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EdnrB pathway

Glenn A MacLean, Jennifer McEldoon, Jialiang Huang, Jeremy Allred, Matthew C Canver, Stuart H Orkin
Individuals with Trisomy 21 (T21) exhibit numerous hematological abnormalities, including reductions in numbers of circulating B and T lymphocytes. To elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying these phenotypes, we differentiated human isogenic disomic and trisomic pluripotent cells, and observed that trisomic cells showed defects in B cell, but not T cell differentiation. Global gene expression of differentiated, trisomic B cells revealed reduced expression of genes encoding endothelin signaling components, namely the Endothelin Receptor B (EDNRB), and its ligand Endothelin1 (EDN1)...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Huirong Li, Ling Hou
Somatic stem cells are regulated by their niches to maintain tissue homeostasis and repair throughout the lifetime of an organism. An excellent example to study stem cell/niche interactions is provided by the regeneration of melanocytes during the hair cycle and in response to various types of injury. These processes are regulated by neighboring stem cells and multiple signaling pathways, including WNT/β-catenin, KITL/KIT, EDNs/EDNRB, TGF-β/TGF-βR, α-MSH/MC1R, and Notch signaling. In this review, we highlight recent studies that have advanced our understanding of the molecular crosstalk between melanocyte stem cells and their neighboring cells, which collectively form the niche microenvironment, and we focus on the question of how McSCs/niche interactions shape the responses to genotoxic damages and mechanical injury...
March 26, 2018: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Weizhen Liu, Juan Pan, Jinbo Gao, Xiaoming Shuai, Shaotao Tang, Guobin Wang, Kaixiong Tao, Chuanqing Wu
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a newborn colorectal disease characterized by an absence of ganglia in the distal gut. Hedgehog (Hh) and endothelin signaling serve important roles in gastrointestinal tract formation. Alterations in the signaling pathways disrupt the development of enteric neural crest cells (ENCCs). It is not known whether there is any coordination between these pathways in the pathogenesis of HSCR. In the present study, tissue samples from 35 patients with HSCR, including stenotic aganglionosis gut and normal ganglionic gut, were obtained...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Naho Fujiwara, Katsumi Miyahara, Nana Nakazawa-Tanaka, Chihiro Akazawa, Atsuyuki Yamataka
PURPOSE: Semaphorins are guidance cues for developing neurons, implicated in the determination of the migratory pathway of neural crest-derived neural precursors during enteric nervous system development. Recently, it has been reported that Semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A) expression is up-regulated in the aganglionic colon in Hirschsprung disease (HD) patients, suggesting that increased SEMA3A expression may be a risk factor for HD. Thus, the aim of our study was to determine the expression of SEMA3A using Sox10-Venus mice gut...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Dejan Bregar, Ines Cilenšek, Sara Mankoč, Ana Reschner, Danijel Petrovič, Mojca Globočnik Petrovič
Increasing evidence suggests that endothelin and nitric oxide synthase genes and their products exert biological effects on the vasculature via the nitric oxide or endothelin pathway. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association of rs10507875 and rs869109213 (alone or in interaction) with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We genotyped the single nucleotide polymorphism rs10507875 of the endothelin receptor B gene (EDNRB) and variable number tandem repeats rs869109213 of the nitric oxide synthase 3 gene (NOS3) in 270 Slovenian patients with DR and T2DM and 256 controls with T2DM without clinical signs of DR...
February 20, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Ruoqing Wang, Nianwei Zhang, Renkai Wang, Shengpeng Wang, Na Wang
In order to provide an applicable cell platform to study fish pathology and skin pigmentation, two cell lines derived from skin tissues of wild-type and albino Japanese flounder were established and named JFSK_wt and JFSK_alb, respectively. These two cell lines were cultured for 45 passages within approximately 300 days. JFSK_wt and JFSK_alb cells were maintained in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium and Ham's F-12 Nutrient Mixture (DMEM/F12) supplemented with antibiotics, fetal bovine serum (FBS), 2-mercaptoethanol (2-Me), N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)...
