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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548959/identification-of-the-histone-lysine-demethylase-kdm4a-jmjd2a-as-a-novel-epigenetic-target-in-m1-macrophage-polarization-induced-by-oxidized-ldl
#1
Xue Wang, Siqing Wang, Gang Yao, Dehai Yu, Kexin Chen, Qian Tong, Long Ye, Chuan Wu, Yue Sun, Haixia Li, Dirk M Hermann, Thorsten R Döppner, Fengyan Jin, Yun Dai, Jiang Wu
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) induces macrophage activation, an event essential for atherosclerosis. Emerging evidence supports that epigenetic regulation plays important roles in macrophage activation and function. However, it remains unclear which epigenetic modulator is responsible for oxLDL-induced macrophage activation. Here, we identify for the first time KDM4A (JMJD2A) as an epigenetic modifying enzyme that controls oxLDL-induced pro-inflammatory M1 polarization of macrophages. OxLDL triggered M1 polarization of murine and human macrophages, characterized by expression of iNOS and robust production of inflammatory cytokines (e...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545523/l-mimosine-and-hypoxia-can-increase-angiogenin-production-in-dental-pulp-derived-cells
#2
Klara Janjić, Michael Edelmayer, Andreas Moritz, Hermann Agis
BACKGROUND: Angiogenin is a key molecule in the healing process which has been successfully applied in the field of regenerative medicine. The role of angiogenin in dental pulp regeneration is unclear. Here we aimed to reveal the impact of the hypoxia mimetic agent L-mimosine (L-MIM) and hypoxia on angiogenin in the dental pulp. METHODS: Human dental pulp-derived cells (DPC) were cultured in monolayer and spheroid cultures and treated with L-MIM or hypoxia. In addition, tooth slice organ cultures were applied to mimic the pulp-dentin complex...
May 25, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545088/transcriptional-activation-of-hif-1-by-a-ros-erk-axis-underlies-the-resistance-to-photodynamic-therapy
#3
María Julia Lamberti, María Florencia Pansa, Renzo Emanuel Vera, Martín Ernesto Fernández-Zapico, Natalia Belén Rumie Vittar, Viviana Alicia Rivarola
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a promising treatment option for cancer, involves the activation of a photosensitizer (PS) by local irradiation with visible light. Excitation of the PS leads to a series of photochemical reactions and consequently the local generation of harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing limited or none systemic defects. However, the development of resistance to this promising therapy has slowed down its translation into the clinical practice. Thus, there is an increase need in understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying resistance to PDT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544376/hif-2%C3%AE-regulates-non-canonical-glutamine-metabolism-via-activation-of-pi3k-mtorc2-pathway-in-human-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#4
Wenzhu Li, Changhao Chen, Xiaohui Zhao, Huilin Ye, Yue Zhao, Zhiqiang Fu, Wenwei Pan, Shangyou Zheng, Lusheng Wei, Tianwen Nong, Zhihua Li, Rufu Chen
Hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) plays an important role in increasing cancer progression and distant metastasis in a variety of tumour types. We aimed to investigate its biological function and clinical significance in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A total of 283 paired PDAC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were collected from patients who underwent surgery or biopsy at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital between February 2004 and October 2016. In this study, we noted that HIF-2α expression was significantly up-regulated in PDAC, positively associated with disease stage, lymph-node metastasis and patient survival, and identified as an independent prognostic factor of PDAC patients...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542352/preconditioning-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-deferoxamine-increases-the-production-of-pro-angiogenic-neuroprotective-and-anti-inflammatory-factors-potential-application-in-the-treatment-of-diabetic-neuropathy
#5
Carolina Oses, Belén Olivares, Marcelo Ezquer, Cristian Acosta, Paul Bosch, Macarena Donoso, Patricio Léniz, Fernando Ezquer
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is one of the most frequent and troublesome complications of diabetes mellitus. Evidence from diabetic animal models and diabetic patients suggests that reduced availability of neuroprotective and pro-angiogenic factors in the nerves in combination with a chronic pro-inflammatory microenvironment and high level of oxidative stress, contribute to the pathogenesis of DN. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are of great interest as therapeutic agents for regenerative purposes, since they can secrete a broad range of cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542038/hypoxia-as-a-target-for-drug-combination-therapy-of-liver-cancer
#6
Cressida Bowyer, Andrew L Lewis, Andrew W Lloyd, Gary J Phillips, Wendy M Macfarlane
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most frequent cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The standard of care for intermediate HCC is transarterial chemoembolization, which combines tumour embolization with locoregional delivery of the chemotherapeutic doxorubicin. Embolization therapies induce hypoxia, leading to the escape and proliferation of hypoxia-adapted cancer cells. The transcription factor that orchestrates responses to hypoxia is hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). The aim of this work is to show that targeting HIF-1 with combined drug therapy presents an opportunity for improving outcomes for HCC treatment...
