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Glomerulonephritis, peritoneal dialysis

Ebun Ladipo Bamgboye
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This, along with other noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and heart diseases, poses a double burden on a region that is still struggling to cope with the scourge of communicable diseases like malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and more recently Ebola. Causes of CKD in the region are predominantly glomerulonephritis and hypertension, although type 2 diabetes is also becoming a significant cause as is the retroviral disease...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
M Kanitkar, H R Ramamurthy
BACKGROUND: Continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) is a modality of renal replacement therapy in children with renal failure. A retrospective study analysis of CPD data over four years at our center was carried out. METHODS: Ten children with renal failure on CPD were included. Depending on the supply, peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids of two different brands were used in the same patients over time. The patient months of CPD were divided into two groups based on the brand of PD fluid used...
July 2007: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
José Eduardo Araújo, S Jorge, Rita Magriço, Teixeira e Costa, Aura Ramos, M Reboiro-Jato, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, C Lodeiro, J L Capelo, Hugo Miguel Santos
Protein equalization with dithiothreitol, protein depletion with acetonitrile and the entire proteome were assessed in conjunction with matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry-based profiling for a fast and effective classification of patients with renal insufficiency. Two case groups were recruited as proof of concept, patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and diabetic nephropathy. Two key tools were used to develop this approach: protein concentration with centrifugal concentrator tubes with 10 KDa cut-off membranes and chemical assisted protein equalization with dithiothreitol or chemical assisted protein depletion with acetonitrile...
May 15, 2016: Talanta
Anais Benabed, Clemence Bechade, Maxence Ficheux, Christian Verger, Thierry Lobbedez
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) have been reported to be at an increased risk of peritonitis. This has been attributed to impairment in host defense, visual impairment, disability and muscle wasting, which could compromise ability to safely perform catheter connections. This study aimed to evaluate whether assisted PD is associated with a lower risk of peritonitis in diabetic patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on data from the French Language Peritoneal Dialysis Registry...
April 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Dong Chan Jin, Il Soo Ha, Nam Ho Kim, Seoung Woo Lee, Jong Soo Lee, Sung Ro Yoon, Byung Su Kim
The Korean Society of Nephrology (KSN) launched the official End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Patient Registry in 1985 and the Internet online registry program was opened in 2001. The ESRD Registry Committee of KSN has collected data on dialysis therapy in Korea through the online registry program in the KSN Internet website. The increasing number of elderly people and diabetic patients in Korea has resulted in a very rapid increase in the number of ESRD patients. The total number of ESRD patients was 58,860 (hemodialysis [HD], 39,509; peritoneal dialysis [PD], 7309; and functioning kidney transplant [KT], 12,042)...
March 2012: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
Dong Chan Jin, Jin Suk Han
The Korean Society of Nephrology (KSN) launched the official end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient registry in 1985, and an Internet online registry program was opened in 2001 and revised in 2013. The ESRD Registry Committee of KSN has collected data on dialysis therapy in Korea through the online registry program in the KSN Internet website. The status of renal replacement therapy in Korea at the end of 2012 is described in the following. The total number of ESRD patients was 70,211 at the end of 2012, which included 48,531 hemodialysis (HD) patients, 7,552 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and 14,128 functioning kidney transplant (KT) patients...
March 2014: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
Adanze O Asinobi, Adebowale D Ademola, Michael A Alao
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important cause of preventable mortality among children. Management of AKI may require renal replacement therapy (RRT) but access to RRT for children in low resource settings is limited. Our study explored the role of haemodialysis in the management of children with AKI in a low resource setting in terms of aetiology and outcomes. METHODS: A review of patients managed in the Paediatric Nephrology Unit, University College Hospital Ibadan, South-West Nigeria, who underwent haemodialysis for AKI from January 2006 to December 2014...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Ikuto Masakane, Shigeru Nakai, Satoshi Ogata, Naoki Kimata, Norio Hanafusa, Takayuki Hamano, Kenji Wakai, Atsushi Wada, Kosaku Nitta
A nationwide survey of 4325 dialysis facilities was conducted at the end of 2013, among which 4268 (98.7%) responded. The number of new dialysis patients was 38,095 in 2013. Since 2008, the number of new dialysis patients has remained almost the same without any marked increase or decrease. The number of dialysis patients who died in 2013 was 30,751. The dialysis patient population has been growing every year in Japan; it was 314,438 at the end of 2013. The number of dialysis patients per million at the end of 2013 was 2470...
December 2015: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Rina R Rus, Nataša Toplak, Alenka Vizjak, Jerica Mraz, Dušan Ferluga
There are only a few reports of the co-occurrence of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APGN) and acute rheumatic fever. We report an unusual case of a 3-year-old boy with nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure with the transitional need for peritoneal dialysis, biopsy-proven atypical IgA-dominant APGN, and concomitant acute rheumatic fever, successfully treated by steroids. Aggressive treatment with pulses of methylprednisolone proved to be successful and we recommend its use in this type of cases...
