keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adolescent personality disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791192/perceived-pubertal-timing-and-borderline-personality-pathology-in-female-adolescent-inpatients
#1
Francesca Penner, Carla Sharp
Borderline personality pathology typically onsets during adolescence. An important consideration in understanding adolescent psychopathology is pubertal development. Perceived pubertal timing is one facet of puberty that is especially relevant to adolescent psychopathology, especially when timing is perceived to be early. Despite links between early pubertal timing and core features of borderline personality disorder, and between early pubertal timing and disruptions in the interpersonal context, perceived pubertal timing has yet to be studied in relation to adolescent borderline pathology...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788699/psychiatric-disorders-and-recidivism-among-korean-adolescents-on-probation-or-parole
#2
Yooli Lim, Eun-Jin Park, Bongseog Kim
Objective: The percentage of repeat offenders is increasing among juvenile offenders in Korea. The assessment and treatment of the mental health of young offenders may play an important role in reducing the recidivism rate of adolescents. This study examined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescents on probation or parole and the risk of recidivism associated with specific psychiatric disorders. Methods: We studied 120 adolescents on probation. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Conners' Rating Scale-Revised were used to diagnose psychiatric disorders...
May 24, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774525/teaching-social-perception-skills-to-adolescents-with-autism-and-intellectual-disabilities-using-video-based-group-instruction
#3
Tiffany A Stauch, Joshua B Plavnick, Sudha Sankar, Annie C Gallagher
Few interventions focus on teaching social skills to adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) that are consistently used during interactions with peers ( Carter et al., 2014). The present study evaluated the effects of video-based group instruction (VGI) on the acquisition of social perception skills of five adolescents with ASD or ID in a public school setting. Social perception involves observing affective behaviors of others, discriminating relevant environmental stimuli, and differentially reinforcing the affective behavior of another person...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772912/relations-between-empathy-and-anxiety-dimensions-in-inpatient-adolescents
#4
Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
May 17, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759915/social-interaction-anxiety-and-personality-traits-predicting-engagement-in-health-risk-sexual-behaviors
#5
Ryan L Rahm-Knigge, Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner
Individuals with social interaction anxiety, a facet of social anxiety disorder, withdraw from or avoid social encounters and generally avoid risks. However, a subset engages in health risk sexual behavior (HRSB). Because sensation seeking, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity predict engagement in HRSB among adolescents and young adults, the present study hypothesized that latent classes of social interaction anxiety and these personality traits would differentially predict likelihood of engagement in HRSB...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751732/population-screening-for-hemoglobinopathies
#6
H W Goonasekera, C S Paththinige, V H W Dissanayake
Hemoglobinopathies are the most common single-gene disorders in the world. Their prevalence is predicted to increase in the future, and low-income hemoglobinopathy-endemic regions need to manage most of the world's affected persons. International organizations, governments, and other stakeholders have initiated national or regional prevention programs in both endemic and nonendemic countries by performing population screening for α- and β-thalassemia, HbE disease, and sickle cell disease in neonates, adolescents, reproductive-age adults (preconceptionally or in the early antenatal period), and family members of diagnosed cases...
May 11, 2018: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747157/empirical-typology-of-adolescent-personality-organization
#7
Marko Biberdzic, Karin Ensink, Lina Normandin, John F Clarkin
The concept of personality organization (PO) is central to current psychodynamic understanding of normal personality development as well as the development of personality disorders (PDs). However, individual differences in PO have primarily been studied in adult populations, and it remains unclear whether the clinical indicators of normal, neurotic and borderline PO manifest differently during adolescence. This study aimed to address the gaps in current knowledge regarding the potentially different manifestation of pathological PO in adolescence...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730662/anomalous-self-experiences-markers-of-schizophrenia-vulnerability-or-symptoms-of-depersonalization-disorder-a-phenomenological-investigation-of-two-cases
#8
Tor Gunnar Værnes, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Paul Møller
BACKGROUND: Basic self-disturbance (BSD) is proposed to constitute the clinical core of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, including prodromal states and schizotypy. Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs) are suggested as phenotypic variants of BSD, representing markers of schizophrenia vulnerability. However, ASEs are not restricted to the schizophrenia spectrum, but may also occur in non-psychotic states like depersonalization disorder (DPD). It is unclear to what extent the prevalence and nature of ASEs are differing between the two conditions...
