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functional rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742428/neck-and-upper-limb-dysfunction-in-patients-following-neck-dissection-looking-beyond-the-shoulder
#1
Elise M Gane, Shaun P O'Leary, Anna L Hatton, Benedict J Panizza, Steven M McPhail
Objective To measure patient-perceived upper limb and neck function following neck dissection and to investigate potential associations between clinical factors, symptoms, and function. Study Design Cross-sectional. Setting Two tertiary hospitals in Brisbane, Australia. Subjects and Methods Inclusion criteria: patients treated with neck dissection (2009-2014). EXCLUSION CRITERIA: aged <18 years, accessory nerve or sternocleidomastoid sacrifice, previous neck dissection, preexisting shoulder/neck injury, and inability to provide informed consent (cognition, insufficient English)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741684/how-does-mandibular-bone-atrophy-influence-the-masticatory-function-ohrqol-and-satisfaction-in-overdenture-wearers-clinical-results-until-1-year-post-loading
#2
Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Fernanda Faot, Alessandra Julie Schuster, Amália Machado Bielemann, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
This longitudinal clinical study investigated the differences in the masticatory function (MF), satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) between atrophic patients (AP) and non-atrophic patients (NAP) before and after rehabilitation with mandibular overdenture (MO). Twenty-six complete denture (CD) wearers were categorized into two groups, according to the mandibular bone atrophy (MBA) degree. MF was evaluated before and after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of the MO loading via 2 standardized tests: i) MP, masticatory performance (MP_X50, MPB, ME 5...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741323/-osteosynthesis-with-locking-plate-and-minimally-invasive-technique-for-proximal-humeral-fractures
#3
C Arroyo-Sánchez, C Abril-Gaona, D Rincón-Cardozo
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in the treatment of 2-3 fragment proximal humeral fractures using a minimally invasive technique that involves an angular-stable locking implant and find out the factors affecting patients outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, prospective study of the case series type. Twenty-two patients, 13 females and 9 males, were operated on between February 2010 and August 2012. Mean age was 50.8 years (24-82 years). Patients were placed in a beach-chair position...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740672/effectiveness-of-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-thoracic-surgery
#4
Attila Vagvolgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Maria Kerti, Paul Vadasz, Janos Varga
BACKGROUND: Functional condition is crucial for operability of patients with lung cancer and/or chronic respiratory diseases. The aim of the study was to measure changes of functional and quality of life parameters in terms of the effectiveness of perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A total of 208 COPD patients (age: 63±9 years, man/woman: 114/94, FEV1: 62±14%pred) participated in a perioperative PR program. The indication was primary lung cancer in 72% of the patients...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740440/haphop-physio-a-computer-game-to-support-cognitive-therapies-in-children
#5
Carolina Rico-Olarte, Diego M López, Santiago Narváez, Charic D Farinango, Peter S Pharow
BACKGROUND: Care and support of children with physical or mental disabilities are accompanied with serious concerns for parents, families, healthcare institutions, schools, and their communities. Recent studies and technological innovations have demonstrated the feasibility of providing therapy and rehabilitation services to children supported by computer games. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present HapHop-Physio, an innovative computer game that combines exercise with fun and learning, developed to support cognitive therapies in children...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739558/design-of-mobile-health-tools-to-promote-goal-achievement-in-self-management-tasks
#6
Brad Edward Dicianno, Geoffrey Henderson, Bambang Parmanto
BACKGROUND: Goal-setting within rehabilitation is a common practice ultimately geared toward helping patients make functional progress. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to (1) qualitatively analyze data from a wellness program for patients with spina bifida (SB) and spinal cord injury (SCI) in order to generate software requirements for a goal-setting module to support their complex goal-setting routines, (2) design a prototype of a goal-setting module within an existing mobile health (mHealth) system, and (3) identify what educational content might be necessary to integrate into the system...
