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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428858/genetic-diversity-and-spatial-structure-of-the-rufous-throated-antbird-gymnopithys-rufigula-an-amazonian-obligate-army-ant-follower
#1
Juliana Menger, Klaus Henle, William E Magnusson, Antonella Soro, Martin Husemann, Martin Schlegel
Amazonian understory antbirds are thought to be relatively sedentary and to have limited dispersal ability; they avoid crossing forest gaps, and even narrow roads through a forest may limit their territories. However, most evidence for sedentariness in antbirds comes from field observations and plot-based recapture of adult individuals, which do not provide evidence for lack of genetic dispersal, as this often occurs through juveniles. In this study, we used microsatellite markers and mitochondrial control-region sequences to investigate contemporary and infer historical patterns of genetic diversity and structure of the Rufous-throated Antbird (Gymnopithys rufigula) within and between two large reserves in central Amazonia...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425849/age-dependent-obesity-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#2
Qilong Oscar Yang Li, Ines Soro-Arnaiz, Julián Aragonés
Aging is associated with progressive visceral white adipose tissue (WAT) expansion both in human and mouse. Importantly, WAT enlargement is initiated early in life, suggesting that molecular mechanisms underlying age-dependent obesity are activated at early stages of lifetime. Our recent study found that age-dependent obesity was associated with a specific decline in mitochondrial complex IV activity, which leads to reduced fatty acid oxidation and subsequent adipocyte hypertrophy. At the molecular level, global mitochondrial complex IV inhibition was driven by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α)-mediated repression of some of its key subunits, including cytochrome c oxidase 5b (Cox5b)...
March 15, 2017: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386506/an-unusual-presentation-of-limited-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-involving-vagina-and-urethra
#3
Sandra Soro Marín, Enrique Júdez Navarro, Manuela Sianes Fernández, Ginés Sánchez Nievas, Juan Gabriel Lorenzo Romero
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a systemic necrotizing granulomatosis vasculitis characterized by predilection to affect small- and medium-sized blood vessels and commonly affects the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys in most cases. Genital involvement is reported in <1% of cases in large cohorts and nearly all cases have been in the setting of multisystemic disease or during the course of the disease in patients already diagnosed as GPA. A case is presented of uncommon limited urogenital GPA in a 66-year-old woman with an irregular mass occupying urethra and vagina...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383958/ad-hoc-categories-and-false-memories-memory-illusions-for-categories-created-on-the-spot
#4
Jerônimo C Soro, Mário B Ferreira, Gün R Semin, André Mata, Paula Carneiro
Three experiments were designed to test whether experimentally created ad hoc associative networks evoke false memories. We used the DRM (Deese, Roediger, McDermott) paradigm with lists of ad hoc categories composed of exemplars aggregated toward specific goals (e.g., going for a picnic) that do not share any consistent set of features. Experiment 1 revealed considerable levels of false recognitions of critical words from ad hoc categories. False recognitions occurred even when the lists were presented without an organizing theme (i...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347487/is-age-a-predisposing-factor-of-postoperative-complications-after-lung-resection-for-primary-pulmonary-neoplasms
#5
Miguel-Ángel Cañizares Carretero, Eva-María García Fontán, Montserrat Blanco Ramos, José Soro García, Rommel Carrasco Rodríguez, Emilio Peña González, Antonio Cueto Ladrón de Guevara
INTRODUCTION: Age has been classically considered as a determining factor for the development of postoperative complications related to lung resection for bronchogenic carcinoma. The Postoperative Complications Study Group of the Spanish Society of Thoracic Surgery has promoted a registry to analyze this factor. METHODS: A total of 3,307 patients who underwent any type of surgical resection for bronchogenic carcinoma have been systematically and prospectively recorded in any of the 24 units that are part of the group...