May 24, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539891/double-knockdown-of-phd1-and-keap1-attenuated-hypoxia-induced-injuries-in-hepatocytes
#7
Jing Liu, Yiping Li, Lei Liu, Zhi Wang, Chuanbing Shi, Zhengyuan Cheng, Xiaoyi Zhang, Fengan Ding, Ping Sheng Chen
Background and Aims: Hypoxia and oxidative stress contribute toward liver fibrosis. In this experiment, we used small hairpin RNA (shRNA) to interfere with the intracellular oxygen sensor-prolyl hydroxylase 1 (PHD1) and the intracellular oxidative stress sensor-kelch-like ECH associated protein 1 (Keap1) in the hypoxic hepatocytes in order to investigate the function of PHD1and Keap1. Methods: We first established the CCl4-induced liver fibrosis model, subsequently, the levels of the PHD1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α), Keap1, and nuclear factor-erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were detected in liver tissues...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537679/mir-15a-expression-analysis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a549-cells-under-local-hypoxia-microenvironment
#8
X-G Jing, T-F Chen, C Huang, H Wang, L An, Z Cheng, G-J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is a common tumor in the clinic. Hypoxia is an important biological characteristic in the solid malignant tumor. MiRNA participates in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. This study tested hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α) in lung cancer patients and analyzed the microRNA-15a (miR-15a) expression in A549 cells under different local hypoxia microenvironments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 40 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between Jan 2015 and Jan 2016 were involved in this study...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537244/-transcription-factors-nf-kb-hif-1-hif-2-growth-factor-vegf-vegfr2-and-carboanhydrase-ix-mrna-and-protein-level-in-the-development-of-kidney-cancer-metastasis
#9
L V Spirina, Y A Usynin, Z A Yurmazov, E M Slonimskaya, E S Kolegova, I V Kondakova
Here, we have investigated the participation of nuclear factors NF-kB, HIF-1 and HIF-2, VEGF, VEGFR2, and carboanhydrase IX in clear-cell renal cancer. We have determined the expression and protein level of transcription factors, VEGF, VEGFR2, and carboanhydrase IX in tumor and normal tissues of 30 patients with kidney cancer. The Real-Time PCR and ELISA were used in the study. The low levels of HIF-1 mRNA expression associated with high levels of HIF-1 protein were also associated with metastasis. The expression levels of VEGF, VEGFR2, and their protein levels are increased in primary tumors of patients with disseminated kidney cancer compared to nonmetastatic cancer...
