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morphology AND histology AND vessels

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674756/quantifying-solid-stress-and-elastic-energy-from-excised-or-in-situ-tumors
#1
Hadi T Nia, Meenal Datta, Giorgio Seano, Peigen Huang, Lance L Munn, Rakesh K Jain
Solid stress, distinct from both tissue stiffness and fluid pressure, is a mechanical stress that is often elevated in both murine and human tumors. The importance of solid stress in tumor biology has been recognized in initial studies: solid stress promotes tumor progression and lowers the efficacy of anticancer therapies by compressing blood vessels and contributing to hypoxia. However, robust, reproducible, and objective methods that go beyond demonstration and bulk measurements have not yet been established...
May 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659420/needle-based-optical-coherence-tomography-to-guide-transbronchial-lymph-node-biopsy
#2
Eugene Shostak, Lida P Hariri, George Z Cheng, David C Adams, Melissa J Suter
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), often used to sample lymph nodes for lung cancer staging, is subject to sampling error even when performed with endobronchial ultrasound. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging modality that rapidly generates helical cross-sectional images. We aim to determine if needle-based OCT can provide microstructural information in lymph nodes that may be used to guide TBNA, and improve sampling error. METHODS: We performed ex vivo needle-based OCT on thoracic lymph nodes from patients with and without known lung cancer...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625839/choroidal-and-sub-retinal-pigment-epithelium-caverns-multimodal-imaging-and-correspondence-with-friedman-lipid-globules
#3
Rosa Dolz-Marco, Jay P Glover, Orly Gal-Or, Katie M Litts, Jeffrey D Messinger, Yuhua Zhang, Mariano Cozzi, Marco Pellegrini, K Bailey Freund, Giovanni Staurenghi, Christine A Curcio
PURPOSE: To survey Friedman lipid globules by high-resolution histologic examination and to compare with multimodal imaging of hyporeflective caverns in eyes with geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular (AMD) and other retinal diseases. DESIGN: Histologic survey of donor eyes with and without AMD. Clinical case series with multimodal imaging analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Donor eyes (n = 139; 26 with early AMD, 13 with GA, 40 with nAMD, 52 with a healthy macula, and 8 with other or unknown characteristics) and 41 eyes of 28 participants with GA (n = 16), nAMD (n = 8), Stargardt disease (n = 4), cone dystrophy (n = 2), pachychoroid spectrum (n = 6), choroidal hemangioma (n = 1), and healthy eyes (n = 4)...
April 3, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621779/vessel-morphologies-of-the-brain-in-cytological-squash-preparations-are-useful-for-intraoperative-diagnosis-of-high-grade-astrocytomas
#4
Hirotaka Fujita, Takuma Tajiri, Tomohisa Machida, Hitoshi Itoh, Shinichiro Hiraiwa, Masaaki Imai, Shinri Oda, Masami Shimoda, Chie Inomoto, Tomoko Sugiyama, Naoya Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether intraoperative cytological evaluation of squash preparations is of benefit for differentiating high-grade from low-grade astrocytomas. METHODS: Squash preparations of 42 astrocytomas were classified histologically according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2007 classification system as grade II (n = 12), grade III (n = 11), and grade IV (n = 19) and were divided into 2 groups, namely a low-grade group (grade II) and a high-grade group (grades III and IV)...
