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Weijia Zheng, Jin-A Park, Dan Zhang, A M Abd El-Aty, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Jeong-Min Choi, Jae-Han Shim, Byung-Joon Chang, Jin-Suk Kim, Ho-Chul Shin
A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction method coupled with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI(+)/MS-MS) was developed for quantification of fenobucarb residues in animal food products, such as porcine muscle, egg, and whole milk, and aquatic food products, such as eel, flatfish, and shrimp. Acetonitrile with the addition of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid was employed as an extraction solvent and was compared with acetonitrile alone and 0...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ülgen I Konak, Muharrem Certel, Bülent Şık, Timur Tongur
A high sensitive and reliable multiresidue method was developed and validated for determination of twelve sulfonamides and five acetylated metabolites in baby foods by using UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS. The sample preparation included two extraction methods as QuEChERS and ASE. The original QuEChERS method was performed, whereas ASE method was optimized to achieve the best recovery for all analytes. UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS parameters were optimized to obtain good retention and separation in LC and high sensitivity and selectivity in MS...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Khaoula Toumi, Laure Joly, Christiane Vleminckx, Bruno Schiffers
Flowers are frequently treated with pesticides and, as a result, florists handling daily a large number of flowers can be exposed to pesticide residues. A study was conducted among twenty volunteer florists located in Namur Province and in the Brussels Capital Region of Belgium in order to assess their potential dermal exposure to dislodgeable pesticide residues transferred from flowers to hands. Two pairs of cotton gloves were worn during two consecutive half days while handling flowers and preparing bouquets (from min 2 h to max 3 h/day)...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sara Romanelli, Francesca Bettazzi, Tania Martellini, Weilin L Shelver, Alessandra Cincinelli, Roberta Galarini, Ilaria Palchetti
A sample preparation method was evaluated for the determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in mussel samples, by using colorimetric and electrochemical immunoassay-based screening methods. Herein, a rapid procedure based on QuEChERS-like extraction approach followed by solid phase purification was optimized for PBDE extraction from mussel samples. The detection limits for colorimetric and electrochemical immunoassays, calculated as BDE-47 equivalent concentration, were 0.6ngg(-1) and 1.1ngg(-1), respectively...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
Fan Hou, Peipei Teng, Fengmao Liu, Wenzhuo Wang
Residue behaviors of tebuconazole and azoxystrobin in field condition and the variation of their residue levels during the boiling process were evaluated. The terminal residues of peanut kernels were determined by using a modified QuEChERS method (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) by means of the optimization of the novel purification procedure with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and Fe3O4-magnetic nanoparticle (Fe3O4-MNP) in the presence of an external magnetic field, and the terminal residues were all at trace level at harvest time...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yuesheng Qiu, Jie-Hua Chen, Weijun Yu, Pei Wang, Minxian Rong, Hong Deng
The QuEChERS sample preparation method and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry were employed to determine nine volatile N-nitrosamines (VNAs) in Chinese salted fish. This method was validated by considering calibration plot linearity, selectivity, matrix effects, trueness, precision, limits of quantification and specificity. Fifty-four samples of Chinese salted fish obtained from five provinces were analyzed. The results indicated that the concentrations of one VNA, N-nitrosodimethylamine in 57.4% of the samples exceeded the acceptable limit (the China national standard value of 4μgkg(-1)), and total VNA contents in 68...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yuan Qian, Haruna Matsumoto, Xiaoyu Liu, Shuying Li, Xiao Liang, Yanan Liu, Guonian Zhu, Mengcen Wang
In this study, a modified QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) method coupled with UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS analysis was developed to detect tebuthiuron in sugarcane fields and the surrounding aquatic ecosystems. Methodological validation showed the method developed was of favorable sensitivity, reproducibility and accuracy. For assessment of its dietary and ecological risks, dissipation and occurrence of tebuthiuron in situ were further investigated through a supervised field trial and an aquatic environment monitoring carried out in six dominant sugarcane production regions in South China...
