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Resveratrol and cancer

Elzbieta Pawlowska, Joanna Szczepanska, Magdalena Szatkowska, Janusz Blasiak
Autophagy, cellular senescence, programmed cell death and necrosis are key responses of a cell facing a stress. These effects are partly interconnected, but regulation of their mutual interactions is not completely clear. That regulation seems to be especially important in cancer cells, which have their own program of development and demand more nutrition and energy than normal cells. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) belongs to the most aggressive and most difficult to cure cancers, so studies on its pathogenesis and new therapeutic strategies are justified...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yu-Tang Chin, Po-Li Wei, Yih Ho, André Wendindondé Nana, Chun A Changou, Yi-Ru Chen, Yu-Chen Sh Yang, Meng-Ti Hsieh, Aleck Hercbergs, Paul J Davis, Ya-Jung Shih, Hung-Yun Lin
Thyroid hormone as L-thyroxine (T4 ), has been shown to promote ovarian cancer cell proliferation via a receptor on plasma membrane integrin αvβ3 to induce the activation of ERK1/2 and expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in cancer cells. In contrast, resveratrol binds to integrin αvβ3 at a discrete site and induces p53-dependent antiproliferation in malignant neoplastic cells. The mechanism of resveratrol action requires nuclear accumulation of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and its complexation with phosphorylated ERK1/2...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Katarzyna Mieszala, Malgorzata Rudewicz, Agnieszka Gomulkiewicz, Katarzyna Ratajczak-Wielgomas, Jedrzej Grzegrzolka, Piotr Dziegiel, Sylwia Borska
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a notable problem in the use of chemotherapy. Therefore, studies aimed at identifying substances capable of overcoming resistance of cancer cells are required. Examples of these compounds are polyphenols, including resveratrol, that exert a range of various biological activities. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the effect of 3,5,4'-trihydroxy- trans -stilbene (resveratrol) on the expression of ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1, Annexin A1 ( ANXA1 ) and thioredoxin ( TXN ) genes, and the proteins encoded by these genes, which are associated with MDR...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
T Kiskova, V Demeckova, Z Jendzelovska, M Kiktava, K Venglovska, M Bohmdorfer, W Jager, T Thalhammer
Resveratrol (RES) is well known natural polyphenol with proven antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. Since mode of application may be important for cancer-preventive effects of RES, the aim of this study was to evaluate a possible delay in the initiation and progression of chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in female Sprague-Dawley rats after the nocturnal administration of RES. Application of a high dose of RES (100 mg/kg body weight), starting 2 weeks before the first N-methyl-N-nitrosourea dose (NMU) (50 mg/kg body weight), reduced tumor incidence and markedly prolonged latency period (P < 0...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Behjat Javadi
Cancer is the second leading cause of death with profound socio-economic consequences worldwide. Growing evidence suggests the crucial role of diet on cancer prevention and treatment. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) there is a major focus on contribution of special diet and foods to cancer management. In the present article, the cytotoxic and antitumor activities of several food items including plants and animal products recommended by TPM as anticancer agents are discussed. Strong evidence supports the anticancer effects of beetroot (Beta vulgris) and its major compound betanin, cinnamon and cinnamaldehyde, barley (H...
