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morphology AND histology AND vessels

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981171/construction-of-tissue-engineered-lymphatic-vessel-using-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-differentiated-lymphatic-endothelial-like-cells-and-decellularized-arterial-scaffold-a-preliminary-study
#1
Yi Yang, Jian-Tao Yang, Xiao-Hu Chen, Ben-Gang Qin, Fu-Gui Li, Yun-Xian Chen, Li-Qiang Gu, Jia-Kai Zhu, Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: We have previously demonstrated that human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) can be differentiated into lymphatic endothelial-like cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of utilizing the induced lymphatic endothelial-like cells and decellularized arterial scaffold to construct the tissue-engineered lymphatic vessel. METHODS: The hADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue in healthy adults and were characterized the multilineage differentiation potential...
October 5, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976342/topical-growth-hormone-accelerates-wound-healing-in-mice
#2
Cicero Fagner Messias de Lima, Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Luis Alex de Carvalho Wanderley, Jamylle Nunes de Souza Ferro, Salete Smaniotto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of topical growth hormone (GH) treatment on skin wound healing in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An excisional wound healing model was established on male Swiss mice, and wound healing ability was evaluated by macroscopic and histologic analyses of mice treated with topical 10-8 M and 10-7 M of GH versus the mice receiving ve- hicle alone. Wound tissues were collected on post treatment days 3, 7, and 14...
September 26, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968005/-blood-feeding-of-rhodnius-prolixus
#3
Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Carlos A Muñoz-Zuluaga, Liliana Salazar
Triatomines (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) are blood-sucking insect vectors of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi which is the causative agent of Chagas' disease. Rhodnius prolixus is the most epidemiologically important vector of T. cruzi in Colombia. Triatomines are regarded to be vessel-feeders as they obtain their blood meals from vertebrate hosts by directly inserting their mouthparts into vessels. Microscopic techniques are useful for visualizing and describing the morphology of biological structures. Here, we show images of the blood-feeding of R...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966853/in-vivo-imaging-of-the-palisades-of-vogt-and-the-limbal-crypts-with-sub-micrometer-axial-resolution-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
Kostadinka Bizheva, Bingyao Tan, Benjamin MacLellan, Zohreh Hosseinaee, Erik Mason, Denise Hileeto, Luigina Sorbara
A research-grade OCT system was used to image in-vivo and without contact with the tissue, the cellular structure and microvasculature of the healthy human corneo-scleral limbus. The OCT system provided 0.95 µm axial and 4 µm (2 µm) lateral resolution in biological tissue depending on the magnification of the imaging objective. Cross-sectional OCT images acquired tangentially from the inferior limbus showed reflective, loop-like features that correspond to the fibrous folds of the palisades of Vogt (POV)...
September 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887711/in-vitro-remodeling-and-structural-characterization-of-degradable-polymer-scaffold-based-tissue-engineered-vascular-grafts-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Wanwen Chen, Junqing Yang, Wenjun Liao, Jiahui Zhou, Jianyi Zheng, Yueheng Wu, Dongfeng Li, Zhanyi Lin
Non-destructive imaging strategies to monitor long-term cultures is essential for vascular engineering. The goal of this study is to investigate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be a suitable approach to monitor the long-term remodeling process of biodegradable polymeric scaffold-based tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVG) after pulsatile stimulation and to observe polymeric scaffold degradation during bioreactor cultivation. In the present study, a perfusion system driven by a ventricular assist device was provided for a three-dimensional culture system as a pulsatile force...
September 8, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871268/xylem-vessel-diameter-affects-the-compartmentalization-of-the-vascular-pathogen-phaeomoniella-chlamydospora-in-grapevine
#6
Jérôme Pouzoulet, Elia Scudiero, Marco Schiavon, Philippe E Rolshausen
Fungal wilt diseases are a threat to global food safety. Previous studies in perennial crops showed that xylem vessel diameter affects disease susceptibility. We tested the hypothesis that xylem vessel diameter impacts occlusion processes and pathogen compartmentalization in Vitis vinifera L. We studied the interaction between four grape commercial cultivars with the vascular wilt pathogen Phaeomoniella chlamydospora. We used qPCR and wood necrotic lesion length to measure fungal colonization coupled with histological studies to assess differences in xylem morphology, pathogen compartmentalization, and fungal colonization strategy...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827758/in-vivo-label-free-structural-and-biochemical-imaging-of-coronary-arteries-using-an-integrated-ultrasound-and-multispectral-fluorescence-lifetime-catheter-system
#7
Julien Bec, Jennifer E Phipps, Dimitris Gorpas, Dinglong Ma, Hussain Fatakdawala, Kenneth B Margulies, Jeffrey A Southard, Laura Marcu
Existing clinical intravascular imaging modalities are not capable of accurate detection of critical plaque pathophysiology in the coronary arteries. This study reports the first intravascular catheter combining intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) that enables label-free simultaneous assessment of morphological and biochemical features of coronary vessels in vivo. A 3.7 Fr catheter with a fiber-optic channel was constructed based on a 40 MHz clinical IVUS catheter...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822901/morphological-and-molecular-differences-in-corpus-luteum-of-pregnant-sows-from-divergent-genetic-groups
#8
Karine A Costa, Walmir da Silva, Renata Veroneze, José C Montes, Lucas L Verardo, Margareth E Botelho, Márcio S Duarte, Mariana M Neves, Paulo S Lopes, José D Guimarães, Susana A Teixeira, Laene Alcantara, Simone E F Guimarães
Comprehending mechanisms controlling corpus luteum (CL) angiogenesis and apoptosis in pregnant sows is essential to understand the physiological role of these processes in CL function, progesterone production and consequently in conceptus development and prenatal mortality. CL from 54 sows from two genetic groups, a commercial line (COM) and the local Piau breed (LPB), were obtained for gene expression (n = 3 COM; n = 6 LPB), histological and protein analysis (n = 3 COM; n = 3 LPB), divided in six gestational ages (seven, 15, 30, 45, 60 and 90 days)...
