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Alk5 kinase inhibitor

Haixia Wang, J David Lawson, Nick Scorah, Ruhi Kamran, Mark S Hixon, Joy Atienza, Douglas R Dougan, Mark Sabat
Using SBDD, a series of 4-amino-7-azaindoles were discovered as a novel class of Alk5 inhibitors that are potent in both Alk5 enzymatic and cellular assays. Subsequently a ring cyclization strategy was utilized to improve ADME properties leading to the discovery of a series of 1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2(3H)-one drug like Alk5 inhibitors.
September 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Franziska Zeeh, David Witte, Thomas Gädeken, Bernhard H Rauch, Evelin Grage-Griebenow, Nadja Leinung, Sofie Joline Fromm, Stephanie Stölting, Koichiro Mihara, Roland Kaufmann, Utz Settmacher, Hendrik Lehnert, Morley D Hollenberg, Hendrik Ungefroren
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by high expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and the G protein-coupled receptor proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), the latter of which functions as a cell-surface sensor for serine proteinases asscociated with the tumour microenvironment. Since TGF-β and PAR2 affect tumourigenesis by regulating migration, invasion and metastasis, we hypothesized that there is signalling crosstalk between them. Depleting PDAC and non-PDAC cells of PAR2 by RNA interference strongly decreased TGF-β1-induced activation of Smad2/3 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, Smad dependent transcriptional activity, expression of invasion associated genes, and cell migration/invasion in vitro...
May 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Heike E Daldrup-Link, Suchismita Mohanty, Celina Ansari, Olga Lenkov, Aubie Shaw, Ken Ito, Su Hyun Hong, Matthias Hoffmann, Laura Pisani, Nancy Boudreau, Sanjiv Sam Gambhir, Lisa M Coussens
Limited transendothelial permeability across tumor microvessels represents a significant bottleneck in the development of tumor-specific diagnostic agents and theranostic drugs. Here, we show an approach to increase transendothelial permeability of macromolecular and nanoparticle-based contrast agents via inhibition of the type I TGF-β receptor, activin-like kinase 5 (Alk5), in tumors. Alk5 inhibition significantly increased tumor contrast agent delivery and enhancement on imaging studies, while healthy organs remained relatively unaffected...
May 6, 2016: JCI Insight
C-L Chen, Y-C Kao, P-H Yang, P-J Sung, J-H Wen, J-J Chen, P-Y Chen
For clinical application, there is a great need for small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) that could control pathogenic effects of transforming growth factor (TGF-β) and/or modulate effects of TGF-β in normal responses. Selective SMIs of the TGF-β signaling pathway developed for therapeutics will also be powerful tools in experimentally dissecting this complex pathway, especially its cross-talk with other signaling pathways. In this study, we characterized (1'R,5'S,6'S)-2-(3',5'-dibromo-1',6'-dihydroxy-4'-oxocyclohex -2'-enyl) acetonitrile (DT), a member of a new class of small-molecule inhibitors related to bromotyrosine derivate from Pseudoceratina sp...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Prasanna Abeyrathna, Laszlo Kovacs, Weihong Han, Yunchao Su
Calpain is a family of calcium-dependent nonlysosomal neutral cysteine endopeptidases. Akt is a serine/threonine kinase that belongs to AGC kinases and plays important roles in cell survival, growth, proliferation, angiogenesis, and cell metabolism. Both calpain and Akt are the downstream signaling molecules of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and mediate PDGF-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in pulmonary vascular remodeling. We found that inhibitions of calpain-2 by using calpain inhibitor MDL28170 and calpain-2 small interfering RNA attenuated Akt phosphorylations at serine-473 (S473) and threonine-308 (T308), as well as collagen synthesis and cell proliferation of PASMCs induced by PDGF...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Tobias Bartscht, Benjamin Rosien, Dirk Rades, Roland Kaufmann, Harald Biersack, Hendrik Lehnert, Frank Gieseler, Hendrik Ungefroren
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells that the SRC inhibitors PP2 and PP1 effectively inhibited TGF-β1-mediated cellular responses by blocking the kinase function of the TGF-β type I receptor ALK5 rather than SRC. Here, we investigated the ability of the clinically utilised SRC/ABL inhibitor dasatinib to mimic the PP2/PP1 effect. METHODS: The effect of dasatinib on TGF-β1-dependent Smad2/3 phosphorylation, general transcriptional activity, gene expression, cell motility, and the generation of tumour stem cells was measured in Panc-1 and Colo-357 cells using immunoblotting, reporter gene assays, RT-PCR, impedance-based real-time measurement of cell migration, and colony formation assays, respectively...
