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Maxillary fractures

Florian Wagner, Rudolf Seemann, Mauro Marincola, Rolf Ewers
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report on 1-year outcomes of fixed full-arch fiber-reinforced resin bridges on short implants in atrophic maxillary jaws. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was designed and patients with severely atrophic maxillas, corresponding to Cawood and Howell Classes V and VI, were included. Mesial and distal peri-implant bone levels were assessed on panoramic radiographs that were taken at the time of implant insertion (baseline) and during follow-up visits...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hyung-In Yoon, Paul J Sohn, Sharon Jin, Elani Hawazin, Sang J Lee
PURPOSE: To examine the fracture resistance of premolars restored with CAD/CAM lithium disilicate mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) inlays and onlays of different cavity designs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two widths of occlusal isthmus (75%, 100% of intercuspal distance) and three designs of cuspal coverage (none, palatal, complete) were used for the preparation of MOD inlays and onlays in the extracted maxillary premolars. Sixty lithium disilicate restorations were milled and bonded into the cavities...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Chih-Wen Cheng, Chia-Hui Chien, Chun-Jung Chen, Panos Papaspyridakos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to investigate the prosthetic outcomes of posterior implant-supported single crowns (SCs) with a modified monolithic zirconia or metal-ceramic design at 1 year of loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty participants with 73 dental implants in need of at least 1 maxillary or mandibular posterior implant-supported SC were consecutively selected for this study. The included participants were randomly divided into modified monolithic zirconia (MMZ) and metal-ceramic (MC) groups...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Jose Darío Sánchez López, Paolo Cariati, Miguel Angel Perez de Perveval Tara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Omri Emodi, Saleh Nseir, Dekel Shilo, Hanna Srouji, Adi Rachmiel
Isolated orbital wall fractures account for 4% to 16% of all facial fractures. Even a modest change in the position of the bony walls can have a significant impact on orbital volume and globe position. Alloplastic materials or autogenous bone grafts such as the antral maxillary wall can be used to reconstruct small- to medium-size orbital fractures. The main advantage of an antral wall graft is the intraoral approach with minimal morbidity. Nine patients underwent repair of orbital floor fractures using the extraoral and the intraoral antral wall approach...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kun Hwang, XiaJing Wu, Hun Kim, Young Hye Kang
The aim of this study was to elucidate the precise location of the maxillary ostium using computed tomography for the reduction of depressed nasomaxillary fractures.Computed tomography images (61 males, 42 females; age range, 3-97 years) were analyzed. Coronal sections were cut every 3 mm.The primary maxillary ostium (PMO) was located 24.7% ± 3.9% of bizygomatic distance (BZD) lateral to septum. The horizontal distance of the PMO significantly increased with age (P = 0.032). The PMO was located 53...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Pedro Henrique de Azambuja Carvalho, Robson Rodrigues Garcia, Cristiane Bonanato Estrela, Valfrido Antônio Pereira Filho
A 23 year old male patient was submitted to surgical assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). There were any postoperative complications until the finish of orthodontic expansion process. However, in the 30th postoperative day, patient mentioned pain in upper central incisor. Periapical radiography evidenced a root fracture of central upper right incisor. After endodontic treatment, the fractured apex was removed. After 3 years of follow-up, the patient finished orthodontics, and the damaged tooth was in good aspect...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Erhan Tuğcu, Burçin Vanlıoğlu, Yasemin Kulak Özkan, Yilmat Umut Aslan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the marginal adaptation and fracture load of ceramic laminate veneers on teeth with different preparation depths. A total of 75 extracted intact human maxillary central incisors were prepared with three different preparation depths (P) and assigned to the following five groups (n = 15): P1 (0.3-mm depth of preparation; preparation entirely in enamel); P2 (0.5-mm depth of preparation; preparation in enamel and dentin complex); P3 (1-mm depth of preparation; preparation entirely in dentin); P4 (no preparation, only surface roughening); and P5 (unrestored, intact teeth as control)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Hyun M Cho, Hyung M Kim, Kun Hwang
The authors developed a technique for reducing the fractured segment by introducing an elevator through the accessory maxillary ostium (AMO).Through an upper gingivolabial vestibular incision, the fractured segments were exposed. In cases where no cleft was available for inserting the elevator, the blunt end of a Cottle elevator was inserted into the AMO via a nasal approach. The curved blunt end of a Cottle elevator was inserted into the middle meatus and the AMO was felt at the medial wall of the maxillary sinus...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva, Felipe Gonçalves Belladonna, Marianna Fernandes Carapiá, Brenda Leite Muniz, Mariana Santoro Rocha, Edson Jorge Lima Moreira
Objectives: This study evaluated the amount of remaining root canal filling materials after retreatment procedures performed by undergraduate students using manual, rotary, and reciprocating techniques through micro-computed tomographic analysis. The incidence of instrument fracture and the instrumentation time were also evaluated. Materials and Methods: Thirty maxillary single rooted teeth were prepared with Reciproc R25 files and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer by the continuous wave of condensation technique...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Knut Nottrott, Cécile De Guio, Michael Schramme
We report an unusual case of a young Quarter Horse with a large dental fracture fragment displaced into the maxillary sinus, leaving an oroantral communication that caused food impaction and metaplastic calcification in the sinus and facial deformation with cutaneous fistulation. Oral extraction of a remaining tooth fragment from its alveolus was succeeded by a maxillary sinusotomy for removal of the abnormal sinus contents. Since the oroantral fistula did not heal spontaneously following the placement of a silicone dental prosthesis, minimally invasive transbuccal and transnasal endoscopic approaches were used to encourage closure of the oroantral fistula by alveolar granulation...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
Liyun Bai, Linlin Li, Kexin Su, Anthony Bleyer, Yuanyuan Zhang, Ping Ji
Maxillofacial injuries can be complex and are clinically important due to their functional and cosmetic significance. Maltreated and missed fractures might cause deformity of the face; thus, accurate evaluation of the fracture provided by X-ray images is critical. In this study, we explore the application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for diagnosis of severe maxillofacial traumas. A patient with a complex fracture that affects the maxilla, mandible, wall of the maxillary sinus, zygoma, zygomatic arch and nasal bone was diagnosed using 3D reconstruction of CBCT images...
