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Collin R Diedrich, Jennifer O'Hern, Maximiliano G Gutierrez, Nafiesa Allie, Patricia Papier, Graeme Meintjes, Anna K Coussens, Helen Wainwright, Robert J Wilkinson
BACKGROUND:  Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV)-infected persons are more susceptible to tuberculosis than HIV-uninfected persons. Low peripheral CD4(+) T-cell count is not the sole cause of higher susceptibility, because HIV-infected persons with a high peripheral CD4(+) T-cell count and those prescribed successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) remain more prone to active tuberculosis than HIV-uninfected persons. We hypothesized that the increase in susceptibility is caused by the ability of HIV to manipulate Mycobacterium tuberculosis-associated granulomas...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Patricia Carrascosa, Carlos Capuñay, Javier Vallejos, Jimena Carpio, Mariano Baronio, Sergio Papier
Noninvasive imaging techniques play an important role in the female infertility diagnostic algorithm. In this review article, a description of the diagnostic performance and potential clinical value of both computerized tomographic virtual hysterosalpingography (CT-VHGS) and magnetic-resonance virtual hysterosalpingography (MR-VHSG) is made, describing for both techniques, to guarantee the best possible diagnostic outcome, patient preparation and normal and principal pathologic findings. Both noninvasive diagnostic imaging modalities improve the diagnostic confidence in identification of the specific cause of female infertility...
June 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Radosław Konieczny, Paulina Papier, Filip Szten
Compared to efficient and secure female contraception, a vasectomy and condoms are the only options for men. The choice of male contraceptive methods is limited, so contraception mainly rests on the shoulders of women. Several concepts are considered: testosterone administration--inhibiting pituitary secretion of lutropin (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), progestogen--affecting the secretion of gonadotropin and gonadoliberin (GnRH) antagonists. New potential targets for non-hormonal male contraception were discovered: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (GAPDHS)--specific to male germ cells and voltage-gated cation channel (CatSper)...
July 2015: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Marcin Barczyński, Aleksandra Papier, Jakub Kenig, Ireneusz Nawrot
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) with intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay (IOPTH) has successfully replaced conventional neck exploration in most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and preoperatively localized parathyroid adenoma. AIM: To compare outcomes of video-assisted MIP (MIVAP) to open MIP (OMIP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled study of 455 patients with sporadic pHPT undergoing MIP with IOPTH at our institution in 2003-2012 was undertaken...
December 2014: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Keren Papier, Faruk Ahmed, Patricia Lee, Juliet Wiseman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between stress and food selection patterns by sex among first-year undergraduate students studying in an Australian university. METHODS: Participating in this cross-sectional study were 728 (331 men and 397 female students) first-year students, ages >18 y, attending the Gold Coast Campus of Griffith University. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire consisting of three sections: sociodemographic information, stress measures, and a 7-d food frequency questionnaire...
February 2015: Nutrition
Marta Manso, Ana Bidarra, Stéphane Longelin, Sofia Pessanha, Adriana Ferreira, Mauro Guerra, João Coroado, Luísa Carvalho
The analysis of a Portuguese "papier-mâché" sculpture depicting Saint Anthony is presented in this case study. Several questions were addressed such as the characteristics of the support, pigments used, and artistic technique in order to establish a possible timeline for its production. Qualitative analyses of the cross-sections and of the paper support were performed by optical microscopy using reflected light. Two polychrome layers from different periods and a rag pulped support were identified on the sculpture...
February 2015: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Shawn Somerset, Keren Papier
Flavonoids, a broad category of nonnutrient food components, are potential protective dietary factors in the etiology of some cancers. However, previous epidemiological studies showing associations between flavonoid intake and cancer risk have used unvalidated intake assessment methods. A 62-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) based on usual intake of a representative Australian adult population sample was validated against a 3-day diet diary method in 60 young adults. Spearman's rank correlations showed 17 of 25 individual flavonoids, 3 of 5 flavonoid subgroups, and total flavonoids having strong/moderate correlation coefficients (0...
2014: Nutrition and Cancer
Demián Glujovsky, Barbara Riestra, Carlos Sueldo, Gabriel Fiszbajn, Sjoerd Repping, Florencia Nodar, Sergio Papier, Agustín Ciapponi
BACKGROUND: Oocyte cryopreservation is a technique with considerable potential in reproductive medicine, including  fertility preservation, as a way of delaying childbearing and as part of oocyte donation programs. Although the technique was relatively ineffective at first more recently numerous modifications have led to higher success rates. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness and safety of vitrification and slow freezing as oocyte cryopreservation techniques for fertility outcomes in women undergoing assisted reproduction...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M E Davis
For many centuries our knowledge of Chinese achievements was limited to natural silk, cloissoné, porcelain, jade, ivory and papier maché. Their philosophy and art of healing remained virtually unknown.
March 1973: Australian Journal of Physiotherapy
Aleksandra Papier, Jakub Kenig, Marcin Barczyński
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bilateral neck exploration (BNE) is the preferred surgical technique in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) not eligible for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). The aim of this study was to assess indications for BNE in the era of MIP, including short-term outcomes of surgery with intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) monitoring added-value. METHODS: Data of 155 patients with pHPT qualified for BNE with intraoperative iPTH monitoring and treated in 2003-2012 were retrospectively analysed...
