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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776396/delivery-of-the-second-twin-influence-of-presentation-on-neonatal-outcome-a-case-controlled-study
#1
Gerhard Bogner, Valentina Wallner, Claudius Fazelnia, Martina Strobl, Birgit Volgger, Thorsten Fischer, Volker R Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous vaginal twin delivery after 32nd week of gestation is safe when first twin presenting cephalic. Aim of this study is to identify obstetric factors influencing the condition of second twin and to verify whether non-cephalic presentation and vaginal breech delivery of the second twin is safe. METHODS: This is a retrospective case controlled cohort study of 717 uncomplicated twin deliveries ≥32 + 0 weeks of gestation from 2005 to 2014 in two tertiary perinatal centers...
May 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742663/a-simulator-for-breech-extraction-of-the-second-twin
#2
Meredith L Birsner
BACKGROUND: Breech extraction of a second twin is a skill useful for any health care provider planning on undertaking vaginal delivery of twins. However, training opportunities in this skill may be limited. METHOD: Using readily available supplies, a reusable model neoprene uterus can be constructed, as can a balloon model to simulate a fetus in the amniotic cavity. EXPERIENCE: The model allowed demonstration of skills expected of trainees and is easy to construct...
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742660/management-of-labor-and-delivery-after-fetoscopic-repair-of-an-open-neural-tube-defect
#3
Jaden R Kohn, Vibha Rao, Allison A Sellner, Dina Sharhan, Jimmy Espinoza, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, William E Whitehead, Michael A Belfort, Magdalena Sanz Cortes
OBJECTIVE: To report labor, delivery, and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women delivering neonates who had undergone fetoscopic neural tube defect repair. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from April 2014 to January 2018. All patients met Management of Myelomeningocele Study eligibility criteria. We included patients with completed second-trimester fetoscopic neural tube defect repair (laparotomy, uterine exteriorization, and minimally invasive access through two or three uterine ports) followed by standardized management of labor and delivery at our institution...
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709454/are-there-differences-between-women-who-choose-elective-repeat-caesarean-versus-trial-of-labour-in-st-john-s-nl
#4
Paul Groves, Joannie Neveu, Colleen Cook, Phil Murphy, Joan M G Crane
OBJECTIVES: To compare the demographic and clinical characteristics between women who chose elective repeat Caesarean section (ERCS) versus trial of labour after Caesarean section (TOLAC) in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case control study of women with live singleton gestations delivering at term in St. John's, NL between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2014. Inclusion criteria were women who had a previous single lower segment Caesarean section (LSCS)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700998/caesarean-section-is-the-safest-mode-of-delivery-for-extremely-preterm-breech-singleton-infants-for-caesarean-delivery-of-extremely-preterm-breech-singletons
#5
Carlos A Carreno, Suneet P Chauhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683148/corrigendum-to-prevalence-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-singleton-term-breech-delivery-in-wolisso-hospital-oromia-region-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Temesgen Debero Mere, Tilahun Beyene Handiso, Abera Beyamo Mekiso, Markos Selamu Jifar, Shabeza Aliye Ibrahim, Degefe Tadele Belato
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/9413717.].
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669764/uterus-didelphys-two-pregnancies-two-term-breech-caesarean-deliveries
#7
Claire Ross, Hiba El-Hassan, Lorin Lakasing
We report the case of a woman with uterus didelphys who spontaneously conceived two singleton pregnancies, one in each uterus, and was delivered in both instances of a healthy breech infant at term by elective caesarean section.
