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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107999/determination-of-sulfonamides-in-animal-tissues-by-modified-quechers-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#1
Ching-Hsuan Wen, Shu-Ling Lin, Ming-Ren Fuh
In this study, the salting-out solvent extraction and dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) clean-up steps in QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method were optimized to reduce matrix effect and efficiently extract target sulfonamides from a variety of edible animal tissues. The extracted sulfonamides were then analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Good extraction recoveries (74.0-100.3% in five different sources of animal tissues; n=3) with acceptable matrix effect (<10%, except for liver samples) were obtained using the proposed method...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107942/stereoselective-quantification-of-triticonazole-in-vegetables-by-supercritical-fluid-chromatography
#2
Qi Tan, Jun Fan, Ruiqi Gao, Rujian He, Tai Wang, Yaomou Zhang, Weiguang Zhang
A highly fast analytical method though supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) has been developed to quantify triticonazole enantiomers in cucumbers and tomatoes. Effects of organic modifier type and concentration on chiral separation and quantification of standard solution as well as matrix-matched standard solutions have been studied in detail. Among three organic modifiers, better separation of triticonazole racemate was achieved with 20% ethanol (v/v). The run time in SFC (ca 3min) with CO2-ethanol (80:20, v/v) as the mobile phase was six-fold shorter than HPLC analysis (about 18min)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107701/simultaneous-determination-of-amantadine-rimantadine-and-memantine-in-processed-products-chicken-tissues-and-eggs-by-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Yumi Tsuruoka, Takayuki Nakajima, Maki Kanda, Hiroshi Hayashi, Yoko Matsushima, Souichi Yoshikawa, Marie Nagata, Hiroshi Koike, Chieko Nagano, Kotaro Sekimura, Tsuneo Hashimoto, Ichiro Takano, Tetsuya Shindo
A simultaneous determination of amantadine, rimantadine, and memantine in processed products (deep-fried chicken, fried chicken, fried quail egg, and grilled chicken) with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed. This new method was also applicable for chicken tissue (muscle, liver, and gizzard) and eggs. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Kinetex(®) XB-C18 core-shell technology column using a mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in a 10mmol/L ammonium formate solution, resulting in the complete separation of isomers (rimantadine and memantine) and any other obstructive peaks from the sample matrices...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106339/determination-of-19-sulfonamides-residues-in-pork-samples-by-combining-quechers-with-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-followed-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#4
Xiaojing Li, Hong Yu, Rongfei Peng, Pingsheng Gan
A new simple and rapid pretreatment method for simultaneous determination of 19 sulfonamides in pork samples was developed through combining the QuEChERS method with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. The sample preparation involves extraction/partitioning with QuEChERS method followed by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction using tetrachloroethane as extractive solvent and the acetonitrile extract as dispersive solvent which obtained by QuEChERS...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099798/development-of-a-quechers-based-method-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-acidic-pesticides-their-esters-and-conjugates-following-alkaline-hydrolysis
#5
Angelika Steinborn, Lutz Alder, Madeleine Spitzke, Daniela Doerk, Michelangelo Anastassiades
An analytical procedure was developed allowing the simultaneous determination of acidic pesticides and their conjugates by addition of an alkaline hydrolysis step into the EU version of the QuEChERS method. The procedure resulted additionally in hydrolysis of most esters of phenoxy acids. Based on information from metabolism studies and the hydrolytic conditions employed in supervised field trials as well as results on the influence of physical and chemical parameters (temperature, time, type of solvent, type of matrix) alkaline hydrolysis for 30 min at 40 °C was deemed as a good compromise for the determination of residues of 2,4-D, dichlorprop, fluazifop, haloxyfop, MCPA and MCPB...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093672/influence-of-quechers-modifications-on-recovery-and-matrix-effect-during-the-multi-residue-pesticide-analysis-in-soil-by-gc-ms-ms-and-gc-ecd-npd
#6
Bożena Łozowicka, Ewa Rutkowska, Magdalena Jankowska
A QuEChERS extraction followed by GC/MS/MS and GC-μECD/NPD for 216 pesticide and metabolites determination in soil simultaneously were developed and compared. Volume of water, volume and polarity of solvent, and cleanup sorbents (C18, GCB, PSA) were optimized. The QuEChERS with and without purification step were applied to estimate effectiveness of the method. The recovery and matrix effect (ME) were critical parameters within each tested procedure. The optimal method without cleanup was validated. Accuracy (expressed as recovery), precision (expressed as RSD), linearity, LOQ, and uncertainty were determined...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090975/pesticide-residues-in-leafy-vegetables-and-human-health-risk-assessment-in-north-central-agricultural-areas-of-chile
#7
Sebastian Elgueta, Stella Moyano, Paulina Sepúlveda, Carlos Quiroz, Arturo Correa
To investigate pesticide residue concentrations and potential human health risk, a study was conducted in 118 leafy vegetable samples collected in 2014-2015 from the North Central agricultural areas of Chile. The pesticides residues were determined using the multiresidue QuEChERS method using gas chromatography as well as high-performance liquid chromatography. The results indicated that 27% of the total samples contained pesticide residues above the maximum residue limits of each active ingredient. The maximum estimated daily intake obtained for carbon disulphide (CS2), methamidophos, azoxystrobin and cypermethrin were 0...