March 15, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Guang Ren, Agnes M Rimando, Suresh T Mathews
Pterostilbene, a bioactive component of blueberries and grapes, shows structural similarity to resveratrol, and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, hypoglycemic, and cholesterol lowering effects. Recent evidence indicates that pterostilbene is an agonist of the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α). Since PPAR-α agonists induce peroxisomal proliferation and fatty acid oxidation, we examined gene expression of acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1)...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Aditi Jhaveri, Pranali Deshpande, Bhushan Pattni, Vladimir Torchilin
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are highly aggressive brain tumors with a very grim prognosis even after multi-modal therapeutic regimens. Conventional chemotherapeutic agents frequently lead to drug resistance and result in severe toxicities to non-cancerous tissues. Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol with pleiotropic health benefits, has proven chemopreventive effects in all the stages of cancer including initiation, promotion and progression. However the poor physico-chemical properties of RES severely limit its use as a free drug...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Bolanle C Akinwumi, Kimberly-Ann M Bordun, Hope D Anderson
Stilbenoids are a group of naturally occurring phenolic compounds found in various plant species. They share a common backbone structure known as stilbene, but differ in the nature and position of substituents. Stilbenoids are classified as phytoalexins, which are antimicrobial compounds produced de novo in plants to protect against fungal infection and toxins. In this review, the biological effects of stilbenoids such as resveratrol, pterostilbene, gnetol and piceatannol are discussed. Stilbenoids exert various biological activities ranging from cardioprotection, neuroprotection, anti-diabetic properties, depigmentation, anti-inflammation, cancer prevention and treatment...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ewa Dybkowska, Anna Sadowska, Franciszek Świderski, Rita Rakowska, Katarzyna Wysocka
Over recent years, there has been increasing interest noted in those active substances derived from plants that show potential for preventing cancer development. The most promising candidate is resveratrol which can be found in large amounts in the skin of grapes, tomatoes and in red wine. Its beneficial effects on the human body are seen both in prevention and therapy. The anti-carcinogenic action of resveratrol is linked with its ability to neutralise reactive oxygen species and to modulate cellular processes such as apoptosis, and both cancerous cell proliferation and differentiation...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Hui-Ping Chang, Chi-Cheng Lu, Jo-Hua Chiang, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Yu-Ning Juan, Je-Wei Tsao, Hong-Yi Chiu, Jai-Sing Yang
Pterostilbene is a natural polyphenolic compound that is primarily found in fruits, such as blueberries and has a similar structure to resveratrol. Pterostilbene exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity but the effects of pterostilbene on drug-resistant oral cancer cells and its underlying mechanisms of action have not yet been explored. Therefore, the present study was performed to clarify the anticancer effects of pterostilbene on cisplatin-resistant human oral cancer CAR cells. The results demonstrated that CAR cells exhibited marked shrinkage, cell membrane breakage and autophagic vacuole formation following treatment with pterostilbene...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Li-Xia Zhong, Jun-Hua Nie, Jia Liu, Li-Zhu Lin
BACKGROUND: Aplysia ras homology member I/ARHI is known as ovarian cancer suppressor gene and potential inhibitor of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3/STAT3 signaling. Resveratrol suppresses growth and STAT3 activation of ovarian cancer cells, while its influence in ARHI expression remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to elucidate the status of ARHI expression and its relevance with growth suppression and STAT3 inactivation of resveratrol-treated cells...
February 9, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Matheus de Freitas Silva, Letícia Ferreira Coelho, Isadora Mitestainer Guirelli, Rodrigo Machado Pereira, Guilherme Álvaro Ferreira da Silva, Graciana Y Graravelli, Renato de Oliveira Horvath, Ester Siqueira Caixeta Nogueira, Marisa Ionta, Claudio Viegas
Curcumin (1) and resveratrol (2) are bioactive natural compounds that display wide pharmacological properties, including antitumor activity. However, their clinical application has been limited due to their low solubility and bioavailability. Nevertheless, independent studies have considered these compounds as interesting prototypes for developing new chemical structures useful for anticancer therapy. Here in, we report the synthesis of novel curcumin-like hydrazide analogues (3a and 3b), and a series of curcumin-resveratrol hybrid compounds (4a-f), and the evaluation of their cytotoxic potential on three tumor cell lines MCF-7 (breast), A549 (lung), and HepG2 (liver)...
March 1, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Yuyang Sun, Anne Schaar, Pramod Sukumaran, Archana Dhasarathy, Brij B Singh
Growth factors, such as the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), play an important role in promoting metastasis of prostate cancer, thus understanding how TGFβ could induce prostate cancer cell migration may enable us to develop targeted strategies for advanced metastatic prostate cancer. To more clearly define the mechanism(s) involved in prostate cancer cell migration, we undertook a series of studies utilizing non-malignant prostate epithelial cells RWPE1 and prostate cancer DU145 and PC3 cells. Our studies show that increased cell migration was observed in prostate cancer cells, which was mediated through epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
March 3, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Xu Zheng, Bin Jia, Xue Song, Qing-You Kong, Mo-Li Wu, Ze-Wen Qiu, Hong Li, Jia Liu
Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy without reliable preventive agent. Resveratrol possesses in vitro anti-TC activities; while its effect(s) on thyroid tumorigenesis remains unknown. This study aims to address this issue using DEN/MNU/DHPN-induced rat carcinogenesis model. 50 male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into four groups as Group-1 (5 rats); normally fed; Group-2 (15 rats); DEN/MNU/DHPN treatment only; Group-3 (15 rats) and -4 (15 rats); DEN/MNU/DHPN treatment; followed by resveratrol intragastric (IG) injection and intraperitoneal (IP) injection; respectively; in two-day intervals for 30 weeks...