March 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536597/fine-mapping-of-qtls-for-ascochyta-blight-resistance-in-pea-using-heterogeneous-inbred-families
#10
Ambuj B Jha, Krishna K Gali, Bunyamin Tar'an, Thomas D Warkentin
Ascochyta blight (AB) is an important disease of pea which can cause severe grain yield loss under wet conditions. In our previous study, we identified two quantitative trait loci (QTLs) abIII-1 and abI-IV-2 for AB resistance and these QTLs were consistent across locations and/or years in an inter-specific pea population (PR-19) developed from a cross between Alfetta (Pisum sativum) and P651 (P. fulvum). The objectives of this study were to fine map the abIII-1 and abI-IV-2 QTLs using a high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genetic linkage map and analyze identified markers in heterogeneous inbred family (HIF) populations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536432/nuclear-translocation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-induced-by-influenza-a-h1n1-infection-is-critical-to-the-production-of-proinflammatory-cytokines
#11
Xinkun Guo, Zhaoqin Zhu, Wanju Zhang, Xiaoxiao Meng, Yong Zhu, Peng Han, Xiaohui Zhou, Yunwen Hu, Ruilan Wang
Infection with the influenza A (H1N1) virus is a major challenge for public health because it can cause severe morbidity and even mortality in humans. The over-secretion of inflammatory cytokines (cytokine storm) is considered to be a key contributor to the severe pneumonia caused by H1N1 infection. It has been reported that hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) is associated with the production of proinflammatory molecules, but whether HIF-1α participates in the acute inflammatory responses against H1N1 infection is still unclear...
May 24, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536255/neuroprotective-effect-of-electroacupuncture-and-upregulation-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-during-acute-ischaemic-stroke-in-rats
#12
Ce Li, Tingting Zhang, Kewei Yu, Hongyu Xie, Yulong Bai, Li Zhang, Yi Wu, Nianhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a traditional method that has been widely used in various fields of medicine with therapeutic effect. However, evidence of effectiveness to support the application of electroacupuncture (EA) during the process of ischaemia is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate dynamic changes in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression as well as its association with neurological status in rats subjected to acute ischaemic stroke and EA intervention...
May 23, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534992/hif-1%C3%AE-inhibits-idh-1-expression-in-osteosarcoma
#13
Deng-Cheng Liu, Xun Zheng, Yong Zho, Wan-Rong Yi, Zong-Huan Li, Xiang Hu, Ai-Xi Yu
Recently, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) was reported to be correlated with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH-1) in several types of tumors. However, the expression and significance of HIF-1 and IDH-1 in osteosarcoma is still unknown. In the present study, the expression levels of IDH-1 and HIF-1α in 35 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections from osteosarcoma patients were investigated by immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of IDH-1 and HIF-1α in human osteosarcoma cell lines (MG-63 and 143B) were further detected by western blotting under normal and hypoxic conditions...
May 22, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529559/fbp1-expression-is-associated-with-basal-like-breast-carcinoma
#14
Lei Shi, Chunbo Zhao, Haihong Pu, Qingyuan Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate the value of liver fructose 1,6-bisphophatase (FBP1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the molecular subtyping of breast carcinoma. Tissue obtained from 60 surgical specimens from patients with breast carcinoma underwent immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin 5/6, HIF-1α and FBP1. The variation in the expression levels of these markers and clinicopathological factors were compared between molecular subtypes. In addition, disease-free survival was compared between basal-like and luminal breast carcinoma, according to differing expression levels of HIF-1α and FBP1...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527810/hif-1%C3%AE-stabilizing-agent-fg-4997-rescues-human-cd34-cell-mobilization-in-response-to-g-csf-in-immuno-deficient-mice
#15
Bianca Nowlan, Katarzyna Futrega, Marion E Brunck, Gail Walkinshaw, Lee E Flippin, Michael R Doran, Jean-Pierre Levesque
