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Head and neck, reconstruction, ent

Markus Pirlich, Iris-Susanne Horn, Christian Mozet, Mandy Pirlich, Andreas Dietz, Miloš Fischer
BACKGROUND: The use of the radial forearm-free flap is a well-established and reliable reconstruction method in head and neck surgery. Usually, the defect of the donor site is covered with full or split-thickness skin grafts. Since 09/2013, a direct closure of the radial forearm donor site has been performed at the ENT University Hospital Leipzig to avoid secondary donor site morbidity. However, few data are available in the literature on long-term cosmetic and functional results compared to the established indirect donor site defect coverage...
February 26, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Samantha J Mikals, Joshua M Jabaut, Art A Ambrosio
Historically, head and neck injuries constituted 16 to 20% of all nonfatal combat injuries. However, advances in body and vehicle armor in the context of the use of ambushes and improvised explosive devices by enemy combatants have resulted in fewer fatalities from head and neck wounds, and thus the incidence of nonfatal head and neck injuries has risen to as high as 52%. Despite this increase, data regarding specific injury distributions, surgical cases, and approaches to repair are lacking in the current literature...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Vincent Tze Yang Tiong, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, Meiling Loh, Philip Lim, Huang-Kai Kao
BACKGROUND: The use of live and cadaveric animal models in surgical training is well established as a means of teaching and improving surgical skill in a controlled setting. We aim to review, evaluate, and summarize the models published in the literature that are applicable to Plastic Surgery training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search for keywords relating to animal models in Plastic Surgery and the associated procedures was conducted. Animal models that had cross over between specialties such as microsurgery with Neurosurgery and pinnaplasty with ear, nose, and throat surgery were included as they were deemed to be relevant to our training curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Vyacheslav Makler, Jeffrey S Litt, N Scott Litofsky
INTRODUCTION: With advanced-stage head and neck cancers, patients may develop large and/or complex wounds despite multiple reconstruction attempts. Wound coverage may require novel approaches to palliate the patient. METHOD: We present the case of a 56-year-old female with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp and skull who required multiple surgical interventions. Despite our best reconstructive efforts, the patient subsequently developed scalp infection and sepsis, necessitating further debridement for source control...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Barry Hill
This systematic literature review explores and considers whether registered nurse staffing levels affect patient mortality in acute secondary care settings. A discussion makes particular reference to the philosophical foundations of contrasting research approaches used within the literature. At the time of writing, the author was a modern matron for surgery, managing the ear, nose and throat; head and neck; airway; and reconstructive plastic surgery services in a large acute teaching hospital in central London...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Ryan N Mello, Zaki Khan, Umar Choudry
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is a rare genetic syndrome with variable expressivity and autosomal dominant inheritance. The major features of GGS include numerous basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), keratocysts of the jaw, palmar/plantar pits and calcification of the falx cerebri. Authors report the case of a 51-year-old male with a 19-year history of GGS and multiple BCCs of the head and neck. He presented with a large ulcerating lesion on the right side of his face involving cutaneous, subcutaneous and muscular tissues of the temporal and orbital region...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Trevor D Crafts, Susan E Ellsperman, Todd J Wannemuehler, Travis D Bellicchi, Taha Z Shipchandler, Avinash V Mantravadi
Objective Three-dimensional (3D)-printing technology is being employed in a variety of medical and surgical specialties to improve patient care and advance resident physician training. As the costs of implementing 3D printing have declined, the use of this technology has expanded, especially within surgical specialties. This article explores the types of 3D printing available, highlights the benefits and drawbacks of each methodology, provides examples of how 3D printing has been applied within the field of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, discusses future innovations, and explores the financial impact of these advances...
June 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Stefanie Saunders, Stephen Reese, Jimmy Lam, Jacqueline Wulu, Scharkuh Jalisi, Waleed Ezzat
PURPOSE: Many head and neck surgical procedures are considered clean-contaminated wounds and antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended. Despite prophylaxis, the incidence of surgical site infections remains significant - especially in the setting of free tissue transfer. The antibiotic course is often of a longer duration after free tissue transfer than the recommended 24hour post-operatively. Currently, there is no consensus on appropriate antibiotic regimen or duration at this time. This study investigates the outcomes of a 7-day perioperative antibiotic regimen after microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck at our institution...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Andre Isaac, Han Zhang, Samarth Varshney, Stefan Hamilton, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell, Vincent L Biron, Hadi Seikaly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the variables that are predictive of failed decannulation (FD), delayed decannulation (DD), and days to decannulation in patients who underwent head and neck cancer resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care otolaryngology-head and neck surgery referral center. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Patients (N = 108) were included who underwent head and neck cancer resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction and tracheostomy between 2011 and June 2014...
