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adolescent personality disorder

Ahdieh Chinekesh, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Farahnaz Mohammadi, Mohammad Esmael Motlagh, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Shirin Djalalinia, Gelayol Ardalan
Background: Mental health is considered as an integral and essential component of overall health. Its determinants and related factors are one of the most important research priorities, especially in adolescents and young people. Using a qualitative approach, the present study aimed to identify factors affecting the mental health of youth in Iran. Methods: In 2017, following content analysis principles, and using semi-structured in-depth interviews, we conducted a qualitative study exploring the opinions of young people about mental health...
2018: F1000Research
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shuai Wang, Stephen Crystal, Jeffrey A Bridge, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVES: Among adolescents and young adults with nonfatal self-harm, our objective is to identify risk factors for repeated nonfatal self-harm and suicide death over the following year. METHODS: A national cohort of patients in the Medicaid program, aged 12 to 24 years ( n = 32 395), was followed for up to 1 year after self-harm. Cause of death information was obtained from the National Death Index. Repeat self-harm per 1000 person-years and suicide deaths per 100 000 person-years were determined...
March 19, 2018: Pediatrics
Jennifer F Buckman, Evgeny G Vaschillo, Maria Fonoberova, Igor Mezić, Marsha E Bates
OBJECTIVE: It has been nearly 15 years since Kazdin and Nock published methodological and research recommendations for understanding mechanisms of change in child and adolescent therapy. Their arguments and enthusiasm for research on mechanisms of behavior change (MOBCs) resonated across disciplines and disorders, as it shined a light on the crucial importance of understanding how and for whom treatments instigate behavior change and how therapeutic mechanisms might be extended to "situations and settings of everyday life...
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Mirjam N Landgraf, Lucia Albers, Birte Rahmsdorf, Katharina Vill, Lucia Gerstl, Michaela Lippert, Florian Heinen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the knowledge about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and the implementation of the German guideline for FASD among different professionals in the health and social system and among parents with children with FASD. METHODS: A questionnaire about FASD, containing 20 items, was sent by post to all children's hospitals (n = 287), all hospitals for child and adolescent psychiatry (n = 173), all social paediatric centres (n = 162), all neuropaediatricians (n = 129) and all youth welfare offices (n = 672) in Germany...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Yaniv Efrati
BACKGROUND: Adolescent compulsive sexual behavior (CSB), and its associations with other personality predispositions (attachment orientations, temperament), gender, religiosity, and psychopathological tendencies. Five alternative empirical models were examined, all based on current theory and research on CSB. METHODS: The sample include 311 high-school adolescents (184 boys, 127 girls) ranging in age from 16 to 18 (M  = 16.94, SD  = .65) and enrolled in the eleventh (43...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Deepak Jayarajan, Preeti Jacob
Substance use disorders in children and adolescents are a significant cause of concern as they can have long term implications in practically every sphere. The etiological factors that contribute to substance use disorders are complex and the formulation must amalgamate and synthesize all the different factors including the predisposing, perpetuating, precipitating and protective factors in order to plan management. Interventions must stem from this comprehensive formulation and must be child-focused, multidisciplinary, multisystemic, with strong family participation and community involvement...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sarah K Mesrobian, Alessandro E P Villa, Michel Bader, Lorenz Götte, Alessandra Lintas
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by deficits in executive functions and decision making during childhood and adolescence. Contradictory results exist whether altered event-related potentials (ERPs) in adults are associated with the tendency of ADHD patients toward risky behavior. Clinically diagnosed ADHD patients ( n = 18) and healthy controls ( n = 18), aged between 18 and 29 (median 22 Yo), were screened with the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales and assessed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, and by the 60-item HEXACO Personality Inventory...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Megan Rose Stafford, Mick Cooper, Michael Barkham, Jeni Beecham, Peter Bower, Karen Cromarty, Andrew J B Fugard, Charlie Jackson, Peter Pearce, Rebekah Ryder, Cathy Street
BACKGROUND: One in ten children in Britain have been identified as experiencing a diagnosable mental health disorder. School-based humanistic counselling (SBHC) may help young people identify, address, and overcome psychological distress. Data from four pilot trials suggest that SBHC may be clinically effective. However, a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) is needed to provide a robust test of its effectiveness, to assess its cost-effectiveness, and to determine the process of change...
March 9, 2018: Trials
María de Los Ángeles Quiroga
This study addresses the epidemiology of risk factors and personality traits in adolescents of 16 and 17 years of age, charged with homicide, with a focus on analyzing psychic functioning, socio-demographic variables and family constitution. This is a longitudinal, retrospective and inferential study of the psychiatric assessments of several subjects who were interviewed in the Family Courts of the province of Mendoza. The hypothesis states that adolescents who have violent behavior, impulsivity and diffculty in complying with rules, do so as a result of having been victims of violence in an inadequate family environment...
