosarcoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, solitary fibrous tumor (hemangiopericytoma), infantile, and cavernous hemangiomas. Despite a common theme of vascular origin, the pathologic and imaging appearance of these entities can be heterogeneous. Angiosarcomas are bizarrely enhancing, highly aggressive tumors, which often present with metastatic disease...
November 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110981/distributive-shock-in-a-neonate-with-diffuse-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma
#6
James Brown, Rajan Arora, Usha Sethuraman
BACKGROUND: Hemangiomas are common cutaneous findings on healthy infants. These vascular malformations are generally benign, though in rare circumstances they can potentially be fatal. This is particularly true when the hemangiomas are large or numerous and occurring in visceral organs. Previously unrecognized visceral hemangiomas are part of the differential for any neonate presenting unexpectedly in shock. CASE REPORT: A 10-day-old neonate presented to the pediatric emergency department with difficulty breathing...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093616/radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatic-hemangiomas-a-consensus-from-a-chinese-panel-of-experts
#7
REVIEW
Jun Gao, Rui-Fang Fan, Jia-Yin Yang, Yan Cui, Jian-Song Ji, Kuan-Sheng Ma, Xiao-Long Li, Long Zhang, Chong-Liang Xu, Xin-Liang Kong, Shan Ke, Xue-Mei Ding, Shao-Hong Wang, Meng-Meng Yang, Jin-Jin Song, Bo Zhai, Chun-Ming Nin, Shi-Gang Guo, Zong-Hai Xin, Jun Lu, Yong-Hong Dong, Hua-Qiang Zhu, Wen-Bing Sun
Recent studies have shown that radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy is a safe, feasible, and effective procedure for hepatic hemangiomas, even huge hepatic hemangiomas. RF ablation has the following advantages in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas: minimal invasiveness, definite efficacy, high safety, fast recovery, relatively simple operation, and wide applicability. It is necessary to formulate a widely accepted consensus among the experts in China who have extensive expertise and experience in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas using RF ablation, which is important to standardize the application of RF ablation for the management of hepatic hemangiomas, regarding the selection of patients with suitable indications to receive RF ablation treatment, the technical details of the techniques, therapeutic effect evaluations, management of complications, etc...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029443/quantitative-evaluation-of-gd-eob-dtpa-uptake-in-focal-liver-lesions-by-using-t1-mapping-differences-between-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hepatic-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-and-cavernous-hemangioma
#8
Zhenpeng Peng, Chang Li, Tao Chan, Huasong Cai, Yanji Luo, Zhi Dong, Zi-Ping Li, Shi-Ting Feng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the difference of T1 relaxation time on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and cavernous hemangioma of liver (CHL), and to quantitatively evaluate the uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA in these three focal liver lesions (FLLs). RESULTS: The T1P of CHL was significantly higher than those of HCC and FNH (P < 0.05). Reduction of T1 relaxation time on hepatobiliary phase could be observed in all three types of lesions...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025295/ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-for-large-hepatic-cavernous-hemangiomas
#9
Fangyi Liu, Xiaoling Yu, Ping Liang, Zhigang Cheng, Zhiyu Han, Jie Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) for large hepatic cavernous hemangiomas (HCHs) with ablation of the feeding artery and aspiration of blood from hemangioma simultaneously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2016, 40 patients (29 females, 11male; average age 43.25±7.65 years) with 42 giant hepatic hemangiomas (mean diameter7.02±1.55cm, range4.1-10.8 cm) were treated with image-guided percutaneous MWA with ablation of the feeding artery and aspiration of blood from hemangioma simultaneously...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983163/angioleiomyoma-of-uterus-masquerading-as-malignant-ovarian-tumor
#10
Sweta Singh, Monalisha Naik, Narbadyswari Deep Bag, Susama Patra
Uterine angioleiomyoma is rare. A 40-year-old nulliparous woman presented with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) for the past 2 years and mass per abdomen with severe dysmenorrhea for three cycles. She had received 8 units of packed cell transfusion outside. Clinical examination revealed a huge 32-week-sized abdominopelvic mass with irregular margins. Ultrasonography (USG) of the abdomen and pelvis showed a large solid cystic mass on the right side of the abdomen with a well-defined hypoechoeic rounded lesion of size 5...
July 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954086/hepatic-fascioliasis-in-mashhad-northeast-iran-first-report
#11
Alireza Badirzadeh, Sadaf Sabzevari
Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by a leaf-like worm (fluke) called Fasciola. Herein, we present a case of human hepatic fascioliasis. A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital for ambiguous gastrointestinal symptoms with suspected hemangioma. Hepatic fascioliasis was diagnosed using abdominal computed tomography and serology. He tested positive for the IgG antibody against Fasciola hepatica. The patient was treated successfully with triclabendazole. This is the first published report on the occurrence of fascioliasis in Northeast Iran, a non-endemic area for fascioliasis...
