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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346740/role-of-the-diabetes-educator-in-inpatient-diabetes-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
It is the position of American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) that all inpatient interdisciplinary teams include a diabetes educator to lead or support improvement efforts that affect patients hospitalized with diabetes or hyperglycemia. This not only encompasses patient and family education but education of interdisciplinary team members and achievement of diabetes-related organizational quality metrics and performance outcomes.
February 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346441/a-portable-system-for-processing-donated-whole-blood-into-high-quality-components-without-centrifugation
#2
Sean C Gifford, Briony C Strachan, Hui Xia, Eszter Vörös, Kian Torabian, Taylor A Tomasino, Gary D Griffin, Benjamin Lichtiger, Fleur M Aung, Sergey S Shevkoplyas
BACKGROUND: The use of centrifugation-based approaches for processing donated blood into components is routine in the industrialized world, as disparate storage conditions require the rapid separation of 'whole blood' into distinct red blood cell (RBC), platelet, and plasma products. However, the logistical complications and potential cellular damage associated with centrifugation/apheresis manufacturing of blood products are well documented. The objective of this study was to evaluate a proof-of-concept system for whole blood processing, which does not employ electromechanical parts, is easily portable, and can be operated immediately after donation with minimal human labor...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346231/the-complex-association-of-race-ethnicity-with-pain-treatment-quality-in-an-urban-medical-center-with-2-pediatric-emergency-departments
#3
Erika M Kipping, James M Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore racial differences in analgesia quality. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 24,733 visits by individuals 21 years or younger with pain scores of 4 to 10 was performed using electronic medical records. We compared 2 process metrics, treatment with any analgesics within 60 minutes and treatment with opioids within 60 minutes, and one outcome metric, a reduction in pain score by 2 or more points within 90 minutes...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342944/a-novel-adaptive-modulation-based-on-nondata-aided-error-vector-magnitude-in-non-line-of-sight-condition-of-wireless-sensor-network
#4
Fan Yang, Xiaoping Zeng, Haiwei Mao, Xin Jian, Xiaoheng Tan, Derong Du
The high demand for multimedia applications in environmental monitoring, invasion detection, and disaster aid has led to the rise of wireless sensor network (WSN). With the increase of reliability and diversity of information streams, the higher requirements on throughput and quality of service (QoS) have been put forward in data transmission between two sensor nodes. However, lower spectral efficiency becomes a bottleneck in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) transmission of WSN. This paper proposes a novel nondata-aided error vector magnitude based adaptive modulation (NDA-EVM-AM) to solve the problem...
January 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340817/adenoma-detection-rate-metrics-in-colorectal-cancer-surveillance-colonoscopy
#5
Jamie M Tjaden, Jessica A Hause, Daniel Berger, Samantha K Duveneck, Shriram M Jakate, Bruce A Orkin, Elizabeth L Hubbard, Joshua E Melson
BACKGROUND: A target goal for screening adenoma detection rate (S-ADR) of ≥ 25% has been set to define high-quality colonoscopy performance. However, there is no current accepted target goal for ADR in colorectal cancer (CRC) surveillance. This makes quality assessment challenging when physicians perform cancer surveillance colonoscopy but minimal screening procedures. METHODS: In this cohort study, consecutive colonoscopies performed at either Rush University Medical Center or Rush Oak Park Hospital by a gastroenterologist or colorectal surgeon in average risk screening population and CRC surveillance population were reviewed retrospectively from 2006 to 2012 and prospectively from 2013 to 2016...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338812/comprehensive-assessment-of-the-quality-of-salmonella-whole-genome-sequence-data-available-in-public-sequence-databases-using-the-salmonella-in-silico-typing-resource-sistr
#6
James Robertson, Catherine Yoshida, Peter Kruczkiewicz, Celine Nadon, Anil Nichani, Eduardo N Taboada, John Howard Eagles Nash
Public health and food safety institutions around the world are adopting whole genome sequencing (WGS) to replace conventional methods for characterizing Salmonella for use in surveillance and outbreak response. Falling costs and increased throughput of WGS have resulted in an explosion of data, but questions remain as to the reliability and robustness of the data. Due to the critical importance of serovar information to public health, it is essential to have reliable serovar assignments available for all of the Salmonella records...