April 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655965/cesarean-delivery-in-the-united-states-2005-2014-a-population-based-analysis-using-the-robson-ten-group-classification-system
#8
Mark P Hehir, Cande V Ananth, Zainab Siddiq, Karen Flood, Alexander M Friedman, Mary E D'Alton
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery has increased steadily in the United States over recent decades with significant downstream health consequences. The World Health Organization has endorsed the Robson Ten Group Classification System (TGCS) as a global standard to facilitate analysis and comparison of cesarean delivery rates. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to apply the TGCS to a nationwide cohort in the United States over a 10-year period. STUDY DESIGN: This population-based analysis applied the TGCS to all births in the United States from 2005-2014, recorded in the 2003-revised birth certificate format...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649980/patterns-of-caesarean-section-in-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-malawi-is-caesarean-section-used-for-pmtct
#9
Lyson Tenthani, Joep J van Oosterhout, Andreas D Haas, Malango Msukwa, Nozgechi Phiri, Frank Chimbwandira, Kali Tal, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Janne Estill, Olivia Keiser
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is not recommended for PMTCT in Malawi HIV Guidelines, contrary to most high-income countries where CS is indicated if viral suppression is sub-optimal pre-delivery. We describe patterns of CS in HIV-infected and uninfected women in Malawi and explored if insight into the use of Elective CS (ECS) for PMTCT could be obtained. METHODS: We used routinely collected data from individual medical records from 17 large health facilities in the central and southern regions of Malawi, from January 2010 to December 2013...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649001/trends-in-characteristics-of-women-choosing-contraindicated-home-births
#10
Kelly B Zafman, Joanne L Stone, Stephanie H Factor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) contraindicated home births and the women who are receiving these births in hopes of identifying venues for intervention. METHODS: The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) birth certificate records from 1990 to 2015 were used. "Planned home births" were defined as those births in which birthplace was coded as "residence" and birth attendant was coded as "certified nurse midwife (CNM)" or "other midwife"...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626709/impact-of-the-mode-of-delivery-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcome-in-spontaneous-onset-breech-labor-at-32-0-36-6-weeks-of-gestation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Elli Toivonen, Outi Palomäki, Päivi Korhonen, Heini Huhtala, Jukka Uotila
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal and maternal outcomes in spontaneously onset preterm breech deliveries after trial of labor (BTOL) and intended cesarean section (BCS), and between BTOL and vertex control deliveries, in singleton fetuses at 32+0 -36+6  weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single center cohort study in a Finnish University Hospital including all spontaneous-onset preterm breech deliveries with 32 completed gestational weeks in 2003-2015...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559431/findings-and-methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-focusing-on-acupuncture-for-pregnancy-related-acute-conditions
#12
Thaís Romera Bergamo, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
INTRODUCTION: Major concerns regarding the use of medication during pregnancy justify the need for safer interventions. Acupuncture is an emerging alternative for several clinical conditions during this period. The objective of this study is to summarise evidence derived from systematic reviews (SRs) focusing on acupuncture for pregnancy-related acute conditions. METHODS: Review of SRs. A systematic literature search was carried out in several electronic databases, aiming to include all SRs assessing the effects of acupuncture for acute conditions during pregnancy...
March 20, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527962/neonatal-hypoxia-of-the-second-twin-after-vaginal-delivery-of-the-first-twin-what-matters
#13
Paola Algeri, Clelia Callegari, Davide Paolo Bernasconi, Maddalena Incerti, Sabrina Cozzolino, Giuseppe Paterlini, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Francesca Pellizzoni, Patrizia Vergani
OBJECTIVE: Optimal management of twin deliveries is controversial. We aimed to assess potential risk factors correlated to the development of hypoxia in the second twin after vaginal delivery of the first twin. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study including diamniotic twin pregnancies delivering at our Institution at 35 weeks of gestational age or more, weighing ≥1800 g. Hypoxia was defined as at least one of the following: Apgar score <5 at 10 minute, neonatal resuscitation for >10 minutes, neonatal acidosis (pH ≤7 and/or BE ≥12 mmol/L)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510271/management-of-breech-and-twin-labor-during-registrarship-a-two-year-prospective-observational-study
#14
J Chevreau, A Foulon, O Abou Arab, M Luisin, C Parent, F Sergent, J Gondry
INTRODUCTION: Breech presentation and twin pregnancy are regarded as stressful situations for medical staff. This stress is often associated with an increased likelihood of intervention during labor - especially when the on-shift obstetrician lacks experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a 2-year prospective, observational study of cesarean section (CSDs) and assisted vaginal (AVDs) deliveries in a tertiary maternity unit for attempted vaginal deliveries of breech presentations and twin pregnancies...
