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adolescent personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351895/a-tailored-web-based-intervention-to-improve-parenting-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety-problems-postintervention-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marie Bee Hui Yap, Shireen Mahtani, Ronald M Rapee, Claire Nicolas, Katherine A Lawrence, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders in young people are a global health concern. Parents have an important role in reducing the risk of these disorders, but cost-effective, evidence-based interventions for parents that can be widely disseminated are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the postintervention effects of the Partners in Parenting (PiP) program on parenting risk and protective factors for adolescent depression and anxiety, and on adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347983/experiences-of-an-internet-based-support-and-coaching-model-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#2
Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is also a lack of qualitative studies providing in-depth insight into these individuals' own experiences within this area. The current study aimed to explore how adolescents and young adults with ADHD, ASD or both experienced taking part in an internet-based support and coaching intervention...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345487/on-the-general-acceptance-of-confessions-research-opinions-of-the-scientific-community
#3
Saul M Kassin, Allison D Redlich, Fabiana Alceste, Timothy J Luke
Eighty-seven experts on the psychology of confessions-many of whom were highly published, many with courtroom experience-were surveyed online about their opinions on 30 propositions of relevance to deception detection, police interrogations, confessions, and relevant general principles of psychology. As indicated by an agreement rate of at least 80%, there was a strong consensus that several findings are sufficiently reliable to present in court. This list includes but is not limited to the proposition that the risk of false confessions is increased not only by explicit threats and promises but by 2 common interrogation tactics-namely, the false evidence ploy and minimization tactics that imply leniency by offering sympathy and moral justification...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340244/an-exploratory-study-of-adolescent-response-to-fluoxetine-using-psychological-and-biological-predictors
#4
Ada H Zohar, Tamar Eilat, Maya Amitai, Michal Taler, Romi Bari, Alon Chen, Alan Apter, Avraham Weizman, Silvana Fennig
Background: Not enough is known about predicting therapeutic response to serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors, and specifically to fluoxetine. This exploratory study used psychological and biological markers for (retrospective) prediction of treatment-response to fluoxetine in depressed and/or anxious adolescents. Methods: Forty-one consecutive adolescent outpatients with a primary diagnosis of severe affective and/or anxiety disorders were assessed and treated with an open-label 8-week trial of fluoxetine...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324732/tobacco-product-use-among-military-veterans-united-states-2010-2015
#5
Satomi Odani, Israel T Agaku, Corinne M Graffunder, Michael A Tynan, Brian S Armour
In 2015, an estimated 18.8 million U.S. adults were military veterans (1). Although the prevalence of tobacco-attributable conditions is high among veterans (2), there is a paucity of data on use of tobacco products, other than cigarettes, in this population. To monitor tobacco product use among veterans, CDC analyzed self-reported current (i.e., past 30-day) use of five tobacco product types (cigarettes, cigars [big cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars], roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco [chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus]) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294746/dating-violence-victimization-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-the-moderating-effect-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-in-adolescent-inpatients
#6
Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Tyson Reuter, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The aim of the study was to examine whether Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features moderate the relation between dating violence victimization (DVV) experiences and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent inpatients. A total of 184 adolescent inpatients completed measures on DVV, BPD features, and NSSI at admission to treatment. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relations between DVV, BPD features, and NSSI. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated a moderating effect of BPD features such that in the low BPD features group, more severe DVV was associated with greater NSSI frequency; adolescents in the high BPD group endorsed elevated, though stable, levels of NSSI at all levels of DVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285571/experts-opinion-about-the-pediatric-secondary-headaches-diagnostic-criteria-of-the-ichd-3-beta
#7
Aynur Özge, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Amy A Gelfand, Peter James Goadsby, Jean Christophe Cuvellier, Massimiliano Valeriani, Alexey Sergeev, Karen Barlow, Derya Uludüz, Osman Özgür Yalın, Noemi Faedda, Richard B Lipton, Alan Rapoport, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 was published in a beta version to allow clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Secondary Headache Disorders and Cranial Neuralgias and Other Headache Disorders sections of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years) and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. METHODS: Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285570/experts-opinion-about-the-primary-headache-diagnostic-criteria-of-the-ichd-3rd-edition-beta-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Aynur Özge, Noemi Faedda, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Amy A Gelfand, Peter James Goadsby, Jean Christophe Cuvellier, Massimiliano Valeriani, Alexey Sergeev, Karen Barlow, Derya Uludüz, Osman Özgür Yalın, Richard B Lipton, Alan Rapoport, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 (ICHD-3) was published in a beta version to allow the clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or to suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Primary Headache Disorders Section of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years), and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. METHODS: Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282024/emotion-regulation-individual-therapy-for-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#9
Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T Tull, Brjánn Ljótsson
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are scarce. As a first step in evaluating the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a novel treatment for adolescents with NSSID, we conducted an open trial of emotion regulation individual therapy for adolescents (ERITA): a 12-week, behavioral treatment aimed at directly targeting both NSSI and its proposed underlying mechanism of emotion regulation difficulties...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281946/mothers-experiences-of-supporting-adolescent-children-through-long-term-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#10
Jacqueline M Smith, Andrew Estefan, Vera Caine
Substance use disorder is a complex phenomenon that affects people in many different contexts. Adolescent substance abuse within families is a particular problem that merits ongoing study. In particular, the experiences of mothers in this context are not fully explored. In this narrative inquiry study, we explored the experiences of four mothers parenting children through long-term substance abuse treatment. Participants were recruited from a family-orientated long-term adolescent treatment center in Alberta, Canada...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250653/integrative-clinico-biological-pharmacogenetic-neuroimagistic-neuroendocrinological-and-psychological-correlations-in-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Daniela Veronica Chiriac, LuminiŢa Ştefania Ageu, Nicoleta Ioana Andreescu, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Roxana Folescu, Ana Cristina Bredicean, Maria Puiu, Elena Cecilia Ildikó Roşca, Mihaela Adriana Simu, Codrina Mihaela Levai
We approach the theme of modern treatment strategies, based on clinico-biological, pharmacogenetic, neuroimagistic, neuroendocrinological and psychological integrative correlations in the management of depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders. We target to evaluate the efficacy of the pharmacogenetic testing and the evolution, functioning of patients in correlation with specific neurobiological, neuroimagistic and neuroendocrinological markers. Our research was conducted between 2010-2016 on 80 children and adolescents with depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders - 40 children (G1 group), who benefited in choosing the pharmacotherapy from pharmacogenetic testing and 40 children without testing (G2 group)...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242985/increasing-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-after-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Daniel Dybdal, Janne S Tolstrup, Stine M Sildorf, Kirsten A Boisen, Jannet Svensson, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Grete K Teilmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric morbidity following childhood onset of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a matched, population-based cohort study based on Danish national registers, we identified children and adolescents who had been diagnosed as an in- or outpatient with type 1 diabetes before the age of 18, and afterwards diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (n = 5084). Control individuals were matched according to sex and date of birth (n = 35,588)...
