keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adolescent personality disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#1
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211557/associations-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-biographical-context-in-patients-of-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#2
Michał Skalski, Jerzy A Sobański, Tomasz Golabek, Agata Świerkosz, Katarzyna Klasa, Mikołaj Przydacz, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation of subjectively estimated biographical context and lower urinary tract symptoms reported by patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the biographical context of co-existence of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence reported by 3,929 patients in a day hospital for treatment of neurotic disorders. The symptom checklists KO "0" were completed by patients prior to any treatment...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199069/adding-clinical-validity-to-the-statistical-power-of-large-scale-epidemiological-surveys-on-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-a-combined-approach-to-investigate-psychopathology-and-development-specific-personality-traits-associated-with-internet-addiction
#3
Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Eva Duven, Sebastian Giralt, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that internet addiction is associated with psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence. Many epidemiologic surveys are lacking representativeness, and knowledge on disorder-specific risk factors is scarce. One weakness of epidemiologic studies often regards their lack of generalizability to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of internet addiction among adolescents, focusing on its prevalence in a population-based context, psychopathological correlates, and predisposing factors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161655/improvements-in-personal-resiliency-among-youth-who-have-completed-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-preliminary-examination
#4
Esther Deblinger, Elisabeth Pollio, Melissa K Runyon, Robert A Steer
This preliminary investigation assessed whether different aspects of personal resiliency improved for youth (7-17 years old) impacted by child sexual abuse (CSA) after completing trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA; Prince-Embury, 2007) were administered to 157 youth before and after participating in TF-CBT with their nonoffending caregivers. Hierarchal regression analyses were performed to ascertain whether pretest RSCA resiliency scores moderated decreases in the posttraumatic stress and self-reported depressive symptoms at posttreatment...
February 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120255/treating-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-in-adolescents-what-is-on-the-menu
#6
REVIEW
Stanley Brewer, Mark D Godley, Leslie A Hulvershorn
Specific treatments targeting adolescents with substance use disorders (SUDs) have been developed over the last couple of decades. Despite these developmentally tailored treatments, long-term abstinence rates remain relatively low among adolescents receiving care. Research over the last decade has increasingly focused on adolescents with comorbid substance use and psychiatric disorders, in recognition of the barriers caused by inadequate treatment of co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Treatments targeting dually diagnosed youth are now regarded as essential to improving SUD treatment outcomes, but remain underutilized...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120108/bullying-involvement-in-relation-to-personality-disorders-a-prospective-follow-up-of-508-inpatient-adolescents
#7
Henna Antila, Riikka Arola, Helinä Hakko, Kaisa Riala, Pirkko Riipinen, Liisa Kantojärvi
We examined the association of bullying behavior in adolescence to personality disorder (PD) diagnosed in early adulthood. The study sample consisted of 508 adolescents (300 girls, 208 boys) who were admitted to psychiatric inpatient treatment between April 2001 and March 2006. Data were based on semi-structured K-SADSPL-interviews and hospital treatments extracted from the Care Register for Health Care (CRHC). At the end of 2013, details of psychiatric diagnoses recorded on hospital discharges and outpatient visits were extracted from the CRHC...
January 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115297/social-skills-training-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-facebook-project-rex-connect-a-survey-study
#8
McLeod Frampton Gwynette, Danielle Morriss, Nancy Warren, James Truelove, Jennifer Warthen, Charles Paul Ross, George Mood, Charlotte Anne Snook, Jeffrey Borckardt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) spend more time using electronic screen media than neurotypical peers; preliminary evidence suggests that computer-assisted or Web-based interventions may be beneficial for social skills acquisition. The current generation of adolescents accesses the Internet through computers or phones almost daily, and Facebook is the most frequently used social media platform among teenagers. This is the first research study to explore the use of Facebook as a therapeutic tool for adolescents with ASD...
January 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112810/perceived-criticism-in-the-treatment-of-a-high-risk-adolescent
#9
Jill M Hooley, David J Miklowitz
Perceived criticism (PC) is a construct that plays a key role in family relationships of persons with psychiatric disorders. It can be assessed in a brief and simple way using the Perceived Criticism Measure. PC ratings made by patients about their caregivers predict adverse clinical outcomes including increases in symptoms and relapse across a broad range of psychiatric diagnoses. Although research supports the concurrent and predictive validity of PC, the measure is not widely used in clinical practice. Here, we describe the construct of PC and review evidence supporting its clinical utility...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110678/addressing-the-treatment-gap-a-key-challenge-for-extending-evidence-based-psychosocial-interventions
#10
Alan E Kazdin
Remarkable progress has been made in developing psychosocial interventions for a broad range of psychiatric disorders for children, adolescents, and adults. In addition many efforts are well underway to address the research-practice gap, which refers to the dissemination evidence-based treatments from controlled settings to clinical care. The present article focuses on the treatment gap, which refers to the discrepancy in the proportion of the population in need of services and the proportion that actually receives them...
