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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#1
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343109/a-visual-analysis-of-gender-bias-in-contemporary-anatomy-textbooks
#2
Rhiannon Parker, Theresa Larkin, Jon Cockburn
Empirical research has linked gender bias in medical education with negative attitudes and behaviors in healthcare providers. Yet it has been more than 20 years since research has considered the degree to which women and men are equally represented in anatomy textbooks. Furthermore, previous research has not explored beyond quantity of representation to also examine visual gender stereotypes and, in light of theoretical advancements in the area of intersectional research, the relationship between representations of gender and representations of ethnicity, body type, health, and age...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342917/science-of-health-care-delivery-as-a-first-step-to-advance-undergraduate-medical-education-a-multi-institutional-collaboration
#3
Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Alison Essary, William Hueston, C Daniel Johnson, Natalie Landman, John Meurer, Bonnie Miller, Greg Ogrinc, Elizabeth M Petty, John Raymond, William Riley, Sherine Gabriel, Cheryl Maurana
Physicians must possess knowledge and skills to address the gaps facing the US health care system. Educators advocate for reform in undergraduate medical education (UME) to align competencies with the Triple Aim. In 2014, five medical schools and one state university began collaborating on these curricular gaps. The authors report a framework for the Science of Health Care Delivery (SHCD) using six domains and highlight curricular examples from each school. They describe three challenges and strategies for success in implementing SHCD curricula...
March 22, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342777/teaching-and-assessing-professionalism-in-radiology-resident-education
#4
REVIEW
Aine Marie Kelly, Larry D Gruppen, Patricia B Mullan
Radiologists in teaching hospitals and in practices with residents rotating through are involved in the education of their residents. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires evidence that trainees are taught and demonstrate competency not only in medical knowledge and in patient care-the historic focus of radiology education-but also in the so-called non-interpretative core competencies, which include professionalism and interpersonal skills. In addition to accreditation agencies, the prominent assessment practices represented by the American Board of Radiology core and certifying examinations for trainees, as well as Maintenance of Certification for practitioners, are planning to feature more non-interpretative competency assessment, including professionalism to a greater extent...
March 22, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342441/building-a-community-of-practice-in-rural-medical-education-growing-our-own-together
#5
Randall L Longenecker, David Schmitz
CONTEXT: This article chronicles the rise, decline, and recent resurgence of rural training track residency programs (RTTs) in the USA over the past 30 years and the emergence of a healthy community of practice in rural medical education. This has occurred during a time in the USA when federal and state funding of graduate medical education has been relatively stagnant and the rules around finance and accreditation of rural programs have been challenging. ISSUE: Many of the early family residency programs developed in the 1970s included a curricular focus on rural practice...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#6
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335820/exploring-the-tensions-of-being-and-becoming-a-medical-educator
#7
Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications may face additional tensions (i.e., internal or external conflicts or concerns) from differentiation by others, greater responsibilities and translational work against the status quo. This study explores the complex and multi-faceted tensions of educators with qualifications in medical education at various stages in their career...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335809/poor-uptake-of-an-online-intervention-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-online-diabetes-education-for-rural-general-practitioners
#8
Christine L Paul, Leon Piterman, Jonathan E Shaw, Catherine Kirby, Kristy L Forshaw, Jennifer Robinson, Isaraporn Thepwongsa, Robert W Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: In Australia, rural and remote communities have high rates of diabetes-related death and hospitalisation. General practitioners (GPs) play a major role in diabetes detection and management. Education of GPs could optimise diabetes management and improve patient outcomes at a population level. The study aimed to describe the uptake of a continuing medical education intervention for rural GPs and its impact on the viability of a cluster randomised controlled trial of the effects of continuing medical education on whole-town diabetes monitoring and control...
March 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334994/rural-retention-of-new-medical-graduates-from-the-collaborative-project-to-increase-production-of-rural-doctors-cpird-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#9
Win Techakehakij, Rajin Arora
Physician scarcity in rural areas is a major obstacle to healthcare access, leading to health inequity worldwide. In Thailand, a special recruitment program of medical education [Collaborative Project to Increase Production of Rural Doctors (CPIRD)] was initiated with four different medical training tracks. No previous research has examined the rural retention of new medical graduates across the CPIRD tracks, compared with those receiving conventional medical education (Normal track). This study examines the public retention of rural physicians from different tracks of entry...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333607/understanding-faculty-and-trainee-needs-related-to-scholarly-activity-in-a-large-nonuniversity-graduate-medical-education-program
#10
Davida Becker, Hanna Garth, Rachel Hollander, Felice Klein, Marc Klau
CONTEXT: Graduate medical education (GME) programs must develop curriculum to ensure scholarly activity among trainees and faculty to meet accreditation requirements and to support evidence-based medicine. OBJECTIVE: Test whether research-related needs and interests varied across four groups: primary care trainees, specialty trainees, primary care faculty, and specialty faculty. DESIGN: We surveyed a random sample of trainees and faculty in Kaiser Permanente Southern California's GME programs...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332911/socially-mediated-metacognition-for-understanding-science-of-learning-in-medical-education
#11
Shien Chue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332415/longitudinal-integrated-clerkships-in-the-community
#12
Andy McKeown, Ravi Parekh
Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships (LICs) are beginning to replace traditional short undergraduate rotations in general practice. LIC's differ from traditional rotations in that they are longer, they involve sustained relationships between students, patients and health professionals; and they integrate various strands of medical education. From early development in the US and Australia, LICs are now a fast-growing phenomenon across the world. We present three papers that seek to explain what LICs are, the evidence for their effectiveness and the practicalities of establishing or delivering a longitudinal integrated clerkship...
