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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#1
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922221/commentary-the-tyranny-of-time-and-the-reality-principle
#2
Russell Gersten
Each of the five articles in this special issue gets "into the weeds" in terms of studying actual classroom or school implementation of evidence-based or promising practices. Virtually all confront the issue of logistics and establishing an infrastructure for ensuring adequate implementation. In general, those studies that ask teachers to change their practice, be it core classwide instruction (Wanzek & Vaughn, this issue) or the whole-class adolescent literacy interventions described in LaRusso et al. (this issue) experienced a good deal more in the way of implementation challenges than those that provided schools with extra services and were able to hire their own personnel to train and oversee as part of an efficacy trial...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#3
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922219/introduction-to-the-special-issue-challenges-and-solutions-to-implementing-effective-reading-intervention-in-schools
#4
Barbara Foorman
This special issue focuses on challenges and solutions to implementing effective reading intervention in schools in the United States. Researchers often develop interventions that prove effective in efficacy studies but then show no impact when implemented at scale in public school settings. The authors of the intervention studies presented here describe a number of common implementation problems stemming from research in primary grades, middle grades, and high schools. Solutions to these implementation problems include establishing researcher-practitioner partnerships to address the systems-level challenges, suggestions for how to obtain buy-in from teachers, and recommendations for reforming preservice and in-service teacher education...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922218/improving-professional-development-to-enhance-reading-outcomes-for-students-in-special-education
#5
Christopher J Lemons, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sheila J Conway, Veronica Mellado De La Cruz
The purpose of this article is to focus specifically on professional development that is needed to ensure that preservice and in-service teachers are prepared to deliver intensive intervention to enhance reading outcomes of students in special education. Our aim is to provide recommendations to ensure that special educators are prepared to design and implement data-based individualization in the area of reading. We highlight what special educators need to know to implement data-based individualization and provide recommendations for improving professional development using findings from federally funded projects...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922216/seven-elements-important-to-successful-implementation-of-early-literacy-intervention
#6
Barbara Foorman, Jennifer Dombek, Kevin Smith
The objective of this article is to describe seven elements important to successful implementation of early literacy intervention. The seven elements are drawn from research as well as from the authors' recent randomized controlled trial of effective early literacy interventions in kindergarten through second grade in 55 schools across Florida. The seven elements are (a) the importance of researcher-practitioner partnerships; (b) determining the need for early intervention; (c) assessment selection and data use; (d) evaluating curriculum and instructional materials for use in early intervention; (e) scheduling time for intervention; (f) selecting, training, and supporting interventionists; and (g) locating space and maintaining open communications among interventionists, teachers, and parents...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922215/commentary-implementing-interventions-building-a-shared-understanding-of-why
#7
Vibeke Grøver
This commentary discusses how the articles that comprise this special issue conceptualize what is required for reading interventions to change instruction. Three challenges to successful implementation are addressed: identifying institutional barriers to change, identifying intervention components that are not commonly part of the teachers' repertoires and that will require attention and support, and building researcher-practitioner partnerships and a shared understanding of why an intervention would improve reading instruction...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922214/implementation-challenges-for-tier-one-and-tier-two-school-based-programs-for-early-adolescents
#8
Maria D LaRusso, Suzanne Donovan, Catherine Snow
