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Streptomyces hygroscopicus

Sandrine M A Lima, Janaína G S Melo, Gardênia C G Militão, Gláucia M S Lima, Maria do Carmo A Lima, Jaciana S Aguiar, Renata M Araújo, Raimundo Braz-Filho, Pascal Marchand, Janete M Araújo, Teresinha G Silva
Actinomycetes are known to produce numerous secondary bioactive metabolites of pharmaceutical interest. The purpose of this study was to isolate, characterize, and investigate the antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities of metabolites produced by Actinobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of Paullinia cupana. The Actinobacteria was identified as Streptomyces hygroscopicus ACTMS-9H. Based on a bioguided study, the methanolic biomass extract obtained from submerged cultivation had the most potent antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities...
October 18, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jinsong Feng, Jing Jiang, Yan Liu, Wei Li, Ramila Azat, Xiaodong Zheng, Wen-Wen Zhou
Validamycin A (Val-A) synthesized by Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008 is widely used as a high-efficient antibiotic to protect plants from sheath blight disease. A novel fermentation strategy was introduced to stimulate Val-A production by adding oxygen carriers. About 58 % increase in Val-A production was achieved using liquid paraffin. Further, biomass, carbon source, metabolic genes, and metabolic enzymes were studied. It was also found that the supplementation of liquid paraffin increased the medium dissolved oxygen and intracellular oxidative stress level...
October 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Wei Li, Jinsong Feng, Yan Liu, Jing Jiang, Xiaodong Zheng, Wen-Wen Zhou
Validamycin A (Val-A), produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008 in industrial fermentation, is one of the most widely used anti-fungal agro-antibiotics in Asia and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay is usually used to determine the production of Val-A. A new approach to determine Val-A by spectrophotometer is developed. During the fermentation of S. hygroscopicus 5008, a pigment secretion was found along with the Val-A biosynthesis. There was a stable relationship between the concentration of Val-A and spectral absorption (SA) value of this pigment at 450 nm, even in different fermentation cultures or conditions...
June 10, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Hisayuki Komaki, Natsuko Ichikawa, Akio Oguchi, Moriyuki Hamada, Tomohiko Tamura, Ken-Ichiro Suzuki, Nobuyuki Fujita
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of strain NBRC 16556, deposited as Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus into the NBRC culture collection. An average nucleotide identity analysis confirmed that the taxonomic identification is correct. The genome sequence will serve as a valuable reference for genome mining to search new secondary metabolites.
2016: Genome Announcements
Simona Granata, Alessandra Dalla Gassa, Amedeo Carraro, Matteo Brunelli, Giovanni Stallone, Antonio Lupo, Gianluigi Zaza
Sirolimus (SRL) and everolimus (EVR) are mammalian targets of rapamycin inhibitors (mTOR-I) largely employed in renal transplantation and oncology as immunosuppressive/antiproliferative agents. SRL was the first mTOR-I produced by the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus and approved for several medical purposes. EVR, derived from SRL, contains a 2-hydroxy-ethyl chain in the 40th position that makes the drug more hydrophilic than SRL and increases oral bioavailability. Their main mechanism of action is the inhibition of the mTOR complex 1 and the regulation of factors involved in a several crucial cellular functions including: protein synthesis, regulation of angiogenesis, lipid biosynthesis, mitochondrial biogenesis and function, cell cycle, and autophagy...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xibing Xu, Yulong Niu, Ke Liang, Guomin Shen, Qing Cao, Yi Yang
Prokaryotic ubiquitin-like protein (Pup) is a post-translational modifier that can be attached to substrate proteins in Actinobacteria. The modification process is defined as pupylation and is associated with proteasome-mediated protein degradation in mycobacteria and streptomycetes. Here, we report the pupylation of Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008 in vitro. Each component of the Pup system was expressed in Escherichia coli and poly-Pup chains were observed by western blot analysis. Though only one potential Pup substrate (SHJG_3659) was identified using MS/MS, we verified this candidate and other predicted substrates by a reconstituted Pup system in E...
