keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acid-base guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436504/designing-co2-resistant-oxygen-selective-mixed-ionic-electronic-conducting-membranes-guidelines-recent-advances-and-forward-directions
#1
REVIEW
Chi Zhang, Jaka Sunarso, Shaomin Liu
CO2 resistance is an enabling property for the wide-scale implementation of oxygen-selective mixed ionic-electronic conducting (MIEC) membranes in clean energy technologies, i.e., oxyfuel combustion, clean coal energy delivery, and catalytic membrane reactors for greener chemical synthesis. The significant rise in the number of studies over the past decade and the major progress in CO2-resistant MIEC materials warrant systematic guidelines on this topic. To this end, this review features the pertaining aspects in addition to the recent status and advances of the two most promising membrane materials, perovskite and fluorite-based dual-phase materials...
April 24, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434436/treatment-options-for-gout
#2
Bettina Engel, Johannes Just, Markus Bleckwenn, Klaus Weckbecker
BACKGROUND: 1-2% of adults in Germany suffer from gout. Gout is one of the few rheumatological diseases that can be cured. It arises through the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints as a result of hyperuricemia. Painful redness and swelling of the affected joints are typical findings. Multiple pertinent guidelines and treatment recommendations have been published, but there is reason to believe that patients with gout are not always treated accordingly. METHODS: This review is based on relevant publications from the years 2000-2016 that were retrieved by a selective search in the Cochrane and PubMed databases...
March 31, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432428/tranexamic-acid-for-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-bleeding-and-hyperfibrinolysis
#3
Ingrid Pabinger, Dietmar Fries, Herbert Schöchl, Werner Streif, Wolfgang Toller
Uncontrolled massive bleeding with subsequent derangement of the coagulation system is a major challenge in the management of both surgical and seriously injured patients. Under physiological conditions activators and inhibitors of coagulation regulate the sensitive balance between clot formation and fibrinolysis. In some cases, excessive and diffuse bleeding is caused by systemic activation of fibrinolysis, i. e. hyperfibrinolysis (HF). Uncontrolled HF is associated with a high mortality. Polytrauma patients and those undergoing surgical procedures involving organs rich in plasminogen proactivators (e...
April 21, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428699/putative-role-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-among-poorly-controlled-asthmatics-in-south-indian-population
#4
Murugaiyan Sathish Babu, K P Sreesoorya, Surendra K Menon, Subiman Saha, A R Srinivasan, S Arul Vijaya Vani, R Reeta, V Kuzhandai Velu
Mortality and morbidity attributed to asthma remains to be the biggest nightmare worldwide. Hence, the study was aimed to compare the cardio metabolic risk factors as assessed by Body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), serum triacylglycerol and uric acid in well controlled and poorly controlled asthmatics and to correlate these parameters with the severity of asthma. A case control study was conducted on 90 subjects who were segregated into well controlled asthmatics (n = 30) and poorly controlled asthmatics (n = 30) who were diagnosed based on Global initiative for Asthma management guidelines and healthy volunteers (n = 30)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427765/easl-clinical-practice-guidelines-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#5
Gideon M Hirschfield, Ulrich Beuers, Christophe Corpechot, Pietro Invernizzi, David Jones, Marco Marzioni, Christoph Schramm
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune cholestatic liver disease, which when untreated will culminate in end-stage biliary cirrhosis. Diagnosis is usually based on the presence of serum liver tests indicative of a cholestatic hepatitis in association with circulating antimitochondrial antibodies. Patient presentation and course can be diverse and risk stratification is important to ensure all patients receive a personalised approach to their care. The goals of treatment and management are the prevention of end-stage liver disease, and the amelioration of associated symptoms...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414686/severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-cases-meeting-guidelines-among-patients-in-a-university-hospital-setting
#6
J A Charrier, C L Steen, E Borrero
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock has been shown to significantly increase mortality rate independent of other factors. Research has revealed all cause hospital case fatality rates have declined yet the percentage of severe sepsis cases continues to increase and age-adjusted mortality rates from severe sepsis and septic shock has significantly increased during the same time period. Patients with severe sepsis demonstrate ongoing mortality rate increases for up to 2 years following hospitalization when compared to aged matched controls of nonseptic patients...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413579/metabolic-recovery-of-the-failing-heart-emerging-therapeutic-options
#7
Dale J Hamilton
Heart failure has mortality rates that parallel those of breast cancer. Current management strategies include neurohormonal blockade, rate control measures, natriuretic peptide preservation, implantation of mechanical assist devices, and heart transplantation. Despite these strategies, however, the failing myocardium remains energy depleted. New strategies to promote metabolic recovery are being developed to potentially augment current treatment guidelines. For example, an unexpected finding of our own studies showed that mechanical unloading with assist devices in advanced-stage heart failure restored metabolic flux...
