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Head and neck, reconstruction, ent

Trevor D Crafts, Susan E Ellsperman, Todd J Wannemuehler, Travis D Bellicchi, Taha Z Shipchandler, Avinash V Mantravadi
Objective Three-dimensional (3D)-printing technology is being employed in a variety of medical and surgical specialties to improve patient care and advance resident physician training. As the costs of implementing 3D printing have declined, the use of this technology has expanded, especially within surgical specialties. This article explores the types of 3D printing available, highlights the benefits and drawbacks of each methodology, provides examples of how 3D printing has been applied within the field of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, discusses future innovations, and explores the financial impact of these advances...
November 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Stefanie Saunders, Stephen Reese, Jimmy Lam, Jacqueline Wulu, Scharkuh Jalisi, Waleed Ezzat
PURPOSE: Many head and neck surgical procedures are considered clean-contaminated wounds and antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended. Despite prophylaxis, the incidence of surgical site infections remains significant - especially in the setting of free tissue transfer. The antibiotic course is often of a longer duration after free tissue transfer than the recommended 24hour post-operatively. Currently, there is no consensus on appropriate antibiotic regimen or duration at this time. This study investigates the outcomes of a 7-day perioperative antibiotic regimen after microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck at our institution...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Andre Isaac, Han Zhang, Samarth Varshney, Stefan Hamilton, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell, Vincent L Biron, Hadi Seikaly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the variables that are predictive of failed decannulation (FD), delayed decannulation (DD), and days to decannulation in patients who underwent head and neck cancer resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care otolaryngology-head and neck surgery referral center. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Patients (N = 108) were included who underwent head and neck cancer resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction and tracheostomy between 2011 and June 2014...
September 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ahmed Musaad Abd El-Fattah, Ahmed Naguib, Hossam El-Sisi, Elsharawy Kamal, Ali Tawfik
OBJECTIVES: Nasal dermoids are congenital anomalies constituting 3.7-12.6% of dermoids in the head and neck. Most of lesions are superficial but there is always a risk that it may end blindly within the deep structures of the nose or extend intracranially. Complete excision, regardless of extension, is essential and must be balanced against cosmoses. This study reviews the clinical characteristics and imaging findings as well as the appropriate surgical approach adopted for 29 cases managed at Mansoura University Hospitals...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
A Echchaoui, M Benyachou, A Houssa, M Kajout, A A Oufkir, C Hajji, R Daoudi, J Hafidi, S El Mazouz, N Gharib, A Abbassi
PURPOSE: To study the epidemiologic, clinical and histological aspects of eyelid carcinomas in our context, and to evaluate our surgical management on an oncological, functional and aesthetic level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This work is a retrospective bicentric study extended over a 5-year period between January 2009 and December 2013, including 64 patients with eyelid carcinoma undergoing surgery in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department at the Avicenne University Hospital of Rabat and in the ENT/Head and Neck Surgery Department at the Hassan II University Hospital of Fez...
February 2016: Journal Fran├žais D'ophtalmologie
N Quaranta, S Taliente, F Coppola, I Salonna
Cartilage tympanoplasty is an established procedure for tympanic membrane and attic reconstruction. Cartilage has been used as an ossiculoplasty material for many years. The aim of this study was to evaluate hearing results of costal cartilage prostheses in ossicular chain reconstruction procedures in subjects operated on for middle ear cholesteatoma and to determine the presence of prognostic factors. Candidates for this study were patients affected by middle ear cholesteatoma whose ossicular chain was reconstructed with a chondroprosthesis...
October 2015: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Anthony M Kordahi, Ian C Hoppe, Edward S Lee
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of defects resulting from the extirpation of head and neck neoplasms is performed by both otolaryngology and plastic surgery services, mostly dependent on the institution. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) provides a unique opportunity to examine a predefined set of variables with regard to free vascularized tissue transfers performed by each service. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, the NSQIP Participant Use Files for 2005 to 2011 were examined for all Current Procedural Terminology codes regarding free tissue transfer and with primary ICD-9 codes indicating a head and neck neoplasm...
January 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
H Nouri, T Ziad, Y Rochdi, L Aderdour, A Raji
INTRODUCTION: The pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor of the salivary glands. Its location outside the main salivary glands defines the pleomorphic adenoma of atypical location. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical, diagnostical and therapeutical features of this tumor at atypical locations through seven observations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This work is a retrospective study. It has for objective to present 7 cases of pleomorphic adenoma developed on minor salivary glands diagnosed in Otolaryngology Head and Neck surgery department in Mohammed VI University hospital, between December 2003 and December 2010...
2014: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
Harley H L Chan, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen, Allan Vescan, Michael J Daly, Eitan Prisman, Jonathan C Irish
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the role of advanced fabrication technology across a broad spectrum of head and neck surgical procedures, including applications in endoscopic sinus surgery, skull base surgery, and maxillofacial reconstruction. The initial case studies demonstrated three applications of rapid prototyping technology are in head and neck surgery: i) a mono-material paranasal sinus phantom for endoscopy training ii) a multi-material skull base simulator and iii) 3D patient-specific mandible templates...