September 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ahmed Musaad Abd El-Fattah, Ahmed Naguib, Hossam El-Sisi, Elsharawy Kamal, Ali Tawfik
OBJECTIVES: Nasal dermoids are congenital anomalies constituting 3.7-12.6% of dermoids in the head and neck. Most of lesions are superficial but there is always a risk that it may end blindly within the deep structures of the nose or extend intracranially. Complete excision, regardless of extension, is essential and must be balanced against cosmoses. This study reviews the clinical characteristics and imaging findings as well as the appropriate surgical approach adopted for 29 cases managed at Mansoura University Hospitals...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
A Echchaoui, M Benyachou, A Houssa, M Kajout, A A Oufkir, C Hajji, R Daoudi, J Hafidi, S El Mazouz, N Gharib, A Abbassi
PURPOSE: To study the epidemiologic, clinical and histological aspects of eyelid carcinomas in our context, and to evaluate our surgical management on an oncological, functional and aesthetic level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This work is a retrospective bicentric study extended over a 5-year period between January 2009 and December 2013, including 64 patients with eyelid carcinoma undergoing surgery in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department at the Avicenne University Hospital of Rabat and in the ENT/Head and Neck Surgery Department at the Hassan II University Hospital of Fez...
February 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
N Quaranta, S Taliente, F Coppola, I Salonna
Cartilage tympanoplasty is an established procedure for tympanic membrane and attic reconstruction. Cartilage has been used as an ossiculoplasty material for many years. The aim of this study was to evaluate hearing results of costal cartilage prostheses in ossicular chain reconstruction procedures in subjects operated on for middle ear cholesteatoma and to determine the presence of prognostic factors. Candidates for this study were patients affected by middle ear cholesteatoma whose ossicular chain was reconstructed with a chondroprosthesis...
October 2015: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Anthony M Kordahi, Ian C Hoppe, Edward S Lee
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of defects resulting from the extirpation of head and neck neoplasms is performed by both otolaryngology and plastic surgery services, mostly dependent on the institution. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) provides a unique opportunity to examine a predefined set of variables with regard to free vascularized tissue transfers performed by each service. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, the NSQIP Participant Use Files for 2005 to 2011 were examined for all Current Procedural Terminology codes regarding free tissue transfer and with primary ICD-9 codes indicating a head and neck neoplasm...
January 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
H Nouri, T Ziad, Y Rochdi, L Aderdour, A Raji
INTRODUCTION: The pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor of the salivary glands. Its location outside the main salivary glands defines the pleomorphic adenoma of atypical location. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical, diagnostical and therapeutical features of this tumor at atypical locations through seven observations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This work is a retrospective study. It has for objective to present 7 cases of pleomorphic adenoma developed on minor salivary glands diagnosed in Otolaryngology Head and Neck surgery department in Mohammed VI University hospital, between December 2003 and December 2010...
2014: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
Harley H L Chan, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen, Allan Vescan, Michael J Daly, Eitan Prisman, Jonathan C Irish
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the role of advanced fabrication technology across a broad spectrum of head and neck surgical procedures, including applications in endoscopic sinus surgery, skull base surgery, and maxillofacial reconstruction. The initial case studies demonstrated three applications of rapid prototyping technology are in head and neck surgery: i) a mono-material paranasal sinus phantom for endoscopy training ii) a multi-material skull base simulator and iii) 3D patient-specific mandible templates...
2015: PloS One
Andrew T Tkaczuk, Meena Bhatti, John F Caccamese, Robert A Ord, Kevin D Pereira
IMPORTANCE: Pediatric jaw cysts represent a rarely symptomatic clinical entity and are not well addressed in the otolaryngology literature. It is important that otolaryngologists should be familiar with these lesions, which can manifest as jaw swelling or as paranasal sinus abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical presentation, radiologic features, management, and outcomes of jaw cysts in children treated at a single academic institution. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective medical record review at a tertiary care children's hospital among patients 16 years and younger who were seen with a cystic jaw lesion...
September 2015: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jeffrey Markey, P Daniel Knott, Michael A Fritz, Rahul Seth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Free tissue transfer is a versatile and valuable method for reconstructing select head and neck defects following trauma or oncologic resection. Microvascular reconstructive cases are among the longest, most technically challenging, and most labor-intensive operations performed by departments of otolaryngology/head and neck surgery. However, technical advances, increased experience, and robust training programs have permitted realization of microvascular success rates in excess of 97% at most high-volume centers...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Wayne D Hsueh, Clyde B Schechter, I Tien Shaw, Howard D Stupak
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to analyze outcomes of intraoral and extraoral approaches to mandibular angle fractures and provide cost estimates for comparison. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review from January 2005 to June 2013 was performed of patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation of mandibular angle fractures at a level I trauma center. METHODS: Patients were treated by three surgical specialties: otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and plastic and reconstructive surgery...
March 2016: Laryngoscope
Anaeze C Offodile, Andrew S Aherrera, Julia Wenger, Thomas Tsai, Dennis P Orgill, Lifei Guo
BACKGROUND: The scope of otolaryngology and plastic surgery overlap within head and neck reconstruction is increasing; yet comparative outcome studies between these two subspecialties are limited. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all patients who underwent microvascular reconstruction of a postablative head and neck defect at a quaternary academic medical center between January 2000 and October 2011. Postoperative outcomes were reviewed by subspecialty and Mann-Whitney analysis was used to investigate any flap size differences between cohorts with and without complications...
June 2015: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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