January 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406489/consensus-recommendation-for-a-diagnostic-guideline-for-acid-sphingomyelinase-deficiency
#8
Margaret M McGovern, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Roberto Giugliani, Paul Hwu, Olivier Lidove, Zoltan Lukacs, Karl Eugen Mengel, Pramod K Mistry, Edward H Schuchman, Melissa P Wasserstein
Disclaimer:This diagnostic guideline is intended as an educational resource and represents the opinions of the authors, and is not representative of recommendations or policy of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). The information should be considered a consensus based on expert opinion, as more comprehensive levels of evidence were not available in the literature in all cases. BACKGROUND: Acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD) is a rare, progressive, and often fatal lysosomal storage disease...
April 13, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404833/evaluation-of-simulation-models-that-estimate-the-effect-of-dietary-strategies-on-nutritional-intake-a-systematic-review
#9
Jessica A Grieger, Brittany J Johnson, Thomas P Wycherley, Rebecca K Golley
Background: Dietary simulation modeling can predict dietary strategies that may improve nutritional or health outcomes.Objectives: The study aims were to undertake a systematic review of simulation studies that model dietary strategies aiming to improve nutritional intake, body weight, and related chronic disease, and to assess the methodologic and reporting quality of these models.Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guided the search strategy with studies located through electronic searches [Cochrane Library, Ovid (MEDLINE and Embase), EBSCOhost (CINAHL), and Scopus]...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398969/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-pain-and-self-report-function-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-best-evidence-synthesis
#10
Zhongwei Xu, Jiao Luo, Xiao Huang, Bin Wang, Jian Zhang, Aiguo Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in pain and self-report function of patients with knee osteoarthritis on the basis of comparisons with hyaluronic acid or placebo. DESIGN: Best-evidence synthesis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted. Literature retrieval was limited to RCTs assessing the efficacy of PRP in knee osteoarthritis. Methodology evaluation and data extraction were based on Cochrane Collaboration guidelines...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388055/development-and-validation-of-ion-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-based-method-for-the-multiresidue-determination-of-polar-ionic-pesticides-in-food
#11
Stuart Adams, Jonathan Guest, Michael Dickinson, Richard J Fussell, Jonathan Beck, Frans Schoutsen
An extraction method using acidified methanol based on the quick polar pesticide (QuPPe) method using suppressed ion chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the direct analysis of polar pesticides, without the need for derivatization or ion pairing, in cereals and grapes. The method was robust, and results for glyphosate, aminomethyl phosphonic acid (AMPA), N-acetyl-AMPA, glufosinate, 3-methylphosphinicopropionic acid (3-MPPA), N-acetyl glufosinate, ethephon, chlorate, perchlorate, fosetyl aluminum, and phosphonic acid at three concentration levels (typically 0...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383657/lc-ms-ms-determination-of-empagliflozin-and-metformin
#12
Bassam M Ayoub, Shereen Mowaka
A new LC-MS/MS method was developed for determination of empagliflozin and metformin. Bridged Ethylene Hybrid C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm), isocratic elution based on 0.1% aqueous formic acid:acetonitrile (75:25, v/v) as a mobile phase, column temperature at 55°C and flow rate at 0.2 mL min-1 were used. The mass spectrometer was operated under multiple reaction monitoring mode using electrospray ionization by monitoring the transition pairs (precursor to product ion) of m/z 451.04-71.07 for empagliflozin and m/z 130...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379964/body-weight-affects-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-pufa-accumulation-in-youth-following-supplementation-in-post-hoc-analyses-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Lisa M Christian, Andrea S Young, Amanda M Mitchell, Martha A Belury, Barbara L Gracious, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
Guidelines for suggested intake of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are limited in youth and rely primarily on age. However, body weight varies considerably within age classifications. The current analyses examined effects of body weight and body mass index (BMI) on fatty acid accumulation in 64 youth (7-14 years) with a diagnosed mood disorder in a double-blind randomized-controlled trial (2000mg ω-3 supplements or a control capsule) across 12 weeks. Weight and height were measured at the first study visit and EPA and DHA levels were determined using fasting blood samples obtained at both the first and end-of-study visits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371434/insights-into-the-influence-of-work-functions-of-cathodes-on-efficiencies-of-perovskite-solar-cells
#14
Shizhong Yue, Shudi Lu, Kuankuan Ren, Kong Liu, Muhammad Azam, Dawei Cao, Zhijie Wang, Yong Lei, Shengchun Qu, Zhanguo Wang
Though various efforts on modification of electrodes are still undertaken to improve the efficiency of perovskite solar cells, attributing to the large scope of these methods, it is of significance to unveil the working principle systematically. Herein, inverted perovskite solar cells based on indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/CH3 NH3 PbI3 /phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61 BM)/buffer metal/Al are constructed. Through the choice of different buffer metals to tune work function of the cathode, the contact nature of the active layer with the cathode could be manipulated well...
