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Beclin-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334671/glucosamine-promotes-osteoblast-proliferation-by-modulating-autophagy-via-the-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-pathway
#1
Chen Lv, Lu Wang, Xiongbai Zhu, Wenjun Lin, Xin Chen, Zhengxiang Huang, Lintuo Huang, Shengwu Yang
Glucosamine is effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis; however, its effect on osteoporosis remains unclear. Decreased activity of osteoblasts is the main cause of osteoporosis. Here, we examined the effects of glucosamine on osteoblasts. The potential underlying mechanisms were explored. The results showed that glucosamine had a biphasic effect on the viability of hFOB1.19 osteoblasts. At low concentrations (<0.6 mM), glucosamine induced hFOB1.19 cell proliferation, whereas at high concentrations (>0...
January 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333604/adiponectin-inhibits-inflammatory-cytokines-production-by-beclin-1-phosphorylation-and-bcl-2-mrna-destabilization-role-for-autophagy-induction
#2
Nirmala Tilija Pun, Pil-Hoon Park
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adiponectin potently suppresses inflammatory mediator production. Autophagy is known to play a critical role in modulating inflammatory responses by adiponectin. However, the underlying mechanisms are not clearly understood. Interaction between Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 is a critical event in autophagy induction. We examined the effects of globular adiponectin (gAcrp) on the Beclin-1/Bcl-2 association and its underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effect of gAcrp on the interaction between Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 was examined by immunoprecipitation followed by Western blotting...
January 14, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331511/maresin-1-regulates-autophagy-and-inflammation-in-human-periodontal-ligament-cells-through-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-under-inflammatory-conditions
#3
Li Du, Yucheng Li, Weifeng Liu
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating lines of evidence suggest that maresin 1 (MaR-1) exerts anti-inflammatory effects in many cell types and plays beneficial roles in inflammatory disease, such as peritonitis and colitis. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that MaR-1 play protective roles against localized aggressive periodontitis. However, the function and mechanism of MaR-1 in human periodontal ligament cells (PDL) cells from periodontitis are poorly understood. The present study aimed to clarify the effects and molecular mechanism of MaR-1 in PDL cell survival and inflammation...
December 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328494/pterostilbene-inhibits-reactive-oxygen-species-production-and-apoptosis-in-primary-spinal-cord-neurons-by-activating-autophagy-via-the-mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-pathway
#4
Jing-Lan He, Xiao-Hui Dong, Zong-Hu Li, Xiao-Ying Wang, Zhi-An Fu, Na Shen
Autophagy is an important self-adaptive mechanism that is involved in inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) in spinal cord neurons. Pterostilbene, a natural plant extract, has been demonstrated to possess antioxidant effects; however, it has not yet been investigated whether pterostilbene could activate autophagy and protect spinal cord neurons from oxidative stress. In the present study, primary spinal cord neurons of Sprague Dawley rats were cultured. Cell counting kit‑8 analysis was used to detect cytotoxicity of pterostilbene...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328447/high-mobility-group-protein%C3%A2-b1-silencing-promotes-susceptibility-of-retinoblastoma-cells-to-chemotherapeutic-drugs-through-downregulating-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#5
Yong Chai, Juhua Xiao, Shouhua Zhang, Yunyan Du, Zhipeng Luo, Xin Zhou, Kai Huang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) silencing on the susceptibility of retinoblastoma (RB) cells to chemotherapeutic drugs and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Western blot analysis revealed that vincristine (VCR), etoposide (ETO) and carboplatin (CBP) significantly increased the expression of HMGB1 in Weri‑Rb-1 and Y79 cells compared with the untreated control (P<0.01). siRNA HMGB1 and siRNA negative control (NC) were transfected to Y79 cells by Lipofectamine™ 2000 and, following VCR treatment, the expression of HMGB1 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) was analyzed...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325369/-cd137-signaling-promotes-the-formation-of-plaque-calcification-via-inhibiting-the-fusion-of-autophagy-and-lysosomal-in-apo-e-mice
#6
X Y Li, R Chen, W Zhong, B Li, C Shao, Z Q Wang, J C Yan
Objective: To investigate whether CD137 signaling promoted the formation of atherosclerotic plaque calcification by inhibiting the fusion of autophagosome and lysosome. Methods: (1) In vivo, CD137 agonist antibody and anti-CD137 antibody were used to stimulate and inhibit the CD137 signaling, respectively. Fifteen Apo E(-/-) mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group (intraperitoneal injection of IgG2b 200 µg) , CD137 agonist group (intraperitoneal injection of CD137 agonist antibody 200 µg) , anti-CD137 group (pretreatment with 200 µg anti-CD137 antibody for 24 hours, then injection of CD137 agonist antibody) ...
