keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paternity Leave

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096280/paternal-postnatal-depression-in-ireland-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#1
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Paul Corcoran
BACKGROUND: it is well established that fatherhood has a long term positive and protective effect on men's health. However, there is also evidence that the transition to fatherhood can be complex and demanding and can lead to distress, anxiety and increased risk of depression. OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of paternal postnatal depression, and to examine associations with a range of demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: a cross-sectional study design was used to collect primary data from 100 fathers, whose partner gave birth to an infant in the previous 12 months...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979216/i-want-to-but-i-won-t-pluralistic-ignorance-inhibits-intentions-to-take-paternity-leave-in-japan
#2
Takeru Miyajima, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi
The number of male employees who take paternity leave in Japan has been low in past decades. However, the majority of male employees actually wish to take paternity leave if they were to have a child. Previous studies have demonstrated that the organizational climate in workplaces is the major determinant of male employees' use of family-friendly policies, because males are often stigmatized and fear receiving negative evaluation from others. While such normative pressure might be derived from prevailing social practices relevant to people's expectation of social roles (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874931/congratulations-you-re-pregnant-now-about-your-shifts-the-state-of-maternity-leave-attitudes-and-culture-in-em
#3
Casey Z MacVane, Megan L Fix, Tania D Strout, Kate D Zimmerman, Rebecca B Bloch, Christine L Hein
INTRODUCTION: Increasing attention has been focused on parental leave, but little is known about early leave and parental experiences for male and female attending physicians. Our goal was to describe and quantify the parental leave experiences of a nationally representative sample of emergency physicians (EP). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey, distributed via emergency medicine professional organizations, discussion boards, and listservs, to address study objectives...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838899/combining-parenthood-with-a-medical-career-questionnaire-survey-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-2002-covering-some-influences-and-experiences
#4
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
OBJECTIVES: To report the self-assessed views of a cohort of medical graduates about the impact of having (or wanting to have) children on their specialty choice and the extent to which their employer was supportive of doctors with children. SETTING: United Kingdom (UK). PARTICIPANTS: UK medical graduates of 2002 surveyed by post and email in 2014. RESULTS: The response rate was 64.2% (2057/3205). Most respondents were living with a spouse or partner (86%) and, of these, 49% had a medical spouse...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818270/the-glass-ceiling-a-biological-phenomenon
#5
Tom W J Schulpen
Many brilliant and ambitious young women lose their drive for top careers after childbirth. New maternal impulses are at odds with their original ambitions and for many mothers stress and frustration will be the result as they have to combine child care with workweeks of 60-80h to reach or remain at the top. Pregnancy hormones modify the female's brain as has been demonstrated already for decades in animals. This brain plasticity due to adult neurogenesis in the so called maternal circuitry of the limbic system is long-lasting and perhaps lifelong...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596519/the-connection-of-the-genetic-cultural-and-geographic-landscapes-of-transoxiana
#6
Maxat Zhabagin, Elena Balanovska, Zhaxylyk Sabitov, Marina Kuznetsova, Anastasiya Agdzhoyan, Olga Balaganskaya, Marina Chukhryaeva, Nadezhda Markina, Alexey Romanov, Roza Skhalyakho, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Liudmila Saroyants, Dilbar Dalimova, Damir Davletchurin, Shahlo Turdikulova, Yuldash Yusupov, Inkar Tazhigulova, Ainur Akilzhanova, Chris Tyler-Smith, Oleg Balanovsky
We have analyzed Y-chromosomal variation in populations from Transoxiana, a historical region covering the southwestern part of Central Asia. We studied 780 samples from 10 regional populations of Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Dungans, and Karakalpaks using 35 SNP and 17 STR markers. Analysis of haplogroup frequencies using multidimensional scaling and principal component plots, supported by an analysis of molecular variance, showed that the geographic landscape of Transoxiana, despite its distinctiveness and diversity (deserts, fertile river basins, foothills and plains) had no strong influence on the genetic landscape...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419152/the-disadvantages-of-being-a-hybrid-during-drought-a-combined-analysis-of-plant-morphology-physiology-and-leaf-proteome-in-maize
#7
Dana Holá, Monika Benešová, Lukáš Fischer, Daniel Haisel, František Hnilička, Helena Hniličková, Petr L Jedelský, Marie Kočová, Dagmar Procházková, Olga Rothová, Lenka Tůmová, Naďa Wilhelmová
A comparative analysis of various parameters that characterize plant morphology, growth, water status, photosynthesis, cell damage, and antioxidative and osmoprotective systems together with an iTRAQ analysis of the leaf proteome was performed in two inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.) differing in drought susceptibility and their reciprocal F1 hybrids. The aim of this study was to dissect the parent-hybrid relationships to better understand the mechanisms of the heterotic effect and its potential association with the stress response...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261407/factors-influencing-residency-program-selection-by-medical-students-pursuing-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#8