July 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898188/contrast-enhanced-us-approach-to-the-diagnosis-of-focal-liver-masses
#12
David P Burrowes, Alexandra Medellin, Allison C Harris, Laurent Milot, Stephanie R Wilson
Focal liver lesions are commonly encountered and often demonstrate nonspecific findings at initial imaging. Although most incidentally discovered liver lesions are benign, their noninvasive diagnosis is necessary, especially if they are large or atypical. Imaging characterization of focal liver lesions and exclusion of malignancy are of prime importance, particularly in high-risk populations. Contrast agent-enhanced ultrasonography of liver lesions is both accurate and reproducible for evaluation of benign and malignant liver tumors...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890069/shrinking-hepatic-hemangiomas-in-a-patient-treated-for-metastatic-germ-cell-tumor
#13
Reeta Barua, Alexander Magony, Korosh Khalili, Philippe L Bedard, Aaron R Hansen, Jeremy Lewin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881707/intratumoral-coagulation-by-radiofrequency-ablation-facilitated-the-laparoscopic-resection-of-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-surgical-technique-report-of-two-cases
#14
Shaohong Wang, Jun Gao, Mengmeng Yang, Shan Ke, Xuemei Ding, Jian Kong, Li Xu, Wenbing Sun
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, open hepatic resection is the first choice of treatment for symptomatic enlarging hepatic hemangiomas, which requires a large abdominal incision and is associated with substantial recovery time and morbidity. Minimally invasive laparoscopic resection has been used recently in liver surgery for treating selected hepatic hemangiomas. However, laparoscopic liver surgery poses the significant technical challenges and high rate of conversion. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been proved feasible in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas with a size range of 5...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879422/differentiating-primary-hepatic-angiosarcomas-from-hemangiomatosis-and-epithelioid-hemangioendotheliomas-using-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-and-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging
#15
Jung Wook Seo, Seong Hyun Kim, Ah Yeong Kim, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Ji Young Woo, Won Jeong Park
OBJECTIVES: To assess the value of gadoxetic acid-enhanced and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for differentiating primary hepatic angiosarcomas from hemangiomatosis and epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas (EHEs). METHODS: We reviewed MR images of seven patients with pathologically determined hepatic angiosarcomas, 11 patients with hemangiomatosis, and five patients with EHEs. Two radiologists assessed morphologic features, signal intensity (SI), enhancement patterns, and the presence of diffusion restriction by consensus and compared between angiosarcoma vs hemangiomatosis and angiosarcoma vs EHEs...
November 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859030/treatment-of-refractory-infantile-hemangiomas-and-pulmonary-hypertension-with-sirolimus-in-a-pediatric-patient
#16
Kelley K Hutchins, Robert D Ross, Daisuke Kobayashi, Alissa Martin, Madhvi Rajpurkar
Infantile hemangioma is a benign vascular neoplasm that spontaneously involutes over time. Management, when needed, consists of medications, laser treatment and surgical excision. We describe a 3-year-old girl who presented shortly after birth with diffuse cutaneous hemangiomas, hepatosplenomegaly with liver lesions, anemia, and acute heart failure. She was diagnosed with hepatic and cutaneous infantile hemangioma based on skin biopsy. She developed progressive pulmonary hypertension with numerous pulmonary nodules suspicious for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853804/-benign-focal-liver-lesions-a-clinical-radiological-and-pathological-review
#17
Karim Abdelrahman, Sabine Schmidt, Amedeo Sciarra, Christine Sempoux
Benign focal liver lesions are a heterogeneous group of tumors of different cellular origin. They might develop from mesenchymal cells, hepatocytes or cholangiocytes. They are more often detected due to the increasing number of imaging investigations and the excellent performance of the new ultrasound machines. The imaging findings have to be interpreted while bearing the patient's clinical context in mind. The aim of this review is to discuss the three most frequent benign focal hepatic lesions : hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatocellular adenoma...
August 30, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813771/hepatic-adenoma-a-case-report
#18
Hasan H Turaihi, Thavam C Thambi-Pillai
Although liver lesions in the young population are relatively rare, clinicians can benefit from being familiar with a subset of common benign liver lesions which include hepatic adenoma, hepatic hemangioma, and focal nodular hyperplasia. This a case report of a 25-year-old Jehovah's Witness female on chronic oral contraception for polycystic ovarian syndrome who presented with progressive right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Ultrasound and MRI findings were consistent with hepatic adenoma. A description of her clinical work up followed by a brief description of the surgical intervention is discussed...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812426/the-expression-of-etar-in-liver-cirrhosis-and-liver-cancer
#19
Juhong Deng, Yu Huang, Ran Tao, Xiangxue Fan, Hongyue Zhang, Hongyan Kong, Qiqing Song, Jiaquan Huang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the expression of endothelin receptors in liver diseases and discuss its role in the process of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the expressions of ETAR, ETBR and α-SMA in tissue samples using western blotting analysis. Furthermore, immunofluorescence was used to locate ETAR expression in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs), we calculated the percentage of positive cells and then analyzed its relation with clinical indexes...
September 2, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808574/anastomosing-haemangioma-of-liver-a-case-report
#20
Xiuhua Peng, Jin Li, Zonghui Liang
Anastomosing haemangioma (AH) is a recently described, unusual variant of capillary hemangioma that appears to be unique to the genitourinary system, with a particular proclivity for the kidney. AH is a subtype of capillary haemangioma, which is rarely encountered in clinical practice, particularly in the liver. We herein present the case of a 57-year-old woman with an incidental finding on magnetic resonance imaging of a local lesion in the liver, sized 3.3×3.0 cm. The patient underwent hepatectomy with a good postoperative recovery...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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