2015: Molecular Cancer
Maddeboina Krishnaiah, Cheng Hua Jin, Yhun Yhong Sheen, Dae-Kee Kim
To further optimize a clinical candidate 5 (EW-7197), a series of 5-(3-, 4-, or 5-fluoro-substituted-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)imidazoles 19a-l have been synthesized and evaluated for their TGF-β type I receptor kinase (ALK5) and p38α MAP kinase inhibitory activity in an enzyme assay. The 5-(5-fluoro-substituted-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)imidazoles 19h-l displayed the similar level of potency to that of 5 against both ALK5 (IC50=7.68-13.70 nM) and p38α MAP kinase (IC50=1240-3370 nM)...
November 15, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Anurag Mishra, Todd A Stueckle, Robert R Mercer, Raymond Derk, Yon Rojanasakul, Vincent Castranova, Liying Wang
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) induce rapid interstitial lung fibrosis, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Previous studies indicated that the ability of CNTs to penetrate lung epithelium, enter interstitial tissue, and stimulate fibroblasts to produce collagen matrix is important to lung fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the activation of transforming growth factor-β receptor-1 [TGF-β R1; i.e., activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) receptor] and TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in CNT-induced collagen production in human lung fibroblasts...
October 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
So-Yeon Park, Min-Jin Kim, Sang-A Park, Jung-Shin Kim, Kyung-Nan Min, Dae-Kee Kim, Woosung Lim, Jeong-Seok Nam, Yhun Yhong Sheen
Distant relapse after chemotherapy is an important clinical issue for treating breast cancer patients and results from the development of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) during chemotherapy. Here we report that blocking epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) suppresses paclitaxel-induced CSCs properties by using a MDA-MB-231-xenografted mice model (in vivo), and breast cancer cell lines (in vitro). Paclitaxel, one of the cytotoxic taxane-drugs such as docetaxel, increases mesenchymal markers (Vimentin and Fibronectin) and decreases an epithelial marker (Zo-1)...
November 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Jianping Wu, Yingying Dong, Xiaomei Teng, Maohua Cheng, Zhenya Shen, Weiqian Chen
Hematopoiesis is a complex process tightly controlled by sets of transcription factors in a context-dependent and stage-specific manner. Smad2/3 transcription factor plays a central role in differentiation and survival of erythroid cells. Here we report that follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) treatment impairs hemin-induced erythroid differentiation and cell survival. FSTL1 differentially regulates transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling. Blockade of Smad2/3 signaling with the ALK5/type I TGF-βR kinase inhibitor, SB-525334, was efficacious for rescue of erythroid differentiation blockage and apoptosis...
October 30, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qi Ge, Qingxiang Zeng, Gavin Tjin, Edmund Lau, Judith L Black, Brian G G Oliver, Janette K Burgess
Altered ECM protein deposition is a feature in asthmatic airways. Fibronectin (Fn), an ECM protein produced by human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs), is increased in asthmatic airways. This study investigated the regulation of Fn production in asthmatic or nonasthmatic HBECs and whether Fn modulated HBEC proliferation and inflammatory mediator secretion. The signaling pathways underlying transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-regulated Fn production were examined using specific inhibitors for ERK, JNK, p38 MAPK, phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, and activin-like kinase 5 (ALK5)...
November 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Y F Zhang, S Z Zhou, X Y Cheng, B Yi, S Z Shan, J Wang, Q F Li
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scars (HPSs) are characterized by excessive fibrosis associated with aberrant function of fibroblasts. Currently no satisfactory treatment has been developed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of baicalein on HPSs and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Baicalein was administered intradermally (10 μmol L(-1) in 100 μL sterile saline plus 10% dimethylsulfoxide) to mechanical-load-induced scars in mice once a day for 14 or 28 days...
January 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Chiaki Furuta, Tatsuki Miyamoto, Takahiro Takagi, Yuri Noguchi, Jyunya Kaneko, Susumu Itoh, Takuya Watanabe, Fumiko Itoh
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a potent growth inhibitor in normal epithelial cells. However, a number of malignant tumors produce excessive amounts of TGF-β, which affects the tumor-associated microenvironment by furthering the progression of tumorigenicity. Although it is known that the tumor-associated microenvironment often becomes hypoxic, how hypoxia influences TGF-β signaling in this microenvironment is unknown. We investigated whether TGF-β signaling is influenced by long-term exposure to hypoxia in Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells...
