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azoxymethane

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725670/fatty-acid-and-lipidomic-data-in-normal-and-tumor-colon-tissues-of-rats-fed-diets-with-and-without-fish-oil
#1
Zora Djuric, Muhammad Nadeem Aslam, Becky R Simon, Ananda Sen, Yan Jiang, Jianwei Ren, Rena Chan, Tanu Soni, Thekkelnaycke M Rajendiran, William L Smith, Dean E Brenner
Data is provided to show the detailed fatty acid and lipidomic composition of normal and tumor rat colon tissues. Rats were fed either a Western fat diet or a fish oil diet, and half the rats from each diet group were treated with chemical carcinogens that induce colon cancer (azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulfate). The data show total fatty acid profiles of sera and of all the colon tissues, namely normal tissue from control rats and both normal and tumor tissues from carcinogen-treated rats, as obtained by gas chromatography with mass spectral detection...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725183/bile-acid-mediated-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-2-signaling-promotes-neuroinflammation-during-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-mice
#2
Matthew McMillin, Gabriel Frampton, Stephanie Grant, Shamyal Khan, Juan Diocares, Anca Petrescu, Amy Wyatt, Jessica Kain, Brandi Jefferson, Sharon DeMorrow
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication that occurs due to deteriorating hepatic function and this syndrome influences patient quality of life, clinical management strategies and survival. During acute liver failure, circulating bile acids increase due to a disruption of the enterohepatic circulation. We previously identified that bile acid-mediated signaling occurs in the brain during HE and contributes to cognitive impairment. However, the influences of bile acids and their downstream signaling pathways on HE-induced neuroinflammation have not been assessed...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718722/anticarcinogenic-effects-of-dried-citrus-peel-in-colon-carcinogenesis-due-to-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress
#3
Wakana Onuma, Daichi Asai, Susumu Tomono, Shingo Miyamoto, Gen Fujii, Takahiro Hamoya, Aya Nagano, Satoru Takahashi, Shoji Masumori, Noriyuki Miyoshi, Keiji Wakabayashi, Michihiro Mutoh
Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Reactive oxygen species produce oxidative stress and contribute to colorectal carcinogenesis. Because dietary citrus has been shown to reduce oxidative stress, we investigated the effects of citrus peel extract at dilutions of 1/200-1/500 on the activity of oxidative-stress-related transcription factors, including AP-1, NF-κB, NRF2, p53, and STAT3, in human colon cancer cell line HCT116 cells using a luciferase reporter gene assay. NRF2 transcriptional activities were 1...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711947/repression-of-intestinal-transporters-and-fxr-fgf15-signaling-explains-bile-acids-dysregulation-in-experimental-colitis-associated-colon-cancer
#4
Lijuan Cao, Yuan Che, Tuo Meng, Shanshan Deng, Jun Zhang, Min Zhao, Wanfeng Xu, Dandan Wang, Zhichen Pu, Guangji Wang, Haiping Hao
Bile acids (BAs) are important endogenous signaling molecules that play vital roles in the pathological development of various diseases including colitis-associated cancer (CAC). BAs were previously found dysregulated under conditions of CAC; however, the exact patterns and underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely elusive. Based on the development of a method for comprehensive analysis of BAs, this study aims to elucidate the dysregulation patterns and involved mechanisms in a typical CAC model induced by azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702433/korean-solar-salt-ameliorates-colon-carcinogenesis-in-an-aom-dss-induced-c57bl-6-mouse-model
#5
Jaehyun Ju, Yeung-Ju Kim, Eui Seong Park, Kun-Young Park
The effects of Korean solar salt on an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colon cancer C57BL/6 mouse model were studied. Korean solar salt samples (SS-S, solar salt from S salt field; SS-Yb, solar salt from Yb salt field), nine-time-baked bamboo salt (BS-9x, made from SS-Yb), purified salt (PS), and SS-G (solar salt from Guérande, France) were orally administered at a concentration of 1% during AOM/DSS colon cancer induction, and compared for their protective effects during colon carcinogenesis in C57BL/6 mice...