December 2015: Croatian Medical Journal
K F Akl, J H Albaramki, I Hazza, R Haddidi, S H Saleh, R Haddad, S Ajarmeh, R S Al-Assaf, E Al-Qadi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to find out the aetiology of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in children in Jordan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a multicentre retrospective study at five participating hospitals. Data collection included medical record review for age, gender, aetiology of ESRF, modality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) and outcome. End-stage renal failure was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 15 ml/min/1.73m2...
May 11, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Michelle M O'Shaughnessy, Maria E Montez-Rath, Richard A Lafayette, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), while peritoneal dialysis affords certain benefits over hemodialysis. Distributions and determinants of first ESRD treatment modality have not been compared across glomerulonephritis (GN) subtypes. METHODS: We identified all adult (18-75 years) patients with ESRD attributed to any of six GN subtypes [focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), IgA nephropathy (IgAN), membranous nephropathy (MN), membranoproliferative GN (MPGN), lupus nephritis (LN) and vasculitis] who were first registered in the US Renal Data System (USRDS) between 1996 and 2011...
February 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
E Kwiatkowska, L Domanski, A Pawlik
The patient was a 28-year-old man with chronic kidney disease in stage 5 and in the course of chronic membranoroliferative glomerulonephritis. The patient was treated for a period of 2 months using peritoneal dialysis. In September 2014, he had a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Four months after transplantation the patient was admitted to the hospital for a protocol biopsy. His creatinine was 1.5 mg/dL and urea was 59 mg/dL, urinalysis was normal in blood count with a normocytic anemia-hemoglobin level of 7...
September 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Hesham Safouh, Fatina Fadel, Rascha Essam, Ahmed Salah, Abdallah Bekhet
There are very few published reports on the causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Egyptian children. We reviewed the records of 1018 (males 56.7%, age ranged from 1 to 19 years) Egyptian patients suffering from CKD and followed-up at the pediatric nephrology units (outpatient clinics and dialysis units) of 11 universities over a period of two years. The mean of the estimated glomerular filtration rate was 12.5 mL/min/1.73 m 2 . Children with CKD stage I and stage II comprised 4.4% of the studied group, while those with stage III, IV and V comprised 19...
July 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Chi Bon Leung, Wai Lun Cheung, Philip Kam Tao Li
Renal Registry was started by the Hospital Authority (HA) in Hong Kong in 1995. It is an online system developed by HA. It collects all patients under care in HA, which is about 90-95 % of all requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Hong Kong. The total number of patients treated increased from 3312 in 1996 to 8510 in 2013. In 2013, there were 3501 renal transplant, 1192 hemodialysis (HD) and 3817 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In 2013, 1147 new patients joined the RRT program, 49.6% of them suffered from diabetic nephropathy...
June 2015: Kidney International Supplements
Michelle M O'Shaughnessy, Maria E Montez-Rath, Richard A Lafayette, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Outcomes-based research rarely focuses on patients with ESRD caused by GN. The hypotheses were that the GN subtype would clinically discriminate patient groups and independently associate with survival after ESRD therapy initiation. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were extracted from the US Renal Data System for adult patients with incident (1996-2011) ESRD attributed to six GN subtypes: FSGS, IgA nephropathy (IgAN), membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomeruonephritis, lupus nephritis (LN), and vasculitis...
July 7, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Eric W Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Venkatesh Rajkumar, Kiran Krishne Gowda, Vivekanand Jha, Harbir Singh Kohli, Vivek Kumar, Raja Ramachandran
Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis (PICGN). A small subgroup of patients with PICGN are anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) negative. We report a case of a patient with ANCA-negative renal-limited form of PICGN who developed ESRD despite treatment. He underwent live-related renal allograft transplantation after 12 months on haemodialysis. In the eighth post-transplant month, he developed graft dysfunction, which on evaluation turned out to be a graft recurrence of the basic disease in the form of PICGN...
October 2013: Clinical Kidney Journal
Inna Kolesnyk, Marlies Noordzij, Mykola Kolesnyk, Mykola Kulyzky, Kitty J Jager
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the status of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the post-Soviet countries. We therefore investigated the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of RRT in Ukrainian patients and put the results into an international perspective. METHODS: Data from the Ukrainian National Renal Registry for patients on RRT between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012 were selected. We calculated the incidence and prevalence of RRT per million population (pmp) and the 3-, 12- and 24-month patient survival using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression...
June 2014: Clinical Kidney Journal
Blanche M Chavers, Julia T Molony, Craig A Solid, Michelle N Rheault, Allan J Collins
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Few published data describe survival rates for pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We aimed to describe one-year mortality rates for US pediatric ESRD patients over a 15-year period. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we used the US Renal Data System database to identify period-prevalent cohorts of patients aged younger than 19 for each year during the period 1995-2010. Yearly cohorts averaged approximately 1,200 maintenance dialysis patients (60% hemodialysis, 40% peritoneal dialysis) and 1,100 transplant recipients...
2015: American Journal of Nephrology
Anirudh Rao, Anna Casula, Clare Castledine
INTRODUCTION: This chapter describes the characteristics of adult patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the UK in 2013. METHODS: Data were electronically collected from all 71 renal centres within the UK. A series of cross sectional and longitudinal analyses were performed to describe the demographics of prevalent RRT patients in 2013 at centre and national level. RESULTS: There were 56,940 adult patients receiving RRT in the UK on 31st December 2013...
2015: Nephron
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