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Emad Arafa, Philip A Bondzie, Kobra Rezazadeh, Rosana D Meyer, Edward Hartsough, Joel M Henderson, John H Schwartz, Vipul Chitalia, Nader Rahimi
Oxidative damage to renal tubular epithelial cells is a fundamental pathogenic mechanism implicated in both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases. Because epithelial cell survival influences the outcome of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases, identifying its molecular regulators could provide new insight into pathobiology and possible new therapeutic strategies for these diseases. We have identified transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain-containing 1 (TMIGD1) as a novel adhesion molecule, which is highly conserved in humans and other species...
October 2015: American Journal of Pathology
Darren L Roberts, Sarah T O'Dwyer, Peter L Stern, Andrew G Renehan
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare tumor of appendiceal origin. Treatment is major cytoreductive surgery but morbidity is high. PMP is considered chemo-resistant; its molecular biology is understudied; and presently, there is no platform for pre-clinical drug testing. Here, we performed exon array analysis from laser micro-dissected PMP tissue and normal colonic epithelia. The array analysis identified 27 up-regulated and 34 down-regulated genes: candidate up-regulated genes included SLC16A4, DSC3, Aldolase B, EPHX4, and ARHGAP24; candidate down-regulated genes were MS4A12, TMIGD1 and Caspase-5...
May 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Elisa Cattaneo, Endre Laczko, Federico Buffoli, Fausto Zorzi, Maria Antonia Bianco, Mirco Menigatti, Zdena Bartosova, Ritva Haider, Birgit Helmchen, Jacob Sabates-Bellver, Amit Tiwari, Josef Jiricny, Giancarlo Marra
Improved colonoscopy is revealing precancerous lesions that were frequently missed in the past, and ∼30% of those detected today have nonpolypoid morphologies ranging from slightly raised to depressed. To characterize these lesions molecularly, we assessed transcription of 23,768 genes in 42 precancerous lesions (25 slightly elevated nonpolypoid and 17 pedunculated polypoid), each with corresponding samples of normal mucosa. Nonpolypoid versus polypoid morphology explained most gene expression variance among samples; histology, size, and degree of dysplasia were also linked to specific patterns...
June 2011: EMBO Molecular Medicine
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