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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912752/a-comparison-of-microrna-expression-profiles-from-splenic-hemangiosarcoma-splenic-nodular-hyperplasia-and-normal-spleens-of-dogs
#1
Janet A Grimes, Nripesh Prasad, Shawn Levy, Russell Cattley, Stephanie Lindley, Harry W Boothe, Ralph A Henderson, Bruce F Smith
BACKGROUND: Splenic masses are common in older dogs; yet diagnosis preceding splenectomy and histopathology remains elusive. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs that play a role in post-transcriptional regulation, and differential expression of miRNAs between normal and tumor tissue has been used to diagnose neoplastic diseases. The objective of this study was to determine differential expression of miRNAs by use of RNA-sequencing in canine spleens that were histologically confirmed as hemangiosarcoma, nodular hyperplasia, or normal...
December 3, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904693/berberine-upregulates-mir-22-3p-to-suppress-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-sp1
#2
Jie Chen, Fei-Xiang Wu, Hong-Lin Luo, Jun-Jie Liu, Tao Luo, Tao Bai, Le-Qun Li, Xiao-Hui Fan
MicroRNA-22-3p (miR-22-3p) is downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which contributes to the development and progression of HCC. In this study, berberine treatment upregulated miR-22-3p expression in HepG2 cells. Therefore, we investigated whether berberine suppresses the proliferation of HCC cells and explored the underlying mechanism. The HCC HepG2 cell line was treated with a gradient of berberine concentrations (0-300 μM) for 48 h, and 100 μM berberine inhibited cell growth at 24 h. The HepG2 cells were then incubated with 100 μM berberine for 0-48 h, and after treatment for 24 h, berberine markedly suppressed HepG2 cell growth and significantly upregulated miR-22-3p expression...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899639/histone-demethylase-phf8-promotes-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-breast-tumorigenesis
#3
Peng Shao, Qi Liu, Peterson Kariuki Maina, Jiayue Cui, Thomas B Bair, Tiandao Li, Shaikamjad Umesalma, Weizhou Zhang, Hank Heng Qi
Histone demethylase PHF8 is upregulated and plays oncogenic roles in various cancers; however, the mechanisms underlying its dysregulation and functions in carcinogenesis remain obscure. Here, we report the novel functions of PHF8 in EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition) and breast cancer development. Genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that PHF8 overexpression induces an EMT-like process, including the upregulation of SNAI1 and ZEB1. PHF8 demethylates H3K9me1, H3K9me2 and sustains H3K4me3 to prime the transcriptional activation of SNAI1 by TGF-β signaling...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889568/fosb-regulates-expression-of-mir-22-during-pma-induced-differentiation-of-k562-cells-to-megakaryocytes
#4
Hafiz M Ahmad, Pamchui Muiwo, Rohini Muthuswami, Alok Bhattacharya
Expression of many miRNAs is altered in different cancers and these changes are thought to play a key role in formation and progression of cancer. In chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) a number of miRNAs are known to be down regulated as compared to normal cells. In this report we have investigated the mechanism of this down regulation by using PMA induced differentiation of CML cell line K562 to megakaryocytes as an experimental system. On treatment with PMA, expression of many down regulated miRNAs including miR-22 is induced...
November 23, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882145/microrna-22-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-an-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-in-rats
#5
Jian Yang, Zhixing Fan, Jun Yang, Jiawang Ding, Chaojun Yang, Lihua Chen
Previous studies have reported that microRNA-22 (miR-22) may be implicated in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial injury. Our previously published data also demonstrated that miR-22 may protect against myocardial I/R injury via anti-apoptosis in rats by targeting cAMP response element-binding protein binding protein (CBP). However, the specific function of miR-22 in myocardial I/R injury is far from fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate another cardioprotective signaling mechanism of miR-22 in myocardial I/R injury...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834627/promotion-of-astrocytoma-cell-invasion-by-micro-rna-22-targeting-of-tissue-inhibitor-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2
#6
Yu-Ichiro Ohnishi, Koichi Iwatsuki, Masahiro Ishihara, Toshika Ohkawa, Manabu Kinoshita, Koei Shinzawa, Yasunori Fujimoto, Toshiki Yoshimine
OBJECTIVE Diffuse astrocytomas (DAs) have a high recurrence rate due to diffuse infiltration into the brain and spinal cord. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression by binding to complementary sequences of target messenger RNA (mRNA). It has been reported that miRNA-22 (miR-22) is involved in the invasion of some cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to identify the biological effects of miR-22 in regard to the invasion of human DAs. METHODS The authors evaluated whether the level of miR-22 is elevated in human spinal DAs by using miRNA chips...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831640/influence-and-significance-of-intervening-diabetes-microrna-expression-profile-of-nod-mice-with-exendin-4
#7
J-S He, C-W Lian, Y-L Fang, J-Z Wu, X-L Ye, S-B Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To provide selectable microRNA for intervening diabetes mellitus diseases, NOD mice's expression of microRNA in pancreas tissues and blood under the exendin-4 intervention of was observed and the difference of microRNA target gene was screened. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty clean NOD mice were randomly divided into four groups (in each group, n = 10): One is blank control group D which is intervened with normal saline, and the other three groups were divided into low-dose group A, middle-dose group B, and high-dose group C according to the different exendin-4 dosage 2, 4, and 8 μg/kg·d...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811373/mir-22-targets-ywhaz-to-inhibit-metastasis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-its-down-regulation-predicts-a-poor-survival
#8
Ming Chen, Wei Hu, Chen-Ling Xiong, Zhen Qu, Chang-Qing Yin, Yu-Hui Wang, Chang-Liang Luo, Qing Guan, Chun-Hui Yuan, Fu-Bing Wang
Many miRNAs are associated with the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and some exhibit potential prognostic value. In this study, to further confirm the prognostic value of miRNAs in HCC, we employed miRNA-sequencing data of tumor tissues of 372 HCC patients released by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and identified 3 miRNAs including miR-22, miR-9-1 and miR-9-2 could be used as independent predictors for HCC prognostic evaluation. As a tumor-suppressive miRNA, miR-22 was down-regulated in HCC tissues...
