keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PDGFRβ

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810327/-acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-increased-eosinophils-and-pdgfr%C3%AE-mutation-in-one-case
#1
X Guo, S X Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757518/pathological-quantification-of-carotid-artery-plaque-instability-in-patients-undergoing-carotid-endarterectomy
#2
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Tohru Morita, Daisuke Hotta, Ryota Nomura, Yusuke Nakagaki, Takeo Murahashi, Kenji Kamiyama, Tetsuyuki Yoshimoto, Takeshi Aoki, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shinya Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Unstable atherosclerotic carotid plaques cause cerebral thromboemboli and ischemic events. However, this instability has not been pathologically quantified, so we sought to quantify it in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA).Methods and Results:Carotid plaques were collected during CEA from 67 symptomatic and 15 asymptomatic patients between May 2015 and August 2016. The specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and elastica-Masson. Immunohistochemistry was performed using an endothelial-specific antibody to CD31, CD 34 and PDGFRβ...
July 29, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752390/pdgfr%C3%AE-p2a-creer-t2-mice-a-genetic-tool-to-target-pericytes-in-angiogenesis
#3
Henar Cuervo, Brianna Pereira, Taliha Nadeem, Mika Lin, Frances Lee, Jan Kitajewski, Chyuan-Sheng Lin
Pericytes are essential mural cells distinguished by their association with small caliber blood vessels and the presence of a basement membrane shared with endothelial cells. Pericyte interaction with the endothelium plays an important role in angiogenesis; however, very few tools are currently available that allow for the targeting of pericytes in mouse models, limiting our ability to understand their biology. We have generated a novel mouse line expressing tamoxifen-inducible Cre-recombinase under the control of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor β promoter: PDGFRβ-P2A-CreER (T2) ...
July 27, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741407/pericytes-secrete-pro-regenerative-molecules-in-response-to-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb
#4
Abderahim Gaceb, Ilknur Özen, Thomas Padel, Marco Barbariga, Gesine Paul
Brain pericytes not only maintain the anatomical, biochemical and immune blood-brain barrier, but display features of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. MSCs have pro-regenerative properties attributed to their secretome. However, whether also brain pericytes possess such pro-regenerative capacities is largely unknown. Here we characterize the secretome and microvesicle (MV) release of human brain pericytes mediated by platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB)/PDGF receptor beta (PDGFRβ) signalling...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740549/targeted-delivery-to-tumor-associated-pericytes-via-an-affibody-with-high-affinity-for-pdgfr%C3%AE-enhances-the-in-vivo-antitumor-effects-of-human-trail
#5
Ze Tao, Hao Yang, Qiuxiao Shi, Qing Fan, Lin Wan, Xiaofeng Lu
Human tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (hTRAIL) has exhibited superior in vitro cytotoxicity in a variety of tumor cells. However, hTRAIL showed a disappointing anticancer effect in clinical trials, although hTRAIL-based regimens were well tolerated. One important reason might be that hTRAIL was largely trapped by its decoy receptors, which are ubiquitously expressed on normal cells. Tumor-targeted delivery might improve the tumor uptake and thus enhance the antitumor effect of hTRAIL...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711648/alteration-of-pdgfr%C3%AE-akt-mtor-pathway-signaling-in-fibrosarcomatous-transformation-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans
#6
Yuka Hiraki-Hotokebuchi, Yuichi Yamada, Kenichi Kohashi, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Makoto Endo, Nokitaka Setsu, Kuma Yuki, Takamichi Ito, Yukihide Iwamoto, Masutaka Furue, Yoshinao Oda
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a cutaneous mesenchymal tumor of intermediate malignancy and fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation. Fibrosarcomatous (FS) component is a high-grade component of DFSP. The detailed oncogenic difference between DFSP and FS components is not clear. We thus investigated the Akt-mTOR pathway in both components. We used 65 tumor samples obtained from 65 patients. The phosphorylation of Akt-mTOR pathway proteins (Akt, mTOR, 4EBP1, and S6RP) and PDGFRα/β was assessed by immunohistochemical staining, the results of which were confirmed by western blotting...
