keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Central airway obstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224726/a%C3%A4-rway-and-sleep-d%C3%A4-sorders-%C3%A4-n-pat%C3%A4-ents-w%C3%A4-th-acromegaly
#1
Onur Turan, Barış Akıncı, Ahmet Omer Ikız, Oya Itıl, Ibrahim Oztura, Emel Ada, Bahri Akdenız, Serkan Yener, Murat Kaya, Arzu Gedık, Abdurrahman Comlekcı
INTRODUCTION-OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a multisystemic disorder caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH). Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) such as sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) may occur in acromegaly. The aim of study was to assess the presence of sleep disorders and evaluate the systemic complications on respiratory, cardiovascular and upper airway systems in acromegalic patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 30 acromegaly outpatients. GH and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) measurements were obtained; body pletysmography, arterial blood gas analysis,tissue-doppler imaging,echocardiography,polysomnography,otorhinolaryngologic examination and head-neck computed tomography were performed...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197218/polysomnographic-findings-in-infants-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#2
Abdullah Khayat, Saadoun Bin-Hassan, Suhail Al-Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. It is commonly associated with the secondary cleft palate. Infants with PRS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluate the prevalence and severity of SDB in infants with PRS using polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190631/severe-esophageal-dilation-causing-central-airway-obstruction-a-rare-complication-of-lagb
#3
Michael R Freund, Ram M Spira, Petachia Reissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171878/antibacterial-defense-of-human-airway-epithelial-cells-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-induced-by-acute-exposure-to-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-modulation-by-cigarette-smoke
#4
Gimano D Amatngalim, Jasmijn A Schrumpf, Almira Henic, Esther Dronkers, Renate M Verhoosel, Soledad R Ordonez, Henk P Haagsman, Maria E Fuentes, Sriram Sridhar, Jamil Aarbiou, Richard A J Janssen, Annemarie N Lekkerkerker, Pieter S Hiemstra
Antimicrobial proteins and peptides (AMPs) are a central component of the antibacterial activity of airway epithelial cells. It has been proposed that a decrease in antibacterial lung defense contributes to an increased susceptibility to microbial infection in smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, whether reduced AMP expression in the epithelium contributes to this lower defense is largely unknown. We investigated the bacterial killing activity and expression of AMPs by air-liquid interface-cultured primary bronchial epithelial cells from COPD patients and non-COPD (ex-)smokers that were stimulated with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159090/management-of-sleep-apnea-syndromes-in-heart-failure
#5
REVIEW
Bernardo J Selim, Kannan Ramar
Central sleep apnea (CSA) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are prevalent in heart failure (HF) and associated with a worse prognosis. Nocturnal oxygen therapy may decrease CSA events, sympathetic tone, and improve left ventricular ejection fraction, although mortality benefit is unknown. Although treatment of OSA in patients with HF is recommended, therapy for CSA remains controversial. Continuous positive airway pressure use in HF-CSA may improve respiratory events, hemodynamics, and exercise capacity, but not mortality...
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144067/stenting-of-critical-tracheal-stenosis-with-adjuvant-cardio-pulmonary-bypass
#6
Himanshu Bhardwaj, Ahmed Awab, Houssein A Youness, Brent Brown
Severe and critical central airway obstruction causing impaired ventilation and/or oxygenation can impose tremendous challenges on the interventional pulmonologist. Near total airway obstruction can rapidly evolve into potentially fatal complete airway occlusion during bronchoscopic airway manipulation under moderate sedation; as well as during the induction of the general anesthesia. Although there are currently interventional pulmonary procedures available to tackle the critical airway obstruction in extreme situations, cardio-pulmonary bypass should be considered prior to the intervention to maintain the adequate gas exchange during the procedure...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143688/sleep-apnea-state-of-the-art
#7
REVIEW
Martin R Cowie
Many patient with, or at risk of, cardiovascular disease have sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which can be either obstructive (with intermittent collapse of the upper airway) or central (episodic loss of respiratory drive). SDB is associated with sleep disturbance, hypoxemia, hemodynamic changes, and sympathetic activation. Such patients have a worse prognosis than those without SDB. Mask-based therapies of positive airway pressure targeted at SDB can improve measures of sleep quality and partially normalize the sleep and respiratory physiology, but recent randomized trials of cardiovascular outcomes in SDB have either been neutral (obstructive sleep apnea) or suggested the possibility of harm, likely from increased sudden death, in central sleep apnea...