Meredith J Alston, Torri D Metz, Russell Fothergill, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
BACKGROUND : Little is known about the factors that influence medical student selection of obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We assessed the factors influencing residency program selection by fourth-year medical students pursuing ob-gyn training. METHODS : A voluntary, anonymous, 19-question survey of residency selection factors was distributed to all fourth-year medical students interviewing at 1 of 5 academic ob-gyn departments for a residency position during the 2013-2014 interview season...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244489/chromosome-choice-for-initiation-of-v-d-j-recombination-is-not-governed-by-genomic-imprinting
#9
Claudia Gebert, Lauren Correia, Zhenhu Li, Howard T Petrie, Paul E Love, Karl Pfeifer
V-(D)-J recombination generates the antigen receptor diversity necessary for immune cell function, while allelic exclusion ensures that each cell expresses a single antigen receptor. V-(D)-J recombination of the Ig, Tcrb, Tcrg and Tcrd antigen receptor genes is ordered and sequential so that only one allele generates a productive rearrangement. The mechanism controlling sequential rearrangement of antigen receptor genes, in particular how only one allele is selected to initiate recombination while at least temporarily leaving the other intact, remains unresolved...
May 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209281/association-among-father-involvement-partner-violence-and-paternal-health-un-multi-country-cross-sectional-study-on-men-and-violence
#10
Ko Ling Chan, Clifton R Emery, Emma Fulu, Richard M Tolman, Patrick Ip
INTRODUCTION: The influence of father involvement on intimate partner violence (IPV) and men's health is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of six aspects of father involvement in delivery and child care, and to explore their individual associations with IPV against women and paternal health in an Asia-Pacific context. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the 2011-2012 UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence, which surveyed >10,000 men from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116588/early-onset-of-sexual-intercourse-and-parental-incarceration-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#11
Von E Nebbitt, Dexter R Voisin, M Taqi Tirmazi
Mass incarceration, substance use, and adolescent early onset of sex (e.g., initiate sexual intercourse at 13 years of age or younger) are social problems with disparate impacts on low-income African American communities. Two out of every five inmates in state and federal prisons are African American and the vast majority of these inmates are from low-income communities. Furthermore, this population experiences more severe consequences of substance use and abuse compared to other populations. In sum, African American youth endure the lion share of problems that mass incarceration and substance use leave in their wake...
February 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109604/genome-wide-mapping-of-10-calving-and-fertility-traits-in-holstein-dairy-cattle-with-special-regard-to-chromosome-18
#12
M-P Müller, S Rothammer, D Seichter, I Russ, D Hinrichs, J Tetens, G Thaller, I Medugorac
Over the last decades, a dramatic decrease in reproductive performance has been observed in Holstein cattle and fertility problems have become the most common reason for a cow to leave the herd. The premature removal of animals with high breeding values results in both economic and breeding losses. For efficient future Holstein breeding, the identification of loci associated with low fertility is of major interest and thus constitutes the aim of this study. To reach this aim, a genome-wide combined linkage disequilibrium and linkage analysis (cLDLA) was conducted using data on the following 10 calving and fertility traits in the form of estimated breeding values: days from first service to conception of heifers and cows, nonreturn rate on d 56 of heifers and cows, days from calving to first insemination, days open, paternal and maternal calving ease, paternal and maternal stillbirth...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103064/divergent-trends-in-us-maternity-and-paternity-leave-1994-2015
#13
Jay L Zagorsky
OBJECTIVES: To determine the number and type of US workers taking maternity or paternity leave. METHODS: We created a publicly available ecological long-term series for measuring parental leave from 1994 to 2015 by using the Current Population Survey, which interviews about 60 000 randomly selected households monthly. RESULTS: The average month from 1994 to 2015 saw 273 000 women and 13 000 men on maternity or paternity leave. Maternity leave rates per 10 000 births showed no trend over 22 years (mean = 677...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077685/working-with-what-you-ve-got-unattractive-males-show-greater-mate-guarding-effort-in-a-duetting-songbird
#14
Jenélle Dowling, Michael S Webster
When mates are limited, individuals should allocate resources to mating tactics that maximize fitness. In species with extra-pair paternity (EPP), males can invest in mate guarding, or, alternatively, in seeking EPP. Males should optimize fitness by adjusting investment according to their attractiveness to females, such that attractive males seek EPP, and unattractive males guard mates. This theory has received little empirical testing, leaving our understanding of the evolution of mating tactics incomplete; it is unclear how a male's relative attractiveness influences his tactics...
