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Helicopter EMS

Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Francis X Guyette, Matthew R Rosengart, Nicole A Stassen, Raquel M Forsythe, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: The Air Medical Prehospital Triage (AMPT) score was developed to identify injured patients who may benefit from scene helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transport. External validation using a different dataset is essential to ensure reliable performance. The study objective was to validate the effectiveness of the AMPT score to identify patients with a survival benefit from HEMS using the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study (PTOS) registry. METHODS: Patients age≥16years undergoing scene HEMS or ground EMS (GEMS) transport in the PTOS registry 2000-2013 were included...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa
BACKGROUND: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care. METHODS: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
Andrew Hawk, Catherine Marco, Matt Huang, Bonnie Chow
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of an emergency medical service (EMS)-requested air medical helicopter response directly to the scene for a patient with clinical evidence of an ischemic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transport to a regional comprehensive CVA center. METHODS: CareFlight, an air medical critical care transportation service, is based in Dayton, OH. The 3 CareFlight helicopters are geographically located and provided transport to all CVA scene patients in this study...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
Joseph Tennyson, Tucker Ford-Webb, Stacy Weisberg, Donald LeBlanc
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation is a common intervention in critical care patients undergoing helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transportation. Measurement of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff pressures is not common practice in patients referred to our service. Animal studies have demonstrated an association between the pressure of the ETT cuff on the tracheal mucosa and decreased blood flow leading to mucosal ischemia and scarring. Cuff pressures greater than 30 cmH2O impede mucosal capillary blood flow...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar, Yugan Pillay, Monira Mollazehi, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Rafael Consunji
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are considered as a standard component of advanced pre-hospital emergency care system. We assessed the clinical presentation and outcomes of trauma patients transported by HEMS versus ground emergency medical services (GEMS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected trauma registry data at a level I trauma center was conducted for patients transported by GEMS and HEMS between 2011 and 2013...
July 6, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Linda Sandström, Carina Nilsson, Päivi Juuso, Åsa Engström
INTRODUCTION: When emergency medical services (EMS) are needed, the choice of transport depends on several factors. These may include the patient's medical condition, transport accessibility to the accident site and the receiving hospital's resources. Emergency care research is advancing, but little is known about the patient's perspective of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trauma patients' experiences of HEMS...
September 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Alyssa Karl, Tiffany Pham, Jeff D Yanosky, Jeffrey Lubin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Some helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) maintain an independent supply of blood for use during transport, although practice is variable and not well described. We aimed to characterize the blood-carrying practices by HEMS programs across the United States. METHODS: Online surveys were sent to the leadership of the 261 HEMS programs nationwide listed in the 2011 Atlas and Database of Air Medical Services (ADAMS) database. We examined blood-carrying practices in aggregate, including typical transport time, proportion of scene transports, and local population density...
May 23, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Mikael Gellerfors, Dan Gryth, Hans Morten Lossius, Joacim Linde
For the most severely injured and unstable patients physician staffed second tier emergency medical service (EMS) units are used in many European areas. Physician staffed prehospital care is associated with a high rate of survival, advanced trauma care and beneficial cost-effectiveness. In the Nordic countries anaesthesiologists staff the rapid response cars and ambulance helicopters. This article reviews the current status of physician EMS in Sweden and the rapid development of new prehospital intensive care methods...
2016: Läkartidningen
Kenneth Stewart, Tabitha Garwe, Naresh Bhandari, Brandon Danford, Roxie Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: A review of the literature yielded little information regarding factors associated with the decision to use ground (GEMS) or helicopter (HEMS) emergency medical services for trauma patients transferred inter-facility. Furthermore, studies evaluating the impact of inter-facility transport mode on mortality have reported mixed findings. Since HEMS transport is generally reserved for more severely injured patients, this introduces indication bias, which may explain the mixed findings...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVES: The decision to request a helicopter air ambulance (HAA) is critical and complex. Emergency medical service (EMS) professionals must know how to appropriately and safely use HAA resources. We sought to describe important criteria for using HAA and the prevalence of HAA-related training among EMS professionals. Then, we identified characteristics associated with receiving training. METHODS: We sent an electronic questionnaire to all nationally certified EMS professionals...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: In the prehospital setting, helicopter air ambulances (HAAs) are used to bring advanced care to patients and reduce time to definitive care. Research related to emergency medical service (EMS) professionals' access to medical helicopters, protocols for HAA use, and prevalence of HAA transport for different patient types is sparse. Our first objective was to describe EMS professionals' access to HAA and the prevalence of written protocols regarding their use. Next, we looked at HAA use for specific patient types (trauma, nontraumatic chest pain, stroke, and pediatric)...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
Gregor Rehatschek, Marcus Muench, Ingmar Schenk, Wienand Dittrich, Jens C Schewe, Cornelius Dirk, Rudolf Hering
BACKGROUND: Physical and mental workload during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is challenging under extreme working conditions. We hypothesized that the mechanical chest-compression device Lund University Cardiac Assist System (LUCAS) increases the effectiveness of CPR, decreases the physical workload and improves the mental performance of the emergency medical service (EMS) staff during simulated emergency helicopter flights. METHODS: During simulated helicopter flights, 12 EMS teams performed manual or LUCAS-CPR on a manikin at random order...
