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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144820/pheochromocytoma-a-genetic-and-diagnostic-update
#1
Leilani B Mercado-Asis, Katherine I Wolf, Ivana Jochmanova, David Taïeb
OBJECTIVE: Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are neuroendocrine tumors derived from adrenal or extra-adrenal locations, respectively. Upon suspicion of PPGL, specific metabolomic, molecular, biochemical, imaging, and histopathological studies are performed to prove, localize, treat, and monitor disease progression. Recently, improved diagnostic tools allow physicians to accurately diagnose PPGL, even in patients presenting with small (less than 1 cm) or biochemically silent tumors, which previously delayed proper detection and treatment...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140729/gene-expression-and-gene-associations-during-the-development-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-model-of-hypertension
#2
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138802/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-mechanism-underlying-the-effect-of-ginsenoside-on-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cells-subjected-to-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reperfusion
#3
Jian Gao, Huajing Bai, Qiang Li, Jian Li, Feng Wan, Mo Tian, Yuanyuan Li, Yilun Song, Jianping Zhang, Yinchu Si
The present study comprised a series of experiments to investigate the mechanism underlying the effect of ginsenoside on the self-renewal, proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) undergoing oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) in vitro. The NSCs, which were isolated from the hippocampus of embryonic day 17 embryo rats, were subjected to OGD/R to establish an in vitro model of brain ischemia-reperfusion, following which different doses of ginsenoside were administered to the model...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138005/distinct-hypoxic-regulation-of-preadipocyte-factor-1-pref-1-in-preadipocytes-and-mature-adipocytes
#4
Yunwon Moon, Seongyeol Lee, Bongju Park, Hyunsung Park
Preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1) is a secretory soluble protein, which exerts pleiotropic effects on maintenance of cancer stem cell characteristics and commitment of mesenchymal stem cell lineages by inhibiting adipogenesis. Observations that obesity renders the microenvironment of adipose tissues hypoxic and that hypoxia inhibits adipogenesis lead us to investigate whether hypoxia increases the expression of anti-adipogenic Pref-1 in preadipocytes, mature adipocytes, and adipose tissues from obese mouse. In 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, hypoxia induces Pref-1 by a hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)-dependent mechanism accompanied by increase in the levels of the active histone mark, acetylated H3K9/14 (H3K9/14Ac)...
November 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137263/melatonin-suppresses-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-via-lncrna-cps1-it-mediated-hif-1%C3%AE-inactivation
#5
Tong-Hong Wang, Chi-Hao Wu, Chau-Ting Yeh, Shih-Chi Su, Shih-Min Hsia, Kung-Hao Liang, Chin-Chuan Chen, Chuen Hsueh, Chi-Yuan Chen
Melatonin is the primary pineal hormone that relays light/dark cycle information to the circadian system. It was recently reported to exert intrinsic antitumor activity in various cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of melatonin are poorly understood. Moreover, a limited number of studies have addressed the role of melatonin in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a major life-threatening malignancy in both sexes in Taiwan. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of melatonin in HCC and explored the regulatory mechanisms underlying these effects...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132470/-effects-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-on-retinal-neovascularization-in-neonatal-rats-with-oxygen-induced-retinopathy
#6
Qing-Jie Mu, Yue-Hua Zhao, Dan-Dan Cheng, Hai-Yu Wang, Lan-Fen Chen, Yan-Song Zhao, Xiao-Li Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of rat bone mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation on retinal neovascularization, and to observe the changes of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) in rats with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). METHODS: Seventy-two seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (CON), model (OIR) and BMSC transplantation. In the BMSC transplantation group, BMSCs were transplanted 5 days after oxygen conditioning...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129773/gambogic-acid-ameliorates-diabetes-induced-proliferative-retinopathy-through-inhibition-of-the-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-expression-via-targeting-pi3k-akt-pathway
#7
Jianyi Cui, Rui Gong, Shuiqing Hu, Ling Cai, Lei Chen
AIMS: Gambogic acid (GA) is one of active components of Chinese medicine gamboges resin. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a most serious microvascular complication of diabetes and also the leading cause of blindness. The aim of this study is to evaluate the beneficial effect of GA on diabetes-induced retinal angiogenesis and further explore the potential mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: High glucose (HG)-treated RF/6A cells and STZ-induced diabetic mice were used as in vitro and in vivo models...
