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Pediatric acne

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699861/pediatric-pyoderma-gangrenosum-a-retrospective-review-of-clinical-features-etiologic-associations-and-treatment
#1
Jennifer J Schoch, Stanislav N Tolkachjov, Jonathan A Cappel, Lawrence E Gibson, Dawn Marie R Davis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis rarely seen in children. Its features have not been well characterized in children. We sought to characterize the clinical features, etiologic associations, and treatment of PG in children younger than 18 years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of children younger than 18 years with PG at the Mayo Clinic from January 1976 to August 2013. RESULTS: Thirteen children with PG were identified (n = 8; 62% female)...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638004/filling-in-pediatric-acne-practice-gaps-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-case-based-education
#2
Stephanie Feldstein, Maryam Afshar, Andrew C Krakowski, Lawrence F Eichenfield
PURPOSE: Studies have documented practice gaps in acne management between pediatricians and dermatologists. Evidence-based recommendations for acne management were published by the American Acne and Rosacea Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2013. We assess the impact of a case-based learning intervention on pediatrician knowledge and treatment of acne in accordance with published recommendations. METHODS: Participants were recruited at four conferences for pediatric providers...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622587/anterior-neurectomy-in-children-with-a-recalcitrant-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-is-safe-and-successful
#3
Murid Siawash, Robbert Maatman, Walther Tjon A Ten, Ernst van Heurn, Rudi Roumen, Marc Scheltinga
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a relatively unknown cause of severe neuralgic abdominal pain. Treatment includes medication, local nerve blocks or, if unresponsive, a neurectomy of nerve endings. In children, the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES is scantly described in retrospective studies. The objective of this first prospective study was to investigate the safety and short term success rate of anterior neurectomy in a large pediatric population with ACNES...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512351/prevalence-of-skin-disorders-in-primary-and-secondary-school-age-children-in-canakkale-turkey-a-community-based-survey
#4
Aysegul Uludağ, Sevilay Oguz Kılıc, Selda Isık, Yusuf Haydar Ertekin, Murat Tekin, Sibel Cevizci, Zerrin Ogretmen, Naci Topaloglu, Erkan Melih Sahin, Birol Cıbık
INTRODUCTION: Skin lesions may be of dermatological importance, affect appearance, and cause problems communicating with peers and may be especially more significant in childhood. AIM: Information on the prevalence of pediatric dermatoses in Western Turkey. This study was aimed to define the existing data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Canakkale, Turkey, in September-December 2013. It involved 1,957 students from five randomly selected primary and secondary schools...
June 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401099/case-report-of-methemoglobinemia-in-a-toddler-secondary-to-topical-dapsone-exposure
#5
Danielle M Graff, George M Bosse, Janice Sullivan
Aczone gel 5% contains dapsone and is a commonly used topical dermatologic therapy for acne in adolescents and adults. We describe the first reported pediatric case of a previously healthy girl presenting with acute onset of methemoglobinemia after exposure to her sibling's Aczone gel. The patient was successfully treated with methylene blue initially and subsequently needed an additional dose for rebound methemoglobinemia. This case demonstrates the complications of systemic absorption of dapsone in the pediatric population resulting in clinically significant methemoglobinemia from a single topical application...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247564/pattern-of-pediatric-dermatoses-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-western-nepal
#6
Yogesh Poudyal, Annu Ranjit, Santosh Pathak, Nagendra Chaudhary
Pediatric dermatoses are one of the most common presentations in a dermatology clinic and reflect the health and hygiene status of children. The incidence and severity of these skin lesions are influenced by geographical area, seasonal and cultural factors, and socioeconomic status. This study was done to show the prevalence of different pediatric dermatoses in a tertiary care hospital of Western Nepal. Chart reviews of children aged one day to 17 years, presenting to Universal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Nepal, from 1 September 2014 to 30 august 2015, were done...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221161/assessment-of-anaerobic-blood-cultures-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#7
Manuel Monsonís Cabedo, Susana Rives Solá, Antoni Noguera-Julian, Mireia Urrea Ayala, Ofelia Cruz Martinez, Amadeu Gené Giralt
INTRODUCTION: The routine use of a single aerobic bottle for blood culture in pediatric patients has become commonplace, as anaerobic bacteria are not frequently involved in clinically significant infections. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routinely performing anaerobic blood cultures in pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: Prospective study was conducted on pediatric (<18 years) patients affected with febrile syndrome after receiving chemotherapy for hematological or solid malignancies...
