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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687077/joint-analysis-of-left-ventricular-expression-and-circulating-plasma-levels-of-omentin-after-myocardial-ischemia
#1
Louis A Saddic, Sarah M Nicoloro, Olga T Gupta, Michael P Czech, Joshua Gorham, Stanton K Shernan, Christine E Seidman, Jon G Seidman, Sary F Aranki, Simon C Body, Timothy P Fitzgibbons, Jochen D Muehlschlegel
BACKGROUND: Omentin-1, also known as Intelectin-1 (ITLN1), is an adipokine with plasma levels associated with diabetes, obesity, and coronary artery disease. Recent studies suggest that ITLN1 can mitigate myocardial ischemic injury but the expression of ITLN1 in the heart itself has not been well characterized. The purpose of this study is to discern the relationship between the expression pattern of ITLN1 RNA in the human heart and the level of circulating ITLN1 protein in plasma from the same patients following myocardial ischemia...
July 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673451/a-prospective-proteomics-study-identified-potential-biomarkers-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-in-peritoneal-effluent
#2
Vasileios Zavvos, Anthony T Buxton, Caroline Evans, Mark Lambie, Simon J Davies, Nicholas Topley, Martin Wilkie, Angela Summers, Paul Brenchley, Dimitrios S Goumenos, Timothy S Johnson
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a potentially devastating complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Diagnosis is often delayed due to the lack of effective and accurate diagnostic tools. We therefore examined peritoneal effluent for potential biomarkers that could predict or confirm the diagnosis of EPS and would be valuable in stratifying at-risk patients and driving appropriate interventions. Using prospectively collected samples from the Global Fluid Study and a cohort of Greek PD patients, we utilized 2D SDSPAGE/ MS and iTRAQ to identify changes in the peritoneal effluent proteome from patients diagnosed with EPS and controls matched for treatment exposure...
July 1, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656472/shared-hemocyte-and-intestine-dominant-expression-profiles-of-intelectin-genes-in-ascidian-ciona-intestinalis-insight-into-the-evolution-of-the-innate-immune-system-in-chordates
#3
Minoru Hayashibe, Satoshi Nakayama, Michio Ogasawara
Intelectin is a soluble lectin known as a pattern-recognition receptor for the innate immune system or as an intestinal lactoferrin receptor. Intelectin genes have been identified in a wide range of chordates and the shared expression pattern in their absorptive intestinal regions has been widely recognized. The chordate intelectins have a shared domain structure with a fibrinogen-related domain and an intelectin domain and an additional sequence has been reported only in ascidian Ciona intestinalis intelectins...
June 27, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640441/adipose-tissue-derived-omentin-1-function-and-regulation
#4
Takuya Watanabe, Kaho Watanabe-Kominato, Yui Takahashi, Miho Kojima, Rena Watanabe
Omentin-1, also known as intelectin-1, is a recently identified novel adipocytokine of 313 amino acids, which is expressed in visceral (omental and epicardial) fat as well as mesothelial cells, vascular cells, airway goblet cells, small intestine, colon, ovary, and plasma. The level of omentin-1 expression in (pre)adipocytes is decreased by glucose/insulin and stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-21 and dexamethasone. Several lines of experimental evidence have shown that omentin-1 plays crucial roles in the maintenance of body metabolism and insulin sensitivity, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, and cardiovascular protective effects via AMP-activated protein kinase/Akt/nuclear factor-κB/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK, JNK, and p38) signaling...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591806/quantitative-proteomics-of-intestinal-mucosa-from-male-mice-lacking-intestinal-epithelial-insulin-receptors
#5
Stina Rikke Jensen, Erwin M Schoof, Sarah E Wheeler, Henning Hvid, Jonas Ahnfelt-Rønne, Bo Falck Hansen, Erica Nishimura, Grith Skytte Olsen, Thomas Kislinger, Patricia L Brubaker
The goal of the present study was to determine whether loss of the insulin receptor alters the molecular landscape of the intestinal mucosa, using intestinal-epithelial insulin receptor knockout (IE-irKO) mice and both genetic (IRfl/fl and Villin-cre) controls. Quantitative proteomic analysis by Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) was applied to jejunal and colonic mucosa from mice fed a chow- or Western diet (WD). Jejunal mucosa from IE-irKO mice demonstrated alterations in all intestinal cell linages, Paneth, goblet, absorptive and enteroendocrine cells, whereas only goblet and absorptive cells were affected in the colon...