November 9, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127866/placental-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-chop-immuno-histochemical-expression-relative-to-maternal-circulatory-syncytiotrophoblast-micro-vesicles-in-preeclamptic-and-normotensive-pregnancies
#8
S Verma, P Pillay, T Naicker, J Moodley, I Mackraj
OBJECTIVES: Preeclampsia (PE) occurs as a result placental hypoxia-induced oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress, and is associated with the activation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and apoptotic CHOP pathways with the consequential shedding of syncytiotrophoblast microvesicles which may be central in mediating the maternal systemic immune response. The aim of this study was to immune-localise and morphometrically analyse CHOP and HIF-1α within the placenta of normotensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancies and concomitantly quantify syncytiotrophoblast released microvesicles in maternal circulation...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124628/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-exposure-induces-kidney-injury-in-growing-rats
#9
Neha-Devi Poonit, Yi-Chun Zhang, Chu-Yuan Ye, Hui-Lin Cai, Chen-Yi Yu, Ting Li, Xiao-Hong Cai
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper are to examine the effect of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) on the morphological changes in the kidney of growing rats and to explore the mechanisms underlying the CIH-induced renal damage. METHODS: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups: 2 and 4 weeks CIH groups (2IH, 4IH), and in the control group 2 and 4 weeks air-stimulated groups (2C, 4C), with 10 rats in each group. Pathological changes of renal tissue were observed by HE staining, PAS staining, and Masson staining...
November 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121798/angelica-sinensis-exerts-angiogenic-and-anti-apoptotic-effects-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-activating-p38mapk-hif-1-formula-see-text-vegf-a-signaling-in-rats
#10
Chin-Yi Cheng, Tin-Yun Ho, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Nou-Ying Tang, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Shung-Te Kao, Yu-Chen Lee
This study evaluated the effects of Angelica sinensis extract [Dang Gui (DG)] administered before 60[Formula: see text]min of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 3[Formula: see text]d of reperfusion and investigated the involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1[Formula: see text] signaling in the cortical ischemic penumbra. DG was intraperitoneally administered at a dose of 0.25[Formula: see text]g/kg (DG-0.25g), 0.5[Formula: see text]g/kg (DG-0.5g), or 1[Formula: see text]g/kg (DG-1g) 30[Formula: see text]min before the onset of cerebral ischemia...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121675/astaxanthin-prevents-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-the-steatotic-liver-in-mice
#11
Shaowei Li, Terumi Takahara, Masayuki Fujino, Yasuyuki Fukuhara, Toshiro Sugiyama, Xiao-Kang Li, Shiro Takahara
Steatosis has a low tolerance against ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). To prevent IRI in the steatotic liver, we attempted to elucidate the protective effect of astaxanthin (ASTX) in the steatotic liver model by giving mice a methionine and choline-deficient high fat (MCDHF) diet. Levels of lipid peroxidation and apoptosis, the expression of inflammatory cytokines and heme oxygenase (HO)-1, in the liver were assessed. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis-related proteins and members of the signaling pathway were also examined in isolated Kupffer cells and/or hepatocytes from the steatotic liver...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121446/vbp1-represses-cancer-metastasis-by-enhancing-hif-1%C3%AE-degradation-induced-by-pvhl
#12
Ji Ae Kim, Da Kyung Choi, Jung Sun Min, Inho Kang, Jin Chul Kim, Semi Kim, Jeong Keun Ahn
VBP1 physically interacts with pVHL, an E3-ubiquitin ligase, which degrades HIF-1α in an oxygen-dependent manner. HIF-1 is a key regulator of adaptive responses to a lack of oxygen that controls glucose metabolism, angiogenesis, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. However, the role of VBP1 in pVHL-mediated degradation of HIF-1α is not yet known. In this study, we show that VBP1 enhances the stability of pVHL and facilitates pVHL-mediated ubiquitination of HIF-1α. Furthermore, VBP1 suppresses HIF-1α-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in vitro and tumor metastasis in vivo...
November 9, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119942/18f-faza-pet-ct-in-the-preoperative-evaluation-of-nsclc-comparison-with-18f-fdg-and-immunohistochemistry
#13
Paola Mapelli, Valentino Bettinardi, Federico Fallanca, Elena Incerti, Antonia Compierchio, Francesca Rossetti, Angela Coliva, Annarita Savi, Claudio Doglioni, Giampiero Negri, Luigi Gianolli, Maria Picchio
PURPOSE: To assess the capability of 18F-FAZA PET/CT in identifying intratumoral hypoxic areas in early and locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and to compare 18F-FAZA PET/CT with 18F-FDG PET/CT and histopathological biomarkers and to investigate whether the assessment of tumour to blood (T/B) and tumour to muscle (T/M) ratios provides comparable information regarding the hypoxic fractions of the tumour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients with NSCLC were prospectively enrolled (3 men, 4 women; median age: 71 years; range 63-80)...
