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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879187/recent-trends-in-primary-care-antidepressant-prescribing-to-children-and-young-people-an-e-cohort-study
#1
A John, A L Marchant, D L Fone, J I McGregor, M S Dennis, J O A Tan, K Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Concerns relating to increased use of psychotropic medication contrast with those of under-treatment and under-recognition of common mental disorders in children and young people (CYP) across developed countries. Little is known about the indications recorded for antidepressant prescribing in primary care in CYP. METHOD: This was an electronic cohort study of routinely collected primary-care data from a population of 1.9 million, Wales, UK. Poisson regression was undertaken to model adjusted counts of recorded depression symptoms, diagnoses and antidepressant prescriptions...
December 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872259/hallucinations-a-systematic-review-of-points-of-similarity-and-difference-across-diagnostic-classes
#2
Flavie Waters, Charles Fernyhough
Hallucinations constitute one of the 5 symptom domains of psychotic disorders in DSM-5, suggesting diagnostic significance for that group of disorders. Although specific featural properties of hallucinations (negative voices, talking in the third person, and location in external space) are no longer highlighted in DSM, there is likely a residual assumption that hallucinations in schizophrenia can be identified based on these candidate features. We investigated whether certain featural properties of hallucinations are specifically indicative of schizophrenia by conducting a systematic review of studies showing direct comparisons of the featural and clinical characteristics of (auditory and visual) hallucinations among 2 or more population groups (one of which included schizophrenia)...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#3
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866408/prescribing-patterns-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medications-among-children-and-adolescents-in-korea-2007-2011
#4
Inmyung Song, Ju-Young Shin
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication use among children and adolescents in Korea between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011. METHODS: Using the Korea National Health Insurance claims database, we identified patients between one and 17 years of age who had at least one medical claim for the diagnosis of ADHD (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision: F90.0). The annual prevalence of ADHD diagnoses was calculated, using national census data from Statistics Korea on the population aged between one and 17 years as the denominator...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855559/psychiatric-disorders-and-personality-styles-in-mothers-of-female-adolescent-patients-with-eating-disorders
#5
Silke Rost, Viola Kappel, Harriet Salbach, Nora Schneider, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Winter, Lea Sarrar
OBJECTIVE: To provide further insight into the presently poorly understood role of familial psychopathology in the development of eating disorders (ED). METHOD: The present study assesses psychiatric and personality disorders listed on Axis I and II of the DSM-IV in 27 mothers of adolescent patients with anorexia (AN mothers) and 14 bulimia nervosa (BN mothers) as well as 22 mentally healthy girls (CG mothers) on a categorical level. Furthermore, we conducted a dimensional diagnostic regarding personality styles and personality traits...
November 18, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#6
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845526/first-empirical-evaluation-of-outcomes-for-mentalization-based-group-therapy-for-adolescents-with-bpd
#7
Sune Bo, Carla Sharp, Emma Beck, Jesper Pedersen, Matthias Gondan, Erik Simonsen
Adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a devastating disorder, and it is essential to identify and treat the disorder in its early course. A total of 34 female Danish adolescents between 15 and 18 years old participated in 1 year of structured mentalization-based group therapy. Twenty-five adolescents completed the study, of which the majority (23) displayed improvement regarding borderline symptoms, depression, self-harm, peer-attachment, parent-attachment, mentalizing, and general psychopathology...
August 15, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845310/-the-clinical-dynamics-of-mental-retardation-and-social-adaptation-of-patients-as-they-get-older
#8
O P Shmakova
AIM: To establish the patterns of social adaptation of patients with mental retardation (MR) as they get older in relation to the clinical dynamics of MR, to analyze the association between the formation of MR and factors and circumstances that determine the adaptive capacity of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and eighty-seven patients with MR were followed-up from childhood to young adulthood (23-25 years old). The average duration of follow-up was 17...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844459/neuroticism-and-conscientiousness-as-moderators-of-the-relation-between-social-withdrawal-and-internalizing-problems-in-adolescence
#9
Kelly A Smith, Matthew G Barstead, Kenneth H Rubin
Social withdrawal, or refraining from social interaction in the presence of peers, places adolescents at risk of developing emotional problems like anxiety and depression. The personality traits of neuroticism and conscientiousness also relate to emotional difficulties. For example, high conscientiousness predicts lower incidence of anxiety disorders and depression, while high neuroticism relates to greater likelihood of these problems. Based on these associations, socially withdrawn adolescents high in conscientiousness or low in neuroticism were expected to have lower levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842945/addiction-severity-pattern-associated-with-adult-and-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-patients-with-addictions
#10
Melina Fatséas, Hortense Hurmic, Fuschia Serre, Romain Debrabant, Jean-Pierre Daulouède, Cécile Denis, Marc Auriacombe
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent among adults with addictive disorders, but little is known about addiction patterns associated with ADHD diagnosis. This study examined addiction severity in patients with co-occurring addictive disorders and ADHD controlling for the potential influence of associated psychiatric comorbidity. Data were collected in French outpatient addiction treatment centers. A total of 217 patients seeking treatment for substance or gambling addiction were included...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#11
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822375/typical-patterns-of-disordered-eating-among-swedish-adolescents-associations-with-emotion-dysregulation-depression-and-self-esteem
