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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811816/unicornuate-uterus-with-a-rudimentary-horn-diagnosed-at-scheduled-third-cesarean-section
#1
Serkan Bodur, Ulas Fidan, Mehmet Ferdi Kinci, Kazim Emre Karasahin
A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is an anomaly caused by defective fusion of the Müllerian duct, estimated to occur in one in 76,000 pregnancies. Life threateningly heavy bleeding is a highly expected clinical consequence of such pregnancies. According to the known literature, only two living twins and few living singleton pregnancies have been reported up to now. Here we report on an incidentally diagnosed unicornuate uterus with a communicating rudimentary horn, found during a cesarean section of a gravida 3, parity 2 (G3 P2) patient...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783692/human-lymphoid-organ-dendritic-cell-identity-is-predominantly-dictated-by-ontogeny-not-tissue-microenvironment
#2
Gordon F Heidkamp, Jil Sander, Christian H K Lehmann, Lukas Heger, Nathalie Eissing, Anna Baranska, Jennifer J Lühr, Alana Hoffmann, Katharina C Reimer, Anja Lux, Stephan Söder, Arndt Hartmann, Johannes Zenk, Thomas Ulas, Naomi McGovern, Christoph Alexiou, Bernd Spriewald, Andreas Mackensen, Gerold Schuler, Burkhard Schauf, Anja Forster, Roland Repp, Peter A Fasching, Ariawan Purbojo, Robert Cesnjevar, Evelyn Ullrich, Florent Ginhoux, Andreas Schlitzer, Falk Nimmerjahn, Joachim L Schultze, Diana Dudziak
In mice, conventional and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) derive from separate hematopoietic precursors before they migrate to peripheral tissues. Moreover, two classes of conventional DCs (cDC1 and cDC2 DCs) and one class of plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) have been shown to be transcriptionally and functionally distinct entities. In humans, these three DC subtypes can be identified using the cell surface markers CD1c (cDC2), CD141 (cDC1), and CD303 (pDCs), albeit it remains elusive whether DC functionality is mainly determined by ontogeny or the tissue microenvironment...
December 16, 2016: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770876/assessment-of-the-underlying-causes-of-the-immune-thrombocytopenia-ten-years-experience
#3
Mehmet Sinan Dal, Abdullah Karakus, Tuba Dal, Berrin Balik Aydin, Elif Hattapoglu, Mehmet Onder Ekmen, Turgay Ulas, Orhan Ayyildiz
OBJECTIVE: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an immune haematologic disorder causing platelet destruction mediated by anti-platelet antibodies. In this study we aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory variables of ITP patients in southeast of Turkey. METHODS: In this retrospective study 167 ITP patients between 2005 and 2015 were evaluated. All patients were screened for immunological parameters including ANA (antinuclear antibodies), anti dsDNA (anti-double-stranded-DNA), ACA(anti-cardiolipin) IgM and IgG, LA (lupus anticoagulants)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766365/concomitant-use-of-transvaginal-sonography-and-doppler-indices-improve-diagnosis-of-adenomyosis
#4
Duygu Kara Bozkurt, Murat Bozkurt, Ahmet Said Cil, Mert Ulaş Barut, Aynur Adeviye Ersahin, Eray Çalıskan
This study was planned to investigate whether measuring of Doppler indices with TV-DUS improved the diagnosis of adenomyosis. Preoperative Doppler indices of subjects with a preliminary diagnosis of adenomyosis were compared with the histopathological results of excised specimens. Sensitivity, specificity and positive/negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) of the measured indices were also calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV and positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+) and (LR-) of TV-US in the diagnosis of adenomyosis were found to be 70...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753224/aspergillus-fumigatus-protein-phosphatase-ppza-is-involved-in-iron-assimilation-secondary-metabolite-production-and-virulence
#5
Adriana Oliveira Manfiolli, Patrícia Alves de Castro, Thaila Fernanda Dos Reis, Stephen Dolan, Sean Doyle, Gary Jones, Diego M Riaño Pachón, Mevlüt Ulaş, Luke M Noble, Derek J Mattern, Axel A Brakhage, Vito Valiante, Rafael Silva-Rocha, Ozgur Bayram, Gustavo H Goldman
Metal restriction imposed by mammalian hosts during an infection is a common mechanism of defense to reduce or avoid the pathogen infection. Metals are essential for organism survival due to its involvement in several biological processes. Aspergillus fumigatus causes invasive aspergillosis (IA), a disease that typically manifests in immunocompromised patients. A. fumigatus PpzA, the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase Z (PPZ), has been recently identified as associated with iron assimilation. A. fumigatus has two high affinity mechanisms of iron acquisition during infection: reductive iron assimilation (RIA) and siderophore-mediated iron uptake...
