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Aeromedical

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921349/clinical-diagnoses-leading-to-suspension-in-army-aircrew-an-epidemiological-study
#1
Ian P Curry, Amanda M Kelley, Steven J Gaydos
INTRODUCTION: There have been few large-scale epidemiological examinations of military aircrew populations reported in recent literature. This study examined 10 yr of medical records contained in the U.S. Army Aeromedical Electronic Resource Office (AERO) in an effort to identify the most prevalent conditions affecting Army aviator career longevity. METHODS: This study was a retrospective epidemiological review; data were retrieved on 24,568 rated aircrew patients from the AERO database, of whom 5...
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899311/duty-of-notification-and-aviation-safety-a-study-of-fatal-aviation-accidents-in-the-united-states-in-2015
#2
Alpo Vuorio, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Tanja Laukkala, Ilkka Junttila, Stein E Kravik, Robin Griffiths
After the Germanwings accident, the French Safety Investigation Authority (BEA) recommended that the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Community (EC) develop clear rules for the duty of notification process. Aeromedical practitioners (AMEs) face a dilemma when considering the duty of notification and conflicts between pilot privacy and public and third-party safety. When balancing accountability, knowledge of the duty of notification process, legislation and the clarification of a doctor’s own set of values should be assessed a priori...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789096/use-of-the-fieseler-stork-in-world-war-ii-aeromedical-evacuation
#3
Viktor Harsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#4
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685555/prevalence-of-benign-epileptiform-variants-during-initial-eeg-examination-in-french-military-aircrew
#5
Jonathan Monin, Estelle Pruvost-Robieux, Nicolas Huiban, Angela Marchi, Benoit Crepon, Dominique Dubourdieu, Eric Perrier, Martine Gavaret
INTRODUCTION: In France, a systematic EEG is performed during initial examination in military aircrew applicants, which may provide an estimation of the prevalence of benign epileptiform variants in healthy adults. METHODS: We analyzed standard EEG (21 scalp electrodes, 20minutes, 400Hz sampling rate) of military aircrew applicants examined in the French Main Aeromedical Center in 2016. EEGs were analyzed using both bipolar and referential montages. The collected data were EEG abnormalities and benign epileptiform variants...
June 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673431/the-aeromedical-management-of-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Charles Reese, Alaistair Bushby, Berit H Munkeby, Sébastien Coste, Višnja Livajić Pezer, Lars Rosenkvist
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is a prevalent condition warranting special aeromedical consideration due to its potential for acute and painful manifestations involving the middle ear or paranasal sinuses during rapid barometric pressure changes. Although second generation antihistamines and intranasal steroids are safe and effective treatments for this common condition, aeromedical management varies. METHODS: An aeromedical policy review of 14 public access civil and military data repositories was undertaken...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606678/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-a-bridge-to-flight-survival
#7
Carl Goforth, Matthew Bradley, Benilani Pineda, Suzanne See, Jason Pasley
Trauma endures as the leading cause of death worldwide, and most deaths occur in the first 24 hours after initial injury as a result of hemorrhage. Historically, about 90% of battlefield deaths occur before the injured person arrives at a theater hospital, and most are due to noncompressible hemorrhage of the torso. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta is an evolving technique to quickly place a balloon into the thoracic or abdominal aorta to efficiently block blood flow to distal circulation...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606676/an-occupational-paradox-why-do-we-love-really-tough-jobs
#8
Penny F Pierce, Margaret M McNeill, Susan F Dukes
BACKGROUND: Sometimes we come upon unexpected or counterfactual results during research that make us wonder and lead us into unknown territory. Such was the experience of a team of Air Force researchers exploring aeromedical evacuation crew members' experiences of safety and patient care concerns throughout the en route care system. OBJECTIVE: To explore what it is about the aeromedical evacuation crew members' occupation that generates a strong motivation to the mission despite the demands it places on its workers...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606675/factors-that-affect-pain-management-in-aeromedical-evacuation-an-ethnographic-approach
#9
Jennifer Hatzfeld, Jennifer Serres, Susan Dukes
BACKGROUND: Pain management is a challenge in the transport setting, but actual factors that influence pain have not been assessed systematically. OBJECTIVE: To describe the environmental factors and social context that affect pain management in military aeromedical evacuation. METHODS: Field notes were taken throughout flight, including observational measures of pain, environmental factors, and interactions between the patient and crew. Data collection was completed on 8 missions and 16 patients; common themes were identified that should be considered in the management of pain in aeromedical evacuation...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606674/reducing-the-risk-for-pressure-injury-during-combat-evacuation
#10
Elizabeth Bridges, JoAnne D Whitney, Robert Burr, Ernesto Tolentino
BACKGROUND: Combat casualties undergoing aeromedical evacuation are at increased risk for pressure injuries. The risk factors pressure and shear are potentially modifiable via solutions appropriate for en route care. OBJECTIVES: To compare transcutaneous oxygen levels and skin temperatures in healthy participants under offloaded (side lying) and loaded (supine or supine with 30° backrest elevation) under 4 conditions: control (no intervention), Mepilex sacral and heel dressings, LiquiCell pad, and Mepilex plus LiquiCell...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606672/critical-care-performance-in-a-simulated-military-aircraft-cabin-environment