March 24, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344574/health-associated-niche-inhabitants-as-oral-probiotics-the-case-of-streptococcus-dentisani
#6
Arantxa López-López, Anny Camelo-Castillo, María D Ferrer, Áurea Simon-Soro, Alex Mira
Oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontitis, are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide and develop as a consequence of a microbial dysbiosis. Several bacterial strains are being tested as potential oral health-promoting organisms, but usually they are species isolated from niches other than the site where they must exert its probiotic action, typically from fecal samples. We hypothesize that oral inhabitants associated to health conditions will be more effective than traditional, gut-associated probiotic species in key aspects such as colonization of the oral site where disease takes place or the possession of oral health promoting functions, as well as more practical issues like safety and toxicity, and establishing proper doses for administration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266108/role-of-microbial-communities-in-the-pathogenesis-of-periodontal-diseases-and-caries
#7
Alex Mira, A Simon-Soro, M A Curtis
The microbiological characteristics of both caries and periodontal disease show significant change from those in health. In both instances, there is evidence of co-association of different organisms into consortia. AIM: We review and summarize a number of issues pertinent to the community organization and functional activity of the bacterial populations resident on supra- and subgingival tooth surface and the influence of these populations on disease. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken with a particular emphasis on recent publications involving high-throughput, deep sequencing approaches to the analysis of microbial populations and their functional activity...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253547/wounded-brain-ailing-heart-central-autonomic-network-disruption-in-acute-stroke
#8
Peter Sörös, Vladimir Hachinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225519/a-cytokine-pattern-that-differentiates-preseroconversion-from-postseroconversion-phases-of-primary-hiv-infection
#9
Lucia Pastor, Erica Parker, Jorge Carrillo, Victor Urrea, Laura Fuente-Soro, Durval Respeito, Chenjerai Jairoce, Inacio Mandomando, Julià Blanco, Denise Naniche
BACKGROUND: During acute HIV infection, HIV actively replicates but seroconversion has not yet occurred. Primary HIV infection (PHI) is characterized by a transient nonspecific febrile illness, a massive inflammatory response, and the progressive appearance of anti-HIV-specific antibodies. In this study, we have identified patterns of inflammatory biomarkers associated with the innate immunological reaction before completion of a full humoral response. METHODS: A symptom-based screening was used to identify acute HIV infection in the Manhiça District Hospital in Mozambique...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151870/are-gastric-hyperplastic-polyps-an-additional-manifestation-in-celiac-disease-results-from-a-retrospective-study
#10
Maria Pina Dore, Giovanni Mario Pes, Chiara Rocchi, Maria Francesca Loria, Sara Soro, Gabrio Bassotti
Gastric polyps are frequently reported in patients undergoing upper endoscopic procedures. In this retrospective study, the association between hyperplastic polyps and celiac disease in Northern Sardinia was estimated.Age, gender, body mass index, and medications taken in the 2 preceding months, including proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs), H2 receptor blockers (anti-H2), Helicobacter pylori status, endoscopic findings, and histology from charts of patients undergoing esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy were reviewed. Polyps were classified as hyperplastic, fundic gland, inflammatory, and adenomatous...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095577/optimizing-injections-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-the-6-step-technique
#11
Shino Bay Aguilera, Sean Branch, Luis Soro
The authors present a reproducible and effective technique utilizing poly-L-lactic acid for panfacial revolumization. The variable dilution ratios, reconstitution times, injection techniques and rates of nodule formation with poly-L-lactic acid can be intimidating to even experienced injectors. While there is no single cookie-cutter approach to facial volumization, this 6-step "Precise Sculpt" technique can be used as a template to reliably achieve optimal results while minimizing the risk of adverse events...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003552/performance-of-the-new-turbine-mid-level-critical-care-ventilators
#12
Carlos Delgado, Jose E Romero, Jaume Puig, Ana Izquierdo, Carlos Ferrando, F Javier Belda, Marina Soro
BACKGROUND: During recent years, ventilators using turbines as flow-generating systems have become increasingly more relevant. This bench study was designed to compare triggering and pressurization of 7 turbine mid-level ICU ventilators. METHODS: We used a dual-chamber lung model to test 7 mid-level ICU ventilators in pressure support mode with levels of 10, 15, and 20 cm H2O with 2 PEEP levels of 5 cm H2O and the minimum level allowed by the ventilator. A ventilator was connected to the master chamber to simulate 2 different effort levels...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984415/a-cytokine-pattern-that-differentiates-pre-from-post-seroconversion-phases-of-primary-hiv-infection
#13
Lucia Pastor, Erica Parker, Jorge Carrillo, Victor Urrea, Laura Fuente-Soro, Durval Respeito, Chenjerai Jairoce, Inacio Mandomando, Julià Blanco, Denise Naniche
BACKGROUND: During acute HIV infection (AHI) HIV actively replicates but seroconversion has not yet occurred. Primary HIV infection (PHI) is characterized by a transient non-specific febrile illness, a massive inflammatory response and the progressive appearance of anti-HIV specific antibodies. In this study we have identified patterns of inflammatory biomarkers associated with the innate immunological reaction prior to completion of a full humoral response. METHODS: A symptom-based screening was used to identify AHI in the Manhiça District Hospital in Mozambique...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901218/risk-factors-for-complications-in-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-in-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Derdried Athanasio Johann, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Stela Adami Vayego, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Jolline Lind