July 28, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751712/activation-of-mitophagy-leads-to-decline-in-mfn2-and-loss-of-mitochondrial-mass-in-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy
#6
Anne-Sophie Benischke, Shivakumar Vasanth, Takashi Miyai, Kishore Reddy Katikireddy, Tomas White, Yuming Chen, Adna Halilovic, Marianne Price, Francis Price, Paloma B Liton, Ula V Jurkunas
Human corneal endothelial cells (HCEnCs) are terminally differentiated cells that have limited regenerative potential. The large numbers of mitochondria in HCEnCs are critical for pump and barrier function required for corneal hydration and transparency. Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD) is a highly prevalent late-onset oxidative stress disorder characterized by progressive loss of HCEnCs. We previously reported increased mitochondrial fragmentation and reduced ATP and mtDNA copy number in FECD. Herein, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone (CCCP)-induced mitochondrial depolarization decreased mitochondrial mass and Mfn2 levels, which were rescued with mitophagy blocker, bafilomycin, in FECD...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749896/elimination-of-anterior-corneal-steepening-with-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-in-a-patient-with-fuchs-dystrophy-and-keratoconus-implications-for-iol-calculation
#7
Reena Gupta, Ruta Kinderyte, Deborah S Jacobs, Ula V Jurkunas
PURPOSE: To report a case of coexistent Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) and keratoconus (KCN) in which there was normalization of corneal topography after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). METHODS: Retrospective medical record review. RESULTS: Preoperative findings revealed a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/40 with -1.00 - 2.50 × 147, topographic maximum keratometry of 50.8 D with inferior steeping, and confluent guttae in the left eye...
July 26, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742032/architecture-of-an-ultrasound-system-for-continuous-real-time-high-frame-rate-imaging
#8
Enrico Boni, Luca Bassi, Alessandro Dallai, Valentino Meacci, Alessandro Ramalli, Monica Scaringella, Francesco Guidi, Stefano Ricci, Piero Tortoli
High frame rate (HFR) imaging methods based on the transmission of defocused or plane waves rather than focused beams are increasingly popular. However, the production of HFR images poses severe requirements both in the transmission and the reception sections of ultrasound scanners. In particular, major technical difficulties arise if the images must be continuously produced in real-time, i.e. without any acquisition interruption nor loss of data. This paper presents the implementation of the real-time HFR compounded imaging application in the ULA-OP 256 research platform...
July 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736686/evaluating-changes-in-ocular-redness-using-a-novel-automated-method
#9
Francisco Amparo, Jia Yin, Antonio Di Zazzo, Tulio Abud, Ula V Jurkunas, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate interobserver concordance in measured ocular redness among a group of raters using an objective computer-assisted method (ocular redness index [ORI]) and a group of clinicians using an ordinal comparative scale. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to evaluate ocular redness in clinical photographs of 12 patients undergoing pterygium surgery. Photographs were acquired preoperatively, and at 1 week and 1 month postoperatively. One group of clinicians graded conjunctival redness in the photographs using an image-based comparative scale...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731879/peripheral-endothelial-cell-count-is-a-predictor-of-disease-severity-in-advanced-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy
#10
Zeba A Syed, Jennifer A Tran, Ula V Jurkunas
PURPOSE: In advanced Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD), central endothelial changes do not correlate with disease severity. The peripheral endothelial cell count (ECC) has not been studied as a marker of FECD severity. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between the peripheral ECC and known clinical markers of FECD in advanced cases. METHODS: Patients with FECD examined between January 1, 2013, and September 1, 2016, by 1 cornea specialist were identified...
July 19, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730165/plasma-free-fatty-acids-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum-pregnancy
#11
Mustafa Ulubay, Mustafa Ozturk, Ozlem Ozturk, Ugur Keskin, Ulas Fidan, Erdim Sertoglu, Hakan Aydin, Ali Yilmaz, Mufit Cemal Yenen
We evaluated the free fatty acids differences in plasma between hyperemesis gravidarum(HG) and healthy pregnant in first trimester pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the plasma levels of DHA, AA and EPA, between HG patients and healthy pregnant women. DESIGN: Fifty-two pregnants were involved in the study. Twenty-six pregnants of them were HG as study group, and twenty-six pregnants were enrolled as healthy pregnant women at the similar gestational age. The saturated fatty acids C14, C15, C16, C18, C20, C22, and C24; the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid, (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid, (DHA); the omega-6 fatty acids linoleic acid, arachidonic acid (AA), and homo-gamma-linolenic acid; and the omega-9 fatty acids oleic acid, erucic acid, and nervonic acid were analysed by gas chromatography...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702108/acute-abdomen-in-a-mentally-retarded-patient-cecal-volvulus
#12
Ebubekir Gündeş, Nedim Akgül, Mustafa Mazıcan, Ulaş Aday, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696970/image-characteristics-of-lung-abscess-by-convex-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound
#13
Marwan Saoud, Monali Patil, Samjot Singh Dhillon, Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Ulas Sunar, Kassem Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687191/single-anterior-portal-a-better-option-for-arthroscopic-treatment-of-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#14
Hakan Çiçek, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Osman Çiloğlu, Tahsin Beyzadeoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare single and double anterior portal techniques in the arthroscopic treatment of traumatic anterior shoulder instability. METHODS: A total of 91 cases who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability were reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups as Group 1 (47 male and 2 female; mean age: 25.8 ± 6.8) for arthroscopic single anterior portal approach and Group 2 (41 male and 1 female; mean age: 25...
