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water apple

Javier González-Sálamo, Javier Hernández-Borges, María Del Mar Afonso, Miguel Á Rodríguez-Delgado
A micro-dispersive solid-phase extraction method has been developed using multi-walled carbon nanotubes of 110-170 nm diameter and 5-9 μm length for the extraction of a group of nine phthalic acid esters (i.e. bis(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate, bis-2-ethoxyethyl phthalate, dipropyl phthalate, butylbenzyl phthalate, bis-2-n-butoxyethyl phthalate, bis-isopentyl phthalate, bis-n-pentyl phthalate, dicyclohexyl phthalate, di-n-octyl phthalate) from tap water as well as different beverages commercialized in plastic bottles (mineral water, lemon flavoured and apple flavoured mineral water, and an isotonic drink)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Shraboni Mukherjee, Sujata Dutta, Sourjya Ray, Gopinath Halder
The present study aims towards fluoride remediation from synthetic water using steam-activated carbon of Aegle marmelos (bael shell/wood apple) (BAC) and Parthenium hysterophorus (PHAC) according to batch sorption techniques. The impact of different parametric conditions viz. initial fluoride concentration (4-12 mg/L), time (0-5 h), temperature (293.15-333.15 K), adsorbent dosage (4-14 g/L), pH (4-9), and RPM (150-350) were considered for both the adsorbents. Maximum defluoridation of 89% was achieved by BAC at a concentration of 10 mg/L, adsorbent dose 6 g/L, pH 5, temperature 313...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Anna Dawiec-Liśniewska, Antoni Szumny, Daria Podstawczyk, Anna Witek-Krowiak
The first article of a two-article series presents pervaporation (PV) of volatile aroma compounds from fruit juice hydrolates (plum, apple, blackcurrant and cherry). The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of fruit juice hydrolates separation on a laboratory scale (inert gas flow pervaporation system) and semi-technical (vacuum pervaporation system) by means of pervaporation. To create precise matrices for hydrolates before and after pervaporation for each of the separated systems, solid phase microextraction (SPME) technique and the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was applied...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Nana Sun, Yuan Ding, Zhexuan Tao, Hongjie You, Xiude Hua, Minghua Wang
An upconversion fluorescence DNA probe which consists of aptamer-conjugated magnet nanoparticles (apt-MNPs) and complementary DNA-conjugated upconversion nanoparticles (cDNA-UCNPs) was developed to detect acetamiprid. Acetamiprid can specifically conjugate with the apt-MNPs to dissociate the cDNA-UCNPs from the apt-MNPs and resulted in reduced fluorescence intensity through an external magnet. The change of fluorescence intensity (△I) is positively related to the concentration of acetamiprid, which can be applied for the quantification of acetamiprid...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Poonam Singha, Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan
Response surface methodology was used to investigate the single screw extrusion of apple pomace-defatted soy flour-corn grits blends and the product properties. Five different blends at a level of 0-20% w/w apple pomace were extrusion cooked with varied barrel and die temperature (100-140℃), screw speed (100-200 rpm), and feed moisture content (14-20% wet basis). Increasing apple pomace content in the blends significantly ( P < 0.05) increased the bulk density, the total phenolic content, and the antioxidant activity of the extrudates...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
Menghua Wang, Howard R Gordon
We analyze the effects of the sensor signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) requirements for atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color remote sensing using the near-infrared (NIR) and shortwave infrared (SWIR) bands. Using the Gaussian noise model for the sensor noise distribution in the NIR and SWIR bands, some extensive simulations have been carried out to evaluate and assess the effects of sensor NIR and SWIR SNR values on the retrieved normalized water-leaving reflectance spectra ρwN(λ), which are used to derive all ocean or inland water biological and biogeochemical property data...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Vicha Treeaporn, Mark A Neifeld
Non-destructive testing (NDT) by x-ray imaging is commonly used for finding manufacturing defects, cargo inspection, or security screening. These tasks can be regarded as examples of a detection problem where a target is either present or not. Task-specific information (TSI) [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24, B25 (2007)JOAOD60740-323210.1364/JOSAA.24.000B25; Appl. Opt.47, 4457 (2008)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.47.004457] bounds, an information-theoretic based metric, are presented for a threat detection task. A system using polychromatic x-ray pencil beam object illumination and energy-resolving detectors for both absorption and diffraction measurements is employed for this task...
