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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679404/paranasal-sinus-cysts-in-the-horse-complications-related-to-their-presence-and-surgical-treatment-in-37-cases
#1
M F Fenner, D Verwilghen, N Townsend, H Simhofer, J Schwarzer, D D Zani, A Bienert-Zeit
BACKGROUND: Paranasal sinus cysts (PSC) are a common cause of equine secondary sinusitis. The outcome and associated complications have not been frequently reported. OBJECTIVES: To review the associated clinical signs, associated morbidities and outcomes of horses treated for PSC. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicentre case series. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records and telephone follow up survey. RESULTS: Subjects were 37 horses 1 to 24 years old that were presented with nasal discharge (n = 31), facial swelling (n = 25) and epiphora (n = 19)...
April 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679001/nonaneurysmal-perimesencephalic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-as-an-atypical-initial-presentation-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-a-case-report
#2
Roaa R Amer, Eman A Bakhsh
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage is rarely the first presentation of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. This case study emphasizes the presentation of perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage due to cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and the importance of neurovascular imaging for reliable diagnosis of nonaneurysmal perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage due to cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. CASE REPORT We describe a case of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis manifesting initially as subarachnoid hemorrhage...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678716/surgical-management-of-medial-tentorial-meningioma-falcotentorial-and-torcular
#3
Andrea Talacchi, Antonio Biroli, Aurel Hasanbelliu, Francesca Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Falcotentorial meningiomas (FTM) stand out for their rarity, inconsistent definition, and surgical complexity. It is appropriate to deal with them in the context of medial tentorial meningiomas (MTM). METHODS: Clinical and radiological characteristics of MTM, comprising the typical features of FTM and tentorial meningioma (TM) along with surgical management, short- and long-term outcomes, are reported . RESULTS: FTM (n=16) were typically supratentorial, large, edematous tumors that caused mainly headache and hemianopia; TM (n=12) were infratentorial, smaller not edematous tumors that caused mainly headache and gait ataxia...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678528/endocrine-remission-after-pituitary-stereotactic-radiosurgery-differences-in-rates-of-response-for-matched-cohorts-of-cushing-disease-and-acromegaly-patients
#4
Daniel M Trifiletti, Zhiyuan Xu, Sunil W Dutta, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Jennifer Peterson, Mary Lee Vance, Jason P Sheehan
PURPOSE: To compare and describe the time to endocrine remission and new hypopituitarism among patients with growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas after radiosurgery, controlling for several known prognostic factors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An institutional review board-approved, institutional retrospective analysis of patients with GH- and ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas was performed, with matching for patient sex, age at radiosurgery, interval between the last resection and radiosurgery, use of previous radiation therapy, whole sella treatment, suprasellar extension, cavernous sinus invasion, and margin dose...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678484/chronic-respiratory-rhinitis
#5
R Jankowski, P Gallet, D T Nguyen, C Rumeau
The clinical distinction of chronic respiratory rhinitis appears to confirm the evo-devo theory of the three noses. The authors report two cases of advanced allergic rhinitis, in which chronic inflammation had induced a violaceous colour of the mucosa of the respiratory nose and a whitish polypoid appearance of the free edge of the middle turbinate. Nose and paranasal sinus CT scan revealed, beyond the virtual nasal cavities observed on nasal endoscopy and CT imaging, normal radiolucency or only minor opacities of the ethmoid (i...