May 20, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yu-Feng Liu, Jing-Jing Zhong, Ling Lin, Juan-Juan Liu, Yi-Guang Wang, Wei-Qing He, Zhao-Yong Yang
Thiazinogeldanamycin (2) was identified from Streptomyces hygroscopicus 17997 at the late stage of the fermentation. The pH was firstly proposed as an important factor in the biosynthesis of it. It was verified that 2 was produced by direct chemical reactions between geldanamycin (1, GDM) and cysteine or aminoethanethiol hydrochloride at pH > 7 in vitro. The proposed synthesis pathway for compound 2 was also discussed. Eleven new C-19-modified GDM derivatives, including five stable hydroquinone form derivatives, were synthesized, most of which exhibited desirable properties such as lower cytotoxicity, increased water solubility, and potent antitumor activity...
August 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Sang-Heon Lee, Hanna Choe, Kyung Sook Bae, Doo-Sang Park, Arshan Nasir, Kyung Mo Kim
Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. limoneus is a Gram-positive, aerobic, aerial mycelial, spore-forming bacterium that was first isolated from a soil sample in Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. We here report the complete genome of S. hygroscopicus subsp. limoneus KCTC 1717 (=KCCM 11405=IFO 12704=ATCC 21432), which consists of 10,537,932 bp (G+C content of 71.96%) with two linear chromosomes, 8983 protein-coding genes, 67 tRNAs and 6 rRNA operons. Genes related to biosynthesis of validamycin, valienamine and diverse secondary metabolites were detected in this genome...
February 10, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Young-Sook Kim, In-Kyoung Lee, Bong-Sik Yun
The use of microorganisms and their secreted molecules to prevent plant diseases is considered an attractive alternative and way to supplement synthetic fungicides for the management of plant diseases. Strain BS062 was selected based on its ability to inhibit the mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea, a major causal fungus of postharvest root rot of ginseng and strawberry gray mold disease. Strain BS062 was found to be closely related to Streptomyces hygroscopicus (99% similarity) on the basis of 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis...
September 2015: Mycobiology
O N Sineva, N G Kulikova, S N Filippova, L P Terekhova
The influence of storage of actinobacteria Streptomyces hygroscopicus RIA 1433T, Nonomuraea roseoviolacea subsp. carminata INA 4281 and Nonomuraea sp. INA 34-06 at extremely low temperatures (-70 degrees C) for 1.5 years was studied with respect to their viability and antibiotic activity. The spores of the actinobacteria preserved their high viability when freezed at a concentration of 10(5)-10(7) CFU/ml. As for the antibiotic activity against the test culture Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, the strains differed: the S...
2014: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Li Cui, Ying Zhu, Xiaoqing Guan, Zixin Deng, Linquan Bai, Yan Feng
The C7N aminocyclitol β-valienamine is a lead compound for the development of new biologically active β-glycosidase inhibitors as chemical chaperone therapeutic agents for lysosomal storage diseases. Its chemical synthesis is challenging due to the presence of multichiral centers in the structure. Herein, we took advantage of a heterogeneous aminotransferase with stereospecificity and designed a novel pathway for producing β-valienamine in Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008, a validamycin producer. The aminotransferase BtrR from Bacillus circulans was able to convert valienone to β-valienamine with an optical purity of up to >99...
January 15, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
Joshua A V Blodgett, Jun Kai Zhang, Xiaomin Yu, William W Metcalf
Natural products containing phosphonic or phosphinic acid functionalities often display potent biological activities with applications in medicine and agriculture. The herbicide phosphinothricin-tripeptide (PTT) was the first phosphinate natural product discovered, yet despite numerous studies, questions remain surrounding key transformations required for its biosynthesis. In particular, the enzymology required to convert phosphonoformate to carboxyphosphonoenolpyruvate and the mechanisms underlying phosphorus methylation remain poorly understood...
January 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
Surong Zhao, Hongmei Li, Chenchen Jiang, Tao Ma, Chengzhu Wu, Qiang Huo, Hao Liu
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an attractive therapeutic target. Geldanamycin (GA), the first identified Hsp90 inhibitor, exhibited potent antitumor activity, but possessed significant hepatotoxicity. To overcome the hepatotoxicity derived from the quinone structure of GA, a non-quinone GA derivative 17-demethoxy-reblastatin (17-DR) was obtained from a genetically modified strain of Streptomyces hygroscopicus. In the present study, we examined the anticancer effects of 17-DR on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines HepG2 and SMMC7721, and its underlying mechanisms...
