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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922582/-knowledge-and-perception-about-tuberculosis-among-public-transport-workers-in-lima-peru
#1
Danitza Lukac, Octavio Garaycochea, Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Laura Luque Bustamante, André Mujica-Vasquez, Dario Zamora
OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of knowledge and perception of tuberculosis among public transport workers attending Road Safety Education courses in Lima, Peru. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted between July and August 2014 in public transport workers attending the courses of Road Safety education. In Lima, such courses are mandatory for workers in the public transport area. An anonymous and voluntary survey was applied to obtain the following variables: sociodemographic characteristics, history of tuberculosis, tuberculosis knowledge and attitudes towards the disease...
November 23, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922202/current-practices-for-screening-consent-and-care-of-related-donors-in-france-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-coordinator-nurses-perceptions
#2
A Polomeni, C Bompoint, A Gomez, E Brissot, A Ruggeri, R Belhocine, M Mohty
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation-coordinating nurses (HSCT-CNs) play an important role in informing related donors (RDs) and in organising human leucocyte antigen (HLA) tests, pre-donation workup and stem cells collection. Our pilot study aimed to explore French HSCT-CNs' perceptions of RD care issues. Twenty-nine French HSCT adult units were sent a questionnaire on the subject of donation procedures, HSCT-CNs' data and their professional experience of related donation issues. Twenty-two HSCT-CNs returned a completed questionnaire, and 90% of HSCT units were involved to some degree in both patient and donor care...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921256/impact-of-bridging-income-generation-with-group-integrated-care-bigpic-on-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-rural-western-kenya
#3
Sonak D Pastakia, Simon M Manyara, Rajesh Vedanthan, Jemima H Kamano, Diana Menya, Benjamin Andama, Cleophas Chesoli, Jeremiah Laktabai
BACKGROUND: Rural settings in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) consistently report low participation in non-communicable disease (NCD) treatment programs and poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of the implementation of a patient-centered rural NCD care delivery model called Bridging Income Generation through grouP Integrated Care (BIGPIC). DESIGN: The study prospectively tracked participation and health outcomes for participants in a screening event and compared linkage frequencies to a historical comparison group...
December 5, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921165/left-ventricular-twist-mechanics-during-incremental-cycling-and-knee-extension-exercise-in-healthy-men
#4
Alexander Beaumont, John Hough, Nicholas Sculthorpe, Joanna Richards
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to investigate left ventricular (LV) twist mechanics in response to incremental cycling and isometric knee extension exercises. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy male participants (age = 30.42 ± 6.17 years) were used to study peak twist mechanics at rest and during incremental semi-supine cycling at 30 and 60% work rate maximum (W max) and during short duration (15 s contractions) isometric knee extension at 40 and 75% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921002/intention-for-cesarean-section-versus-vaginal-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-isfahan-correlates-and-determinants
#5
Zahra Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Farideh Khalajabadi-Farahani
BACKGROUND: Iran has the second highest rate of cesarean section in the world. the corresponding rate in the third metropolitan city of Iran, Isfahan, is even higher. This paper aimed to assess correlates and determinants of intention for cesarean section versus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) among pregnant women in Isfahan. METHODS: A study was conducted among 400 pregnant women aged 18-38 years, with gestational age of 24-40 weeks who attended labor clinics of nine hospitals in Isfahan during June and July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920312/dental-care-and-medicare-beneficiaries-access-gaps-cost-burdens-and-policy-options
#6
Amber Willink, Cathy Schoen, Karen Davis
Despite the wealth of evidence that oral health is related to physical health, Medicare explicitly excludes dental care from coverage, leaving beneficiaries at risk for tooth decay and periodontal disease and exposed to high out-of-pocket spending. To profile these risks, we examined access to dental care across income groups and types of insurance coverage in 2012. High-income beneficiaries were almost three times as likely to have received dental care in the previous twelve months, compared to low-income beneficiaries-74 percent of whom received no dental care...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919728/voluntary-running-improves-depressive-behaviours-and-the-structure-of-the-hippocampus-in-rats-a-possible-impact-of-myokines
#7
Magda A Eldomiaty, Shaima M Almasry, Maha K Desouky, Sami A Algaidi
This study investigated the impact of voluntary exercise on depressive behaviours, serum and hippocampal levels of myokines, and histopathological features of hippocampal formation in rats. Depressed rats were allowed to voluntarily run on a wheel for 3 weeks. Locomotor activity was assessed by a forced swimming test and the myokine levels in sera and hippocampal homogenates were measured using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay. Brain sections were analysed for hippocampal structure and neuronal counts. Voluntary running produced significant increase in the distance moved by rats and significant decrease in immobility duration...