May 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Manjusha Jadhav, Ahammed Shabeer Thekkumpurath, Mayura Nakade, Manasi Gadgil, Dasharath Oulkar, Ranjith Arimboor, Menon Ramakrishna, Kaushik Banerjee
A QuEChERS technique-based sample preparation method was optimized and validated in small cardamom to monitor the residues of 154 pesticides by LC with tandem MS. The proposed multiresidue method involved soaking powdered cardamom (2 g) in water (8 mL) for 30 min, followed by extraction with acetonitrile (10 mL). Cleanup by dispersive SPE was performed using primary secondary amine (25 mg/mL), C18 (25 mg/mL), and anhydrous magnesium sulfate (150 mg/mL). The method was validated as per the SANTE/11945/2015 guidelines at 5, 10, 50, and 100 ng/g spiking levels, and most of the analytes showed recoveries between 70 and 120% (with RSDs ≤20%)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
HongFang Lin, Bizhang Dong, JiYe Hu
In the environment, plants and animals in vivo, pesticides can be degraded or metabolized to form transformation products (TPs) or metabolites, which are even more toxic than parent pesticides. Hence, it was necessary to evaluate residue and risk of pesticides and their TPs (or metabolites). Here, a rapid, simple, and reliable method using QuEChERS and LC-MS/MS had been developed for simultaneous analysis of prothioconazole and its toxic metabolite, prothioconazole-desthio, in soil, wheat plant, straw, and grain...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Zhipeng Cheng, Fengshou Dong, Jun Xu, Xingang Liu, Xiaohu Wu, Zenglong Chen, Xinglu Pan, Jay Gan, Yongquan Zheng
This paper describes the application of atmospheric pressure gas chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of organophosphorus pesticides in apple, pear, tomato, cucumber and cabbage. Soft ionization with atmospheric pressure ionization source was compared with traditional electron impact ionization (EI). The sensitivity of GC coupled to atmospheric pressure ionization (APGC) for all the analytes was enhanced by 1.0-8.2 times. The ionization modes with atmospheric pressure ionization source was studied by comparing the charge-transfer and proton-transfer conditions...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Vera Homem, Inês Magalhães, Arminda Alves, Lúcia Santos
Synthetic musk compounds are widely used in the formulation of several cosmetics, personal care and household products. Due to their massive and widespread use, together with some health concerns, they are considered emerging pollutants and have been detected in different environmental compartments. This study focused on the evaluation of the concentration of synthetic musks (five nitro, five polycyclic and one macrocyclic musks) in beach sands, from Oporto coastal area (Portugal), contributing to the enhancement of the knowledge of levels, trends and behaviour of these compounds in this particular matrix...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Anshuman Srivastava, Satyajeet Rai, Ashish Kumar Sonker, Kajal Karsauliya, Chandra Prabha Pandey, Sheelendra Pratap Singh
Blood is one of the most assessable matrices for the determination of pesticide residue exposure in humans. Effective sample preparation/cleanup of biological samples is very important in the development of a sensitive, reproducible, and robust method. In the present study, a simple, cost-effective, and rapid gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 31 multiclass (organophosphates, organochlorines, and synthetic pyrethroids) pesticide residues in human plasma by means of a mini QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method...
