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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335568/an-electricity-price-aware-open-source-smart-socket-for-the-internet-of-energy
#1
Óscar Blanco-Novoa, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas, Luis Castedo
The Internet of Energy (IoE) represents a novel paradigm where electrical power systems work cooperatively with smart devices to increase the visibility of energy consumption and create safer, cleaner and sustainable energy systems. The implementation of IoE services involves the use of multiple components, like embedded systems, power electronics or sensors, which are an essential part of the infrastructure dedicated to the generation and distribution energy and the one required by the final consumer. This article focuses on the latter and presents a smart socket system that collects the information about energy price and makes use of sensors and actuators to optimize home energy consumption according to the user preferences...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335541/effects-of-forest-therapy-on-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Insook Lee, Heeseung Choi, Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, MinKyung Song, Buhyun Lee
This study systematically reviewed forest therapy programs designed to decrease the level of depression among adults and assessed the methodological rigor and scientific evidence quality of existing research studies to guide future studies. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors independently screened full-text articles from various databases using the following criteria: (1) intervention studies assessing the effects of forest therapy on depressive symptoms in adults aged 18 years and older; (2) studies including at least one control group or condition; (3) peer-reviewed studies; and (4) been published either in English or Korean before July 2016...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335519/translating-developmental-origins-improving-the-health-of-women-and-their-children-using-a-sustainable-approach-to-behaviour-change
#3
Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Tannaze Tinati, Christina Vogel, Sofia Strömmer, Taylor Rose, Rufia Begum, Megan Jarman, Jenny Davies, Sue Thompson, Liz Taylor, Hazel Inskip, Cyrus Cooper, Don Nutbeam, Wendy Lawrence
Theories of the developmental origins of health and disease imply that optimising the growth and development of babies is an essential route to improving the health of populations. A key factor in the growth of babies is the nutritional status of their mothers. Since women from more disadvantaged backgrounds have poorer quality diets and the worst pregnancy outcomes, they need to be a particular focus. The behavioural sciences have made a substantial contribution to the development of interventions to support dietary changes in disadvantaged women...
March 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335443/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-responses-to-clopidogrel-evidences-and-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Yan-Jiao Zhang, Mu-Peng Li, Jie Tang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Clopidogrel has significantly reduced the incidence of recurrent atherothrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and in those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, recurrence events still remain, which may be partly due to inadequate platelet inhibition by standard clopidogrel therapy. Genetic polymorphisms involved in clopidogrel's absorption, metabolism, and the P2Y12 receptor may interfere with its antiplatelet activity. Recent evidence indicated that epigenetic modification may also affect clopidogrel response...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335394/motor-function-evaluation-of-hemiplegic-upper-extremities-using-data-fusion-from-wearable-inertial-and-surface-emg-sensors
#6
Yanran Li, Xu Zhang, Yanan Gong, Ying Cheng, Xiaoping Gao, Xiang Chen
Quantitative evaluation of motor function is of great demand for monitoring clinical outcome of applied interventions and further guiding the establishment of therapeutic protocol. This study proposes a novel framework for evaluating upper limb motor function based on data fusion from inertial measurement units (IMUs) and surface electromyography (EMG) sensors. With wearable sensors worn on the tested upper limbs, subjects were asked to perform eleven straightforward, specifically designed canonical upper-limb functional tasks...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335378/bioavailability-of-microencapsulated-iron-from-fortified-bread-assessed-using-piglet-model
#7
Malgorzata A Bryszewska, Luca Laghi, Augusta Zannoni, Andrea Gianotti, Francesca Barone, Danielle L Taneyo Saa, Maria L Bacci, Domenico Ventrella, Monica Forni