April 17, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677226/clinical-outcomes-of-bicortical-engagement-implants-in-atrophic-posterior-maxillae-a-retrospective-study-with-1-to-5-years-follow-up
#6
Piklam Ng, Xiucheng Hu, Shuangquan Wan, Hui Mo, Feilong Deng
Bicortical dental implantation technique was regarded as an alternative to internal sinus lift technique with bone grafting in dental implantation in atrophic maxillae. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival rates and bone stability of 6- and 10-mm implants in the posterior maxilla using bicortical dental implantation techniques after 1 to 5 years of prosthetic loading. A total of 53 patients received posterior maxillary implant treatments. Of these, 31 patients received bicortical dental implantation (group A), and 25 patients received traditional implantation (group B)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677032/landiolol-hydrochloride-rapidly-controls-junctional-ectopic-tachycardia-after-pediatric-heart-surgery
#7
Fumiya Yoneyama, Chiho Tokunaga, Hideyuki Kato, Tomomi Nakajima, Bryan J Mathis, Hiroaki Sakamoto, Yuji Hiramatsu
OBJECTIVES: Junctional ectopic tachycardia is a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia with atrioventricular dissociation that causes life-threatening postsurgical conditions in pediatric heart patients. This study evaluates the efficacy of landiolol hydrochloride for managing junctional ectopic tachycardia. DESIGN: A single-center retrospective study. SETTING: PICU at the university hospital. PATIENTS: Of 561 pediatric patients who underwent open-heart surgery between 2006 and 2017, 10 patients developed sustained junctional ectopic tachycardia and were selected for landiolol treatment...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676185/blood-eosinophil-and-basophil-values-before-and-after-surgery-for-eosinophilic-type-sinonasal-polyps
#8
Giuseppe Brescia, Daniela Parrino, Claudia Zanotti, Giulia Tealdo, Umberto Barion, Paolo Sfriso, Gino Marioni
Background Blood eosinophil and basophil levels have recently been considered for the purpose of endotyping chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Histologically, eosinophilic-type CRSwNPs have been associated with high recurrence rates after treatment. Objective The present study was the first to compare blood eosinophil and basophil counts in eosinophilic-type CRSwNP patients before and after endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods The study concerned 79 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed eosinophilic-type CRSwNP treated with endoscopic sinus surgery...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675752/preliminary-report-on-endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-series
#9
Alessio Pini Prato, Cinzia Mazzola, Girolamo Mattioli, Maria Escolino, Ciro Esposito, Antonio D'Alessio, Laura Caterina Abati, Lorenzo Leonelli, Claudio Carlini, Franco Rotundi, Pier Carlo Meinero
BACKGROUND: Pilonidal disease is a troublesome acquired condition for whom various surgical treatments have been proposed with relatively high recurrence and complication rates. Since EPSiT technique has been described in 2013, it became an alternative treatment in adult practice. Our study reports the results of a multicentre series of pediatric patients who underwent EPSiT procedure over a 21-month period. METHODS: Between July 2015 and March 2017, all consecutive patients undergoing EPSiT in four different pediatric surgical units have been enrolled...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674196/clinical-and-imaging-profile-of-patients-with-new-onset-seizures-a-presumptive-diagnosis-of-eclampsia-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Vandana Bojja, Anish Keepanasseril, Pradeep P Nair, V C Sunitha
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and imaging profile of patients with new-onset seizures with a presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, on pregnant women presenting with new onset seizures with presumptive diagnosis of eclampsia excluding those with pre-existing neurological conditions. Demographic details, medical and obstetric examination findings were noted. All women underwent neuroimaging within 5 days of onset seizures...
February 25, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673511/coronary-sinus-reducer-implantation-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-refractory-angina-a-single-center-experience
#11
Francesco Giannini, Luca Baldetti, Francesco Ponticelli, Neil Ruparelia, Satoru Mitomo, Azeem Latib, Matteo Montorfano, Richard J Jabbour, Andrea Aurelio, Luca Ferri, Antonio Mangieri, Damiano Regazzoli, Marco Ancona, Matteo Pagnesi, Alessia Faccini, Alaide Chieffo, Lorenzo Azzalini, Mauro Carlino, Antonio Colombo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the Reducer in a real-world cohort of patients presenting with refractory angina. BACKGROUND: The coronary sinus Reducer is a novel device to aid in the management of patients with severe angina symptoms refractory to optimal medical therapy and not amenable to further revascularization. METHODS: Fifty patients with refractory angina and objective evidence of myocardial ischemia who were judged unsuitable for revascularization were treated with coronary sinus Reducer implantation at a single center between March 2015 and August 2016...
April 23, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673431/the-aeromedical-management-of-allergic-rhinitis
#12
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Charles Reese, Alaistair Bushby, Berit H Munkeby, Sébastien Coste, Višnja Livajić Pezer, Lars Rosenkvist
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis is a prevalent condition warranting special aeromedical consideration due to its potential for acute and painful manifestations involving the middle ear or paranasal sinuses during rapid barometric pressure changes. Although second generation antihistamines and intranasal steroids are safe and effective treatments for this common condition, aeromedical management varies. METHODS: An aeromedical policy review of 14 public access civil and military data repositories was undertaken...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673358/contribution-of-tlr4-signaling-in-intermittent-hypoxia-mediated-atherosclerosis-progression
#13
Xianqin Zeng, Rong Guo, Mei Dong, Julia Zheng, Huili Lin, Huixia Lu