December 20, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126502/-therapeutic-alternatives-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#8
Frédéric Gagnadoux, Marie Jouvenot, Nicole Meslier, Pascaline Priou, Wocjiech Trzepizur
Oral appliance therapy (OAT) is the main therapeutic alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). OAT has been recommended as an appropriate first-line treatment option for moderate obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in patients without severe cardiovascular comorbidity. The lower efficacy of OAT in reducing sleep-disordered breathing could be offset by a higher compliance relative to CPAP, resulting in similar health outcomes in terms of sleepiness, neurobehavioral functioning, quality of life and blood pressure...
January 23, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123669/-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnea-in-network-respiratory-polygraphy-as-a-decentralization-strategy
#9
Eduardo Borsini, Magali Blanco, Martin Bosio, Di Tullio Fernando, Glenda Ernst, Alejandro Salvado
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is diagnosed through polysomnography (PSG) or respiratory polygraphy (RP). Self-administered home-based RP using devices with data transmission could facilitate diagnosis in distant populations. The purpose of this work was to describe a telemedicine initiative using RP in four satellite outpatient care clinics (OCC) of Buenos Aires Hospital Británico Central (HBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: OCC technicians were trained both in the use of RP...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116747/pneumococcal-vaccines-for-preventing-pneumonia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
REVIEW
Julia Ae Walters, Joanne Ngie Qing Tang, Phillippa Poole, Richard Wood-Baker
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease, especially pneumonia, as well as acute exacerbations with associated morbidity and healthcare costs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of injectable pneumococcal vaccination for preventing pneumonia in persons with COPD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Airways COPD Trials Register and the databases CENTRAL, MEDLINE and Embase, using prespecified terms...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100244/is-aclidinium-alone-or-combined-with-a-laba-a-rational-choice-for-symptomatic-copd-patients
#11
REVIEW
F Blasi, G W Canonica, M Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: As emphasized by international recommendations and largely confirmed by clinical experience, long-acting bronchodilators play a central role in the maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to their proven efficacy in reducing airflow obstruction and improving symptoms. MAIN BODY: There are some important aspects to define with regard to inhalation therapy for COPD, particularly those concerning the selection criteria and the optimal use of long-acting bronchodilators...
January 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079794/interventional-pulmonology-for-patients-with-central-airway-obstruction-an-8-year-institutional-experience
#12
Chia-Hung Chen, Biing-Ru Wu, Wen-Chien Cheng, Chih-Yu Chen, Wei-Chun Chen, Te-Chun Hsia, Wei-Chih Liao, Chih-Yen Tu, Wu-Huei Hsu
Patients with central airway obstruction (CAO) may need endobronchial intervention to relieve their symptoms. This report is on a single-center experience of using interventional bronchoscopy in terms of complications and survival. This retrospective study was conducted in a university hospital and involved 614 patients (464 men, 150 women; mean age, 60.2 years) with benign (n = 133) and malignant (n = 481) tracheobronchial disease who received 756 endobronchial intervention procedure during the period 2008 to 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077651/bromodomain-containing-4-brd4-couples-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-rela-with-airway-inflammation-and-the-irf-rig-i-amplification-loop-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#13
Bing Tian, Jun Yang, Yingxin Zhao, Teodora Ivanciuc, Hong Sun, Roberto P Garofalo, Allan R Brasier
: The airway mucosa expresses protective interferon (IFN) and inflammatory cytokines in response to Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection. In this study, we examine the role of bromodomain containing 4 (BRD4) in mediating this innate immune response in human small airway epithelial cells. We observe that RSV induces BRD4 to complex with NFκB/RelA. BRD4 is functionally required for expression of the NFκB-dependent inflammatory gene regulatory network (GRN), including the IFN Response Factor (IRFs)-1 and -7 that mediate a cross-talk pathway for RIG-I upregulation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043484/complete-postobstructive-lung-atelectasis-due-to-malignant-central-airway-obstruction-does-not-exclude-curative-chance
#14
Grigoris Stratakos, Anastasios Palamidas, Nikos Koufos, Charalambos Zisis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012784/positional-modification-techniques-for-supine-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Bradley A Edwards, Simon A Joosten, Matthew T Naughton, Garun S Hamilton, Eli Dabscheck
This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of positional modification techniques in preventing supine sleep, sleep-disordered breathing and other clinically important outcomes in patients with supine obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Randomized controlled trials comparing positional modification techniques with any other therapy or placebo were included. Electronic searches of databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science up to April 2016 were performed. Meta-analysis was undertaken where possible...