July 12, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708099/role-played-by-signalling-pathways-in-overcoming-braf-inhibitor-resistance-in-melanoma
#7
REVIEW
Xian Yang Chan, Alamdeep Singh, Narin Osman, Terrence J Piva
The discovery of the BRAF(V600E) mutation led to the development of vemurafenib (PLX4032), a selective BRAF inhibitor specific to the kinase, for the treatment of metastatic melanomas. However, initial success of the drug was dampened by the development of acquired resistance. Melanoma was shown to relapse in patients following treatment with vemurafenib which eventually led to patients' deaths. It has been proposed that mechanisms of resistance can be due to (1) reactivation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway via secondary mutations, amplification or activation of target kinase(s), (2) the bypass of oncogenic pathway via activation of alternative signalling pathways, (3) other uncharacterized mechanisms...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684344/inhibition-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-%C3%AE-reduces-reactive-glia-and-scar-formation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#8
Dan Pei, Nan Liu, Dan Li, Hongjing Yan, Qiu-Bo Wang, Yan Fang, Ling Xie, Hong-Peng Li
Brain injury leads to complex cellular and molecular interactions within the central nervous system. As the glial scar was a mechanical barrier to regeneration, inhibitory molecules in the forming scar and methods to overcome them have suggested molecular modification strategies to allow neuronal growth and functional regeneration. Here we investigated the roles of PDGFRβ signaling in regulating astrocyte reactivity and scar formation in mice following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The expression and distribution of phosphorylated PDGFRβ was analyzed, and its cell type-specific expression was verified with double labeling of astrocytes (GFAP), microglia (IBA1), oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPC) (NG2) and leukocytes (CD45)...
July 4, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661054/platelet-derived-growth-factor-regulates-yap-transcriptional-activity-via-src-family-kinase-dependent-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#9
Rory L Smoot, Nathan W Werneburg, Takaaki Sugihara, Matthew C Hernandez, Lin Yang, Christine Mehner, Rondell P Graham, Steven F Bronk, Mark J Truty, Gregory J Gores
The Hippo pathway effector YAP is implicated in the pathogenesis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The Hippo pathway relies on signaling cross talk for its regulation. Given the importance of platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) signaling in CCA biology, our aim was to examine potential YAP regulation by PDGFR. We employed human and mouse CCA specimens and cell lines for these studies. Initially, we confirmed upregulation of PDGFRβ and PDGFR ligands in human and mouse CCA specimens and cell lines. YAP, a transcriptional co-activator, was localized to the nucleus in human CCA specimens and a cell line, as well as patient derived xenografts (PDX)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649987/a-ppar%C3%AE-transcriptional-cascade-directs-adipose-progenitor-cell-niche-interaction-and-niche-expansion
#10
Yuwei Jiang, Daniel C Berry, Ayoung Jo, Wei Tang, Robert W Arpke, Michael Kyba, Jonathan M Graff
Adipose progenitor cells (APCs) reside in a vascular niche, located within the perivascular compartment of adipose tissue blood vessels. Yet, the signals and mechanisms that govern adipose vascular niche formation and APC niche interaction are unknown. Here we show that the assembly and maintenance of the adipose vascular niche is controlled by PPARγ acting within APCs. PPARγ triggers a molecular hierarchy that induces vascular sprouting, APC vessel niche affinity and APC vessel occupancy. Mechanistically, PPARγ transcriptionally activates PDGFRβ and VEGF...
