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microRNA-214 inhibitor

Shahrooz Ghaderi, Neda Alidadiani, Jafar SoleimaniRad, Hamid R Heidari, Nafi Dilaver, Christian Heim, Martina Ramsperger-Gleixner, Behzad Baradaran, Michael Weyand
Ischemia/reperfusion injury is a tissue injury occurring post-reperfusion of tissues with pre-existing ischemia. A good blood supply to tissues aids in the survival of ischemic tissue, however, due to prolonged ischemia the levels of ATP decrease and pH declines leading to acidosis. Reduced ATP leads to an increase in the AMP/ATP ratio, causing cessation of intracellular calcium transport, hence calcium overload and cell death. In this study, we demonstrate the synergistic and antagonistic effect of DJ1 and microR-214 (miR-214) in rescuing myoblast C2C12 cells after ischemia/reperfusion in an in vitro model...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Hongdan Li, Haoqi Wang, Zhen Ren
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to explore the effects of microRNA-214-5p (miR-214-5p) on the invasion and migration of Hepatocellular Carcinoma cells (HCC). METHODS: Hepatocellular Carcinoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues from 44 hepatocellular carcinoma patients were prepared for this study. The HepG2 and BEL-7402 cells were transfected with miR-214-5p mimic and inhibitor. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the expressions of miR-214-5p. Transwell assays were used to detect the invasion and migration assays in HepG2 and BEL-7402 cells...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jiang Qiu, Gang Huang, Ning Na, Lizhong Chen
Postmenopausal osteoporosis (OPM) is a common type of osteoporosis in females. It is a systemic, chronic bone disease that presents as microstructure degradation of osseous tissue, decreased bone mineral density and increased osteopsathyrosis caused by hypoovarianism and reduced estrogen levels in the body following menopause. In the present study, the role of microRNA (miR)‑214‑5p in the regulation of the expression of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) was investigated, and its molecular mechanism of osteogenic induction in vitro was assessed...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhi-Fang Deng, Hui-Ling Zheng, Jian-Guo Chen, Yi Luo, Jun-Feng Xu, Gang Zhao, Jia-Jing Lu, Hou-Hong Li, Shuang-Qi Gao, Deng-Zheng Zhang, Ling-Qiang Zhu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Fang Wang
β-Catenin has been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD), which is associated with synaptic plasticity and dendritic arborization. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNAs containing about 22 nucleotides and involved in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological process, but their roles in MDD remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated the expression and function of miRNAs in the mouse model of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). The regulation of β-catenin by selected miRNA was validated by silico prediction, target gene luciferase reporter assay, and transfection experiment in neurons...
March 7, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Cecilia Nigro, Paola Mirra, Immacolata Prevenzano, Alessia Leone, Francesca Fiory, Michele Longo, Serena Cabaro, Francesco Oriente, Francesco Beguinot, Claudia Miele
Evidence has been provided linking microRNAs (miRNAs) and diabetic complications, by the regulation of molecular pathways, including insulin-signaling, involved in the pathophysiology of vascular dysfunction. Methylglyoxal (MGO) accumulates in diabetes and is associated with cardiovascular complications. This study aims to analyze the contribution of miRNAs in the MGO-induced damaging effect on insulin responsiveness in mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs). miRNA modulation was performed by transfection of specific miRNA mimics and inhibitors in MAECs, treated or not with MGO...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Eric James, Emily Van Doren, Chunmei Li, David L Kaplan
Silk-based bioresorbable medical devices, such as screws, plates and rods, have been under investigation due to their promising properties for orthopedic repairs. Options to functionalize these devices for enhanced control of bone regeneration would also exploit the compatible processing methods used to generate the devices. MicroRNAs are important regulators of bone maintenance and formation, and miRNA-based therapeutics have the potential to aid bone repair, utilizing a transient therapeutic approach with local bioactivity...