December 2, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919502/motor-fatigability-after-low-intensity-hand-grip-exercises-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Deborah Severijns, Mieke Lemmens, Ronald Thoelen, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: During maximal, sustained contractions, persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) show higher motor fatigability in comparison with healthy persons. It is not known if motor fatigability is also different between PwMS and healthy persons during low-intensity exercises. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the difference in hand grip fatigability between healthy persons and PwMS for both hands during low-intensity hand grip exercises. METHODS: 19 PwMS and 19 healthy controls performed 18min of hand grip exercises at a maximum of 25% of the maximal voluntary strength, with an electronic hand dynamometer...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919481/effect-of-slow-release-fampridine-on-muscle-strength-rate-of-force-development-functional-capacity-and-cognitive-function-in-an-enriched-population-of-ms-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#9
H B Jensen, J L Nielsen, M Ravnborg, U Dalgas, P Aagaard, E Stenager
DESIGN: This study was conducted as a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled parallel group trial preceded by open label enrichment phase. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were 1) to examine the effect of SR-Fampridine treatment on muscle strength in terms of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and rate of force development (RFD) of the lower extremities and 2) to replicate previously published data on the effect of slow release-Fampridine (SR-Fampridine) on the functional capacity of the lower limbs, the upper limb and cognitive function, in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS)...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919400/a-novel-concept-for-integrating-and-delivering-health-information-using-a-comprehensive-digital-dashboard-an-analysis-of-healthcare-professionals-intention-to-adopt-a-new-system-and-the-trend-of-its-real-usage
#10
Keehyuck Lee, Se Young Jung, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo, Hyun Young Baek, Rong-Min Baek, Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new concept of medical dashboard system called BESTBoard. Such a system was implemented in all wards in a tertiary academic hospital to explore the development process, core designs, functions, usability and feasibility. METHODS: The task-force team made user interface designs for 6 months based on a need analysis. Hardware configuration and software development was carried out for 3 months. We conducted a survey of 383 physicians and nurses to determine the usability and feasibility of the system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919269/comparison-of-voluntary-food-intake-and-palatability-of-commercial-weight-loss-diets-in-healthy-dogs-and-cats
#11
Marie Anne Hours, Emmanuelle Sagols, Ariane Junien-Castagna, Alexandre Feugier, Delphine Moniot, Ingrid Daniel, Vincent Biourge, Serisier Samuel, Yann Queau, Alexander J German
BACKGROUND: Obesity in dogs and cats is usually managed by dietary energy restriction using a purpose-formulated weight loss diet, but signs of hunger and begging commonly occur causing poor owner compliance. Altering diet characteristics so as to reduce voluntary food intake (VFI) can improve the likelihood of success, although this should not be at the expense of palatability. The aim of the current study was to compare the VFI and palatibility of novel commercially available canine and feline weight loss diets...
December 5, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918960/effects-of-knee-action-phase-and-fatigue-on-rectus-femoris-and-biceps-femoris-co-activation-during-the-eggbeater-kick
#12
Nuno Oliveira, Ross H Sanders
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of knee extension/flexion and fatigue on muscle co-activation of the Rectus Femoris (RF) and Biceps Femoris (BF) during the eggbeater kick. Ten national level male water polo players executed eggbeater kicks at maximum effort for the duration of the test. The eggbeater kick cycle was divided into four phases (FLX1, FLX2, EXT1, EXT2). Surface electromyographs were recorded from RF and BF. EMG activity normalized to the maximum voluntary isometric contraction, muscle co-activation (CCI) and angular velocity (AV) of the right and left knee were calculated...
