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Heart failure management women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781417/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-marital-status-and-hypertension-in-ghana
#1
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Harold Ayetey
SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored the relationship between marital status and hypertension among women and men in Ghana...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776959/symptom-burden-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-its-relation-to-interventions-and-outcome-in-europe
#2
Renate B Schnabel, Ladislav Pecen, Nargiz Rzayeva, Markus Lucerna, Yanish Purmah, Francisco M Ojeda, Raffaele De Caterina, Paulus Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of atrial fibrillation symptom burden with quality of life and outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events-European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation (n=6196 patients with atrial fibrillation; mean±SD age, 71.8±10.4 years; 39.7% women), we assessed European Heart Rhythm Association score symptoms and calculated correlations with the standardized health status questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765443/management-of-cardiac-hemochromatosis
#3
Wilbert S Aronow
Iron-overload syndromes may be hereditary or acquired. Patients may be asymptomatic early in the disease. Once heart failure develops, there is rapid deterioration. Cardiac hemochromatosis is characterized by a dilated cardiomyopathy with dilated ventricles, reduced ejection fraction, and reduced fractional shortening. Deposition of iron may occur in the entire cardiac conduction system, especially the atrioventricular node. Cardiac hemochromatosis should be considered in any patient with unexplained heart failure...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755033/impact-of-a-history-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy-on-later-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Dawn C Scantlebury, Andrea G Kattah, Tracey L Weissgerber, Sanket Agarwal, Michelle M Mielke, Amy L Weaver, Lisa E Vaughan, Stanislav Henkin, Katherine Zimmerman, Virginia M Miller, Wendy M White, Sharonne N Hayes, Vesna D Garovic
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) produces significant morbidity in women and is typically attributed to cardiac remodeling from multiple causes, particularly hypertension. Hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPDs) are associated with future hypertension and adverse cardiac remodeling. We evaluated whether women with AF were more likely to have experienced a HPD compared with those without. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nested case-control study was conducted within a cohort of 7566 women who had a live or stillbirth delivery in Olmsted County, Minnesota between 1976 and 1982...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752389/pregnancy-in-women-with-a-fontan-circulation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Alvaro Garcia Ropero, Shankar Baskar, Jolien W Roos Hesselink, Andrea Girnius, Dominica Zentner, Lorna Swan, Magalie Ladouceur, Nicole Brown, Gruschen R Veldtman
BACKGROUND: The Fontan operation has provided life-saving palliation and adult survival for individuals born with single ventricle physiology. Many now seek advice about safe pregnancy. Little data are, however, available, consisting mainly of anecdotal experience and small series. This article seeks to review the published literature and identify lessons learnt from this collective experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancy in women with a Fontan circulation...
May 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747728/management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer E Dominguez, Linda Street, Judette Louis
The spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges from mild snoring to obstructive sleep apnea, the most severe form of SDB. Current recommendations are to treat these women with continuous positive airway pressure despite limited data. SDB in early and mid-pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Pregnant women with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea at delivery were at significantly increased risk of having cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and in-hospital death...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746622/socioeconomic-factors-and-mortality-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-cohort-study-in-swedish-primary-care
#7
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Danijela Gasevic, Martin J Holzmann, Johan Ärnlöv, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Background: Preventing ischaemic stroke attracts significant focus in atrial fibrillation (AF) cases. Less is known on the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with AF. Methods: Our study population included adults (n=12 283) ≥45 years diagnosed with AF at 75 primary care centres in Sweden 2001-07. Cox regression was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between the exposures educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and the outcomes all-cause mortality, after adjustment for age, and comorbid cardiovascular conditions...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728831/time-trends-in-characteristics-clinical-course-and-outcomes-of-13-791-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#8
