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Dairy and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326003/effects-of-organic-food-consumption-on-human-health-the-jury-is-still-out
#1
Marcin Barański, Leonidas Rempelos, Per Ole Iversen, Carlo Leifert
The most recent systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses have indicated significant and nutritionally-relevant composition differences between organic and conventional foods. This included higher antioxidant, but lower cadmium and pesticide levels in organic crops, and higher omega-3 fatty acids concentrations in organic meat and dairy products. Also, results from a small number of human cohort studies indicate that there are positive associations between organic food consumption and reduced risk/incidence of certain acute diseases (e...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277304/low-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-in-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#2
Fabiën Belle, Laura Wengenroth, Annette Weiss, Grit Sommer, Maja Beck Popovic, Marc Ansari, Murielle Bochud, Claudia Kuehni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Poor diet may increase the risk that childhood cancer survivors (CCS) will suffer from chronic disease. We compared adherence to national dietary recommendations between CCS, their siblings and the Swiss population, identified determinants of adherence, and assessed the association of adherence with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles. METHODS: As part of the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (SCCSS), a questionnaire was sent to all Swiss resident CCS aged <21 years at diagnosis, who survived ≥5 years and were 16-45 years old at the time of the survey...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264695/the-feasibility-of-the-prostate-cancer-evidence-of-exercise-and-nutrition-trial-prevent-dietary-and-physical-activity-modifications-a-qualitative-study
#3
Ellie Shingler, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Luke Robles, Raj Persad, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Constance Shiridzinomwa, Amit Bahl, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that low levels of physical activity and diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat and dairy products are risk factors for prostate cancer disease progression. The Prostate cancer: Evidence of Exercise and Nutrition Trial (PrEvENT) aimed to assess a diet and physical activity intervention in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. The trial included a qualitative component to explore the experiences of men participating in the trial in order to understand the acceptability of the intervention and data collection methods...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247859/identification-of-major-dietary-patterns-in-korean-adults-and-their-association-with-cancer-risk-in-the-cancer-screening-examination-cohort
#4
G-A Wie, Y-A Cho, H-H Kang, K A Ryu, M-K Yoo, J Kim, S Shin, O K Chun, H Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cancer is the primary cause of disease-related death in Korea. The purposes of this study were to confirm the major dietary patterns and to evaluate whether there were associations between these identified dietary patterns and the risk of cancer based on data from the Cancer Screening Examination Cohort (CSEC) 2004-2008 of the National Cancer Center (NCC) of Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 8 024 subjects who completed a written survey on demographics and lifestyles, as well as a 3-day dietary record...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244698/development-of-a-self-assessment-score-for-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-non-obese-korean-adults
#5
Youjin Je, Youngyo Kim, Taeyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a need for simple risk scores that identify individuals at high risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, this study was performed to develop and validate a self-assessment score for MetS risk in non-obese Korean adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data from the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV), 2007-2009 were used to develop a MetS risk score. We included a total of 5,508 non-obese participants aged 19-64 years who were free of a self-reported diagnosis of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, stroke, angina, or cancer...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187509/dairy-intake-in-relation-to-prostate-cancer-survival
#6
Mary K Downer, Julie L Batista, Lorelei A Mucci, Meir J Stampfer, Mara Meyer Epstein, Niclas Håkansson, Alicja Wolk, Jan-Erik Johansson, Ove Andrén, Katja Fall, Sven-Olof Andersson
Dairy intake has been associated with increased risk of advanced prostate cancer. Two US cohort studies reported increased prostate cancer-specific mortality with increased high-fat milk intake. We examined whether dairy and related nutrient intake were associated with prostate cancer progression in a Swedish patient population with high dairy consumption. We prospectively followed 525 men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (diagnosed 1989-1994). We identified and confirmed deaths through February 2011 (n = 222 prostate cancer-specific, n = 268 from other causes)...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165394/socio-demographic-determinants-of-diet-quality-in-australian-adults-using-the-validated-healthy-eating-index-for-australian-adults-heifa-2013
#7
Amanda Grech, Zhixian Sui, Hong Ying Siu, Miaobing Zheng, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Anna Rangan
Diet quality indices have been shown to predict cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, obesity and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographics of Australian adults with poor diet quality. Diet quality was assessed for participants of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 18 years or above (n = 9435), with the validated 11-component Healthy Eating Index for Australians (HEIFA-2013), based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Differences in scores by demographics (ANOVA) and regression models for associations between the HEIFA-2013 score and demographic characteristics were conducted...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155006/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-nasopharyngeal-cancer-risk-in-italy
#8
Federica Turati, Francesca Bravi, Jerry Polesel, Cristina Bosetti, Eva Negri, Werner Garavello, Martina Taborelli, Diego Serraino, Massimo Libra, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Monica Ferraroni, Carlo La Vecchia
PURPOSE: Few studies investigated the role of diet on nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) risk in non-endemic areas. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet and NPC risk in a southern European low-risk population. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Italy, including 198 histologically confirmed NPC cases and 594 matched controls. Dietary habits were collected by means of a validated food-frequency questionnaire, including 83 foods, food groups, or beverages...