December 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323257/dengue-virus-induced-er-stress-is-required-for-autophagy-activation-viral-replication-and-pathogenesis-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#7
Ying-Ray Lee, Szu-Han Kuo, Ching-Yen Lin, Po-Jung Fu, Yee-Shin Lin, Trai-Ming Yeh, Hsiao-Sheng Liu
Dengue virus (DENV) utilizes the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for replication and assembling. Accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER lumen leads to ER stress and unfolded protein response (UPR). Three branches of UPRs temporally modulated DENV infection. Moreover, ER stress can also induce autophagy. DENV infection induces autophagy which plays a promotive role in viral replication has been reported. However, the role of ER stress in DENV-induced autophagy, viral titer, and pathogenesis remain unclear. Here, we reveal that ER stress and its downstream UPRs are indispensable for DENV-induced autophagy in various human cells...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321496/genistein-promotes-ionizing-radiation-induced-cell-death-by-reducing-cytoplasmic-bcl-xl-levels-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Zhimin Zhang, Feng Jin, Xiaojuan Lian, Mengxia Li, Ge Wang, Baohua Lan, Hao He, Guo-Dong Liu, Yan Wu, Guiyin Sun, Cheng-Xiong Xu, Zhen-Zhou Yang
Genistein (GEN) has been previously reported to enhance the radiosensitivity of cancer cells; however, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we report that GEN treatment inhibits the cytoplasmic distribution of Bcl-xL and increases nuclear Bcl-xL in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Interestingly, our in vitro data show that ionizing radiation IR treatment significantly increases IR-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in a low cytoplasmic Bcl-xL NSCLC cell line compared to that of high cytoplasmic Bcl-xL cell lines...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318850/-effect-of-moxibustion-preconditioning-with-seed-sized-moxa-cones-on-myocardial-infarction-size-and-beclin-1-expression-in-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-rats
#9
Hua Bai, Sheng-Feng Lu, Wan-Ying Chen, Ze-Hao Zhong, Yi-Huang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion (Moxi) preconditioning with seed-sized moxa cones on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI) at different stages, and to analyze the correlation between this effect and the expression of autophagy related protein Beclin 1. METHODS: This study contains two parts: 1) changes of myocardial pathological injury and percentages of myocardial infarcted area at different time-points after modeling and Moxi intervention, and 2) effect of Moxi on contents of serum cardiac troponin T(cTnT) and expression of myocardial Bcl-2, Bax and Beclin 1 proteins...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316373/tanshinone-iia-induces-cell-death-via-beclin-1-dependent-autophagy-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-scc-9-cell-line
#10
Ye Qiu, Conghua Li, Qinhua Wang, Xingqi Zeng, Ping Ji
Tanshinone IIA (TAN) is one of the major functional compounds of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and possesses the ability to suppress the growth of multiple cancer cell types via its apoptosis- and autophagy-inducing functions. In this study, the effect of TAN therapy on the survival of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was evaluated, and the underlying mechanism involved in the treatment was investigated. Human oral squamous cell carcinoma cell SCC-9 was used for in vitro assays and induction in an OSCC xenograft mouse model...