2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Martin Kauke, Ali-Farid Safi, Marco Timmer, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
Mandibulo-maxillary fixation (MMF) is indispensable for mandibular fracture treatment. Various means for MMF have been proposed, of which arch bars are widely considered to be the mainstay. However, disadvantages to this method have initiated a quest for an alternative, leading to the introduction of MMF screws. MMF screws have frequently been criticized for poor stability of fracture sites, root damage, hardware failure, and nerve damage. We retrospectively evaluate the FAMI (Fixation and Adaptation in Mandibular Injuries) screw in mandibular fracture treatment by scanning for clinically and radiologically visible complications...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Nghia Huynh, Fang-Chi Li, Shimon Friedman, Anil Kishen
INTRODUCTION: Pericervical dentin (PCD) loss may increase root fracture propensity in root-filled teeth. This study evaluated the impacts of bonding PCD with composite resin (CR) on radicular microstrain distribution and load at failure of root-filled maxillary premolars. METHODS: Ten single-canal maxillary premolars decoronated 2 mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) had canals enlarged with ProTaper Universal instruments (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) to F3...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Mitul Mishra
Anterior crown fractures are a common form of traumatic dental injuries that mainly affect the maxillary incisors, especially in children and adolescents. Complicated crown fractures although less common, pose a challenge to the clinician. The main objective while treating such cases is successful pain management and immediate restoration of function, esthetics and phonetics. Since the development of the adhesive dentistry, the patient's own fragment can be used to restore the fractured tooth. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments offers a viable restorative alternative...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Hirotaka Nishiyama, Shinpei Tanaka, Reina Nemoto, Hiroyuki Miura, Kazuyoshi Baba
PURPOSE: This study introduces a newly developed zirconia complete denture (ZrD) that incorporates a ceria-stabilized zirconia/alumina nano-composite framework fabricated with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine edentulous patients received either a maxillary ZrD (n = 10) or a maxillary conventional complete denture (CD) (n = 19). Patient satisfaction was evaluated before and 12 months after prosthesis placement using the McGill Denture Satisfaction Instrument...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Xiwen Chen, Yixin Zhang, Jinru Zhou, Chenfeng Chen, Zhimin Zhu, Lei Li
The aim of this study was to investigate the adhesive property of palladium-silver alloy (Pd-Ag) and the simulated clinical performance of Pd-Ag porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM), resin-bonded, fixed partial dentures (RBFPDs). A total of 40 Pd-Ag discs (diameter=5 mm) were prepared and divided into the following four groups (n=10): a) No sandblasting, used as a control; and b, 50 µm; c, 110 µm; and d, 250 µm aluminum oxide (Al2O3) particles, respectively. Another 50 discs were pre-sandblasted and divided into five groups (n=10) subjected to different treatments: e) Sandblasting, used as a control; f) silane; g) alloy primer; h) silica coating + silane and i) silica coating + alloy primer...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Marina Dias-Neto, José F Ramos, José F Teixeira
Injuries of the supra-aortic trunk after blunt chest trauma are rare. This is a case report of a blunt traumatic lesion of the innominate artery (IA) origin that exhibited aortic arch involvement with a focus on imaging and treatment. A 41-year-old fisherman presented an IA injury secondary to a high-impact blunt chest trauma. Upon physical examination, vital signs were stable and upper extremity pulses were present. In addition to several bone fractures (costal ribs, clavicle, scapula, temporal, maxillary, and sphenoid), computed tomography angiography revealed dissection/pseudoaneurysm of the IA sparing the bifurcation...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Priyal Naresh Shah, Ankit V Arora, Sonali V Kapoor
The aim of this study was to recognize the importance of canalis sinuosus in Endodontics. A 60-year-old male patient reported with the chief complaint of pain and swelling in upper front tooth region for 2 weeks with a history of trauma 21 years back. Clinical examination revealed fractured tooth 21 (maxillary left central incisor) with an associated sinus tract. Radiographic examination revealed diffuse periapical radiolucency in relation to tooth 21 and external resorptive defect in apical third of the root of tooth 11 (maxillary right central incisor)...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Dhanalaxmi Karre, Radhika Muppa, Mahesh Kumar Duddu, Sreenivas Nallachakrava
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare relatively less explored fragment reattachment methods following traumatic injury. Materials and Methods: Eighty sound permanent maxillary incisors were selected and mounted in acrylic blocks. Teeth were sectioned using the diamond disc and randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 20), Group A, B, C, D. In Group A, after reattachment with composite, a 1 mm-depth circumferential chamfer was placed in the fracture line using a diamond disc bur and filled with composite...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
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