keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alk5 kinase inhibitor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405618/efficacy-of-alk5-inhibition-in-myelofibrosis
#1
Lanzhu Yue, Matthias Bartenstein, Wanke Zhao, Wanting Tina Ho, Ying Han, Cem Murdun, Adam W Mailloux, Ling Zhang, Xuefeng Wang, Anjali Budhathoki, Kith Pradhan, Franck Rapaport, Huaquan Wang, Zonghong Shao, Xiubao Ren, Ulrich Steidl, Ross L Levine, Zhizhuang Joe Zhao, Amit Verma, Pearlie K Epling-Burnette
Myelofibrosis (MF) is a bone marrow disorder characterized by clonal myeloproliferation, aberrant cytokine production, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and bone marrow fibrosis. Although somatic mutations in JAK2, MPL, and CALR have been identified in the pathogenesis of these diseases, inhibitors of the Jak2 pathway have not demonstrated efficacy in ameliorating MF in patients. TGF-β family members are profibrotic cytokines and we observed significant TGF-β1 isoform overexpression in a large cohort of primary MF patient samples...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360109/focal-adhesion-kinase-signaling-determines-the-fate-of-lung-epithelial-cells-in-response-to-tgf-%C3%AE
#2
Qiang Ding, Indhu Subramanian, Tracy R Luckhardt, Pulin Che, Meghna Waghray, Xueke Zhao, Nathaniel Bone, Ashish R Kurundkar, Louise Hecker, Meng Hu, Yong Zhou, Jeffrey Craig Horowitz, Ragini Vittal, Victor J Thannickal
Alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) injury and apoptosis are prominent pathological features of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). There is evidence of AEC plasticity in lung injury repair responses and in IPF. In this report, we explore the role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling in determining the fate of lung epithelial cells in response to TGF-β1. Rat type II alveolar epithelial cells (RLE-6TN) were treated with or without TGF-β1, and the expression of mesenchymal phenotype and function were analyzed...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359790/design-synthesis-and-optimization-of-7-substituted-pyrazolo-4-3-b-pyridine-alk5-activin-receptor-like-kinase-5-inhibitors
#3
Mark Sabat, Haixia Wang, Nick Scorah, J David Lawson, Joy Atienza, Ruhi Kamran, Mark S Hixon, Douglas R Dougan
A series of potent ALK5 inhibitors were designed using a SBDD approach and subsequently optimized to improve drug likeness. Starting with a 4-substituted quinoline screening hit, SAR was conducted using a ALK5 binding model to understand the binding site and optimize activity. The resulting inhibitors displayed excellent potency but were limited by high in vitro clearance in rat and human microsomes. Using a scaffold morphing strategy, these analogs were transformed into a related pyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine series with improved ADME properties...
May 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337662/a83-01-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-upregulation-of-wnt3-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-cells
#4
Yanyuan Wu, Trinh Tran, Sami Dwabe, Marianna Sarkissyan, Juri Kim, Miguel Nava, Sheilah Clayton, Richard Pietras, Robin Farias-Eisner, Jaydutt V Vadgama
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanisms of interactions between TGF-β and Wnt/β-catenin pathways that induce and regulate EMT and promote breast cancer cells to become resistant to treatment. METHODS: The effect of TGF-β on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway was examined by using a human Wnt/β-catenin-regulated cDNA plate array and western blot analysis. The interaction of Twist at promoter of Wnt3 was examined by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay...
March 23, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324846/novel-alk5-inhibitor-tp0427736-reduces-tgf-%C3%AE-%C3%A3-induced-growth-inhibition-in-human-outer-root-sheath-cells-and-elongates-anagen-phase-in-mouse-hair-follicles
#5
Takumi Naruse, Mari Aoki, Natsuko Fujimoto, Seiji Arase, Hajimu Oura, Yasuji Ueda, Akiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) occurs as a result of the contraction of the anagen phase because of the action of androgens on hair follicles. TGF-β production from dermal papillae is enhanced by androgens, and growth inhibition of hair-follicle cells is induced by TGF-β, and the hair cycle progresses from the anagen phase to the catagen phase. We investigated both the in vitro and in vivo potency of the newly identified ALK5 inhibitor TP0427736 {6-[4-(4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-5-yl]-1,3-benzothiazole}...
