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Helicopter EMS

Linda Sandström, Carina Nilsson, Päivi Juuso, Åsa Engström
INTRODUCTION: When emergency medical services (EMS) are needed, the choice of transport depends on several factors. These may include the patient's medical condition, transport accessibility to the accident site and the receiving hospital's resources. Emergency care research is advancing, but little is known about the patient's perspective of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trauma patients' experiences of HEMS...
September 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Alyssa Karl, Tiffany Pham, Jeff D Yanosky, Jeffrey Lubin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Some helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) maintain an independent supply of blood for use during transport, although practice is variable and not well described. We aimed to characterize the blood-carrying practices by HEMS programs across the United States. METHODS: Online surveys were sent to the leadership of the 261 HEMS programs nationwide listed in the 2011 Atlas and Database of Air Medical Services (ADAMS) database. We examined blood-carrying practices in aggregate, including typical transport time, proportion of scene transports, and local population density...
May 23, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Mikael Gellerfors, Dan Gryth, Hans Morten Lossius, Joacim Linde
For the most severely injured and unstable patients physician staffed second tier emergency medical service (EMS) units are used in many European areas. Physician staffed prehospital care is associated with a high rate of survival, advanced trauma care and beneficial cost-effectiveness. In the Nordic countries anaesthesiologists staff the rapid response cars and ambulance helicopters. This article reviews the current status of physician EMS in Sweden and the rapid development of new prehospital intensive care methods...
2016: Läkartidningen
Kenneth Stewart, Tabitha Garwe, Naresh Bhandari, Brandon Danford, Roxie Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: A review of the literature yielded little information regarding factors associated with the decision to use ground (GEMS) or helicopter (HEMS) emergency medical services for trauma patients transferred inter-facility. Furthermore, studies evaluating the impact of inter-facility transport mode on mortality have reported mixed findings. Since HEMS transport is generally reserved for more severely injured patients, this introduces indication bias, which may explain the mixed findings...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVES: The decision to request a helicopter air ambulance (HAA) is critical and complex. Emergency medical service (EMS) professionals must know how to appropriately and safely use HAA resources. We sought to describe important criteria for using HAA and the prevalence of HAA-related training among EMS professionals. Then, we identified characteristics associated with receiving training. METHODS: We sent an electronic questionnaire to all nationally certified EMS professionals...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: In the prehospital setting, helicopter air ambulances (HAAs) are used to bring advanced care to patients and reduce time to definitive care. Research related to emergency medical service (EMS) professionals' access to medical helicopters, protocols for HAA use, and prevalence of HAA transport for different patient types is sparse. Our first objective was to describe EMS professionals' access to HAA and the prevalence of written protocols regarding their use. Next, we looked at HAA use for specific patient types (trauma, nontraumatic chest pain, stroke, and pediatric)...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
Gregor Rehatschek, Marcus Muench, Ingmar Schenk, Wienand Dittrich, Jens C Schewe, Cornelius Dirk, Rudolf Hering
BACKGROUND: Physical and mental workload during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is challenging under extreme working conditions. We hypothesized that the mechanical chest-compression device Lund University Cardiac Assist System (LUCAS) increases the effectiveness of CPR, decreases the physical workload and improves the mental performance of the emergency medical service (EMS) staff during simulated emergency helicopter flights. METHODS: During simulated helicopter flights, 12 EMS teams performed manual or LUCAS-CPR on a manikin at random order...
April 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Jon Mark Hirshon, Samuel M Galvagno, Angela Comer, Michael G Millin, Douglas J Floccare, Richard L Alcorta, Benjamin J Lawner, Asa M Margolis, Jose V Nable, Robert R Bass
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) has become a well-established component of modern trauma systems. It is an expensive, limited resource with potential safety concerns. Helicopter EMS activation criteria intended to increase efficiency and reduce inappropriate use remain elusive and difficult to measure. This study evaluates the effect of statewide field trauma triage changes on helicopter EMS use and patient outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted from the helicopter EMS computer-aided dispatch database for in-state scene flights and from the state Trauma Registry for all trauma patients directly admitted from the scene or transferred to trauma centers from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2011...
March 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Dennis Den Hartog, Jamie Romeo, Akkie N Ringburg, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Physician-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) provide specialist medical care to the accident scene and aim to improve survival of severely injured patients. Previous studies were often underpowered and showed heterogeneous results, leaving the subject at debate. The aim of this retrospective, adequately powered, observational study was to determine the effect of physician-staffed HEMS assistance on survival of severely injured patients. METHODS: All consecutive severely injured trauma patients (ISS >15) between October 1, 2000 and February 28, 2013 were included...