June 7, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482337/recognition-of-microbial-glycans-by-soluble-human-lectins
#6
REVIEW
Darryl A Wesener, Amanda Dugan, Laura L Kiessling
Human innate immune lectins that recognize microbial glycans can conduct microbial surveillance and thereby help prevent infection. Structural analysis of soluble lectins has provided invaluable insight into how these proteins recognize their cognate carbohydrate ligands and how this recognition gives rise to biological function. In this opinion, we cover the structural features of lectins that allow them to mediate microbial recognition, highlighting examples from the collectin, Reg protein, galectin, pentraxin, ficolin and intelectin families...
May 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422056/adiponectin-and-intelectin-1-important-adipokine-players-in-obesity-related-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#7
REVIEW
Keisuke Kawashima, Kenichi Maeda, Chiemi Saigo, Yusuke Kito, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tamotsu Takeuchi
Overweight is believed to be associated with colorectal cancer risk. Adipose tissue is loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. It is now recognized as a major endocrine organ, secreting humoral factors collectively called adipokines. Aberrant hormonal systems consisting of modulated adipokines and their receptors are thought to play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis and cancer progression in obese conditions. However, it is still unclear whether and how each adipokine relates to colorectal carcinogenesis...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394802/identification-of-dab2-and-intelectin-1-as-novel-positive-immunohistochemical-markers-of-epithelioid-mesothelioma-by-transcriptome-microarray-analysis-for-its-differentiation-from-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma
#8
Masatsugu Kuraoka, Vishwa J Amatya, Kei Kushitani, Amany S Mawas, Yoshihiro Miyata, Morihito Okada, Takumi Kishimoto, Kouki Inai, Takashi Nishisaka, Taijiro Sueda, Yukio Takeshima
As there are currently no absolute immunohistochemical positive markers for the definite diagnosis of malignant epithelioid mesothelioma, the identification of additional "positive" markers that may facilitate this diagnosis becomes of clinical importance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify novel positive markers of malignant mesothelioma. Whole genome gene expression analysis was performed using RNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of epithelioid mesothelioma and pulmonary adenocarcinoma...
August 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224996/intelectin-contributes-to-allergen-induced-il-25-il-33-and-tslp-expression-and-type-2-response-in-asthma-and-atopic-dermatitis
#9
L Yi, D Cheng, K Zhang, X Huo, Y Mo, H Shi, H Di, Y Zou, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Xu, D J Erle, G Zhen
The epithelial and epidermal innate cytokines IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) have pivotal roles in the initiation of allergic inflammation in asthma and atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the mechanism by which the expression of these innate cytokines is regulated remains unclear. Intelectin (ITLN) is expressed in airway epithelial cells and promotes allergic airway inflammation. We hypothesized that ITLN is required for allergen-induced IL-25, IL-33, and TSLP expression. In two asthma models, Itln knockdown reduced allergen-induced increases in Il-25, Il-33, and Tslp and development of type 2 response, eosinophilic inflammation, mucus overproduction, and airway hyperresponsiveness...
February 22, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075616/role-of-cxc-chemokine-receptor-type-4-as-a-lactoferrin-receptor
#10
Yoshiharu Takayama, Reiji Aoki, Ryo Uchida, Atsushi Tajima, Ayako Aoki-Yoshida
Lactoferrin exerts its biological activities by interacting with receptors on target cells, including LDL receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1/CD91), intelectin-1 (omentin-1), and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). However, the effects mediated by these receptors are not sufficient to fully explain the many functions of lactoferrin. C-X-C-motif cytokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is a ubiquitously expressed G-protein coupled receptor for stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12). Lactoferrin was found to be as capable as SDF-1 in blocking infection by an HIV variant that uses CXCR4 as a co-receptor (X4-tropic HIV), suggesting that lactoferrin interacts with CXCR4...