January 6, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314656/mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-inhibition-attenuates-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-hypertrophic-heart
#11
Lei-Lei Ma, Xin Ma, Fei-Juan Kong, Jun-Jie Guo, Hong-Tao Shi, Jian-Bing Zhu, Yun-Zeng Zou, Jun-Bo Ge
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy aggravated myocardial infarction and is causally related to autophagy dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Rapamycin is an inhibitor of serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) involved in the regulation of autophagy as well as oxidative/nitrative stress. Here, we demonstrated that rapamycin ameliorates myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury by rescuing the defective cytoprotective mechanisms in hypertrophic heart. Our results showed that chronic rapamycin treatment markedly reduced the phosphorylated mTOR and ribosomal protein S6 expression, but not Akt in both normal and aortic-banded mice...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313410/ulk1-phosphorylates-ser30-of-becn1-in-association-with-atg14-to-stimulate-autophagy-induction
#12
Ji-Man Park, Minchul Seo, Chang Hwa Jung, Douglas Grunwald, Matthew Stone, Neil Michael Otto, Erik Toso, Yeseul Ahn, Michael Kyba, Timothy J Griffin, LeeAnn Higgins, Do-Hyung Kim
ULK1 (unc51-like autophagy activating kinase 1) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays a key role in regulating macroautophagy/autophagy induction in response to amino acid starvation. Despite the recent progress in understanding ULK1 functions, the molecular mechanism by which ULK1 regulates the induction of autophagy remains elusive. In this study, we determined that ULK1 phosphorylates Ser30 of BECN1 (beclin 1) in association with ATG14 (autophagy related 14) but not with UVRAG (UV radiation resistance associated)...
January 9, 2018: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311680/inhibition-of-insulin-resistance-by-pge1-via-autophagy-dependent-fgf21-pathway-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#13
Wei Wei, Xing-Rong An, Shi-Jie Jin, Xiao-Xue Li, Ming Xu
Insulin resistance is a critical process in the initiation and progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Alprostadil (Prostaglandin E1, PGE1) had protective effects on renal function. However, it is unknown whether PGE1 inhibited insulin resistance in renal tubule epithelial cells via autophagy, which plays a protective role in DN against insulin resistance. Insulin resistance was induced by palmitic acid (PA) in human HK-2 cells, shown as the decrease of insulin-stimulated AKT phosphorylation, glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4), glucose uptake and enhanced phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1(IRS-1) at site serine 307 (pIRS-1ser307) and downregulated expression of IRS-1...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306235/expression-profiles-of-cd11b-galectin-1-beclin-1-and-caspase-3-in-nasal-polyposis
#14
Alper Dilci, Nuray Varol, İlker Kılıçcıoğlu, Ece Konac, Utku Aydil, Yusuf Kızıl, Sabri Uslu
Background/aim: Nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the paranasal sinuses and nasal mucosae. It is thought that genetic and molecular mechanisms in inflammatory and apoptotic pathways are the main factors in the etiopathogenesis of nasal polyposis. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression patterns of CD11b, galectin-1, beclin-1, and caspase-3 in nasal polyps.Materials and methods: The mRNA expression levels of CD11b, galectin-1, beclin-1, and caspase-3 protein and western blot analysis of caspase-3 protein were evaluated in inferior turbinate mucosae and nasal polyp tissues...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306208/alpha-2-dihydroxy-4-4-dimethoxydihydrochalcone-inhibits-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-in-gastric-cancer-in-part-via-autophagy
#15
Boshun Wan, Junqiu Zhu, Qing Chang, Haihua Zhou, Zhan Shi, Li Min, YueJiao Cai, Honggeng Guan
Gastric cancer is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone is a type of limonoid mainly isolated from Cedrela odorata (Meliaceae) that has been shown to suppress cell proliferation in several human carcinoma cell lines. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer ability of alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone and its underlying mechanism in MKN45 cells. Alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone induced excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation...
