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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235617/-predictors-of-seizure-related-injuries-in-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-in-colombia-a-case-control-study
#1
J P Orozco-Hernandez, J F Quintero-Moreno, C Duque-Salazar, A Gil-Restrepo, J William-Martinez, A Lizcano-Meneses, H Carmona-Villada
AIM: To identify predictors of seizure related injuries in adult patients with epilepsy in Colombia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case-control study. Patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy aged 16 years and older who attended the Neurocentro epilepsy center between 2013-2016 and were attended by a specialist in epilepsy were included. Patients with seizure related injuries were defined as the case. The control group was conformed by those without seizure related injuries...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220741/an-update-on-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-epilepsy-among-older-adults
#2
Queeny Ip, Daniel C Malone, Jenny Chong, Robin B Harris, David M Labiner
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of epilepsy among beneficiaries of Arizona Medicare aged 65 and over. METHODS: An analysis of Medicare administrative claims data for 2009-2011 for the State of Arizona was conducted. Epilepsy was defined as a beneficiary who had either≥one claim with diagnostic code of 345.xx (epilepsy) or at least two claims with diagnosis code of 780.3x (seizure) ≥30days apart. Stroke-related and psychiatric comorbidities were determined by diagnostic codes...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210926/hospital-readmissions-after-pediatric-trauma
#3
Aline B Maddux, Peter E DeWitt, Peter M Mourani, Tellen D Bennett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate, etiology, and timing of unplanned and planned hospital readmissions and to identify risk factors for unplanned readmission in children who survive a hospitalization for trauma. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study of a probabilistically linked dataset from the National Trauma Data Bank and the Pediatric Health Information System database, 2007-2012. SETTING: Twenty-nine U.S. children's hospitals...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153996/clinical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-and-anti-voltage-gated-potassium-channel-complex-antibodies-in-children-a-series-of-24-cases
#4
Bahadir Konuskan, Mirac Yildirim, Haluk Topaloglu, Ilknur Erol, Ulkuhan Oztoprak, Huseyin Tan, Rahsan Gocmen, Banu Anlar
OBJECTIVE: The symptomatology and paraclinical findings of antibody-mediated encephalitis, a relatively novel disorder, are still being characterized in adults and children. A high index of suspicion is needed in order to identify these cases among children presenting with various neurological symptoms. The aim of this study is to examine the clinical, demographic and laboratory findings and outcome of children with anti-NMDAR and anti-VGKC encephalitis for any typical or distinctive features...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136314/syncope-prognosis-based-on-emergency-department-diagnosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Cristian Toarta, Muhammad Mukarram, Kirtana Arcot, Soo-Min Kim, Sarah Gaudet, Marco L A Sivilotti, Brian H Rowe, Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy
OBJECTIVE: Relatively little is known about outcomes after disposition among syncope patients assigned various diagnostic categories during emergency department (ED) evaluation. We sought to measure the outcomes among these groups within 30 days of the initial ED visit. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled adult syncope patients at six EDs and excluded patients with pre-syncope, persistent mental status changes, intoxication, seizure, and major trauma. Patient characteristics, ED management, diagnostic impression (presumed vasovagal, orthostatic, cardiac, or other/unknown) at the end of the ED visit and physicians' confidence in assigning the etiology were collected...
November 14, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131884/seizures-and-encephalitis-in-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-igg-disease-vs-aquaporin-4-igg-disease
#6
Shahd H M Hamid, Dan Whittam, Mariyam Saviour, Amal Alorainy, Kerry Mutch, Samantha Linaker, Tom Solomon, Maneesh Bhojak, Mark Woodhall, Patrick Waters, Richard Appleton, Martin Duddy, Anu Jacob
Importance: Antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein IgG (MOG-IgG) are increasingly detected in patients with non-multiple sclerosis-related demyelination, some of whom manifest a neuromyelitis optica (NMO) phenotype. Cortical involvement, encephalopathy, and seizures are rare in aquaporin 4 antibody (AQP4-IgG)-related NMO in the white European population. However, the authors encountered several patients with seizures associated with MOG-IgG disease. Objective: To compare incidence of seizures and encephalitis-like presentation, or both between AQP4-IgG-positive and MOG-IgG-positive patients...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097134/clinical-course-and-long-term-outcome-in-children-with-alteration-of-consciousness-underwent-continuous-eeg-monitoring-a-prospective-observational-study-in-thailand
#7
Thitiporn Fangsaad, Siriluk Assawabumrungkul, Anannit Visudtibhan
The study aims to explore the clinical course and long-term outcome in children with altered consciousness who underwent cEEG monitoring. A prospective observational study was conducted in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units from 1 September 2014 through 31 March 2017. Standard 10-20 cEEG monitoring was applied. Twenty children were included in this study. Their ages ranged from 1 day to 142.7 months (median age 40.6 months). Continuous EEG was commenced from 5 h to 5 days after the onset of alteration of consciousness (median 40...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984246/the-role-of-eeg-in-the-diagnosis-and-classification-of-the-epilepsy-syndromes-a-tool-for-clinical-practice-by-the-ilae-neurophysiology-task-force-part-1
#8
Michalis Koutroumanidis, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Roberto Caraballo, Sushma Goyal, Anna Kaminska, Pramote Laoprasert, Hirokazu Oguni, Guido Rubboli, William Tatum, Pierre Thomas, Eugen Trinka, Luca Vignatelli, Solomon L Moshé
The concept of epilepsy syndromes, introduced in 1989, was defined as "clusters of signs and symptoms customarily occurring together". Definition of epilepsy syndromes based on electro-clinical features facilitated clinical practice and, whenever possible, clinical research in homogeneous groups of patients with epilepsies. Progress in the fields of neuroimaging and genetics made it rapidly clear that, although crucial, the electro-clinical description of epilepsy syndromes was not sufficient to allow much needed development of targeted therapies and a better understanding of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of seizures...