Pere Llorens, Patricia Javaloyes, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Javier Jacob, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Víctor Gil, José Manuel Garrido, Eva Salvo, Marta Fuentes, Héctor Alonso, Fernando Richard, Francisco Javier Lucas, Héctor Bueno, John Parissis, Christian E Müller, Òscar Miró
OBJECTIVES: To analyse time trends in patient characteristics, clinical course, hospitalisation rate, and outcomes in acute heart failure along a 10-year period (2007-2016). METHODS: The EAHFE registry has prospectively collected 13,971 consecutive AHF patients diagnosed in 41 Spanish emergency departments (EDs) at five different time points (2007/2009/2011/2014/2016). Eighty patient-related variables and outcomes were described and statistically significant changes along time were evaluated...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687878/anthracycline-and-trastuzumab-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-breast-cancer
#9
M A Nicolazzi, A Carnicelli, M Fuorlo, A Scaldaferri, R Masetti, R Landolfi, A M R Favuzzi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. In the last twenty years early diagnosis, neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic treatment that targeted to specific molecular targets have significantly reduced the mortality from breast cancer. However, the increase in survival has allowed to observe the cardiotoxic effects of anticancer therapy and increased mortality from cardiovascular causes, resulting in a large literature where experts try to identify the correct management of this critical problem...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667759/incidence-predictors-and-clinical-management-of-hyperkalaemia-in-new-users-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists
#10
Marco Trevisan, Pietro de Deco, Hairong Xu, Marie Evans, Bengt Lindholm, Rino Bellocco, Peter Barany, Tomas Jernberg, Lars H Lund, Juan J Carrero
BACKGROUND: Concerns for hyperkalaemia limit the use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs). The frequency of MRA-associated hyperkalaemia in real-world settings and the extent of subsequent MRA discontinuation are poorly quantified. METHODS AND RESULTS: Observational study including all Stockholm citizens initiating MRA therapy during 2007-2010. Hyperkalaemias were identified from all potassium (K+ ) measurements in healthcare. MRA treatment lengths and dosages were obtained from complete collection of pharmacy dispensations...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628300/long-term-outcomes-of-selective-renal-artery-embolization-for-renal-arteriovenous-fistulae-with-dilated-venous-sac
#11
Yasushi Kimura, Keigo Osuga, Yusuke Ono, Tetsuro Nakazawa, Hiroki Higashihara, Noriyuki Tomiyama
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the role of selective renal artery embolization for renal arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) with dilated venous sac. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 14 patients (7 men and 7 women; mean age, 60 years) with a single renal AVF with dilated venous sac underwent selective renal artery embolization. Three patients presented with gross hematuria, 4 presented with occult blood in urine, and 1 presented with chronic heart failure...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601368/heart-failure-self-care-within-the-context-of-patient-and-informal-caregiver-dyadic-engagement-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Harleah G Buck, Judith Hupcey, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Michael Fradley, Kristine A Donovan, Alexa Watach
BACKGROUND: Recent heart failure (HF) patient and informal caregiver (eg, dyadic) studies have either examined self-care from a qualitative or quantitative perspective. To date, the 2 types of data have not been integrated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand HF self-care within the context of dyadic engagement. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, mixed methods (quantitative/qualitative) study. Heart failure self-care was measured with the Self-care of Heart Failure Index (v...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601327/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-approach-to-management
#13
Sorel Goland, Uri Elkayam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). RECENT FINDINGS: PPCM is pregnancy-associated myocardial disease that occurs during pregnancy or postpartum and is characterized by the development of heart failure due to marked left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. The disease is relatively uncommon, but its incidence is increasing, and it remains an important cause of cardiac-related maternal morbidity and mortality in previously healthy young women...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578284/long-term-prognosis-subsequent-pregnancy-contraception-and-overall-management-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-practical-guidance-paper-from-the-heart-failure-association-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-study-group-on-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#14
Karen Sliwa, Mark C Petrie, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Alexandre Mebazaa, Alice Jackson, Mark R Johnson, Peter van der Meer, Amam Mbakwem, Johann Bauersachs