May 4, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727808/an-investigation-of-the-mentalization-based-model-of-borderline-pathology-in-adolescents
#9
Jeremy Quek, Clair Bennett, Glenn A Melvin, Naysun Saeedi, Michael S Gordon, Louise K Newman
OBJECTIVE: According to mentalization-based theory, transgenerational transmission of mentalization from caregiver to offspring is implicated in the pathogenesis of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Recent research has demonstrated an association between hypermentalizing (excessive, inaccurate mental state reasoning) and BPD, indicating the particular relevance of this form of mentalizing dysfunction to the transgenerational mentalization-based model. As yet, no study has empirically assessed a transgenerational mentalization-based model of BPD...
April 14, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712788/mesocorticolimbic-connectivity-and-volumetric-alterations-in-dcc-mutation-carriers
#10
Daniel E Vosberg, Yu Zhang, Aurore Menegaux, Amanda Chalupa, Colleen Manitt, Simone Zehntner, Conrad Eng, Kristina DeDuck, Dominique Allard, France Durand, Alain Dagher, Chawki Benkelfat, Myriam Srour, Ridha Joober, Franco Lepore, Guy Rouleau, Hugo Théoret, Barry J Bedell, Cecilia Flores, Marco Leyton
The axon guidance cue receptor DCC plays a critical role in the organization of mesocorticolimbic pathways in rodents. To investigate whether this occurs in humans, we measured (i) anatomical connectivity between the ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra (SN/VTA) and forebrain targets, (ii) striatal and cortical volumes, and (iii) putatively associated traits and behaviors. To assess translatability, morphometric data were also collected in Dcc haploinsufficient mice.The human volunteers were 20 DCC +/- mutation carriers, 16 DCC +/+ relatives, and 20 DCC +/+ unrelated healthy volunteers (UHV) (28 females)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710097/effectiveness-of-universal-self-regulation-based-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Shikta Das, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Russell M Viner
Importance: Childhood and adolescence self-regulation (SR) is gaining importance as a target of intervention because of mounting evidence of its positive associations with health, social and educational outcomes. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of rigorously evaluated interventions to improve self-regulation in children and adolescents. Data Sources: Keyword searches of the PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, ERIC, British Education Index, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and CENTRAL were used to identify all studies published through July 2016...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709541/the-physiological-orienting-response-in-female-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Julian Koenig, Romuald Brunner, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
BACKGROUND: The reflexive startle- and orienting-response have been widely studied in psychiatric disorders. Existing evidence in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is mixed, and limited to adults. The present study addressed clinical correlates of the psychophysiological orienting response in adolescents with BPD. METHODS: Female adolescents (13-19 years) with BPD (n = 30), healthy controls (HC; n = 34), and psychiatric clinical controls (CC; n = 53) participated in the trial...