May 21, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079408/-pseudotumor-cerebri-secondary-to-consumption-of-minocycline-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Lucas O González Gili, Ignacio R Buffone, Laura E Carrara, María B Coto, Eliana A Fortunatti, Mabel Dejtera, María F García Elliot, Alejandra Giacone, Anabella C Luncio, Sebastián D Masnicoff, María B Oviedo Crosta, Marianela Parroua, Mariana Romano
Pseudotumor cerebri is a syndrome characterized by an elevated intracranial pressure greater than 20 cmH2O with ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid of normal characteristics. Consumption of minocycline have been described among the causes associated with this syndrome. We present a 13-year old female patient with a history of acne treated with minocycline who began with severe headache, diplopia and blurred vision. The diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri was made, indicating the immediate antibiotic suspension and the beginning of the treatment with acetazolamide...
April 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063370/using-water-plug-assisted-analyte-focusing-by-micelle-collapse-in-combination-with-microemulsion-electrokinetic-chromatography-for-analyzing-phthalate-esters
#9
Hsi-Chun Chao, Hsiao-Wei Liao, Ching-Hua Kuo
Phthalate plasticizers are widely used in the plastics industry, but they have been detected in soft drinks, pharmaceuticals and food products. This study developed a method that uses water plug-assisted analyte focusing by micelle collapse and microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (WPA-AFMC-MEEKC) for quantifying benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), and diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) in pediatric pharmaceuticals. The AFMC strategy was applied to improve the detection sensitivity, and a short water plug was introduced to assist micelle collapse in the micelle dilution zone for sample stacking...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028797/gut-microbiota-profiling-of-pediatric-nafld-and-obese-patients-unveiled-by-an-integrated-meta-omics-based-approach
#10
Federica Del Chierico, Valerio Nobili, Pamela Vernocchi, Alessandra Russo, Cristiano De Stefanis, Daniela Gnani, Cesare Furlanello, Alessandro Zandonà, Paola Paci, Giorgio Capuani, Bruno Dallapiccola, Alfredo Miccheli, Anna Alisi, Lorenza Putignani
: There is evidence that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is affected by gut microbiota. Therefore, we investigated its modifications in paediatric NAFLD patients using targeted-metagenomics (MG) and metabolomics (MB). Stools were collected from 61 consecutive patients diagnosed with NAFL, NASH, or obesity and 54 healthy subjects (CTRLs), matched in a case-control fashion. Operational taxonomic units were pyrosequenced targeting 16S ribosomal RNA and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) determined by solid-phase micro-extraction GC-MS...
March 29, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015779/pediatric-acne-clinical-patterns-and-pearls
#11
REVIEW
Lidia Maroñas-Jiménez, Andrew C Krakowski
Acne vulgaris presenting from birth to preadolescence can be confusing to diagnose and even more challenging to evaluate and manage. The differential diagnosis of acne varies by age and, in some cases (especially when it presents in midchildhood), deserves a thorough evaluation to rule out underlying systemic abnormalities. Acne management strategies, including factors affecting adherence to the treatment regimen, may be influenced by the patient's age. This article presents an overview of the clinical presentations of acne by age and our approach to evaluation and management of this common condition...
April 2016: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598450/the-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Robert L Rosenfield
Consensus has recently been reached by international pediatric subspecialty societies that otherwise unexplained persistent hyperandrogenic anovulation using age- and stage-appropriate standards are appropriate diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. The purpose of this review is to summarize these recommendations and discuss their basis and implications. Anovulation is indicated by abnormal uterine bleeding, which exists when menstrual cycle length is outside the normal range or bleeding is excessive: cycles outside 19 to 90 days are always abnormal, and most are 21 to 45 days even during the first postmenarcheal year...
December 2015: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26375994/adverse-effects-of-common-drugs-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Kelly Dowhower Karpa, Todd Matthew Felix, Peter R Lewis
Drug use and harms are increasingly common among newborns, infants, children, and adolescents during ambulatory practice, emergency department, and in-hospital treatment, including treatment in pediatric intensive care units. The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of drugs often are different for children compared with adults and must be considered before prescribing. Drug exposure and the potential for harms also should be considered for fetuses and breastfeeding infants. As with adult patients, a thorough drug and allergy history (including nonprescription drugs and herbal and dietary supplements) should be obtained and reviewed at each medical visit...