October 6, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946157/duplex-sonographic-diagnosis-of-perinatal-hemorrhagic-stroke
#9
Karl-Heinz Deeg
Children are particularly at risk for stroke in the neonatal period. Neonatal hemorrhagic stroke is rarer than ischemic stroke. The incidence is 40.7/100 000 live births. Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a disruption in venous drainage usually due to local thrombosis. As a result of the nonspecific clinical symptoms in this age group, diagnosis is usually made too late. The only relatively specific symptom is a cerebral seizure during the first week of life. Therefore, stroke should be ruled out by diagnostic imaging in the case of any seizure in the first days of life...
October 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922360/comparison-of-background-eeg-activity-of-different-groups-of-patients-with-idiopathic-epilepsy-using-shannon-spectral-entropy-and-cluster-based-permutation-statistical-testing
#10
Jose Antonio Urigüen, Begoña García-Zapirain, Julio Artieda, Jorge Iriarte, Miguel Valencia
Idiopathic epilepsy is characterized by generalized seizures with no apparent cause. One of its main problems is the lack of biomarkers to monitor the evolution of patients. The only tools they can use are limited to inspecting the amount of seizures during previous periods of time and assessing the existence of interictal discharges. As a result, there is a need for improving the tools to assist the diagnosis and follow up of these patients. The goal of the present study is to compare and find a way to differentiate between two groups of patients suffering from idiopathic epilepsy, one group that could be followed-up by means of specific electroencephalographic (EEG) signatures (intercritical activity present), and another one that could not due to the absence of these markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914375/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-patients-with-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#11
George E Fragoulis, Sophia Lionaki, Aliki Venetsanopoulou, Panayiotis G Vlachoyiannopoulos, Haralampos M Moutsopoulos, Athanasios G Tzioufas
The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in Greek patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and describe the related clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of these patients. Medical charts of all ANCA-associated vasculitis patients were retrospectively reviewed, and GPA patients with CNS involvement were identified. Demographics, serological, and clinical features throughout the disease course were recorded. Comparisons of disease characteristics and long-term outcomes were performed between GPA patients with and without CNS involvement...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904568/pediatric-autoimmune-encephalitis
#12
REVIEW
Massimo Barbagallo, Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Catia Romano, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
Autoimmune (antibody mediated) encephalitis (AE) is emerging as a more common cause of pediatric encephalopathy than previously thought. The autoimmune process may be triggered by an infection, vaccine, or occult neoplasm. In the latter case, onconeural autoantibodies are directed against intracellular neuronal antigens, but a recent heterogeneous group of encephalitic syndromes has been found not to have underlying tumor but is associated with autoantibodies to the neuronal surface or synaptic antigens. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are very common in autoimmune encephalopathy; as a result, affected children may be initially present to psychiatrists...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883876/metabolic-screening-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-delay-seizure-and-or-regression
#13
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Taghdiri, Ezatollah Abasi, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Zhila Naghavi, Ahad Ghazavi, Mohammad Mahdi Nasehi, Abbas Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Neurometabolic disorder is one of the important groups of diseases that prominently has presentation early infantile period. In this study, we evaluated the result of metabolic screening of the patient with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in development, demographic disease clinical and radiological findings on admitted and outpatient visited children. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two-year retrospective review of 187 children with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in the Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran was performed...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843460/safety-threats-during-the-care-of-infants-with-hypoglycemic-seizures-in-the-emergency-department-a-multicenter-simulation-based-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Barbara M Walsh, Sandeep Gangadharan, Travis Whitfill, Marcie Gawel, David Kessler, Robert A Dudas, Jessica Katznelson, Megan Lavoie, Khoon-Yen Tay, Melinda Hamilton, Linda L Brown, Vinay Nadkarni, Marc Auerbach
BACKGROUND: Errors in the timely diagnosis and treatment of infants with hypoglycemic seizures can lead to significant patient harm. It is challenging to precisely measure medical errors that occur during high-stakes/low-frequency events. Simulation can be used to assess risk and identify errors. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that general emergency departments (GEDs) would have higher rates of deviations from best practices (errors) compared to pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) when managing an infant with hypoglycemic seizures...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814540/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-fragile-x-syndrome-cooccurring-conditions-and-current-treatment
