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Esophagogastric cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226358/-laparoscopic-segmental-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer
#1
Lai Xu, Beizhan Niu, Xiyu Sun, Menghua Dai, Yi Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of segmental pylorus-reservation gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study on clinical data of 6 patients strictly met the criteria of early gastric cancer locating in the middle of the stomach undergoing laparoscopic segmental gastrectomy from January 2014 to April 2016 at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital was carried out. Preoperative clinical staging revealed T1N0M0 for all the cases...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226351/-significance-and-contemplation-of-clinical-diagnosis-and-therapy-on-the-renewal-of-the-eighth-edition-of-gastric-cancer-tnm-staging-system
#2
Hongqing Xi, Kecheng Zhang, Bo Wei, Lin Chen
TNM staging is essential for clinical decision-making and prognostic prediction for patients with gastric cancer. The 7th TNM staging manual was formulated in 2009 and implemented in 2010. However, it was published that there were some deficiencies of the 7th edition of gastric cancer TNM staging system in clinical application process, and this old staging system could not meet the clinical needs. With the cooperation and promotion of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), the International Union for Cancer Control (UICC) and the International Gastric Cancer Association (IGCA), and through the accumulation and analysis of gastric cancer big data, the 8th TNM staging system was published at the end of 2016...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224363/prognostic-significance-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-or-upper-gastric-cancer
#3
Kensuke Kudou, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Nakashima, Keitaro Edahiro, Shotaro Korehisa, Daisuke Taniguchi, Ryosuke Tsutsumi, Sho Nishimura, Yu Nakaji, Shingo Akiyama, Hirotada Tajiri, Ryota Nakanishi, Junji Kurashige, Masahiko Sugiyama, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The association between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes for patients with gastrointestinal malignancies remains controversial. This study aimed to assess the impact of sarcopenia on short- and long-term outcomes after surgery for esophagogastric junction cancer (EGJC) or upper gastric cancer (UGC). METHODS: The study reviewed 148 patients with EGJC or UGC who underwent surgical resection. The patients were categorized into the sarcopenia group or the non-sarcopenia group according to their skeletal muscle index calculated using abdominal computed tomography images...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219214/-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-postsurgical-gastroparesis-syndrome-pgs-after-operation-for-gastric-cancer
#4
D L Liu, X W Zhang, F Q Lyu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors for postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome (PGS) after surgery for stomach cancer. Methods: A total of 684 patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery for stomach cancer from Jan. 1, 2010 to Dec. 31, 2014 in Tai'an Tumor Prevention and Treatment Hospital, including 475 males and 209 females, with an average age of 59.9 years were identified and included in this study. There were 206 cases of gastric cardia and gastric fundus cancers and 478 cases of gastric antrum cancer...
February 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210527/major-oncologic-surgery-at-a-community-hospital
#5
Hollyann Loui, Pouya Benyamini, Gregorio Maldini
There is a national trend to refer patients requiring complex oncologic surgery to tertiary high-volume cancer centers. However, this presents major access challenges to Hawai'i patients seeking care. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that complex oncologic surgery can be safely performed at community hospitals like those in Hawai'i. From July 2007 to December 2014, 136 patients underwent complex oncologic procedures at a community hospital in Hawai'i by a single general surgeon. Cases included esophagogastric, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, rectal, and retroperitoneal resections...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209963/the-impact-of-esophagogastric-varices-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Wei-Yao Hsieh, Ping-Hsien Chen, I-Yen Lin, Chien-Wei Su, Yee- Chao, Teh-Ia Huo, Yi-Hsiang Huang, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin, Jaw-Ching Wu
Whether or not esophagogastric varices (EGV) could determine the outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. A total of 990 treatment-naive HCC patients who received an esophagogastroduodenoscopy at the time of HCC diagnosis were retrospectively enrolled. The factors in terms of prognosis were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards model and propensity score matching analysis. Among the enrolled patients, 480 (48.5%) patients had EGV. Patients with EGV had a significantly lower cumulative 5-year survival rate than those without EGV (24...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207537/lymph-node-dissection-for-siewert-ii-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study-of-3-surgical-procedures
#7
Xiao-Feng Duan, Jie Yue, Peng Tang, Xiao-Bin Shang, Hong-Jing Jiang, Zhen-Tao Yu
The present study was aimed to investigate the application of right thansthoracic Ivor-Lewis (IL), left transthoracic (LTT), and left thoracoabdominal (LTA) approach in Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).The data of 196 patients with Siewert type II AEG received surgical resection in our cancer center between January 2014 and April 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. Finally, 136 patients met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study and divided into the IL (47 cases), LTT (51 cases), and LTA group (38 cases)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168205/role-of-nampt-and-visceral-adiposity-in-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma
#8
Haijun Li, E Bai, Yong Zhang, Zhuoqi Jia, Shicai He, Junke Fu