June 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692412/plant-sterol-esters-in-extruded-food-model-inhibits-colon-carcinogenesis-by-suppressing-inflammation-and-stimulating-apoptosis
#6
Nur Fathonah Sadek, Nancy Dewi Yuliana, Endang Prangdimurti, Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto, Slamet Budijanto
Plant sterols in their free forms are known to inhibit colon cancer. Whether these activities persist when compounds are incorporated into processed food is not reported yet. This study aimed to test the ability of plant sterol esters (PSE) incorporated into a nonpuffed extruded food (NPE) model to inhibit colon carcinogenesis. PSE was added into NPE at four concentrations (0.0%, 0.7%, 1.4%, and 2.1%). PSE-NPE activity was tested in azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate-induced Balb/c mice. The groups given PSE-NPE did not show any colon tumor formation...
July 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659405/fish-oil-contaminated-with-persistent-organic-pollutants-induces-colonic-aberrant-crypt-foci-formation-and-reduces-antioxidant-enzyme-gene-expression-in-rats
#7
Mee Young Hong, Eunha Hoh, Brian Kang, Rebecca DeHamer, Jin Young Kim, Jan Lumibao
Background: Epidemiologic, clinical, and experimental studies have suggested that fish oil (FO), a rich source of n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, protects against colon cancer. However, this message is confounded by the FDA's warning that the consumption of certain types of fish should be restricted because of contamination with persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides.Objective: We examined FO contaminated with POPs (PCBs, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, and chlordane) compared with unmodified FO on the risk factors of colon cancer development...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657468/cooked-chickpea-consumption-inhibits-colon-carcinogenesis-in-mice-induced-with-azoxymethane-and-dextran-sulfate-sodium
#8
Xariss M Sánchez Chino, Cristian Jiménez Martínez, Verónica R Vásquez Garzón, Isela Álvarez González, Saúl Villa Treviño, Eduardo Madrigal Bujaidar, Gloria Dávila Ortiz, Rafael Baltiérrez Hoyos
SCOPE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of daily consumption of cooked chickpea (2% and 10%) in ICR male mice in which colon cancer was induced with azoxymethane and dextran sulfate sodium. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of consumption of 2% or 10% cooked chickpeas on carcinogenesis-induced colon azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in ICR mice was determined. Protein oxidation and lipids were determined by colorimetric methods and oxidation of DNA through the identification of adducts 8-hydroxy-2'-desoxiguanosine and proliferation markers (proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA], Ki-67, and β-catenin), and inflammation (cyclooxygenase [COX]-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase [iNOS]) were identified by immunohistochemistry reactions...
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650985/chronic-trichuris-muris-infection-causes-neoplastic-change-in-the-intestine-and-exacerbates-tumour-formation-in-apc-min-mice
#9
Kelly S Hayes, Laura J Cliffe, Alison J Bancroft, Simon P Forman, Seona Thompson, Cath Booth, Richard K Grencis
Incidences of infection-related cancers are on the rise in developing countries where the prevalence of intestinal nematode worm infections are also high. Trichuris muris (T. muris) is a murine gut-dwelling nematode that is the direct model for human T. trichiura, one of the major soil-transmitted helminth infections of humans. In order to assess whether chronic infection with T. muris does indeed influence the development of cancer hallmarks, both wild type mice and colon cancer model (APC min/+) mice were infected with this parasite...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648459/acute-liver-failure-is-associated-with-altered-cerebral-expression-profiles-of-long-non-coding-rnas
#10
Vinícius R Silva, Rodrigo Secolin, Raghu Vemuganti, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Alan S Hazell
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) represents a serious complication of acute liver failure (ALF) in which cerebral edema leading to brainstem herniation as a result of increased intracranial hypertension is a major consequence. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a significant role in coordinating gene expression, with recent studies indicating an influence in the pathogenesis of several diseases. To investigate their involvement in the cerebral pathophysiology of ALF, we profiled the expression of lncRNAs in the frontal cortex of mice at coma stage following treatment with the hepatotoxin azoxymethane...
