keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outcome and preterm infant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431191/timing-for-the-introduction-of-cycled-light-for-extremely-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Debra H Brandon, Susan G Silva, Jinhee Park, William Malcolm, Heba Kamhawy, Diane Holditch-Davis
Day-night cycled light improves health outcomes in preterm infants, yet the best time to institute cycled light is unclear. The hypothesis of this study was that extremely preterm infants receiving early cycled light would have better health and developmental outcomes than infants receiving late cycled light. Infants born at ≤28 weeks gestation were randomly assigned to early cycled light (ECL) starting at 28 weeks postmenstrual age [PMA] or late cycled light (LCL), starting at 36 weeks PMA. Daylight was 200-600 lux and night was 5-30 lux...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422948/beyond-the-uterine-environment-nonhuman-primate-model-to-investigate-maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-chronic-intrauterine-infection
#3
Meredith A Kelleher, Zheng Liu, Xiaojie Wang, Christopher D Kroenke, Lisa A Houser, Brandy L Dozier, Lauren D Martin, Ken B Waites, Cindy McEvoy, Robert L Schelonka, Peta L Grigsby
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine infection is a significant cause of early preterm birth. We have developed a fetal-neonatal model in the rhesus macaque to determine the impact of chronic intrauterine infection with Ureaplasma parvum on early neonatal reflexes and brain development. METHODS: Time-mated, pregnant rhesus macaques were randomized to be inoculated with U. parvum (serovar 1; 10(5)cfu) or control media at ~120 dGA. Neonates were delivered by elective hysterotomy at 135-147 dGA (term=167d) stabilized and cared for in our nonhuman primate neonatal intensive care unit...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421173/cerebral-autoregulation-brain-injury-and-the-transitioning-premature-infant
#4
REVIEW
Zachary A Vesoulis, Amit M Mathur
Improvements in clinical management of the preterm infant have reduced the rates of the two most common forms of brain injury, such as severe intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter injury, both of which are contributory factors in the development of cerebral palsy. Nonetheless, they remain a persistent challenge and are associated with a significant increase in the risk of adverse neurodevelopment outcomes. Repeated episodes of ischemia-reperfusion represent a common pathway for both forms of injury, arising from discordance between systemic blood flow and the innate regulation of cerebral blood flow in the germinal matrix and periventricular white matter...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420745/eight-principles-for-patient-centred-and-family-centred-care-for-newborns-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Jean-Michel Roué, Pierre Kuhn, Maria Lopez Maestro, Ragnhild Agnethe Maastrup, Delphine Mitanchez, Björn Westrup, Jacques Sizun
Despite the recent improvements in perinatal medical care leading to an increase in survival rates, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes occur more frequently in preterm and/or high-risk infants. Medical risk factors for neurodevelopmental delays like male gender or intrauterine growth restriction and family sociocultural characteristics have been identified. Significant data have provided evidence of the detrimental impact of overhelming environmental sensory inputs, such as pain and stress, on the developing human brain and strategies aimed at preventing this impact...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419544/adults-born-preterm-a-review-of-general-health-and-system-specific-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Tonse N K Raju, Sonia Buist, Carol J Blaisdell, Marva Moxey-Mims, Saroj Saigal
In this review of 126 publications, we report that an overwhelming majority of adults born at preterm gestations remain healthy and well. However, a small, but a significant fraction of them remain at higher risk for neurological, personality and behavioral abnormalities, cardio-pulmonary functional limitations, systemic hypertension, and metabolic syndrome compared to their term-born counterparts. The magnitude of increased risk differed across organ systems, and varied across reports. The risks were proportional to the degree of prematurity at birth and seemed to occur more frequently among preterm infants born in the final two decades of the 20(th) century and later...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419406/routine-oro-nasopharyngeal-suction-versus-no-suction-at-birth
#7
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Jennifer A Dawson, Peter G Davis, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Oro/nasopharyngeal suction is a method used to clear secretions from the oropharynx and nasopharynx through the application of negative pressure via a suction catheter or bulb syringe. Traditionally, airway oro/nasopharyngeal suction at birth has been used routinely to remove fluid rapidly from the oropharynx and nasopharynx in vigorous and non-vigorous infants at birth. Concerns relating to the reported adverse effects of oro/nasopharyngeal suctioning led to a practice review and routine oro/nasopharyngeal suctioning is no longer recommended for vigorous infants...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419085/neonatal-outcomes-of-moderatelyly-preterm-infants-compared-to-extremely-preterm-infants