December 2, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918690/the-advantages-of-normalizing-emg-to-ballistic-rather-than-isometric-or-isokinetic-tasks
#13
Stephen M Suydam, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan
Isometric tasks have been a standard for electromyography (EMG) normalization stemming from anatomic and physiologic stability observed during contraction. Ballistic dynamic tasks have the benefit of eliciting maximum EMG signals for normalization, despite having the potential for greater signal variability. It is the purpose of this study to compare maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) to non-isometric tasks with increasing degrees of extrinsic variability, i.e., joint range of motion, velocity, rate of contraction, etc...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918667/neuromuscular-fatigue-aetiology-after-repeated-sprints-depends-on-exercise-modality
#14
Katja Tomazin, Jean-Benoit Morin, Guillaume Y Millet
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare neuromuscular fatigue induced by repeated sprint running vs cycling. METHODS: Eleven active male participants performed two repeated maximal sprint protocol (5×6 s, 24-s rest periods, 4 sets, 3-min between sets), one in running (treadmill) and one in cycling (cycle ergometer). Neuromuscular function, evaluated before (PRE), 30 s after the first (S1), the second (S2), and the last set (LAST), and 5 min after the last set (POST5), consisted in determining knee extensors maximal voluntary torque (MVC), voluntary activation (VA), single twitch (Tw), high- (Db100) and low- (Db10) frequency torque, and maximal muscle compound action potential (M-wave) amplitude and duration of vastus lateralis...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918654/cold-water-immersion-and-contrast-water-therapy-do-not-improve-short-term-recovery-following-resistance-training
#15
Christos K Argus, James R Broatch, Aaron C Petersen, Remco Polman, David J Bishop, Shona Halson
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to recover quickly is important when there is limited time between training and competition. As such, recovery strategies are commonly used to expedite the recovery process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT) compared to control on short-term recovery (<4h) following a single full-body resistance training session. METHODS: Thirteen males (age, 26 ± 5 years; weight, 79 ± 7 kg; height, 177 ± 5 cm) were assessed for perceptual (fatigue and soreness) and performance measures (maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors, weighted and unweighted countermovement jumps) prior to and immediately following the training session...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918639/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-protocol-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvoviral-enteritis
#16
Emilee C Venn, Karolina Preisner, Pedro L Boscan, David C Twedt, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 treatment protocols (standard in-hospital versus modified outpatient) in affecting the duration of treatment or survival of dogs with parvoviral enteritis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with naturally acquired parvovirus were randomized to receive either an inpatient (n = 20) or outpatient (n = 20) treatment protocol. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received intravenous (IV) fluid resuscitation and correction of hypoglycemia at hospital admission...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918281/subsecond-fear-discrimination-in-rats-adult-impairment-in-adolescent-heavy-alcohol-drinkers
#17
Alyssa DiLeo, Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
Discriminating safety from danger must be accurate and rapid. Yet, the rapidity with which fear discrimination emerges remains unknown. Rapid fear discrimination in adulthood may be susceptible to impairment by adolescent heavy alcohol drinking, which increases incidence of anxiety disorders. Rats were given voluntary, adolescent alcohol access, and heavy drinkers were identified. In adulthood, rapid fear discrimination of safety, uncertainty, and danger cues was assessed. Normal rats, but not heavy drinkers, showed discriminative fear <1 sec following cue onset...
November 2016: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918173/the-development-validation-and-feasibility-of-the-experienced-coercion-scale
#18
Olav Nyttingnes, Jorun Rugkåsa, Aina Holmén, Torleif Ruud
Existing scales for experienced coercion have limitations. We developed and validated a short self-report form for experienced coercion for use across care settings, care phases, and care measures. In Stage 1, we developed an item pool, based on the literature, patient accounts, interviews, and expert feedback. Stages 2 and 3 consisted of 2 cross-sectional studies, with patients from acute and nonacute inpatient wards, outpatient care, and supported housing. In Stage 2, patients (N = 212) responded to the Coercion Ladder and the experienced coercion items from Stage 1...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917768/iatrogenic-medication-errors-in-a-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-durban-south-africa
#19
A Gokhul, P M Jeena, A Gray
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic medication errors due to calculation errors are an under-reported concern in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and source of iatrogenic medication errors in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the PICU at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital, Durban, South Africa, over a 3-month period in 2014. Medication-related calculation skills of medical practitioners and nurses were assessed through the voluntary anonymous completion of a questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917585/the-preventive-effect-of-sustained-physical-activity-on-incident-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Min-Sun Kwak, Donghee Kim, Goh Eun Chung, Won Kim, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence. However, few studies evaluated the effect of PA on NAFLD incidence in regard to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and insulin resistance (IR). We investigated whether PA at baseline and change in PA during follow-up have any effect on incident NAFLD. METHODS: We enrolled subjects who underwent health screenings between 2007 and 2008 and participated in voluntary follow-up between 2011 and 2013 (median 4...
December 5, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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