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Dairy and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#1
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009432/genetic-polymorphisms-of-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-cyp27b1-and-cyp24a1-genes-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#2
Verônica Marques Vidigal, Tiago Donizetti Silva, Juliana de Oliveira, Célia Aparecida Marques Pimenta, Aledson Vitor Felipe, Nora Manoukian Forones
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and proteins encoded by the genes CYP27B2 and CYP24A1 involved in the production and inactivation of vitamin D can influence vitamin D and the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the risk of CRC and polymorphisms in VDR, CYP27B1 and CYP24A1, lifestyle and dietary habits. METHODS: The study included 152 patients with CRC and 321 controls. All participants answered a questionnaire on their dietary habits, alcohol consumption and smoking habits...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997546/the-eatwell-guide-modelling-the-health-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#3
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVE: To model population health impacts of dietary changes associated with the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (the 'Eatwell Guide'). METHOD: Using multi-state lifetable methods, we modelled the impact of dietary changes on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers over the lifetime of the current UK population. From this model, we determined change in life expectancy and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) that could be averted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982091/a-detergent-based-procedure-for-the-preparation-of-igg-like-bispecific-antibodies-in-high-yield
#4
Jyoti Gupta, Mehboob Hoque, Masihuz Zaman, Rizwan Hasan Khan, M Saleemuddin
Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs), with the ability to recognize two different epitopes simultaneously, offer remarkable advantages in bioassays, cancer therapy, biosensors, and enzyme electrodes. Preparation and purification of BsAbs in adequate quantities remains a major hurdle in their use in various applications. Poor yield is also the principal limitation in the preparation of BsAbs by the redox procedure. IgG with reduced inter-heavy chain disulfides do not dissociate into half molecules at neutral pH. In this study, we report that the dissociation occurs in presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and inclusion of the detergent during the redox procedure results in remarkable increase in the formation of the BsAbs...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975054/diet-lifestyles-family-history-and-prostate-cancer-incidence-in-an-east-algerian-patient-group
#5
Somia Lassed, Cláudia M Deus, Nuno Lourenço, Abderrezak Dahdouh, Albert A Rizvanov, Paulo J Oliveira, Djamila Zama
Prostate cancer (PC) is the fourth most common cancer in men and the sixth leading cause of death in Algeria. To examine the relationship between lifestyle factors, including diet, and family history and PC risk, a case-control study was performed in an eastern Algerian population, comprising 90 patients with histologically confirmed PC and 190 controls. Data collection was carried out through a structured questionnaire and statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the different variables. The data showed that consumption of lamb and beef meat and high intake of animal fat and dairy products increased PC risk...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974606/dairy-food-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-risk-of-hypertension-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#6
Mohammad Talaei, An Pan, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence from Western populations suggests that dairy food intake may reduce the risk of hypertension, probably through its calcium content. However, there are no epidemiological studies among Asian populations with generally lower dairy and calcium consumption. OBJECTIVE: The relation between dairy or calcium intake and risk of hypertension was evaluated in a Chinese population in Singapore. METHODS: The analysis included 37,124 Chinese men and women aged 45-74 y who participated in the Singapore Chinese Health Study in 1993-1998...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939550/invited-review-microbe-mediated-aflatoxin-decontamination-of-dairy-products-and-feeds
#7
Sejeong Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Soomin Lee, Jeeyeon Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Yukyung Choi, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Aspergillus nomius contaminate corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, tree nuts, figs, ginger, nutmeg, and milk. They produce aflatoxins, especially aflatoxin B1, which is classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Many studies have focused on aflatoxin removal from food or feed, especially via microbe-mediated mechanisms-either adsorption or degradation. Of the lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG efficiently binds aflatoxin B1, and a peptidoglycan in the bacterium cell wall plays an important role...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765039/dairy-products-intake-and-cancer-mortality-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-11-population-based-cohort-studies
#9
Wei Lu, Hanwen Chen, Yuequn Niu, Han Wu, Dajing Xia, Yihua Wu
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are major components of daily diet and the association between consumption of dairy products and public health issues has captured great attention. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between dairy products intake and cancer mortality risk. METHODS: After a literature search in PubMed and EMBASE, 11 population-based cohort studies involving 778,929 individuals were considered eligible and included in the analyses...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677361/prostate-cancer-risk-related-to-foods-food-groups-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-derived-from-the-uk-dietary-cohort-consortium-food-diaries
#10
J A Lane, S E Oliver, P N Appleby, M A H Lentjes, P Emmett, D Kuh, A Stephen, E J Brunner, M J Shipley, F C Hamdy, D E Neal, J L Donovan, K-T Khaw, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The influence of dietary factors remains controversial for screen-detected prostate cancer and inconclusive for clinically detected disease. We aimed to examine these associations using prospectively collected food diaries. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1,717 prostate cancer cases in middle-aged and older UK men were pooled from four prospective cohorts with clinically detected disease (n=663), with routine data follow-up (means 6.6-13.3 years) and a case-control study with screen-detected disease (n=1054), nested in a randomised trial of prostate cancer treatments (ISCTRN 20141297)...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636835/systematic-evaluation-on-the-effectiveness-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-in-human-health
#11
Gitane Fuke, José Laerte Nornberg
The term CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) corresponds to a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. Two of these isomers (9c, 11t and 10t, 12c) have biological activity. The milk and dairy products are the most abundant source of conjugated linoleic acid, which refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers of CLA (CLA 18:2 cis-9, cis-12). The following research aims to approach aspects regarding the CLA, as well as its relationship with diseases. Conjugated linoleic acids have been studied for their beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, including obesity, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632371/dairy-calcium-vitamin-d-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#12
Bo Qin, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
BACKGROUND: No previous study has evaluated the associations of dairy products, lactose, calcium and vitamin D with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease, as well as to be at risk for calcium and vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: We evaluated these associations among 490 ovarian cancer cases and 656 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited into the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study in 11 geographical areas in the US...
