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Argon plasma coagulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903032/-interventional-left-atrial-appendage-closure-in-a-patient-with-gave-syndrome
#1
Christian Fastner, Sebastian Belle, Ibrahim Akin
History and findings | A 56-year-old female with a gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) suffered from recurrent episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Because of a history of a permanent atrial fibrillation (CHA2DS2-VASc score 3 points) an oral anticoagulation therapy with phenprocoumon was carried out which even worsened the bleeding frequency and intensity. A change of medication to low-molecular weight heparin did not lead to success. The frequent periods in hospital limited the patient's quality of life...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894604/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-therapeutic-endoscopy-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding-secondary-to-angiodysplasias
#2
J Arribas Anta, C Zaera de la Fuente, R Martín Mateos, J A González Martín, A Cañete Ruiz, D Boixeda de Miquel, A Albillos Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasias are defined as vascular dilations that communicate capillaries and veins in the walls of the digestive tract. The clinical presentation of these lesions varies from chronic occult bleeding to severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to analyze lesion location, the efficacy of therapeutic endoscopy with argon plasma coagulation, and the factors associated with rebleeding in patients with gastrointestinal angiodysplasias...
November 25, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866907/radiofrequency-ablation-for-intraductal-extension-of-ampullary-neoplasms
#3
Tarun Rustagi, Shayan Irani, D Nageshwar Reddy, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Todd H Baron, Christopher J Gostout, Michael J Levy, John Martin, Bret T Petersen, Andrew Ross, Mark D Topazian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extension of ampullary adenomas into the common bile duct (CBD) or pancreatic duct (PD) may be difficult to treat endoscopically. We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in management of ampullary neoplasms with intraductal extension. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of all patients with intraductal extension of ampullary neoplasms treated with endoscopic RFA between February 2012 and June 2015...
November 17, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864873/hereditary-haemorrhagic-telangiectasia-to-transplant-or-not-to-transplant-is-there-a-right-time-for-liver-transplantation
#4
Yannick D Muller, Roland Oppliger, Romain Breguet, Philippe Meyer, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Pierre-Auguste Petignat, Thomas Harr, Eric Dayer, Jörg D Seebach
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia is characterized by arterio-venous malformations (AVM). It frequently involves the liver without clinical symptoms, but may lead to biliary ischaemia, portal hypertension, or fatal high-output heart failure. The indication of liver transplantation is controversial. METHODS: Herein, we report the case of a 65-year-old female patient with a 'double Osler syndrome' consisting of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and type I hereditary angioedema diagnosed at the age of 25 and 22 years respectively...
December 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862273/effects-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-on-human-stomach-tissue-an-ex-vivo-study
#5
Eun Jeong Gong, Ji Yong Ahn, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Young Soo Park, Hee Kyong Na, Kee Wook Jung, Do Hoon Kim, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Jin-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a safe alternative treatment for gastrointestinal neoplasms and precancerous lesions. However, the extent of thermal damage after APC is difficult to predict. We investigated the effects of APC on human stomach tissue. METHODS: APC was performed on 10 freshly resected human stomachs which were obtained after total gastrectomy. The effects on tissue were compared across power settings (40, 60, and 80 W), durations (5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 s), and between injection (submucosal injection of normal saline) and control (without injection) groups...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847061/endoscopic-repair-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-with-an-atrial-septal-occluder-device
#6
Alessandro Vivacqua, Dhananjay Malankar, Jay J Idrees, Thomas W Rice, Daniel P Raymond, Eric E Roselli
A 32-year-old woman presented with recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula. Although she had undergone open repair three times in her first year of life, a residual small leak was left. In the past 2 years she had experienced several lower respiratory tract infections and she had lost 5 kilograms in the past 2 months. Recent argon plasma coagulation cauterization and clipping of the fistula had failed, so an alternative technique with placement of an atrial septal occluder device was used to obliterate the fistula...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843428/a-rare-case-of-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-infiltrative-b-cell-lymphoma
#7
Adrienne Lenhart, Juan Fernandez-Castillo, Keith Mullins, Reena Salgia
Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830096/hemorrhage-from-extra-antral-gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-in-a-patient-with-duodenal-heterotopic-gastric-mucosa
#8
John Gubatan, Nathan Raines, Hasan Khosravi, Tracy L Challies, Tyler M Berzin
Gastric antral vascular ectasias (GAVE) have been increasingly recognized as an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia, although their underlying pathogenesis is not completely well understood. Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) has been reported to occur at various sites along the gastrointestinal tract and although relatively common, it is often asymptomatic. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman with a prior history of GAVE who developed melena and symptomatic anemia during her hospitalization following cardiac catheterization...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812446/successful-hemostasis-and-resection-of-a-bleeding-gastric-polyp-by-endoscopic-banding-ligation-in-a-uremic-patient-taking-antiplatelet-agent