This mixed-method study examined the implementation and the challenges to implementation for participants in randomized controlled trials of two school-based programs for early adolescents: the Tier One Word Generation (WG) program, and the Tier Two Strategic Adolescent Reading Intervention (STARI). Levels of implementation for WG and STARI varied substantially across teachers and classrooms, with mean levels of 40% for fourth- and fifth-grade WG, 31% for sixth- and seventh-grade WG, and 47% for STARI. The three most common implementation challenges for WG were lack of time, multiple new programs/curricula happening at the same time, and time lost to testing and test prep...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#9
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922112/plasma-cathepsin-d-correlates-with-histological-classifications-of-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults-and-responds-to-intervention
#10
Sofie M A Walenbergh, Tom Houben, Sander S Rensen, Veerle Bieghs, Tim Hendrikx, Patrick J van Gorp, Yvonne Oligschlaeger, Mike L J Jeurissen, Marion J J Gijbels, Wim A Buurman, Anita C E Vreugdenhil, Jan Willem M Greve, Jogchum Plat, Marten H Hofker, Satish Kalhan, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Patrick Lindsey, Ger H Koek, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by liver lipid accumulation and inflammation. The mechanisms that trigger hepatic inflammation are poorly understood and subsequently, no specific non-invasive markers exist. We previously demonstrated a reduction in the plasma lysosomal enzyme, cathepsin D (CatD), in children with NASH compared to children without NASH. Recent studies have raised the concept that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults is distinct from children due to a different histological pattern in the liver...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922100/evaluation-of-candidate-reference-genes-for-rt-qpcr-studies-in-three-metabolism-related-tissues-of-mice-after-caloric-restriction
#11
Huan Gong, Liang Sun, Beidong Chen, Yiwen Han, Jing Pang, Wei Wu, Ruomei Qi, Tie-Mei Zhang
Reverse transcription quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a routine method for gene expression analysis, and reliable results depend on proper normalization by stable reference genes. Caloric restriction (CR) is a robust lifestyle intervention to slow aging and delay onset of age-associated diseases via inducing global changes in gene expression. Reliable normalization of RT-qPCR data becomes crucial in CR studies. In this study, the expression stability of 12 candidate reference genes were evaluated in inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT), skeletal muscle (Sk...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921992/the-hubble-trial-haemorrhoidal-artery-ligation-hal-versus-rubber-band-ligation-rbl-for-symptomatic-second-and-third-degree-haemorrhoids-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-and-health-economic-evaluation
#12
Steven Brown, Jim Tiernan, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Neil Shephard, Mike Bradburn, Allan Wailoo, Abualbishr Alshreef, Lizzie Swaby, Angus Watson, Simon Radley, Oliver Jones, Paul Skaife, Anil Agarwal, Pasquale Giordano, Marc Lamah, Mark Cartmell, Justin Davies, Omar Faiz, Karen Nugent, Andrew Clarke, Angus MacDonald, Phillip Conaghan, Paul Ziprin, Rohit Makhija
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical intervention for low-grade haemorrhoids is unknown. Rubber band ligation (RBL) is probably the most common intervention. Haemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) is a novel alternative that may be more efficacious. OBJECTIVE: The comparison of HAL with RBL for the treatment of grade II/III haemorrhoids. DESIGN: A multicentre, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. PERSPECTIVE: UK NHS and Personal Social Services...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921860/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-neurocognition-and-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-italian-naturalistic-study
#13
Mariangela Lanfredi, Giacomo Deste, Clarissa Ferrari, Stefano Barlati, Laura Rosa Magni, Roberta Rossi, Luca de Peri, Marco Bonomi, Giuseppe Rossi, Antonio Vita
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has been reported to positively affect neurocognitive processes among patients with schizophrenia; however, the degree to which changes in cognition is linked to improved clinical symptoms, remains poorly understood. The current study aimed to investigate whether cognitive gains were associated to improvements in negative symptoms' severity in patients with schizophrenia living in two Italian psychiatric facilities. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were consecutively assigned to CRT (n = 33) and compared with an historical control group (n = 28)...
