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Ulrich Keppler, Mohammed R Moussavian, Pascal Jeanmonod, Moritz J Strowitzki, Mathias Wagner, Claudia Scheuer, Michael D Menger, Maximilian von Heesen
BACKGROUND Ischemic type biliary lesions (ITBL) is a troublesome complication after liver transplantation. Little is known about its pathogenesis and there is particularly little data about morphological alterations. Prolonged warm and cold ischemia time and reduced hepatic arterial perfusion are risk factors leading to ITBL. There are only a few animal models described in literature. Therefore, we examined the effects of 3 h of hepatic artery ischemia-reperfusion (3 h I/R) and hepatic arterial ligation (HAL), both combined with ligation of the peribiliary plexus (PBP)...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Sapna M Amin, Adam Beattie, Xia Ling, Lawrence J Jennings, Joan Guitart
Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described tumor of the salivary glands named for its morphological and molecular similarity to secretory carcinoma of the breast. Many primary carcinomas arising from the adnexal glands also share similar morphology to those arising from the breast. Brandt et al first described primary cutaneous MASC in 2009 and since then only 2 other cases have been reported. Herein, we describe a long-standing mass on the arm of an otherwise healthy 40-year-old female...
November 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
W Zhang, W J Yu, Y Q Chen, E H Kang, Y Liu, J Zhuang, Y X Jiang, J Chu, Y J Li
Objective: To investigate the morphological features and immunophenotypes of eosinophilic renal tumors in order to provide references for the differential diagnosis of this tumor. Methods: A cohort of 75 cases of eosinophilic renal tumors were collected. The morphological features of the tumors were observed under microscope, and the immunophenotypes of the tumors were detected using tissue microarray and immunoshistochemistry. Results: There were some overlaps between the different types of eosinophilic renal tumors in morphology, but each had its distinct characteristics...
October 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Mohammad Ranaee, Shahla Yazdani, Seyyed Reza Modarres, Mahdieh Rajabi-Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Incidence of ovarian cancer is more common in postmenopausal women. Premenopausal onset is rare and the present study described two cases of ovarian clear cell tumors in young women. CASE PRESENTATION: The patients presented with pelvic mass which was confirmed by sonography and laparotomy and final diagnosis was made according to histologic examination. Both patients showed a solid mass with cystic components in adnexal areas and explorative laparotomy demonstrated extension of tumors to abdomen in both patients...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Kristyna Gleghorn, Brandon Goodwin, Ramon Sanchez
Chordoma is a rare primary bone malignancy of notochord origin, representing 1-4% of malignant bone tumors. Typically, chordomas follow a slow progressive course with aggressive local extension, multiple recurrences, and metastases. Of particular interest to this case, cutaneous metastasis is exceedingly rare. Diagnosis of this entity can be a challenge due to the rarity of chordoma, as well as the infrequent presentation of distant cutaneous metastasis and non-specific clinical skin findings. We report a case of a 61-year-old male with a history of sacral chordoma treated by wide local excision 8 years prior to presentation developed a nodule on his scalp for 6 weeks...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Alessia Nottegar, Fabrizio Tabbò, Claudio Luchini, Matteo Brunelli, Emilio Bria, Nicola Veronese, Antonio Santo, Sara Cingarlini, Eliana Gilioli, Chiara Ogliosi, Albino Eccher, Licia Montagna, Serena Pedron, Claudio Doglioni, Maria G Cangi, Giorgio Inghirami, Marco Chilosi
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma with enteric differentiation (PAED) is a rare subtype of lung adenocarcinoma recently recognized in the WHO classification. It is defined as an adenocarcinoma in which the enteric component exceeds 50% and have to show the expression of at least 1 immunohistochemical marker of enteric differentiation. Although the definition of this tumor type is very important, above all in the differential diagnosis between a primary lung tumor and a metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma, this cancer still lacks a distinctive immunohistochemical and molecular signature...
October 7, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Ulvi K Gursoy, Mervi Gursoy, Eija Könönen, Herman O Sintim, Veli-Jukka Uitto, Stina Syrjänen
In construction of epithelial cells as multilayers, the cells are grown submerged to confluence on fibroblast-embedded collagen gels and, then, lifted to air to promote their stratification. We recently demonstrated that gingival epithelial cells form uniform monolayers on semi-permeable nitrocellulose membranes, supported with a semi-solid growth medium, which allows the cells to grow at an air-liquid-solid interface from the beginning of the culturing protocol. In this study, the aim was to further develop our previous model to form a multilayered gingival epithelial culture model...
