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Mindaugas Mozuraitis, Suzanne Stevenson, Daphna Heller
While speakers have been shown to adapt to the knowledge state of their addressee in choosing referring expressions, they often also show some egocentric tendencies. The current paper aims to provide an explanation for this "mixed" behavior by presenting a model that derives such patterns from the probabilistic combination of both the speaker's and the addressee's perspectives. To test our model, we conducted a language production experiment, in which participants had to refer to objects in a context that also included a visually misleading object (e...
February 1, 2018: Cognitive Science
Xiangyu Guo, Hua Bai, Yueguang Lv, Guangcheng Xi, Junfang Li, Xiaoxiao Ma, Yue Ren, Zheng Ouyang, Qiang Ma
Rapid, on-site analysis was achieved through significantly simplified operation procedures for a wide variety of toy samples (crayon, temporary tattoo sticker, finger paint, modeling clay, and bubble solution) using a miniature mass spectrometry system with ambient ionization capability. The labor-intensive analytical protocols involving sample workup and chemical separation, traditionally required for MS-based analysis, were replaced by direct sampling analysis using ambient ionization methods. A Mini β ion trap miniature mass spectrometer was coupled with versatile ambient ionization methods, e...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Katy Carlson, Joseph C Tyler
Traditionally, pitch accents are understood to relate to the information structure of a sentence and its discourse connections, while prosodic boundaries indicate groupings of words and affect how constituents attach into a syntactic structure. Here, we show that accents also affect syntactic attachment in multiple different syntactic structures. Three auditory questionnaires on ambiguous attachment sentences (such as Tom reported that Bill was bribed [last May]) find that accenting the higher or lower verb ( reported or bribed) increases the attachment of the final adverbial phrase as a modifier of the accented verb...
July 1, 2017: Language and Speech
Xiuzhen Yang, Liying Sun, Jingjing Ye, Xiaoying Li, Ran Tao
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In this study we investigated the sonographic features of vaginal foreign bodies in girls and the diagnostic role of combined transperineal and transabdominal ultrasonography in the detection of vaginal foreign bodies in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A retrospective review of the records of 249 girls seen in the outpatient pediatric and adolescent gynecology clinic of our hospital and referred to our department for sonographic evaluation of suspected vaginal foreign bodies between 2013 and 2016 was performed...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Gulzar R Ahmad, Subodh Kumar, Dildar Ahmad, Masood A Shammas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Michael T M Wang, Irene Sung Hee Cho, Soo Hee Jung, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the effects on tear film parameters and contamination in cosmetic eyeliner wearers, after single application of two lipid-based dry eye treatments: a lipid-containing lubricant eye drop and a phospholipid liposomal spray. METHODS: Fifty participants were enrolled in a prospective, randomised, paired-eye, investigator-masked trial. Pencil eyeliner (Body Shop® Crayon Eye Definer) was applied to the upper eyelid periocular skin of both eyes, anterior to the lash line...
August 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Aaron S McAllister, Neil U Lall, Kareem O Tawfik, Blaise V Jones
BACKGROUND: A crayon fragment was determined to be the source of a foreign body inflammatory process in the masticator space of a 15-month-old boy. The appearance of the crayon on CT and MR imaging was unexpected, leading to a further analysis of the imaging features of crayons. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and characterize the imaging appearance of crayons at CT and MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors obtained CT and MR images of 22 crayons from three manufacturers and three non-pigmented crayons cast by the authors...
May 2017: Pediatric Radiology
Tai-Hua Lee, Fong-Gong Wu, Huei-Tsz Chen
Focusing on the theme of direct manipulation, in this study, we proposed a new and innovative tangible user interface (TUI) design concept for a manipulative digital drawing pen. Based on interviews with focus groups brainstorming and experts and the results of a field survey, we selected the most suitable tangible user interface for children between 4 and 7 years of age. Using the new tangible user interface, children could choose between the brush tools after touching and feeling the various patterns. The thickness of the brush could be adjusted by changing the tilt angle...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Kattakayam Annamary, Gajula Shivashankarappa Prathima, Renganathan Sajeev, Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Venkatesan Ramesh, Govindasamy Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Dental setting plays an important role in child's behavior and cooperation to the planned dental treatment. Adding attractive colours to the dental environment and by incorporating colourful equipments can make the child feel good and be at ease. This study tries to convey the relationship between colours and dental anxiety among children. AIM: To evaluate the colour preference to emotions in relation to children's age, gender and anxiety level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 382 children aged 6-12 years were randomly selected from schools in and around Puducherry...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Leon Li, L Robert Slevc
Every word signifies multiple senses. Many studies using comprehension-based measures suggest that polysemes' senses (e.g., paper as in printer paper or term paper) share lexical representations, whereas homophones' meanings (e.g., pen as in ballpoint pen or pig pen) correspond to distinct lexical representations. Less is known about the lexical representations of polysemes compared to homophones in language production. In this study, speakers named pictures after reading sentence fragments that primed polysemes and homophones either as direct competitors to pictures (i...
July 29, 2016: Cognitive Science
Kareem O Tawfik, Colin R Edwards, Blaise V Jones, Charles M Myer
OBJECTIVE: We report an unusual case of masticator space foreign body in a patient presenting with otorrhea and granulation tissue within the external auditory canal (EAC). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 16-month-old male presented with fever, unilateral otorrhea, facial swelling, leukocytosis, and granulation tissue within the EAC that failed to respond to conventional medical treatment. Computed tomography scan showed EAC and middle ear opacification and soft tissue swelling involving the masticator space...