December 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#13
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238313/differential-neural-processing-of-social-exclusion-and-inclusion-in-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener, Georg Groen, Dominik Neff, Martina Bonenberger, Birgit Abler
Introduction: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, NSSI often occurs independently of BPD. Altered neural processing of social exclusion has been shown in adolescents with NSSI and adults with BPD with additional alterations during social inclusion in BPD patients. Aims of this study were to investigate differences in neural processing of social inclusion and exclusion situations between adolescents with NSSI and young adults with BPD and NSSI...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227834/personality-pathology-grows-up-adolescence-as-a-sensitive-period
#15
REVIEW
Carla Sharp, Kiana Wall
There is mounting evidence that personality pathology, in particular, borderline pathology is a valid and reliable construct in adolescence, with prevalence, phenomenology, stability and risk factors similar to that of adult borderline personality disorder. Scientific evidence also delineates a marked separation of course and outcome of adolescent borderline personality disorder from other disorders and supports the efficacy of disorder-specific treatment. The current article addresses recent findings in these areas which point to adolescence as a sensitive period for the development for personality pathology...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227200/telepsychiatry-for-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-prometted-project
#16
Catherine M Doyen, Marie-Joëlle Oreve, Eric Desailly, Virginie Goupil, Kevin Zarca, Yann L'Hermitte, Pauline Chaste, Marie-Ode Bau, Didier Beaujard, Sliman Haddadi, Ana Bibay, Yves Contejean, Marie-Thérèse Coutrot, Liora Crespin, Isabelle Frioux, Mario Speranza, Nolwenn Francois, Kelley Kaye
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine for children and adolescents is a public health topic, and since 2009 in France, the legal framework defines practical modalities. Some children with Attention Deficit with or without Hyperactivity Disorder, social anxiety, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be easily engaged within a teleconsultation model. Literature suggests new opportunities to facilitate the care process for the ASD person and his family: diagnosis with the use of validated instruments and parental accompaniment...
December 11, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226569/children-born-by-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-have-increased-susceptibility-for-selected-chronic-diseases-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
Line R Jølving, Jan Nielsen, Ulrik S Kesmodel, Rasmus G Nielsen, Signe S Beck-Nielsen, Bente M Nørgård
OBJECTIVE: Fetal exposure to maternal rheumatoid arthritis (RA) might impact the long-term risk of disease in the offspring. We examined a possible association between maternal RA and 15 selected groups of chronic diseases in the offspring. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study was based on the Danish health registries and included data on all children born alive in Denmark from January 1st 1989 to December 31st 2013. The cohort comprised 2106 children born by women with RA (exposed), and 1 378 539 children born by women without RA (unexposed)...
December 11, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225887/a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-men-with-borderline-personality-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-antisocial-personality-disorder
#18
Marie-Pier Robitaille, Dave Checknita, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Joel Paris, Sheilagh Hodgins
Background: Some evidence suggests that the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is elevated among male criminal offenders. It is not presently known whether offending, and violent offending, are limited to those presenting comorbid Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) who have a childhood history of conduct problems and whether offending is linked to psychopathic traits. Methods: A community sample of 311 males followed from age 6 to 33 years, one third of whom had a criminal charge between ages 18 and 24, completed diagnostic interviews and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised interview...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222486/the-role-of-personality-and-subjective-exposure-experiences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-symptoms-among-children-following-wenchuan-earthquake
#19
Xiacan Chen, Jiajun Xu, Bin Li, Na Li, Wanjun Guo, Mao-Sheng Ran, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Junmei Hu
This study aims to investigate the role of personality traits and subjective exposure experiences in posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms. In Qingchuan, 21,652 children aged 7 to 15 years were assessed using face-to-face interviews one year after the Wenchuan earthquake in China. The Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, a modified earthquake exposure scale, the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (adolescent), and the Adolescent Depression Inventory were used to assess personality characteristics, trauma experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms, respectively...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216570/the-effects-of-alcohol-hangover-on-future-drinking-behavior-and-the-development-of-alcohol-problems
#20
Kelly E Courtney, Matthew Worley, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol hangover experiences in young adulthood have been shown to predict more subsequent alcohol problems. Hangover susceptibility appears to be partially heritable and related to family history of alcohol use disorders. However, very little is known about the developmental course of these associations and whether they are accounted for by an individual's drinking history. The goal of this study is to investigate the prospective and unique relationships between family history of alcohol use disorders, severity of alcohol hangover experiences in adolescence, and later alcohol use and related problems measured over 13years...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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