February 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#9
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009432/genetic-polymorphisms-of-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-cyp27b1-and-cyp24a1-genes-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#10
Verônica Marques Vidigal, Tiago Donizetti Silva, Juliana de Oliveira, Célia Aparecida Marques Pimenta, Aledson Vitor Felipe, Nora Manoukian Forones
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and proteins encoded by the genes CYP27B2 and CYP24A1 involved in the production and inactivation of vitamin D can influence vitamin D and the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the risk of CRC and polymorphisms in VDR, CYP27B1 and CYP24A1, lifestyle and dietary habits. METHODS: The study included 152 patients with CRC and 321 controls. All participants answered a questionnaire on their dietary habits, alcohol consumption and smoking habits...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997546/the-eatwell-guide-modelling-the-health-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#11
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVE: To model population health impacts of dietary changes associated with the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (the 'Eatwell Guide'). METHOD: Using multi-state lifetable methods, we modelled the impact of dietary changes on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers over the lifetime of the current UK population. From this model, we determined change in life expectancy and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) that could be averted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982091/a-detergent-based-procedure-for-the-preparation-of-igg-like-bispecific-antibodies-in-high-yield
#12
Jyoti Gupta, Mehboob Hoque, Masihuz Zaman, Rizwan Hasan Khan, M Saleemuddin
Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs), with the ability to recognize two different epitopes simultaneously, offer remarkable advantages in bioassays, cancer therapy, biosensors, and enzyme electrodes. Preparation and purification of BsAbs in adequate quantities remains a major hurdle in their use in various applications. Poor yield is also the principal limitation in the preparation of BsAbs by the redox procedure. IgG with reduced inter-heavy chain disulfides do not dissociate into half molecules at neutral pH. In this study, we report that the dissociation occurs in presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and inclusion of the detergent during the redox procedure results in remarkable increase in the formation of the BsAbs...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975054/diet-lifestyles-family-history-and-prostate-cancer-incidence-in-an-east-algerian-patient-group
#13
Somia Lassed, Cláudia M Deus, Nuno Lourenço, Abderrezak Dahdouh, Albert A Rizvanov, Paulo J Oliveira, Djamila Zama
Prostate cancer (PC) is the fourth most common cancer in men and the sixth leading cause of death in Algeria. To examine the relationship between lifestyle factors, including diet, and family history and PC risk, a case-control study was performed in an eastern Algerian population, comprising 90 patients with histologically confirmed PC and 190 controls. Data collection was carried out through a structured questionnaire and statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the different variables. The data showed that consumption of lamb and beef meat and high intake of animal fat and dairy products increased PC risk...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974606/dairy-food-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-risk-of-hypertension-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#14
Mohammad Talaei, An Pan, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence from Western populations suggests that dairy food intake may reduce the risk of hypertension, probably through its calcium content. However, there are no epidemiological studies among Asian populations with generally lower dairy and calcium consumption. OBJECTIVE: The relation between dairy or calcium intake and risk of hypertension was evaluated in a Chinese population in Singapore. METHODS: The analysis included 37,124 Chinese men and women aged 45-74 y who participated in the Singapore Chinese Health Study in 1993-1998...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939550/invited-review-microbe-mediated-aflatoxin-decontamination-of-dairy-products-and-feeds
#15
Sejeong Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Soomin Lee, Jeeyeon Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Yukyung Choi, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Aspergillus nomius contaminate corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, tree nuts, figs, ginger, nutmeg, and milk. They produce aflatoxins, especially aflatoxin B1, which is classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Many studies have focused on aflatoxin removal from food or feed, especially via microbe-mediated mechanisms-either adsorption or degradation. Of the lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG efficiently binds aflatoxin B1, and a peptidoglycan in the bacterium cell wall plays an important role...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765039/dairy-products-intake-and-cancer-mortality-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-11-population-based-cohort-studies
#17
Wei Lu, Hanwen Chen, Yuequn Niu, Han Wu, Dajing Xia, Yihua Wu
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are major components of daily diet and the association between consumption of dairy products and public health issues has captured great attention. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between dairy products intake and cancer mortality risk. METHODS: After a literature search in PubMed and EMBASE, 11 population-based cohort studies involving 778,929 individuals were considered eligible and included in the analyses...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677361/prostate-cancer-risk-related-to-foods-food-groups-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-derived-from-the-uk-dietary-cohort-consortium-food-diaries
#18
J A Lane, S E Oliver, P N Appleby, M A H Lentjes, P Emmett, D Kuh, A Stephen, E J Brunner, M J Shipley, F C Hamdy, D E Neal, J L Donovan, K-T Khaw, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The influence of dietary factors remains controversial for screen-detected prostate cancer and inconclusive for clinically detected disease. We aimed to examine these associations using prospectively collected food diaries. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1,717 prostate cancer cases in middle-aged and older UK men were pooled from four prospective cohorts with clinically detected disease (n=663), with routine data follow-up (means 6.6-13.3 years) and a case-control study with screen-detected disease (n=1054), nested in a randomised trial of prostate cancer treatments (ISCTRN 20141297)...
February 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636835/systematic-evaluation-on-the-effectiveness-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-in-human-health
#19
REVIEW
Gitane Fuke, José Laerte Nornberg
The term CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) corresponds to a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. Two of these isomers (9c, 11t and 10t, 12c) have biological activity. The milk and dairy products are the most abundant source of conjugated linoleic acid, which refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers of CLA (CLA 18:2 cis-9, cis-12). The following research aims to approach aspects regarding the CLA, as well as its relationship with diseases. Conjugated linoleic acids have been studied for their beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, including obesity, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632371/dairy-calcium-vitamin-d-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#20
Bo Qin, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
BACKGROUND: No previous study has evaluated the associations of dairy products, lactose, calcium and vitamin D with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease, as well as to be at risk for calcium and vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: We evaluated these associations among 490 ovarian cancer cases and 656 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited into the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study in 11 geographical areas in the US...
October 25, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
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