November 2015: Cancer Science
Yu-Ching Chen, Hsun-Ming Chang, Jung-Chien Cheng, Horng-Der Tsai, Cheng-Hsuan Wu, Peter C K Leung
STUDY QUESTION: Does transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) up-regulate connexin43 (Cx43) to promote cell-cell communication in human granulosa cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: TGF-β1 up-regulates Cx43 and increases gap junction intercellular communication activities (GJIC) in human granulosa cells, and this effect occurs via the activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)5-mediated Sma- and Mad-related protein (SMAD)2/3-SMAD4-dependent pathway. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: TGF-β1 and its receptors are expressed in human granulosa cells, and follicular fluid contains TGF-β1 protein...
September 2015: Human Reproduction
Yanhui Zhu, Hairong Tao, Chen Jin, Yonzhang Liu, Xiongwei Lu, Xiaopeng Hu, Xiang Wang
Transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β regulates the anabolic metabolism of articular cartilage and prevents cartilage degradation. TGF‑β1 influences cellular proliferation, differentiation and the extracellular matrix through activation of the extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and Smad2/3 signaling pathways. However, it has remained to be fully elucidated precisely how the ERK1/2 and Smad2/3 signaling pathways mediate anabolic processes of articular cartilage. The present study investigated how ERK1/2 and Smad2/3 signaling mediate TGF‑β1‑stimulated type II collagen and aggrecan expression in rat chondrocytes...
October 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Abdelaziz Alsamarah, Alecander E LaCuran, Peter Oelschlaeger, Jijun Hao, Yun Luo
Abnormal alteration of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling is implicated in many types of diseases including cancer and heterotopic ossifications. Hence, small molecules targeting BMP type I receptors (BMPRI) to interrupt BMP signaling are believed to be an effective approach to treat these diseases. However, lack of understanding of the molecular determinants responsible for the binding selectivity of current BMP inhibitors has been a big hindrance to the development of BMP inhibitors for clinical use...
2015: PloS One
Alessia Deglincerti, Tomomi Haremaki, Aryeh Warmflash, Benoit Sorre, Ali H Brivanlou
The TGFβ signaling pathway is a crucial regulator of developmental processes and disease. The activity of TGFβ ligands is modulated by various families of soluble inhibitors that interfere with the interactions between ligands and receptors. In an unbiased, genome-wide RNAi screen to identify genes involved in ligand-dependent signaling, we unexpectedly identified the BMP/Activin/Nodal inhibitor Coco as an enhancer of TGFβ1 signaling. Coco synergizes with TGFβ1 in both cell culture and Xenopus explants...
August 1, 2015: Development
Ahmed E Hegab, Daisuke Arai, Jingtao Gao, Aoi Kuroda, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Makoto Ishii, Katsuhiko Naoki, Kenzo Soejima, Tomoko Betsuyaku
The niche surrounding stem cells regulate their fate during homeostasis and after injury or infection. The 3D organoid assay has been widely used to study stem cells behavior based on its capacity to evaluate self-renewal, differentiation and the effect of various medium supplements, drugs and co-culture with supportive cells. We established an assay to study both lung and trachea stem cells in vitro. We characterized their proliferation and differentiation spectrum at baseline then evaluated the effect of co-culturing with fibroblasts and endothelial cells and/or treating with several biologically relevant substances as possible contributors to their niche...
July 2015: Stem Cell Research
Günter Finkenzeller, Gerhard Björn Stark, Sandra Strassburg
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization plays an important role in tissue engineering applications. In animal models, it was demonstrated that implantation of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from cord blood led to the formation of a complex functional neovasculature, whereas EPCs isolated from peripheral blood (pbEPCs) showed a limited vasculogenic potential, which may be attributed to age-related dysfunction. Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) was recently identified as a rejuvenation factor, which was able to reverse age-related dysfunction of stem cells...
September 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Hai-Jian Sun, Tong-Yan Liu, Feng Zhang, Xiao-Qing Xiong, Jue-Jin Wang, Qi Chen, Yue-Hua Li, Yu-Ming Kang, Ye-Bo Zhou, Ying Han, Xing-Ya Gao, Guo-Qing Zhu
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and vascular fibrosis are closely linked with hypertension and atherosclerosis. Salusin-β is a bioactive peptide involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, it is still largely undefined whether salusin-β is a potential candidate in the VSMC proliferation and vascular fibrosis. Experiments were carried out in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and in rats with intravenous injection of lentivirus expressing salusin-β. In vitro, salusin-β promoted VSMCs proliferation, which was attenuated by adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536, PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMP, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478, ERK inhibitor U0126 or cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) inhibitor KG501...
September 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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