November 8, 2017: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117193/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-pdk1-phd3-and-hif-1%C3%AE-expression-defines-the-hypoxic-status-of-neuroblastoma-tumors
#14
Marzia Ognibene, Davide Cangelosi, Martina Morini, Daniela Segalerba, Maria Carla Bosco, Angela Rita Sementa, Alessandra Eva, Luigi Varesio
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common solid tumor during infancy and the first cause of death among the preschool age diseases. The availability of several NB genomic profiles improves the prognostic ability, but the outcome prediction for this pathology remains imperfect. We previously produced a novel prognostic gene signature based on the response of NB cells to hypoxia, a condition of tumor microenvironment strictly connected with cancer aggressiveness. Here we attempted to further define the expression of hypoxia-modulated specific genes, looking at their protein level in NB specimens, considering in particular the hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1), and the HIF-prolyl hydroxylase domain 3 (PHD3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117182/structural-and-functional-analysis-of-coral-hypoxia-inducible-factor
#15
Didier Zoccola, Jonas Morain, Gilles Pagès, Natacha Caminiti-Segonds, Sandy Giuliano, Sylvie Tambutté, Denis Allemand
Tissues of symbiotic Cnidarians are exposed to wide, rapid and daily variations of oxygen concentration. Indeed, during daytime, intracellular O2 concentration increases due to symbiont photosynthesis, while during night, respiration of both host cells and symbionts leads to intra-tissue hypoxia. The Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 (HIF-1) is a heterodimeric transcription factor used for maintenance of oxygen homeostasis and adaptation to hypoxia. Here, we carried out a mechanistic study of the response to variations of O2 concentrations of the coral model Stylophora pistillata...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115598/effects-of-hypoxia%C3%A2-inducible-factor%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-on-endometrial-receptivity-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Dongmei Zhao, Qinglan Qu, Huangguan Dai, Yueyang Liu, Lei Jiang, Xin Huang, Cuifang Hao
Embryo implantation is associated with an hypoxic endometrial microenvironment. Hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α (HIF‑1α) is activated under hypoxic conditions. In the present study, the expression pattern of HIF‑1α in endometrial tissue was investigated and its effects on endometrial receptivity in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were examined. A total of 81 patients were enrolled for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. They were divided into PCOS (n=40) and Control groups (n=41); both groups were further divided based on body weight (overweight and normal weight subgroups)...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114885/hypoxia-sensitive-pathways-in-intestinal-inflammation
#17
Eric Brown, Cormac T Taylor
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common chronic intestinal disorder characterised by a loss of epithelial barrier function leading to the unregulated movement of luminal antigenic material into mucosal tissue with resultant inflammation. In IBD, multiple components of the inflammatory response lead to tissue hypoxia. Mucosal hypoxia leads to the inactivation of prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing (PHD) enzymes which in turn leads to the stabilization of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) which induces the expression of barrier protective genes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113952/do-all-roads-lead-to-the-rome-the-glycation-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Saheem Ahmad, Firoz Akhter, Uzma Shahab, Zeeshan Rafi, Mohd Sajid Khan, Rabia Nabi, Mohd Salman Khan, Khurshid Ahmad, Jalaluddin Mohammad Ashraf, Moinuddin
Oxidative, carbonyl, and glycative stress have gained substantial attention recently for their alleged influence on cancer progression. Oxidative stress can trigger variable transcription factors, such as nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), protein-53 (p-53), activating protein-1 (AP-1), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), β-catenin/Wnt and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ). Activated transcription factors can lead to approximately 500 different alterations in gene expression, and can alter expression patterns of inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, regulatory cell cycle molecules, and anti-inflammatory molecules...
November 4, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113799/protein-s-glutathionylation-induced-by-hypoxia-increases-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-human-colon-cancer-cells
#19
Daun Jeon, Heon Joo Park, Hong Seok Kim
Hypoxia is a common characteristic of many types of solid tumors. Intratumoral hypoxia selects for tumor cells that survive in a low oxygen environment, undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition, are more motile and invasive, and show gene expression changes driven by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activation. Therefore, targeting HIF-1α is an attractive strategy for disrupting multiple pathways crucial for tumor growth. In the present study, we demonstrated that hypoxia increases the S-glutathionylation of HIF-1α and its protein levels in colon cancer cells...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113209/prognostic-value-of-copper-transporter-1-expression-in-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Yu Xia, Li Liu, Qi Bai, Qilai Long, Jiajun Wang, Wei Xi, Jiejie Xu, Jianming Guo
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) features a Von Hippel-Lindau mutation, associated with a hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) imbalance. Copper transporter 1 (CTR1) may also promote tumor progression through the modulation of the HIF pathway by copper. Therefore, the present study explored the prognostic effect of tumor CTR1 expression in patients with ccRCC. A total of 293 patients with ccRCC that underwent nephrectomy were retrospectively enrolled. CTR1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry, and its association with clinicopathological features and prognosis were evaluated...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
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