January 2, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305122/liraglutide-ameliorates-cognitive-decline-by-promoting-autophagy-via-the-amp-activated-protein-kinase-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-pathway-in-a-streptozotocin-induced-mouse-model-of-diabetes
#16
Fei-Juan Kong, Jia-Hua Wu, Shui-Ya Sun, Lei-Lei Ma, Jia-Qiang Zhou
Diabetic cognitive dysfunction has gained widespread attention for its deleterious impact on individuals with diabetes. However, few clinical interventions are available to prevent the disorder. The glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide exerts neuroprotective effects in several models of neurodegenerative diseases. We investigated the effect of liraglutide pretreatment on diabetes-induced cognitive decline and explored the underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. Liraglutide pretreatment prevented diabetes-induced cognitive impairment as assessed by the Morris Water Maze test, and alleviated neuronal injuries and ultrastructural damage to synapses in the hippocampal CA1 region...
January 2, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304491/influences-of-different-dietary-energy-level-on-sheep-testicular-development-associated-with-ampk-ulk1-autophagy-pathway
#17
Jing Pang, Fengzhe Li, Xu Feng, Hua Yang, Le Han, Yixuan Fan, Haitao Nie, Zhen Wang, Feng Wang, Yanli Zhang
Energy balance is an important feature for spermatozoa production in the testis. The 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a sensor of cell energy, has been implicated as a mediator between gonadal function and energy balance. Herein, we intended to determine the physiological effects of AMPK on testicular development in feed energy restricted and compensated pre-pubertal rams. Lambs had restricted feeding for 2 months and then provided compensatory feeding for another 3 months. Feed levels were 100%(control), 15% and 30% of energy restriction (ER) diets, respectively...
December 14, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300316/allyl-isothiocyanate-exhibits-no-anticancer-activity-in-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells
#18
Md Abu Sayeed, Massimo Bracci, Veronica Ciarapica, Marco Malavolta, Mauro Provinciali, Ernesta Pieragostini, Simona Gaetani, Federica Monaco, Guendalina Lucarini, Venerando Rapisarda, Roberto Di Primio, Lory Santarelli
It was reported recently that allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) could inhibit various types of cancer cell growth. In the present study, we further investigated whether AITC could inhibit the growth of human breast cancer cells. Unexpectedly, we found that AITC did not inhibit, rather slightly promoted, the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, although it did have inhibitory effect on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Cytofluorimetric analysis revealed that AITC (10 µM) did not induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in MDA-MB-231 cells...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299195/squid-ink-polysaccharide-prevents-autophagy-and-oxidative-stress-affected-by-cyclophosphamide-in-leydig-cells-of-mice-a-pilot-study
#19
Yi-Peng Gu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Zhen-Hua Duan, Jiang-Hua Shang, Ping Luo, Wei Xiao, Da-Yan Zhang, Hua-Zhong Liu
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of Squid ink polysaccharide (SIP) on prevention of autophagy and oxidative stress induced by cyclophosphamide (CP) in Leydig cells of mice. Materials and Methods: Examination of reproductive organ exponents, abnormal sperm rate, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), and histological structure were performed to detect the optimal dose of SIP against oxidative stress damage in vivo, and autophagy-associated protein LC3 and Beclin-1 were examined by immunofluorescence, and their expression was detected by Western blot analysis...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298734/ailanthone-promotes-human-vestibular-schwannoma-cells-apoptosis-and-autophagy-by-down-regulation-of-mir-21
#20
Peizhen Yang, Dechong Sun, Fei Jiang
Ailanthone (AIL) is a quassinoid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Ailanthus altissima. The anti-tumor activities of AIL have been reported in several cancers. The purpose of the present study was to explore the effect of AIL on vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Various concentration of AIL (0~1 μM) was used to treat human primary VS cells, and then cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy were assessed, respectively. Expression of miR-21 in VS cells was altered by miRNA transfection...
January 3, 2018: Oncology Research
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