January 16, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089066/evaluation-and-prevention-of-the-negative-matrix-effect-of-terpenoids-on-pesticides-in-apples-quantification-by-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
Géraldine Giacinti, Christine Raynaud, Sophie Capblancq, Valérie Simon
The sample matrix can enhance the gas chromatography signal of pesticide residues relative to that obtained with the same concentration of pesticide in solvent. This paper is related to negative matrix effects observed in coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ion trap (GC/MS(2)) quantification of pesticides in concentrated extracts of apple peel prepared by the Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) method. It is focused on the pesticides most frequently used on the apple varieties studied, throughout the crop cycle, right up to harvest, to combat pests and diseases and to improve fruit storage properties...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069166/evaluation-and-prevention-of-the-negative-matrix-effect-of-terpenoids-on-pesticides-in-apples-quantification-by-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#9
Géraldine Giacinti, Christine Raynaud, Sophie Capblancq, Valérie Simon
The sample matrix can enhance the gas chromatography signal of pesticide residues relative to that obtained with the same concentration of pesticide in solvent. This paper is related to negative matrix effects observed in coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ion trap (GC/MS(2)) quantification of pesticides in concentrated extracts of apple peel prepared by the Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) method. It is focused on the pesticides most frequently used on the apple varieties studied, throughout the crop cycle, right up to harvest, to combat pests and diseases and to improve fruit storage properties...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064506/simultaneous-analysis-of-3-mcpd-and-1-3-dcp-in-asian-style-sauces-using-quechers-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry
#10
Susan Genualdi, Patricia Nyman, Lowri DeJager
Acid hydrolyzed vegetable protein (aHVP) is used for flavoring a wide variety of foods and also in the production of nonfermented soy sauce. During the production of aHVP, chloropropanols including 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and 1,3 dichloropropane-2-ol (1,3-DCP) can be formed through the reaction of the hydrochloric acid catalyst and residual fat and the reaction of 3-MCPD with acetic acid, respectively. 3-MCPD is a carcinogen, and 1,3-DCP has been classified as a genotoxic carcinogen. The European Union (EU) has set a maximum concentration of 0...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056418/multiclass-pesticide-residue-analysis-in-fish-muscle-and-liver-on-one-step-extraction-cleanup-strategy-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#11
Piotr Kaczyński, Bożena Łozowicka, Maciej Perkowski, Julia Szabuńko
The analysis of pesticide residues in fish samples is challenging due to the low concentrations and large number of analytes that need to be monitored and quantified in a complex matrix. This is the first report providing a novel one-step extraction-cleanup strategy for simultaneous analysis of over 340 pesticides in a fatty fish and liver matrix, coupled with liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The samples of fish muscle and liver were prepared according to the modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) procedure, wherein the extraction and cleanup protocol were integrated into one step...
January 2, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043257/-quechers-pretreatment-method-for-determination-of-organophosphate-pesticide-and-raticide-in-whole-blood
#12
F Dong, H L Li, J Ma, B Zhou, Y Yu
Objective: To investigate the QuEChERS pretreatment method combined with on-line gel permeation chromatography-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GPC-GC/MS) for the determination of organophosphate pesticide and raticide in whole blood. Methods: The samples were pretreated with QuEChERS. A total of 1 ml acetonitrile was added to 1 ml whole blood sample for extraction, and 0.5 g sodium chloride was added. The mixture was oscillated for 15 seconds at a temperature of 4° C and centrifuged at a high speed of 12 000 r/min for 10 minutes...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040892/use-of-onion-extract-as-a-dairy-cattle-feed-supplement-monitoring-propyl-propane-thiosulfonate-as-a-marker-of-its-effect-on-milk-attributes
#13
Paloma Abad, Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares, Lidia Gil, Ana M García-Campaña
Onion extract is used as a feed supplement for the diet of dairy cows, acting as inhibitor of methane production; however, its properties could alter sensory attributes of milk. In this work, we propose a method to evaluate the influence of this extract on milk properties, using propyl propane thiosulfonate (PTSO) as a marker. PTSO is extracted using a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe procedure and monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. The method was applied to milk samples obtained from 100 dairy cows fed during 2 months with enriched feed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034504/revisiting-quechers-parameters-for-sample-preparation-in-pesticide-residue-analysis-of-lettuce-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#14
Fernanda Ribeiro Begnini Konatu, Márcia Cristina Breitkreitz, Isabel Cristina Sales Fontes Jardim
A new analytical method using a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) procedure for multi-residue determination of 16 multiclass pesticides in five different types of lettuce was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The QuEChERS procedure was optimized in terms of extractor solvent, partitioning salts and clean-up salts, through recovery, gravimetric analysis and matrix-effect studies. Microwave extraction and the use of disposable pipette extraction in the clean-up step were also tested, providing interesting alternatives to the traditional QuEChERS method, depending on the pesticides properties...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029127/organophosphorous-pesticide-detection-in-olive-oil-by-using-a-miniaturized-easy-to-use-and-cost-effective-biosensor-combined-with-quechers-for-sample-clean-up
#15
Fabiana Arduini, Matteo Forchielli, Viviana Scognamiglio, Kozitsina Alisa Nikolaevna, Danila Moscone
Herein, we report a portable electrochemical biosensor based on butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) immobilized on carbon black (CB)-modified screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) for the detection of organophosphorous pesticides in olive oil. The BChE/CB-SPE biosensor was developed to detect paraoxon in standard solutions as well as in olive oil samples previously treated with the QuEChERS method to extract pesticides from the whole fatty matrix. The biosensor shows a linear concentration range of between 20 and 100 ppb for paraoxon both in standard solutions (phosphate buffer 0...