October 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Pramod P Jog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Huijuan Mai, Yimin Yang, Idelisi Abuduresule, Wenying Li, Xingjun Hu, Changsui Wang
Cosmetics have been studied for a long time in the society and culture research, and its consumption is regarded as a cultural symbol of human society. This paper focuses on the analysis of the red cosmetic sticks, found in Xiaohe Cemetery (1980-1450BC), Xinjiang, China. The structure of the red cosmetic sticks was disclosed by SR-μCT scanning (Synchrotron Radiation Micro-computed Tomography), while the chemical components were characterized by FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), Raman Spectroscopy and Proteomics...
January 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tracy L Solomon, Marina Vasilyeva, Janellen Huttenlocher, Susan C Levine
Understanding measurement units is critical to mathematics and science learning, but it is a topic that American students find difficult. In 3 studies, we investigated the challenges underlying this difficulty in kindergarten and second grade by comparing performance on different versions of a linear measurement task. Children measured crayons that were either aligned or shifted relative to the left edge of either a continuous ruler or a row of discrete units. The alignment (aligned, shifted) and the measuring tool (ruler, discrete units) were crossed to form 4 types of problems...
November 2015: Developmental Psychology
Anne Conan, Alice Kent, Kim Koman, Simone Konink, Darryn Knobel
Rabies transmitted by domestic dogs is a serious yet neglected public health threat in many underserved communities in Africa and Asia. Achieving 70% vaccination coverage in dog populations through annual mass vaccination campaigns is an effective means of controlling the disease in these communities. Evaluating the extent to which this target coverage is achieved requires either accurate pre-campaign estimates of the dog population size or accurate estimates of the coverage attained by conducting post-vaccination surveys...
September 1, 2015: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Michael S Adamowicz, Renáe D Labonte, John E Schienman
Personal products, such as toothbrushes, have been used as both known reference and evidentiary samples for forensic DNA analysis. This study examined the viability of a broad selection of cosmetic applicators for use as targets for human DNA extraction and short tandem repeat (STR) analysis using standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) conditions. Applicator types included eyeliner smudgers, pencils and crayons, eye shadow sponges, mascara wands, concealer wands, face makeup sponges, pads and brushes, lipsticks and balms, and lip gloss wands...
July 2015: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Miguel Saps, John M Rosen, Jacob Ecanow
AIM: To determine the utility of X-ray in identifying non-metallic foreign body (FB) and assess inter-radiologist agreement in identifying non-metal FB. METHODS: Focus groups of nurses, fellows, and attending physicians were conducted to determine commonly ingested objects suitable for inclusion. Twelve potentially ingested objects (clay, plastic bead, crayon, plastic ring, plastic army figure, glass bead, paperclip, drywall anchor, eraser, Lego™, plastic triangle toy, and barrette) were embedded in a gelatin slab placed on top of a water-equivalent phantom to simulate density of a child's abdomen...
May 8, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Hongmei Yang, Qingkun Kong, Shaowei Wang, Jinmeng Xu, Zhaoquan Bian, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Chao Ma, Shenguang Ge, Jinghua Yu
In this paper, a pen-on-paper electrochemiluminescence (PoP-ECL) device was entirely hand drawn and written in commercially available crayon and pencil in turn for the first time, and a constant potential-triggered sandwich-type immunosensor was introduced into the PoP-ECL device to form a low-cost ECL immunodevice proof. Each PoP-ECL device contained a hydrophilic paper channel and two PoP electrodes, and the PoP-ECL device was produced as follows: crayon was firstly used to draw hydrophobic regions on pure cellulose paper to create the hydrophilic paper channels followed with a baking treatment, and then a 6B-type black pencil with low resistivity was applied for precision writing, as the PoP electrodes, across the hydrophilic paper channel...
November 15, 2014: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Hwanyul Yong, Eunsong Lee
The reliability of a Korean black goat (Capra hircus coreanae) to detect estrus in Himalayan tahrs (Hemitragus jemlahicus) for an artificial breeding program was investigated. Estrus in six female Himalayan tahrs was synchronized using fluorogestone acetate (FGA) sponges. Thirteen days later, 200 IU of PMSG and 100 IU of hCG were injected before removing the sponges and simultaneously injecting 5 mg of PGF2α the next day. Penetration of the cervical canal and the thickness and location of red crayon marks were examined 40 ˜ 43 h later...
2014: Journal of Veterinary Science
Khalid Ali, Tony Gammidge, Diane Waller
RATIONALE: The holistic aspect of stroke rehabilitation to include psychological well-being is currently neglected, with more emphasis placed on physical recovery despite anxiety and depression being common poststroke. From the limited amount of current literature, it seems that creative strategies such as art therapy (AT) can be beneficial in reducing isolation and anxiety among stroke patients. METHODS: Stroke patients (able to consent) in a hospital rehabilitation unit were invited to participate in two weekly AT sessions for 6 weeks, facilitated by an art psychotherapist using paints, crayons, clay, a camera and an iPad...
June 2014: Medical Humanities
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