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is routinely used in the clinic to mobilize hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPC) into the patient's blood for collection and subsequent transplantation. However a significant proportion of patients who have previously received chemotherapy or radiotherapy and requiring autologous HSPC transplantation, cannot mobilize the minimal threshold of mobilized HSPC to achieve rapid and successful hematopoietic reconstitution. Although several alternatives to the G-CSF regime have been tested, few are in use in the clinic...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527256/-stat3-activation-by-hypoxia-in-in-vitro-models-of-cervix-cancer-and-endothelial-cells
#16
Óscar Ortega, Alejandro Ondo-Méndez, Ruth Garzón
INTRODUCTION: The biological behavior of cancer cells is influenced by the tumor microenvironment in which they develop. In this context, stressor stimuli such as hypoxia are considered critical for tumor development and therapeutic management. Cellular response to various stimuli is evidenced in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as JAK/STAT, which is one of the most important for its effects in differentiation and cell proliferation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the condition of the JAK/STAT pathway through the expression/activation of the STAT3 protein in cervix cancer cells (HeLa) and endothelial cells (EA...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526405/hypoxia-inducible-factor-l%C3%AE-mediates-aggrecan-and-collagen-%C3%AE-expression-via-notch1-signaling-in-nucleus-pulposus-cells-during-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#17
Zhuochao Liu, Changwei Li, Xiangchao Meng, Yunting Bai, Jin Qi, Jun Wang, Qi Zhou, Weibin Zhang, Xingkai Zhang
Although hypoxia-inducible factor-lα (HIF-lα) has been reported to have an important role in the metabolism and synthesis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs), the underlying mechanism has not been fully clarified. Here, we show for the first time that NOTCH1 expression is decreased in NPs isolated from degenerated human intervertebral discs (IVDs), as well as in the NPs of NP-specific HIF-1α(-/-) mice. Our study reveals that overexpression of HIF-1α leads to increased expression of NOTCH1, the NOTCH1 ligand JAGGED1, and its target gene hairy and enhancer of split-1 (HES1), while also upregulating collagen Π and aggrecan expression in human NPCs...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523034/effects-of-sirna-mediated-hif-1%C3%AE-gene-silencing-on-angiogenesis-in-osteosarcoma
#18
Xu-Dong Zhang, Qiang Wu, Shu-Hua Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore angiogenesis in osteosarcoma under the condition of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α gene silenced by small interference RNA (siRNA). METHODS: The SaOS-2 osteosarcoma cells, transfected with the recombinant plasmid pSilencer2.1-HIF-1α or pSilencer2.1-SCR, were classified as HIF-1α/siRNA group or SCR/siRNA group, respectively. In which, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunohistochemistry were performed. HIF-1α and VEGF protein contents were detected by western blot...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522758/regulation-of-erythropoiesis-after-normoxic-return-from-chronic-sustained-and-intermittent-hypoxia
#19
Jihyun Song, Krishna Sundar, Radhika Gangaraju, Josef T Prchal
Hypoxia increases erythropoiesis mediated by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF) which regulate erythropoietin (EPO) transcription. Neocytolysis is a physiological mechanism that corrects polycythemia from chronic sustained hypoxemia (CSH) by transient, preferential destruction of young RBCs after normoxia is restored. We showed that neocytolysis is caused by excessive mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in reticulocytes mediated by down-regulation of HIF-controlled BNIP3L regulated mitophagy and a decrease in RBC antioxidant catalase (CAT) in hypoxia-produced erythrocytes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522192/overcoming-photodynamic-resistance-and-tumor-targeting-dual-therapy-mediated-by-indocyanine-green-conjugated-gold-nanospheres
#20
Wei Li, Xiaomeng Guo, Fenfen Kong, Hanbo Zhang, Lihua Luo, Qingpo Li, Chunqi Zhu, Jie Yang, Yongzhong Du, Jian You
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) have captured much attention due to the great potential to cure malignant tumor. Nevertheless, photodynamic resistance of cancer cells has limited the further efficacy of PDT. Unfortunately, the resistance mechanism and efforts to overcome the resistance still have been rarely reported so far. Here, we report a nanosystem with specific tumor targeting for combined PDT and PTT mediated by near-infrared (NIR) light, which was established by covalently conjugating indocyanine green (ICG) and TNYL peptide onto the surface of hollow gold nanospheres (HAuNS)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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