March 23, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332224/monitoring-and-regulation-of-learning-in-medical-education-the-need-for-predictive-cues
#13
Anique B H de Bruin, John Dunlosky, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti
CONTEXT: Being able to accurately monitor learning activities is a key element in self-regulated learning in all settings, including medical schools. Yet students' ability to monitor their progress is often limited, leading to inefficient use of study time. Interventions that improve the accuracy of students' monitoring can optimise self-regulated learning, leading to higher achievement. This paper reviews findings from cognitive psychology and explores potential applications in medical education, as well as areas for future research...
March 23, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332182/status-update-on-women-s-reproductive-health-care-and-obstetrics-gynecology-postgraduate-training-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#14
Rachel Chan Seay, A P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, Clark T Johnson, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
Academic partnerships can help to expand the women's reproductive healthcare workforce and improve maternal mortality.(1) In-country postgraduate and continuing medical education opportunities are key to training and retaining specialized physicians. The present report describes a developing academic partnership to build capacity in Sierra Leone following the Ebola virus disease epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#15
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331996/use-of-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-among-german-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-implications-for-patient-care-within-the-praegnant-study-network
#16
Carlo Fremd, Carolin C Hack, Andreas Schneeweiss, Geraldine Rauch, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Florin-Andrei Taran, Andreas Hartkopf, Friedrich Overkamp, Hans Tesch, Tanja Fehm, Peyman Hadji, Wolfgang Janni, Diana Lüftner, Michael P Lux, Volkmar Müller, Johannes Ettl, Erik Belleville, Christof Sohn, Florian Schuetz, Matthias M Beckmann, Peter A Fasching, Markus Wallwiener
PURPOSE: The present study aims to analyze a cohort of advanced breast cancer patients in Germany to assess their interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and patient's use of most frequent CAM methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the PREGNANT real-time breast cancer registry which is a multicenter study in Germany, questionnaires of 580 patients with advanced breast cancer were evaluated. The implemented questionnaire for CAM asked for general interest in CAM and for patient's use of different CAM methods at present and in the past...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#17
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329558/integrating-the-integrated-skin-exam-film-into-medical-education
#18
Seth Lofgreen, Michael Lehrer, Paige Bennett, Amit Garg, Cory A Dunnick
AbstractBackgroundThe mortality rate for melanoma continues to rise and the greatest improvement in melanoma survival is attributable to early detection with skin cancer screening exams. However, physicians feel that limited training in the examination of skin and limited clinical time both serve as barriers to adequately assess high-risk lesions.ObjectiveTo test the use of The Integrated Skin Exam film as an instructional tool to teach the examination of skin in a live classroom setting, outside of the purview of the original formal study...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329105/medical-three-dimensional-printing-opens-up-new-opportunities-in-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery
#19
Thomas Bartel, Andrew Rivard, Alejandro Jimenez, Carlos A Mestres, Silvana Müller
Advanced percutaneous and surgical procedures in structural and congenital heart disease require precise pre-procedural planning and continuous quality control. Although current imaging modalities and post-processing software assists with peri-procedural guidance, their capabilities for spatial conceptualization remain limited in two- and three-dimensional representations. In contrast, 3D printing offers not only improved visualization for procedural planning, but provides substantial information on the accuracy of surgical reconstruction and device implantations...
February 16, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328737/considerations-for-medical-students-and-advisors-after-an-unsuccessful-match
#20
Tracy Bumsted, Benjamin N Schneider, Nicole M Deiorio
Increasing numbers of graduating U.S. medical students are not securing a graduate medical education (GME) position, even after participating in the National Resident Matching Program (also known as "the Match") and the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program. The reasons for an unsuccessful Match include increasing numbers of applicants compared with nearly unchanging numbers of available GME positions, academic problems or professionalism lapses, and a poor fit between applicants and their first-choice specialty...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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