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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631905/-rationale-of-pharmacotherapy-duration-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-clinical-morphological-study
#1
M E Sitdykova, D E Tsyplakov, E N Sitdykov, A R Nurtdinov
AIM: To investigate the nature of morphological alterations in the urinary bladder wall in BPH patients receiving pharmacotherapy to establish treatment time limits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 120 BPH patients who underwent a transvesical adenomectomy. Prior to the surgery, 110 patients received pharmacotherapy (-blockers and 5-reductase inhibitors) lasting from 1-6 months to 5-10 years. Preoperative evaluation included a standard diagnostic algorithm...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593886/correlation-between-microvessel-density-and-morphological-features-in-skin-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Lena Kakasheva-Mazhenkovska, Neli Basheska, Simonida Crvenkova, Petrushevska Gordana, Liljana Milenkova, Vesna Janevska, Vladimir Serafimoski
INTRODUCTION: Abnormal angiogenesis is described in tumor growth and it facilitates its metastatic spread. Tumors with high angiogenic activity belong to the category of aggressive tumors with poor prognosis for patients. The aim of this study was to determine the blood vessels density (BVD), i.e. neovascularization at the tumor invasive front in skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in order to determine its possible role in the tumor progression, and to correlate it to the blood vessels density of healthy skin and with the prognostic parameters of the TNM classification: T status, depth of tumor invasion (DI) and tumor histological grade (G), which were also correlated between each other...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575130/long-term-consequences-of-developmental-vascular-defects-on-retinal-vessel-homeostasis-and-function-in-a-mouse-model-of-norrie-disease
#3
Susanne C Beck, Yuxi Feng, Vithiyanjali Sothilingam, Marina Garcia Garrido, Naoyuki Tanimoto, Niyazi Acar, Shenliang Shan, Britta Seebauer, Wolfgang Berger, Hans-Peter Hammes, Mathias W Seeliger
Loss of Norrin signalling due to mutations in the Norrie disease pseudoglioma gene causes severe vascular defects in the retina, leading to visual impairment and ultimately blindness. While the emphasis of experimental work so far was on the developmental period, we focus here on disease mechanisms that induce progression into severe adult disease. The goal of this study was the comprehensive analysis of the long-term effects of the absence of Norrin on vascular homeostasis and retinal function. In a mouse model of Norrie disease retinal vascular morphology and integrity were studied by means of in vivo angiography; the vascular constituents were assessed in detailed histological analyses using quantitative retinal morphometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573546/skoulekia-erythrini-n-sp-digenea-aporocotylidae-a-parasite-of-pagellus-erythrinus-l-perciformes-sparidae-from-the-western-mediterranean-with-an-amendment-of-the-generic-diagnosis
#4
José F Palacios-Abella, Simona Georgieva, Salvatore Mele, Juan Antonio Raga, Wolf Isbert, Aneta Kostadinova, Francisco E Montero
A new aporocotylid, Skoulekia erythrini n. sp., is described from the heart, cephalic kidney and gill blood vessels of the common pandora Pagellus erythrinus (L.) collected from several localities of the western Mediterranean off Spain. The new species differs from the type- and only species of the genus, S. meningialis Alama-Bermejo, Montero, Raga & Holzer, 2011 in possessing a symmetrical body (vs laterally curved), short tegumental spines (3-4 vs 7-10 µm) without hooked ends, diffuse (vs conspicuous) oesophageal gland-cells, a relatively longer oesophagus, a testis that is shorter in relation to body length and a much smaller seminal vesicle (17-34 × 10-26 vs 33-101 × 27-97 μm)...
June 1, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570508/en-face-preparation-of-mouse-blood-vessels
#5
Kyung Ae Ko, Keigi Fujiwara, Sunil Krishnan, Jun-Ichi Abe
Sections of paraffin embedded tissues are routinely used for studying tissue histology and histopathology. However, it is difficult to determine what the three-dimensional tissue morphology is from such sections. In addition, the sections of tissues examined may not contain the region within the tissue that is necessary for the purpose of the ongoing study. This latter limitation hinders histopathological studies of blood vessels since vascular lesions develop in a focalized manner. This requires a method that enables us to survey a wide area of the blood vessel wall, from its surface to deeper regions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556893/a-component-by-component-characterisation-of-high-risk-atherosclerotic-plaques-by-multiphoton-microscopic-imaging
#6
M Jain, B Wu, D Pisapia, S Salvatore, S Mukherjee, N Narula
AIMS: Atherosclerotic plaques vulnerable to rupture are almost always inflamed, and carry a large lipid core covered by a thin fibrous cap. The other components may include neovascularisation, intraplaque haemorrhage and spotty calcification. In contrast, stable plaques are characterised by a predominance of smooth muscle cells and collagen, and lipid core is usually deep seated or absent. This study is a proof of principle experiment to evaluate the feasibility of multiphoton microscopy (MPM) to identify aforementioned plaque components...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525341/morphological-analysis-of-testicles-in-cats-with-disorders-of-sex-development
#7
S Dzimira, W Nizanski, J A Madej
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are rare in cats. They can be caused by chromosomal aberrations, gene mutations or other undefined factors. The aim of the present study was to compare the histological structure and immunohistochemical reactivity of testes in cats with DSD and in healthy cats. The research material consisted of the gonads of four cats - phenotypic males with an incorrect structure of the reproductive system. The control group consisted of the testes of four healthy cats - routinely castrated phenotypical males...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512673/hepatozoon-caimani-carini-1909-adeleina-hepatozoidae-in-wild-population-of-caiman-yacare-daudin-1801-crocodylia-alligatoridae-pantanal-brazil
#8
Priscilla Soares, Tarcilla Corrente Borghesan, Luiz Eduardo Rolland Tavares, Vanda Lúcia Ferreira, Marta Maria Geraldes Teixeira, Fernando Paiva
Previous studies showed infections of Hepatozoon caimani in wild populations of caimans in wide regions from Brazil; some of those demonstrated that trophic chain are linked to natural infections through paratenic hosts or by the direct ingestion of vectors. These studies life cycle of H. caimani contributed inestimably to the knowledge of transmission routes, yet but lack enhancement tools for better detail of parasite. This study reports the forms in the blood and tissues, and also partial molecular characterization of the H...