June 22, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618417/cholesterol-enhances-colorectal-cancer-progression-via-ros-elevation-and-mapk-signaling-pathway-activation
#11
Caihua Wang, Peiwei Li, Junmei Xuan, Chunpeng Zhu, Jingjing Liu, Lizhen Shan, Qin Du, Yuezhong Ren, Jun Ye
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated serum cholesterol levels were linked to a higher risk of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer (CRC), while the effect of cholesterol on CRC metastasis has not been widely studied. METHODS: CRC patients were enrolled to evaluate the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and CRC metastases, and LDL receptor (LDLR) level of the CRC tissue was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The effects of LDL on cell proliferation, migration and stemness were assessed in CRC cells in vitro, and the effects of high fat diet (HFD) on tumor growth and intestinal tumorigenicity were investigated in vivo...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611038/intermittent-dosing-with-sulindac-provides-effective-colorectal-cancer-chemoprevention-in-the-azoxymethane-treated-mouse-model
#12
Swati Chandra, Ariel C Nymeyer, Photini Faith Rice, Eugene W Gerner, Jennifer K Barton
Sulindac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that can provide effective chemoprevention for colorectal cancer. In this study, alternative dosing regimens of sulindac were evaluated for their chemoprevention effectiveness in the azoxymethane-treated A/J mouse model of colorectal cancer. High resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography was utilized to time-serially measure tumor number and tumor burden in the distal colon as the biological endpoints. Four treatment groups were studied: 1) daily for 20 weeks (Sulindac-Daily), 2) for two weeks, then no sulindac for two weeks, cycle repeated 5 times (Sulindac-2), 3) for ten weeks ("on"), then no sulindac for 10 weeks ("off") (Sulindac-10), 4) no sulindac (Sulindac-None)...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599275/dicer-suppresses-cytoskeleton-remodeling-and-tumorigenesis-of-colorectal-epithelium-by-mir-324-5p-mediated-suppression-of-hmgxb3-and-wasf-2
#13
Li Na Sun, Cheng Xing, Zheng Zhi, Yao Liu, Liang-Yan Chen, Tong Shen, Qun Zhou, Yu Hong Liu, Wen Juan Gan, Jing-Ru Wang, Yong Xu, Jian Ming Li
Emerging evidence indicates that microRNAs, a class of small and well-conserved noncoding RNAs, participate in many physiological and pathological processes. RNase III endonuclease DICER is one of the key enzymes for microRNA biogenesis. Here, we found that DICER was downregulated in tumor samples of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients at both mRNA and protein levels. Importantly, intestinal epithelial cell (IEC)-specific deletion of Dicer mice got more tumors after azoxymethane and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) administration...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583134/sphingosine-kinase-1-expression-enhances-colon-tumor-growth
#14
Hideki Furuya, Yoshiko Shimizu, Paulette M Tamashiro, Kayoko Iino, Jacek Bielawski, Owen T M Chan, Ian Pagano, Toshihiko Kawamori
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1)/sphingosine 1-phosphate pathway plays a pivotal role in colon carcinogenesis. METHODS: To further support the evidence, we investigated the effects of SphK1 using three separate animal models: SphK1 knockout mice, SphK1 overexpressing transgenic mice, and SphK1 overexpression in human colon cancer xenografts. Using azoxymethane (AOM, colon carcinogen), we analyzed colon tumor development in SphK1 KO and SphK1 overexpression in intestinal epithelial cells regulated by a tet-on system...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578586/origin-of-somatic-mutations-in-%C3%AE-catenin-versus-adenomatous-polyposis-coli-in-colon-cancer-random-mutagenesis-in-animal-models-versus-nonrandom-mutagenesis-in-humans
#15
Da Yang, Min Zhang, Barry Gold
Wnt signaling is compromised early in the development of human colorectal cancer (CRC) due to truncating nonsense mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC). CRC induced by chemical carcinogens, such as heterocyclic aromatic amines and azoxymethane, in mice also involves dysregulation of Wnt signaling but via activating missense mutations in the β-catenin oncogene despite the fact that genetically modified mice harboring an inactive APC allele efficiently develop CRC. In contrast, activating mutations in β-catenin are rarely observed in human CRC...