November 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762627/mir-22-inhibits-cd34-cells-expansion-through-decreasing-%C3%AE-catenin-in-osteoblasts
#9
Yuxia Yang, Yanju Zhang, Zhenchuan Miao, Junhua Zhou, Jianyuan Luo
The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment, heavily composed of osteoblasts, plays a key role during the normal development of hematopoiesis. Endogenous miR-22 has an important function on the hematopoietic development and osteoblastic differentiation. It is unclear whether miR-22 in osteoblasts from the BM microenvironment also has an important function on the development of hematopoiesis. In this study, we found that the capacity of FBMOB-hTERT cells to expand human cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells and maintain the multipotency of CB CD34+ cells is decreased upon ectopic expression of miR-22...
October 20, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761206/effects-of-chrysin-plga-peg-nanoparticles-on-proliferation-and-gene-expression-of-mirnas-in-gastric-cancer-cell-line
#10
Farideh Mohammadian, Alireza Abhari, Hassan Dariushnejad, Alireza Nikanfar, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Nosratollah Zarghami
BACKGROUND: Recently, Chrysin, as a flavone, has revealed cancer chemo-preventive activity. The present experiment utilized the PLGA-PEG-chrysin complex, and free chrysin, to evaluation of the expression of miR-22, miR-34a and miR-126 in human gastric cell line. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether nano encapsulating chrysin improves the anti-cancer effect of free chrysin on AGS human gastric cell line. METHODS: Properties of the chrysin encapsulated in PLGA-PEG nanoparticles were investigated by SEM, H NMR, and FTIR...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738335/waltonitone-inhibits-proliferation-of-hepatoma-cells-and-tumorigenesis-via-fxr-mir-22-ccna2-signaling-pathway
#11
Fan Yang, Junting Gong, Guangyun Wang, Peng Chen, Li Yang, Zhengtao Wang
Waltonitone (WA), an ursane-type pentacyclic triterpene extracted from Gentiana waltonii Burkill, was recently appeared to exert anti-tumor effect. However, the biological underpinnings underlying the role of WA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells have not been completely elucidated. Our previous report indicated that the FXR-regulated miR-22-CCNA2 pathway contributed to the progression and development of HCC. Besides, a wide spectrum of microRNAs (miRNAs) could be up- or down-regulated upon WA treatment, including miR-22...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705941/microrna-22-negatively-regulates-poly-i-c-triggered-type-i-interferon-and-inflammatory-cytokine-production-via-targeting-mitochondrial-antiviral-signaling-protein-mavs
#12
Shengfeng Wan, Usama Ashraf, Jing Ye, Xiaodong Duan, Ali Zohaib, Wentao Wang, Zheng Chen, Bibo Zhu, Yunchuan Li, Huanchun Chen, Shengbo Cao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in regulating the host immune response. Here we found that miR-22 is induced in glial cells upon stimulation with poly(I:C). Overexpression of miR-22 in the cultured cells resulted in decreased activity of interferon regulatory factor-3 and nuclear factor-kappa B, which in turn led to reduced expression of interferon-β and inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5, upon stimulation with poly(I:C), whereas knockdown of miR-22 had the opposite effect...
October 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689328/c-myc-drives-histone-demethylase-phf8-during-neuroendocrine-differentiation-and-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
Peterson Kariuki Maina, Peng Shao, Qi Liu, Ladan Fazli, Scott Tyler, Moman Nasir, Xuesen Dong, Hank Heng Qi
Epigenetic factors play critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) development. However, how they contribute to neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) and castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) is not fully understood. Using bioinformatics and biochemical approaches to analyze cell-based models of NED and CRPC, we found a cluster of epigenetic factors whose expression is downregulated during NED and upregulated in CRPC (i.e. follow a Down-Up pattern). Two histone demethylases within this cluster, PHF8 and KDM3A, are post-transcriptionally regulated by c-MYC through miR-22, which targets both PHF8 and KDM3A...