October 17, 2016: Cytotechnology
Michael Michal, Alena Skálová, Dmitry V Kazakov, Květoslava Pecková, Filip Heidenreich, Petr Grossmann, Michal Michal
We report a tumor arising in the middle ear of a 65-year-old female patient that was composed of an ovarian-type stroma (OS) and an epithelial component. The tumor consisted of irregular, polypoid masses containing multiple variably sized cystic spaces which were invariably surrounded by the OS. The cystic spaces were lined by flat, cuboidal or columnar epithelial cells, in most parts showing mucinous differentiation. The epithelial lining of the cysts strongly expressed cytokeratins AE1-3, CK7, CK8, CK18, CK19, EMA and S100 protein...
October 13, 2016: Human Pathology
Andrew Wood, Fiona Young, James Morrison, Brendon I Conn
We present a case of sclerosing odontogenic carcinoma (SOC) occurring on the hard palate of a 43-year-old female. The tumor presented as an asymptomatic firm swelling and histopathologically was characterized by widely dispersed nests and cords of bland cells infiltrating between hyalinized collagen fibers. Prominent perineural and intraneural invasion and erosion of bone was noted. The tumor cells showed staining with antibodies to pan-cytokeratin (PanCK), cytokeratin 19 (CK19), cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), cytokeratin 14 (CK14), p63 and E-cadherin, but no staining with antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 7 (CK7), cytokeratin 20 (CK20), estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) or S100...
July 25, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Alyssa M Krasinskas, Gerard J Oakley, Pelin Bagci, Kee-Taek Jang, Shih-Fan Kuan, Michelle D Reid, Ipek Erbarut, Volkan Adsay
Pancreatic cysts >1 cm lined by nonpapillary mucinous epithelium without ovarian-type stroma pose diagnostic challenges. The term "simple mucinous cyst" was recently proposed for this entity. Our goal was to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of these cysts, as they have not been previously described. Of the 39 patients with pancreatic resections included in this study, the mean age was 65 years and the female-to-male ratio was 4:1. The characteristics of the cysts are as follows: 82% had elevated cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen levels, 67% were unilocular, 69% occurred in the body/tail, 92% did not communicate with pancreatic ducts, the mean size was 2...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Yue Xue, Alessandro Vanoli, Serdar Balci, Michelle M Reid, Burcu Saka, Pelin Bagci, Bahar Memis, Hyejeong Choi, Nobuyike Ohike, Takuma Tajiri, Takashi Muraki, Brian Quigley, Bassel F El-Rayes, Walid Shaib, David Kooby, Juan Sarmiento, Shishir K Maithel, Jessica H Knight, Michael Goodman, Alyssa M Krasinskas, Volkan Adsay
Literature on non-ampullary-duodenal carcinomas is limited. We analyzed 47 resected non-ampullary-duodenal carcinomas. Histologically, 78% were tubular-type adenocarcinomas mostly gastro-pancreatobiliary type and only 19% pure intestinal. Immunohistochemistry (n=38) revealed commonness of 'gastro-pancreatobiliary markers' (CK7 55, MUC1 50, MUC5AC 50, and MUC6 34%), whereas 'intestinal markers' were relatively less common (MUC2 36, CK20 42, and CDX2 44%). Squamous and mucinous differentiation were rare (in five each); previously, unrecognized adenocarcinoma patterns were noted (three microcystic/vacuolated, two cribriform, one of comedo-like, oncocytic papillary, and goblet-cell-carcinoid-like)...
October 14, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Syed A Khurram, Jemel Sultan-Khan, Neil Atkey, Paul M Speight
OBJECTIVES: Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC), initially considered a subset of acinic cell carcinoma (ACC), harbors an ETV6 translocation [t(12:15)(p13:25 q)] and is now regarded as a distinct entity. Several putative markers to differentiate MASC from ACC have been reported; however, the immunohistochemical profile is still being explored and updated. The purpose of this study was to further explore the cytogenetic and immunohistochemical profile of MASC. STUDY DESIGN: Cases were analyzed for ETV6 translocation using fluorescent in situ hybridization and stained for CK8, amylase, mammaglobin, GCDFP-15, MUC1, MUC4, STAT5a, Ki-67 (n = 37), CK7, Cam5...