February 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017903/characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-an-intelectin-gene-from-megalobrama-amblycephala-with-excellent-bacterial-binding-and-agglutination-activity
#11
Zhujin Ding, Xiaoheng Zhao, Qifeng Zhan, Lei Cui, Qianhui Sun, Li Lin, Weimin Wang, Hong Liu
Intelectin is a recently discovered lectin that plays vital roles in the innate immune response, iron metabolism and early embryogenesis. The structure, expression pattern and function of intelectin in mammals and amphibians have been well studied, while not well known in fish. In this study, we cloned a intelectin (MamINTL) gene from blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala), examined its expression patterns and explored its roles in innate immune response. The MamINTL cDNA encoded 312 amino acids, with a pro-protein of 34 kDa...
February 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017783/anti-apoptotic-and-angiogenic-effects-of-intelectin-1-in-rat-cerebral-ischemia
#12
Naibing Gu, Yaru Dong, Ye Tian, Zhengli Di, Zhiqin Liu, Mingze Chang, Xiaotao Jia, Yihua Qian, Weiping Zhang
Ischemic stroke is an acute life-threatening disease, which causes neurological dysfunction. The formation of new blood vessels around the infarct is vital to the restoration of perfusion and healing of brain tissue. Studies have shown that intelectin-1 (omentin) promotes endothelial cell function and angiogenesis in response to ischemia and inhibits apoptosis in rats with unilateral hind limb surgery. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective role of intelectin-1 following focal cerebral ischemia...
December 23, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784157/structural-stability-of-intelectin-1
#13
John J Kozak, Harry B Gray, Roberto A Garza-López
We study the structural stability of helical and nonhelical regions in chain A of human intelectin-1. Using a geometrical model introduced previously, we carried out a computational analysis based on the recently reported crystal structure of this protein by Kiessling et al. to quantify the resiliency of the native state to steric perturbations. Response to these perturbations is characterized by calculating, relative to the native state, the lateral, radial, and angular displacements of n-residue segments of the polypeptide chain centered on each residue...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638397/characterization-of-embryo-transcriptome-of-gynogenetic-olive-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#14
Zhaofei Fan, Zhihao Wu, Lijuan Wang, Yuxia Zou, Peijun Zhang, Feng You
Olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus is an important commercially cultured marine flatfish in China, Korea, and Japan. Gynogenesis, via meiogynogenesis and mitogynogenesis, shows advantages in breeding and sex control, but the low survival rate, especially for mitogynogenesis, limits its application. In this study, we sequenced the embryo transcriptomes of gynogenetic haploid, meiogynogenetic diploid, mitogynogenetic diploid, and common diploid flounder and investigated their respective genetic characteristics by analyzing differentiated expressed genes...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329687/a-zebrafish-intelectin-ortholog-agglutinates-both-gram-negative-and-gram-positive-bacteria-with-binding-capacity-to-bacterial-polysaccharide
#15
Lei Chen, Jie Yan, Weiping Sun, Yan Zhang, Chao Sui, Jing Qi, Yijun Du, Lijun Feng
Intelectins are glycan-binding lectins found in various species including cephalochordates, urochordates, fish, amphibians and mammals. But their detailed functions are not well studied in zebrafish which is a good model to study native immunity. In this study, we cloned a zebrafish intelectin ortholog, zebrafish intelectin 2 (zITLN2), which contains a conserved fibrinogen-related domain (FReD) in the N-terminus and the unique intelectin domain in the C-terminus. We examined the tissue distribution of zITLN2 in adult zebrafish and found that zITLN2 was expressed in various organs with the highest level in intestine...