Objective: analyze the risk factors linked to complications in peripheral intravenous catheters. Method: secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled trial with 169 medical and surgical patients placed in two groups, one with integrated safety catheter (n=90) and other using simple needle catheter (n=79), with three months follow-up time. Results: the risk factors that raised the odds of developing complications were: hospitalization between 10-19 days (p=0...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871710/microbiological-assessment-of-aerosol-generated-during-debond-of-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#15
Michael Dawson, Valeria Soro, David Dymock, Robert Price, Helen Griffiths, Tom Dudding, Jonathan R Sandy, Anthony J Ireland
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to describe bacterial load and diversity of the aerosol created during enamel cleanup after the removal of fixed orthodontic appliances and to assess the effect of a preprocedural mouth rinse. METHODS: The study involved the sampling of ambient air adjacent to the patient's mouth during adhesive removal using a slow-speed handpiece and a spiral fluted tungsten carbide bur without water irrigation. Sampling was carried out during enamel cleanup with or without a preprocedural mouth rinse of either sterile water or chlorhexidine...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866745/urbanization-impact-on-sulfur-content-of-groundwater-revealed-by-the-study-of-urban-speleothem-like-deposits-case-study-in-paris-france
#16
E Pons-Branchu, M Roy-Barman, L Jean-Soro, A Guillerme, P Branchu, M Fernandez, E Dumont, E Douville, J L Michelot, A M Phillips
Speleothem-like deposits that develop underground in urban areas are an archive of the environmental impact of anthropic activities that has been little studied so far. In this paper, the sulfate content in shallow groundwater from northern Paris (France) is compared with the sulfur content in two 300-year-old urban carbonate deposits that grew in a historical underground aqueduct. The present-day waters of the aqueduct have very high sulfur and calcium contents, suggesting pollution from gypsum dissolution...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820723/characterization-of-the-gastric-microbiota-in-a-pediatric-population-according-to-helicobacter-pylori-status
#17
Laura Llorca, Guillermo Pérez-Pérez, Pedro Urruzuno, Maria Josefa Martinez, Tadasu Iizumi, Zhan Gao, Jiho Sohn, Jennifer Chung, Laura Cox, Aurea Simón-Soro, Alex Mira, Teresa Alarcón
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach of approximately 50% of the world's population, and increases the risk of several gastric diseases. The goal of this study is to compare the gastric microbiota in pediatric patients with and without H. pylori colonization. METHODS: We studied 51 children who underwent gastric endoscopy because of dyspeptic symptoms (18 H. pylori positive and 33 negative). Gastric biopsies were obtained for rapid urease test, culture, histology and DNA extraction...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765608/influence-of-geography-seasons-and-pedology-on-chemical-composition-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-essential-oils-from-lippia-multiflora-mold-leaves
#18
Lêniféré Chantal Soro, Sylvie Munier, Yves Pelissier, Lidwine Grosmaire, Rickey Yada, David Kitts, Anin Louise Ocho-Anin Atchibri, Caroline Guzman, Frédéric Boudard, Chantal Menut, Jean Charles Robinson, Patrick Poucheret
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lippia multiflora is a plant with nutritional and pharmaco-therapeutic properties that is native to central and occidental Africa. The potential effects of plants on health are associated with their chemical composition. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify chemical variations in essential oils of Lippia multiflora as a function of geographic origin and time of annual harvest to determine optimal chemical profiles for ethno-pharmacotherapeutic applications...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737690/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jesús Villar, Javier Belda, Jesús Blanco, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann, José Manuel Añón, Lina Pérez-Méndez, Carlos Ferrando, Dácil Parrilla, Raquel Montiel, Ruth Corpas, Elena González-Higueras, David Pestaña, Domingo Martínez, Lorena Fernández, Marina Soro, Miguel Angel García-Bello, Rosa Lidia Fernández, Robert M Kacmarek
BACKGROUND: Patient-ventilator asynchrony is a common problem in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory failure. It is assumed that asynchronies worsen lung function and prolong the duration of mechanical ventilation (MV). Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a novel approach to MV based on neural respiratory center output that is able to trigger, cycle, and regulate the ventilatory cycle. We hypothesized that the use of NAVA compared to conventional lung-protective MV will result in a reduction of the duration of MV...
October 13, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737388/effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-6-month-treatment-with-paricalcitol-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#20
Inés Olaizola, Hena Caorsi, Laura Fajardo, Alejandro Ferreiro, Nieves Campistrus, Deyanira Dolinsky, Alicia Petraglia, Pablo Ambrosoni
Introduction: The mineral bone disorder, particularly secondary hyperparathyroidism, in chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a systemic impact affecting not only bone metabolism. Therefore its correction is important to prevent cardiovascular, inflammatory and immune diseases. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of intravenous paricalcitol administered over a 6 month period for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients undergoing conventional hemodialysis, with close follow-up of treatment response...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
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