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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868164/who-needs-high-fio2
#1
Ozan Akca, Lorenzo Ball, F Javier Belda, Peter Biro, Andrea Cortegiani, Arieh Eden, Carlos Ferrando, Luciano Gattinoni, Zeev Goldik, Cesare Gregoretti, Thomas Hachenberg, Göran Hedenstierna, Harriet W Hopf, Thomas K Hunt, Paolo Pelosi, Motaz Qadan, Daniel I Sessler, Marina Soro, Mert Şentürk
World Health Organization and the United States Center for Disease Control have recently recommended the use of 0.8 FIO2 in all adult surgical patients undergoing general anaesthesia, to prevent surgical site infections. This recommendation has arisen several discussions: As a matter of fact, there are numerous studies with different results about the effect of FIO2 on surgical site infection. Moreover, the clinical effects of FIO2 are not limited to infection control. We asked some prominent authors about their comments regarding the recent recommendations...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859550/optimization-and-mechanisms-for-biodecoloration-of-a-mixture-of-dyes-by-trichosporon-akiyoshidainum-hp-2023
#2
María M Martorell, María Del M Rosales Soro, Hipólito F Pajot, Lucía I C de Figueroa
Trichosporon akiyoshidainum HP2023 is a basidiomycetous yeast isolated from Las Yungas rainforest (Tucumán, Argentina) and selected based on its outstanding textile dye decolorizing ability. In this work, the decolorization process was optimized using Reactive Black 5 as dye model. Lactose and urea were chosen as carbon and nitrogen sources through a one-at-time approach. Afterwards, factorial designs were employed for medium optimization; leading to the formulation of a simpler optimized medium which contains in g L(-1): lactose 10, yeast extract 1, urea 0...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808319/ip-10-levels-as-an-accurate-screening-tool-to-detect-acute-hiv-infection-in-resource-limited-settings
#3
Lucía Pastor, Aina Casellas, Jorge Carrillo, Sergi Alonso, Erica Parker, Laura Fuente-Soro, Chenjerai Jairoce, Inacio Mandomando, Julià Blanco, Denise Naniche
Acute HIV infection (AHI) is the period prior to seroconversion characterized by high viral replication, hyper-transmission potential and commonly, non-specific febrile illness. AHI detection requires HIV-RNA viral load (VL) determination, which has very limited access in low-income countries due to restrictive costs and implementation constraints. We sought to identify a biomarker that could enable AHI diagnosis in scarce-resource settings, and to evaluate the feasibility of its implementation. HIV-seronegative adults presenting at the Manhiça District Hospital, Mozambique, with reported-fever were tested for VL...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803080/palliative-care-development-in-kyrgyzstan
#4
Aibek Mukambetov, Taalaigul Sabyrbekova, Lola Asanalieva, Ilim Sadykov, Alexander Aralbaev, Stephen Connor
Palliative care began in Kyrgyzstan in 2005 as a pilot home based care program in Osh Cancer Center and was supported by a small group of nurses and one physician from Scotland. In 2010, the Soros Foundation-Kyrgyzstan (SFK) and the Open Society Foundation's International Palliative Care Initiative (IPCI) began supporting work on palliative care policy, legislation, essential medicine availability, education, advocacy and implementation. A Ministry of Health working group was established to lead this initiative and technical assistance was provided by an international palliative care consultant...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801006/palliative-care-in-kazakhstan
#5
Gulnara Kunirova, Ainur Shakenova
In Kazakhstan, like most ex-Soviet Union countries palliative care began in the late 1990's with the opening of the Almaty Hospice in 1999. Since that time, several palliative care services have opened in urban centers but there is little coverage in rural areas. Palliative care has grown due to the collaborative work of Parliament leaders, Ministry of Health, local governments officials, Public Health Higher School, National Center for Health Development, academic medical institutions, oncology and palliative care experts, NGO's, Soros Foundation Kazakhstan, and international experts...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790903/increase-in-beta-band-activity-during-preparation-for-overt-speech-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Peter Sörös, Nuria Doñamayor, Catharina Wittke, Mohamed Al-Khaled, Norbert Brüggemann, Thomas F Münte
Speech impairment is a frequent and often serious symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by a disorder of phonation, articulation and prosody. While research on the pathogenesis of the prominent limb motor symptoms has made considerable progress in recent years, the pathophysiology of PD speech impairment is still incompletely understood. To investigate the neural correlates of speech production in PD, EEG was recorded in 14 non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and preserved verbal fluency on regular dopaminergic medication (8 women; mean age ± SD: 69...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760799/rationale-and-study-design-for-an-individualised-perioperative-open-lung-ventilatory-strategy-with-a-high-versus-conventional-inspiratory-oxygen-fraction-iprove-o2-and-its-effects-on-surgical-site-infection-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Carlos Ferrando, Marina Soro, Carmen Unzueta, Jaume Canet, Gerardo Tusman, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann, Julian Librero, Salvador Peiró, Natividad Pozo, Carlos Delgado, Maite Ibáñez, César Aldecoa, Ignacio Garutti, David Pestaña, Aurelio Rodríguez, Santiago García Del Valle, Oscar Diaz-Cambronero, Jaume Balust, Francisco Javier Redondo, Manuel De La Matta, Lucía Gallego, Manuel Granell, Pascual Martínez, Ana Pérez, Sonsoles Leal, Kike Alday, Pablo García, Pablo Monedero, Rafael Gonzalez, Guido Mazzinari, Gerardo Aguilar, Jesús Villar, Francisco Javier Belda
INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious postoperative complication that increases morbidity and healthcare costs. SSIs tend to increase as the partial pressure of tissue oxygen decreases: previous trials have focused on trying to reduce them by comparing high versus conventional inspiratory oxygen fractions (FIO2) in the perioperative period but did not use a protocolised ventilatory strategy. The open-lung ventilatory approach restores functional lung volume and improves gas exchange, and therefore it may increase the partial pressure of tissue oxygen for a given FIO2...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734258/mechanical-properties-and-biocompatibility-of-porous-titanium-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#8
Yunhui Chen, Jessica Ellen Frith, Ali Dehghan-Manshadi, Hooyar Attar, Damon Kent, Nicolas Dominique Mathieu Soro, Michael J Bermingham, Matthew S Dargusch
Synthetic scaffolds are a highly promising new approach to replace both autografts and allografts to repair and remodel damaged bone tissue. Biocompatible porous titanium scaffold was manufactured through a powder metallurgy approach. Magnesium powder was used as space holder material which was compacted with titanium powder and removed during sintering. Evaluation of the porosity and mechanical properties showed a high level of compatibility with human cortical bone. Interconnectivity between pores is higher than 95% for porosity as low as 30%...
July 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680685/humans-permanently-occupied-the-andean-highlands-by-at-least-7%C3%A2-ka
#9
Randall Haas, Ioana C Stefanescu, Alexander Garcia-Putnam, Mark S Aldenderfer, Mark T Clementz, Melissa S Murphy, Carlos Viviano Llave, James T Watson
High-elevation environments above 2500 metres above sea level (m.a.s.l.) were among the planet's last frontiers of human colonization. Research on the speed and tempo of this colonization process is active and holds implications for understanding rates of genetic, physiological and cultural adaptation in our species. Permanent occupation of high-elevation environments in the Andes Mountains of South America tentatively began with hunter-gatherers around 9 ka according to current archaeological estimates, though the timing is currently debated...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654016/salivary-immune-and-metabolic-marker-analysis-simma-a-diagnostic-test-to-predict-caries-risk
#10
Alex Mira, Alejandro Artacho, Anny Camelo-Castillo, Sandra Garcia-Esteban, Aurea Simon-Soro
By using ELISA and colorimetric tests, we have measured 25 compounds in individuals with and without dental caries at different time points of dental biofilm formation and time of the day. We find that some compounds appear to be affected by circadian rhythms, others by dental plaque maturity, and others show constant values during a 24 h period. Using univariate analysis and cross-validation techniques, we have selected six components measured at specific time points that maximize the diagnostic separation of health and disease conditions...
June 27, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624508/epidemiological-profile-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-in-travelers-returning-to-france-between-2003-and-2015
#11
Doudou Sow, Ferelaha Soro, Emilie Javelle, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration and migration of canine or feline hookworm larvae into the skin, and frequently affects travelers from high-income countries returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas. Unfortunately, this pathology is neglected due to poor understanding among both physicians and travelers. This study describes the profile of cases reported in Marseille, France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in two specialized hospitals between 2003 and 2015...
June 15, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608563/isolated-breast-metastasis-4%C3%A2-years-after-nephrectomy
#12
Antonio Matteo Amadu, Vincenzo Marras, Paola Crivelli, Daniela Soro, Maurizio Conti, Giovanni Battista Meloni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581062/dental-evidence-for-wild-tuber-processing-among-titicaca-basin-foragers-7000-ybp
#13
James T Watson, Randall Haas
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work is to characterize dental wear in a skeletal sample dating to the Middle/Late Archaic period transition (8,000-6,700 cal. B.P.) from the Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru to better define subsistence behaviors of foragers prior to incipient sedentism and food production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dental sample consists of 251 teeth from 11 individuals recovered from the site of Soro Mik'aya Patjxa (SMP), the earliest securely dated burial assemblage in the Lake Titicaca Basin and the only burial assemblage in the region from an unequivocal forager context...