March 20, 2018: Applied Optics
Jie Liu, Wenhui Lu, Rong Cui, Xiyan Sun, Jinhua Li, Lingxin Chen
A method was established for the simultaneous separation and determination of one organophosphorus and three carbamate insecticide residues in food and water samples by solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by analysis using a home-made capillary liquid chromatogram. Various parameters possibly affecting the efficiencies of capillary liquid chromatography (CLC) and SPE were investigated in detail, such as type of SPE column, pH value of samples, type and volume of elution solvent, flow rate of loading sample, salt effect, loading volume, detection wavelength, and type and ratio of mobile phases...
January 8, 2018: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Pedro Luiz Menin Ruiz, Bianca Andrade Handan, Carolina Foot Gomes de Moura, Livia Ribeiro Assis, Kelly Rossetti Fernandes, Ana Claudia Muniz Renno, Daniel Araki Ribeiro
The aim of this study was to investigate if grape or apple juices are able to protect bone tissue of rats exposed to cadmium. For this purpose, histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry for RUNX-2 and RANK-L were investigated in this setting. A total of 20 adult Wistar rats were distributed into four groups (n = 5), as follows: control group, cadmium group, cadmium and grape juice group, and Cadmium and apple juice group. Control group received a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) water injection. Cadmium group received a single i...
March 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Viviane Machado Azevedo, Marali Vilela Dias, Heloisa Helena de Siqueira Elias, Katia Lumi Fukushima, Eric Keven Silva, João de Deus Souza Carneiro, Nilda de Fátima Ferreira Soares, Soraia Vilela Borges
The objective of this paper was to evaluate the effect of bioactive whey protein isolate/montmorillonite films containing citric acid on the inhibition of enzymatic browning and physicochemical properties in minimally processed apples. Whey protein isolate films incorporated with montmorillonite (3 g/100 g) and citric acid (5 and 10 g/100 g) were applied to the apples slices. All samples were packaged in polypropylene trays (14.6 cm × 11.4 cm × 6.5 cm) and stored at 5 ± 2 °C and 85 ± 3% RH for eight days...
May 2018: Food Research International
Ihsanul Khaliq, Giles E St J Hardy, Diane White, Treena I Burgess
Proper isolation and identification of Phytophthora species is critical due to their broad distribution and huge impact on natural ecosystems throughout the world. In this study, five different sites were sampled and seven methods were compared to determine the Phytophthora community. Three traditional isolation methods were conducted (1) soil baiting, (2) filtering of the bait water, and (3) isolation from field roots using Granny Smith apples. These were compared to four sources of eDNA used for metabarcoding using Phytophthora specific primers on (1) sieved field soil, (2) roots from field, (3) filtered baiting water, and (4) roots from bait plants grown in the glasshouse in soil collected from these sites...
March 20, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Asad Riaz, Shicheng Lei, Hafiz Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Pang Wan, Dan Chen, Saqib Jabbar, Muhammad Abid, Malik Muhammad Hashim, Xiaoxiong Zeng
In the present study, apple peel polyphenols (APP) were incorporated into chitosan (CS) to develop a novel functional film. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analyses were performed to study the structure, potential interaction and thermal stability of the prepared films. Physical properties including moisture content, density, color, opacity, water solubility, swelling ration and water vapor permeability were measured. The results revealed that addition of APP into CS significantly improved the physical properties of the film by increasing its thickness, density, solubility, opacity and swelling ratio whereas moisture content and water vapor permeability were decreased...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kaori Hanada, Takahiko Morotomi, Ayako Washio, Naomi Yada, Kou Matsuo, Hiroki Teshima, Kazuyoshi Yokota, Chiaki Kitamura
Direct pulp capping is an important procedure for preserving pulp viability. The pulp capping agent must possess several properties, including usability, biocompatibility, and the ability to induce reparative dentin formation. In this study, a novel bioactive glass-based cement was examined to determine whether the cement has the necessary properties to act as a direct pulp capping agent. Physicochemical properties of the bioactive glass-based cement and in vitro effects of the cement on odontoblast-like cells, as well as in vivo effects on the exposed dental pulp, were analyzed...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
T Pribic, H Vilaseca, A Nieto, L Hernandez, H Monrroy, C Malagelada, A Accarino, J Roca, F Azpiroz
BACKGROUND: Palatability of meals with identical composition has been shown to influence postprandial sensations. Our aim was to determine to what extent meal composition influences postprandial sensations independently of palatability. METHODS: Randomized, crossover, double-blind trial comparing the postprandial responses to a low-fat vs a high-fat test meal, with the same physical and organoleptic characteristics (taste, smell, texture, color, and temperature)...