May 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501538/impact-of-epidural-analgesia-on-cesarean-and-operative-vaginal-delivery-rates-classified-by-the-ten-groups-classification-system
#15
M Lucovnik, I Blajic, I Verdenik, T Mirkovic, T Stopar Pintaric
BACKGROUND: The Ten Group Classification System (TGCS) allows critical analysis according to the obstetric characteristics of women in labor: singleton or multiple pregnancy, nulliparous, multiparous, or multiparous with a previous cesarean delivery, cephalic, breech presentation or other malpresentation, spontaneous or induced labor, and term or preterm births. Labor outcomes associated with epidural analgesia may be different among the different labor classification groups. The aim of this study was to explore associations between epidural analgesia and cesarean delivery, and epidural analgesia and assisted vaginal delivery, in women classified using the TGCS...
May 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500215/temporal-trends-in-severe-maternal-and-neonatal-trauma-during-childbirth-a-population-based-observational-study
#16
Qi Wen, Giulia M Muraca, Joseph Ting, Sarah Coad, Kenneth I Lim, Sarka Lisonkova
OBJECTIVE: Instrumental vaginal delivery is associated with birth trauma to infant and obstetric trauma to mother. As caesarean delivery rates increased during the past decades, the rate of instrumental vaginal delivery declined. We examined concomitant temporal changes in the rates of severe birth trauma and maternal obstetric trauma. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: All hospital singleton live births in Washington State, USA, 2004-2013, excluding breech delivery...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440158/risk-factors-and-between-hospital-variation-of-caesarean-section-in-denmark-a-cohort-study
#17
Sonja Wehberg, Rikke Guldberg, Kim Oren Gradel, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Lis Munk, Charlotte Brix Andersson, Line Riis Jølving, Jan Nielsen, Bente Mertz Nørgård
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of risk factors on elective and emergency caesarean section (CS) and to estimate the between-hospital variation of risk-adjusted CS proportions. DESIGN: Historical registry-based cohort study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was based on all singleton deliveries in hospital units in Denmark from January 2009 to December 2012. A total of 226 612 births by 198 590 mothers in 29 maternity units were included...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421604/neonatal-morbidity-associated-with-vaginal-delivery-of-noncephalic-second-twins
#18
Thomas Schmitz, Diane Korb, Catherine Battie, Anne-Gaël Cordier, Céline de Carne Carnavalet, Céline Chauleur, Véronique Equy, Bassam Haddad, Delphine Lemercier, Christophe Poncelet, Luc Rigonnot, François Goffinet
BACKGROUND: Management of noncephalic second twin delivery rests on the results of population-based retrospective studies of twin births that have shown higher neonatal mortality and morbidity for second twins with noncephalic, compared with cephalic, presentations after vaginal delivery of the first twin. Because these studies are flawed by data of questionable validity, do not report the obstetrical practices at delivery, and do not allow collection of potential confounding variables, we performed a national prospective study specially designed to evaluate the management of twins' delivery...
April 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383061/training-in-emergency-obstetrics-a-needs-assessment-of-u-s-emergency-medicine-program-directors
#19
Daniel W Robinson, Michael Anana, Mary A Edens, Marc Kanter, Sorabh Khandelwal, Kaushal Shah, Todd Peterson
Introduction: Obstetrical emergencies are a high-risk yet infrequent occurrence in the emergency department. While U.S. emergency medicine (EM) residency graduates are required to perform 10 low-risk normal spontaneous vaginal deliveries, little is known about how residencies prepare residents to manage obstetrical emergencies. We sought to profile the current obstetrical training curricula through a survey of U.S. training programs. Methods: We sent a web-based survey covering the four most common obstetrical emergencies (pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), shoulder dystocia, and breech presentation) through email invitations to all program directors (PD) of U...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304139/early-neonatal-mortality-and-neurological-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-in-a-resource-limited-setting-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-descriptive-study
#20
Sophie Janet, Verena I Carrara, Julie A Simpson, Nant War War Thin, Wah Wah Say, Naw Ta Mlar Paw, Kesinee Chotivanich, Claudia Turner, Jane Crawley, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Of the 4 million neonatal deaths worldwide yearly, 98% occur in low and middle-income countries. Effective resuscitation reduces mortality and morbidity but long-term outcomes in resource-limited settings are poorly described. This study reports on newborn neurological outcomes following resuscitation at birth in a resource-limited setting where intensive newborn care including intubation is unavailable. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of births records from 2008 to 2015 at Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) on the Thailand-Myanmar border...
2018: PloS One
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