2015: PloS One
Andrew T Tkaczuk, Meena Bhatti, John F Caccamese, Robert A Ord, Kevin D Pereira
IMPORTANCE: Pediatric jaw cysts represent a rarely symptomatic clinical entity and are not well addressed in the otolaryngology literature. It is important that otolaryngologists should be familiar with these lesions, which can manifest as jaw swelling or as paranasal sinus abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical presentation, radiologic features, management, and outcomes of jaw cysts in children treated at a single academic institution. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective medical record review at a tertiary care children's hospital among patients 16 years and younger who were seen with a cystic jaw lesion...
September 2015: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jeffrey Markey, P Daniel Knott, Michael A Fritz, Rahul Seth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Free tissue transfer is a versatile and valuable method for reconstructing select head and neck defects following trauma or oncologic resection. Microvascular reconstructive cases are among the longest, most technically challenging, and most labor-intensive operations performed by departments of otolaryngology/head and neck surgery. However, technical advances, increased experience, and robust training programs have permitted realization of microvascular success rates in excess of 97% at most high-volume centers...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Wayne D Hsueh, Clyde B Schechter, I Tien Shaw, Howard D Stupak
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to analyze outcomes of intraoral and extraoral approaches to mandibular angle fractures and provide cost estimates for comparison. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review from January 2005 to June 2013 was performed of patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation of mandibular angle fractures at a level I trauma center. METHODS: Patients were treated by three surgical specialties: otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and plastic and reconstructive surgery...
March 2016: Laryngoscope
Anaeze C Offodile, Andrew S Aherrera, Julia Wenger, Thomas Tsai, Dennis P Orgill, Lifei Guo
BACKGROUND: The scope of otolaryngology and plastic surgery overlap within head and neck reconstruction is increasing; yet comparative outcome studies between these two subspecialties are limited. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all patients who underwent microvascular reconstruction of a postablative head and neck defect at a quaternary academic medical center between January 2000 and October 2011. Postoperative outcomes were reviewed by subspecialty and Mann-Whitney analysis was used to investigate any flap size differences between cohorts with and without complications...
June 2015: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Shu-Ching Chen, Po-Jui Yu, Ming-Ying Hong, Mei-Hui Chen, Pen-Yuan Chu, Yen-Ju Chen, Chen-Ping Wang, Yeur-Hur Lai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of communication dysfunction, body image, and amount of speaking in patients who were treated for head and neck cancers (HNCs). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of postoperative HNC patients at the otolaryngology outpatient departments of two leading medical centers in northern Taiwan. Data were collected using questionnaires to assess perceived communication dysfunction, body image, symptom severity, and amount of speaking after treatment...
August 2015: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Behfar Eivazi, Jochen A Werner
The field of extracranial vascular anomalies is considered as special focus of pediatric otolaryngology and it has shown a rapid development during the last years. The reason for this interest is finally also due to the global acceptance of the classification introduced by the ISSVA (International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies). Hemangiomas are the most frequently observed vascular tumors. Today the systemic propranolol therapy is mostly used for therapy of hemangiomas requiring treatment. Increasingly, the topical application of beta blocker is discussed while the benefit in the head and neck seems to be limited...
2014: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
S Mackay, S Holmes, A Jones
BACKGROUND: The identification and treatment of adult obstructive sleep apnoea and other sleep-related breathing issues demands nuanced clinical judgement to determine if surgery is appropriate and which surgery should be performed. No study to date has evaluated the sleep medicine curriculum from the perspective of the Australian ENT surgical trainee, or addressed potential strategies for improving levels of surgical skill and knowledge in this field. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used to assess knowledge of sleep surgery in trainees enlisted with the Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery...
January 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Shinya Morita, Yuji Nakamaru, Akihiro Homma, Tomohiro Sakashita, Masayori Masuya, Satoshi Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative hearing outcomes after lateral temporal bone resection (LTBR) with reconstruction of the external auditory canal (EAC) and conductive function for early-stage EAC carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients diagnosed with early-stage EAC carcinoma treated with surgery alone between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients who had postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy were excluded. Patients receiving LTBR in combination with tympanoplasty were divided into two groups based on the reconstruction of the EAC with and without (w/o) split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs)...
2014: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Fei Chen, Jun Liu, Dan Lv, Lihong Wang, Yafeng Liu
PURPOSE: Oropharyngeal reconstruction after tonsillar tumor resection is a great challenge for head and neck surgeons. The aim of the present study was to explore the reconstruction efficacy of the free posterior tibial flap in the primary reconstruction of oropharynx defects after tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2009 to March 2012, 12 patients with tonsillar SCC underwent oropharynx reconstruction with a free posterior tibial flap at the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University...
October 2014: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Abdulmajeed Zakzouk, Nicolas Bonmardion, Pierre Bouchetemble, Yannick Lerosey, Jean-Paul Marie
The purpose of this study was to compare the hearing results after total ossicular replacement with a titanium prosthesis or autologous incus in the absence of stapes suprastructure and presence of mobile footplate as a retrospective medical record review in a tertiary referral center setting. There were 49 patients who had total ossicular reconstruction (titanium prosthesis, 40 patients; autologous incus, 9 patients). Medical records were reviewed after total ossicular replacement. Air-bone gap at 1 and 2 years after surgery were determined with the 4-frequency average (0...
October 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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