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S Z Sambol, D Stimac, Z C Orlić, T Guina
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to determine any possible differences between haematological, biochemical and bone mineral density in vegetarians (vegans and lacto-ovovegetarians) and non-vegeterians. METHODS: The examined group consisted of 100 individuals: 50 non-vegetarians and 50 vegetarians. The vegetarian group was further divided in 2 subgroups: 20 vegans and 30 lacto-ovovegetarians. In all participants, plasma levels of erythrocytes, haemoglobin, haematocrit, iron, low density lipoprotein, (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) total cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose were measured...
December 2009: West Indian Medical Journal
B V Manyam
In pre-agricultural era, entire mankind consumed meat as early man was a hunter. Possibly he ate from plants sources which grew in the wilderness. With the advent of agriculture as an outcome of civilization, man acquired the ability to cultivate what he wanted, as by now he was influenced to some extent by the selection of the food that he wanted to eat. All this ultimately led to him taking to vegeterianism, which probably did not occur until approximately 1500 B.C. It is tried in this study to examine the concept of nutrition, balanced diet, appetite, food etiquette, food sanitation and food poisoning etc...
1995: Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine (Hyderabad)
R Gupta
To determine prevalence of various lifestyle coronary risk factors and their association with coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence we studied 3397 Indian men (1982 rural, 1415 urban). A doctor-administered questionnaire, physical examination and electrocardiography was used. CHD was diagnosed by clinical history and electrocardiographic criteria. Lifestyle risk factor prevalence was: illiteracy 1238 (36%), nuclear family 575 (17%), crowded housing (> or = 3 persons/room) 837 (25%), > or = 4 children 881 (26%), smoking 1554 (46%), alcohol intake 592 (17%), non-vegeterian diet intake 835 (25%), high fat intake 1196 (35%), absence of prayer habit 2276 (67%), absent leisure-time physical activity 2832 (83%) and obesity (body-mass index > or = 27 Kg/M2) 265 (8%)...
October 1996: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
T D Shultz, J E Leklem
Human blood selenium (Se) levels have been related to the types of food consumed, bioavailability of Se, and various disease states, including cancer. Some of these interrelationships were investigated in this study in Corvallis, OR (a low soil-Se region) using adult vegetarian and omnivorous subjects, some of whom had hormone-dependent cancer. The study groups were comprised of 48 Seventh-day Adventist vegetarians, 16 Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, 52 non-Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, and 16 nonvegetarian hormone-dependent cancer subjects...
January 1983: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
W V Welshons, C S Murphy, R Koch, G Calaf, V C Jordan
The phenolic lignans enterolactone and enterodiol appear periodically in women's urine, dependent upon synthesis from plant-derived lignans by the intestinal microflora. The phytoestrogen equol is also present in women's urine, and is also derived from a vegetarian diet. Antiestrogenic or antiproliferative actions of these compounds have been postulated and related to the observation that there is a reduced incidence of breast cancer associated with diet. We evaluated the estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity of these compounds using four sensitive assays in tissue culture, including the use of human breast cancer cell lines T47D and MCF-7...
November 1987: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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March 1977: Pediatrics
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