2014: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Aleksandra Papier, Jakub Kenig, Marcin Barczyński
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative iPTH assay (IOPTH) is often used during minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) to predict operative success. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic accuracy of IOPTH during MIP with respect to few prognostic criteria most commonly used. METHODS: A retrospective study of 455 patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism undergoing MIP with IOPTH at our institution between 2003 and 2012 was undertaken. Diagnostic accuracy of few prognostic criteria most commonly used was done including Halle, Miami, Rome and Vienna criteria...
2014: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Keren Papier, Gail M Williams, Ruby Luceres-Catubig, Faruk Ahmed, Remigio M Olveda, Donald P McManus, Delia Chy, Thao N P Chau, Darren J Gray, Allen G P Ross
BACKGROUND: There is evidence to support that nutritional deficiency can reduce the body's immune function, thereby decreasing resistance to disease and increasing susceptibility to intestinal parasites. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 693 school-aged children from 5 schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Northern Samar, the Philippines. Data on dietary intake, nutritional status, and intestinal parasitic infection were collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of stunting, thinness, and wasting was 49...
July 15, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Marcin Barczyński, Aleksander Konturek, Krzysztof Pragacz, Aleksandra Papier, Małgorzata Stopa, Wojciech Nowak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is higher in repeat than in primary thyroid operations. The use of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) as an aid in dissection of the scar tissue is believed to minimize the risk of nerve injury. The aim of this study was to examine whether the use of IONM in thyroid reoperations can reduce the prevalence of RLN injury. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent thyroid reoperations with IONM versus with RLN visualization, but without IONM...
March 2014: World Journal of Surgery
Aleksandra Papier, Marcin Barczyński, Krzysztof Pragacz, Jakub Kenig, Małgorzata Stopa, Aleksander Konturek, Wojciech Nowak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare staging of incidentally diagnosed thyroid cancer (TC) to staging of preoperatively suspected TC. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 224 patients who underwent surgery for primary TC between 2009 and 2011. Clinical and pathological data included in the TNM and AJCC staging system (7th edition, 2010) were analysed. Staging of incidentally diagnosed TC was compared to staging of preoperatively suspected TC...
2013: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Natalia Rougier, Heydy Uriondo, Sergio Papier, Miguel Angel Checa, Carlos Sueldo, Cristian Alvarez Sedó
OBJECTIVE: To compare the DNA fragmentation of semen samples established by terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) after incubation in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) for different time periods. DESIGN: Comparative prospective study. SETTING: Center for reproductive medicine. PATIENT(S): Twenty-seven semen samples from infertile patients. INTERVENTION(S): None...
July 2013: Fertility and Sterility
Marcin Barczyński, Aleksander Konturek, Małgorzata Stopa, Aleksandra Papier, Wojciech Nowak
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) has gained acceptance in recent years as an alternative to conventional thyroid surgery. AIM: Assessment of our 7-year experience with MIVAT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 240 consecutive patients who underwent MIVAT at our institution between 01/2004 and 05/2011 was conducted. The inclusion criterion was a single thyroid nodule below 30 mm in diameter within the thyroid of 25 ml or less in volume...
August 2012: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Art Papier
This article is focused on diagnostic decision support tools and will provide a brief history of clinical decision support (CDS), examine the components of CDS and its associated terminology, and discuss recent developments in the use and application of CDS systems, particularly in the field of dermatology. For this article, we use CDS to mean an interactive system allowing input of patient-specific information and providing customized medical knowledge-based results via automated reasoning, for example, a set of rules and/or an underlying logic, and associations...
September 2012: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Michele L Pearson, Joseph V Selby, Kenneth A Katz, Virginia Cantrell, Christopher R Braden, Monica E Parise, Christopher D Paddock, Michael R Lewin-Smith, Victor F Kalasinsky, Felicia C Goldstein, Allen W Hightower, Arthur Papier, Brian Lewis, Sarita Motipara, Mark L Eberhard
BACKGROUND: Morgellons is a poorly characterized constellation of symptoms, with the primary manifestations involving the skin. We conducted an investigation of this unexplained dermopathy to characterize the clinical and epidemiologic features and explore potential etiologies. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among persons at least 13 years of age and enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) during 2006-2008. A case was defined as the self-reported emergence of fibers or materials from the skin accompanied by skin lesions and/or disturbing skin sensations...
2012: PloS One
Eduard Koifman, Tanya Mashiach, Irina Papier, Amir Karban, Rami Eliakim, Irit Chermesh
OBJECTIVE: Malnourished patients suffer from higher morbidity and mortality rates than well-nourished patients do. However, few studies have controlled the outcomes for the underlying illnesses. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among patients admitted to the internal medicine ward and to determine whether malnutrition is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes in these settings. METHODS: Consecutive patients screened for malnutrition with the MUST (Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool), admitted to an internal medicine department, were included in this study...
May 2012: Nutrition
Patricia Carrascosa, Carolina Sueldo, Carlos Capuñay, Mariano Baronio, Sergio Papier
OBJECTIVE: To study the value of virtual hysterosalpingography (VHSG) in the diagnosis of bicornuate vs. septate uterus. DESIGN: Retrospective study of all cases with bicornuate or septate uterus that had VHSG during the last 3 years at our center. SETTING: Private fertility center and radiology institute with university affiliations. PATIENT(S): A total of 47 patients (from more than 1,000 studies) with bicornuate uterus (n = 15) or septate uterus (n = 32) were analyzed to determine the ability of VHSG to distinguish both entities...
November 2011: Fertility and Sterility
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