December 6, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921635/a-literature-based-intervention-for-women-prisoners-preliminary-findings
#14
Josie Billington, Eleanor Longden, Jude Robinson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether Shared Reading (SR), a specific literature-based intervention, is transposable to a prison context and whether mental health benefits identified in other custodial and non-custodial settings were reported by women prisoners. Design/methodology/approach In all, 35 participants were recruited within an all-female maximum security prison and attended one of two weekly reading groups. Qualitative data were collected through researcher observation of the reading groups; interviews and focus group discussions with participants and prison staff; interviews with the project worker leading the reading groups; and a review of records kept by the latter during group sessions...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921633/healthcare-resources-are-inadequate-to-address-the-burden-of-illness-among-hiv-infected-male-prisoners-in-malaysia
#15
Joseph Bick, Gabriel Culbert, Haider A Al-Darraji, Clayton Koh, Veena Pillai, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick Altice
Purpose Criminalization of drug use in Malaysia has concentrated people who inject drugs (PWID) and people living with HIV into prisons where health services are minimal and HIV-related mortality is high. Few studies have comprehensively assessed the complex health needs of this population. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach From October 2012 through March 2013, 221 sequentially selected HIV-infected male prisoners underwent a comprehensive health assessment that included a structured history, physical examination, and clinically indicated diagnostic studies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921428/-promising-molecules-for-treatment-of-hyperglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Milan Kvapil
New antidiabetic drugs are being developed today that expand the range of pharmacological intervention, in particular for patients with type 2 diabetes (imeglimin, semaglutide, dulaglutide, FGF 21 analogue). At the same time innovations take place that "better" the well-proven molecules, they offer new application forms we have no experience of diabetology (osmotic pump for exenatide, faster acting insulin aspart). New properties are brought by just the change of concentration (insulin glargine in a concentration of 300 U/ml), unexpected positive results are also brought by new fixed-ratio combinations of antidiabetics (fixed-ratio combination of insulin degludec and liraglutide, fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide)...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921414/the-effect-of-autologous-serum-therapy-on-disease-severity-in-patients-with-chronic-urticaria
#17
Farhad Abolnezhadian, Soheila Alyasin, Reza Amin, Maryam Babaei
Limited evidence has been obtained concerning the beneficial effects of autologous serum therapy in treatment of skin disorders particularly chronic urticaria. In the present study, we have assessed the effect of this treatment method in patients with chronic urticaria (CU). This randomized single-blind controlled trial was performed on fifty consecutive patients with chronic urticaria. The patients were randomly assigned to receive autologous serum (as the case group, n=35) or normal saline (as the control group, n=15) and treated with monthly autologous serum therapy or normal saline for 6 months...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921405/thrombolytic-therapy-up-regulates-inflammatory-mediators-compared-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci
#18
Alireza Garjani, Bahram Sohrabi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Sina Andalib, Mehriar Shokri, Bahar Taherkhanchi, Bahador Bagheri
The important role of reperfusion therapies in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is well documented. However, reperfusion therapies can initiate inflammatory response and may damage the myocardium. The purpose of current study was to compare the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombolytic therapy on inflammatory markers in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Eighty three patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study. 40 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 43 patients received streptokinase (1...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921379/fibroids-that-do-not-distort-the-uterine-cavity-and-ivf-success-rates-an-observational-study-using-extensive-matching-criteria
#19
G Christopoulos, A Vlismas, R Salim, R Islam, G Trew, S Lavery
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of non-cavity-distorting fibroids on in vitro fertilisation (IVF) pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective, matched, single-centre, cohort study was performed. SETTING: The IVF unit of a tertiary, university hospital. POPULATION: We analysed all women with non-cavity-distorting uterine fibroids undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles from 1 January 2011 to 1 May 2015...
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921359/modulation-of-vegf-signaling-in-a-mouse-model-of-diabetes-by-xanthohumol-and-8-prenylnaringenin-unveiling-the-angiogenic-paradox-and-metabolism-interplay
#20
Raquel Costa, Ilda Rodrigues, Luísa Guardão, Joana Quelhas Lima, Emília Sousa, Raquel Soares, Rita Negrão
SCOPE: Imbalance in kidney and heart neovascularization is common in type2 Diabetes (T2DM) patients. Nevertheless, the mechanisms governing this angiogenic paradox have not been elucidated. Xanthohumol (XN) and 8-prenylnaringenin (8PN) beer polyphenols modulate angiogenesis, being thus targets for T2DM-related complications. Our work examined whether polyphenols consumption affects angiogenic paradox and metabolism in a T2DM mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS: An increase in kidney and a reduction in left ventricle (LV) microvessels of diabetic C57Bl/6 mice were observed...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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