January 25, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165490/generation-of-pdgfr%C3%AE-cardioblasts-from-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
Seon Pyo Hong, Sukhyun Song, Sung Woo Cho, Seungjoo Lee, Bong Ihn Koh, Hosung Bae, Kyun Hoo Kim, Jin-Sung Park, Hyo-Sang Do, Ilkyun Im, Hye Jin Heo, Tae Hee Ko, Jae-Hyeong Park, Jae Boum Youm, Seong-Jin Kim, Injune Kim, Jin Han, Yong-Mahn Han, Gou Young Koh
Isolating actively proliferating cardioblasts is the first crucial step for cardiac regeneration through cell implantation. However, the origin and identity of putative cardioblasts are still unclear. Here, we uncover a novel class of cardiac lineage cells, PDGFRα(+)Flk1(-) cardioblasts (PCBs), from mouse and human pluripotent stem cells induced using CsAYTE, a combination of the small molecules Cyclosporin A, the rho-associated coiled-coil kinase inhibitor Y27632, the antioxidant Trolox, and the ALK5 inhibitor EW7197...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135685/alk5-kinase-inhibitory-activity-and-synthesis-of-2-3-4-substituted-5-5-dimethyl-5-6-dihydro-4h-pyrrolo-1-2-b-pyrazoles
#7
Eva Řezníčková, Lukáš Tenora, Pavlína Pospíšilová, Juraj Galeta, Radek Jorda, Karel Berka, Pavel Majer, Milan Potáček, Vladimír Kryštof
A series of 2,3,4-substituted 5,5-dimethyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazoles (DPPs) was synthesized and evaluated for their ALK5 inhibition activity. The most potent compounds displayed submicromolar IC50 values for ALK5. Preliminary profiling of one of the most active compounds in a panel of 50 protein kinases revealed its selectivity for ALK5. In cells, the compounds caused dose-dependent dephosphorylation of SMAD2, a well-established substrate of ALK5. In addition, the compounds blocked translocation of SMAD2/3 to nuclei of cells stimulated with TGFβ and the protein remained predominantly in cytoplasm, further confirming their molecular target...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078713/the-novel-mtor-complex-1-2-inhibitor-p529-inhibits-human-lung-myofibroblast-differentiation
#8
Keith T Ferguson, Elizabeth E Torr, Ksenija Bernau, Jonathan Leet, David Sherris, Nathan Sandbo
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and deadly disorder with very few therapeutic options. Palomid 529 (8-(1-hydroxyethyl)-2-methoxy-3-(4-methoxybenzyloxy)-benzo[c]chromen-6-one; P529) is a novel dual inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1/2 (mTORC1/2). In these studies, we investigated the effect of P529 on TGF-β-dependent signaling and myofibroblast differentiation. TGF-β-induced phosphorylation of the mTORC1 targets, p70 S6 kinase 1 (S6K1), and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), were both dose dependently inhibited by P529 in human lung fibroblasts with maximal inhibition occurring between 10 and 20 μM...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046097/glucocorticoid-insensitivity-in-virally-infected-airway-epithelial-cells-is-dependent-on-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-activity
#9
Yuxiu C Xia, Asmaa Radwan, Christine R Keenan, Shenna Y Langenbach, Meina Li, Danica Radojicic, Sarah L Londrigan, Rosa C Gualano, Alastair G Stewart
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are commonly associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinovirus (RV) and influenza A virus (IAV) infection. The ensuing airway inflammation is resistant to the anti-inflammatory actions of glucocorticoids (GCs). Viral infection elicits transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) activity, a growth factor we have previously shown to impair GC action in human airway epithelial cells through the activation of activin-like kinase 5 (ALK5), the type 1 receptor of TGF-β...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934472/application-of-pd-catalyzed-cross-coupling-reactions-in-the-synthesis-of-5-5-dimethyl-5-6-dihydro-4h-pyrrolo-1-2-b-pyrazoles-that-inhibit-alk5-kinase
#10
Lukáš Tenora, Juraj Galeta, Eva Řezníčková, Vladimír Kryštof, Milan Potáček
C-H activation of position 3 of a substituted pyrazole ring catalyzed by palladium(II) was straightforward and convenient for arylated or heteroarylated 5,5-dimethyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazoles. Moreover, we introduced simple protection of the nitrogen in the pyridin-2-yl directing group, which otherwise does not allow a cross-coupling reaction, by transformation to the N-oxide. Selected final products were reasonably selective ALK5 kinase inhibitors.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865758/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-inhibit-the-expression-of-the-proinflammatory-cytokine-il-34-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-synovial-fibroblasts
#11
Marguerite Chemel, Regis Brion, Aude-Isabelle Segaliny, Audrey Lamora, Celine Charrier, Benedicte Brulin, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff, Dominique Heymann, Franck Verrecchia
IL-34 is a proinflammatory cytokine implicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The current study aimed to assess the IL-34 expression in response to two members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family, TGF-β1 and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, in synovial fibroblasts from RA patients. IL-34, TGF-β1, and BMP-2 productions were measured in patient synovial fluids by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IL-34 mRNA levels were quantified by real-time quantitative PCR in human synovial fibroblasts and murine mesenchymal stem cells...
