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adolescent personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334631/internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-latent-transition-analysis-using-alspac-data
#1
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between internalizing and externalizing dimensions of psychopathology has relied heavily on variable-centered analytical techniques. Person-centered methodologies complement the variable-centered approach, and may help explain the medium-to-large correlations that exist between higher order dimensions of psychopathology. What little person-centered research exists has been cross-sectional and utilized adult samples. The present study sought to take a person-centered approach to the modeling of psychiatric comorbidity during a key developmental phase; middle childhood through adolescence...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#2
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318468/understanding-adolescent-personality-pathology-from-growth-trajectories-of-childhood-oddity
#3
Barbara De Clercq, Lize Verbeke, Elien De Caluwé, Tom Vercruysse, Joeri Hofmans
Research on developmental trajectories of early maladaptive features for understanding later personality disorders (PDs) is increasingly recognized as an important study area. The course of early odd features is highly relevant in this regard, as only a few researchers have addressed childhood oddity in the context of emerging PDs. Using latent growth modeling, the current study explores growth parameters of odd features in a mixed sample of Flemish community and referred children (N = 485) across three measurement waves with 1-year time intervals...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314458/facilitating-transition-from-high-school-and-special-education-to-adult-life-focus-on-youth-with-learning-disorders-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-speech-language-impairments
#4
REVIEW
Lee I Ascherman, Julia Shaftel
Youth with learning disorders, speech/language disorders, and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may experience significant struggles during the transition from high school to postsecondary education and employment. These disorders often occur in combination or concurrently with behavioral and emotional difficulties. Incomplete evaluation may not fully identify the factors underlying academic and personal challenges. This article reviews these disorders, the role of special education law for transitional age youth in public schools, and the Americans with Disabilities Act in postsecondary educational and employment settings...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306230/the-evidence-based-rationale-for-physical-therapy-treatment-of-children-adolescents-and-adults-diagnosed-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-hypermobile-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#5
Raoul H H Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Verity Pacey, Inge de Wandele, Sandy Smeenk, Nicoleta Woinarosky, Stephanie Sabo, Mark C Scheper, Leslie Russek, Jane V Simmonds
New insights into the phenotype of Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-hypermobile type (hEDS) have raised many issues in relation to classification, diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. Within the multidisciplinary team, physical therapy plays a central role in management of individuals with hypermobility related disorders. However, many physical therapists are not familiar with the diagnostic criteria, prevalence, common clinical presentation, and management. This guideline aims to provide practitioners with the state of the art regarding the assessment and management of children, adolescents, and adults with JHS/hEDS...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303109/the-effect-of-abuse-history-on-adolescent-patients-with-feeding-and-eating-disorders-treated-through-psychodynamic-therapy-comorbidities-and-outcome
#6
Annamaria M Strangio, Lucio Rinaldi, Gianluigi Monniello, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Chiara de Waure, Luigi Janiri
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of our study was to compare the characteristics and comorbidities of patients with eating disorders between those who suffered from a childhood abuse and those who did not. Our second aim was to analyze the differences in the outcome of the psychodynamic therapy between abused and not abused patients. METHODS: Twenty-six adolescent patients with eating disorders were assessed. Adolescent were evaluated by a single expert psychiatrist by checklists and questionnaires: EDI 3, SCL 90, BIS11, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Global Assessment of Functioning, SCID II, and CTQ-Self control (SF)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285372/dysfunctional-personality-traits-in-adolescence-effects-on-alerting-orienting-and-executive-control-of-attention
#7
Maria Casagrande, Andrea Marotta, Valeria Canepone, Alfredo Spagna, Caterina Rosa, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Augusto Pasini
The present study examined attentional networks performance in 39 adolescents with dysfunctional personality traits, split into two group, Group < 10 and Group ≥ 10, according to the number of criteria they met at the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders. The attentional performance has been tested by means of a modified version of the Attentional Network Test (ANTI-V) which allows testing both phasic and tonic components of the alerting system, the exogenous aspect of the orienting system, the executive network and their interactions...
March 11, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285316/the-interaction-of-childhood-maltreatment-sex-and-borderline-personality-features-in-the-prediction-of-the-cortisol-awakening-response-in-adolescents
#8
Michael Kaess, Sarah Whittle, Julian G Simmons, Martina Jovev, Nicholas B Allen, Andrew M Chanen
AIMS: The study aimed to investigate childhood maltreatment, sex, and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms as prospective predictors of adolescent hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity. METHOD: A sample of 69 adolescents (30 female and 39 male) were selected from a larger longitudinal study of adolescent development and assessed at 3 time points. BPD symptoms were assessed at T1 (approx. 12.5 years), childhood maltreatment was assessed at T2 (approx...