February 28, 2018: Nutrients
Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Sumbul Khalid, Aamir Ahmad
Genomic and proteomic studies have helped improve our understanding of the underlying mechanism(s) of cancer development and progression. Mutations, overexpressed oncogenes, inactivated/downregulated tumor suppressors, loss of apoptosis, and dysregulated signal transduction cascades are some of the well-studied areas of research. Resveratrol has gained considerable attention in the last two decades because of its pleiotropic anticancer activities. In this review, we have summarized the regulation of WNT, SHH (sonic hedgehog)/GLI (glioma-associated oncogene homolog), TGFβ1 (transforming growth factor beta 1)/SMAD, NOTCH, TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand), STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription), and microRNAs by resveratrol in different cancers...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dominika Mániková, Zuzana Šestáková, Jana Rendeková, Danuša Vlasáková, Patrícia Lukáčová, Edgars Paegle, Pavel Arsenyan, Miroslav Chovanec
Resveratrol is a natural (poly)phenol primarily found in plants protecting them against pathogens, as well as harmful effects of physical and chemical agents. In higher eukaryotic cells and organisms, this compound displays a remarkable range of biological activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-aging, cardio- and neuro-protective properties. Here, biological activities of synthetic selenium-containing derivatives of resveratrol-benzo[ b ]selenophenes-have been studied in lower eukaryotes Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...
February 24, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kaushiki Chatterjee, Dina AlSharif, Christina Mazza, Palwasha Syar, Mohamed Al Sharif, Jimmie E Fata
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women living in developing countries. Due to a lack of affordable effective therapy, research into alternative anticancer compounds with low toxicity such as dietary polyphenols has continued. Our aim is to determine whether two structurally similar plant polyphenols, resveratrol and pterostilbene, exhibit anticancer and anti-HPV (Human papillomavirus) activity against cervical cancer cells. To determine anticancer activity, extensive in vitro analyses were performed...
February 21, 2018: Nutrients
Jinyoung Suh, Do-Hee Kim, Young-Joon Surh
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) constitute a major compartment of the tumor microenvironment. CAFs produce a variety of cytokines, growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins, thereby stimulating tumor progression. CAFs are distinct from normal fibroblasts for their overexpression of α-smooth muscle actin. Recent studies suggest that CAFs play an important role in proliferation and migration of cancer cells through cross-talk with them. Resveratrol (trans-3,4'5,-trihydroxystilbene), a phytoalexin present in grapes, has been reported to possess chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activities...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Lukasz Huminieck, Jarosław Horbańczuk
Resveratrol has anti-cancer effects in vitro, and hypothetical chemopreventive effects in vivo. Effects are pleiotropic, mediated by changes in expression of many genes and epigenetic reprogramming. Thus, they are well suited for functional genomic studies. We carried out systematic review of such studies (reflecting also on technological progress). Differentially expressed genes commonly linked to resveratrol treatment were linked to cell cycle, proliferation, and apoptosis. However, it is unclear if these are primary and specific targets of resveratrol...
February 21, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Filiz Özdemir, Elif Apaydın, Nur İpek Önder, Mesut Şen, Aysun Ayrım, Yüksel Öğünç, Zerrin İncesu
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common and lethal forms of primary brain tumors in human adults. Treatment options are limited, and in most cases ineffective. Natural products are sources of novel compounds endowed with therapeutic properties in many human diseases like cancer. ε-viniferin is a resveratrol dimer and well known for having antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on cancer cells. Cisplatin is a platinum containing anti-cancer drug. In this study, we aimed to investigate antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of using cis-platin and ε-viniferin alone or in combined treatment of C6 cells...
February 23, 2018: Cytotechnology
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