January 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460209/design-synthesis-and-optimization-of-novel-alk5-activin-like-kinase-5-inhibitors
#12
Haixia Wang, J David Lawson, Nick Scorah, Ruhi Kamran, Mark S Hixon, Joy Atienza, Douglas R Dougan, Mark Sabat
Using SBDD, a series of 4-amino-7-azaindoles were discovered as a novel class of Alk5 inhibitors that are potent in both Alk5 enzymatic and cellular assays. Subsequently a ring cyclization strategy was utilized to improve ADME properties leading to the discovery of a series of 1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2(3H)-one drug like Alk5 inhibitors.
September 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248167/proteinase-activated-receptor-2-promotes-tgf-%C3%AE-dependent-cell-motility-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-by-sustaining-expression-of-the-tgf-%C3%AE-type-i-receptor-alk5
#13
Franziska Zeeh, David Witte, Thomas Gädeken, Bernhard H Rauch, Evelin Grage-Griebenow, Nadja Leinung, Sofie Joline Fromm, Stephanie Stölting, Koichiro Mihara, Roland Kaufmann, Utz Settmacher, Hendrik Lehnert, Morley D Hollenberg, Hendrik Ungefroren
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by high expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and the G protein-coupled receptor proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), the latter of which functions as a cell-surface sensor for serine proteinases asscociated with the tumour microenvironment. Since TGF-β and PAR2 affect tumourigenesis by regulating migration, invasion and metastasis, we hypothesized that there is signalling crosstalk between them. Depleting PDAC and non-PDAC cells of PAR2 by RNA interference strongly decreased TGF-β1-induced activation of Smad2/3 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, Smad dependent transcriptional activity, expression of invasion associated genes, and cell migration/invasion in vitro...
July 5, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182558/alk5-inhibition-increases-delivery-of-macromolecular-and-protein-bound-contrast-agents-to-tumors
#14
Heike E Daldrup-Link, Suchismita Mohanty, Celina Ansari, Olga Lenkov, Aubie Shaw, Ken Ito, Su Hyun Hong, Matthias Hoffmann, Laura Pisani, Nancy Boudreau, Sanjiv Sam Gambhir, Lisa M Coussens
Limited transendothelial permeability across tumor microvessels represents a significant bottleneck in the development of tumor-specific diagnostic agents and theranostic drugs. Here, we show an approach to increase transendothelial permeability of macromolecular and nanoparticle-based contrast agents via inhibition of the type I TGF-β receptor, activin-like kinase 5 (Alk5), in tumors. Alk5 inhibition significantly increased tumor contrast agent delivery and enhancement on imaging studies, while healthy organs remained relatively unaffected...
