Read by QxMD icon Read


Man Zhang, Rui Wang, Zhenqiang Shi, Xuelian Huang, Weifeng Zhao, Changsheng Zhao
A novel family of multi-responsive, tough, and reversible hydrogels were prepared by the combination of dipole-dipole interaction, hydrogen bonding interaction and slightly chemical cross-linking, using monomers of acrylonitrile, sodium allylsulfonate and itaconic acid. Reversible gel-sol transition was achieved by the flexible conversion of the dipole-dipole interactions between acrylonitrile-acrylonitrile and acrylonitrile-sodium thiocyanate, and the hydrogels could freely form desired shapes. The dipole-dipole and hydrogen bonding interactions improved the mechanical strength of the hydrogels with a compressive stress of 2...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Elena Geiser, Sandra K Przybilla, Meike Engel, Wiebke Kleineberg, Linda Büttner, Eda Sarikaya, Tim den Hartog, Jürgen Klankermayer, Walter Leitner, Michael Bölker, Lars M Blank, Nick Wierckx
The Ustilaginaceae family of smut fungi, especially Ustilago maydis, gained biotechnological interest over the last years, amongst others due to its ability to naturally produce the versatile bio-based building block itaconate. Along with itaconate, U. maydis also produces 2-hydroxyparaconate. The latter was proposed to be derived from itaconate, but the underlying biochemistry and associated genes were thus far unknown. Here, we confirm that 2-hydroxyparaconate is a secondary metabolite of U. maydis and propose an extension of U...
October 14, 2016: Metabolic Engineering
Martin Holm Rau, Patricia Calero, Rebecca M Lennen, Katherine S Long, Alex T Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Economically viable biobased production of bulk chemicals and biofuels typically requires high product titers. During microbial bioconversion this often leads to product toxicity, and tolerance is therefore a critical element in the engineering of production strains. RESULTS: Here, a systems biology approach was employed to understand the chemical stress response of Escherichia coli, including a genome-wide screen for mutants with increased fitness during chemical stress...
October 13, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Loredana Elena Nita, Aurica P Chiriac, Alina Diaconu, Nita Tudorachi, Liliana Mititelu-Tartau
Over the last 10 years, the development of intelligent biomaterials for medical and pharmaceutical applications has attracted growing interest by combining interdisciplinary efforts. Between them nanogels represent one of the most attractive carriers for innovative drug delivery systems. In the present investigation new variants of multi-responsive nanogels have been synthesized by crosslinking poly(itaconic anhydride-co-3,9-divinyl-2,4,8,10-tetraoxaspiro [5.5] undecane) copolymer (having different molar ratios between comonomers) with 1,12-dodecandiol...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Filippos Michopoulos, Niki Karagianni, Nichola M Whalley, Mike A Firth, Christoforos Nikolaou, Ian David Wilson, Susan E Critchlow, George Kollias, Georgios A Theodoridis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive, highly debilitating disease where early diagnosis, enabling rapid clinical intervention, would provide obvious benefits to patients, healthcare systems and society. Novel biomarkers that enable non-invasive early diagnosis of the onset and progression of the disease provide one route to achieving this goal. Here a metabolic profiling method has been applied to investigate disease development in the Tg197 arthritis mouse model. Hind limb extract profiling demonstrated clear differences in metabolic phenotypes between control (wild type), and Tg197 transgenic mice and highlighted raised concentrations of itaconic acid as a potential marker of the disease...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Xinyu Hu, Yongmei Wang, Liangliang Zhang, Man Xu, Wei Dong, Jianfa Zhang
Salecan is a novel water-soluble extracellular β-glucan and possesses excellent physicochemical and biological properties. Here, redox/pH dual stimuli-responsive hydrogel based on Salecan grafted with itaconic acid (IA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were prepared using disulfide-functionalized crosslinker N,N-bis(acryloyl)cystamine (BAC) for controlled drug delivery. The introduction of carboxylic groups endows the system with pH-sensitive character, swelling behavior of the hydrogel was conducted by changing the pH and Salecan content...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Elina K Palonen, Milla-Riina Neffling, Sheetal Raina, Annika Brandt, Tajalli Keshavarz, Jussi Meriluoto, Juhani Soini
Aspergillus terreus is an industrially important filamentous fungus producing a wide spectrum of secondary metabolites, including lovastatin and itaconic acid. It also produces butyrolactone I which has shown potential as an antitumour agent. Additionally, butyrolactone I has been implicated to have a regulating role in the secondary metabolism and morphology of A. terreus. In this study, a quantitative time-course liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS-MS) analysis of butyrolactone I is reported for the first time in nine-day long submerged cultures of A...