#9
Ping-I Hsu, Kwok-Hung Lai, Feng-Woei Tsay, Jin-Shiung Cheng, E-Ming Wang, Rong-Jer Lai, Tsair-Fwu Lee
The modalities to treat bleeding polyps include electrocautery snare polypectomy, adrenaline injection, clipping, argon plasma coagulation and surgery. We hereby describe an endoscopic banding ligation method for the management of bleeding gastric polyp in a patient receiving antiplatelet therapy. A 66-year-old man presented with a five month-history of intermittent tarry stool passage, nausea and fatigue. He had a past history of peripheral arterial occlusive disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with end stage renal disease, and regularly took antiplatelet agent (ticlopidine 100 mg thrice daily) for cardiovascular prophylaxis...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811622/therapeutic-endoscopy-for-the-control-of-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-case-series
#10
Anna M Banc-Husu, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chadrasekhara, Gregory G Ginsberg, David L Jaffe, Michael L Kochman, Michael Rajala, Petar Mamula
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the most common indications for urgent endoscopy in the pediatric setting. The majority of these procedures are performed for control of variceal bleeding, with very few performed for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal (NVUGI) bleeding. The data on therapeutic endoscopy for NVUGI are very sparse. The aims of our study were to review our experience with NVUGI bleeding, describe technical aspects and outcomes of therapeutic endoscopy, and determine gastroenterology fellows' training opportunities according to the national training guidelines...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809887/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-stapled-j-pouch-ileoanal-canal-anastomotic-hemorrhage-by-argon-plasma-coagulation-a-case-report
#11
Takeshi Nishikawa, Keisuke Hata, Shuntaro Yoshida, Koji Murono, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazuhiko Koike, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Continuous lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage is a rare condition, but it often requires proper management. We report a case of a patient with gastrointestinal hemorrhage 18 years after stapled J-pouch ileoanal canal anastomosis who was successfully treated with argon plasma coagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 54-year-old Japanese man who had developed ulcerative colitis 28 years ago. A J-shaped ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with a double-staple technique was indicated 18 years ago when the patient became refractory to the conventional medication...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788023/argon-plasma-coagulation-combined-with-a-flexible-electronic-bronchoscope-for-treating-foreign-body-granulation-tissues-in-children-s-deep-bronchi-nine-case-reports
#12
Linhua Shu, Yijing Hu, Rong Wei
Deep bronchial obstruction in children caused by foreign bodies is a medical emergency frequently accompanied by the formation of granulation tissue in the airway mucosa, which is resected during removal of the foreign body. Argon plasma coagulation (APC), initially developed to achieve hemostasis in gastrointestinal bleeding during endoscopic procedures, is also used for interventional bronchoscopic therapies of malignant airway tumors. In this pilot study, we describe successful alternative resections of granulation tissues during foreign body removal by flexible bronchoscopy through concomitant APC applications in 9 children aged from 16 months to 4 years old...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752398/phlegmonous-gastritis-with-early-gastric-cancer
#13
Kyung Hee Kim, Chan Gyoo Kim, Young-Woo Kim, Hae Moon, Jee Eun Choi, Soo-Jeong Cho, Jong Yeul Lee, Il Ju Choi
Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the stomach wall, with a high mortality rate. Antibiotics with or without surgical treatment are required for treatment. We present a case in which phlegmonous gastritis occurred during the diagnostic evaluation of early gastric cancer. The patient showed improvement after antibiotic treatment, but attempted endoscopic submucosal dissection failed because of submucosal pus. We immediately applied argon plasma coagulation since surgical resection was also considered a high-risk procedure because of the submucosal pus and multiple comorbidities...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747278/efficacy-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-in-the-management-of-portal-hypertensive-gastropathy
#14
Amr Shaaban Hanafy, Amr Talaat El Hawary
Objectives: Evaluation of the outcome and experience in 2 years of management of portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) by argon plasma coagulation (APC) in a cohort of Egyptian cirrhotic patients. Methods: This study was conducted over a 2-year period from January 2011 to February 2013. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed to evaluate the degree and site of PHG. APC was applied to areas with mucosal vascular lesions. Results: In total, 200 cirrhotic patients were enrolled; 12 patients were excluded due to death (n = 6) caused by hepatic encephalopathy (n = 3), hepatorenal syndrome (n = 2), or chronic lymphatic leukemia (n = 1), or did not complete the treatment sessions (n = 6), so 188 patients completed the study...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744662/novel-therapeutic-strategies-in-the-management-of-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Ari Garber, Sunguk Jang
Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding, the most common etiology of which is peptic ulcer disease, remains a persistent challenge despite a reduction in both its incidence and mortality. Both pharmacologic and endoscopic techniques have been developed to achieve hemostasis, with varying degrees of success. Among the pharmacologic therapies, proton pump inhibitors remain the mainstay of treatment, as they reduce the risk of rebleeding and requirement for recurrent endoscopic evaluation. Tranexamic acid, a derivative of the amino acid lysine, is an antifibrinolytic agent whose role requires further investigation before application...