April 5, 2018: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608865/vascularization-in-craniofacial-bone-tissue-engineering
#5
T Tian, T Zhang, Y Lin, X Cai
Craniofacial bones, separate from the appendicular skeleton, bear a significant amount of strain and stress generated from mastication-related muscles. Current research on the regeneration of craniofacial bone focuses on the reestablishment of an elaborate vascular network. In this review, current challenges and efforts particularly in advances of scaffold properties and techniques for vascularization remodeling in craniofacial bone tissue engineering will be discussed. A microenvironment of ischemia and hypoxia in the biomaterial core drives propagation and reorganization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to assemble into a primitive microvascular framework...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602940/morphological-and-crystal-chemical-characteristic-of-pan%C3%B1-reatic-lithiasis
#6
Oleksandr V Kravets, Ihor A Danilenko, Olga M Smorodska, Artem M Piddubnyi, Inna-Margaryta S Zakorko, Sergei N Danilchenko, Roman A Moskalenko, Mykola G Kononenko, Anatolii M Romaniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Information on chemical and phase composition of pancreoliths is limited and discrepant. There are reports, that pancreoliths are composed by calcium, phosphate, calcium carbonate or combination of calcium with fatty acids The aim of the work is studying of structural characteristics of pancreatoliths in 5 clinical cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Morphological and crystal-chemical study of five cases of pathological biomineralization in the pancreas were conducted in the work...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576013/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplement-reduces-activation-of-nadph-oxidase-in-intracranial-atherosclerosis-stenosis
#7
Jiamei Shen, Radhika Rastogi, Longfei Guan, Fengwu Li, Huishan Du, Xiaokun Geng, Yuchuan Ding
Objectives Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is one of the most common causes of stroke worldwide. We adapted a rat model of atherosclerosis to study brain intracranial atherosclerosis, and further investigated how omega-3 fatty acids (O3FA) attenuated the development of ICAS by reducing the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX) activity. Methods Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control normal-cholesterol or high-cholesterol diet groups with or without O3FA for up to 6 weeks...
March 24, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558035/the-structure-of-the-vascular-system-of-the-septomarginal-trabecula-in-the-heart-of-an-adult
#8
Miłosz Zajączkowski, Adam Kosiński, Marek Grzybiak, Rafał Kamiński, Agata Kaczyńska, Stanisław Zajączkowski, Ewa Nowicka
BACKGROUND: In cardiology, the paths of the arteries penetrating the septomarginal trabecula (SMT) are especially important. They provide blood supply to the apparatus of the right atrioventricular orifice and often form anastomoses with the system of the right coronary artery. Despite this, only a few publications discuss the morphological aspect of the septomarginal trabecula, and available histological analyses seldom deal with its blood supply. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the vessel structure of the septomarginal trabecula in terms of the variability of the area of the cross-section of the lumen and the muscular layer of the artery...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552265/myopericytoma-myopericytomatosis-of-the-lower-extremity-in-two-young-patients-a-recently-designated-rare-soft-tissue-neoplasm
#9
Katherine Peters, Jamie T Caracciolo, Evita Henderson-Jackson, Odion Binitie
Myopericytomas are rare, slow-growing benign perivascular tumors most commonly arising within the superficial subcutaneous soft tissues of the lower extremity. They represent one of several related perivascular tumors of myoid lineage with similar morphology and shared immunohistochemical profile including positive staining for smooth muscle actin. Histologically, myopericytoma exhibit concentric, perivascular proliferation of spindled myoid cells with bland elongated nuclei and associated blood vessels. A solitary well-demarcated nodule or mass is typically referred to as myopericytoma, whereas an infiltrative multinodular lesion has more recently been termed myopericytomatosis...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548928/successful-single-treatment-with-ziv-aflibercept-for-existing-corneal-neovascularization-following-ocular-chemical-insult-in-the-rabbit-model
#10
Gore Ariel, Horwitz Vered, Cohen Maayan, Gutman Hila, Cohen Liat, Gez Relli, Kadar Tamar, Dachir Shlomit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of ziv-aflibercept as a treatment for established corneal neovascularization (NV) and to compare its efficacy to that of bevacizumab following ocular chemical insult of sulfur mustard (SM) in the rabbit model. METHODS: Chemical SM burn was induced in the right eye of NZW rabbits by vapor exposure. Ziv-aflibercept (2 mg) was applied once to neovascularized eyes by subconjunctival injection while subconjunctival bevacizumab (5 mg) was administered twice a week, for 3 weeks...