March 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280307/social-relationships-among-adolescents-as-described-in-an-electronic-diary-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Katriina I Anttila, Minna J Anttila, Marjo H Kurki, Maritta A Välimäki
Social relationships among adolescents with mental disorders are demanding. Adolescents with depressive symptoms may have few relationships and have difficulties sharing their problems. Internet may offer reliable and easy to use tool to collect real-time information from adolescents. The aim of this study is to explore how adolescents describe their social relationships with an electronic diary. Mixed methods were used to obtain a broad picture of adolescents' social relationships with the data gathered from network maps and reflective texts written in an electronic diary...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#10
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259261/scoliosis-and-the-social-media-facebook-as-a-means-of-information-exchange
#11
Jonathan P Ng, Nadim Tarazi, Damien P Byrne, Joseph F Baker, John P McCabe
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Over the last decade, the emergence of social networking websites such as Facebook have revolutionized information dissemination and broadened opportunities to engage in discussions. In particular, having been widely adopted in the younger generation, the use of this medium has become more prevalent in health disorders such as scoliosis in the adolescent population. However, the quality of information on Facebook is unregulated and variable, which may mislead patients in their decision making...
March 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258610/co-development-between-key-personality-traits-and-alcohol-use-disorder-from-adolescence-through-young-adulthood
#12
Diana R Samek, Brian M Hicks, Emily Durbin, J Benjamin Hinnant, William G Iacono, Matthew McGue
OBJECTIVE: Personality traits related to negative emotionality and low constraint are strong correlates of alcohol use disorder (AUD), but few studies have evaluated the prospective interplay between these traits and AUD symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood. METHOD: The Minnesota Twin Family Study (N = 2,769) was used to examine the developmental interplay between AUD symptoms and three personality measures of constraint, negative emotionality, and aggressive undercontrol from ages 17 to 29...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255760/autism-goes-to-college-understanding-the-needs-of-a-student-population-on-the-rise
#13
Rebecca Elias, Susan W White
Understanding the needs of adolescents and emerging adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with respect to transition to postsecondary education is critical to development of user-informed transition programming. Parents of adolescents and emerging adults with ASD (n = 52) and ADHD (n = 47) completed an online survey. Social interaction training and independent living training were services frequently requested by parents in the ASD group. Additionally, parents of postsecondary students with ASD endorsed distinct challenges with self-advocacy, managing emotions, and managing personal/adaptive skills relative to postsecondary students with ADHD...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253015/characteristics-of-foster-care-history-as-risk-factors-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-youth-in-care
#14
Nathanael J Okpych, Mark E Courtney
This study evaluates foster care history characteristics as risk factors for psychopathology. We examine characteristics of youths' foster care histories separately and as a gestalt (i.e., identification of latent classes). Six mental health disorders and lifetime suicide attempt were assessed via in-person interviews with a representative sample of older adolescents in California foster care (n = 706). Information on respondents' foster care histories were obtained from state administrative data. Half of the sample (47...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237505/stressful-life-events-increase-aggression-and-alcohol-use-in-young-carriers-of-the-gabra2-rs279826-rs279858-a-allele
#15
Evelyn Kiive, Kariina Laas, Mariliis Vaht, Toomas Veidebaum, Jaanus Harro
Research of GABRA2 gene in alcohol use and impulse control suggests its role in aggressive behaviour. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of GABRA2 genotype and stressful life events on aggressive behaviour, alcohol use frequency and occurrence of alcohol use disorder in a population representative sample of adolescents followed up from third grade to 25 years of age. The sample consisted of the younger cohort of the longitudinal Estonian Children Personality, Behaviour and Health Study...
February 23, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#16
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211557/associations-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-biographical-context-in-patients-of-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#17
Michał Skalski, Jerzy A Sobański, Tomasz Golabek, Agata Świerkosz, Katarzyna Klasa, Mikołaj Przydacz, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation of subjectively estimated biographical context and lower urinary tract symptoms reported by patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the biographical context of co-existence of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence reported by 3,929 patients in a day hospital for treatment of neurotic disorders. The symptom checklists KO "0" were completed by patients prior to any treatment...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199069/adding-clinical-validity-to-the-statistical-power-of-large-scale-epidemiological-surveys-on-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-a-combined-approach-to-investigate-psychopathology-and-development-specific-personality-traits-associated-with-internet-addiction
#18
Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Eva Duven, Sebastian Giralt, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that internet addiction is associated with psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence. Many epidemiologic surveys are lacking representativeness, and knowledge on disorder-specific risk factors is scarce. One weakness of epidemiologic studies often regards their lack of generalizability to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of internet addiction among adolescents, focusing on its prevalence in a population-based context, psychopathological correlates, and predisposing factors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161655/improvements-in-personal-resiliency-among-youth-who-have-completed-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-preliminary-examination
#19
Esther Deblinger, Elisabeth Pollio, Melissa K Runyon, Robert A Steer
This preliminary investigation assessed whether different aspects of personal resiliency improved for youth (7-17 years old) impacted by child sexual abuse (CSA) after completing trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA; Prince-Embury, 2007) were administered to 157 youth before and after participating in TF-CBT with their nonoffending caregivers. Hierarchal regression analyses were performed to ascertain whether pretest RSCA resiliency scores moderated decreases in the posttraumatic stress and self-reported depressive symptoms at posttreatment...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
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