July 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739346/a-method-of-calculating-functional-independence-measure-at-discharge-from-functional-independence-measure-effectiveness-predicted-by-multiple-regression-analysis-has-a-high-degree-of-predictive-accuracy
#7
Makoto Tokunaga, Susumu Watanabe, Shigeru Sonoda
BACKGROUND: Multiple linear regression analysis is often used to predict the outcome of stroke rehabilitation. However, the predictive accuracy may not be satisfactory. The objective of this study was to elucidate the predictive accuracy of a method of calculating motor Functional Independence Measure (mFIM) at discharge from mFIM effectiveness predicted by multiple regression analysis. METHODS: The subjects were 505 patients with stroke who were hospitalized in a convalescent rehabilitation hospital...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738975/the-effect-of-cranioplasty-in-cognitive-and-functional-improvement-experience-of-post-traumatic-brain-injury-inpatient-rehabilitation
#8
Jyong-Huei Su, Yu-Hsin Wu, Nai-Wen Guo, Ching-Fen Huang, Cyuan-Fong Li, Chia-Hsin Chen, Mao-Hsiung Huang
To investigate the effect of cranioplasty on rehabilitation of post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, 37 patients with TBI were arranged by retrospectively assessment study. Those TBI patients receiving in-hospital rehabilitation in the Department of Rehabilitation in a medical center of South Taiwan from 2010 to 2015 were assigned into two groups: A and B. All patients entered the multidisciplinary holistic in-patient rehabilitation training for about 1 month. Patients in Group A received decompressive craniectomy (DC), patients in Group B received DC and cranioplasty...
July 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738752/physical-functioning-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-adults-with-amyoplasia-the-most-common-form-of-arthrogryposis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Unni Steen, Lena Lande Wekre, Nina Køpke Vøllestad
BACKGROUND: Amyoplasia, the most common form of arthrogryposis is characterized by typical deformities of the joints and replacement of skeletal muscles by fibrous tissue and fat. There is sparse literature on adaptation to adult life with amyoplasia. PURPOSE: To describe physical function and activity strategies in adults with amyoplasia, as this knowledge is important for relevant function-enhancing measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two adults (20-91 years) with amyoplasia participated...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738740/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-task-specific-rehabilitation-interventions-for-improving-independent-sitting-and-standing-function-in-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Cynthia M Tse, Amanda E Chisholm, Tania Lam, Janice J Eng
Context Impaired balance function after a spinal cord injury (SCI) hinders performance of daily activities. Objective To assess the evidence on the effectiveness of task-specific training on sitting and standing function in individuals with SCI across the continuum of care. Methods A systematic search was conducted on literature published to June 2016 using people (acute or chronic SCI), task-specific interventions compared to conventional physical therapy, and outcome (sitting or standing balance function)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738735/clinician-perspectives-on-cross-education-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#11
William Russell, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Patricia J Manns
PURPOSE: Cross-education is a neural phenomenon where strength of an untrained muscle improves after unilateral training of the opposite homologous muscle. It has been extensively studied in healthy populations and shows promise for post-stroke rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to understand current post-stroke upper extremity rehabilitation practice; clinician's perspectives on cross-education and; facilitators and barriers to implementation of a cross-education intervention...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738698/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-rehabilitation-concept-in-a-patient-suffering-from-scleredema-adultorum-buschke-a-case-report
#12
Michael Mickel, Ahmad Jalili, Christina Gesslbauer, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is a disorder manifesting indurations of the skin mostly followed by musculoskeletal impairment. Data regarding this fact are seldom found and documentation of functional outcome of physical therapies and modalities related to Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is fragmentary. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate and to document an effective concept of rehabilitation in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke. METHODS: A treatment plan was developed containing therapeutic ultrasound, manual lymphatic drainage, and physiotherapy...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738376/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-cognitive-training-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Maria Grazia Grasso, Marco Broccoli, Paolo Casillo, Sheila Catani, Luca Pace, Alessandra Pompa, Francesco Rizzi, Elio Troisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in a group of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were included in this study and randomly allocated either to treatment with multidisciplinary rehabilitation plus cognitive training or to treatment with multidisciplinary rehabilitation alone. RESULTS: After 3 months of cognitive treatment, the patients assigned to the rehabilitation plus cognitive training group displayed an improvement in the cognitive test of executive function and a marked improvement in quality of life (QoL)...