March 13, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534229/ceramide-1-phosphate-has-protective-properties-against-cyclophosphamide-induced-ovarian-damage-in-a-mice-model-of-premature-ovarian-failure
#11
Natalia Pascuali, Leopoldina Scotti, Mariana Di Pietro, Gonzalo Oubiña, Diana Bas, María May, Antonio Gómez Muñoz, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, Marta Tesone, Dalhia Abramovich, Fernanda Parborell
STUDY QUESTION: Is ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) an ovarian protective agent during alkylating chemotherapy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Local administration of C1P drastically reduces ovarian damage induced by cyclophosphamide (Cy) via protection of follicular reserve, restoration of hormone levels, inhibition of apoptosis and improvement of stromal vasculature, while protecting fertility, oocyte quality and uterine morphology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cancer-directed therapies cause accelerated loss of ovarian reserve and lead to premature ovarian failure (POF)...
March 9, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531006/tfe3-expressing-epithelioid-rich-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-neoplasm-pecoma-of-the-bladder-with-unusual-benign-course
#12
Xiu Fen Chen, Joe Yeong, Kenneth Tou En Chang, Alvin Soon Tiong Lim, Chik Hong Kuick, Tse Hui Lim, Jain Sudhanshi, Sathiyamoorthy Selvarajan, Valerie Huei Li Gan, Li Yan Khor
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is an uncommon tumor which presents with epithelioid and spindled cell morphology and is immunoreactive for myogenic and melanocytic markers. Recently, a subset of PEComas has been reported to harbor TFE3 gene rearrangement.In this case report, we describe a TFE3 -expressing primary bladder PEComa in a 27-year-old male patient with acute myeloid leukaemia in remission. The tumor displayed epithelioid morphology with surrounding delicate blood vessels and was devoid of a prominent spindle cell component...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506844/time-course-study-of-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-disruption-in-acute-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis
#13
Shuofei Yang, Jiaquan Chen, Qihong Ni, Haozhe Qi, Xiangjiang Guo, Lan Zhang, Guanhua Xue
BACKGROUND: Acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (ASMVT) is an abdominal vascular condition. Early recanalization is essential to successful treatment. The aim of the study was to establish rabbit models of ASMVT and assess the time course of intestinal epithelial barrier disruption. METHODS: After surgical exposure of superior mesenteric vein (Sham group), large-vessel (L-group) and small-vessel (S-group) models were established by endothelium damage, stenosis creation, and thrombin injection...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486986/sinusoidal-hemangioma-and-intravascular-papillary-endothelial-hyperplasia-interrelated-processes-that-share-a-histogenetic-piecemeal-angiogenic-mechanism
#14
Lucio Díaz-Flores, Ricardo Gutiérrez, M ª Pino García, M González-Gómez, Francisco J Sáez, Lucio Díaz-Flores, José Luis Carrasco, Juan F Madrid
Sinusoidal hemangioma, characterized by interconnecting thin-walled vascular spaces, may present papillae/pseudo-papillae and zones that resemble intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH). Our objectives are to explore the existence of zones in IPEH with sinusoidal hemangioma characteristics, the mechanism of papillary and septa formation in sinusoidal hemangioma and the comparison of this mechanism with that in IPEH. For these purposes, specimens of 4 cases of each entity were selected and studied by serial histologic sections and by immunochemistry and immunofluorescence procedures...
February 25, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486291/primary-low-grade-fibromyxoid-sarcoma-of-breast-a-rare-case-report-with-immunohistochemical-and-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-detection
#15
Yutao Zhang Master, Dan Wan Master, Fuping Gao Master
Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare tumor with a bland histological appearance but malignant biological behavior. Primary LGFMS of breast has not been described in the English-language literature. Here, we report a 58-year-old Chinese female patient who presented with a painless mass in the right breast for more than 30 years. The tumor consists of spindle cells resembling fibroblasts and includes two kinds of morphological change, which are alternating collagenized hypocellular zone and cell-rich myxoid area...