Nampt including eNampt and iNampt may contribute to mediating obesity-associated cancers. This study investigated the role of Nampt in esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EGA), a cancer strongly correlated with obesity. Visceral adiposity was defined by waist circumference or VFA. eNampt in sera were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. iNampt expression in EGA was determined by PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Sera eNampt were significantly elevated in these overweight and obese patients, especially for viscerally obese patients, and positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, VFA, and also primary tumor, regional lymph nodes, and TNM stage (P < 0...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162209/-interpretation-of-update-on-the-ajcc-esophageal-cancer-staging-system-eighth-edition
#9
Y Yuan, L Q Chen
The recently published AJCC Esophageal Cancer Staging System, 8(th) Edition will be implemented on Januray 1, 2018, which was developed by Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration based on 22 654 esophageal cancer patients from 33 worldwide centers. The definition of T, N, M, G stage and regional lymph nodes were optimized in the 8(th) edition. And the new "2 cm" principle has simplified the definition for the cancer of esophagogastric junction. In addition to pathologic staging, the 8(th) edition also provided clinical staging and pathologic staging after neoadjuvant therapy, making the new esophageal cancer staging system more practicable and reasonable...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133262/-a-case-of-recurrent-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-responding-to-trastuzumab
#10
Yuta Kobayashi, Motohiro Hirao, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Atsushi Miyamoto, Michihiko Miyazaki, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Kiyoshi Mori, Masayuki Mano
We report a case of recurrent esophagogastric junction cancer successfully treated with chemotherapy including trastuzumab. A 66-year-old man reporting black stool was examined, and through upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found to have a tumor at the esophagogastric junction. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of the esophagus with 3-field lymph node dissection was performed. The final diagnosis was adenocarcinoma(tub1-pap-muc), pT3N3M0, pStage III C. The tumor was at the squamo-columnar junction and classified as Siewert type II ...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133205/-a-case-of-successful-multidisciplinary-therapy-for-advanced-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-with-multiple-lymph-node-metastase
#11
Kohei Murakami, Shigeyuki Tamura, Atsushi Takeno, Tomo Ishida, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Yasuki Akiyama, Takuya Sakamoto, Junichi Inatome, Atsushi Naito, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yoshinori Kagawa, Chiyomi Egawa, Yutaka Takeda, Takeshi Kato
A 64-year-old man reporting dysphagia was examined. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a type 3 cancer at the esophagogastric junction. Enhanced CT scan showed several swollen mediastinal and abdominal lymph nodes. We diagnosed the patient with advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction with multiple lymph node metastases(Siewert type II , cT3N2M1[LYM], Stage IV ). After 5 courses of chemotherapy(S-1 plus cisplatin), a significant reduction was observed in the size of the tumor and lymph nodes...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109908/potential-role-of-metronomic-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-and-gastroesophageal-cancer
#12
Vanita Noronha, Vijay M Patil, Amit Joshi, Anuradha Chougule, Shripad Banavali, Kumar Prabhash
Patients with esophagogastric cancer have poor prognoses in spite of the best available therapies. Patients are debilitated and may not tolerate, or may progress, on standard cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. Metronomic chemotherapy is an attractive treatment option due to its very low reported toxicity, modest efficacy, low cost and ease of administration. Capecitabine is the most common drug used in metronomic scheduling; other drugs include cyclophosphamide and paclitaxel. Dosing of capecitabine can range from 1000 mg orally daily for 4 weeks on and 1 week off to a continuous dosing schedule of 1500 mg orally daily...
January 18, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100248/mediastinal-lymph-node-dissection-and-distal-esophagectomy-is-not-essential-in-early-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma
#13
In-Seob Lee, Ji-Yong Ahn, Jeong-Hwan Yook, Byung-Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Optimal extent of surgery remains controversial in types 2 and 3 adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). We aimed to determine whether the extended procedure including mediastinal lymphadenectomy is essential in all patients with AEG by comparing prognosis and recurrence of proximal gastric adenocarcinoma based on total gastrectomy with intra-abdominal lymphadenectomy. METHODS: The clinicopathologic characteristics of 672 patients (type 2: 90, type 3: 211, upper third of the stomach: 371 cases) who underwent curative total gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy between 2003 and 2009 were reviewed...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008574/use-of-tumor-markers-in-gastrointestinal-cancers-surgeon-perceptions-and-cost-benefit-trade-off-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Amish Acharya, Sheraz R Markar, Michael Matar, Melody Ni, George B Hanna
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal cancers constitute the third most common cancers worldwide. Tumor markers have long since been used in the postoperative surveillance of these malignancies; however, the true value in clinical practice remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of three tumor markers in colorectal and esophagogastric cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to elicit the sensitivity, specificity, statistical heterogeneity and ability to predict recurrence and metastases for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 and CA125...