May 6, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153151/a-small-dibromotyrosine-derivative-purified-from-pseudoceratina-sp-suppresses-tgf-%C3%AE-responsiveness-by-inhibiting-tgf-%C3%AE-type-i-receptor-serine-threonine-kinase-activity
#15
C-L Chen, Y-C Kao, P-H Yang, P-J Sung, J-H Wen, J-J Chen, P-Y Chen
For clinical application, there is a great need for small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) that could control pathogenic effects of transforming growth factor (TGF-β) and/or modulate effects of TGF-β in normal responses. Selective SMIs of the TGF-β signaling pathway developed for therapeutics will also be powerful tools in experimentally dissecting this complex pathway, especially its cross-talk with other signaling pathways. In this study, we characterized (1'R,5'S,6'S)-2-(3',5'-dibromo-1',6'-dihydroxy-4'-oxocyclohex -2'-enyl) acetonitrile (DT), a member of a new class of small-molecule inhibitors related to bromotyrosine derivate from Pseudoceratina sp...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099352/calpain-2-activates-akt-via-tgf-%C3%AE-1-mtorc2-pathway-in-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cells
#16
Prasanna Abeyrathna, Laszlo Kovacs, Weihong Han, Yunchao Su
Calpain is a family of calcium-dependent nonlysosomal neutral cysteine endopeptidases. Akt is a serine/threonine kinase that belongs to AGC kinases and plays important roles in cell survival, growth, proliferation, angiogenesis, and cell metabolism. Both calpain and Akt are the downstream signaling molecules of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and mediate PDGF-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in pulmonary vascular remodeling. We found that inhibitions of calpain-2 by using calpain inhibitor MDL28170 and calpain-2 small interfering RNA attenuated Akt phosphorylations at serine-473 (S473) and threonine-308 (T308), as well as collagen synthesis and cell proliferation of PASMCs induced by PDGF...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26588899/dasatinib-blocks-transcriptional-and-promigratory-responses-to-transforming-growth-factor-beta-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-cells-through-inhibition-of-smad-signalling-implications-for-in-vivo-mode-of-action
#17
Tobias Bartscht, Benjamin Rosien, Dirk Rades, Roland Kaufmann, Harald Biersack, Hendrik Lehnert, Frank Gieseler, Hendrik Ungefroren
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells that the SRC inhibitors PP2 and PP1 effectively inhibited TGF-β1-mediated cellular responses by blocking the kinase function of the TGF-β type I receptor ALK5 rather than SRC. Here, we investigated the ability of the clinically utilised SRC/ABL inhibitor dasatinib to mimic the PP2/PP1 effect. METHODS: The effect of dasatinib on TGF-β1-dependent Smad2/3 phosphorylation, general transcriptional activity, gene expression, cell motility, and the generation of tumour stem cells was measured in Panc-1 and Colo-357 cells using immunoblotting, reporter gene assays, RT-PCR, impedance-based real-time measurement of cell migration, and colony formation assays, respectively...
2015: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26483198/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-5-fluoro-substituted-6-methylpyridin-2-yl-4-1-2-4-triazolo-1-5-a-pyridin-6-yl-imidazoles-as-inhibitors-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-type-i-receptor-kinase
#18
Maddeboina Krishnaiah, Cheng Hua Jin, Yhun Yhong Sheen, Dae-Kee Kim
To further optimize a clinical candidate 5 (EW-7197), a series of 5-(3-, 4-, or 5-fluoro-substituted-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)imidazoles 19a-l have been synthesized and evaluated for their TGF-β type I receptor kinase (ALK5) and p38α MAP kinase inhibitory activity in an enzyme assay. The 5-(5-fluoro-substituted-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)imidazoles 19h-l displayed the similar level of potency to that of 5 against both ALK5 (IC50=7.68-13.70 nM) and p38α MAP kinase (IC50=1240-3370 nM)...
November 15, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472812/identification-of-tgf-%C3%AE-receptor-1-as-a-key-regulator-of-carbon-nanotube-induced-fibrogenesis
#19
Anurag Mishra, Todd A Stueckle, Robert R Mercer, Raymond Derk, Yon Rojanasakul, Vincent Castranova, Liying Wang
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) induce rapid interstitial lung fibrosis, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Previous studies indicated that the ability of CNTs to penetrate lung epithelium, enter interstitial tissue, and stimulate fibroblasts to produce collagen matrix is important to lung fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the activation of transforming growth factor-β receptor-1 [TGF-β R1; i.e., activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) receptor] and TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in CNT-induced collagen production in human lung fibroblasts...
October 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462028/combinatorial-tgf-%C3%AE-attenuation-with-paclitaxel-inhibits-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-breast-cancer-stem-like-cells
#20
So-Yeon Park, Min-Jin Kim, Sang-A Park, Jung-Shin Kim, Kyung-Nan Min, Dae-Kee Kim, Woosung Lim, Jeong-Seok Nam, Yhun Yhong Sheen
Distant relapse after chemotherapy is an important clinical issue for treating breast cancer patients and results from the development of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) during chemotherapy. Here we report that blocking epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) suppresses paclitaxel-induced CSCs properties by using a MDA-MB-231-xenografted mice model (in vivo), and breast cancer cell lines (in vitro). Paclitaxel, one of the cytotoxic taxane-drugs such as docetaxel, increases mesenchymal markers (Vimentin and Fibronectin) and decreases an epithelial marker (Zo-1)...
November 10, 2015: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
119505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"