July 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482562/bimodal-morphological-analyses-of-native-and-engineered-tissues
#9
Sasan Jalili-Firoozinezhad, Ivan Martin, Arnaud Scherberich
Assessing the morphological features of native and engineered tissues is pivotal to evaluate their degree of development and to identify possible structure-function relationships. Conventional histological or immunohistochemical imaging of stained sections provides limited information about their architecture. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) yields sub-micrometric resolution images of tissues, but typically cannot be associated with the morphological structures identified by histology. The aim of this study was to establish a technique based on SEM analysis of sections of paraffin-embedded tissues prepared for histological processing (Histo-SEM) for the assessment of morpho-architectural properties of native and engineered tissues...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469969/vessel-morphometric-parameters-correlation-with-histologic-grade-and-vegf-expression-in-oligodendroglioma
#10
Leah B Strickland-Marmol, Steven Brem, Amyn M Rojiani, Mumtaz V Rojiani
The contributions of histologic features including microvascular proliferation to the determination of malignancy in oligodendrogliomas remain uncertain. We have retrospectively performed morphometric assessments in 20 tumors histologically classified as well-differentiated (WHO Grade II, n=8) or anaplastic (WHO Grade III, n=12) oligodendrogliomas (WDO or AO). Quantitative studies utilized image analysis of double immunolabeled vasculature with anti CD34 with VIP chromogen (purple) and proliferating nuclei with anti MIB-1, using DAB (brown)...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461089/vascular-lesions-of-the-female-genital-tract-clinicopathologic-findings-and-application-of-the-issva-classification
#11
Georgia Karpathiou, Celine Chauleur, Vanessa Da Cruz, Fabien Forest, Michel Peoc'h
INTRODUCTION: Vascular lesions of the female genital tract are extremely rare and their nomenclature does not widely follow the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification. AIM OF THE STUDY: To describe the clinicopathologic characteristics of vascular lesions of the female genital tract and to apply the ISSVA classification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 19 vascular lesions were diagnosed during a 20 year period...
April 23, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427136/-effects-and-related-mechanism-of-bivalirudin-on-the-survival-of-random-skin-flap-on-the-back-of-rat
#12
L Y Cai, T Wang, D S Lin, D Lu
Objective: To investigate the effects and related mechanism of bivalirudin on the survival of random skin flap on the back of rat. Methods: Thirty SD rats were divided into bivalirudin group and normal saline group according to the random number table, with 15 rats in each group. The random flap model with size of 9 cm×3 cm was reproduced on the back of rats in two groups. Immediately post injury, rats in bivalirudin group were intraperitoneally injected with 5 mg/mL bivalirudin (0.8 mL/kg), while rats in normal saline group were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline (0...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427063/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-diabetic-maculopathy
#13
Gabriel Coscas, Marco Lupidi, Florence Coscas
Fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography have provided information about the normal retinal and choroidal anatomy, nearly comparable to histological findings. These tests have been fundamental in the evaluation of all retinal and choroidal vascular diseases and have allowed clinicians to define and diagnose several pathological conditions. FA became the "gold standard" in retinal imaging due to the capacity to visualize the retinal capillary bed and its changes, both in the macular area and in the periphery...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415157/a-small-case-series-of-intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-unexpected-findings-subset-of-cases-with-concomitant-extravascular-central-nervous-system-cns-involvement-mimicking-primary-cns-lymphoma
#14
Kate Poropatich, Dave Dittmann, Yi-Hua Chen, Kirtee Raparia, Kristy Wolniak, Juehua Gao
BACKGROUND: Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare type of extranodal lymphoma with growth mainly in the lumina of vessels. We studied a small series of IVLBCL and focused on its central nervous system (CNS) involvement. METHODS: Searching the medical records of Northwestern Memorial Hospital, we identified five cases of IVLBCL from January 2007 to January 2015. Clinical information, hematoxylin and eosin stained histologic slides and immunohistochemistry studies were reviewed for all cases...