#8
Michele C Walsh, Edward F Bell, Sarah Kandefer, Shampa Saha, Waldemar A Carlo, Carl T D'Angio, Abbot R Laptook, Pablo J Sanchez, Barbara J Stoll, Seetha Shankaran, Krisa P Van Meurs, Noah Cook, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy S Newman, Kurt Schibler, Barbara Schmidt, C Michael Cotten, Brenda B Poindexter, Kristi L Watterberg, William E Truog
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm infants (EPT, <29 weeks' gestation) represent only 0.9% of births in the U.S., yet these infants are focus of most published research. Moderately preterm neonates (MPT, 29-33(6/7) weeks), are an understudied group of high-risk infants. METHODS: Objective: To determine the neonatal outcomes of MPT across the gestational age spectrum, and to compare these to EPT. A prospective observational cohort was formed in 18 Level 3-4 NICUs in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412532/spectral-analysis-highlight-developmental-eeg-changes-in-preterm-infants-without-overt-brain-damage
#9
Agnese Suppiej, Elisa Cainelli, Ambra Cappellari, Daniele Trevisanuto, Laura Balao, Maria Grazia Di Bono, Patrizia S Bisiacchi
Early markers of neurological outcome in the absence of overt brain damage are scarce in extreme prematurity. The aim of this study was to compare spectral EEG values of infants born near term with those of infants born at extremely low gestational age (ELGA) but having attained near term age. We aimed also to evaluate whether spectral EEG features were related with neurological outcome. The ELGA group consisted of 12 neonates born between 23+2 and 27+6 weeks; the control group consisted of nine infants born 34-35+2 weeks, tested within the first week of life...
April 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409661/adverse-neonatal-outcomes-in-relation-to-ambient-temperatures-at-birth-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#10
Yi-Hao Weng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu
This study investigated the temperature-specific risks of adverse neonatal outcomes in Taiwan. Over 2 million births between 2001 and 2010 were correlated with the daily mean outdoor temperatures at birth. A log-binomial model was used to estimate the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in relation to ambient temperature at birth after adjusting for possible confounders. There was a significant correlation of temperature extremes with stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Maternal exposure to temperature extremes carried greater risks of stillbirth (> 23...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407656/high-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy-is-not-a-protective-factor-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-case-control-study
#11
Annibal Tagliaferri Sabino, Eduardo de Souza, Ana Lucia Goulart, Adriana Martins de Lima, Nelson Sass
Objective To evaluate whether the presence of maternal blood pressure reduces the risks of morbidity, perinatal mortality and morbidity at 24 months of age in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) compared with a control group. Methods A retrospective, observational, case-control study. Total 49 VLBWIs were allocated to the study group, called the maternal arterial hypertension group (AHG), and matched with 44 in the control group (CG). The infants were assessed during hospitalization and at 12 and 24 months corrected age at a specialized clinic...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404669/retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-and-treatment-in-costa-rica
#13
Ana Catalina Tabarez-Carvajal, Milagro Montes-Cantillo, Kelly H Unkrich, Rupal H Trivedi, Mae Millicent Winfrey Peterseim
AIM: To determine the recent demographic data, risk factors and results of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and treatment in Costa Rica. METHODS: The medical records of all preterm infants meeting ROP screening criteria (≤34 weeks' gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW) ≤1750g, and those determined at risk by neonatologists) in the national healthcare system, Costa Rica, January 2010-December 2014, were retrospectively reviewed. The numbers and percentages of infants with ROP, risk factors, percentage of patients treated and treatment outcomes were determined...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404321/county-level-racial-prejudice-and-the-black-white-gap-in-infant-health-outcomes
#14
Jacob Orchard, Joseph Price
OBJECTIVE: Black mothers are 60 percent more likely than white mothers to have preterm births and twice as likely to have a baby with low birth weight. We examine whether these black-white gaps in birth outcomes are larger in counties with higher levels of racial prejudice. METHOD: We use data from the restricted-use natality files in the United States, which provide information on birth weight, gestation, and maternal characteristics for over 31 million births from 2002 to 2012, combined with county-level data measures of both explicit and implicit racial prejudice from Project Implicit from over a million individuals who took the Implicit Association Test during this same period...