December 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Sarah Issa, Nadege Bondurand, Emmanuelle Faubert, Sylvain Poisson, Laure Lecerf, Patrick Nitschke, Naima Deggouj, Natalie Loundon, Laurence Jonard, Albert David, Yves Sznajer, Patricia Blanchet, Sandrine Marlin, Veronique Pingault
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentation anomalies. The clinical definition of four WS types is based on additional features due to defects in structures mostly arising from the neural crest, with type I and type II being the most frequent. While type I is tightly associated to PAX3 mutations, WS type II (WS2) remains partly enigmatic with mutations in known genes (MITF, SOX10) accounting for only 30% of the cases. We performed exome sequencing in a WS2 index case and identified a heterozygous missense variation in EDNRB...
May 2017: Human Mutation
Ryo Yamasaki, Takayuki Fujii, Bing Wang, Katsuhisa Masaki, Mizuho A Kido, Mari Yoshida, Takuya Matsushita, Jun-Ichi Kira
Allergic and atopic disorders have increased over the past few decades and have been associated with neuropsychiatric conditions, such as autism spectrum disorder and asthmatic amyotrophy. Myelitis presenting with neuropathic pain can occur in patients with atopic disorder; however, the relationship between allergic inflammation and neuropathic pain, and the underlying mechanism, remains to be established. We studied whether allergic inflammation affects the spinal nociceptive system. We found that mice with asthma, atopic dermatitis, or atopic diathesis had widespread and significantly more activated microglia and astroglia in the spinal cord than those without atopy, and displayed tactile allodynia...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Hongmei Lin, Yifei Ma, Yongqing Wei, Hui Shang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of cervical cancer (CC) by integrated bioinformatic analyses of gene expression and methylation profiles. METHODS: The gene expression and methylation microarrays in CC samples and normal controls were respectively downloaded from the GEO database. After screening the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with Limma package and the CC-related methylation sites with CpGassoc package in R language, DEGs with CC-related methylation sites were identified from the intersection of the above two groups of results with 50kb upstream and downstream of a gene as the gene region...
December 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Meng-Die Lü, Xu-Man Han, Yun-Fei Ma, David M Irwin, Yun Gao, Jia-Kun Deng, Adeniyi C Adeola, Hai-Bing Xie, Ya-Ping Zhang
A common phenotypic difference among domestic animals is variation in coat color. Six-white-point is a pigmentation pattern observed in varying pig breeds, which seems to have evolved through several different mechanistic pathways. Herein, we re-sequenced whole genomes of 31 Diannan small-ear pigs from China and found that the six-white-point coat color in Diannan small-ear pigs is likely regulated by polygenic loci, rather than by the MC1R locus. Strong associations were observed at three loci (EDNRB, CNTLN, and PINK1), which explain about 20 percent of the total coat color variance in the Diannan small-ear pigs...
June 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kyoungmin Park, Akira Mima, Qian Li, Christian Rask-Madsen, Pingnian He, Koji Mizutani, Sayaka Katagiri, Yasutaka Maeda, I-Hsien Wu, Mogher Khamaisi, Simone Rordam Preil, Ernesto Maddaloni, Ditte Sørensen, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Paul L Huang, George L King
Endothelial cell (EC) insulin resistance and dysfunction, caused by diabetes, accelerates atherosclerosis. It is unknown whether specifically enhancing EC-targeted insulin action can decrease atherosclerosis in diabetes. Accordingly, overexpressing insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1) in the endothelia of Apoe(-/-) mice (Irs1/Apoe(-/-)) increased insulin signaling and function in the aorta. Atherosclerosis was significantly reduced in Irs1/ApoE(-/-) mice on diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. The mechanism of insulin's enhanced antiatherogenic actions in EC was related to remarkable induction of NO action, which increases endothelin receptor B (EDNRB) expression and intracellular [Ca(2+)]...
May 5, 2016: JCI Insight
Oscar Urtatiz, Catherine D Van Raamsdonk
In this article, we first briefly outline the function of G protein coupled receptors in cancer, and then specifically examine the roles of the seven transmembrane G protein coupled Endothelin B receptor (Ednrb) and the G proteins, GNAQ and GNA11, in both melanocyte development and melanoma. Ednrb plays an essential role in melanocyte development. GNAQ and GNA11 are oncogenes when mutated in certain types of melanocytic lesions, being extremely frequent in uveal melanoma, which forms from melanocytes located in the eye...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Makoto Takeo, Wendy Lee, Piul Rabbani, Qi Sun, Hai Hu, Chae Ho Lim, Prashiela Manga, Mayumi Ito
Delineating the crosstalk between distinct signaling pathways is key to understanding the diverse and dynamic responses of adult stem cells during tissue regeneration. Here, we demonstrate that the Edn/EdnrB signaling pathway can interact with other signaling pathways to elicit distinct stem cell functions during tissue regeneration. EdnrB signaling promotes proliferation and differentiation of melanocyte stem cells (McSCs), dramatically enhancing the regeneration of hair and epidermal melanocytes. This effect is dependent upon active Wnt signaling that is initiated by Wnt ligand secretion from the hair follicle epithelial niche...