May 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413654/hepatic-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-neoplasm-a-clinical-and-pathological-experience-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
Wenying Chen, Yeqing Liu, Yanyan Zhuang, Juanfei Peng, Fengting Huang, Shineng Zhang
Hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm (PEComa) is a rare type of neoplasm derived from mesenchymal tumors that is often misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), hepatic hemangioma or other liver malignancies. The clinical and histological characteristics of PEComa have yet to be fully documented. To optimize the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, a retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of 7 patients diagnosed with hepatic PEComa in the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital between January 2004 and December 2015...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401265/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging-in-osteoid-osteoma-relationships-with-clinical-and-ct-characteristics
#16
P Pottecher, E Sibileau, S Aho, B Hamze, C Parlier, J D Laredo, V Bousson
OBJECTIVE: To correlate dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) features to clinical and computed tomography (CT) morphological features of osteoid osteoma (OO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study, waiving the need for informed consent. We included the 102 patients treated with interstitial laser ablation for histologically documented OO at our institution in 2008-2013. DCE-MRI variables were the time-enhancement pattern and rising slope (Sloperise) and CT variables were the bone and segment involved (OObone and OOsegment, respectively), OO location relative to the native cortex (OOcortex), nidus surface area, vessel sign, and largest neighboring-vessel diameter (Dmaxvessel)...
July 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366306/the-largpad-trial-phase-iia-evaluation-of-l-arginine-infusion-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#17
Vikram S Kashyap, Ryan O Lakin, Patricia Campos, Matthew Allemang, Ann Kim, Timur P Sarac, Alfred Hausladen, Jonathan S Stamler
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial function is improved by l-arginine (l-arg) supplementation in preclinical and clinical studies of mildly diseased vasculature; however, endothelial function and responsiveness to l-arg in severely diseased arteries is not known. Our objective was to evaluate the acute effects of catheter-directed l-arg delivery in patients with chronic lower extremity ischemia secondary to peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: The study enrolled 22 patients (45% male) with peripheral arterial disease (mean age, 62 years) requiring lower extremity angiography...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364001/morphoproteomic-characterization-of-lung-squamous-cell-carcinoma-fragmentation-a-histological-marker-of-increased-tumor-invasiveness
#18
Ruben Casanova, Daniel Xia, Undīne Rulle, Paolo Nanni, Jonas Grossmann, Bart Vrugt, Reto Wettstein, Rafael Ballester, Alberto Astolfo, Walter Weder, Holger Moch, Marco Stampanoni, Andrew H Beck, Alex Soltermann
Accurate stratification of tumors is imperative for adequate cancer management. In addition to staging, morphological subtyping allows stratification of patients into additional prognostic groups. In this study, we used an image-based computational method on pan-cytokeratin immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings to quantify tumor fragmentation (TF), a measure of tumor invasiveness of lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). In two independent clinical cohorts from tissue microarrays (TMA: n=208 patients) and whole sections (WS: n=99 patients), TF was associated with poor prognosis and increased risk of blood vessel infiltration...
March 31, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360409/vascularization-potential-of-electrospun-poly-l-lactide-co-caprolactone-scaffold-the-impact-for-tissue-engineering
#19
Arkadiusz Jundziłł, Marta Pokrywczyńska, Jan Adamowicz, Tomasz Kowalczyk, Maciej Nowacki, Magdalena Bodnar, Andrzej Marszałek, Małgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Grzegorz Mikułowski, Tomasz Kloskowski, James Gatherwright, Tomasz Drewa
BACKGROUND Electrospun nanofibers have widespread putative applications in the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. When compared to naturally occurring collagen matrices, electrospun nanofiber scaffolds have two distinct advantages: they do not induce a foreign body reaction and they are not at risk for biological contamination. However, the exact substrate, structure, and production methods have yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the current study, tubular-shaped poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) constructs produced using electrospinning technology were evaluated for their potential application in the field of tissue regeneration in two separate anatomic locations: the skin and the abdomen...
March 31, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344561/fetal-growth-restriction-induces-heterogeneous-effects-on-vascular-biomechanical-and-functional-properties-in-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#20
Daniel Cañas, Emilio A Herrera, Claudio García-Herrera, Diego Celentano, Bernardo J Krause
Aim: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with a variety of cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood which could involve remodeling processes of the vascular walls that could start in the fetal period. However, there is no consensus whether this remodeling affects in a similar way the whole vascular system. We aimed to determine the effects of FGR on the vasoactive and biomechanical properties of umbilical and systemic vessels in fetal guinea pigs. Methods: FGR was induced by implanting ameroid occluders at mid-gestation in uterine arteries of pregnant guinea pigs, whilst the control group was exposed to simulated surgery...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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