July 4, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686112/emergency-resection-of-brainstem-cavernous-malformations
#15
Abdulfettah Tumturk, Yiping Li, Yahya Turan, Ulas Cikla, Bermans J Iskandar, Mustafa K Baskaya
Brainstem cavernous malformations (CMs) pose significant challenges to neurosurgeons because of their deep locations and high surgical risks. Most patients with brainstem CMs present with sudden-onset cranial nerve deficits or ataxia, but uncommonly patients can present in extremis from an acute hemorrhage, requiring surgical intervention. However, the timing of surgery for brainstem CMs has been a controversial topic. Although many authors propose delaying surgery into the subacute phase, some patients may not tolerate waiting until surgery...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673864/analysis-of-endometrial-carcinoma-in-young-women-at-a-high-volume-cancer-center
#16
Alper Biler, Ulas Solmaz, Selcuk Erkilinc, Mehmet Gokcu, Mustafa Bagci, Orhan Temel, Tugba Karadeniz, Muzaffer Sanci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, survival, and prognosis of endometrial cancer in women aged ≤40 years. METHODS: Women who underwent surgery for endometrial cancer at a single high-volume cancer center between January 1995 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Women aged >40, patients with missing data, and those who did not undergo surgical staging were excluded. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival and progression-free survival...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669274/resection-of-complex-occipital-arteriovenous-malformation-with-giant-varix-demonstration-of-microsurgical-technique
#17
Pinar Eser Ocak, Cem Dinc, Ulaş Cikla, Mustafa K Başkaya
The complexity of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) does not necessarily preclude surgical resection. In this video the authors present a 72-year-old male who was known to have an occipital AVM with a large draining varix for the previous 10 years. The patient had progressively worsening visual and cognitive deficits over several years. Total surgical resection was achieved following single stage preoperative embolization. Although resection of the AVMs is challenging, even in experienced hands, it offers a cure and may improve patient clinical outcome...
July 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663925/noninvasive-mesoscopic-imaging-of-actinic-skin-damage-using-spatial-frequency-domain-imaging
#18
Jeffrey B Travers, Chien Poon, Daniel J Rohrbach, Nathan M Weir, Elizabeth Cates, Faye Hager, Ulas Sunar
For prevention and accurate intervention planning, it is crucial to predict if lesions will progress towards cancer. In this study, we investigated the change in optical properties and vascular parameters to characterize skin tissue from mild photodamage to actinic keratosis (AK). Multi-wavelength spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI) measurements were performed on three patients with clinically normal skin, as well as pre-cancerous actinic keratosis lesions. Our results indicate that there exist significant differences in both optical and vascular parameters between these patients, and that these parameters can be early biomarkers of neoplasia...
June 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658094/multimorbidity-and-polypharmacy-in-diabetic-patients-with-nafld-implications-for-disease-severity-and-management
#19
Preya Janubhai Patel, Kelly Lee Hayward, Rathiga Rudra, Leigh Ula Horsfall, Fabrina Hossain, Suzanne Williams, Tracey Johnson, Nigel Neil Brown, Nivene Saad, Andrew Donald Clouston, Katherine Anne Stuart, Patricia Casarolli Valery, Katharine Margaret Irvine, Anthony William Russell, Elizabeth Ellen Powell
An observational study describing the number and type of chronic conditions and medications taken by diabetic patients with NAFLD and identifying characteristics that may impact liver disease severity or clinical management.Adults with type 2 diabetes have a high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and increased risk of developing advanced liver disease. Appropriate management should consider the characteristics of the diabetic NAFLD population, as comorbid conditions and medications may increase the complexity of treatment strategies...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652756/noncontact-plating-technique-in-an-open-fracture
#20
Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Hakan Çiçek, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Osman Çiloğlu, Ahmet Kapukaya
AIM: In comparison with closed fractures, open fractures have an increased risk of infection, there are soft tissue-related problems, and difficulties are experienced in union. The aim of this study was to evaluate and discuss the results of osteosynthesis applied with a noncontact plate in Gustilo-Anderson Type 2, 3a, and 3b fractures. METHOD: The study included 23 patients applied with debridement + noncontact plate osteosynthesis + soft tissue procedures in a single session for the treatment of an open fracture...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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