June 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634350/a-subset-of-cerebrovascular-pericytes-originates-from-mature-macrophages-in-the-very-early-phase-of-vascular-development-in-cns
#11
Seiji Yamamoto, Masashi Muramatsu, Erika Azuma, Masashi Ikutani, Yoshinori Nagai, Hiroshi Sagara, Bon-Nyeo Koo, Satomi Kita, Erin O'Donnell, Tsuyoshi Osawa, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Ken-Ichi Takano, Mitsuko Dohmoto, Michiya Sugimori, Isao Usui, Yasuhide Watanabe, Noboru Hatakeyama, Takahiro Iwamoto, Issei Komuro, Kiyoshi Takatsu, Kazuyuki Tobe, Shumpei Niida, Naoyuki Matsuda, Masabumi Shibuya, Masakiyo Sasahara
Pericytes are believed to originate from either mesenchymal or neural crest cells. It has recently been reported that pericytes play important roles in the central nervous system (CNS) by regulating blood-brain barrier homeostasis and blood flow at the capillary level. However, the origin of CNS microvascular pericytes and the mechanism of their recruitment remain unknown. Here, we show a new source of cerebrovascular pericytes during neurogenesis. In the CNS of embryonic day 10.5 mouse embryos, CD31(+)F4/80(+) hematopoietic lineage cells were observed in the avascular region around the dorsal midline of the developing midbrain...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627746/hepatic-perivascular-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-myogenic-properties
#12
Sudheer Shenoy P, Bipasha Bose
Pericytes are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) located on the walls of blood vessels in various organs and are characterized as CD146(+) cells.. In this study, we have first immunohistochemically detected such pericytes in the perivascular regions of liver from two mouse genotypes namely wild-type (WT) and myostatin null (Mstn(-/-) ). We further isolated such pericytes using sorting as CD146(+) CD34(-) CD56(-) CD45(-) cells. The main finding of this study involve the contrasting -fibrogenic versus myogenic behavior of liver pericytes from WTMstn(-/-) ) mouse respectively...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610597/anti-connective-tissue-growth-factor-ctgf-ccn2-monoclonal-antibody-attenuates-skin-fibrosis-in-mice-models-of-systemic-sclerosis
#13
Katsunari Makino, Tomoko Makino, Lukasz Stawski, Kenneth E Lipson, Andrew Leask, Maria Trojanowska
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Although the involvement of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) has been well-documented in SSc fibrosis, the therapeutic potential of targeting CTGF in SSc has not been fully investigated. Our aim was to examine the therapeutic potential of CTGF blockade in a preclinical model of SSc using two approaches: smooth muscle cell fibroblast-specific deletion of CTGF (CTGF knockout (KO)) or a human anti-CTGF monoclonal antibody, FG-3019...
June 13, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605361/isolation-of-type-i-and-type-ii-pericytes-from-mouse-skeletal-muscles
#14
Abhijit Nirwane, Jyoti Gautam, Yao Yao
Pericytes are perivascular multipotent cells that show heterogeneity in different organs or even within the same tissue. In skeletal muscles, there are at least two pericyte subpopulations (called type I and type II), which express different molecular markers and have distinct differentiation capabilities. Using NG2-DsRed and Nestin-GFP double-transgenic mice, type I (NG2-DsRed(+)Nestin-GFP(-)) and type II (NG2-DsRed(+)Nestin-GFP(+)) pericytes have been successfully isolated. However, the availability of these double-transgenic mice prevents the widespread use of this purification method...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588623/angiogenic-capacity-of-dental-pulp-stem-cell-regulated-by-sdf-1%C3%AE-cxcr4-axis
#15
Hyun Nam, Gee-Hye Kim, Yoon-Kyung Bae, Da-Eun Jeong, Kyeung-Min Joo, Kyunghoon Lee, Sun-Ho Lee
Previously, the perivascular characteristics of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were reported, which suggested the potential application of DPSCs as perivascular cell source. In this study, we investigated whether DPSCs had angiogenic capacity by coinjection with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vivo; in addition, we determined the role of stromal cell-derived factor 1-α (SDF-1α) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) axis in the mutual interaction between DPSCs and HUVECs. Primarily isolated DPSCs showed mesenchymal stem cell- (MSC-) like characteristics...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578517/phosphate-transporters-expression-in-patients-with-primary-familial-brain-calcifications
#16
L F Pimentel, R R Lemos, J R Oliveira
Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC), formerly known as Fahr disease, is a rare neurological disorder characterized by extensive calcification deposits in the brain. So far, four genes have been reported with variations associated with PFBC, SLC20A2, PDGFβ, PDGFRβ, and XPR1. Using real-time qPCR, we analyzed the expression of three inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporters (SLC20A1, SLC20A2, and XPR1) in patients with PFBC. Our results showed a significant reduction (~40%) of SLC20A2 expression in the patients carrying mutation whereas no significant change was observed within the patients without known mutations...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567229/platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-positive-pericytic-cells-of-white-adipose-tissue-from-critical-limb-ischemia-patients-display-mesenchymal-stem-cell-like-properties
#17
Eo Jin Kim, Sang Gyo Seo, Hyuk Soo Shin, Doo Jae Lee, Ji Hye Kim, Dong Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: The pericytes in the blood vessel wall have recently been identified to be important in regulating vascular formation, stabilization, remodeling, and function. We isolated and identified pericyte-like platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta-positive (PDGFRβ+) cells from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue from critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients and investigated their potential as a reliable source of stem cells for cell-based therapy. METHODS: De-identified subcutaneous fat tissues were harvested after amputation in CLI patients...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564607/specification-and-diversification-of-pericytes-and-smooth-muscle-cells-from-mesenchymoangioblasts
#18
Akhilesh Kumar, Saritha Sandra D'Souza, Oleg V Moskvin, Huishi Toh, Bowen Wang, Jue Zhang, Scott Swanson, Lian-Wang Guo, James A Thomson, Igor I Slukvin
Elucidating the pathways that lead to vasculogenic cells, and being able to identify their progenitors and lineage-restricted cells, is critical to the establishment of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) models for vascular diseases and development of vascular therapies. Here, we find that mesoderm-derived pericytes (PCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) originate from a clonal mesenchymal progenitor mesenchymoangioblast (MB). In clonogenic cultures, MBs differentiate into primitive PDGFRβ(+)CD271(+)CD73(-) mesenchymal progenitors, which give rise to proliferative PCs, SMCs, and mesenchymal stem/stromal cells...
May 30, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561780/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-novel-2-pyrrolidone-fused-2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene-methylpyrrole-derivatives-as-potential-multi-target-tyrosine-kinase-receptor-inhibitors
#19
Ting-Hsuan Yang, Chun-I Lee, Wen-Hsin Huang, An-Rong Lee
Signaling pathways of VEGFs and PDGFs are crucial in tumor angiogenesis, which is essential in solid tumor progression and metastasis. This study reports our strategy for designing and synthesizing a series of novel 2-pyrrolidone-fused (2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)methylpyrrole derivatives as potential multi-target tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitors. The target compounds were obtained by condensation of 5-substituted oxindoles with N-substituted 2-pyrrolidone aldehyde 7 in satisfactory yields. Of these, 11 and 12 had the highest potency and, compared to sunitinib, showed: (1) significant increase in anti-proliferation of various cancer cells with a favorable selective index (SI); (2) higher inhibitory potency against both VEGFR-2 and PDGFRβ...
May 31, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558791/receptor-tyrosine-kinases-play-a-significant-role-in-human-oligodendrocyte-inflammation-and-cell-death-associated-with-the-lyme-disease-bacterium-borrelia-burgdorferi
#20
Geetha Parthasarathy, Mario T Philipp
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, human oligodendrocytes were demonstrated to undergo apoptosis in the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi under an inflammatory milieu. Subsequently, we determined that the MEK/ERK pathway played a significant role in triggering downstream inflammation as well as apoptosis. However, the identity of receptors triggered by exposure to B. burgdorferi and initiating signaling events was unknown. METHODS: In this study, we explored the role of several TLR and EGFR/FGFR/PDGFR tyrosine kinase pathways in inducing inflammation in the presence of B...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
keyword
keyword
119463
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"