February 24, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475119/the-correlation-of-morphological-and-thrombotic-villous-arterial-lesions-with-fetal-doppler-echocardiographic-measurements-in-the-placentas-of-low-risk-term-pregnancies
#16
Katsuyuki Sekii, Chizuko Yaguchi, Hiroaki Itoh
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have correlated the placental vasculature with fetal cardiac function other than umbilical artery Doppler assessment in low-risk pregnancies. We assessed the contribution of the placental vasculature to fetal echocardiographic parameters using histopathological and morphometric analyses of placental resistance arteries. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-four low-risk singleton term pregnancies were assessed, including 24 thrombosis-negative cases (no/minimal gross and histological placental abnormalities) and 10 thrombosis-positive cases (histologically identified chorionic plate/stem vessel thrombosis)...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424175/-experimental-study-on-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-promoting-tendon-bone-healing-after-reconstruction-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-in-rabbits
#17
Chun-Bao Li, Chao Xue, Wei Qi, Ning Wang, Jing Xue, Xiao-Yong Wu, Juan-Li Zhu, Yang Liu, Yu-Jie Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore highly agglutinative staphylococcin (HAS) pomoting on tendon-bone healing after reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) in rabbits. METHODS: Animal model of ACL reconstruction in 24 mature New Zealand white rabbits(3 months, 2.56 kg on average, either gender) were established using autologous digital long extensor tendon and randomly classified into 2 groups(HAS and control group), 12 rabbits for each group. HAS group was separately injected 0...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394892/acacia-hydaspica-r-parker-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-stress-dna-damage-and-morphological-alterations-in-rat-pulmonary-tissue
#18
Tayyaba Afsar, Suhail Razak, Ali Almajwal, Muhammad Rashid Khan
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (CP) drug is platinum compounds used for the treatment of various human malignancies. However, adverse outcomes related to CP restrict its usage. Acacia hydaspica is a natural shrub with various pharmacological properties. The current investigation aimed to assess the protective potential of A. hydaspica polyphenol rich ethyl acetate extract (AHE) against cisplatin (CP) induced pulmonary toxicity. METHODS: Rats were divided into six groups...
February 2, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362484/whole-organ-blood-and-lymphatic-vessels-imaging-wobli
#19
Roni Oren, Liat Fellus-Alyagor, Yoseph Addadi, Filip Bochner, Hila Gutman, Shani Blumenreich, Hagit Dafni, Nava Dekel, Michal Neeman, Shlomi Lazar
Thin section histology is limited in providing 3D structural information, particularly of the intricate morphology of the vasculature. Availability of high spatial resolution imaging for thick samples, would overcome the restriction dictated by low light penetration. Our study aimed at optimizing the procedure for efficient and affordable tissue clearing, along with an appropriate immunofluorescence labeling that will be applicable for high resolution imaging of blood and lymphatic vessels. The new procedure, termed whole organ blood and lymphatic vessels imaging (WOBLI), is based on two previously reported methods, CLARITY and ScaleA2...
January 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354887/delayed-recanalization-promotes-functional-recovery-in-rats-following-permanent-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#20
Devin William McBride, Guangyong Wu, Derek Nowrangi, Jerry J Flores, Liang Hui, Paul R Krafft, John H Zhang
Most large vessel stroke patients have permanent occlusion, for which there are no current treatment options. Recent case studies have indicated delayed recanalization, that is recanalization outside of the 6-h treatment window, may lead to improved outcome. We hypothesized that delayed recanalization will restore cerebral blood flow, leading to improved function in rats. Male SD rats were subjected to pMCAO or sham surgery. Delayed recanalization was performed on either day 3, 7, or 14 after pMCAO in a subset of animals...
April 2018: Translational Stroke Research
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