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of oral iron supplementation, in the form of fortified breads, on the growth performance, health, iron status parameters, and fecal metabolome of anemic piglets. A study was conducted on 24 hybrid (Large White × Landrace × Duroc) piglets. From day 44, the post-natal 12 piglets were supplemented with 100 g of one of two experimental breads, each fortified with 21 mg of ferrous sulphate, either encapsulated or not. After one week of oral supplementation, hematological parameters (hematocrit value, hemoglobin, and red blood cells) showed statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335119/outcomes-of-below-the-knee-endovascular-interventions
#8
Adam Oxios, Ali Malik, Brandon Olivieri, Timothy Yates, Robert Beasley, Joshua Unger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335059/retrospective-evaluation-of-percutaneous-access-for-tevar-and-evar-time-to-make-it-the-standard-approach
#9
Rohit Philip Thomas, Tobias Kowald, Bernhard Schmuck, Osama Eldergash, Andreas Klausen, Valentin Dikov, Jerry Easo, Ajay Chavan
Introduction To evaluate the safety of percutaneous endovascular aortic repair and the relationship of access site characteristics to complications Materials and Methods All patients undergoing percutaneous TEVAR, EVAR and FEVAR procedures from January 2010 to May 2016 were retrospectively analysed for incidence of complications and their relationship to various access site characteristics like access artery size, degree of vessel calcification, skin to artery distance and sheath to artery ratio. Hemostasis occurring within 15 min after suture closure with or without manual compression was defined as primary hemostasis...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335057/white-paper-curriculum-in-interventional-radiology
#10
Andreas H Mahnken, Arno Bücker, Christian Hohl, Ansgar Berlis
Purpose Scope and clinical importance of interventional radiology markedly evolved over the last decades. Consequently it was acknowledged as independent subspecialty by the "European Union of Medical Specialists" (UEMS). Based on radiological imaging techniques Interventional Radiology is an integral part of Radiology. Materials und Methods In 2009 the German Society for Interventional Radiology and minimally-invasive therapy (DeGIR) developed a structured training in Interventional Radiology. In cooperation with the German Society of Neuroradiology (DGNR) this training was extended to also cover Interventional Neuroradiology in 2012...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#11
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335015/the-synaptic-function-of-parkin
#12
Jenny Sassone, GiuliaMaia Serratto, Flavia Valtorta, Vincenzo Silani, Maria Passafaro, Andrea Ciammola
Loss of function mutations in the gene PARK2, which encodes the protein parkin, cause autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism, a neurodegenerative disease characterized by degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons localized in the substantia nigra pars compacta. No therapy is effective in slowing disease progression mostly because the pathogenesis of the disease is yet to be understood. From accruing evidence suggesting that the protein parkin directly regulates synapses it can be hypothesized that PARK2 gene mutations lead to early synaptic damage that results in dopaminergic neuron loss over time...
February 23, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335014/impact-of-high-intensity-polio-eradication-activities-on-children-s-routine-immunization-status-in-northern-india
#13
Marco J Haenssgen
The objective of this article is to analyse and quantify the side effects of the Polio Eradication Initiative on routine immunization performance in India. Past studies have faced methodological challenges in assessing these side effects. This article offers a methodological alternative for health policy analysts. The research uses secondary household survey data from the Indian District-Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS), focusing on children aged 10-30 months in the Northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh (n = 34 327) and Bihar (n = 20 525)...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334999/rewiring-the-primary-somatosensory-cortex-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-with-acupuncture
#14
Yumi Maeda, Hyungjun Kim, Norman Kettner, Jieun Kim, Stephen Cina, Cristina Malatesta, Jessica Gerber, Claire McManus, Rebecca Ong-Sutherland, Pia Mezzacappa, Alexandra Libby, Ishtiaq Mawla, Leslie R Morse, Ted J Kaptchuk, Joseph Audette, Vitaly Napadow
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, affecting the median nerve at the wrist. Acupuncture is a minimally-invasive and conservative therapeutic option, and while rooted in a complex practice ritual, acupuncture overlaps significantly with many conventional peripherally-focused neuromodulatory therapies. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms by which acupuncture impacts accepted subjective/psychological and objective/physiological outcomes are not well understood. Eligible patients (n = 80, 65 female, age: 49...