July 29, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813122/morphological-alterations-in-the-jejunal-mucosa-of-aged-rats-and-the-possible-protective-role-of-green-tea
#9
Zeinab Abel-Rehim Hassan, Agata Zauszkiewicz-Pawlak, Shaimaa A Abdelrahman, Sami Algaidi, Maha Desouky, Sally M Shalaby
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal disorders become more prevalent with ageing. This study is aimed to describe morphological changes that occur in the jejunal mucosa of male albino rats as a result of ageing and the protective effect of green tea supplements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experiment was performed on sixty rats: thirty young-adult (6-month old, body mass 200-220 g) and thirty old (24-month-old, body mass 220-260 g) animals. Each group was further divided into two subgroups (n = 15 each): control rats and green tea-treated rats that received 1...
August 16, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807411/timp3-is-regulated-by-pericytes-upon-shear-stress-detection-leading-to-a-modified-endothelial-cell-response
#10
C Schrimpf, T Koppen, J S Duffield, U Böer, S David, W Ziegler, A Haverich, O E Teebken, M Wilhelmi
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is a hallmark of cardiovascular disease. Shear stress on endothelial cells has been linked to atherogenesis and to fibrous cap thinning and rupture. Pericytes reside in the sub-endothelial space of vessels and have vasoprotective effects. They are subjected to shear stress when endothelial cell integrity is disrupted. The aim was to investigate the susceptibility and response of pericytes to shear stress. METHODS: Endothelial cells and pericytes were seeded in two dimensional monocultures and co-cultures, and in a novel three dimensional co-culture system and were subjected to no, low and high shear stress (0, 10, 30 dyne/cm(2)) for 48 h...
October 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797713/image-processing-methods-for-the-structural-detection-and-gradation-of-placental-villi
#11
Zaneta Swiderska-Chadaj, Tomasz Markiewicz, Robert Koktysz, Szczepan Cierniak
The context-based examination of stained tissue specimens is one of the most important procedures in histopathological practice. The development of image processing methods allows for the automation of this process. We propose a method of automatic segmentation of placental structures and assessment of edema present in placental structures from a spontaneous miscarriage. The presented method is based on texture analysis, mathematical morphology, and region growing operations that are applicable to the heterogeneous microscopic images representing histological slides of the placenta...
August 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795785/micro-computed-tomographic-analysis-of-the-radial-geometry-of-intrarenal-artery-vein-pairs-in-rats-and-rabbits-comparison-with-light-microscopy
#12
Jennifer P Ngo, Bianca Le, Zohaib Khan, Michelle M Kett, Bruce S Gardiner, David W Smith, Mayer M Melhem, Anton Maksimenko, James T Pearson, Roger G Evans
We assessed the utility of synchrotron-radiation micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) for quantification of the radial geometry of the renal cortical vasculature. The kidneys of nine rats and six rabbits were perfusion fixed and the renal circulation filled with Microfil(®) . In order to assess shrinkage of Microfil(®) , rat kidneys were imaged at the Australian Synchrotron immediately upon tissue preparation and then post fixed in paraformaldehyde and reimaged 24 hours later. The Microfil(®) shrank only 2-5% over the 24 hour period...
August 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791995/-morphological-and-immunohistochemical-features-of-severe-gastric-dysplasia-and-early-gastric-cancer
#13
L M Mikhaleva, A E Biryukov
AIM: to investigate the morphological and immunohistochemical features of severe gastric dysplasia (SGD) and early gastric cancer (EGC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The fragments of gastric tumor tissue with adjacent mucosal portions from 50 patients aged from 34 to 79 years (mean age 63.8 years), which had been removed during organ-sparing endoscopic surgery, were histologically, histochemical, and immunohistochemically (IHC) examined. RESULTS: In EGC, there was a preponderance of intestinal-type cancer; the adjacent mucosal areas showed foci of SGD and colonic metaplasia in 100%...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770484/high-resolution-mr-lymphangiography-for-planning-lymphaticovenous-anastomosis-treatment-a-single-centre-experience
#14
Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Francesco Gentili, Francesco Giuseppe Mazzei, Paolo Gennaro, Duccio Guerrieri, Andrea Nigri, Guido Gabriele, Elisabetta Weber, Alfonso Fausto, Giuseppe Botta, Luca Volterrani
PURPOSE: This article illustrates the feasibility of MR lymphangiography (MRL) for imaging lymphatic vessels in patients with lymphedema, its accuracy in distinguishing lymphatic vessels from veins, and its utility for planning Lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 30 patients (24 women, range 18-70, 17 cases of lower limb lymphedema, 6 cases of primary lymphedema). All the patients underwent MRL, using a 1...