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Walter E Kaufmann, Sharon A Kidd, Howard F Andrews, Dejan B Budimirovic, Amy Esler, Barbara Haas-Givler, Tracy Stackhouse, Catharine Riley, Georgina Peacock, Stephanie L Sherman, W Ted Brown, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) are frequently codiagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Most of our current knowledge about ASD in FXS comes from family surveys and small studies. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of the ASD diagnosis in a large clinic-based FXS population to better inform the care of people with FXS. METHODS: The study employed a data set populated by data from individuals with FXS seen at specialty clinics across the country...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804898/epilepsy-surgery-of-low-grade-epilepsy-associated-neuroepithelial-tumors-a-retrospective-nationwide-italian-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marco Giulioni, Gianluca Marucci, Veronica Pelliccia, Francesca Gozzo, Carmen Barba, Giuseppe Didato, Flavio Villani, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Pier Paolo Quarato, Vincenzo Esposito, Alessandro Consales, Matteo Martinoni, Gianfranco Vornetti, Corrado Zenesini, Carlo Efisio Marras, Nicola Specchio, Luca De Palma, Raffaele Rocchi, Flavio Giordano, Giovanni Tringali, Paolo Nozza, Gabriella Colicchio, Guido Rubboli, Giorgio Lo Russo, Renzo Guerrini, Paolo Tinuper, Francesco Cardinale, Massimo Cossu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude and results of Italian epilepsy surgery centers in the surgical management of "low grade epilepsy associated neuroepithelial tumors" (LEATs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 339 consecutive patients with LEATs who underwent surgery between January 2009 and June 2015 at eight Italian epilepsy surgery centers. We compared demographic, clinical, pathologic, and surgical features of patients with favorable (Engel class I) and unfavorable (Engel class II, III, and IV) seizure outcome...
November 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783808/recrudescence-of-deficits-after-stroke-clinical-and-imaging-phenotype-triggers-and-risk-factors
#17
Mehmet A Topcuoglu, Esen Saka, Scott B Silverman, Lee H Schwamm, Aneesh B Singhal
Importance: Reemergence of previous stroke-related deficits (or poststroke recrudescence [PSR]) is an underrecognized and inadequately characterized phenomenon. Objective: To investigate the clinical features, triggers, and risk factors for PSR. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study incorporated a crossover cohort study to identify triggers and a case-control study to identify risk factors. The study used the Massachusetts General Hospital Research Patient Data Repository to identify patients for the period January 1, 2000, to November 30, 2015, who had a primary or secondary diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain at least once, and whose inpatient or outpatient clinician note or discharge summary stated the term recrudescence...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768851/underestimation-of-sudden-deaths-among-patients-with-seizures-and-epilepsy
#18
Orrin Devinsky, Daniel Friedman, Jocelyn Y Cheng, Ellen Moffatt, Anthony Kim, Zian H Tseng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the definite and potential frequency of seizures and epilepsy as a cause of death (COD) and how often this goes unrecognized. METHODS: Prospective determination of seizures or epilepsy and final COD for individuals aged 18-90 years with out-of-hospital sudden cardiac deaths (SCDs) from the population-based San Francisco POST SCD Study. We compared prospective seizure or epilepsy diagnosis and final COD as adjudicated by a multidisciplinary committee (pathologists, electrophysiologists, and a vascular neurologist) vs retrospective adjudication by 2 epileptologists with expertise in seizure-related mortality...
August 29, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762041/neuroinfluenza-evaluation-of-seasonal-influenza-associated-severe-neurological-complications-in-children-a-multicenter-study
#19
Muhammet Sukru Paksu, Kerim Aslan, Tanil Kendirli, Basak Nur Akyildiz, Nazik Yener, Riza Dincer Yildizdas, Mehmet Davutoglu, Ayhan Yaman, Sedat Isikay, Gulnar Sensoy, Haydar Ali Tasdemir
PURPOSE: Although influenza primarily affects the respiratory system, in some cases, it can cause severe neurological complications. Younger children are especially at risk. Pediatric literature is limited on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of influenza-related neurological complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate children who suffered severe neurological manifestation as a result of seasonal influenza infection. METHODS: The medical records of 14 patients from six hospitals in different regions of the country were evaluated...
July 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745672/-gender-aspects-of-medico-social-adaptation-in-adults-with-early-onset-of-epilepsy
#20
O V Grebenyuk, T V Kazennykh, V M Alifirova, M V Svetlik, N A Bokhan
AIM: To study the relationship between indicators of clinical picture and social adaptation in idiopathic and symptomatic epilepsies with onset before adulthood depending on patient's gender. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out. The study group included 212 women and 171 men, aged 24-60 years, with confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy with onset before 18 years. Seventy-three patients were diagnosed with symptomatic epilepsy, 310 with idiopathic epilepsy...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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