January 17, 2018: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336119/evaluations-of-ultraiq-software-for-objective-ultrasound-image-quality-assessment-using-images-from-a-commercial-scanner
#7
Zaiyang Long, Donald J Tradup, Scott F Stekel, Krzysztof R Gorny, Nicholas J Hangiandreou
We evaluated a commercially available software package that uses B-mode images to semi-automatically measure quantitative metrics of ultrasound image quality, such as contrast response, depth of penetration (DOP), and spatial resolution (lateral, axial, and elevational). Since measurement of elevational resolution is not a part of the software package, we achieved it by acquiring phantom images with transducers tilted at 45 degrees relative to the phantom. Each measurement was assessed in terms of measurement stability, sensitivity, repeatability, and semi-automated measurement success rate...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333105/measures-and-metrics-for-feasibility-of-proof-of-concept-studies-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-rapid-point-of-care-technologies-the-evidence-and-the-framework
#8
REVIEW
Nitika Pant Pai, Tiago Chiavegatti, Rohit Vijh, Nicolaos Karatzas, Jana Daher, Megan Smallwood, Tom Wong, Nora Engel
Objective: Pilot (feasibility) studies form a vast majority of diagnostic studies with point-of-care technologies but often lack use of clear measures/metrics and a consistent framework for reporting and evaluation. To fill this gap, we systematically reviewed data to (a) catalog feasibility measures/metrics and (b) propose a framework. Methods: For the period January 2000 to March 2014, 2 reviewers searched 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus), retrieved 1441 citations, and abstracted data from 81 studies...
December 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332200/simultaneous-multi-slice-accelerated-turbo-spin-echo-of-the-knee-in-pediatric-patients
#9
Sebastien Benali, Patrick R Johnston, Ali Gholipour, Monet E Dugan, Keith Heberlein, Himanshu Bhat, Sarah D Bixby
PURPOSE: To compare knee MRI performed with the integrated parallel acquisition technique (PAT) and simultaneous multislice (SMS) turbo spin echo (TSE) T2-weighted (T2w) sequences with conventional TSE sequences in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective IRB-approved study. Seventy-four subjects (26 male, 48 female, mean age 15.3 years, range 8-20) underwent 3-T MRI of the knee with a T2w TSE pulse sequence prototype with four-fold PAT and SMS acceleration as well as the standard PAT-only accelerated sequences...
January 13, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331277/unplanned-reoperation-after-hepatectomy-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#10
Heather G Lyu, Gaurav Sharma, Ethan Y Brovman, Julius Ejiofor, Richard D Urman, Jason S Gold, Edward E Whang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Reoperation is being increasingly utilized as a metric for surgical care quality. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of and risk factors for unplanned reoperation following index hepatectomy. METHODS: Pre, intra- and post-operative information of patients who underwent partial hepatectomy in 435 hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2011 to 2013 were analyzed...
January 11, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330127/present-drug-likeness-filters-in-medicinal-chemistry-during-the-hit-and-lead-optimization-process-how-far-can-they-be-simplified
#11
REVIEW
Serge Mignani, João Rodrigues, Helena Tomas, Rachid Jalal, Parvinder Pal Singh, Jean-Pierre Majoral, Ram A Vishwakarma
During the past decade, decreasing the attrition rate of drug development candidates reaching the market has become one of the major challenges in pharmaceutical research and drug development (R&D). To facilitate the decision-making process, and to increase the probability of rapidly finding and developing high-quality compounds, a variety of multiparametric guidelines, also known as rules and ligand efficiency (LE) metrics, have been developed. However, what are the 'best' descriptors and how far can we simplify these drug-likeness prediction tools in terms of the numerous, complex properties that they relate to?...
January 9, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328085/reference-free-metric-for-quantitative-noise-appraisal-in-holographic-phase-measurements
#12
Silvio Montrésor, Pascal Picart, Mayssa Karray
This paper presents a reference-free metric for quantitative appraisal of de-noising algorithms for phase measurements in digital holography. In the literature, quality metrics are not self-contained because they require a noise-free reference phase fringe pattern in order to be computed. In practical situations, no exact phase is available to evaluate the quality of processing. In order to bypass such limitations, one needs a metric directly capable of providing information on how efficient the filtering is, without any help from any reference measurements and by only considering the measured available phase data...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324418/niqsv-a-no-reference-synthesized-view-quality-assessment-metric
#13
Shishun Tian, Lu Zhang, Luce Morin, Olivier Deforges
Benefiting from multi-view video plus depth and depth-image-based-rendering technologies, only limited views of a real 3-D scene need to be captured, compressed, and transmitted. However, the quality assessment of synthesized views is very challenging, since some new types of distortions, which are inherently different from the texture coding errors, are inevitably produced by view synthesis and depth map compression, and the corresponding original views (reference views) are usually not available. Thus the full-reference quality metrics cannot be used for synthesized views...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324209/using-process-improvement-tools-to-improve-the-care-of-patients-with-neutropenic-fever-in-the-emergency-room
#14
Avantika Dang, Lauren N Gjolaj, Myka Whitman, Gustavo Fernandez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to improve the care of patients with neutropenic fever in an academic acute care hospital's emergency room (ER). METHODS: Using the define, measure, analyze, improve, control method, a two-phase project with three critical to quality metrics (reduction in time to antibiotic administration, increase in percentage of patients with neutropenic fever identified as an oncology emergency, and increase in patients cohorted on oncology units) was completed...