October 2015: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Song Liu, Dan Wan, Miao Wang, Catherine Madzak, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen
BACKGROUND: Transglutaminases (TGase), synthesized as a zymogen (pro-TGase) in Streptomyces sp., are important enzymes in food industry. Due to the important applications of TGase in food industry, obtaining robust and food-safe TGase-producing strains has attracted much attention during the past decade. In this study, Streptomyces hygroscopicus pro-TGase was efficiently expressed and secreted by a food-grade host, Yarrowia lipolytica, without antibiotic markers. RESULTS: The pro-TGase gene was cloned into integrative vectors pINA1296 (monocopy) and pINA1297 (multicopy), and was used to transform the Y...
2015: BMC Biotechnology
Lisa S Mueller, Robert W Hoppe, Jenna M Ochsenwald, Robert T Berndt, Geoffrey B Severin, Alan W Schwabacher, Nicholas R Silvaggi
The acetoacetate decarboxylase-like superfamily (ADCSF) is a group of ~4000 enzymes that, until recently, was thought to be homogeneous in terms of the reaction catalyzed. Bioinformatic analysis shows that the ADCSF consists of up to seven families that differ primarily in their active site architectures. The soil-dwelling bacterium Streptomyces bingchenggensis BCW-1 produces an ADCSF enzyme of unknown function that shares a low level of sequence identity (~20%) with known acetoacetate decarboxylases (ADCs)...
June 30, 2015: Biochemistry
Jun Huang, An-Liang Chen, Hui Zhang, Zhen Yu, Mei-Hong Li, Na Li, Jia-Tan Lin, Hua Bai, Ji-Dong Wang, Yu-Guo Zheng
Avermectin (AVM) and ivermectin (IVM) are potent pesticides and acaricides which have been widely used during the past 30 years. As insect resistance to AVM and IVM is greatly increasing, alternatives are urgently needed. Here, we report two novel AVM derivatives, tenvermectin A (TVM A) and TVM B, which are considered a potential new generation of agricultural and veterinary drugs. The molecules of the TVMs were designed based on structure and pharmacological property comparisons among AVM, IVM, and milbemycin (MBM)...
August 15, 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Jun Huang, Jiatan Lin, Min Zhou, Hua Bai
OBJECTIVE: To construct a 5-oxomilbemycin producing strain by knocking out milF gene in Streptomyces hygroscopicus HS023. METHODS: Plasmid pMSST-ΔmilF was constructed and introduced into milbemycin industrial strain Streptomyces hygroscopicus HS023, and milF mutant F2-18 was selected by PCR amplification. RESULTS: Fermentation experiments showed that no milbemycins was produced in F2-18, but 5-ketomilbemycin, the intermediate of milbemycin, was obviously accumulated, and the fermentation titer was enhanced...
January 4, 2015: Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, Acta Microbiologica Sinica
Chengran Guan, Wenjing Cui, Xiaotian He, Xu Hu, Jun Xu, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen, Zhemin Zhou
Streptomyces is well known to be an attractive host for producing large amounts of proteins with potent biological activities into the culture supernatant. To expand its expression system, we constructed a novel expression plasmid for gene expression in Streptomyces by inserting the promoter (P(tg)) and the signal peptide (SP(tg)) of transglutaminase (TGase) from Streptomyces hygroscopicus WSH03-13 into vector pIJ86, followed by multiple cloning sites and a transcriptional terminator fd (fd-ter). The secretion capacity of the vector was further enhanced by optimizing the signal peptidase cleavage site and a rare codon of SP(tg), yielding expression vector pSG02...
September 2015: Protein Expression and Purification
Baohua Wang, Jiao Liu, Huanhuan Liu, Di Huang, Jianping Wen
Rapamycin is an important natural macrolide antibiotic with antifungal, immunosuppressive and anticancer activity produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. In this study, a mutant strain obtained by ultraviolet mutagenesis displayed higher rapamycin production capacity compared to the wild-type S. hygroscopicus ATCC 29253. To gain insights into the mechanism of rapamycin overproduction, comparative metabolic profiling between the wild-type and mutant strain was performed. A total of 86 metabolites were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
June 2015: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
He Huang, Shuang-Xi Ren, Sheng Yang, Hai-Feng Hu
The present study was designed to identify the difference between two rapamycin biosynthetic gene clusters from Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC29253 and Actinoplanes sp. N902-109 by comparing the sequence and organization of the gene clusters. The biosynthetic gene cluster for rapamycin in Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC29253 was reported in 1995. The second rapamycin producer, Actinoplanes sp. N902-109, which was isolated in 1995, could produce more rapamycin than Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC29253. The genomic map of Actinoplanes sp...
February 2015: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
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