May 10, 2016: Cell Reports
Timothy R Hammond, Brian McEllin, Paul D Morton, Matthew Raymond, Jeff Dupree, Vittorio Gallo
Reactive astrogliosis is an essential and ubiquitous response to CNS injury, but in some cases, aberrant activation of astrocytes and their release of inhibitory signaling molecules can impair endogenous neural repair processes. Our lab previously identified a secreted intercellular signaling molecule, called endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is expressed at high levels by reactive astrocytes in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and limits repair by delaying oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) maturation. However, as ET receptors are widely expressed on neural cells, the cell- and receptor-specific mechanisms of OPC inhibition by ET-1 action remain undefined...
December 15, 2015: Cell Reports
David Coyle, Anne Marie O'Donnell, Nicolae Corcionivoschi, John Gillick, Prem Puri
BACKGROUND: Rho-kinase (ROCK) is the primary effector protein in the RhoA pathway, which regulates Ca(2+)-independent smooth muscle contraction in the human bowel. This pathway has been reported to be hyper-activated in the aganglionic bowel of EDNRB-null (-/-) rats compared to the ganglionic bowel from EDNRB (+/+) rats. We hypothesised that ROCK expression is up-regulated in human aganglionic bowel and designed this study to investigate ROCK 1 and ROCK 2 expression in Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) and controls...
November 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
Ankush Gosain, Amanda J Barlow-Anacker, Chris S Erickson, Joseph F Pierre, Aaron F Heneghan, Miles L Epstein, Kenneth A Kudsk
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is characterized by aganglionosis from failure of neural crest cell (NCC) migration to the distal hindgut. Up to 40% of HSCR patients suffer Hirschsprung's-associated enterocolitis (HAEC), with an incidence that is unchanged from the pre-operative to the post-operative state. Recent reports indicate that signaling pathways involved in NCC migration may also be involved in the development of secondary lymphoid organs. We hypothesize that gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal immune defects occur in HSCR that may contribute to enterocolitis...
2015: PloS One
Hideki Tagashira, Aki Miyamoto, Sei-Ichi Kitamura, Masahito Tsubata, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Kinya Takagaki, Genji Imokawa
Melanogenesis is the physiological process by which melanin is synthesized to protect the skin from UV damage. While paracrine interactions between keratinocytes and melanocytes are crucial for regulating epidermal pigmentation, the endothelin (EDN)-endothelin B-receptor (EDNRB) interaction is one of the key linkages. In this study, we found that a single exposure of normal human melanocytes (NHMs) with UVB stimulates the expression of EDNRB and its upstream transcription factor microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) at the transcriptional and translational levels...
2015: PloS One
Karl-F Bergeron, Tatiana Cardinal, Aboubacrine M Touré, Mélanie Béland, Diana L Raiwet, David W Silversides, Nicolas Pilon
Neural crest cells (NCC) are a transient migratory cell population that generates diverse cell types such as neurons and glia of the enteric nervous system (ENS). Via an insertional mutation screen for loci affecting NCC development in mice, we identified one line-named TashT-that displays a partially penetrant aganglionic megacolon phenotype in a strong male-biased manner. Interestingly, this phenotype is highly reminiscent of human Hirschsprung's disease, a neurocristopathy with a still unexplained male sex bias...
March 2015: PLoS Genetics
Vijay P Sarthy, Hari Sawkar, V Joseph Dudley
PURPOSE/AIM OF THE STUDY: Photoreceptor degeneration is normally accompanied by reactive gliosis and gene expression changes in Müller (glial) cells. The signaling pathway involved inducing these changes in Müller cells is not known. It has been proposed that endothelin2 (EDN2) released by degenerating photoreceptors might induce gliotic changes in Müller cells. In the present study, we directly tested the hypothesis by determining whether treatment of Müller cell cultures with EDN2 results in upregulation of genes known to be expressed in activated Müller cells in vivo...
2015: Current Eye Research
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