July 20, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Iraklis Perysinakis, Emilia Minaidou, Dimitrios Mantas, George C Sotiropoulos, Vasileia Leontara, Hercules Tsipras, George N Zografos, Ilias Margaris, Gregory Kouraklis
INTRODUCTION: Subclassification of ampullary adenocarcinomas into intestinal and pancreatobiliary type has prognostic and therapeutic implications. Immunohistochemical staining against specific biomarkers has been proven to be a useful adjunct in determining the exact histotype. Furthermore the immunohistochemical profile is suggestive of the molecular pathogenic mechanisms through which the tumor evolved. The aim of this study was to correlate p53, MDM2, CK7, CK20, MUC1, MUC2 and CDX2 expression in ampullary adenocarcinomas with the type of differentiation and patients' survival...
September 22, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Anne M Mills, Cherie Paquette, Tatjana Terzic, Philip E Castle, Mark H Stoler
Cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (CIN2-3) is thought to arise from a distinct population of cells at the squamocolumnar junction (SCJ). Immunohistochemical (IHC) biomarkers that characterize the SCJ phenotype, including CK7, have been proposed as tools to separate the subset of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) (CIN1) that will progress to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion from the majority of cases, which will resolve without further intervention. We conducted a retrospective study of CK7 IHC on adjudicated CIN1 tissue from women in the placebo arm of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine trials...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
José Morales-Roselló, Loida Pamplona-Bueno, Beatriz Montero-Balaguer, Domingo Desantes-Real, Alfredo Perales-Marín
Cystic endosalpingiosis refers to the existence of heterotopic cystic müllerian tissue resembling structures of the fallopian tubes. We report a case of florid cystic endosalpingiosis discovered in a pregnant woman during a scheduled cesarean section and review the current knowledge of this disease. A 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy attended the hospital day unit at term. The first twin was in a breech presentation and a cesarean section was scheduled. During the procedure the uterine fundus and part of the body were seen completely seeded with multitude of cyst-like structures resembling hydatids of Morgagni...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indira Kosovic, Ivana Kuzmic Prusac, Anna Berkovic, Jelena Marusic, Marko Mimica, Sandra Zekic Tomas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate proliferation, EGF and EGFR expression of villous trophoblast (VTB), decidual cells (DC), and extravillous trophoblast (EVTB) in the placentas from pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia (PE) and to compare them with placentas from normal pregnancies. METHODS: Twenty-nine PE placentas and 19 control placentas were studied for EGF and EGFR immunohistochemical expression (noted as week, moderate or strong). Proliferation was expressed as the proliferation index...
September 22, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
Soo-Ho Lee, Jun-Suh Lee, Gun-Hyung Na, Young-Kyoung You, Dong-Goo Kim
AIM: There were differences in progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgery between liver resection (LR) and liver transplantation (LT). In this study, immunohistochemical (IHC) markers associated with the prognosis of HCC were assessed. METHODS: Data were collected from 167 patients who underwent LT (n = 41) or LR (n = 126) for HCC. IHC markers including alpha fetoprotein (AFP), p53, Ki-67, cytokeratin 7 (CK7), and cytokeratin 19 (CK19) were compared between the treatment methods in tumor tissue...
September 21, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Y H Zhao, H G Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis of non-keratinizing carcinoma of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus. METHODS: Four hundred and forty-one cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal cavity and sinuses diagnosed in Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2008 to August 2015 were included. Twenty-six cases of non-keratinizing carcinomas were selected. The histopathologic features and the clinicopathologic data of these twenty-six cases were retrospectively analyzed...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Shogo Tajima, Kenji Koda
Uroplakin II antibody is exclusively specific for urothelial carcinoma. Nonurothelial carcinoma has not been reported to be immunoreactive for uroplakin II. In the present study, we hypothesized that breast carcinoma showing apocrine differentiation, such as invasive pleomorphic lobular carcinoma (IPLC) and apocrine carcinoma (AC), stains positive for uroplakin II. We identified 6 cases of IPLC between 2000 and 2014 by searching a computerized pathological database. We randomly selected 10 cases of each classic invasive lobular carcinoma (cILC) and AC and five cases of apocrine metaplasia (AM) that coexisted in a surgically resected breast carcinoma specimen...
2016: Disease Markers
Jelena Milosevic-Stevanovic, Miljan Krstic, Dragana Radovic-Janosevic, Milan Stefanovic, Vladimir Antic, Ivana Djordjevic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the differences in histopathological features of basal decidua and placenta in cases of preeclampsia with or without fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: A prospective case-control study included a study group consisting of 30 pregnant women with preeclampsia completed by cesarean section (CS), in 19 of whom preeclampsia was associated with IUGR, and in 11 it was not. The control group consisted of 20 healthy pregnant women delivered by elective CS...
September 13, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
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