September 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554935/the-accuracy-of-postoperative-non-invasive-air-test-to-diagnose-atelectasis-in-healthy-patients-after-surgery-a-prospective-diagnostic-pilot-study
#14
Carlos Ferrando, Carolina Romero, Gerardo Tusman, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann, Jaume Canet, Rosa Dosdá, Paola Valls, Abigail Villena, Ferran Serralta, Ana Jurado, Juan Carrizo, Jose Navarro, Cristina Parrilla, Jose E Romero, Natividad Pozo, Marina Soro, Jesús Villar, Francisco Javier Belda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) while breathing room air for 5 min (the 'Air-Test') in detecting postoperative atelectasis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by measuring the agreement between the index test and the reference standard CT scan images. SETTING: Postanaesthetic care unit in a tertiary hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and fifty patients from 12 January to 7 February 2015; 170 patients scheduled for surgery under general anaesthesia who were admitted into the postsurgical unit were included...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515288/motor-recovery-beginning-23-years-after-ischemic-stroke
#15
Peter Sörös, Robert Teasell, Daniel F Hanley, J David Spence
It is widely believed that most stroke recovery occurs within 6 mo, with little benefit of physiotherapy or other modalities beyond 1 yr. We report a remarkable case of stroke recovery beginning 23 yr after a severe stroke due to embolization from the innominate artery and subclavian artery, resulting from compression of the right subclavian artery by a cervical rib. The patient had a large right frontoparietal infarction with severe left hemiparesis and a totally nonfunctional spastic left hand. He experienced some recovery of hand function that began 23 yr after the stroke, 1 yr after he took up regular swimming...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504995/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-decreases-oxidative-lung-damage-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
José García-de-la-Asunción, Laura Bruno, Jaume Perez-Griera, Genaro Galan, Alfonso Morcillo, Richard Wins, Eva García-Del-Olmo, Ricardo Guijarro, Benjamín Sarriá, Francisco Martí, Marina Soro, Francisco Javier Belda
BACKGROUND: During lobectomy in patients with lung cancer, the operated lung is often collapsed and hypoperfused. Ischemia/reperfusion injury may then occur when the lung is re-expanded. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) would decrease oxidative lung damage and improve gas exchange in the postoperative period. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer undergoing elective lung lobectomy...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497328/overexploitation-of-karst-spring-as-a-measure-against-water-scarcity
#17
Dejan Dimkić, Milan Dimkić, Andjelko Soro, Dusan Pavlović, Goran Jevtić, Vladimir Lukić, Dragan Svrkota
Water scarcity, especially in the hydrologically critical part of the year, is a problem often present in many cities and regions, particularly in arid and sub-arid areas. Climate change and human water demand compound the problem. This paper discusses a climate change adaptation measure-the possibility of karst spring overexploitation, where there is a siphon-shaped cavity inside the mountain. The pilot area is near the city of Niš, where a decreasing precipitation trend has already been observed and is expected to continue in the future...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493943/open-lung-approach-versus-standard-protective-strategies-effects-on-driving-pressure-and-ventilatory-efficiency-during-anesthesia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlos Ferrando, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann, Gerardo Tusman, Irene León, Esther Romero, Estefania Gracia, Ana Mugarra, Blanca Arocas, Natividad Pozo, Marina Soro, Francisco J Belda
BACKGROUND: Low tidal volume (VT) during anesthesia minimizes lung injury but may be associated to a decrease in functional lung volume impairing lung mechanics and efficiency. Lung recruitment (RM) can restore lung volume but this may critically depend on the post-RM selected PEEP. This study was a randomized, two parallel arm, open study whose primary outcome was to compare the effects on driving pressure of adding a RM to low-VT ventilation, with or without an individualized post-RM PEEP in patients without known previous lung disease during anesthesia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485908/-the-written-nursing-reports-of-the-asylum-paolo-pini-of-milan-from-1944-to-1947
#19
Marina Negri, Vanna Marchesini, Silvio De Valerio, Emiliana Soro
INTRODUCTION: The work provides the analysis of the nursing reports written by the nursing staff on duty at the asylum "Paolo Pini" from 1944 to 1947. OBJECTIVE: description of the nursing report evolution, analyses of the quantitative and qualitative matters. Study of the evolution of the records: enhancement of the description of the patient, integration between medical and nursing assistance, assumption of responsi- bility (for instance through the signature)...
January 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428858/genetic-diversity-and-spatial-structure-of-the-rufous-throated-antbird-gymnopithys-rufigula-an-amazonian-obligate-army-ant-follower
#20
Juliana Menger, Klaus Henle, William E Magnusson, Antonella Soro, Martin Husemann, Martin Schlegel
Amazonian understory antbirds are thought to be relatively sedentary and to have limited dispersal ability; they avoid crossing forest gaps, and even narrow roads through a forest may limit their territories. However, most evidence for sedentariness in antbirds comes from field observations and plot-based recapture of adult individuals, which do not provide evidence for lack of genetic dispersal, as this often occurs through juveniles. In this study, we used microsatellite markers and mitochondrial control-region sequences to investigate contemporary and infer historical patterns of genetic diversity and structure of the Rufous-throated Antbird (Gymnopithys rufigula) within and between two large reserves in central Amazonia...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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