#11
Margaret M McNeill
BACKGROUND: Critical Care Air Transport Teams care for 5% to 10% of injured patients who are transported on military aircraft to definitive treatment facilities. Little is known about how the aeromedical evacuation environment affects care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 2 stressors of flight, altitude-induced hypoxia and aircraft noise, and to examine the contributions of fatigue and clinical experience on cognitive and physiological performance of the Critical Care Air Transport Team...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562968/epidemiology-of-airmen-treated-with-immunosuppressive-drugs-and-vaccination-concerns
#12
Gaetan Guiu, Jonathan Monin, Anne-Pia Hamm-Hornez, Olivier Manen, Eric Perrier
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive treatments are increasingly prescribed in a variety of diseases. This issue concerns airmen. METHODS: To assess the problem, we conducted an observational retrospective study in the aircrew population examined in 2014 at the Aeromedical Center of Percy Military Hospital. RESULTS: Airmen treated with immunosuppressive drugs accounted for 0.5% of the total population (N = 13,326). Rheumatic and digestive diseases were the main etiologies, respectively 43% and 35% of cases...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547118/digital-replantation-in-forward-surgical-units-a-cases-study
#13
Laurent Mathieu, Michel Levadoux, Emmanuel Soucany de Landevoisin, Tarun J McBride Windsor, Sylvain Rigal
INTRODUCTION: Noncombat-related hand injuries are common in current theatres of operations. Crushing is one of the most frequent mechanisms that may cause traumatic amputations of digits. In the military setting, management of these digital amputations is challenging regarding limitation in microsurgical means in medical treatment facilities and aeromedical evacuation delays out of the combat zone. METHODS: Two cases of digital replantation performed in French forward surgical units are described...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521788/broad-horizons-a-history-of-australian-aeromedical-retrieval
#14
Simon Hendel, Timothy Duncan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443862/red-tides-mass-casualty-and-whole-blood-at-sea-red-tides
#15
Benjamin T Miller, Andrew H Lin, Susan C Clark, Andrew P Cap, Joseph J Dubose
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Navy's casualty-receiving ships provide remote damage control resuscitation (RDCR) platforms to treat injured combatants deployed afloat and ashore. We report a significant mass casualty incident aboard the USS Bataan, and the most warm fresh whole blood (WFWB) transfused at sea for traumatic hemorrhagic shock since the Vietnam War. METHODS: Casualty-receiving ships have robust medical capabilities, including a frozen blood bank with packed red blood cells (pRBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386717/casualty-air-evacuation-sine-quo-non-of-combat-casualty
#16
C K Ranjan, Piush Renjhen
Management of combat casualties has always been a challenging task. Armed Forces world over have developed effective casualty air evacuation mechanisms. The history of casualty evacuation dates back to 1870s. The first evacuation of casualty by air was during the First World War. The paper highlights the background and evolution of air evacuation in the world and discusses the Indian Scenario of casualty air evacuation. The casualty evacuation capabilities of the aircrafts in the Indian Air Force (IAF) are highlighted...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386715/aeromedical-solutions-for-aerospace-safety
#17
Pawan Kapoor, Deepak Gaur
All facets of activity in the speciality of Aviation Medicine are essentially aimed at enhancing aerospace safety. This paper highlights some innovative changes brought about by Aerospace Medicine in the three major fields of the speciality namely, medical evaluation, aeromedical training and research. Based on lab and field studies, military aircrew are now permitted flying with Modifinil as 'Go' Pill and Zolpidem as 'No-Go' Pill during sustained operations. Several other drugs for disabilities like Hypertension and CAD are now permitted for aviators...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228515/aging-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-european-hems-pilots-an-assessment-of-occupational-old-age-limits-as-a-regulatory-risk-management-strategy
#18
Hans Bauer, Dennis Nowak, Britta Herbig
Old-age limits are imposed in some occupations in an effort to ensure public safety. In aviation, the "Age 60 Rule" limits permissible flight operations conducted by pilots aged 60 and over. Using a retrospective cohort design, we assessed this rule's validity by comparing age-related change rates of cardiometabolic incapacitation risk markers in European helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) pilots near age 60 with those in younger pilots. Specifically, individual clinical, laboratory, and electrocardiogram (ECG)-based risk markers and an overall cardiovascular event risk score were determined from aeromedical examination records of 66 German, Austrian, Polish, and Czech HEMS pilots (average follow-up 8...
December 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164175/aeromedical-transport-of-critically-ill-infants-less-than-3-months-of-age
#19
Anil P George, Akshay Sharma, Scottie B Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158243/point-of-care-lactate-testing-for-sepsis-at-presentation-to-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-patient-outcomes
#20
Elizabeth Morris, David McCartney, Daniel Lasserson, Ann Van den Bruel, Rebecca Fisher, Gail Hayward
BACKGROUND: Lactate is measured in hospital settings to identify patients with sepsis and severe infections, and to guide initiation of early treatment. Point-of-care technology could facilitate measurement of lactate by clinicians in the community. However, there has been little research into its utility in these environments. AIM: To investigate the effect of using point-of-care lactate at presentation to health care on mortality and other clinical outcomes, in patients presenting with acute infections...
December 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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