October 25, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623947/investigation-of-gene-diet-interactions-in-the-incretin-system-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-epic-interact-study
#13
(no author information available yet)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The gut incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) have a major role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Specific genetic and dietary factors have been found to influence the release and action of incretins. We examined the effect of interactions between seven incretin-related genetic variants in GIPR, KCNQ1, TCF7L2 and WFS1 and dietary components (whey-containing dairy, cereal fibre, coffee and olive oil) on the risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct study...
September 13, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557384/the-role-of-diet-in-cancer-the-epidemiologic-link
#14
Magdalena Stepien, Veronique Chajes, Isabelle Romieu
Diet is an important modifiable risk factor for cancer. Adequate diet modification may play a key role in reducing the incidence of some cancers. A growing body of epidemiological evidence suggested links of some nutritional exposures with individual cancers. This review updates and summarises the existing data on diet related factors for cancer prevention, evaluated in 2007 by World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research and identifies the areas where more research is needed. Mechanisms of action of nutrients are discussed...
April 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548217/evidence-to-support-the-anti-cancer-effect-of-olive-leaf-extract-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
Anna Boss, Karen S Bishop, Gareth Marlow, Matthew P G Barnett, Lynnette R Ferguson
The traditional Mediterranean diet (MD) is associated with long life and lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cancers. The main components of this diet include high intake of fruit, vegetables, red wine, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and fish, low intake of dairy and red meat. Olive oil has gained support as a key effector of health benefits and there is evidence that this relates to the polyphenol content. Olive leaf extract (OLE) contains a higher quantity and variety of polyphenols than those found in EVOO...
August 19, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500135/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-style-diet-and-effects-on-cognition-in-adults-a-qualitative-evaluation-and-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-and-prospective-trials
#16
REVIEW
Roy J Hardman, Greg Kennedy, Helen Macpherson, Andrew B Scholey, Andrew Pipingas
The Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) involves substantial intake of fruits, vegetables, and fish, and a lower consumption of dairy, red meat, and sugars. Over the past 15 years, much empirical evidence supports the suggestion that a MedDiet may be beneficial with respect to reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, and dementia. A number of cross-sectional studies that have examined the impact of MedDiet on cognition have yielded largely positive results. The objective of this review is to evaluate longitudinal and prospective trials to gain an understanding of how a MedDiet may impact cognitive processes over time...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476060/determination-of-lactic-acid-with-special-emphasis-on-biosensing-methods-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Chandra S Pundir, Vinay Narwal, Bhawna Batra
Lactic acid (2-Hydroxypropanoic acid) is generated from pyruvic acid under anaerobic condition in skeletal muscles, brain, red blood cells, and kidney. Lactate in normal human subjects get cleared very quickly at a rate of 320mmol/L/hr, mostly by liver metabolism and re-conversion of lactate back to pyruvate. Measurement of lactate level in serum is required for the differential diagnosis and medical management of hyperlactatemia, cardiac arrest and resuscitation, sepsis, reduced renal excretion, hypoxia induced cancer, decreased extra hepatic metabolism, intestinal infarction and lactic acidosis...
December 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466215/calcium-intake-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-results-from-the-nurses-health-study-and-health-professionals-follow-up-study
#18
Xuehong Zhang, NaNa Keum, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T Chan, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci
The relationship between calcium intake and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk remains inconclusive. We conducted this study to evaluate whether the association between calcium intake and CRC risk differs by anatomic subsite and determine the dose-response relationship for this association, as well as assess when in carcinogenesis calcium may play a role. We assessed calcium intake every 4 years and followed 88,509 women (1980-2012) in the Nurses' Health Study and 47,740 men (1986-2012) in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460907/food-groups-and-risk-of-chronic-disease-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#19
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Angela Bechthold, Khalid Iqbal, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of systematic and comprehensive evaluations whether food intakes lower or increase risk of chronic diseases. In this network meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, we aim to evaluate the effects of different foods on risk of chronic diseases. METHODS/DESIGN: We will search PubMed and EMBASE. This will be supplemented by a hand search and author contacts. Citations, abstracts, and relevant papers will be screened for eligibility by two reviewers independently...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456307/dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain
#20
Dayeon Shin, Kyung Won Lee, Won O Song
Objective The role of diet during pregnancy on gestational weight gain is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the hypothesis that dietary patterns during pregnancy are differentially associated with the adequacy of gestational weight gain at different stages of pregnancy. Methods A total of 391 pregnant women in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006 were included. Dietary intake was obtained using a National Cancer Institute's food-frequency questionnaire. Results Three dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis with 36 food groups among pregnant women, and they were named according to food group factor loadings: 'mixed', 'healthy', and 'western'...
July 25, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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