April 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Yuhong Qin, Freedom Jatamunua, Jingru Zhang, Yanjie Li, Yongtao Han, Nan Zou, Jihao Shan, Yanbin Jiang, Canping Pan
The frequent use of various veterinary drugs could lead to residue bioaccumulation in animal tissues, which could cause dietary risks to human health. In order to quickly analyze the residues, a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for detecting Sulfonamides, Tilmicosin and Avermectins (AVMs) residues in animal samples. For sample preparation, modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) methods were used...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Zhenzhen Liu, Peipei Qi, Xiangyun Wang, Zhiwei Wang, Xiahong Xu, Wenxue Chen, Liyu Wu, Hu Zhang, Qiang Wang, Xinquan Wang
A facile, rapid sample pretreatment method was developed based on magnetic nanoparticles for multi-pesticides residue analysis of grains. Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles modified with 3-(N,N-diethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (Fe3O4-PSA) and commercial C18 were selected as the cleanup adsorbents to remove the target interferences of the matrix, such as fatty acids and non-polar compounds. Rice was used as the representative grain sample for method optimization. The amount of Fe3O4-PSA and C18 were systematically investigated for selecting the suitable purification conditions, and the simultaneous determination of 50 pesticides and 8 related metabolites in rice was established by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Piotr Kaczyński
A simple, sensitive and rapid method is proposed for simultaneous determination of 120 various classes of herbicides in oilseed samples. A one-step QuEChERS-based approach to extraction and cleanup has been developed. LC-MS/MS was used to evaluate the proposed sample treatment methodologies. The new one-step QuEChERS strategy was compared to other methodologies previously used for elimination of co-extracts from fatty matrices. For validation purposes, recovery studies were carried out at 5, 50 and 500µgkg(-1) levels for rapeseed, sunflower seeds and soybean...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ariel R Fontana, Rubén Bottini
In-vial filtration with dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE) clean-up of QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) extracts is proposed for the determination of ethylphenols (EPs) in red wines. Analytes were extracted from 5mL wine sample (previously alkalinized with 0.5% sodium hydroxide) using 5mL acetonitrile. For phase separation, 1.5g NaCl and 4g anhydrous MgSO4 were added. Then, a 0.5mL aliquot of the partitioned supernatant was cleaned-up using d-SPE and in-vial filtration with a combination of anhydrous CaCl2 (100mg) and primary-secondary amine (PSA, 25mg) as sorbents...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
K Hamamoto, K Iwatsuki, R Akama, R Koike
Many multiresidue methods for the determination of pesticides in vegetables and fruits have been reported to date. However, few such methods have been employed to investigate pesticide residues in animal tissue. In this study, an LC-MS/MS multiresidue method coupled with modified QuEChERS extraction was developed and validated for the investigation of eight pesticide residues: prallethrin (PR), resmethrin (RMT), imidacloprid (IMC), diflubenzuron (DFB), cyromazine (CYR), etofenprox (EFP), dinotefuran (DNT) and phthalthrin (PTLT)...
May 17, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Di Kang, Haizhen Zhang, Yuling Chen, Fei Wang, Lihong Shi, Deyu Hu, Kankan Zhang
An optimized quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method for the simultaneous determination of difenoconazole, trifloxystrobin and its metabolite trifloxystrobin acid residues in watermelon and soil was developed and validated by gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile (1% formic acid) and cleaned up by dispersive solid-phase extraction with octadecylsilane sorbent. The limit of quantification of the method was 0.01 mg/kg, and the limit of detection was 0...
April 12, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
A Taliansky-Chamudis, P Gómez-Ramírez, M León-Ortega, A J García-Fernández
Neonicotinoid pesticides have gained great interest in the last years both for agricultural and domestic use. Since the information on their environmental distribution or the effects derived from exposure to ecosystems and biota is scarce, new analytical techniques are being developed for monitoring studies. In this sense, two extraction techniques based on QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) methodology to detect the neonicotinoids authorised in Spain (acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, nitenpyram and thiamethoxam) were adapted and compared: a) using acetate buffer (AB); and b) using citrate buffer (CB)...
October 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Miguel Ángel González-Curbelo, Bárbara Socas-Rodríguez, Miguel Herrero, Antonio V Herrera-Herrera, Javier Hernández-Borges
The dissipation/degradation of the pesticides dimethoate, terbufos, disulfoton, and pirimiphos-methyl were evaluated in milled toasted maize and wheat flour (gofio) during three months of storage. Their dissipation kinetics and residual levels were determined, as well as their possible decomposition into some of their main transformation products (disulfoton sulfoxide, terbufos sulfone and disulfoton sulfone). For this purpose, pesticide-free milled toasted maize and wheat samples were spiked with the pesticides, and they were then stored in the darkness at ambient temperature in a closed container to simulate current storage conditions of such packed food...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
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