July 2015: Injury
S Günkel, M König, R Albrecht, M Brüesch, R Lefering, K Sprengel, C M L Werner, H-P Simmen, G A Wanner
The influence of the transport mode, i.e. Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) versus ground-based Emergency Medical Service (EMS) on the mortality of multiple trauma patients is still controversially discussed in the literature. In this study a total of 333 multiple trauma patients treated over a 1-year period in a level I trauma center in Switzerland were analyzed. Using the newly established revised injury severity classification (RISC) score there was a tendency towards a better outcome for patients transported by HEMS (standardized mortality ratio 1...
March 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Joost Peters, Loes Bruijstens, Jeroen van der Ploeg, Edward Tan, Nico Hoogerwerf, Michael Edwards
BACKGROUND: Airway management is essential in critically ill or injured patients. In a "can't intubate, can't oxygenate" scenario, an emergency surgical airway (ESA), similar to a cricothyroidotomy, is the final step in airway management. This procedure is infrequently performed in the prehospital or clinical setting. The incidence of ESA may differ between physician- and non-physician-staffed emergency medical services (EMS). We examined the indications and results of ESA procedures among our physician-staffed EMS compared with non-physician-staffed services...
May 2015: Injury
A C Scholten, S A A Berben, A H Westmaas, P M van Grunsven, E T de Vaal, P P M Rood, N Hoogerwerf, C J M Doggen, L Schoonhoven
INTRODUCTION: Acute pain in trauma patients in emergency care is still undertreated. Early pain treatment is assumed to effectively reduce pain in patients and improve long-term outcomes. In order to improve pain management in the chain of emergency care, a national evidence-based guideline was developed. The aim of this study was to assess whether current practice is in compliance with the guideline 'Pain management for trauma patients in the chain of emergency care' from the Netherlands Association for Emergency Nurses (in Dutch NVSHV), and to evaluate early and initial pain management for adult trauma patients in emergency care...
May 2015: Injury
Brian H Cheung, M Kit Delgado, Kristan L Staudenmayer
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) transport is expensive, and previous work has shown that cost-effective use of this resource is dependent on the proportion of minor injuries flown. To understand how overtriage to helicopter EMS versus ground EMS can be reduced, it is important to understand factors associated with helicopter transport of patients with minor injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to characterize patient and hospital characteristics associated with helicopter transport of patients with minor injuries...
November 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Sammy Yu, John S Cole
A 48-year-old man was found by his neighbor unconscious on the floor at his residence. Earlier in the day, his neighbor reported noticing the patient was becoming more short of breath and having some trouble speaking. The neighbor alerted EMS. Upon EMS arrival, the patient was tachypneic with a room air O2 saturation in the 60s. A LifeFlight helicopter responded to transfer this patient to a tertiary care center from his home in a rural farming community.
September 2014: Air Medical Journal
Michael Koval
Narrowbanding has caused numerous communication issues. The solution is to use a mutual aid frequency like 123.025. That frequency is 155.3400, and every helicopter emergency medical service operator and emergency medical service agency should name this frequency as "EMS [Emergency Medical Services] Mutual Aid" and preset this frequency for all helicopter emergency medical service scene operations.
September 2014: Air Medical Journal
Jaron J Soulek, Annette O Arthur, Emily Williams, Christoph Schieche, Noah Banister, Stephen H Thomas
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate consistency/predictability of interfacility flight times (IFFTs) and accuracy of geographical information system (GIS) software packages for estimating IFFT. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted by a program using a Bell 206 assessed the first 1000 IF transports occurring on 137 "runs" (ie, referring-receiving hospital pairings) made at least twice. GIS IFFT estimates using Google Earth™ (GE) and ArcGIS™ (AG) were compared against actual IFFT using linear regression; univariate analysis included assessment of medians with 95% binomial exact confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 2014: Air Medical Journal
A Gries, W Lenz, P Stahl, R Spiess, T Luiz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that when using several emergency systems and air rescue prehospital and on-scene times are extended, depending on the dispatch strategy. Emergency medical services (EMS) in Germany are delivered by ambulances (AMB) staffed by paramedics alone or with physicians (EMD) and by helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) always staffed by both. The advantages of HEMS in countries with short transport distances and high hospital density are controversial...
July 2014: Der Anaesthesist
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Todd A Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of helicopter transport with survival of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), in comparison with ground emergency medical services (EMS). BACKGROUND: Helicopter utilization and its effect on the outcomes of TBI remain controversial. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients with TBI who were registered in the National Trauma Data Bank between 2009 and 2011. Regression techniques with propensity score matching were used to investigate the association of helicopter transport with survival of patients with TBI, in comparison with ground EMS...
March 2015: Annals of Surgery
Symeon Missios, Kimon Bekelis
The use of helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) for pediatric trauma patients is an issue of debate. We investigated the association of helicopter transport with survival of pediatric patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients with TBI who were transported to level I and II trauma centers and were registered in the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) between 2009 and 2011. We used regression techniques, integrating the results of propensity score matching, to investigate the association of helicopter transport with survival, in comparison with ground EMS...
July 15, 2014: Journal of Neurotrauma
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