#12
Erika Hansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Per Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Using the person-oriented approach, we determined the relationships between four indicators (restraint and eating, shape, and weight concerns) of disordered eating (DE), as measured by the self-reported Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), to identify typical DE patterns. We then related these patterns to clinical EDE-Q cut-off scores and emotion dysregulation, depression, self-esteem, and two categories of DE behaviors (≥2 or ≤1 "yes" responses on the SCOFF questionnaire)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#13
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819466/the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-adolescence-and-its-common-personality-and-cognitive-correlates
#14
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Frederic N Brière, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Jean-Luc Martinot, Frauke Nees, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Marcella Rietschel, Michael N Smolka, Trevor W Robbins, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Patricia Conrod
The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling to model the structure of psychopathology in an adolescent community-based sample (N = 2,144) including conduct disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance use, anxiety, depression, phobias, and other emotional symptoms, assessed at 16 years...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815662/knowledge-and-self-esteem-of-individuals-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-nf1
#15
Kayla Rosnau, S Shahrukh Hashmi, Hope Northrup, John Slopis, Sarah Noblin, Myla Ashfaq
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a progressive genetic disorder characterized by physical findings such as café-au-lait macules, Lisch nodules, and neurofibromas in addition to other medical complications. Learning and social problems are more prevalent among individuals affected with NF1. It has been reported that people with NF1 have lower self-esteem (SE) when compared to the general population. Additionally, a study published over 20 years ago found that overall knowledge of NF1 was lacking in individuals affected with the condition...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814456/the-role-of-parental-psychopathology-and-personality-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#16
Molly A Gromatsky, Monika A Waszczuk, Greg Perlman, Katie Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a significant risk factor for suicidal behavior, is strongly associated with adolescent psychopathology and personality traits, particularly those characterized by poor self-regulation. Some parental psychopathology and personality traits have also been identified as risk factors for adolescent NSSI, but specific parental characteristics and mechanisms involved in this association have not been systematically examined. The current study comprehensively investigated the contribution of parental psychopathology and personality to adolescent NSSI using data from the baseline wave of the Adolescent Development of Emotion and Personality Traits (ADEPT) study of 550 adolescent girls (mean age = 14...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812907/a-within-person-analysis-of-the-association-between-borderline-personality-disorder-and-alcohol-use-in-adolescents
#17
Sophie A Lazarus, Jordan Beardslee, Sarah L Pedersen, Stephanie D Stepp
Many studies examining the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use during adolescence have focused on between-individual differences (rank order stability), comparing whether adolescents with elevated rates of alcohol use have higher BPD symptoms than those with lower rates of alcohol use. As such, the extent to which an individual's alcohol use is associated with concurrent and future BPD symptoms has been relatively unstudied. The current study assessed year-to-year fluctuations in alcohol use and BPD symptoms in a large urban sample of girls from age 14 to age 17 (N = 2450)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810654/treatment-utilization-among-persons-with-opioid-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#18
Li-Tzy Wu, He Zhu, Marvin S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose epidemic. Treatment use data from diverse racial/ethnic groups with opioid use disorder (OUD) are needed to inform treatment expansion efforts. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics and behavioral health of persons aged ≥12 years that met criteria for past-year OUD (n=6,125) in the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N=503,101). We determined the prevalence and correlates of past-year use of alcohol/drug use treatment and opioid-specific treatment to inform efforts for improving OUD treatment...
October 19, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806866/neurofunctional-differences-among-youth-with-and-at-varying-risk-for-developing-mania
#19
Jeffrey A Welge, Lawrence J Saliba, Jeffrey R Strawn, James C Eliassen, L Rodrigo Patino, Caleb M Adler, Wade Weber, Marguerite Reid Schneider, Drew H Barzman, Stephen M Strakowski, Melissa P DelBello, Robert K McNamara
OBJECTIVE: To examine prefrontal and amygdala activation during emotional processing in youth with or at varying risk for developing mania to identify candidate central prodromal risk biomarkers. METHOD: Four groups of medication-free adolescents (10-20 years old) participated: adolescents with first-episode bipolar I disorder (BP-I; n = 32), adolescents with a parent with bipolar disorder and a depressive disorder (at-risk depressed [ARD]; n = 32), healthy adolescents with a parent with bipolar disorder (at-risk healthy [ARH]; n = 32), and healthy adolescents with no personal or family history of psychiatric illness (healthy comparison [HC]; n = 32)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788566/prescribing-patterns-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-medications-among-children-and-adolescents-in-korea-2007-2011
#20
Inmyung Song, Ju Young Shin
Objectives: This study analyzed the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication users among children and adolescents in Korea between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011. Methods: Using the Korea National Health Insurance claims database, we identified the patients aged between 1 and 17 years who had at least one medical claim for the diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10: F90.0). The annual prevalence of ADHD diagnosis was calculated, using national census data from the Statistics Korea on the population aged between 1 and 17 years as the denominator...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
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