August 2, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756496/cryopreservation-of-human-ovarian-tissue-using-the-silver-closed-vitrification-system
#15
Zhun Xiao, Yaoyao Zhang, Wei Fan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using a hand-made silver container for the cryopreservation of human ovarian cortex. METHODS: Human ovarian cortex tissues were vitrified using an open vitrification system (OVS) of needle immersed vitrification (NIV) and two closed vitrification systems (CVS) of a plastic vial (plastic CVS) and a silver container (silver CVS). Outcomes of vitrification were evaluated morphologically and histologically by in vitro culture and xenotransplantation...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704481/renal-auto-transplantation-promotes-cortical-microvascular-network-remodeling-in-a-preclinical-porcine-model
#16
Souleymane Maïga, Geraldine Allain, Thierry Hauet, Jerome Roumy, Edouard Baulier, Michel Scepi, Manuel Dierick, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Patrick Hannaert, Franck Guy, Frederic Favreau
The vascular network is a major target of ischemia-reperfusion, but has been poorly investigated in renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to characterize the remodeling of the renal vascular network that follows ischemia-reperfusion along with the most highly affected cortex section in a preclinical renal transplantation model. There were two experimental groups. The first was a grafted kidney group consisting of large white pigs for which the left kidney was harvested, cold flushed, preserved for 24 h in the University of Wisconsin's preservation solution, and then auto-transplanted (n = 5); the right kidney was removed to mimic the situation of human kidney transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678959/evaluation-of-ovarian-structures-using-computerized-microtomography
#17
Fernanda Paulini, Sacha B Chaves, José Luiz J P Rôlo, Ricardo B DE Azevedo, Carolina M Lucci
Visualization and clear understanding of the ovarian structures are important in determining the stage of oestrus, helping to diagnose several pathologies and supporting advances in reproductive technologies. In this research, computerized microtomography (microCT) was used to explore and characterize the ovarian structure of seven mammalian species. Ovaries of rats, female dog, queens, cows, mares, sows and a female donkey were used. After microCT scanning, the same samples were prepared for histologic evaluation, used here as a validation criterion...
June 29, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664484/the-role-of-three-dimensional-power-doppler-hysterosonography-3-dpds-in-distinguishing-atypical-polypoid-adenomyomas-apas-from-other-intrauterine-tumors-correlation-with-pathologic-findings
#18
Kalmantis Konstantinos, Daskalakis Georgios, Semertzidou Anysia, Rodolakis Alexandros
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the sonographic characteristics of atypical polypoid adenomyomas (APAs) of the uterus and to determine the value of three-dimensional power Doppler hysterosonography (3-DPDS) in distinguishing APA from other polypoid uterine tumors. METHODS: Ninety-five women with a mean age of 37 years (range 28-45) with a suspicious polypoid uterine tumor were referred for preoperative evaluation with 3-DPDS. Sonographic criteria used for the diagnosis of APA were based on a system that consisted of morphological characteristics, histological evaluation and power Doppler imaging...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654057/murine-aortic-crush-injury-an-efficient-in-vivo-model-of-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-endothelial-function
#19
Dan Yu, George Makkar, Rajabrata Sarkar, Dudley K Strickland, Thomas S Monahan
Arterial reconstruction, whether angioplasty or bypass surgery, involves iatrogenic trauma causing endothelial disruption and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. Common murine models study small vessels such as the carotid and femoral arteries. Herein we describe an in vivo system in which both VSMC proliferation and endothelial barrier function can be simultaneously assessed in a large vessel. We studied the infrarenal aortic response to injury in C57BL/6 mice. The aorta was injured from the left renal vein to the aortic bifurcation by 30 transmural crushes of 5-seconds duration with a cotton-tipped applicator...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646909/the-morphological-regeneration-and-functional-restoration-of-bladder-defects-by-a-novel-scaffold-and-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-a-rat-augmentation-model
#20
Qiong Wang, Dong-Dong Xiao, Hao Yan, Yang Zhao, Shi Fu, Juan Zhou, Zhong Wang, Zhe Zhou, Ming Zhang, Mu-Jun Lu
BACKGROUND: Due to the multilineage differentiation ability and paracrine role of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for bladder defect repair, various scaffolds have been applied in combination with ASCs to promote bladder regeneration and restore bladder function. However, the low survival rate of ASCs and the difficulty of promoting bladder functional recovery are still unsolved. To explore these problems, we investigated the feasibility of a novel scaffold seeded with ASCs in a rat model of bladder augmentation...
June 24, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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