December 22, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999650/subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-after-placement-of-a-self-expanding-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-stenosis
#15
Mohammadreza Seyedmajidi, Maryam Tavassoli, Mojtaba Kianti, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: There have been reports on stent-related vascular erosions about patients with benign or malignant stenosis of the esophagus who received endoscopic stent insertion for palliative intention for oral intake. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman with esophageal cancer located in the middle part of esophagus was treated with esophagectomy. Two years following the surgery, malignant stenosis recurred in the esophagogastric anastomosis. A non-covered self-expanding metal stent (10 cm length with a diameter of 18 mm at expanded state) was inserted...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995482/comparison-of-long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-surgery-for-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma
#16
Eun Jeong Gong, Do Hoon Kim, Ji Yong Ahn, Kee Wook Jung, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Hee Sung Kim, In-Seob Lee, Beom Su Kim, Moon-Won Yoo, Sung Tae Oh, Jeong Hwan Yook, Byung Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become accepted as the standard treatment for early gastric cancer. However, comparative outcomes of ESD and surgery have not been evaluated for adenocarcinoma in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). We investigated the long-term outcomes of ESD compared with those of surgery for adenocarcinoma in the EGJ. METHODS: Patients who underwent ESD or surgery for Siewert type II adenocarcinoma between 2005 and 2010 and who met the absolute and expanded criteria for endoscopic resection were eligible...
December 19, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992300/identification-of-the-lymphatic-drainage-pattern-of-esophageal-cancer-with-near-infrared-fluorescent-imaging
#17
Francisco Schlottmann, Arianna Barbetta, Benedetto Mungo, Anne O Lidor, Daniela Molena
OBJECTIVE: Nodal status is one of the most important long-term prognostic factors for esophageal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of near-infrared (NIR) light fluorescent imaging to identify the lymphatic drainage pattern of esophageal cancer. METHODS: Patients with distal esophageal cancer or esophagogastric junction cancer scheduled for esophagectomy were enrolled in this study. Before surgery, an endoscopy was performed with submucosal injection of 2 cc of indocyanine green (ICG) around the tumor...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924395/the-effect-of-postoperative-complications-on-survival-of-patients-after-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#18
Kun-Kun Li, Yin-Jian Wang, Xue-Hai Liu, Qun-You Tan, Yao-Guang Jiang, Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been shown to be a feasible technique for the treatment of esophageal cancer; however, its postoperative morbidity remains high. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of postoperative complications on long-term outcomes in patients who have undergone MIE for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients who had undergone MIE for ESCC between September 2009 and November 2014; all procedures were performed by a single surgical team...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919514/the-psychological-impact-of-symptoms-related-to-esophagogastric-cancer-resection-presenting-in-primary-care-a-national-linked-database-study
#19
G Bouras, S R Markar, E M Burns, J R Huddy, A Bottle, T Athanasiou, A Darzi, G B Hanna
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate incidence, risk factors and impact of postoperative symptoms following esophagogastric cancer resection in primary care. METHODS: Patients undergoing esophagogastrectomy for cancer from 1998 to 2010 with linked records in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hospital Episodes Statistics and Office of National Statistics databases were studied. The recording of codes for reflux, dysphagia, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, dumping, diarrhea, steatorrhea, appetite loss, weight loss, pain and fatigue were identified up to 12 months postoperatively...
February 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905172/recommendations-for-pathologic-staging-ptnm-of-cancer-of-the-esophagus-and-esophagogastric-junction-for-the-8th-edition-ajcc-uicc-staging-manuals
#20
T W Rice, H Ishwaran, W L Hofstetter, D P Kelsen, C Apperson-Hansen, E H Blackstone
We report analytic and consensus processes that produced recommendations for pathologic stage groups (pTNM) of esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer for the AJCC/UICC cancer staging manuals, 8th edition. The Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration provided data for 22,654 patients with epithelial esophageal cancers; 13,300 without preoperative therapy had pathologic assessment after esophagectomy or endoscopic treatment. Risk-adjusted survival for each patient was developed using random survival forest analysis to identify data-driven pathologic stage groups wherein survival decreased monotonically with increasing group, was distinctive between groups, and homogeneous within groups...
November 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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