September 28, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687199/feed-my-heart-or-eat-it-mir-22-decides
#14
EDITORIAL
Scot J Matkovich, Gerald W Dorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687198/preclinical-development-of-a-microrna-based-therapy-for-elderly-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#15
Shashi Kumar Gupta, Ariana Foinquinos, Sabrina Thum, Janet Remke, Karina Zimmer, Christophe Bauters, Pascal de Groote, Reinier A Boon, Leon J de Windt, Sebastian Preissl, Lutz Hein, Sandor Batkai, Florence Pinet, Thomas Thum
BACKGROUND: Aging populations show higher incidences of myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF). Cardiac remodeling post-MI leads to progressive impaired cardiac function caused by a disarray of several processes including derailed autophagy. Microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are known to be key players in cardiovascular disease but their involvement in cardiac autophagy and aging is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify new miRNA candidates that regulate cardiac autophagy and aging...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662840/ntrk2-is-an-oncogene-and-associated-with-microrna-22-regulation-in-human-gastric-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Jinhuai Hu, Yong Huang, Yuanhua Wu, Fengjun Liu, Dong Sun, Kexin Wang, Hui Qu
In this study, we examined the roles of neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 2 (NTRK2) gene in regulating in vitro proliferation and invasion in human gastric cancer. Gene expression of NTRK2 was compared between non-carcinoma gastric epithelial cells and gastric cancer (GC) cells by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). NTRK2 was either downregulated or upregulated in MKN-28 and SNU-719 cells. The effect of NTRK2 downregulation or upregulation on GC in vitro development was analyzed by qRT-PCR, western blot, proliferation assay, and invasion assay, respectively...
September 23, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631726/plasma-mir-22-3p-mir-642b-3p-and-mir-885-5p-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Neveen Abd El Moneim Hussein, Zenat A El Kholy, Medhat M Anwar, Mohamed A Ahmad, Shaymaa M Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (PC) by using sensitive and specific biomarkers is considered necessary. MiRNAs are master regulators of gene expression and several biological processes, and they are dysregulated in various cancers, where they play a vital role in either cancer progression or suppression. So, this study was designed to investigate the role of plasma miR-22-3p, miR-642b-3p and miR-885-5p expression as possible diagnostic markers in PC patients as compared to serum CA19-9...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631550/neuroprotective-role-of-microrna-22-in-a-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-cell-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-via-regulation-of-its-target-gene-trpm7
#18
Chao Ping Yang, Zhen Hua Zhang, Li Hua Zhang, Han Chen Rui
Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder with only symptomatic treatment available, is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. Ample evidence indicated that microRNAs (miRs) could regulate post-transcriptional gene expression and neuronal disease. In the present study, we have evaluated the effects and mechanism of miR-22 in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells treated with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) to mimic PD. RT-PCR results showed that the expression of miR-22 is downregulated in 6-OHDA-treated PC12 cells, and the overexpression of miR-22 significantly promoted the survival and proliferation of 6-OHDA-induced PC12 cells, whereas miR-22 inhibitor reversed these effects...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617961/the-pu-1-modulated-microrna-22-is-a-regulator-of-monocyte-macrophage-differentiation-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#19
Chao Shen, Ming-Tai Chen, Xin-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Lin Yin, Hong-Mei Ning, Rui Su, Hai-Shuang Lin, Li Song, Fang Wang, Yan-Ni Ma, Hua-Lu Zhao, Jia Yu, Jun-Wu Zhang
MicroRNA-22 (miR-22) is emerging as a critical regulator in organ development and various cancers. However, its role in normal hematopoiesis and leukaemogenesis remains unclear. Here, we detected its increased expression during monocyte/macrophage differentiation of HL-60, THP1 cells and CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, and confirmed that PU.1, a key transcriptional factor for monocyte/macrophage differentiation, is responsible for transcriptional activation of miR-22 during the differentiation. By gain- and loss-of-function experiments, we demonstrated that miR-22 promoted monocyte/macrophage differentiation, and MECOM (EVI1) mRNA is a direct target of miR-22 and MECOM (EVI1) functions as a negative regulator in the differentiation...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569277/nampt-regulates-senescence-proliferation-and-migration-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-through-the-sirt1-as-lncrna-mir-22-sirt1-pathway
#20
Guang-Feng Ming, Kai Wu, Kai Hu, Yao Chen, Jian Xiao
The importance of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in cardiovascular diseases has been demonstrated by numerous studies. Previous studies have shown that Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) plays a role in EPC development by regulating Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), but the specific mechanism has not yet been elucidated. After stimulating EPCs with NAMPT, expression of SIRT1 and SIRT1 antisense long non-coding RNA (AS lncRNA) was upregulated. Upon transfection of an SIRT1 AS lncRNA overexpression vector into EPCs, SIRT1 expression was upregulated...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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