January 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109735/implementation-and-evaluation-of-two-educational-strategies-to-improve-screening-for-eating-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#11
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Cheever, Sara F Forman, Jonathan Hatoun, Farah Jooma, Currie Touloumtzis, Louis Vernacchio
PURPOSE: Routine screening for disordered eating or body image concerns is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We evaluated the ability of two educational interventions to increase screening for eating disorders in pediatric primary care practice, predicting that the "active-learning" group would have an increase in documented screening after intervention. METHODS: We studied 303 practitioners in a large independent practice association located in the northeastern United States...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101133/temperament-and-character-traits-in-female-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093374/predictors-of-pharmacological-intervention-in-adolescents-with-protracted-symptoms-after-sports-related-concussion
#13
Shanti M Pinto, Maria F Twichell, Luke C Henry
BACKGROUND: Though recovery after concussion is spontaneous and typically occurs within two to three weeks, a subset of adolescents develop persistent symptoms after a sports-related concussion. Medications are frequently prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment approach to alleviate these symptoms; however, there are no guidelines for prescription of pharmacologic therapy after concussion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate common factors that are associated with the use of medications (anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, neurostimulant, or sleeping medication) during recovery from a sports-related concussion...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078089/the-specificity-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-comparison-with-psychiatric-and-healthy-controls
#15
Marina Ibraheim, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Research has supported the notion that emotion dysregulation is a core feature of BPD. However, given that this feature is typical of healthy adolescents as well as adolescents with other psychiatric disorders, the specificity of emotion dysregulation to BPD in this age group has not yet been determined. The overall aim of this study was to examine emotion dysregulation in adolescent inpatients with BPD compared with non-BPD inpatient adolescents and healthy non-clinical adolescents, taking into account both global emotion dysregulation deficits and more specific impairments...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#16
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049103/depressive-symptom-composites-associated-with-cortisol-stress-reactivity-in-adolescents
#17
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Alyssa S Mielock, Uma Rao
BACKGROUND: Altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function is common in youth with major depressive disorder (MDD) but variability in the strength and direction of HPA alterations has prompted a search for symptom-based subtypes with unique neuroendocrine signatures. This study investigated the extent to which depressive symptom composites were differentially associated with cortisol responses to psychosocial stress. METHODS: This study examined salivary cortisol responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in 145 adolescents who varied in their risk for MDD: 38 had current MDD; 35 were healthy but at high risk for MDD based on having one or both parents with unipolar MDD; and 72 were healthy youth with no personal or family history of a psychiatric disorder...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039803/resting-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning
#18
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Julian F Thayer, Michael Kaess
Vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) is reduced in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with comorbid psychopathology, in particular BPD. We aimed to examine differences in cardiac function (vmHRV and heart rate [HR]) comparing adolescents (12-17 years) engaging in NSSI (n=30) and healthy controls (n=30). Further, we aimed to determine clinical concomitants of cardiac function in patients with NSSI. Analyses showed no significant group differences on cardiac function...
December 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031589/profile-of-young-suicide-attempt-survivors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-puducherry
#19
Anand Lingeswaran
CONTEXT: Puducherry has the highest suicide prevalence rate in India by 2014, predominantly among the 14-30 years age group. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to study the characteristics of adolescent and youth suicide attempters in Puducherry and measure the suicide intent. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An observational study of 6 months duration was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030984/clinical-and-neuropsychological-characteristics-of-adhd-according-to-dsm-5-age-of-onset-criterion-in-korean-children-and-adolescents
#20
Taeyeop Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features and neuropsychological profiles of children and adolescents with ADHD according to the age-of-onset defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5). METHOD: We compared the following three groups: early-onset ADHD group (onset before age 7, n = 86), late-onset ADHD group (onset between ages 7 and 12, n = 58), and the control group ( n = 88). RESULTS: Both early-onset and late-onset ADHD groups had more symptoms and functional impairments than the control group...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
keyword
keyword
119351
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"