February 7, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Zhen-Fei Wang, Da-Guang Ma, Zhe Zhu, Yong-Ping Mu, Yong-Yan Yang, Li Feng, Hao Yang, Jun-Qing Liang, Yong-Yan Liu, Li Liu, Hai-Wen Lu
AIM: To investigate the inhibitory effect of astragaloside IV on the pathological functions of cancer-associated fibroblasts, and to explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Paired gastric normal fibroblast (GNF) and gastric cancer-associated fibroblast (GCAF) cultures were established from resected tissues. GCAFs were treated with vehicle control or different concentrations of astragaloside IV. Conditioned media were prepared from GNFs, GCAFs, control-treated GCAFs, and astragaloside IV-treated GCAFs, and used to culture BGC-823 human gastric cancer cells...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jing Liu, Weiyan Chen, Haiyan Zhang, Ting Liu, Lin Zhao
The present study aimed to investigate the potential role of microRNA (miR)-214 in targeting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-mediated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway in ovarian cancer (OC). The target gene of miR-214 was determined by luciferase reporter gene assay and was indicated to be PTEN. Human SK-OV-3 cells were transfected with a miR-214 inhibitor and a miR-214 mimic, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect relative expression of miR-214...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
J Wang, W-N Wang, S-B Xu, H Wu, B Dai, D-D Jian, M Yang, Y-T Wu, Q Feng, J-H Zhu, L Zhang, L Zhang
AIM: Endothelial cell injury assumes a fundamental part in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, and endothelial cell autophagy has protective effects on the development of atherosclerosis, although the underlying molecular regulation mechanism is indistinct. This study aimed to investigate whether microRNA-214-3p (miR-214-3p) is involved in the endothelial cell autophagy regulation of atherosclerosis. METHODS: We utilized ApoE-/- mice provided with a high-fat diet (HFD) as atherosclerosis model...
March 2018: Acta Physiologica
Jing Wu, Jiang Li, Wei-Kang Chen, Shang Liu, Jian-He Liu, Jing-Song Zhang, Ke-Wei Fang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated whether microRNA-214 (miR-214) targets mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) in the process of fibroblast differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) during pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with birth trauma. METHODS: The ADMSCs were isolated from 4-6 week male SD rats (n = 20) and were cultured and divided into the blank, miR-214 mimic negative control (NC), miR-214 mimic, miR-214 inhibitor NC, miR-214 inhibitor, empty vector, Mfn2 over-expression and miR-214 + Mfn2 over-expression groups...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jian-Wei Lv, Wei Wen, Chen Jiang, Qi-Bo Fu, Yin-Jun Gu, Ting-Ting Lv, Zhen-Dong Li, Wei Xue
Our study aims to investigate the roles that microRNA-214 (miR-214) plays in the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) process and the development of interstitial cystitis (IC) in postmenopausal women by targeting Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2). IC bladder tissues and adjacent normal bladder tissues were collected from postmenopausal women. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was conducted. The target relationship between miR-214 and Mfn2 was determined by a dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) were extracted from postmenopausal rats and assigned to the blank, mimics, miR-214 inhibitors, mimics negative control (NC), inhibitors NC, Mfn2 siRNA, miR-214 inhibitors and Mfn2 siRNA groups...
July 21, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Chi Zhang, Lizhu Yi, Shuangshuang Feng, Xueqin Liu, Jianguo Su, Li Lin, Jiagang Tu
Snakeheadvesiculovirus (SHVV), a new member of the family Rhabdoviridae, has caused enormous economic losses in snakehead fish culture during the past years in China; however, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of its pathogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in virus infection. In this study, we identified that SHVV infection downregulated miR-214 in striped snakehead (SSN-1) cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Notably, transfecting SSN-1 cells with miR-214 mimic significantly inhibitedSHVV replication, whereas miR-214 inhibitor promoted it, suggesting that miR-214 acted as a negative regulator of SHVV replication...