July 24, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737572/european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-and-nutritional-complications-in-children-with-neurological-impairment
#14
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša F Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia, and nutritional comorbidities. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, and dysphagia are also frequent in this population and affect quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in children with neurological impairment...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736792/double-injected-human-stem-cells-enhance-rehabilitation-in-tbi-mice-via-modulation-of-survival-and-inflammation
#15
Chul Kim, Ji-Min Park, TaeHo Kong, Seungmin Lee, Ki-Weon Seo, Yuri Choi, Young Sook Song, Jisook Moon
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a complicated form of brain damage, is a major cause of mortality in adults. Following mechanical and structural primary insults, a battery of secondary insults, including neurotransmitter-mediated cytotoxicity, dysregulation of calcium and macromolecule homeostasis, and increased oxidative stress, exacerbate brain injury and functional deficits. Although stem cell therapy is considered to be an alternative treatment for brain injuries, such as TBI and stroke, many obstacles remain...
July 24, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736684/multimodality-imaging-approaches-for-evaluating-traumatic-extremity-injuries-implications-for-military-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Mitchel R Stacy, Christopher L Dearth
Significance: Military service members are susceptible to traumatic extremity injuries that often result in limb loss. Tremendous efforts have been made to improve medical treatment that supports residual limb function and health. Despite recent improvements in treatment and novel prosthetic devices, many patients experience a wide range of clinical problems within residual limbs that can negatively impact the progress of rehabilitation programs while also impairing functional capacity and overall quality of life...
July 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736682/standardized-approach-to-quantitatively-measure-residual-limb-skin-health-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputation
#17
Cameron L Rink, Matthew M Wernke, Heather M Powell, Mark Tornero, Surya C Gnyawali, Ryan M Schroeder, Jayne Y Kim, Jeffrey A Denune, Alexander W Albury, Gayle M Gordillo, James M Colvin, Chandan K Sen
Objective: (1) Develop a standardized approach to quantitatively measure residual limb skin health. (2) Report reference residual limb skin health values in people with transtibial and transfemoral amputation. Approach: Residual limb health outcomes in individuals with transtibial (n = 5) and transfemoral (n = 5) amputation were compared to able-limb controls (n = 4) using noninvasive imaging (hyperspectral imaging and laser speckle flowmetry) and probe-based approaches (laser doppler flowmetry, transcutaneous oxygen, transepidermal water loss, surface electrical capacitance)...
July 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736514/design-and-validation-of-exoskeleton-actuated-by-soft-modules-toward-neurorehabilitation-vision-based-control-for-precise-reaching-motion-of-upper-limb
#18
Victoria W Oguntosin, Yoshiki Mori, Hyejong Kim, Slawomir J Nasuto, Sadao Kawamura, Yoshikatsu Hayashi
We demonstrated the design, production, and functional properties of the Exoskeleton Actuated by the Soft Modules (EAsoftM). Integrating the 3D printed exoskeleton with passive joints to compensate gravity and with active joints to rotate the shoulder and elbow joints resulted in ultra-light system that could assist planar reaching motion by using the vision-based control law. The EAsoftM can support the reaching motion with compliance realized by the soft materials and pneumatic actuation. In addition, the vision-based control law has been proposed for the precise control over the target reaching motion within the millimeter scale...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736293/zirconia-based-versus-metal-based-single-crowns-veneered-with-overpressing-ceramic-for-restoration-of-posterior-endodontically-treated-teeth-5-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#19
Carlo Monaco, Altin Llukacej, Paolo Baldissara, Antonio Arena, Roberto Scotti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this 5-year randomized controlled trial was to compare the longevity and clinical behavior of single posterior crowns made with pressable ceramic on zirconia and on metal frameworks, and if failures occur, to delineate the contributing factors. METHODS: 72 patients, who needed the covering of at least a molar and/or premolar, were included in the study. All teeth were endodontically treated, with absence of periapical lesion or active periodontitis...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735992/global-performance-status-score-a-new-tool-to-assess-physical-performance-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#20
P Esposito, F Furini, M Gregorini, E F Pattonieri, V Corradetti, E La Porta, E Caramella, M Calatroni, L Petrucci, C Klersy, T Rampino
BACKGROUND: Information on physical performance in renal transplantation is limited because of the shortage of specifically designed evaluation instruments. Therefore, we elaborated and validated the Global Performance Status (GloPerSta) score to provide a new and comprehensive tool, exploring the different components of physical performance in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We elaborated the GloPerSta score on the basis of the data obtained from a cross-sectional study, in which we evaluated the physical performance of a cohort of kidney transplant patients...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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