December 24, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027941/analysis-of-pharmaceutical-adulterants-in-plant-food-supplements-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#16
Paula Paíga, Manuela J E Rodrigues, Manuela Correia, Joana S Amaral, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Cristina Delerue-Matos
A method based on the Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) extraction and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was successfully developed and validated for the analysis of 26 pharmaceutical compounds belonging to different therapeutic classes (anorexics, stimulants, anxiolytics, antidepressants and laxatives), which are all prone to be illegally added into weight-loss plant food supplements (PFS) for their pharmacological activity...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024812/occurrence-of-chlorotriazine-herbicides-and-their-transformation-products-in-arable-soils
#17
Kerstin E Scherr, Lucie Bielská, Petra Kosubová, Petra Dinisová, Martina Hvězdová, Zdeněk Šimek, Jakub Hofman
Chlorotriazine herbicides (CTs) are widely used pest control chemicals. In contrast to groundwater contamination, little attention has been given to the circumstances of residue formation of parent compounds and transformation products in soils. Seventy-five cultivated floodplain topsoils in the Czech Republic were sampled in early spring of 2015, corresponding to a minimum of six months (current-use terbuthylazine, TBA) and a up to a decade (banned atrazine, AT and simazine, SIM) after the last herbicide application...
December 23, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995654/simultaneous-detection-of-sulfoxaflor-and-its-metabolites-x11719474-and-x11721061-in-lettuce-using-a-modified-quechers-extraction-method-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#18
Sung-Woo Kim, Md Musfiqur Rahman, A M Abd El-Aty, Md Humayun Kabir, Tae Woong Na, Jeong-Heui Choi, Ho-Chul Shin, Jae-Han Shim
An analytical method has been developed to quantify the residual levels of sulfoxaflor and its metabolites (X11719474 and X11721061) in/on cultivated lettuce grown under greenhouse conditions. Samples were extracted and purified using a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe 'QuEChERS' method (original version) following systematic method optimization and were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Good linearity with coefficient of determination ≥0.9930 was obtained and the limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were in the ranges of 0...
November 5, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983693/quechers-purification-combined-with-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-simultaneous-quantification-of-25-mycotoxins-in-cereals
#19
Juan Sun, Weixi Li, Yan Zhang, Xuexu Hu, Li Wu, Bujun Wang
A method based on the QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) purification combined with ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), was optimized for the simultaneous quantification of 25 mycotoxins in cereals. Samples were extracted with a solution containing 80% acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid, and purified with QuEChERS before being separated by a C18 column. The mass spectrometry was conducted by using positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) models...
December 15, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981891/lc-ms-ms-methods-for-albendazole-analysis-in-feed-and-its-metabolite-residues-in-fish-fillet-and-a-leaching-study-in-feed-after-alternative-procedure-for-drug-incorporation
#20
Zenaís Busatto, Agnaldo Fernando Baldo da Silva, Osvaldo de Freitas, Jonas Augusto Rizzato Paschoal
This paper describes the development of analytical methods for the quantification of albendazole (ABZ) in fish feed and ABZ and its main known metabolites (albendazole sulfoxide, albendazole sulfone and albendazole aminosulfone) in fish fillet employing LC-MS/MS. In order to assess the reliability of the analytical methods, evaluation was undertaken as recommended by related guides proposed by the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture for analytical method validation. The calibration curve for ABZ quantification in feed showed adequate linearity (r > 0...
December 16, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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