March 25, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Niels J F De Baerdemaeker, Niek Hias, Jan Van den Bulcke, Wannes Keulemans, Kathy Steppe
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Recent research has highlighted the importance of living tissue in wood. Polyploidization can impact amounts and arrangements of living cells in wood, potentially leading to increased drought tolerance. Tetraploid variants were created from the apple cultivar Malus ×domestica 'Gala' (Gala-4x), and their vulnerability to drought-induced cavitation and their hydraulic capacitance were compared to those of their diploid predecessors (Gala-2x). Assuming a positive correlation between polyploidy and drought tolerance, we hypothesized lower vulnerability and higher capacitance for the tetraploid...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Botany
Muhamad Insanu, Zelika Mega Ramadhania, Evelyne Nadia Halim, Rika Hartati, Komar Ruslan Wirasutisna
Background: Syzygium aqueum Burm.f. Alston (water apple) belonging to Myrtaceae family was originated from tropical areas. It was traditionally used as a medicinal plant. Objective: The objective of the study was to isolate the active compound from the methanolic extract of S. aqueum leaves. Methods: Extraction was done using continuous extraction with methanol as a solvent. The extract was then fractionated using liquid-liquid extraction, vacuum liquid chromatography, and radial chromatography...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Research
Zihan An, Fengying Dai, Chenjie Wei, Yiping Zhao, Li Chen
Membrane surface design is significant for the development and application of synthetic polymer hemodialysis membranes. In this study, the influence of zwitterionic cysteine on poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane was investigated. The polydopamine layer was formed through dopamine self-polymerization on PVDF membrane surface, and then cysteine was covalent grafted onto the layer to improve the anti-biofouling property and hemocompatibility. The elementary composition of membrane surfaces was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Oksana V Bocharova, Sentyabrina P Reshta, Maiia Y Bocharova, Vasiliy I Eshtokin
BACKGROUND: Organoleptic properties, and positive health effect on consumers, both justify the importance of the determination of apple juice authenticity, in respect of retail and wholesale trade networks worldwide. RESULTS: Adulteration of apple juice through dilution with water, and with ascorbic acid has been determined. It has been demonstrated that polarization curves of platinum electrode (Pt) in apple juice are useful for undeclared antioxidant determination, due to the movement of the polarization curve to the left, by 200 mV, when ascorbic acid was added...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jacopo Agagliate, Ina Lefering, David McKee
A Mie-based forward modeling procedure was developed to reconstruct bulk inherent optical properties (IOPs) from particle size distributions (PSDs) and real refractive index distributions (PRIDs) obtained using a previously developed flow cytometric (FC) method [Appl. Opt.57, 1705 (2018)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.57.001705]. Given the available PSDs, extrapolations for the particle fraction outside the detection limits of the method and a complex refractive index input (with real part nr directly estimated and imaginary part ni adapted from the literature separately for organic and inorganic components), the model produces volume scattering functions that are integrated to produce scattering and backscattering coefficients, and absorption efficiencies that are used to calculate absorption coefficients...
March 10, 2018: Applied Optics
Amanda M O Dal Piva, Ronaldo L A Carvalho, Aline L Lima, Marco A Bottino, Renata M Melo, Luiz Felipe Valandro
This study evaluated the influence of silica coating, primer type and its heat treatment on bond strength durability between resin cement and an yttrium-stabilized polycrystalline tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP). Eighty (80) Y-TZP blocks were allocated into 16 groups considering four factors: silica coating (without and with); type of primer (RelyX Ceramic Primer, a silane-based primer; Single Bond Universal, a universal MDP-based primer); heat treatment of the primer (without and with); aging (without and with)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
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