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an idiopathic cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure secondary to left ventricular systolic dysfunction towards the end of pregnancy or in the months following delivery, where no other cause for heart failure is identified. Outcome varies from full recovery to residual left ventricular systolic dysfunction and even death. Many women return to their physician to acquire information on their long-term prognosis, to seek medical advice regarding contraception, or when planning a subsequent pregnancy...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563785/excess-risk-of-major-vascular-diseases-associated-with-airflow-obstruction-a-9-year-prospective-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#15
Om P Kurmi, Liming Li, Kourtney J Davis, Jenny Wang, Derrick A Bennett, Ka Hung Chan, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Junshi Chen, Liuping Wei, Donghui Jin, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: China has high COPD rates, even among never-regular smokers. Little is known about nonrespiratory disease risks, especially vascular morbidity and mortality after developing airflow obstruction (AFO) in Chinese adults. Objective: We aimed to investigate the prospective association of prevalent AFO with major vascular morbidity and mortality. Materials and methods: In 2004-2008, a nationwide prospective cohort study recruited 512,891 men and women aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities across China, tracking cause-specific mortality and coded episodes of hospitalization for 9 years...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550771/atrial-fibrillation-patterns-are-associated-with-arrhythmia-progression-and-clinical-outcomes
#16
Renate B Schnabel, Ladislav Pecen, Daniel Engler, Markus Lucerna, Jean Marc Sellal, Francisco M Ojeda, Raffaele De Caterina, Paulus Kirchhof
OBJECTIVES: Determinants of atrial fibrillation (AF) patterns and of progression of earlier forms to permanent AF, and their relationship with outcome are still poorly understood. METHODS: We examined AF patterns (paroxysmal, persistent and permanent), rate and predictors of AF progression, and outcomes in the PREFER (PREvention oF thromboembolic events-European Registry) in AF. The primary analysis was performed in the PREFER in AF prolongation dataset (n=3223 patients with AF with a complete 1-year follow-up, mean age 72±9 years, 40% women)...
March 17, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485677/sex-differences-in-heart-failure
#17
REVIEW
Evann Eisenberg, Katherine E Di Palo, Ileana L Piña
Heart failure (HF) numbers continue to grow in the United States and approximately 50% of patients living with HF are women. For the provider, it is critical to understand the role that gender plays in recognition, diagnosis, and management. The purpose of this literature review is to highlight the prevalence of heart failure in women and discuss gender variations in epidemiology, symptoms, pharmacology, and treatment as well as examine the representation of women in clinical trials.
February 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467048/pregnancy-associated-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-pascad-an-etiology-for-chest-pain-in-the-young-peripartum-patient
#18
Richard Lee, David Carr
Cardiac emergencies in pregnancy and the postpartum period are rare but often life-threatening. An emergency physician's differential diagnosis for chest pain in the peripartum patient often includes serious etiologies such as pulmonary embolism or myocardial infarction (MI). A lesser-known but important consideration on the differential for MI is that of a spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD). SCAD is defined as an intramural hematoma within the coronary artery that compresses the true lumen. Expansion by increased pressures may lead to subsequent myocardial ischemia and infarction...
February 22, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463610/impact-of-frequent-premature-ventricular-contractions-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#19
Calvin Tong, Marla Kiess, Marc William Deyell, Michael Qiu, Merav Orgad, Valerie Rychel, Ariel Claman, Emma Hardwick, Beverly McCarthy, Candice K Silversides, Jasmine Grewal
OBJECTIVES: To determine cardiac and fetal/neonatal event rates among pregnant women with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and compare with control groups. METHODS: Prospective case-control cohort study: 53 consecutive pregnancies in 49 women referred to the St. Paul's Hospital between 2010 and 2016 with PVC burden >1% in women without underlying cardiac disease. Maternal cardiac and fetal/neonatal outcomes were compared with two pregnant control groups: (1) supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) group of 53 women referred for a history of SVT/SVT in the current pregnancy and (2) low-risk group of 53 women with no cardiac disease...
February 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319404/gender-differences-in-utilization-of-specialized-heart-failure-clinics
#20
Lusine Abrahamyan, Yeva Sahakyan, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Murray Krahn, Valeria E Rac
BACKGROUND: Although heart failure (HF) prevalence is equally high among men and women, observed differences in the provision of care are still not fully understood. We sought to evaluate gender differences in patient profiles, diagnostic testing, medication prescription, and referrals in specialized multidisciplinary ambulatory HF clinics in Ontario. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical chart abstraction was conducted first by randomly selecting 9 (out of 34) HF clinics in Ontario, and then by randomly selecting 100 patient records in each clinic...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
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