November 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012498/three-dimensional-imaging-forced-oscillation-technique-to-assess-position-dependent-airway-obstruction-in-relapsing-polychondritis-a-case-report
#16
Takahiro Kamada, Isao Ito, Yoshihiro Kanemitsu, Susumu Sato, Hisako Matsumoto, Akio Niimi, Michiaki Mishima
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is characterized by recurrent systemic inflammation of the cartilages and is accompanied by central airway collapse. We report a case wherein three-dimensional imaging of respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and respiratory system reactance (Xrs) by using MostGraph (CHEST M.I., Tokyo, Japan), a forced oscillation system, revealed that Rrs and Xrs in the inspiratory and expiratory phases correlated with proximal airway collapse. The degree of difference in Rrs and Xrs between the supine and sitting positions reflected airway collapse more closely than did the pulmonary function test...
January 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005835/our-experience-on-silicone-y-stent-for-severe-copd-complicated-with-expiratory-central-airway-collapse
#17
Mehmet A Ozgul, Erdogan Cetinkaya, Mustafa Cortuk, Sinem Iliaz, Elif Tanriverdi, Sule Gul, Guler Ozgul, Hilal Onaran, Kenan Abbasli, Huseyin E Dincer
BACKGROUND: Expiratory central airway collapse (ECAC) is abnormal central airway narrowing during expiration. ECAC involves 2 different pathophysiological entities as tracheobronchomalacia and excessive dynamic airway collapse (EDAC). Although the exact cause is unknown, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is frequently accompanied by ECAC. Although there are various publications on the relationship between COPD and ECAC, there are very few data for stent placement in patients with tracheobronchomalacia accompanied severe COPD...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998040/sleep-apnoea-in-heart-failure-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#18
REVIEW
Matthew T Naughton, Kirk Kee
Heart failure (HF) and sleep apnoea are common disorders which frequently coexist. Two main types of apnoea occur: one is obstructive which, through recurring episodes of snoring, hypoxaemia, large negative intra-thoracic pressures and arousals from sleep leading to downstream inflammatory and autonomic nervous system changes, is thought to be a causative factor to the development of systemic hypertension and HF. The other type of apnoea, Cheyne-Stokes respiration with central sleep apnoea (CSR-CSA), is characterized by an oscillatory pattern of ventilation with a prevailing hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia, often in the absence of significant hypoxaemia and snoring, and is thought to be a consequence of advanced HF-related low cardiac output, high sympathetic nervous system activation and pulmonary congestion...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990628/action-plans-with-brief-patient-education-for-exacerbations-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
REVIEW
Maxwell Howcroft, E Haydn Walters, Richard Wood-Baker, Julia Ae Walters
BACKGROUND: Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major driver of decline in health status and impose high costs on healthcare systems. Action plans offer a form of self-management that can be delivered in the outpatient setting to help individuals recognise and initiate early treatment for exacerbations, thereby reducing their impact. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects of an action plan for COPD exacerbations provided with a single short patient education component and without a comprehensive self-management programme versus usual care...
19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987505/-patient-related-independent-clinical-risk-factors-for-early-complications-following-interventional-pulmonology-procedures
#20
J J Huang, H Zhang, W Zhang, X Wang, Y H Gong, G F Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early complication rate and identify patient-related independent clinical risk factors for early complications in patients following interventional pulmonology procedures. METHODS: In the period from December 2014 to December 2015, sufficient data of Peking University First Hospital Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Department for analysis were identified in 218 subjects. Interventional pulmonology procedures were performed in all the patients...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
keyword
keyword
11945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"