January 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321870/contrasting-genetic-metrics-and-patterns-among-naturalized-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-two-patagonian-lakes-differentially-impacted-by-trout-aquaculture
#15
Cristian B Canales-Aguirre, Lisa W Seeb, James E Seeb, María I Cádiz, Selim S Musleh, Ivan Arismendi, Gonzalo Gajardo, Ricardo Galleguillos, Daniel Gomez-Uchida
Different pathways of propagation and dispersal of non-native species into new environments may have contrasting demographic and genetic impacts on established populations. Repeated introductions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to Chile in South America, initially through stocking and later through aquaculture escapes, provide a unique setting to contrast these two pathways. Using a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms, we found contrasting genetic metrics and patterns among naturalized trout in Lake Llanquihue, Chile's largest producer of salmonid smolts for nearly 50 years, and Lake Todos Los Santos (TLS), a reference lake where aquaculture has been prohibited by law...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321685/physical-activity-and-diet-on-atherogenic-index-of-plasma-among-adults-in-the-united-states-mediation-considerations-by-central-adiposity
#16
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The potential interactive or combined association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and dietary behavior with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has yet to be explored in a representative sample of US adults. Thus, the study aim was to examine the association of MVPA and dietary behavior on AIP, with potential mediation considerations by central adiposity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2701 adults aged 20-85 years)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317455/improving-temporal-trends-in-survival-and-neurological-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#17
Jason E Buick, Ian R Drennan, Damon C Scales, Steven C Brooks, Adams Byers, Sheldon Cheskes, Katie N Dainty, Michael Feldman, P Richard Verbeek, Cathy Zhan, Alex Kiss, Laurie J Morrison, Steve Lin
BACKGROUND: Considerable effort has gone into improving outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Studies suggest that survival is improving; however, prior studies had insufficient data to pursue the relationship between markers of guideline compliance and temporal trends. The objective of the study was to evaluate trends in OHCA survival over an 8-year period that included the implementation of the 2005 and 2010 international cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316924/association-of-hospice-utilization-and-publicly-reported-outcomes-following-hospitalization-for-pneumonia-or-heart-failure-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Soowhan Lah, Emily L Wilson, Sarah Beesley, Iftach Sagy, James Orme, Victor Novack, Samuel M Brown
BACKGROUND: The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Hospital Quality Alliance began collecting and reporting United States hospital performance in the treatment of pneumonia and heart failure in 2008. Whether the utilization of hospice might affect CMS-reported mortality and readmission rates is not known. METHODS: Hospice utilization (mean days on hospice per decedent) for 2012 from the Dartmouth Atlas (a project of the Dartmouth Institute that reports a variety of public health and policy-related statistics) was merged with hospital-level 30-day mortality and readmission rates for pneumonia and heart failure from CMS...
January 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315467/a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-in-postoperative-pain-studies-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-patients-towards-development-of-a-core-outcome-set
#19
REVIEW
A Ross, J Young, R Hedin, G Aran, A Demand, A Stafford, J Worley, M Moore, M Vassar
Systematic reviews of postoperative pain in children have called into question the consistency of outcomes measured by clinical triallists as well as the measurement instruments used for assessment. Core outcome set methodology may be a solution to improve standardisation. This study provides an evidence-based foundation for the development of a core outcome set for paediatric postoperative pain studies. We searched ClinicalTrials.gov to identify relevant postoperative pain studies in children. The search yielded 300 registered trials...
January 8, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315117/heterogeneity-of-reporting-outcomes-in-the-spine-surgery-literature
#20
Maxwell E Cooper, Luke A Torre-Healy, Vincent J Alentado, Samuel Cho, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
STUDY DESIGN: Review of spine surgery literature between 2005 and 2014 to assess the reporting of patient outcomes by determining the variability of use of patient outcomes metrics in the following categories: pain and disability, patient satisfaction, readmission, and depression. OBJECTIVE: Expose the heterogeneity of outcomes reporting and discuss current initiatives to create more homogenous outcomes databases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been a recent focus on the reporting of quality metrics associated with spine surgery outcomes...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
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