September 2015: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26327211/prevalence-of-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-a-pediatric-population-with-chronic-abdominal-pain
#14
Murid Siawash, Jenneke W A de Jager-Kievit, Walther Tjon A Ten, Rudi M Roumen, Marc R Scheltinga
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a frequently overlooked condition causing chronic abdominal pain (CAP). The objective of the present study was to investigate the rate of ACNES in a pediatric outpatient cohort with CAP. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in a population 10 to 18 years of age consulting a pediatric outpatient department with new-onset CAP during a 2 years' time period. All individuals were identified through a standard hospital registration system...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312592/morphology-based-diagnosis-of-acneiform-eruptions
#15
Sarah L McFarland, Ingrid C Polcari
Acne is the most common skin disease. Distinguishing between true acne vulgaris and the various acneiform eruptions is important yet sometimes challenging. Given the common nature of acne and acneiform eruptions, the pediatrician must be aware of these lesion patterns and possess the skills to effectively evaluate the pediatric presentation of these eruptions. This article discusses several of the most common acneiform eruptions, including neonatal acne and cephalic pustulosis, periorificial dermatitis (perioral dermatitis), facial angiofibromas, iatrogenic acneiform drug eruptions, and childhood rosacea...
August 2015: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088861/chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-in-children-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniela Kaiser, Isabel Bolt, Michael Hofer, Christa Relly, Gerald Berthet, Dieter Bolz, Traudel Saurenmann
BACKGROUND: To determine the clinical presentation, current treatment and outcome of children with nonbacterial inflammatory bone disease. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study of patients entered into the Swiss Pediatric Rheumatology Working Group registry with a diagnosis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) and synovitis acne pustulosis hyperostosis osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. The charts were reviewed for informations about disease presentation, treatment, course and outcome...
2015: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26019766/virilizing-adrenocortical-carcinoma-advancing-to-central-precocious-puberty-after-surgery
#17
Min Sun Kim, Eu Jeen Yang, Dong Hyu Cho, Pyung Han Hwang, Dae-Yeol Lee
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) in pediatric and adolescent patients is rare, and it is associated with various clinical symptoms. We introduce the case of an 8-year-old boy with ACC who presented with peripheral precocious puberty at his first visit. He displayed penis enlargement with pubic hair and facial acne. His serum adrenal androgen levels were elevated, and abdominal computed tomography revealed a right suprarenal mass. After complete surgical resection, the histological diagnosis was ACC. Two months after surgical removal of the mass, he subsequently developed central precocious puberty...
May 2015: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25956286/a-double-blind-randomized-phase-iii-multicenter-study-in-358-pediatric-subjects-receiving-isotretinoin-therapy-demonstrates-no-effect-on-pediatric-bone-mineral-density
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K B Hoover, C G Miller, N C Galante, C B Langman
UNLABELLED: This study compared the effects of pediatric acne treatment with two isotretinoin formulations on bone mineral density. We demonstrated no difference in the effect of the two formulations. No effect on pediatric bone mineral density was identified for either formulation. INTRODUCTION: Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) is a treatment for recalcitrant nodular acne with a purported effect on bone mineral density (BMD). The side effects of isotretinoin on vertebral bone were evaluated to assess the safety of a new FDA-approved isotretinoin formulation: Lidose-isotretinoin (Cip-Iso)...
October 2015: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25842471/the-use-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-some-dermatologic-diseases-part-i-acne-psoriasis-and-atopic-dermatitis
#19
REVIEW
Adone Baroni, Eleonora Ruocco, Teresa Russo, Vincenzo Piccolo, Long Geng, Hongbo Zhou, Hong-Duo Chen, Xing-Hua Gao
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is increasingly being used in the Western world particularly in specialty areas such as gynecology, pediatrics, nutrition, and dermatology. TCM is an alternative method of therapy that proposes to treat symptoms that Western medicine is unable to manage by treating the underlying causes of disease. The authors provide a general overview of TCM remedies used in the treatment of various dermatologic disorders (acne, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis) for dermatologists interested in this unconventional therapeutic approach...
January 2015: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25783401/anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#20
Sigrid Bairdain, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
PURPOSE: The purpose of this manuscript is to report on an entity known as Anterior Cutaneous Nerve Entrapment Syndrome (ACNES) and its relevance to chronic abdominal pain encountered in children. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent operation for presumed ACNES from 2011-2014. Variables reviewed included age, gender, age at surgery, time from onset of pain to surgery, additional medical treatments, and surgery performed...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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