September 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663931/long-term-results-on-the-efficacy-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-for-patients-with-chronic-radiation-proctitis-after-conventionally-fractionated-dose-escalated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#16
Joseph Weiner, David Schwartz, Manuel Martinez, Joseph Safdieh, Ayse Aytaman, David Schreiber
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the efficacy and outcomes of argon plasma coagulation (APC) in the management of chronic radiation proctitis after conventionally fractionated, dose-escalated radiation therapy (≥7560 cGy). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts on all patients treated with external beam radiation therapy (minimum dose, 7560 cGy) for histologically confirmed prostate cancer at our institution from 2003 to 2011. Five hundred patients met these criteria; of these, 35 patients (7...
August 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610010/endoscopic-and-non-endoscopic-approaches-for-the-management-of-radiation-induced-rectal-bleeding
#17
REVIEW
Joseph Paul Weiner, Andrew Thomas Wong, David Schwartz, Manuel Martinez, Ayse Aytaman, David Schreiber
Pelvic radiation is a commonly utilized treatment for malignancy of the genitourinary and lower gastrointestinal tract. Radiation proctitis and the resultant clinical picture varies from asymptomatic to potentially life threatening. Similarly, treatment options also vary greatly, from medical therapy to surgical intervention. Commonly utilized medical therapy includes sucralfate enemas, antibiotics, 5-aminosalicylic acid derivatives, probiotics, antioxidants, short-chain fatty acids, formalin instillation and fractionated hyperbaric oxygen...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606042/performance-characteristics-of-retrograde-single-balloon-endoscopy-a-single-center-experience
#18
Kaci E Christian, Karan Kapoor, Eric M Goldberg
AIM: To evaluate the technical success, diagnostic yield (DY) and therapeutic potential of retrograde single balloon enteroscopy (rSBE). METHODS: A retrospective review of 136 rSBE procedures performed at a tertiary academic referral center from January 2006 and September 2013 was completed. Patient characteristics including age, gender and inpatient status were collected. The indication for the procedure was categorized into one of three groups: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), evaluation for Crohn's disease and abnormal imaging...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594885/tracheobronchial-amyloidosis-mimicking-tracheal-tumor
#19
Elif Tanrıverdi, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Oğuz Uzun, Şule Gül, Mustafa Çörtük, Zehra Yaşar, Murat Acat, Naciye Arda, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
Tracheobronchial amyloidosis is a rare presentation and accounts for about 1% of benign tumors in this area. The diagnosis of disease is delayed due to nonspecific pulmonary symptoms. Therapeutic approaches are required to control progressive pulmonary symptoms for most of the patients. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man admitted with progressive dyspnea to our institution for further evaluation and management. He was initially diagnosed with and underwent management for bronchial asthma for two years but had persistent symptoms despite optimal medical therapy...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572067/accuracy-of-diagnostic-demarcation-of-undifferentiated-type-early-gastric-cancer-for-magnifying-endoscopy-with-narrow-band-imaging-surgical-cases
#20
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Noriko Yamamoto, Tomoki Shimizu, Masami Omae, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Masahiro Igarashi, Hiroshi Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The usefulness of magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) in undifferentiated-type early gastric cancers (UD-type EGCs) is unclear. This study investigated the accuracy of ME-NBI in the diagnostic demarcation. METHODS: Among UD-type EGCs that were initially surgically resected between June 2011 and August 2014 in this hospital, 74 lesions were studied that were preoperatively diagnosed with white-light imaging (WLI) or endoscopic ultrasonography as lesions for which endoscopic treatment was not indicated and found to be early gastric cancers by postoperative pathology...
August 29, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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