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
A Noteboom, L M Dil, H L Van
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (bpd) seems to have a progressive course, starting during adolescence. It's prevalence peaks during early adulthood, after which it declines. The symptom profile changes during its course. Consequently, a personalised approach based on staging and profiling appears suitable for bpd. AIM: To describe a useful model for clinical staging and profiling of bpd. METHOD: A literature analysis, reviewing the evidence of clinical stages and risk factors...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Joanna Halicka, Andrzej Kiejna
There are 2 types of basic self-destructive behavior: suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Currently, more and more researchers point out significant disorders which are NSSI behavior. This phenomenon is not new; NSSI seemingly has always been present in society, and certainly in approx. 10% of the population worldwide in recent times. Despite the enormous scale of the phenomenon, so far it has been overlooked and marginalized. They were considered transient behavior, typical of adolescence, a part of youthful rebellion...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Ivana Pentz, Sandra Nakić Radoš
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to examine differences between adolescents and young women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) and control groups in personality traits, eating attitudes and behaviours, and perception of parental behaviour. BACKGROUND: The FHA is stress-induced anovulation, both related to metabolic challenges, such as excessive exercise and malnutrition, and psychogenic challenges, such as perfectionism and poor coping strategies...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Nitin Joseph, V P Rasheeka, Vhaishakh Nayar, Purnima Gupta, Mukund Pai Manjeswar, Anjali Mohandas
BACKGROUND: Social phobia is a common psychiatric disorder, and its onset happens usually around late adolescence period. Therefore, early diagnosis and its management is essential in any educational setting. OBJECTIVES: To identify university students with social phobia, to find out its determinants and to observe its impact on their quality of life. METHODS: The data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Social Phobia Inventory Questionnaire and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire were used...
February 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Gabriela Alarcón, Erika E Forbes
Purpose of Review: Prosocial behavior and depression are related constructs that both increase during adolescence and display gender-specific effects. The current review surveys literature examining the association between depressive symptoms and prosociality, measured with behavioral economic paradigms, across development and proposes a theoretical model explaining a mechanism through which adolescent girls have higher risk for depression than boys. Recent Findings: Relative to healthy controls, prosocial behavior is reduced in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) but may be increased in adolescents with MDD...
June 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Michael Paulzen, Stefan Unterecker, Markus Schwarz, Andreas Conca, Gerald Zernig, Gerhard Gründer, Ekkerhard Haen, Pierre Baumann, Niels Bergemann, Hans Willi Clement, Katharina Domschke, Gabriel Eckermann, Karin Egberts, Manfred Gerlach, Christine Greiner, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Gudrun Hefner, Renate Helmer, Ger Janssen, Eveline Jaquenoud-Sirot, Gerd Laux, Thomas Messer, Rainald Mössner, Matthias J Müller, Bruno Pfuhlmann, Peter Riederer, Alois Saria, Bernd Schoppek, Margarete Silva Gracia, Benedikt Stegmann, Werner Steimer, Julia C Stingl, Manfred Uhr, Sven Ulrich, Roland Waschgler, Gabriela Zurek, Christoph Hiemke
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) combines the quantification of drug concentrations in blood, pharmacological interpretation and treatment guidance. TDM introduces a precision medicine tool in times of increasing awareness of the need for personalized treatment. In neurology and psychiatry, TDM can guide pharmacotherapy for patient subgroups such as children, adolescents, pregnant women, elderly patients, patients with intellectual disabilities, patients with substance use disorders, individuals with pharmacokinetic peculiarities and forensic patients...
March 1, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Steven Barnes, Julie Prescott
BACKGROUND: Extant evidence suggests that the proportion of adolescents suffering from anxiety disorders (ADs) has increased by up to 70% since the mid-1980s, with experience of anxiety at this stage associated with significant negative short- and long-term life outcomes. The existing therapeutic interventions (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT; attention bias modification, ABM) have proven to have clinically measurable benefits in reducing anxiety, but their efficacy is often compromised by social and practical barriers...
February 28, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
Greg Perlman, Molly Gromatsky, Kate Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (aNSSI) is associated with abnormal scores on personality traits, such as high neuroticism. However, no studies to date have examined personality facets of self-injury in a cohort younger than college-age. Plus, adolescent psychopathologies, especially Depressive Disorders, are associated with a similar personality profile and are highly comorbid with aNSSI. Consequently, it remains unclear whether personality provides insights about aNSSI in youth beyond that due to underlying psychopathology...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Nishadi Ranasinghe, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Shaman Rajindrajith, Madusanka S Perera, Samudu Nishanthinie, Tania Warnakulasuriya, Piyanjali Thamesha de Zoysa
BACKGROUND: Chronic abdominal pain is a common worldwide problem and known to be associated with psychological problems. This study evaluated the association between abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs), psychological maladjustment and personality traits in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 13-18 years were recruited from 5 randomly selected schools in Ampara district of Sri Lanka. AP-FGIDs were diagnosed using Rome III criteria...
February 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
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