June 15, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572667/erratum-genomic-variants-in-mouse-model-induced-by-azoxymethane-and-dextran-sodium-sulfate-improperly-mimic-human-colorectal-cancer
#16
Qingfei Pan, Xiaomin Lou, Ju Zhang, Yinghui Zhu, Fuqiang Li, Qiang Shan, Xianwei Chen, Yingying Xie, Siyuan Su, Hanfu Wei, Liang Lin, Lin Wu, Siqi Liu
A correction has been published and is appended to both the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572005/reelin-protects-from-colon-pathology-by-maintaining-the-intestinal-barrier-integrity-and-repressing-tumorigenic-genes
#17
Ana E Carvajal, José M Serrano-Morales, María D Vázquez-Carretero, Pablo García-Miranda, María L Calonge, María J Peral, Anunciación A Ilundain
We previously reported that reelin, an extracellular matrix protein first known for its key role in neuronal migration, reduces the susceptibility to dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-colitis. The aim of the current study was to determine whether reelin protects from colorectal cancer and how reelin defends from colon pathology. In the colon of wild-type and of mice lacking reelin (reeler mice) we have analysed the: i) epithelium cell renewal processes, ii) morphology, iii) Sox9, Cdx2, Smad5, Cyclin D1, IL-6 and IFNγ mRNA abundance in DSS-treated and untreated mice, and iv) development of azoxymethane/DSS-induced colorectal cancer, using histological and real time-PCR methodologies...
May 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565805/effects-of-dual-modified-resistant-indica-rice-starch-on-azoxymethane-induced-incipient-colon-cancer-in-mice
#18
Huaibo Yuan, Xiping Zhu, Deyi Chen, Wenjuan Wang, Shaohua Meng, Junhui Wang
In this study, the effects of different doses of dual modification-treated (DMT) indica rice resistant starch (IR-RS) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced early colon cancer in mice were investigated. The investigated factors included body weight, gastrointestinal emptying rate, the number and morphology of aberrant crypt foci (ACFs) and the specific expressions of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cytochrome c genes. The results demonstrated that DMT IR-RS controlled the increase in the body weights of the mice, increased the gastrointestinal emptying rates and reduced the numbers of ACFs and aberrant crypts...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522908/detection-and-characterization-of-murine-colitis-and-carcinogenesis-by-molecularly-targeted-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#19
Markus Brückner, Jan Heidemann, Tobias M Nowacki, Friederike Cordes, Jörg Stypmann, Philipp Lenz, Faekah Gohar, Andreas Lügering, Dominik Bettenworth
AIM: To study mucosal addressin cellular adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the assessment of murine colitis and carcinogenesis. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were challenged with 3% dextran sodium-sulfate (DSS) for three, six or nine days to study the development of acute colitis. Ultrasound was performed with and without the addition of unspecific contrast agents. MAdCAM-1-targeted contrast agent was used to detect and quantify MAdCAM-1 expression...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522594/sphingomyelin-synthase-2-deficiency-inhibits-the-induction-of-murine-colitis-associated-colon-cancer
#20
Toshio Ohnishi, Chieko Hashizume, Makoto Taniguchi, Hidehiro Furumoto, Jia Han, Rongfen Gao, Shinichi Kinami, Takeo Kosaka, Toshiro Okazaki
Sphingomyelin synthase 2 (SMS2) is the synthetic enzyme of sphingomyelin (SM), which regulates membrane fluidity and microdomain structure. SMS2 plays a role in LPS-induced lung injury and inflammation; however, its role in inflammation-mediated tumorigenesis is unclear. We investigated the effect of SMS2 deficiency on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced murine colitis and found inhibition of DSS-induced inflammation in SMS2-deficient (SMS2(-/-)) mice. DSS treatment induced a significant increase in ceramide levels, with a decrease of SM levels in SMS2(-/-) colon tissue, and demonstrated attenuation of the elevation of both inflammation-related gene expression and proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, leukocyte infiltration, and MAPK and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 activation...
May 18, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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