April 27, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706162/course-of-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-from-early-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#13
Katherine L Guyon-Harris, Kathryn L Humphreys, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah
OBJECTIVE: Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is poorly understood beyond early childhood. The course of DSED signs in a sample of children who experienced severe, early deprivation from early childhood to early adolescence was examined using variable-centered (linear mixed modeling) and person-centered (growth mixture modeling) approaches. METHOD: The study included 124 children with a history of institutional care from a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an alternative to institutional care and 69 community comparison children matched by age and sex...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674372/obesity-and-eating-disorders-in-integrative-prevention-programmes-for-adolescents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Debbe Thompson, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Theresa Nicklas, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Tabbetha Lopez, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Tom Baranowski
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and eating disorders are public health problems that have lifelong financial and personal costs and common risk factors, for example, body dissatisfaction, weight teasing and disordered eating. Obesity prevention interventions might lead to the development of an eating disorder since focusing on weight may contribute to excessive concern with diet and weight. Therefore, the proposed research will assess whether integrating obesity and eating disorder prevention procedures ('integrated approach') do better than single approach interventions in preventing obesity among adolescents, and if integrated approaches influence weight-related outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673929/sleep-disorders-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-insights-into-types-relationship-to-obesity-and-high-altitude-and-possible-lines-of-management
#15
REVIEW
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid, Huda A Alharthi
A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep pattern of a person that may be serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of causes, from teeth grinding to night terrors. Sleep disorders are usually prevalent among adolescents and young adults, possibly due to factors related to life style, dietary habits, hormonal and emotional disturbances. Other factors that may precipitate sleep disorders include environmental, psychological and genetic factors...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656264/prospective-predictors-of-first-onset-depressive-disorders-in-adolescent-females-with-anxiety-disorders
#16
Estee M Hausman, Roman Kotov, Greg Perlman, Greg Hajcak, Ellen M Kessel, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Anxious youth are at increased risk for later depressive disorders, but not all anxious youth develop depression. Sequential comorbidity models emphasize shared risk factors and anxiety sequelae, but some anxious youth who later develop depression may have risk factors that are relatively specific to depression, in addition to a liability to anxiety. We examined several variables that appear relatively specific to risk for depression-the personality traits of low positive affectivity and high sadness, and an electrophysiological measure of blunted response to reward - in predicting first-onset depressive disorders and depressive symptoms in clinically anxious adolescent girls...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#17
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625537/evaluation-of-dystonia-in-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-atomoxetine-within-the-truven-marketscan-database-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Kristin J Meyers, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, Robert Goodloe, Ludmila A Kryzhanovskaya, Marie A Liles-Burden, Nicole A Kellier-Steele, Michele Mancini
OBJECTIVE: Atomoxetine is a non-stimulant drug indicated for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children aged ≥6 years, adolescents, and adults. In this retrospective cohort study, the incidence and risk of dystonia in children and adolescents treated with atomoxetine was compared to a propensity score-matched cohort of stimulant users. METHODS: Data between 01 January 2006 and 31 December 2014 from patients aged 6-17 years in the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database were used to generate two cohorts of patients: (1) atomoxetine users and (2) stimulant (methylphenidates or amphetamines) users...
April 6, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615959/rorschach-evaluation-of-personality-and-emotional-characteristics-in-adolescents-with-migraine-versus-epilepsy-and-controls
#19
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Daniela Candeloro, Alda Mita, Matteo Chiappedi, Umberto Balottin
The literature examining primary headache, including migraine, in adolescents, has pointed out the key role played by a wide range of psychiatric disorders in reducing the patients' quality of life. Moreover, pioneering studies showed that preexisting personality characteristics, specific emotion regulation styles and psychological-psychiatric difficulties are likely to increase the risk of the onset, maintenance, and outcome of headache. Still personality issues in migraine have been poorly studied, in particular in children and adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615040/multicentre-cross-sectional-clinical-evaluation-study-about-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-disorders-differences-of-sex-development-dsd-compared-to-country-specific-reference-populations-dsd-life
#20
Marion Rapp, Esther Mueller-Godeffroy, Peter Lee, Robert Roehle, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Birgit Köhler, Anna Nordenström, Claire Bouvattier, Ute Thyen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in quality of life (QOL) in individuals with disorders/differences of sex development (DSD) have been restricted to subpopulations of the condition. We describe QOL in adult persons with DSD compared to country specific references and assess the impact of diagnosis. METHODS: The multicentre cross-sectional clinical evaluation (dsd-LIFE) took place in 14 specialized clinics in six European countries. Adolescents (≥16 years) and adults having a DSD condition were included from 02/2014 to 09/2015...
April 3, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
keyword
keyword
119351
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"