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Helicopter EMS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460858/analysis-of-out-of-hospital-pediatric-intubation-by%C3%A2-an-australian-helicopter-emergency-medical%C3%A2-service
#1
Brian J Burns, Joanna B Watterson, Sandra Ware, Luke Regan, Cliff Reid
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine first-look success in emergency pediatric intubation by a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (EMS). METHODS: A database analysis of all pediatric (<16 years) intubations during a 64-month period was undertaken, using data from a prospectively enrolled electronic airway registry form. Recorded findings included patient demographics, operator background, airway intervention including intubation attempts, complications, and critical timings...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103121/comparison-of-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-transport-types-and-delays-on-patient-outcomes-at-two-level-i-trauma-centers
#2
Brodie Nolan, Homer Tien, Bruce Sawadsky, Sandro Rizoli, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips, Alun Ackery
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have become an engrained component of trauma systems. In Ontario, transportation for trauma patients is through one of three ways: scene call, modified scene call, or interfacility transfer. We hypothesize that differences exist between these types of transports in both patient demographics and patient outcomes. This study compares the characteristics of patients transported by each of these methods to two level 1 trauma centers and assesses for any impact on morbidity or mortality...
May 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030491/severe-injuries-associated-with-skiing-and-snowboarding-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#3
Amory de Roulet, Kenji Inaba, Aaron Strumwasser, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Daniel Grabo, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries after skiing and snowboarding accidents lead to an estimated 7,000 hospital admissions annually and present a significant burden to the health care system. The epidemiology, injury patterns, hospital resource utilization, and outcomes associated with these severe injuries need further characterization. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried for the period 2007 to 2014 for admissions with Injury Severity Score > 15 and International Classification of Diseases Codes-9th Revision codes 885...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998633/limitations-in-prehospital-communication-between-trauma-helicopter-ambulance-services-and-dispatch-centers
#4
Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Georgios Giannakopoulos, Gaby Franschman, Herman Christiaans, Frank Bloemers
BACKGROUND: Prehospital communication with Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is carried out in hectic situations. Proper communication among all medical personal is required to enhance collaboration, to provide the best care and enable shared situational awareness. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to give insight into current Dutch prehospital emergency care communication among all EMS and evaluate the usage of a new physician staffed helicopter EMS (P-HEMS) cancellation model...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927189/prehospital-critical-care-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-an-observational-study-examining-survival-and-a-stakeholder-focused-cost-analysis
#5
Johannes von Vopelius-Feldt, Jane Powell, Richard Morris, Jonathan Benger
BACKGROUND: Survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain low, despite remarkable efforts to improve care. A number of ambulance services in the United Kingdom (UK) have developed prehospital critical care teams (CCTs) which attend critically ill patients, including OHCA. However, current scientific evidence describing CCTs attending OHCA is sparse and research to date has not demonstrated clear benefits from this model of care. METHODS: This prospective, observational study will describe the effect of CCTs on survival from OHCA, when compared to advanced-life-support (ALS), the current standard of prehospital care in the UK...
December 7, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918864/comparison-of-emergency-medical-services-and-trauma-care-systems-among-pan-asian-countries-an-international-multicenter-population-based-survey
#6
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906867/external-validation-of-the-air-medical-prehospital-triage-score-for-identifying-trauma-patients-likely-to-benefit-from-scene-helicopter-transport
#7
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Francis X Guyette, Matthew R Rosengart, Nicole A Stassen, Raquel M Forsythe, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: The Air Medical Prehospital Triage (AMPT) score was developed to identify injured patients who may benefit from scene helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transport. External validation using a different data set is essential to ensure reliable performance. The study objective was to validate the effectiveness of the AMPT score to identify patients with a survival benefit from HEMS using the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry. METHODS: Patients 16 years or older undergoing scene HEMS or ground EMS (GEMS) transport in the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry 2000-2013 were included...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894559/helicopter-transport-in-regionalized-burn-care-one-program-s-perspective
#8
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa
BACKGROUND: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care. METHODS: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894558/helicopter-scene-response-for-stroke-patients-a-5-year-experience
#9
Andrew Hawk, Catherine Marco, Matt Huang, Bonnie Chow
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of an emergency medical service (EMS)-requested air medical helicopter response directly to the scene for a patient with clinical evidence of an ischemic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transport to a regional comprehensive CVA center. METHODS: CareFlight, an air medical critical care transportation service, is based in Dayton, OH. The 3 CareFlight helicopters are geographically located and provided transport to all CVA scene patients in this study...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833679/endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressures-in-patients-intubated-prior-to-helicopter-ems-transport
#10
Joseph Tennyson, Tucker Ford-Webb, Stacy Weisberg, Donald LeBlanc
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation is a common intervention in critical care patients undergoing helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transportation. Measurement of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff pressures is not common practice in patients referred to our service. Animal studies have demonstrated an association between the pressure of the ETT cuff on the tracheal mucosa and decreased blood flow leading to mucosal ischemia and scarring. Cuff pressures greater than 30 cmH2O impede mucosal capillary blood flow...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806488/in-hospital-outcome-based-on-the-mode-of-ems-transportation-in-a-high-income-rapidly-developing-middle-eastern-country
#11
Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar, Yugan Pillay, Monira Mollazehi, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Rafael Consunji
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are considered as a standard component of advanced pre-hospital emergency care system. We assessed the clinical presentation and outcomes of trauma patients transported by HEMS versus ground emergency medical services (GEMS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected trauma registry data at a level I trauma center was conducted for patients transported by GEMS and HEMS between 2011 and 2013...