August 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934934/soluble-human-intestinal-lactoferrin-receptor-ca-2-dependent-binding-to-sepharose-based-matrices
#16
Yuta Oshima, Kohei Seki, Masataka Shibuya, Yuki Naka, Tatsuya Yokoyama, Atsushi Sato
A soluble form of human intestinal lactoferrin receptor (shLFR) is identical to human intelectin-1 (hITLN-1), a galactofuranose-binding protein that acts as a host defense against invading pathogenic microorganisms. We found that recombinant shLFR, expressed in mammalian cells (CHO DG44, COS-1, and RK13), binds tightly to Sepharose 4 Fast Flow (FF)-based matrices in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. This binding of shLFR to Sepharose 4 FF-based matrices was inhibited by excess D-galactose, but not by D-glucose, suggesting that shLFR recognizes repeating units of α-1,6-linked D-galactose in Sepharose 4 FF...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900865/chemoproteomic-profiling-of-host-and-pathogen-enzymes-active-in-cholera
#17
Stavroula K Hatzios, Sören Abel, Julianne Martell, Troy Hubbard, Jumpei Sasabe, Diana Munera, Lars Clark, Daniel A Bachovchin, Firdausi Qadri, Edward T Ryan, Brigid M Davis, Eranthie Weerapana, Matthew K Waldor
Activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) is a chemoproteomic tool for detecting active enzymes in complex biological systems. We used ABPP to identify secreted bacterial and host serine hydrolases that are active in animals infected with the cholera pathogen Vibrio cholerae. Four V. cholerae proteases were consistently active in infected rabbits, and one, VC0157 (renamed IvaP), was also active in human choleric stool. Inactivation of IvaP influenced the activity of other secreted V. cholerae and rabbit enzymes in vivo, and genetic disruption of all four proteases increased the abundance of intelectin, an intestinal lectin, and its binding to V...
April 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862554/coronary-patients-with-high-plasma-omentin-are-at-a-higher-cardiovascular-risk
#18
Christoph H Saely, Andreas Leiherer, Axel Muendlein, Alexander Vonbank, Philipp Rein, Kathrin Geiger, Cornelia Malin, Heinz Drexel
The adipokine omentin, also known as intelectin, is a secretory protein, expressed in visceral adipose tissue and is highly abundant in plasma. It is involved in the development of chronic inflammatory diseases, but nothing is known about its impact on the cardiovascular event risk. Here, plasma omentin was measured in 295 patients undergoing coronary angiography for the evaluation of established or suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were separated according to the median plasma omentin concentrations into a high and low omentin group and cardiovascular events occurring during a period of 3...
March 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855011/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-intelectin-in-the-digestive-tract-of-xenopus-laevis
#19
Saburo Nagata
The intelectin (Intl) family is a group of secretory lectins in chordates that serve multiple functions, including innate immunity, through Ca(2+)-dependent recognition of carbohydrate chains. Although six Intl family lectins have so far been reported in Xenopus laevis, none have been identified in the intestine. Using a monoclonal antibody to the Xenopus embryonic epidermal lectin (XEEL or Intl-1), I identified cross-reactive proteins in the intestines. The proteins were purified by affinity chromatography on a galactose-Sepharose column and found to be oligomers consisting of N-glycosylated 39 kDa and 40...
June 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819645/expression-of-tmem207-in-colorectal-cancer-relation-between-tmem207-and-intelectin-1
#20
Kenichi Maeda, Chiemi Saigo, Yusuke Kito, Takuji Sakuratani, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tamotsu Takeuchi
Recent research advances highlighted an intestinal goblet cell-produced lectin, intelectin-1 (also known as omentin-1), as a tumor suppressor. One study indicated that downregulation of intelectin-1 may be related to the unfavorable prognosis among patients with colorectal carcinoma at an advanced stage. The present study was aimed at analyzing the expression of a hitherto uncharacterized transmembrane protein TMEM207 in colorectal carcinoma, and we found that the TMEM207 function is linked to intelectin-1 processing...
2016: Journal of Cancer
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