April 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Jon Mark Hirshon, Samuel M Galvagno, Angela Comer, Michael G Millin, Douglas J Floccare, Richard L Alcorta, Benjamin J Lawner, Asa M Margolis, Jose V Nable, Robert R Bass
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) has become a well-established component of modern trauma systems. It is an expensive, limited resource with potential safety concerns. Helicopter EMS activation criteria intended to increase efficiency and reduce inappropriate use remain elusive and difficult to measure. This study evaluates the effect of statewide field trauma triage changes on helicopter EMS use and patient outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted from the helicopter EMS computer-aided dispatch database for in-state scene flights and from the state Trauma Registry for all trauma patients directly admitted from the scene or transferred to trauma centers from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2011...
March 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Dennis Den Hartog, Jamie Romeo, Akkie N Ringburg, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Physician-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) provide specialist medical care to the accident scene and aim to improve survival of severely injured patients. Previous studies were often underpowered and showed heterogeneous results, leaving the subject at debate. The aim of this retrospective, adequately powered, observational study was to determine the effect of physician-staffed HEMS assistance on survival of severely injured patients. METHODS: All consecutive severely injured trauma patients (ISS >15) between October 1, 2000 and February 28, 2013 were included...
July 2015: Injury
S Günkel, M König, R Albrecht, M Brüesch, R Lefering, K Sprengel, C M L Werner, H-P Simmen, G A Wanner
The influence of the transport mode, i.e. Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) versus ground-based Emergency Medical Service (EMS) on the mortality of multiple trauma patients is still controversially discussed in the literature. In this study a total of 333 multiple trauma patients treated over a 1-year period in a level I trauma center in Switzerland were analyzed. Using the newly established revised injury severity classification (RISC) score there was a tendency towards a better outcome for patients transported by HEMS (standardized mortality ratio 1...
March 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Joost Peters, Loes Bruijstens, Jeroen van der Ploeg, Edward Tan, Nico Hoogerwerf, Michael Edwards
BACKGROUND: Airway management is essential in critically ill or injured patients. In a "can't intubate, can't oxygenate" scenario, an emergency surgical airway (ESA), similar to a cricothyroidotomy, is the final step in airway management. This procedure is infrequently performed in the prehospital or clinical setting. The incidence of ESA may differ between physician- and non-physician-staffed emergency medical services (EMS). We examined the indications and results of ESA procedures among our physician-staffed EMS compared with non-physician-staffed services...
May 2015: Injury
A C Scholten, S A A Berben, A H Westmaas, P M van Grunsven, E T de Vaal, P P M Rood, N Hoogerwerf, C J M Doggen, L Schoonhoven
INTRODUCTION: Acute pain in trauma patients in emergency care is still undertreated. Early pain treatment is assumed to effectively reduce pain in patients and improve long-term outcomes. In order to improve pain management in the chain of emergency care, a national evidence-based guideline was developed. The aim of this study was to assess whether current practice is in compliance with the guideline 'Pain management for trauma patients in the chain of emergency care' from the Netherlands Association for Emergency Nurses (in Dutch NVSHV), and to evaluate early and initial pain management for adult trauma patients in emergency care...
May 2015: Injury
Brian H Cheung, M Kit Delgado, Kristan L Staudenmayer
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) transport is expensive, and previous work has shown that cost-effective use of this resource is dependent on the proportion of minor injuries flown. To understand how overtriage to helicopter EMS versus ground EMS can be reduced, it is important to understand factors associated with helicopter transport of patients with minor injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to characterize patient and hospital characteristics associated with helicopter transport of patients with minor injuries...
November 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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