March 30, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365882/proteus-a-random-forest-classifier-to-predict-disorder-to-order-transitioning-binding-regions-in-intrinsically-disordered-proteins
#15
Sankar Basu, Fredrik Söderquist, Björn Wallner
The focus of the computational structural biology community has taken a dramatic shift over the past one-and-a-half decades from the classical protein structure prediction problem to the possible understanding of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDP) or proteins containing regions of disorder (IDPR). The current interest lies in the unraveling of a disorder-to-order transitioning code embedded in the amino acid sequences of IDPs/IDPRs. Disordered proteins are characterized by an enormous amount of structural plasticity which makes them promiscuous in binding to different partners, multi-functional in cellular activity and atypical in folding energy landscapes resembling partially folded molten globules...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364412/the-validation-and-evaluation-of-anti-hiv-testing-algorithm-used-in-mobile-clinic-setting-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-metropolitan-bangkok-thailand
#16
Tippawan Pankam, Sarun Saensiriphan, Suphackok Areeyolwattana, Napapat Barisri, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Sunee Sirivichayakul, Nittaya Phanuphak, Praphan Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: Same-day anti-HIV testing algorithm is recommended by Thai National Guidelines. We compared performance characteristics of algorithms used in a mobile clinic and a facility-based clinic for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bangkok. METHODS: Mobile clinic samples collected from 4 saunas and 2 spa venues were tested by Alere DetermineTM HIV 1/2, followed by DoubleCheck GoldTM Ultra HIV 1/2 and SD Bioline HIV 1/2 3.0. All samples were re-tested at the Thai Red Cross Anonymous Clinic (TRCAC) by Architect HIV Ag/Ab or Elecsys HIV combi PT, followed by Alere DetermineTM HIV 1/2 and Serodia HIV 1/2...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340950/pharmacokinetics-and-bioavailability-of-oral-single-dose-maleic-acid-in-biofluids-of-sprague-dawley-rats
#17
Charlene Wu, Hsin-Chang Chen, Yu-Syuan Luo, Su-Yin Chiang, Kuen-Yuh Wu
Maleic acid (MA) was purposefully adulterated in an array of starch-based foods in Taiwan, inciting a food safety incident. Due to limited data on the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of ingested MA, we studied pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters in serum and urine of Sprague Dawley rats. Three groups of male and female rats were given three doses of MA by oral gavage; biofluid samples were collected accordingly. Data demonstrated that a non-compartment model best described MA's linear kinetic behavior upon ingestion...
December 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340788/rapid-identification-and-desorption-mechanisms-of-nitrogen-based-explosives-by-ambient-micro-fabricated-glow-discharge-plasma-desorption-ionization-mfgdp-mass-spectrometry
#18
CaiYan Tian, JinWei Yin, ZhongJun Zhao, Yinchenxi Zhang, YiXiang Duan
A novel technique of micro-fabricated glow discharge plasma desorption/ionization mass spectrometry was investigated for the first time in negative ion mode in this study. Negative ion micro-fabricated glow discharge plasma desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (NI-MFGDP-MS) was successfully applied to identify trace explosives in open air. Six explosives and explosives-related compounds were directly analyzed in seconds with this ion source. The ions of [M-H](-) were predominant for 2-methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (trinitrotoluene, TNT) and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid), and [M+NO3](-) were dominant ions for 1,3,5-trinitro-perhydro-1,3,5-triazine (cyclonite, RDX), octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (octogen, HMX), 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane (nitroglycerin, NG), and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN)...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338589/managing-hip-fracture-and-lower-limb-surgery-in-the-emergency-setting-potential-role-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants
#19
William Fisher
Trauma, immobilization, and subsequent surgery of the hip and lower limb are associated with a high risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Individuals undergoing hip fracture surgery (HFS) have the highest rates of VTE among orthopedic surgery and trauma patients. The risk of VTE depends on the type and location of the lower limb injury. Current international guidelines recommend routine pharmacological thromboprophylaxis based on treatment with heparins, fondaparinux, dose-adjusted vitamin K antagonists and acetylsalicylic acid for patients undergoing emergency HFS; however, not all guidelines recommend pharmacological prophylaxis for patients with lower limb injuries...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338025/preventing-perioperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders
#20
Colin Watterson, Nicholas Beacher
Data sourcesCochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, a regularly updated database informed by trials identified within electronic databases including MEDLINE. Further defined searches were undertaken in PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Additional hand searching of relevant journals and books of conference proceedings was undertaken.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in people of all ages with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures using antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid (TXA) or epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA)) to prevent perioperative bleeding compared to no intervention with or without placebo...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
keyword
keyword
119284
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"