January 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027263/pregnancy-and-the-plastic-surgery-resident
#15
Rebecca M Garza, Jane S Weston, Heather J Furnas
BACKGROUND: Combining pregnancy with plastic surgery residency has historically been difficult. Two decades ago, 36 percent of plastic surgery program directors surveyed actively discouraged pregnancy among residents, and 33 percent of women plastic surgeons suffered from infertility. Most alarmingly, 26 percent of plastic surgery trainees had had an elective abortion during residency. With increasing numbers of women training in plastic surgery, this historical lack of support for pregnancy deserves further attention...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006677/the-alienation-of-affection-toward-parents-and-influential-factors-in-chinese-left-behind-children
#16
Q Dai, G Yang, C Hu, L Wang, K Liu, Y Guang, R Zhang, S Xu, B Liu, Y Yang, Z Feng
OBJECTIVE: Although alienation toward parents is important for children (for current mental health status or later interpersonal relationships in adulthood), it is undervalued and even lacks a standardized tool of assessment. Moreover, the large number of left-behind children in China is a cause of public concern. However, their experienced alienation toward their parents remains unclear, which may be important for early detection or intervention for behavioral problems in this population...
January 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900472/tissue-specific-expression-of-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-gene-variants-in-nicotiana-tabacum
#17
Jana Fišerová Jurečková, Eva Sýkorová, Said Hafidh, David Honys, Jiří Fajkus, Miloslava Fojtová
In tobacco, three sequence variants of the TERT gene have been described. We revealed unbalanced levels of TERT variant transcripts in vegetative tobacco tissues and enhanced TERT transcription and telomerase activity in reproductive tissues. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex responsible for the maintenance of telomeres, structures delimiting ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes. In the Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) allotetraploid plant, three sequence variants (paralogs) of the gene coding for the telomerase reverse transcriptase subunit (TERT) have been described, two of them derived from the maternal N...
March 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688812/imprinted-dna-methylation-reconstituted-at-a-non-imprinted-locus
#18
David H Taylor, Chelsea M McLean, Warren L Wu, Alex B Wang, Paul D Soloway
BACKGROUND: In mammals, tight regulation of cytosine methylation is required for embryonic development and cellular differentiation. The trans-acting DNA methyltransferases that catalyze this modification have been identified and characterized; however, these proteins lack sequence specificity, leaving the mechanism of targeting unknown. A cis-acting regulator within the Rasgrf1 imprinting control region (ICR) is necessary for establishment and maintenance of local imprinted methylation...
2016: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654698/a-longitudinal-study-of-fathers-and-young-children-s-depressive-symptoms
#19
Marianne H Tichovolsky, Shayl F Griffith, Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, David H Arnold, Elizabeth A Harvey
Considerable research has examined the effects of maternal depression on children, but few studies have focused on the relation between paternal and child depressive symptoms, particularly during early childhood. Even fewer studies have been longitudinal, leaving open questions about how paternal and child depression covary over time. The present study sought to address this gap by examining the relation between fathers' and children's depressive symptoms over a 3-year period. Participants were 153 preschool children with behavior problems and their parents...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499554/father-s-migration-and-leaving-the-parental-home-in-rural-mozambique
#20
Sophia Chae, Sarah R Hayford, Victor Agadjanian
Migration is an increasingly common demographic phenomenon and has important implications for the well-being of family members left behind. Although extensive research has examined the impact of parental labor migration on school-age children, less is known about its effect on adolescents. In this study, the authors used longitudinal survey data collected in rural Mozambique (N = 515) to assess the association between father's migration and adolescent children's leaving the parental home, an important component of the transition to adulthood...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
keyword
keyword
119349
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"