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia (IH), a typical character of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is related to atherogenesis. However, the role of IH on atherosclerosis (AS) progression and the mechanisms involved remains poorly understood. METHODS: In the present study, high-fat fed ApoE-/- mice were treated with recombinant shRNA-TLR4 lentivirus and exposed to IH. Atherosclerotic lesions on the en face aorta and cross-sections of aortic root were examined by Oil-Red O staining...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670791/self-resolution-of-a-draining-sinus-tract-in-a-patient-with-chronic-periprosthetic-hip-infection
#14
Trevor J Shelton, Alton W Skaggs, Gavin C Pereira
We report a novel case of a patient who had a draining sinus soon after a total hip arthroplasty that spontaneously resolved. The patient voluntarily discontinued antibiotic suppressive therapy (AST) after 10 years of treatment and paradoxically experienced full resolution of signs of chronic prosthetic joint infection (PJI), including recovery of his left-sided draining sinus tract. Now 8 years after discontinuing AST, the patient has no pain, good function, and no major or minor criteria of joint infection according to the Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) workgroup...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670379/assessment-of-an-accessorized-pre-filled-syringe-for-home-administered-benralizumab-in-severe-asthma
#15
Gary T Ferguson, Adel H Mansur, Joshua S Jacobs, Jacques Hebert, Corbin Clawson, Wenli Tao, Yanping Wu, Mitchell Goldman
Background: Patients prefer at-home subcutaneous administration of biologics across different diseases, yet no biologic is approved for at-home use for severe, uncontrolled asthma. Objective: We assessed at-home functionality, reliability, and performance of an accessorized pre-filled syringe (APFS) for subcutaneous benralizumab administration, an anti-eosinophil monoclonal antibody indicated for add-on maintenance treatment of patients with severe eosinophilic asthma...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670116/association-between-radiological-parameters-and-clinical-and-molecular-characteristics-in-human-somatotropinomas
#16
María R Alhambra-Expósito, Alejandro Ibáñez-Costa, Paloma Moreno-Moreno, Esther Rivero-Cortés, Mari C Vázquez-Borrego, Cristóbal Blanco-Acevedo, Álvaro Toledano-Delgado, María S Lombardo-Galera, Juan A Vallejo-Casas, Manuel D Gahete, Justo P Castaño, María A Gálvez, Raúl M Luque
Acromegaly is a rare but severe disease, originated in 95% of cases by a growth hormone-secreting adenoma (somatotropinoma) in the pituitary. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive technique used for the diagnosis and prognosis of pituitary tumours. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of T2-weighted signal intensity at MRI could help to improve the characterisation of somatotropinomas, by analysing its relationship with clinical/molecular features. An observational study was implemented in a cohort of 22 patients (mean age = 42...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669783/vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-ameliorates-acute-myocarditis-and-atherosclerosis-by-regulating-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-responses
#17
Raquel Benitez, Virginia Delgado-Maroto, Marta Caro, Irene Forte-Lago, Mario Duran-Prado, Francisco O'Valle, Andrew H Lichtman, Elena Gonzalez-Rey, Mario Delgado
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neuropeptide that exerts various vascular and cardioprotective functions and regulates immune function and inflammatory response at multiple levels. However, its role in inflammatory cardiovascular disorders is largely unknown. Myocarditis and atherosclerosis are two inflammatory and autoimmune cardiovascular diseases that cause important adverse circulatory events. In this study, we investigate the therapeutic effects of VIP in various well-established preclinical models of experimental autoimmune myocarditis and atherosclerosis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668894/endoscopic-treatment-of-ileal-pouch-sinus
#18
Nan Lan, Bo Shen
Background and aims: Pouch sinus is a serious complication in patients undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy and safety of endoscopic needle knife sinusotomy (NKSi) in the management of pouch sinus. Methods: All consecutive patients with a pouch sinus treated with NKSi from 2008 to 2016 were identified. The primary outcomes were complete healing of the sinus and pouch survival. Results: A total of 109 patients were included...
April 12, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668629/asymptomatic-intrathyroidal-pyriform-sinus-fistula-mimicking-thyroid-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Soo Chin Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Jae-Kyung Won, Eun Jae Chung
RATIONALE: There have been many reports of non-thyroidal lesions which can be mistaken for thyroidal lesions on ultrasound (US) examination. However, it is not known that pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) can manifest as an incidental thyroid nodule and cause serious complication on fine-needle aspiration (FNA). PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 34-year-old man with PSF incidentally detected on US. US examination showed hypoechoic nodule with several bright echogenic spots at the uppermost part of left thyroid gland...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668616/lung-metastases-from-intracranial-bleeding-meningioma-a-case-report
#20
Su Hu, Yaqi Zhang, Yue Sun, Yang Yu, Jia Wang, Hui Dai, Feng Sun, Chunhong Hu
RATIONALE: Meningioma is slow-growing benign neoplasm that derived from the meningothelial cells of the arachnoid mater, and it is the most common type of primary brain tumor. Although cases of extracranial metastatic meningioma have been reported previously, few cases have reported the concurrent occurrence of primary meningioma with intratumoral bleeding and lung metastases. Here we report a case of meningioma with concurrent intratumoral bleeding and lung metastases. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted to our hospital with sudden left limb paralysis combined with complaints of headache and dizziness...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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