March 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#15
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402972/eeg-a-valuable-biomarker-of-brain-injury-in-preterm-infants
#16
Elena Pavlidis, Rhodri O Lloyd, Geraldine B Boylan
This review focuses on the role of electroencephalography (EEG) in monitoring abnormalities of preterm brain function. EEG features of the most common developmental brain injuries in preterm infants, including intraventricular haemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, and perinatal asphyxia, are described. We outline the most common EEG biomarkers associated with these injuries, namely seizures, positive rolandic sharp waves, EEG suppression/increased interburst intervals, mechanical delta brush activity, and other deformed EEG waveforms, asymmetries, and asynchronies...
April 13, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401605/prediction-of-delivering-a-small-for-gestational-age-infant-and-adverse-perinatal-outcome-in-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia
#17
Melanie Griffin, Paul T Seed, Suzy Duckworth, Robyn North, Jenny Myers, Lucy Mackillop, Nigel Simpson, Jason Waugh, Maternal Medicine, Dilly Anumba, Louise C Kenny, Christopher W G Redman, Andrew H Shennan, Lucy C Chappell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test performance of 47 biomarkers and ultrasound parameters to predict subsequent delivery of an SGA infant and adverse perinatal outcome in women presenting with suspected preeclampsia. METHODS: In a prospective, multicentre observational study, 47 biomarkers and ultrasound parameters were measured in 397 women presenting with suspected preterm preeclampsia, with the objective of evaluating them as predictors of subsequent delivery of an SGA infant and adverse perinatal outcome...
April 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400603/maternal-plasma-mirnas-as-biomarkers-during-mid-pregnancy-to-predict-later-spontaneous-preterm-birth-a-pilot-study
#18
Clint Gray, Lesley M McCowan, Rachna Patel, Rennae S Taylor, Mark H Vickers
More than 10% of babies are born too early resulting in over 15 million preterm births and more than one million new-born deaths globally. Although women with a previous spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) are considered at high risk for recurrence, the majority occur in women without prior history. Prediction of SPTB risk allows for improved care and potential for targeting novel and existing therapeutics to prevent SPTB, which may result in improved outcomes for infant and mother. In this pilot study, a miRNA array was used to analyse plasma from healthy women in their first pregnancy at 20 weeks of gestation who then went on to deliver either at term or experience SPTB at 28-32 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400311/pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-by-maternal-fertility-status-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#19
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: Births to subfertile women, with and without infertility treatment, have been reported to have lower birthweights and shorter gestations, even when limited to singletons. It is unknown whether these decrements are due to parental characteristics or aspects of infertility treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal fertility status on the risk of pregnancy, birth, and infant complications STUDY DESIGN: All singleton live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 grams birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004-10 were linked to hospital discharge and vital records...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399954/using-benchmarking-to-identify-inter-centre-differences-in-persistent-ductus-arteriosus-treatment-can-we-improve-outcome
#20
Esther J S Jansen, Koen P Dijkman, Richard A van Lingen, Willem B de Vries, Daniel C Vijlbrief, Willem P de Boode, Peter Andriessen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify inter-centre differences in persistent ductus arteriosus treatment and their related outcomes. Materials and methods We carried out a retrospective, multicentre study including infants between 24+0 and 27+6 weeks of gestation in the period between 2010 and 2011. In all centres, echocardiography was used as the standard procedure to diagnose a patent ductus arteriosus and to document ductal closure. RESULTS: In total, 367 preterm infants were included...
April 12, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
keyword
keyword
119561
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"