March 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334996/amelogenesis-imperfecta-caused-by-n-terminal-enamelin-point-mutations-in-mice-and-men-is-driven-by-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#15
Steven J Brookes, Martin J Barron, Claire E L Smith, James A Poulter, Alan J Mighell, Chris F Inglehearn, Catriona J Brown, Helen Rodd, Jennifer Kirkham, Michael J Dixon
"Amelogenesis imperfecta" (AI) describes a group of inherited diseases of dental enamel that have major clinical impact. Here, we identify the aetiology driving AI in mice carrying a p.S55I mutation in enamelin; one of the most commonly mutated proteins underlying AI in humans. Our data indicate that the mutation inhibits the ameloblast secretory pathway leading to ER stress and an activated unfolded protein response (UPR). Initially, with the support of the UPR acting in pro-survival mode, Enamp.S55I heterozygous mice secreted structurally normal enamel...
March 11, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334979/the-effectiveness-of-optimised-clinical-medication-reviews-for-geriatric-patients-opti-med-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Floor Willeboordse, François G Schellevis, Sek Hung Chau, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Petra J M Elders
Background.: Inappropriate drug use is a frequent problem in older patients and associated with adverse clinical outcomes and an important determinant of geriatric problems. Clinical medication reviews (CMR) may reduce inappropriate drug use. Objective.: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of CMR on quality of life (QoL) and geriatric problems in comparison with usual care in older patients with geriatric problems in the general practice. Methods...
February 23, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334958/self-help-materials-for-smoking-relapse-prevention-a-process-evaluation-of-the-sharpish-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Caitlin Notley, Annie Blyth, Vivienne Maskrey, Babu Karavadra, Tracey Brown, Richard Holland, Max O Bachmann, Thomas H Brandon, Fujian Song
Background: UK Stop Smoking Services are effective at assisting smokers to quit. However, smoking relapse rates are high, representing a significant public health problem. No effective interventions are currently available. This embedded qualitative process evaluation, within a randomized controlled trial of a self-help smoking relapse prevention intervention, aimed to understand patient perspectives in explaining the null trial finding, and to make recommendations for intervention development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334926/can-memory-assessment-services-mas-in-england-be-categorized-a-national-survey
#18
T Chrysanthaki, B Fernandes, S Smith, N Black
Background: The effectiveness and efficiency of memory assessment services (MASs) is unknown. Our aim was to determine if a typology can be constructed, based on shared structural and process characteristics, as a basis for a non-randomized evaluation of their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Methods: Survey of random sample of 73 MASs in 2015; comparison of characteristics and investigation of inter-correlation. Results: It was not possible to group characteristics to form the basis of a typology of MASs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334917/late-onset-cystic-brain-necrosis-after-radiotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#19
Wenli Fang, Beibei Gu, Xiuna Jing, Songhua Xiao, Shengnuo Fan, Wang Liao, Yuqiu Zheng, Jun Liu
Background: Cystic brain radionecrosis (CBRN) is a late-onset devastating complication after radiotherapy for head and neck neoplasms, especially for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). To our knowledge, it has scarcely been reported. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all available medical records of NPC patients with CBRN who were treated with surgical intervention. Results: Sixteen patients were identified in this study and the mean latency of CBRN was 9...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334915/salience-and-default-mode-network-dysregulation-in-chronic-cocaine-users-predict-treatment-outcome
#20
Xiujuan Geng, Yuzheng Hu, Hong Gu, Betty Jo Salmeron, Bryon Adinoff, Elliot A Stein, Yihong Yang
While chronic cocaine use is associated with abnormalities in both brain structure and function within and interactions between regions, previous studies have been limited to interrogating structure and function independently, and the detected neural differences have not been applied to independent samples to assess the clinical relevance of results. We investigated consequences of structural differences on resting-state functional connectivity in cocaine addiction and tested whether resting-state functional connectivity of the identified circuits predict relapse in an independent cohort...
February 20, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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