July 6, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697403/the-helicopter-as-a-caring-context-experiences-of-people-suffering-trauma
#12
Linda Sandström, Carina Nilsson, Päivi Juuso, Åsa Engström
INTRODUCTION: When emergency medical services (EMS) are needed, the choice of transport depends on several factors. These may include the patient's medical condition, transport accessibility to the accident site and the receiving hospital's resources. Emergency care research is advancing, but little is known about the patient's perspective of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trauma patients' experiences of HEMS...
September 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215303/variability-of-uncrossmatched-blood-use-by-helicopter-ems-programs-in-the-united-states
#13
Alyssa Karl, Tiffany Pham, Jeff D Yanosky, Jeffrey Lubin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Some helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) maintain an independent supply of blood for use during transport, although practice is variable and not well described. We aimed to characterize the blood-carrying practices by HEMS programs across the United States. METHODS: Online surveys were sent to the leadership of the 261 HEMS programs nationwide listed in the 2011 Atlas and Database of Air Medical Services (ADAMS) database. We examined blood-carrying practices in aggregate, including typical transport time, proportion of scene transports, and local population density...
November 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003522/-not-available
#14
REVIEW
Mikael Gellerfors, Dan Gryth, Hans Morten Lossius, Joacim Linde
For the most severely injured and unstable patients physician staffed second tier emergency medical service (EMS) units are used in many European areas. Physician staffed prehospital care is associated with a high rate of survival, advanced trauma care and beneficial cost-effectiveness. In the Nordic countries anaesthesiologists staff the rapid response cars and ambulance helicopters. This article reviews the current status of physician EMS in Sweden and the rapid development of new prehospital intensive care methods...
March 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986053/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-helicopter-inter-facility-transport-of-trauma-patients-to-tertiary-trauma-centers-within-an-organized-rural-trauma-system
#15
Kenneth Stewart, Tabitha Garwe, Naresh Bhandari, Brandon Danford, Roxie Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: A review of the literature yielded little information regarding factors associated with the decision to use ground (GEMS) or helicopter (HEMS) emergency medical services for trauma patients transferred inter-facility. Furthermore, studies evaluating the impact of inter-facility transport mode on mortality have reported mixed findings. Since HEMS transport is generally reserved for more severely injured patients, this introduces indication bias, which may explain the mixed findings...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26852548/when-size-matters-offshore-helicopter-ems-operations-providing-medical-and-resue-services-to-the-offshore-oil-industry-is-a-massive-mission
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611220/prehospital-helicopter-air-ambulances-part-2-utilization-criteria-and-training
#17
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVES: The decision to request a helicopter air ambulance (HAA) is critical and complex. Emergency medical service (EMS) professionals must know how to appropriately and safely use HAA resources. We sought to describe important criteria for using HAA and the prevalence of HAA-related training among EMS professionals. Then, we identified characteristics associated with receiving training. METHODS: We sent an electronic questionnaire to all nationally certified EMS professionals...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611219/prehospital-helicopter-air-ambulances-part-1-access-protocols-and-utilization
#18
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: In the prehospital setting, helicopter air ambulances (HAAs) are used to bring advanced care to patients and reduce time to definitive care. Research related to emergency medical service (EMS) professionals' access to medical helicopters, protocols for HAA use, and prevalence of HAA transport for different patient types is sparse. Our first objective was to describe EMS professionals' access to HAA and the prevalence of written protocols regarding their use. Next, we looked at HAA use for specific patient types (trauma, nontraumatic chest pain, stroke, and pediatric)...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26576860/mechanical-lucas-resuscitation-is-effective-reduces-physical-workload-and-improves-mental-performance-of-helicopter-teams
#19
Gregor Rehatschek, Marcus Muench, Ingmar Schenk, Wienand Dittrich, Jens C Schewe, Cornelius Dirk, Rudolf Hering
BACKGROUND: Physical and mental workload during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is challenging under extreme working conditions. We hypothesized that the mechanical chest-compression device Lund University Cardiac Assist System (LUCAS) increases the effectiveness of CPR, decreases the physical workload and improves the mental performance of the emergency medical service (EMS) staff during simulated emergency helicopter flights. METHODS: During simulated helicopter flights, 12 EMS teams performed manual or LUCAS-CPR on a manikin at random order...
April 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26433494/maryland-s-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-experience-from-2001-to-2011-system-improvements-and-patients-outcomes
#20
Jon Mark Hirshon, Samuel M Galvagno, Angela Comer, Michael G Millin, Douglas J Floccare, Richard L Alcorta, Benjamin J Lawner, Asa M Margolis, Jose V Nable, Robert R Bass
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) has become a well-established component of modern trauma systems. It is an expensive, limited resource with potential safety concerns. Helicopter EMS activation criteria intended to increase efficiency and reduce inappropriate use remain elusive and difficult to measure. This study evaluates the effect of statewide field trauma triage changes on helicopter EMS use and patient outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted from the helicopter EMS computer-aided dispatch database for in-state scene flights and from the state Trauma Registry for all trauma patients directly admitted from the scene or transferred to trauma centers from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2011...
March 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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