June 4, 2014: Microorganisms
Amparo Jiménez-Quero, Eric Pollet, Minjie Zhao, Eric Marchioni, Luc Averous, Vincent Phalip
The production of high-value chemicals from natural resources as alternative of petroleum-based products is currently expanding in parallel with biorefinery. The use of lignocellulosic biomass as raw material is promising to achieve economic and environmental sustainability. Filamentous fungi, particularly Aspergillus species, are already used industrially to produce organic acid as well as many enzymes. The production of lignocellulose degrading enzymes opens the possibility for direct fungal fermentation towards organic acids as itaconic and fumaric acids...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Kangqi Sun, Juhua Guo, Yufeng He, Pengfei Song, Yubing Xiong, Rong-Min Wang
Using feather keratin (FK) as a biocompatible and inexpensive biopolymer, a kind of dual-sensitive keratin-based polymer hydrogel (FK/PNiPA/PIAc-Gel) with interpenetrating network structure was prepared by two-step polymerization of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NiPA) and itaconic acid (IAc) in presence of crosslinker. After being characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy, its swelling behaviors and environmental sensitivity were investigated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Harding H Luan, Ruslan Medzhitov
Itaconate is a newly discovered mammalian metabolite bearing significant implications for our understanding of cellular immunometabolism and antimicrobial defense. Here, we explore recent findings regarding the role of itaconate in the innate immune response and highlight the emerging principle that metabolites can have distinct immunological functions independent of bioenergetics.
September 13, 2016: Cell Metabolism
S K Bajpai, Pooja Jyotishi, M Bajpai
In the present work, AgNPs loaded chitosan/poly(acrylamide-co-itaconic acid) inter-polyelectrolyte complex (IPC) films have been prepared for antimicrobial applications. The AgNPs-loaded IPC films have been characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Particle size of synthesized AgNPs was found to be in the range 10-30nm...
December 10, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Zeynep Altintas, Mohammed J Abdin, Alexander M Tothill, Kal Karim, Ibtisam E Tothill
Novel molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) were designed for endotoxin from Escherichia coli 0111:B4, using computational modeling. The screening process based on binding energy between endotoxin and each monomer was performed with 21 commonly used monomers, resulting in the selection of itaconic acid, methacrylic acid and acrylamide as functional monomers due to their strong binding interaction with the endotoxin template. The nanoMIPs were successfully synthesized with functional groups on the outer surface to aid in the immobilization onto sensor surface...
September 7, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Abeer H Hossain, An Li, Anja Brickwedde, Lars Wilms, Martien Caspers, Karin Overkamp, Peter J Punt
BACKGROUND: The industrially relevant filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is widely used in industry for its secretion capabilities of enzymes and organic acids. Biotechnologically produced organic acids promise to be an attractive alternative for the chemical industry to replace petrochemicals. Itaconic acid (IA) has been identified as one of the top twelve building block chemicals which have high potential to be produced by biotechnological means. The IA biosynthesis cluster (cadA, mttA and mfsA) has been elucidated in its natural producer Aspergillus terreus and transferred to A...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
(no author information available yet)
Every month the editors of Cell Chemical Biology bring you highlights of the most recent chemical biology literature. Our July 2016 selection includes reports on itaconate as a key metabolite that regulates inflammation, visualization of microRNA in living zebrafish embryos, and the development of a promising SHP2 inhibitor.