July 2017: Journal of General Virology
HaiTao Liu, Tao Yin, Wenjun Yan, Rui Si, Bo Wang, Mai Chen, Fei Li, Qiong Wang, Ling Tao
Hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension, which is characterized by vascular remodeling of blood vessels, is an important complication in COPD. In this study, we found that the expression of miR-214 was differentially expressed by screening 13 candidate miRNAs in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Additionally, using luciferase assay in PASMCs, we found that phosphatase-and-tensin homolog (PTEN) was a target of miR-214. Furthermore, the expression of PTEN was found to be substantially downregulated in PASMCs from COPD patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) compared with normal controls by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry, and Western blot...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Jing Ming, Jian Wang, Xu Ye, Hui Xu, Xing-Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effect of MicroRNA-214 (miR-214) on migration of umbilical cord blood CD34(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells induced by BM-MSC. METHODS: After transfection of the inhibitor or mimic of miR-214, the cultured supernatant of BM-MSC were collected respectively. The expression of miR-214 in BM-MSC was detected by real time quantitative PCR, the effect of supernatant on CD34(+) cell migration was evaluated by chemotaxis assays...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Reiko Saika, Hiroshi Sakuma, Daisuke Noto, Shuhei Yamaguchi, Takashi Yamamura, Sachiko Miyake
BACKGROUND: Microglia, as well as other tissue-resident macrophages, arise from yolk sac progenitors. Thus, it is likely that the central nervous system environment is critical for the acquisition of a distinct microglial phenotype. Several microRNAs that are enriched in the brain play crucial roles in brain development and may also play a role in the differentiation of microglia. METHODS: To track the differentiation of hematopoietic cells into microglia, lineage-negative bone marrow cells were co-cultured with astrocytes in the absence or presence of microRNAs or their inhibitors...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Fang-Yi Fan, Rui Deng, Hai Yi, Hao-Ping Sun, Yan Zeng, Guang-Cui He, Yi Su
T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-MEG3 is an important tumor suppressor in various cancers. The present study investigated the potential role of maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) in the progression of T-LBL. Suppressed expression of MEG3 was detected in T-LBL tissues compared with adjacent histologically normal tissues. Down-regulated level of MEG3 was also found in three T-LBL cell lines (CCRF-CEM, Jurkat and SUP-T1) compared with human T-cell line H9...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
Mingwen Che, Tiantian Shi, Shidong Feng, Huan Li, Xiaomin Zhang, Ning Feng, Weijuan Lou, Jianhua Dou, Guangbo Tang, Chen Huang, Guoshuang Xu, Qi Qian, Shiren Sun, Lijie He, Hanmin Wang
Serum response factor (SRF) was found to be involved in the phenotypic transition and fibrosis of the peritoneal membrane during treatment with peritoneal dialysis (PD), but the exact mechanism remains unclear. SRF regulates microRNAs (miRNAs) that contain the SRF-binding consensus (CArG) element in the promoter region. Therefore, we investigated whether the miR-199a/214 gene cluster, which contains a CArG element in its promoter, is directly regulated by SRF. High-glucose (HG) treatment significantly unregulated the expression of the miR-199a-5p/214-3p gene cluster in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs)...
August 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Jianmin Liu, Yan Li, Ming Luo, Zhi Yuan, Jian Liu
Osteoblasts and osteoclasts coordinate to monitor the dynamic osteogenic balance between bone formation and bone resorption. Hence, an investigation of the regulatory mechanisms underlying osteogenic osteoblast differentiation will provide more methods for bone repair and bone regeneration. In the present study, human osteoblast hFOB 1.19 cells were cultured. MicroRNA-214 (miR-214) expression significantly down-regulated during the osteogenic differentiation of hFOB 1.19 cells. In addition, miR-214 overexpression by miR-214 precursor transfection markedly inhibited the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen type I α1 (col1α1) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), which concomitantly decreased ALP activity and the number of mineralized nodules but promoted the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), an osteogenesis blocker...
February 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Yongzhi Guo, Lianhua Li, Jie Gao, Xiaobin Chen, Qinghua Sang
In this study, we sought to investigate the expression of microRNA (miR)-214 on the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and explore the possible underlying mechanisms. We found that the overexpression of miR‑214 effectively promoted the adipocyte differentiation of BMSCs in vitro, reduced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the gene expression of collagen type I (Col I), osteocalcin (OCN) and osteopontin (OPN) in the BMSCs. We further found that the overexpression of miR‑214 suppressed the protein expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF), phosphorylated c‑Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) and phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) in the BMSCs...
January 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Fatouma Alimirah, Xinjian Peng, Akash Gupta, Liang Yuan, JoEllen Welsh, Michele Cleary, Rajendra G Mehta
The vitamin D receptor (VDR), and its ligand 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) prevent breast cancer development and progression, yet the molecular mechanisms governing this are unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) on the other hand, promote or inhibit breast cancer growth. To understand how VDR regulates miRNAs, we compared miRNA expression of wild-type (WT) and VDR knockout (VDRKO) breast cancer cells by a Mouse Breast Cancer miRNA PCR array. Compared to VDR WT cells, expressions of miR-214, miR-199a-3p and miR-199a-5p of the miR-199a/miR-214 cluster were 42, 15, and 10 fold higher in VDRKO cells respectively...
November 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
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