July 21, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
Vicky Lampropoulou, Alexey Sergushichev, Monika Bambouskova, Sharmila Nair, Emma E Vincent, Ekaterina Loginicheva, Luisa Cervantes-Barragan, Xiucui Ma, Stanley Ching-Cheng Huang, Takla Griss, Carla J Weinheimer, Shabaana Khader, Gwendalyn J Randolph, Edward J Pearce, Russell G Jones, Abhinav Diwan, Michael S Diamond, Maxim N Artyomov
Remodeling of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is a metabolic adaptation accompanying inflammatory macrophage activation. During this process, endogenous metabolites can adopt regulatory roles that govern specific aspects of inflammatory response, as recently shown for succinate, which regulates the pro-inflammatory IL-1β-HIF-1α axis. Itaconate is one of the most highly induced metabolites in activated macrophages, yet its functional significance remains unknown. Here, we show that itaconate modulates macrophage metabolism and effector functions by inhibiting succinate dehydrogenase-mediated oxidation of succinate...
July 12, 2016: Cell Metabolism
Amparo Jiménez-Quero, Eric Pollet, Minjie Zhao, Eric Marchioni, Luc Avérous, Vincent Phalip
Itaconic acid (IA) is a dicarboxylic acid included in the US Department of Energy's (DOE) 2004 list of the most promising chemical platforms derived from sugars. IA is produced industrially using liquid-state fermentation (LSF) by Aspergillus terreus with glucose as the carbon source. To utilize IA production in renewable resource-based biorefinery, the present study investigated the use of lignocellulosic biomass as a carbon source for LSF. We also investigated the production of fumaric acid (FA), which is also on the DOE's list...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Björn-Johannes Harder, Katja Bettenbrock, Steffen Klamt
Itaconic acid is a high potential platform chemical which is currently industrially produced by Aspergillus terreus. Heterologous production of itaconic acid with Escherichia coli could help to overcome limitations of A. terreus regarding slow growth and high sensitivity to oxygen supply. However, the performance achieved so far with E. coli strains is still low. We introduced a plasmid (pCadCS) carrying genes for itaconic acid production into E. coli and applied a model-based approach to construct a high yield producer strain...
June 3, 2016: Metabolic Engineering
Xuenian Huang, Mei Chen, Jianjun Li, Xuefeng Lu
OBJECTIVES: To develop an efficient gene-targeting platform in an excellent itaconic acid producing strain Aspergillus terreus CICC40205. RESULTS: The frequency of homologous recombination was improved by deleting the ku80 gene. A nutritional transformation system based on the bidirectionally selectable marker, pyrG An , was established in the ku80-/pyrG-double mutant which is convenient for following marker rescue. The modified Cre/loxP recombination system was applied for the excision of the pyrG An marker by directly introducing Cre recombinase into the protoplasts...
September 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Fabien Hammerer, Justin H Chang, Dustin Duncan, Angel Castañeda Ruiz, Karine Auclair
In the context of increasing global antibiotic resistance, the need for alternative therapeutic targets is great. Although new antibiotics and resistance inhibitors provide temporary solutions, they are bound to become obsolete. In this work, we propose a new approach, coined "bacterio-modulation" that aims to restore macrophage potency towards bacterial strains that are able to survive in phagolysosomes. One key defense in the macrophage's arsenal is itaconate, an endogenous molecule with antimicrobial activity...
August 17, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Ke Ren, Yuanzi Lv, Yujie Zhuo, Changmai Chen, Hengfei Shi, Lin Guo, Guang Yang, Yayi Hou, Ren Xiang Tan, Erguang Li
UNLABELLED: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a common cause of lower respiratory tract illness in infants and children. RSV is a negative-sense, single-strand RNA (ssRNA) virus that mainly infects airway epithelial cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is a major factor for pulmonary inflammation and tissue damage of RSV disease. We investigated immune-responsive gene-1 (IRG1) expression during RSV infection, since IRG1 has been shown to mediate innate immune response to intracellular bacterial pathogens by modulating ROS and itaconic acid production...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"